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Engleski jezik 2 IV obrada teksta; One-sentence summary 1

Read the following text carefully and then summarize each paragraph in one sentence.
Remember to keep the total number between 50 and 70:
Most parents can agree that kids just get music, instinctively and instantly. We recognize it the
first moment we successfully calm a hysterical newborn with a ballad or watch a young child,
who can barely stand, boogie to the rhythm of a song. But what else is going on in their little
brains when the baby dance-a-thon in the kitchen is going strong?
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A lot, it turns out. Recent studies have shown that interacting with music as opposed to just
listening to it has the power to improve your childs abilities to understand language, do math
and much more.
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Recently, E. Glenn Schellenberg from the University of Toronto has shown that music lessons
can boost a childs IQ, while Krista L. Hyde from McGill University in Montreal has
demonstrated how lessons can change a brains actual structure even suggesting they could
help children with developmental disorders. More and more, music appears to be an all-in-one
workout machine in the weight room of your kids brain.
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Now, for some, this music-as-brain-superfood thing seems like dj vu. Remember the Mozart
effect, the 90s fad that led a generation of parents to believe that playing classical music for
their children could turn them into geniuses? Listening will do nothing for the brain, says
Sylvain Moreno, the world-renowned neuroscientist and leading researcher at Baycrest, a
cognitive neuroscience and memory research centre affiliated with the University of Toronto.
You have to be in a kind of interaction with music.
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The award-winning Morenos on going research into how music affects a childs cognitive skills
has so far come to one overwhelming conclusion: When children engage with music actively
play or study their cognitive skills are strengthened.
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Ime, prezime i broj indeksa ______________________________________________________

Engleski jezik 2 IV obrada teksta; One-sentence summary 1


Read the following text carefully and then summarize each paragraph in one sentence.
Remember to keep the total number between 50 and 70:
Most people have heard the old rule about going to bed upset: Never do it, the saying goes, or the
hard feelings will fester and resentment will build. Some say it goes back to the Bible, in
Ephesians 4:26. Let not the sun go down upon your wrath. Regardless of its origins, the
proverb has been scarcely researched. But in a recent study in The Journal of Neuroscience,
scientists found there might be a grain of truth to it: Going to sleep after experiencing negative
emotions appears to reinforce or preserve them.
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In the study, scientists recruited 106 men and women and exposed them to images that provoked
various emotions. In some cases the emotions were negative for instance, after seeing an
unsettling image of an accident or traumatic scene. In other cases, the images produced positive
or neutral emotions.
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The researchers then looked at what happened when the subjects were shown both new images
and the previous ones 12 hours later either in the morning after a night of sleep, or at the end
of a full day of wakefulness. They also measured brain activity during the rapid eye movement,
or REM, phase of sleep, when dreams occur.
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The scientists found that staying awake weakened the emotional response to seeing the upsetting
images again. But when the subjects were shown the disturbing images after a night of sleep,
their response was just as strong as when they had first seen them suggesting that sleep
protected the emotional response.
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Other studies have found that sleep, perhaps as an evolutionary mechanism, enhances emotional
memories. The authors pointed out that after an unsettling experience, many people have trouble
sleeping perhaps the brains way of trying to keep the memory or emotions from being stored.
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Ime, prezime i broj indeksa ______________________________________________________