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How big is the earth compared to VY canis majoris?

It would take over 7,000,000,000,000,000 (7 Quadrillion) Earths to fill VY Canis Majoris Also, it would take over ! "rillion #ie$es of A% #a#er to $over the surfa$e& VY Canis Majoris (VY CMa) is the lar'est known star and also one of the (ost lu(inous& It has a radius of around!,)00 *+ ,!00 ti(es that of our ,un& If the ,un was re#la$ed -. VY Canis Majoris, t/s outer envelo#e would e0tend -e.ond ,aturn& ,ee related link for a #i$torial& VY Canis Majoris is !712)120)00 (iles a$ross& It is the lar'est star $urrentl. known, a red h.#er'iant& Its densit. is ver. low, so its not the (ost (assive, -ut ii has the lar'est dia(eter, around !)00 to !00 solar radii (its radius is !)00* !00 ti(es lar'er than our suns)& If it were in the $entre of our solar s.ste( its ed'es would al(ost rea$h the or-it of ,aturn& 3ith the hi'her nu(-er ( !00), .ou 'et ! ,000,000,000,000,000 (! 0 !0!4)& A few other sour$es sa. it is $loser to !!,555,!2 ,)1 ,000,000 Earths6

Radius, Mass, Temperature and Luminosity


VY Canis Majoris Radius Estimates of the star's radius range from around 1,500 to 2,000 times larger than the sun, if VY Canis Majoris was pla ed in the enter of our solar s!stem it would rea h the or"it of #aturn$ VY Canis Majoris Mass VY Canis Majoris is estimated to ha%e a mass of around 20 to &0 times that of the sun' VY Canis Majoris (emperature VY Canis Majoris is estimated to ha%e surfa e temperatures of around ),200C *5,+00,-' VY Canis Majoris .uminosit! *energ! emittedMeasurements of the star's luminosit! %ar! /uite dramiti all!, from around 250,000 to 500,000 times as luminous as the sun'

VY Canis Majoris Facts

VY Canis Majoris is around &,000 to 5,000 light !ears from Earth in the onstellation of Canis Major'

0t is the largest 1nown star in the Mil1! 2a! gala3!' VY Canis Majoris is a red h!pergiant with a radius up to 2,000 times larger than the sun' 4!pergiant stars su h as VY Canis Majoris are e3tremel! rare in our gala3!, in fa t most stars in the Mil1! 2a! are smaller than the sun' .arge stars "urn their fuel e3tremel! /ui 1l!, as a result the! onl! e3ist for a few million !ears, smaller stars li1e our sun e3ist for "illions of !ears' 0t is estimated that VY Canis Majoris has alread! eje ted around half of its mass, whi h has surrounded the star in a ne"ula loud' VY Canis Majoris is near the end of its lifespan and is e3pe ted to e3plode as a superno%a in the ne3t 100,000 !ears' 5fter the star e3plodes its remaining ore will "e massi%e enough to reate a "la 1 hole in spa e' (he ,ren h astronomer 6erome .aland was the first to re ord and atologue the star in 1+01'

VY Canis Majoris Statistics


Also Known As: VY CMa Distance From Earth: 4,000 to 5,000 light years Constellation: Canis Major Star Type: Red Hypergiant - M Class Mass: 20 to 40 x S n

Luminosity: 250,000 to 500,000 3 #un Diameter: 5ppro3 1'7 "illion miles *2'8 "illion 1m- 9 1,500 to 2,000 3 the #un Temperature: 5ppro3 ),200C *5,+00,Age: 5ppro3 10 million !ears old Rotation Period: :n1nown

0n fa t VY Canis Majoris is so large, a "eam of light would ta1e + hours to ir umna%igate the star' .i1e all h!pergiants, it has a %er! low densit! and is onl! some )0 to &0 times the #un;s mass' 0n the %ideo it states that VY Canis Majoris is 2,+00,000,000 1m in diameter and that it would ta1e 1100 !ears tra%elling in jet air raft at 8001m<hr to ir le it on e' (he diameter of VY Canis Majoris originates from a stud! and paper su"mitted "! =rofessor Ro"erta M' 4umphre!s from the :ni%ersit! of Minnesota' 0n her do ument =rofessor 4umphre!s on ludes that VY Canis Majoris is "etween 1+00 and 2100 solar radii. *The solar radius is approximately 695,500 kilometres (432,450 miles) or about 110 times the radius o the !arth, or 10 times the a"era#e radius o $upiter.-

:sing the 2100 solar radii as a "ase, the ir umferen e of VY Canis Majors wor1s out to "e 8,796,459,430 m and it is this distan e whi h is used in the determination of it ta1ing !!00 years to ir umna%igate the star in a jet tra%elling at 900 m"#r$ >ther authors ha%e reati%el! e3pressed that VY Canis Majoris is so giganti that? % a ro& et tra'e((ing at t#e speed o) (ig#t *ou(d ta e eig#t #ours +,"% minutes eit#er side- to tra'e( around its &ir&um)eren&e$ % i) it *ere possi.(e to dri'e on t#e sur)a&e o) /anis 0a1oris, at 300 mp# non stop 24"7, it *ou(d ta e 2!!33 years to dri'e around t#e entire &ir&um)eren&e and t#e speedometer4s trip *ou(d s#o* 5 .i((ion 553 mi((ion !07 t#ousand 960 mi(es &ompared *it# 33 days to do t#e same t#ing on t#e 5art#, *it# its e6uatoria( &ir&um)eren&e o) 24,90!$5 mi(es$ - if for some reason you wanted to walk the circumference of VY Canis Majoris, assuming a walking speed of 3 mph/8 hours a day and a suit somehow capa le of protecting you from temperatures reaching fi!e thousand degrees "ahrenheit, it would take you appro#imately si# hundred and fifty thousand $%&''''( years to get ack to where you started) Compare that to the paltr! )10 !ears re/uired to wal1 around #ol, our sun, or the downright pedestrian and %er! reasona"le 2 !ears @ months to omplete a ir uit around the Earth' % it *ou(d ta e o'er 7,000,000,000,000,000 +7 7uadri((ion- 5art#s or 7,000,000,000 +7 8i((ion- 9uns to )i(( :; /anis 0a1oris$ Aut what if VY Canis Majoris isn;t su h a "ehemoth after allB (here is no argument that VY Canis Majoris is a monster of a star, "ut as with a lot of things in astronom! there is disagreement' =art of the ontro%ers! a"out VY Canis Majoris; siCe is that the %arious larger estimates of the siCe and luminosit! fall outside t#e .ounds o) &urrent ste((ar t#eory, .ot# .eyond t#e ma<imum predi&ted si=e o) any star and )ar &oo(er t#an a star o) its (uminosity &an .e&ome' >ne of the inherent pro"lems apparentl! in determining the siCe of %er! large stars su h VY Canis Majoris is of defining the Dsurfa eE *and radius- of the stars' 0t;s not as if there is a definite line drawn somewhere so s ientists attempt to determine the "oundar! using a measurement alled the Rosseland Radius whi h is "ased on opa%ity *the degree to whi h light is not allowed to tra%el through an o"je t or spa e-' 0n 2012 a more re ent e3amination of VY Canis Majoris using different methodolog! esta"lished its radius as 1&20 F 120 solar radii' >sing t#is re'ised so(ar radii, #o* does it &#ange our tra'e( p(ans? @it# a ne* diameter o) !,975,220,000 m and &ir&um)eren&e o) 6,205,336,64! m, it *i(( no* ta e us on(y 787 years to tra'e( around :; /anis 0a1oris on&e in our 1et tra'e((ing at 900 m"#r$ @e #a'e no& ed 3!3 years o)) our tra'e( s&#edu(eA$

Aut this new radius figure means that VY Canis Majoris isn;t the grand9dadd! of stars an! more' T#at #onour no* goes to B0LC/ygni, part of the C!gnus onstellation' Coming in at a whopping 1750 solar radii, GM.HC!gni is a"out 5)00 light9!ears awa!' 5lso 1nown as V1&+8 C!g, it passes high o%erhead at Charlottetown, =rin e Edward 0sland' 0t is "est %iewed from earl! #eptem"er through earl! Ie em"er, with the "est e%ening %iewing in late > to"er' B0LC/ygni has a diameter or 2,285,150,0001m and a ir umferen e of 7,2!0,426,379 m, a"out one "illion 1ilometers larger than VY Canis Majoris and more than 110 solar radii larger than the ne3t largest star' >ur jet air raft will ta1e us a"out 9!4$5 years to tra%el around it' +Remem.er *e &an tra'e( around t#e 5art# in a.out 44$5 #oursA5t these dimensions it is reall! hard to imagine the siCe of these stars' 2hile the %ideo in this post is helpful, this image reall! helps to esta"lish perspe ti%e' 2hile we are pondering the immense siCe of these stars we must remem"er that these red h!pergiants li%e relati%el! short li%es' 5 t!pi al red h!per giant phase lasts a"out half a million !ears' 5 massi%e star "e omes a red h!per giant near the end of its life, as it "urns up all the h!drogen fuel at its %er! ore' D5s the ore ontra ts under its own gra%itational pull, the outer la!ers of the star will e3pand one hundred times larger than its original siCe, and it rapidl! "egins to lose mass' 0t has "een assessed that VY Canis Majoris has alread! e3hausted a"out half of its mass, and at a tremendous rate due to its "rightness too'

0t will e%entuall! e3plode as a superno%a estimated around the !ear )200, when it does, the fragments will all "e ome the "uilding "lo 1s for new stars in the e%er hanging, e%er a ti%e, all wonderful, trul! majesti and m!stif!ing :ni%erse'

#impl! though, VY Canis Majoris is a d!ing star, shedding off huge amounts of matter into the surrounding ne"ula that ma1es it hard for 4u""le to learl! see with an! great definition'E*http?<<www'%in elewis'net<stars'html#o in thin1ing a"out the largest stars, perhaps the final word should "e left to =rofessor 4umphre!s' #he was as1ed in this arti le the /uestion? D4ow "ig an stars getBE' 4er repl!? D#he noted that the largest stars are the oolest' #o e%en though Eta Carinae is the most luminous star we 1now of, it;s e3tremel! hot J 25,000 Kel%in J and so onl! a mere &00 solar radii'

(he largest stars will "e the ool supergiants' ,or e3ample, VY Canis Majoris is onl! ),500 Kel%in' 5 reall! "ig star would "e e%en ooler' 5t ),000 Kel%in, a ool supergiant would "e 2,700 times the siCe of the #un' (hat, she "elie%es, is the largest possi"le star'E 0 ha%e no dou"t that sometime GM.HC!gni will "e dethroned as the largest star, "ut for me, there is something majesti a"out VY Canis Majoris, the first of the h!pergiants to reign' 5s alwa!s, enjo! the %iews' Denumiri a(e ordine(or de mDrime :a(oare 9&ara s&urtD 9&ara (ungD 10) 107 108 1012 1015 101+ 1021 102& 102@ mie milion "ilion trilion %adrilion %intilion se3tilion septilion o tilion mie milion miliard "ilion "iliard trilion triliard %adrilion %adriliard mie milion miliard, "ilionL+M "ilionL8M, o mie de miliarde, trilionL10M trilionL11M %adrilion %intilion se3tilion septilion >=u( En RomFniaGnecesit* citareH

Astfel, n sistem zecimal, dup puterile lui zece, grupele sunt: 100 = 1 = unu (unitatea) 101 = 10 = zece (zece uniti) 102 = 100 = suta (zece zeci) 103 = 1 000 = mie (zece sute) 104 = 10 000 = zece mii 10 = 100 000 = ! sut de mii (zece mii " zece mii) 10# = 1 000 000 = mili!n 10$ = 10 000 000 = zece mili!ane 10% = 100 000 000 = ! sut de mili!ane 10& = 1 000 000 000 = miliard (n 'tatele (nite, se nume)te *ili!n) 1010 = 10 000 000 000 = zece miliarde 1011 = 100 000 000 000 = ! sut de miliarde 1012 = 1 000 000 000 000 = *ili!n 1013 = 10 000 000 000 000 = zece *ili!ane 1014 = 100 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de *ili!ane 101 = 1 000 000 000 000 000 = *iliard 101# = 10 000 000 000 000 000 = zece *iliarde 101$ = 100 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de *iliarde 101% = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 = trili!n 101& = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece trili!ane 1020 = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de trili!ane 1021 = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = c+adrili!n 1022 = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece c+adrili!ane 1023 = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de c+adrili!ane 1024 = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = c+intili!n 102 = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece c+intili!ane 102# = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de c+intili!ane 102$ = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = se,tili!n 102% = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece se,tili!ane 102& = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de se,tili!ane 1030 = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = septili!n 1031 = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece septili!ane 1032 = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de septili!ane 1033 = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = !ctili!n 1034 = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece !ctili!ane 103 = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de !ctili!ane 103# = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = n!nili!n 103$ = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece n!nili!ane 103% = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de n!nili!ane 103& = 1 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = decili!n

1040 = 10 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = zece decili!ane 1041 = 100 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 000 = ! sut de decili!ane -i a)a mai departe, spre infinit... :/)

7entru denu(irea ordinelor de (8ri(e (a 'ru#urilor de trei $ifre, nu(ite 9i :$lase;) se foloses$ dou8 siste(e< :s$ara s$urt8; (,tatele =nite 9i Marea >ritanie) 9i :s$ara lun'8; (restul Euro#ei)&

Pe scara scurt, puterile lui 10, luate din 3 n 3, sunt: (Statele Unite i Marea Britanie):

Pe scara lung, puterile lui 10, luate din 3 n 3, sunt: (restul Europei):

(ia (!0?1), (ilionul (!0?5), (iliardul (!0?2), -ilionul (!0?! ), -iliardul (!0?!4), trilionul (!0?!)), triliardul (!0? !), $vadrilionul (!0? %), $vadriliardul (!0? 7) et$&

(ia (!0?1), (ilionul (!0?5), -ilionul (!0?2), trilionul (!0?! ), $vadrilionul (!0?!4), @uintillionul (!0?!2), se0tillionul (!0? !), se#tillionul (!0? %) et$&

Au(8rul 10&000&000&000&000&000 se #oate $iti< 10 $vadrilioane (#e s$ara s$urt8) sau 10 -iliarde (#e s$ara lun'8)&

Denumiri a(e ordine(or de mDrime


!$000Imie+s&ara s&urta-, mie+s&ara (unga-, mie+u= Romania-

!$000$000Imi(ion, !$000$000$000I.i(ion,

mi(ion, mi(iard,

mi(ion mi(iard .i(ion,+J Adesea perntru !0!2 se tri(ion &'adri(ion, &'inti(ion se<ti(ion septi(ion

!$000$000$000$000Itri(ion, .i(ion, pre)erD e<presia Ko mie de mi(iardeL$!$000$000$000$000$000I&'adri(ion, .i(iard,

!$000$000$000$000$000$000I&'inti(ion, tri(ion, !$000$000$000$000$000$000$000Ise<ti(ion, tri(iard,

!$000$000$000$000$000$000$000$000Isepti(ion, &'adri(ion,

!$000$000$000$000$000$000$000$000$000Io&ti(ion, &'adri(iard,

# ara lungN este spe ifi N sistemului european de numerotare, iar s ara s urtN sistemului "ritani i ameri an' #istemul romOnes este original, Pn sensul N preia de la sistemul european miliardul, dar menine sistemul anglo9sa3on pentru numere mai mari de "ilion *10Q12-' )0'000' 000'000'000'000R)0 %adrilione
Planeta Mercur enus P#m$nt Marte %u&iter 'aturn (ranus )e&tun Plut* Distana (000 km) 57 910 10! 200 149 "00 227 940 77! 330 1 42" 940 2 !70 990 4 497 070 5 913 520 Raza (km) 2439 "052 "37! 3397 71492 "02"! 25559 247"4 11"0 Masa (kg) 3.30e23 4.!7e24 5.9!e24 ".42e23 1.90e27 5."9e2" !."9e25 1.02e2" 1.31e22

S S S S S S

IistanN faN de =NmOnt? 1&8'700'000 1m (emperaturN la suprafaN? 5'@@+ K MasN? 1,8+8E)0 1g RaCN? 785'500 1m *1 RMagnitudine? 927,@& Coordonate? 5I 18h &m )1s T Ie ' 7)U 52,200'