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Nama

: Candra Aditya Wiguna

NIM

: 6512010005

Peminatan

: Gas Processing

Mata Kuliah

: Elemen Mesin

Nama Dosen : Fx. Kusumo

1. Given:

100[HP]
3000 [rpm]

25 [mm]

Impelers

Coupling
s

1500 [mm]

Question:

750 [mm]

75 [kg]

a. Bending
b. T shear

Answer:
a. Draw free bending diagram
W

Fax

Fay

1.5 [m]

Fby

0.75 [m]

Based on the first newton law


F = 0
Fx = 0
Fy = 0
Fay + Fby W = 0 (1)
Same as the moment so M = 0, (clockwise (-), counter-clockwise (+)
Fay x 0 + Fby 1.5 [m] W x 2.25 [m] = 0

0 + 1.5Fby

= 2.25 x 735.73

Fby

= 1103.595 [N.m]

So, we can substitute to equation (1)


Fay + 1103.595 735.73 = 0
Fay = - 367.865 [N.m]
And then we solve the Inertia at the each of the point @0.15 [m]
Fay x X1 + Fby x X2 = Mx
X1

Mx
0
0,15
0,3
0,45
0,6
0,75
0,9
1,05
1,2
1,35
1,5
1,65
1,8
1,95
2,1
2,25

0
-55,1798
-110,36
-165,539
-220,719
-275,899
-331,079
-386,258
-441,438
-496,618
-551,798
-441,438
-331,079
-220,719
-110,36
0

Based on calculation, the peak of the moment is at X = 1.5 [m], so we can draw the
diagram:
Length
0
0 0,15 0,3 0,45 0,6 0,75 0,9 1,05 1,2 1,35 1,5 1,65 1,8 1,95 2,1 2,25
-100

Momen

-200
-300
-400
-500
-600

Finnaly we find the stress


=

=
= 360 [MPa]
b. Tshear = T x r/J
J = 3.14 x d4/32
J = 3.14 x (0.025)4/32
J = 3.83 x 10-8
Conversion:
P = 100 [HP] x 746
P = 74600 [Watt]
= 3000 [RPM] = 314.159265 [rad/s]
find the torsion:
P=Tx
T = P/
T = 74600 / 314.1593
T = 237.459 [N.m]
Find the Tshear:
Tshear = T x r/J
Tshear = 237.459 x 0.0125 / 3.83 x 10-8
Tshear = 77499673.63 [pascal] = 77.4 [MPa]

2. Given:

W = 1000 [N]

h
400 [mm]
Question : determine the thickness of the board and allowable weight if SF = 3.0
Answer:
a. draw the bending diagram
W = 1000 [N]

M
2 [m]
F
Based at the first Newton law:

F = 0
FW=0
F 1000 = 0
F = 1000 [N]
And the moment = M = 0

-M - W x L = 0
-M - 1000 x 2 = 0
M = - 2000 [N.m]

Solve the inertia each point @0.4 [m]


F x X + M = Mx
X
0
0,4
0,8
1,2
1,6
2

Mx
-2000
-1600
-1200
-800
-400
0
X

0
0

0,4

0,8

1,2

1,6

Momen

-500
-1000
-1500
-2000
-2500

B = M x C/I
I = 1/12 x b x h3
C same as half of the height or thickness

55 =

55 =

h=

h = 0.023 [m]
b. SF = Allowable Stress / Actual Stress

C=h

B =

B =
B = 12000000 [pascal]
substitute to Safety Factor equation:
SF = allowable stress / actual stress
Allowable stress = SF x actual stress
Allowable stress = 3 x 12000000
Allowable stress = 36000000 [pascal] = 36 [MPa]
Find the allowable moment:
B =
M=

M=
M = 60004.8 [N.m]
We can find the allowable mass:
M=Fxd
F = M/d
F = 3000 [N]
F=mxg
m=F/g
m = 3000 / 9.81
m = 305.81 [kg]

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