Anda di halaman 1dari 17

PPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMI

CHEMISTRY FORM 4 MODULE 1


PPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMI

INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY, THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM, CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA

MODULE 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY, THE STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM, CHEMICAL FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS
Arahan: 1. Modul ini mengandungi empat puluh soalan. Semua soalan adalah dalam bahasa Inggeris. 2. Modul merangkumi enam konstruk yang diuji K3 - Memahami istilah sains dalam bahasa Inggeris K5 - Menguasai konstruk pengetahuan K6 - Menguasai konstruk kefahaman K7 - Menguasai konstruk kemahiran K8 - Mengungkapkan idea/informasi dalam bahasa Inggeris K10 - Memahami pengajaran dan pembelajaran dalam bahasa Inggeris 3. Murid hendaklah menulis maklumat diri dalam kertas jawapan objektif disediakan. Murid juga perlu memastikan maklumat konstruk, nombor soalan dan jumlah soalan seperti yang dibaca oleh guru di dalam ruangan disediakan dalam kertas jawapan objektif sebelum ujian. 4. Bagi soalan objektif, anda perlu menandakan jawapan dengan menghitamkan pilihan jawapan pada pilihan jawapan A , B , C atau D pada kertas jawapan objektif. Contoh: Antara berikut, yang manakah haiwan? A. Pokok
A B

B.

Kambing
C

C.
D

Kereta
E

D.

Pen

5. Untuk soalan subjektif, jawapan hendaklah ditulis pada kertas berasingan yang disediakan oleh guru. 6. Bagi soalan 37 hingga 40, murid hendaklah mendengar arahan daripada guru. 7. Jawab semua soalan. Modul ini mengandungi 16 halaman bercetak 2

1.

You are given this formula:

X=
What is X ? A B C 2.

Number of Particles Avogadro Cons tan t

Molar mass Molar volume Number of moles

You are given the molecular formula of glucose: C6H12O6 The molecular formula of glucose shows the A B C D actual mass of glucose formula of a glucose molecule that exists in solid state actual number of each atom of the elements in a glucose molecule ratio for the number of atoms of each type of element in a glucose molecule

3.

Molar mass of a substance is the mass A B C of one mole of the substance of one atom of the substance of 6.023 x 10 24 particles of the substance

4.

The diagram shows the symbol of an atom.


Nucleon number Proton number

A Z

X
1

The isotopes of hydrogen are 1 H What is isotopes? A B C D

, 2

1H

and

3 1

Different atoms with the same number of electron, protons and neutrons. Different atoms with the same number of electrons but different number of protons. Different atoms with the same number of neutrons but different number of protons. Different atoms with the same number of protons but different number of neutrons.

5.

The value of Avogadro constant is 6.023 x 1023 mol-1 What is Avogadro constant? A The number of neutrons in an atom. B The mass in one mole of a substance C The number of protons and electrons of an atom. D The number of particles in one mole of a substance

6.

1 mole of any gas occupies 24 dm3 at room conditions is the definition of A B C molarity molar mass molar volume

7.

An amount of substance that contains as many particles as the number of atoms in exactly 12 g of carbon-12 Which of the following terms explains the above statement? A B C D mole molar mass relative atomic mass relative molecular mass

8.

The equation below shows the reaction between magnesium and oxygen 2 Mg (s) + O2 (g) Number A B C D 2 represents 2 MgO(s)

mass volume number of moles number of particles

9.

Which of the following statements is true about matter? A B C Matter has mass only. Matter has mass and occupies space. Matter is the smallest particle of an element.

10.

Which of the following is not true about molar mass? A B C D the mass of 6.02 x 10 23 particles the mass of NA number of particles the mass of one mole of the substances the mass of one gram of the substances

11.

An atom is a neutral particle. It contains the same number of A B C protons and neutrons. protons and electrons. neutrons and electrons.

12.

The diagram shows the heating curve of solid naphthalene. temperature/oC S Q R time/min Which of the following points shows the melting process of naphthalene? A B C D At point P From point P to point Q From point Q to point R From point R to point S P

13.

CaCO3 (s) +

HCI (aq)

CaCI2(aq) +

CO2 (g) + H2O(l)

What is (are) the reactant (s) for the above chemical equation? A B C D CaCO3 only CO2 and H2O CaCO3 and HCl CaCI2, H2O and CO2

14.

The diagram shows the electron arrangement of atom X

How many valence electrons are there in the atom X? A B C 15. 2 5 7

The table shows the relative masses of the three subatomic particles. Subatomic Proton Electron Neutron Relative mass 1 1 1840 1

Which of the subatomic particles has the least mass? A B C 16. Proton Neutron Electron

The table shows the simplest ratio of elements P and Q Element Simplest ratio P 1 Q 3

What is the empirical formula of this substance? A B C D PQ P3Q PQ3 P2Q3

17.

The diagram shows the changes in the state of a substance from P to Q under pro

Process X

What is process X ? A B C D 18. Melting Freezing Sublimation Condensation

What is the number of molecules in one mole of carbon dioxide gas, CO2? [NA = 6.02 x 1023 ] A B C D

6.02 10 23 2 1 x 6.02 x 1023 2 x 6.02 x 1023 3 x 6.02 x 1023

19.

The number of electrons and the number of neutrons of atom X are 4 and 5 respectively. What is the proton number and nucleon number of atom X? Proton number 4 4 9 1 Nucleon number 9 5 4 9

A B C D

20.

The table shows the relative atomic masses of copper and oxygen. Elements Relative atomic mass Copper 64 Oxygen 16

How many times is copper atom heavier than oxygen atom? A B C D 21. 0.25 4 48 80
23

The symbol of sodium atom can be written as 11 Na The nucleus of this sodium atom contains A. B. C. D. 11 protons and 12 neutrons 11 neutrons and 12 protons 11 protons and 12 electrons 12 neutrons and 11 electrons

22.

The table below shows the proton number and the number of electrons of four different particles. Particle P Q R S Proton number 8 12 17 17 Number of electrons 8 10 17 18

Which of the particles are ions? A B C D P and Q P and R Q and R Q and S

23.

The table below shows the number of protons of four atoms W, X, Y and Z. Atom W X Y Z Number of protons 3 16 17 19

Which of the atoms have the same number of valence electrons? A B C D 24. W and X and X and Y and Z Z Y Z

Calculate the number of moles of 16 g of Copper. [ Relative atomic mass : Cu , 64 ] A B C D 0.25 0.75 2.50 7.50

25.

An experiment is carried out to determine the empirical formula of oxide of metal X. The data below shows the result of the experiment. Mass of crucible and lid Mass of crucible, lid and metal X Mass of crucible, lid and oxide of metal X = 139.50g = 148.31g = 150.48g

What is the empirical formula of oxide of metal X? [ Relative atomic mass: O,16 ; X, 65 ] A B C D XO XO2 X2O X2O3

26

What is the relative formula mass of hydrated copper(II) sulphate , CuSO4.5H2O? [ Relative atomic mass : H , 1 ; O , 16 ; S , 32 ; Cu,64 ] A B C D 160 186 250 818

27.

An oxide of metal X contains 6.9 g of metal X and 4.6 g of oxygen. What is the empirical formula of oxide of metal X ? [ Relative atomic mass: O, 16 ; X, 24 ] A B C D XO XO2 X2O X2O3

28.

The equation shows the reaction between calcium carbonate and nitric acid. CaCO3(s) + 2HNO3 (aq ) Ca(NO3) 2(aq ) + H2O(l) + O2(g)

What is the volume of carbon dioxide gas released when 5 g of calcium carbonate reacts completely? [ Relative atomic mass: Ca,40 ; C,12 ; O,16 ; H ,1 ; one mole of any gas occupies 24 dm3 at room conditions] A B C D 29. 1.2 dm3 2.4 dm3 12 dm3 24 dm3

What is the number of moles of 560 cm3 of carbon dioxide gas at STP? [Given that number of mole of gas = volume molar volume ; molar volume : 22.4 dm3 mol -1 at STP ] A B C D 0.025 mol 0.25 mol 2.5 mol 25 mol

30.

The diagram shows the set-up of apparatus used to investigate diffusion in a solid gel.

Gel

Potassium manganate(VII) cystal

After a few days, the entire solid gel turned purple. What can we deduce from the above investigation? A B C D Potassium manganate(VII) dissolves in the gel. Potassium manganate(VII) is less dense than the gel. Potassium manganate(VII) reacts with the gel to produce purple colour Potassium manganate(VII) particles diffuse through spaces between the gel particles. 31. The equation shows the reaction between carbon and oxygen gas. C (s) + O2 ( g) CO2 (g)

What is the mass of carbon dioxide gas released when 12 g of carbon reacts completely in the reaction? [ Relative atomic mass: C, 12 : O, 16 ] A B C D 12 g 28 g 32 g 44 g

32.

The diagram shows two balloons P and Q.

1.5 mol of carbon dioxide

2.5 mol of oxygen

Balloon P is filled with 1.5 moles of carbon dioxide gas whereas balloon Q is filled with 2.5 moles of oxygen gas. What is the mass of carbon dioxide and oxygen ? [ Relative atomic mass: C,12: O,16 ]

carbon dioxide A B C D 22 g 42 g 44 g 66 g

oxygen 16 g 40 g 32 g 80 g

10

33. You are given a chemical equation: 2 Mg (s) + O2 (g) 2MgO(s)

Write three information based on the chemical equation.

i) ii) iii)

.. .. .

34.

The figure shows the relationship between the number of particles, the number of moles and the mass of a substance. NA Number of particles x NA Number of moles x Molar mass Mass Molar mass

Based on the above figure write the formulae to determine : i) number of moles =

ii)

mass of a substance =

iii)

Number of particles

11

35. A crystal of copper(II) sulphate is placed at the bottom of a beaker filled with water. The beaker is left aside until the water turns blue.

After 1 day Water Copper (II) sulphate crystal Blue solution of copper (II) sulphate, CuSO4

Name the process occurred. Explain your answer. Name of process : Explanation .

: .

.... . .

12

36.

The figure shows the heating curve of solid naphthalene. temperature/oC S Q R P time/min

Describe the changes in term of the movement and the forces of attraction of naphthalene particles from point (a) P to Q: 1. Movement: .. .. 2. Forces of attraction:..... ...

(b) R to S: 1. Movement: .. ... 2. Forces of attraction:... ...

13

Listen carefully to the text read by the teacher. Answer questions 37 and 38. 37. The smallest particle of an element that can participate in a chemical reaction is called A B C D 38. ion atom element molecule

A negatively-charged and positively-charged particles are called A B C D ions atoms elements molecules

Listen carefully to the text read by the teacher. Answer questions 39 and 40 39. Which of the following is not true about chemical equation? A B C D 40. It can be written in words only. It shows the state of substances. It can be written in words or symbols. It is a shorthand description of a chemical reaction.

What are the states of matter that involved in a chemical reaction? i) ... ii) . iii) ..

14

KEMENTERIAN PELAJARAN MALAYSIA

KERTAS JAWAPAN OBJEKTIF Ujian Diagnostik


Nama Pelajar: Tahun/ Tingkatan : Nama Sekolah: 4 Mata Pelajaran: Modul: KIMIA 1

GUNAKAN PENSIL 2B ATAU BB SAHAJA. TENTUKAN TIAP-TIAP TANDA ITU HITAM DAN MEMENUHI KESELURUHAN RUANG. SILA HITAMKAN JAWAPAN DI BAWAH MENGIKUT HURUF JAWAPAN YANG ANDA PILIH
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
A A A A A B B B B B C C C C C D D D D D E E E E E
PADAMKAN HINGGA HABIS MANA-MANA TANDA YANG ANDA UBAH

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Jumlah Soalan

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

Konstruk

No. Soalan

Bilangan Soalan Gagal Dijawab

Kegunaan Guru

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

K1 K3 K5 K6 K7 K8 K10 1-7 8-13 14-23 24-32 33-36 37-40 7 6 10 9 4 4

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

A A A A A

B B B B B

C C C C C

D D D D D

E E E E E

15