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Vol. 35 No. 34 21st April, 1986 Price: Re. 1 I.

POLITICAL CLIMATE IN PUNJAB


NEEDS IMPROVEMENT
Rajiv-Loogowal Accord Must Be Implemented Fully
Unless the Rajiv-Longowal accord of Jnly 24 last
year is implemented fully, peace cannot return to Punjab.
The problem is more political than that nf mere law and
order. This very assessment, which we have been
stressing all these months has been upheld by Governor
8 .S. Ray at a press conference in Jullundur on April 15.
comes through and when it would
be impiemented lies in the realm
of conjecture. Its first deadline of
December 31, 1985 is much
bebind us.
The All-India Gurdwara Bill.
for which Sikhs bave been
clamouring sinc, 1947 and wbich
was an aochor-sheet of the ac-
cord, is nowhere on tile horizon.
We are told the states concerned
have been asked to send t heir
comments.
But wby was not a
set for these repl ies ?
The inescapabl e conclusion is
that tbe centre is deliberately
dragging its feet,
Mr Rajiv Gandhi had agreed'
to set up a c )mmittee
to review the ClSeS of all those
(Continued on last page)
It is true that extremists never
accepted the accord. But they
have built a propaganda barrage
around it to prove that Punjabis
have been cheated again by the
crafty centre.
It is ' sheer naivete on New
Delhi's part to contend that all
clauses of the accord , except for
two, have been implemented , In
fact, not even one claus e has
implemented fully, Of course, there
bas been show of some spade.,
work being done .
Bizarre
Suggestions About
By Some M.P.s
Punjab
Chandigarb, which was to be
merged with Punjab on January
26 last, is still a union territory.
The Vankataramiah commission
has been asked to submit a report
by May 31 next on Hindispeak-
ing areas of Punjab to be given
to Haryana in lieu of Chand i-
garh. Tbe merger of City Beauti-
ful and these areas is to be done
simultaneously within three weeks
after that.
But who knows what will
happen ? . ,
Since 1970 wben Mrs Indira
Gandhi awarded the city to
Punjab, there have been so many
slips between the cup and tbe lip,
Tbe second commiSSIon,
which is to go into territorial
claims and counter-claims of
Punjab and Haryana, is still to
take birth. Originally, it was due
to submit its report before
January 24 this year.
The Eradi commission on
share of Ravi-Beas surplus waters
is still to begin its work In real
earnest. Wben its final report
Working For A Commuoit}'s Good Communalism
During the deb::lte on grants for the union hom
ministry in Lok Sabha this week, some members allow-
ed their sentiments to overpower their reasoning. As a
result, some bizarre suggestions were made.
Mr Shantaram Nai k from
Goa demanded that the Punjab
assembly be dissolved and the
state declared a union territory
for a period or five years so that
tbe "centre could affectively deal
with tbe terrorist problem" .
But he forgot tbat the pro-
blem remained unsolved when
the state was under president's
rule for nearly two years till
September . 1985, Then New
Delhi had all the po wets and
wherewithals to tackle the
terrorists. How can the new
dispensation put more teeth into
the centre's role?
When Goa itself is clamour-
ing for statehood, it is ironical
that Mr Naik should ask for
Punjab to be demoted into a
union territory. If UT recipe
is so sweet and nice, why does
Mr Naik shout for its replace-
menl in Goa?
Mr K.K, Tiwari suggested
that the government must give
first priority to the job of getti ng
the GoMen vacated o'f
terrorists to "break the backs of
_
No one endorses the activities
of the some misguided Sikhs who
are taking undue advantage of
the sanctuary provided by the
holy complex and indulging in
anti-national activities. the
million-dollar question is: How
to flush them out?
Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
has ruled out another Operation
BluJstar, as he does not want tQ
add to the alienation of Sikhs
who have not so far forgotten or
forxiven the army invasion of
June 1984. ,
Tbe Sarbat Khalsa, organised-
at Anandpur Sahib in February
this year by Akal Takht lathed.r
Kirpal Singh, had decided to
send Shahldl Jalha3 to liberate
the Golden Temple complex from
the forci bl e occup,tion by uS'lr-
pers of "united" Akali Dal
Damdami Taksal and All
:;ikh Students Federation. But so
far nothing has been done, It is
high time the Akali Dal 'and
SGPC took tangible steps
translate the pledge into reality.
This shall also keep government
forces away from the areDa.
Some members demanded a
ban on Akali Dal and other
communal parties, Bur they'
should remember that our consti-
tution confers special protection
of minorities. Moreover,
doms of speech, thought, assem-
bly and worship are guaranteed.
Any ban on AkaliDal would
therefore, be illegal and uncono;-
titutional.
Moreover, to work for tbe
good of one's cOIDmunity is
crime, no sin, The tragedy is tbat
some people are inclined to treat
the of a !"inority
community as communalism and:
in turn, tbe communalism or
, tbe m'Jonly commuOlty as
nationalism. There lies tbe mai.
rub.
THE WBBKLY 2
CALL FOR BOYCOTT OF HINDUS A MAD ACT
Prosperity Of Sikbs Linked Witb Tbat Of Hindus
Driven to desperation, tbe 'ousted convener of AIl-
India Sikh Students Federation, Sardar Harin(jer Singh
Kahlon, has begun adopting postures which are divorc-
ed fr om realities of Jife and border on insanity.
-'Silchs and Hindus., members.
, Sardar Kahlon has .. ked
Sikhs not to sell thei rproduce to
. Hindus, and stop all business
'deals with Hindus.
He has now given a Cll! to
Sikb.s r<J, an econlmic of
Hindus , He has asked, bis folio
wers to ran out in different direc '
tions in Punja b to make tbe
boycott a success.
Th, boycott call been
publi$hed by a New Delbi English
daily but safar Sardar ' Kbalon
has not denied
Maybe Sardar KbaloH wants
to stop his followers from desert
ing him with tbese puanoid
slogans. Only last week be was
dethroned from tbe "acting
convenersbip" of AISSF. His
: I-rnemb,r adboc committee wa,
dismissed by Bbai Manjit Singh,
A IS,F president, who is now in
This is easier said, than done.
Jodhpur j.il, and a five man It is true that Punjab econo'
"presidium" installed in its ' my is dominated by Hindus but
place, This presidium has since the, Sikh contribution to it also
been recognised by "Acting" is no mean. Both the communi-
Akal Takht Jathedar Bh,ai ties sustain each other. One com-
Gurdev Singh and "united" munity cannot survive, much less
Akali Dal of Bab. Joginder . prosper, without the o:her. For
Singb. Sardar com , instance, iC a Hindu is making a
mlttee stIli enJoys recogllltlon of 'motor for a fan a Sikh provide,
Damdaml Takaal . In this st ,uggle fan belt. examples can
Cor leadershIp and war of nerves, , be multiplied by tens of tbou-
wbo wins in tbe end 'sands.' , .' .
said witb certainty. ,, ' '' .,' 'Punjab farmers, who are
But tbe boycott can will hil almost entirely Sikhs, contribute
Sikhs as mucb as Hindus. More 60 percent of wheat and 55 per-
over, it would lead to soci.1 cent of rice to the national buffer
cleavage wbich bas to be avoided stocks. If these sales are stopped.
al all costs. Tbis is more so wben bow will tbe farmers get rid of
numerous families bave botb tbeir surplus stocks, much less
Anandpur Sahib firing toll bigb'er
says PCFD report
Sardar Harinder Singb K.blon,
convener, A ISSF, and Sardar
Sarbjit Singb of A ISSF, Ropar
met the Akali leaders iucluding
Sardar Surjan Singb Thekedar,
Sardar Gurd, v Singb, Sardar
Piara Singh Padena and Sardar
Horbans Singh Gbuman at tbe
residence of Iatbedar H "c!).ran
Singb Mahalon.- of the Takbt
Sri Kesgarh Sabib, on tbe
evening of March 25. The AISSF
leaders asked the Akali leaders
to convey it to tbe chief minister
that in case Bbai Mobkam Singh
was not released by 10 a.m. on
Marcb 26. tbe 'sangat' would not
a!low Sardar Barnala to speak at
the Akali Dal conference.
A committee of tbe Punjab Citizens for Democracy (PCFD)
which enquired into the police tiring on militants at , Anandpur
Sabib on March 26 has found that the incident could have been
2.voided b,d the Chief Minister, Sardar Surjit Singh B,rnal a, not
gone tbere on that day to address an Akali Dal conference on the
eve of tbe "Hola Moballa" festival.
Differing witb tbe government
version of seven persons dead
and 24 injured in the firing, tbe
committee feels tbat more tban
15 \lerson. bad been kill<d and
50 wounded in tbe firing.
Mr Iu,tice A.S. Blins, a
retired Judge of the Punjab and
Haryan. HIgh Court and Ch,ir-
m;n of tbe PCFD, rekased the
report of the: committee at a news
conference in Cbandigarb last
week. The enquiry committee
appointed by him consisted of
Mr Al i, Vice- Chairman,
PCFD, Mr D,S. Gill, Convener,
PCFD coordioation committee,
Lt. Col. Harblll' Singh Kahlon
and Sardar Gurdev Singb.
The. committee examined the
claims of the authorities tbat tbe
police had to swing into action
t o save tbe life of tbe Cbief
Minister, bis mini sterial collea'
gues and Akali leaders present on
tbe stage of tbe " art y's conference
from violent demonstrators of the
Damdami Taksal and tbe AII-
India Sikh Student. Federation
(AISSF). It also went into the
cbarge, of tbe Taksal and the
AISSF that the police fired in
discriminately at tbeir peace
ful procession proceeding to
tbe Akali Dal congregation
to voke their demands includ'
ing tbat for the release of
Bhai Mohkam Singh a spokes-
man of tbe Tak.al, arrelted a
day earlier while he was on way
to Anandpur Sabib.
The committee met represen
tatives of tbe government, tbe
TaksalAISSF combine and m?ny
others including managers of tbe
Takbt Sri Kesgarh Sabib, Sardar
Ajaib Singh. Nibang Baoa Pritam
Singh of Budha Dal, Bibi Avinasb
Kaur. vice'president, Istri Akali
Dal and several eye-witnesses.
Quoting eye-witnesse" the
committee's report said tbe
protestors were unarmed. How-
ever. about 15 persons carried
kirpans but were peaceful and
non-violent. "The police version
is a sbeet of concoction and is far
from reality. As a mltter of ract,
the police wanted to justify the
brutal killings by blaming tbe
youth", the committee Celt.
The committee found that the
allegation of the police about the
attempt of militants on tbe life
of the chief minister was false.
, "The bona fides of tbe authori-
ties are suspect in so Car as they
started indiscriminate firing
under tbe pretext of protecting
tb. chief minister . The tiring was
not only excessive but unjustified
considCTing all the circumstances
of the happenin,s".
Giving sequence of the event,;
the committee, depending on the
evidence of manager of Takht
Sri Kesgarh Sahib, .aid that after
arrest of Bbai Mohhm Singh,
Tbe AkaJi leaders, tbe com
mittee did convey tbe
message to the chief minister and
the latter asked tb,
leaders tbrougb Jathedar Mabalon
to meet bim at Chandigarb on
tbe morning of March 26. Two
AISSF nominees we nt to Chandi
garh but were sont hack on tbe
prete,t tbat Sardar Barnala was
reaching Anandpur Sahib at 10
a.m. Tbe represontatives
were told by the time the cbief
mini ster reached there tbat any
attempt to disrupt the conference
would be resisted by tbe govern
ment. According to Sardar Sarbjit
Singh, the federation was told
that the government had
"instructions from the Centre to
snub tbe youtb at Hola
Mahalia".
Tbe committee alleged tbat
tbe p )Iice started throwing tear
gas sbells on tbe giuhering at the
TaksalAISSF conference venue,
a little away from wbere tbe
Akali meet was being beld, as the
"Sikh masses" led. by Sardar
Kablon, Sardar Sarbjit Singh,
Mrs Bimal Kbalsa and fatber and
motber of Satwant Singh, an
21st April, 1986 '
make a living, 'pay their loans
and secure mocey for their inpnts
and macbinery ? They cannot
export these food grains to other
coIinfries witbout licence from
the centre.
In retaliat ion, Hindus can
stop sale' of coal;' oil arid so many
other commodities. Can the
Sikbsdo withoutihese tbings ?
. Sikbs 'outside' Punjab are
much more prosperous thaD their
brethrel!,. in tqe They would
be reluctant to move into Punjab
for \lleasure of it and start life
de novo. Even if all of tbem are
persuaded to migrate, how and
wher,e will they be ' accommodat-
ed ? "
Even a few thousand fa miJies
wbo migrated after Novembe;
1984riott,.had hard times adjust-
ing fa new life. They
were also a dr,;n on the limited
resources of tbe community.
Mass exodus would be a
calamity. It will not remove the
"sbackles -of Brabmin' Bania
rule". as Sardar Kah10n dreams
but will push Sikbs into a life of
want and misery.
alleged assassin of Mrs Indira
Gandbi, started moving towards
tbe Akali Dal conference. The
shells affected the police force
because of tbe flow of the wind
resulting in confusion. Later the
police opened fire twice,' first
from tbe SIde of tbe Akali Con-
ference and later from all direc-
tions except the Takht Sri Kes.
garh Sabib. The police did .not
resort to a lathicharge. The
firing which continued for 45
minutes was not justified by any
cannon of law. "All these killings
Were brutal murder of peop Ie by
tbe polIce for wblcb tbe state is
responsible".
The committee was of Ibe
view tbat the number of those
killed in tbe firing was more than
what tbe autborities claimed to
be. Seven persons who were
included tbe list of injured by
the autbontles IVere described as
unidentified and presumably had
dIed. The Taksal'AISSF activists
were also sai d to ba ve carried
away some .dead persons.
Insisting tbat tbe police
should not blve arrested Bbai
Mohkaen Singh, the committee
said it was inclined to believe
thac tbe state government had
taken Ibe action at the Hola
Mahalia "to please the Centre
and to prove its firmness dealing
with the militants" .
Justice Bains told neWimen
that the PCFD would probe tbe
death of Sardar Navdeep Singh,
an AISSF leader of Amritsar
in a police encounter. It would
also probe the Batala incidents.
He alleged that going by the
statemenl of Punjab DGP I .F.
Rebeiro on the billist of terror-
ists, the 'tate itself had become
a terrorist . This proved that there
was no rule of la,9\'.
THB "SPOKESMAN" WEBK.L Y

A THOUGHT FROM GURBANI 'f
If I but please the Lord, it would be my pilgrimaie bath. $
$ -Garu Nanak Dev II
___________ __ 1
"01. 3S
No. 34
abe Spolit.sman
Price:
'. Re.l{-
VERY POOR SHOW
The so-called Sarbat Khalsa, organised within the
Golden Temple complex on Baisakhi day was, by all
standJ.rds, a very poor show. Reasons were varied. Its
convener, Bhai Gurdev Singb, who calls himself as
"acting" Jathedar of Akal Takht, is considered by a vast
majority of devoted Sikhs as an usurper of the exalted
seat. Also the three organisations behind the convention
-Baba Joginder Singh's "united" Akal Dal, Damdami
Taksal and All-India Sikh Students Federation-are
riven by internal warfare, apart from sniping, with glee,
at one another. Each considers itself to be supreme,
subordinate to none other. AISSF is cleft into two-
Manjit Singh group and Harinder Singh Kahlon band-
each having different blckings; It is puerile to contend
tbat the police prevented people from reaching the holy
complex. It was a silent protest against the objects and
methods of the militants;
The resolutions passed betray brazen tempers,
immaturity and lack of sagacity. Vituperative language
is no substitute for sane argliment' which alone can
carry conviction with the masses. As expected, Barnala
ministry came in for heavy abuse; its members were
denounced as "traitors to the Panth". Not only minis-
ters but also all Akali MLAs were threatened with social
boycott and gherao in order to force them to resign, as
they had "failed to fulfill elections promises." But what
right have those, who made a clarion call to boycott the
assembly elections, to talk of such promises. No cate-
gorical commitment to Khalistan was made but the Sikh
masses were to "break the Brahmin-Bania
shackles of slavery and strive for the concept of Rlj
Karega Kbalsa". But no one botbered to clarify how
this goal is to be achieved and that will to eventual
sbape of the political entity.
Demand for full implementation of Anandpur
Sahib Resolution was reiterated, but little did they
realise that its portion about centre-state relations has
already been referred to tbe Sarkaria commission. When
this commission invited suggestions and clarifications,
no one from the above three organisations appeared
before it or submitted memoranda. Appeal to the United
Nations Secretary-General to constitute a special court
to try all those responsible for "conspiring to annihilate
the Sikh community and destroy its culture, religion,
history and symbols" is likely to be ignored, as the
world body cannot interfere in the internal affairs of a
country.
Most significant is the convention's stance on
SGPC. Its members have been asked to resign since
"their term has expired." Sikhs have been told [0 for-
ward to the "Panthic Committee" a panel of names from
various SGPC constituencies so that a new SGPC can
be formed. This supreme religious body is elected by
Sikh voters in three states of Punjab, Haryana and
Himachal Pradesh and union territory of Cbandigarh.
How can a few hand-picked persons equal the colIective
will of the community? Is this not an indirect move to
capture the funds and platforms of gurdwaras by the
backdoor?
3
2 i SlA pril. 1986
The Khalsa Cult and its
Symbol-cum-Discipline
By : Lt. Col. Gutebarao Singb (Retd)
All the baptised Sikhs are
required to keep the hair of their
head and the beard unshorn.
Uncut hair are a mark of hoi i-
n.ss: all the prophets, founders
of great religions. rlsMs, mllnis,
etc. have worn long hair. The
Guru wanted man to stay as
nature had produced him-.
cOlLplete man; that is " .. bat
sura! dastar sira,"' meaning
feet appearance with a tarban
011. This is nature's lIrinciple that
hair arc grown where it was
considered necessary-naturally
females do not have beards.
IINature does not err
u
and the
keeping of long hair "is an indi-
cation of living in harmony with
the will of God." Unlike Hindu-
ism where the sacred thread
(janeu) i. permitted to be worn
by only a selected classes, women
are not included in it, in Sikhism
anyone adopting the creed is
obliged to keep unshorn hair.
irrespective of the caste he may
have belonged earlier, and sex.
In various religions other than
Sikhism, their follow:r. shave off
as a sign of renunciation of the
worldly life, e.g. among Hindus
and Roman Oalholics. In Sikhism,
on the contrary, grahisl (married
life) is considered sublime;
renunciation is not preached.
Thus, even from this angle keep-
ing of long hair by Sikhs i,
oblig,tory. Sh.ving off one's
head jg also considered omionus,
as, in certain religions. it is resar
ted to by widows. Among the
Afghans, in olden days, shaving
off one's beard was considered
worst than death. The Sikhs,
also. perfer death to shave off
their hair. The ca,e of Bhai Taro
Singh is one such example. To
"shave off his hair," writes
Kapur Singh, "is to simulate the
sterililY of an aged, bald, decay-
ed man, who is no a link
in the chain of the geoerative
activity, which is the world."
And to catch any person by his
hair is considered dishonourable.
Manu says: "Even should a man
be in wrath, let h.im never seize
another by the hair When a
brahmin commits an offenco for
which the members of other
castes are liable to death, let his
hair be shaved off as sufficient
punishment. "
Prof. Puran Singh considers
that "The lightning spark is
concealed in the .... 001 of the
wandering cloud in the sky and
the life spark of tbe Guru i.
hidden io this sheaf of hair." To
the American Sikhs, "The hair is
a conductor for energy and the
brain is a store-house of energy;
by keeping the hair up and cover-
ing the head, .this energy is kept
contained." Socially, a Sikh with
unshorn hair feels ashamed or
begging. For tbis reasoD, when-
during the 1947 holocaust they
were uprooted from their ances-
tr.! lands in Pakistan and driven
to India no one f<ll so low as to
beg for his living. Similarly. a
Sikh chewing a pan or smoking.
looks ugly.
Above all, it is the Guru',
holy ord<r to keep tbe hail"
unshorn and cover these with a
turban. This gives a Sikh d.stinc
tiveness and an identity that can-
not be concealed anywbere, in
aDY gathering howsoever large it
may be. "This separate identity
inculcates courage and firmness ...
Fosters a sense of loyalty and
steadfastness." It is the first
token of the Sikh faith, a pledge
of dedication to the Guru. It is
an insignia, a standard. a flag of
the fraternity of the Khalsa, and
is the most important of all the
kakkas. Dhai Nand Lal, a ireat
scholar at the darbar of Guru
Gobind Singh, writes tbat with-
out five kakkas no Sikb is a Sikh;
and without hair unshorn tbe
other four put together are of
little significmce.
The bearded Sikh with a.
turban. in the western mind
become the prototype of an
Indian. writes Rober Trumbell,
"probably becauso Sikbs have
travelled almost everywhere and
are recognisable at once as Com-
ing from India. Actmlly. tbey are'
a tiny minority; there are at least
half again as many Chri,tians in
Indian a. there are Sikhs, but tbe
latter, by tbeir ability and indus-
try. have made themselves promi-
nent and powerful in Indian life.
Besides, their appearance malce&
them conspicuous, in India no
less than abroad." Because of
their "there is a
general tenden"y to multiply the
acts, good or bad, of a Sikh hy
all the members of the commu-
nity. If a few non-Sikh. are
notorious for their bad deeds
they are not called Hindu 01'
Christian evil-doers, but evil
of, say 'X' Singh or 'Y' Singh are
announced as the acts of Sikhs
and not as those of 'X' or 'Y.
This is also true of go()d acts."
These days many Sikhs have
started discarding their hair on
very flimsy grounds such as IOcum-
berane<, waste of time and so on.
The most common excuse put
forw. rd is tb. t a doctor has
recommended it, which;s untrue
in most of the cases. Such people
are not true to their faith, are'
not loyal to their Guru. Gunk .
Gobind Sing bas said:
He alone is my Sikh wbo lives:
according to the rules gf the
Khalsa;
T i' E "S!'OKFSMAN" WBBKLY
He is my owrlDrd and I am
his disciple,
A"d as regards the modem
women) Puran SiDgh says that
she has "lost most of ber soul
by shingling her hair and putting
an odoro:.ls reed in her rose-bud-
like li ps .
The hair i3 a sign of self-
res Dect and matu.ritv. lu this
c0r: i<ection here is an anecdote
narratod by ("apt. Bhag Singh:
During the '\v.:>rl d Two, on
the North Afric. front, in order
to prevent soldiers from going to
red-l ight sp:o cial official
broth:lo were opened in Cairo
(Egypt). Here prophylactic treat-
ment was provided for to protect
the soldier from tbe V.D. On
seeing a long queue of Indian
soldiers at one ,uch brothel, the
Captain's friend Bertie Gordon,
a Jews, asked him-
"Mr. Singb, I doo' t s<e any
Sikh soldier here. Do the
Sikhs have a separate bro-
thel1
"No 1" replied <::apt. Bhag
Singh. "A Sikh is conspicu-
ous because of his beard
and turban and 80 (does not
like to be seen at such a
place."
A fter a pause his friend said:
"i understand wby your
prophet ordained the wear-
ing of the long hair."
When someone argued that
Sikhism would flourish if
keeping long hair was made
optional, Prof. Puran Singh said
"how foolish it would be to
preach a leligion and to demand
whole herds on compromised
principles I" He further said that
"Takhg away the Sikh's hair is
to cut him off from his intensely
reactive inspiralioD which has
been so far a source of strength
to the Hindu also. Tbe disap-
pearance of the Sikh as such
meaDS the loss of a great national
as'et of power and inspiration
for Hindu himself." " Therefore",
Gurrn:lkh Nihal Singh,
" tb. :: ;-e u0es ililt appear to be any
doubt that selfrealisatioo is
po!)si ble witllOut keeping long
hair and rcc, i ving the Si kh
baptism. But what may not be
aboye doubt is the continuance of
Sikh culture and tradition of
sacrifice and service and undaunt-
ed courage, bravery and qualities
of leadership ",sociated with the
great name of the Khalsa, without
the baptism of the sword and
observing the forms, symbols and
discipline of an Amrildharl Sikh.
My personal view is that, in this
age of communal bigotry and
rivalry, particularly, forms and
symbols are necessary for all that
is va luable in Sikh history, tradi-
tion and culture.
Kanga (comb)
This has relalionship with bair
and is used for keeping the hair
neat and clean. The combing of
hair is required to be done tw;ce
daily. cEvery Sikh, w bether man
or woman, is required to keep a
separate comb of his/her own. It
should be tugged in one's hoir
so that it is readily available
wheu needed. pygienically too it
is a good practice, it orevents
head or hair diseases from
spreading to otbers.
The practice of regularly
combing of hair inculcates in an
individual the quality of devotion,
steadfa9lness and persevesence.
The Lacedaemonians (Spartans)
always "adorned their hair before
risking their lives", in the fashion
of their forefathers.
When the Persians under Xerxes
attacked Greece and arrived at
Hot Gates, preparing 10 atrack,
the Spartans were busy combing
tbeir long hair. The Great King,
on learning about . it laugbed at
this . He asked for an explanation
from the deposed Lacedaemopian
king Demaratus. The latter
answered " with due deference but
with Spartan stubborness, that
'these men are coroe to flight
with uS for the passage, and for
tbat they are preparing".
Kara (steel bangle)
The steel bangle is worn on
the right wrist. It is a symbol of
restraint and reminds the wearer
that the hand is to be used in
righteousness . To Teja Singh, it
isua sign of sternness and cons-
traint". Prof. Puran Singh writes
that "when r toss my arm up in
the air and the iron ring shines,
I am reminded of His wrist that
wore it-one exactly like this. In
this arm, by some stray gleam of
the iron ring on my wrist, His?"
And to Duncan Greenless, a Kara
is an uindication of courage on a
'steel fist' ,. .
Kara, like the bride'. ivory
bangles (choora), is a sign of
solwg (married life), as in Sikh-
ism, the relationship between
God and tbe man is considered
to be like the one between a
husband and wife. Thus one wed-
ded to the Almigbty never
becomes widow - is always a
sohagan.
It also signifies a complete,
unbroken circle symbolising,
according to Mrs. Wylam, "the
unbroken continuity of exis-
tence". And because of its being
without a beginning or an end,
writea Kapur Singh, a Sikh must
"aim to be, with whole creator,
as the objective of his compas-
sion and activities". It is a
symbol of determination, strict
discipline and a constant remin-
der of a Sikb's dedication to the
woes taken at the time of taking
pahul. Then, iron is a common
taboo against evil spirits; it is
suppostd to protect bumans
against all spells the world over.
Guru Gobind Singh has
applied the of pure steel
to God. He says that he had tbe
4
protection of the all steol. Tbese
days karas made of gold have
come into vogue-it is a fashion;
whereas a steel kara is Guru's
injunction.
Kacbba (underwear)
A p,ir of shorts, an active
dress and also to cover the
nudity. Symbolically, writes
N. Ray, it stands "in
unbridl ed sexual indulgence on
the one hand and continence on
the other".
Kirpan
Guru Gobind Singh included
kirpan (sword) as the fiftb kakka
and made it obligatory for every
baptised Sikb to be armed with
it. This weapon is a symbol of
dignity, of freedom, of "self-
respect embodied in the right
(for all Sikhs) to bear arms". It
also sym bolises bravery, devotion
and self sacrifice Guru Gobind
Singh "withdrew his followers
frOiD that undivided attention
which their fathers had given to
the plough, the loom and the
pen, and be urged tbem to regard
tbe sword as their. principal stay
in world". Guru Gobi nd Singb
says: " 0 ye m;sguided people the
true goddess is tbis. This can
work ",;rocles. This will end your
mi.eries. This will give you
power and liberty in your ' land
peace in your - homes. Come,
therefore, and be its de.votee".
He addressed the sIVJrd as
under :-
Thou art the subduer of king-
doms, tbe destroyer of the
armies of tbe wicked,
In the baale field thou ador-
nest the brave.
Thy arm is infrangible, Thy
brighteness refulgent,
Thy radiance and splendour
dazzle like the sun.
Thou bestowest happiness on
the good;
Thou terrifiest the evil, thou
scatterest sinners.
I seek thy protection.
Hali ; l,ail to the creator of the
worid,
The saviour of Creation, my
cberisher.
Hai: to thee, 0 sword!
A weapOD of bOih offence and
defence, a kirpan is mainly for
self-defence fer destroying evil
and tbe oppressor, and to bring
solace to tbc oppressed. It is not
a charm to be tied at the turban-
ends or fixed on a kan gao It is a
weapon of "open combat govern-
ed by ethical principles whereas
dagger is associated with secret
attack, or sudden defence oppos-
ed to it' . Thus, the Sikh way of
life is governed by etbic,. The
kirpan has never been used for
the spread of Sikhism; Dot even
when tbe Khalsa was all powerful
in the Puujab. Even to-day, to
honour a person he is presented
with a sword. a ceremony with
universal recognition. And in the
Sikh ",das (prayers) Bhagauti, i.e.
sword is mentioned fi"t of all.
21st April, 1986
Prof. Puran Singh says tbat
"Kirpan is a gift from the Guru".
He further .ads tbat "It i. mind
made intense by the love of the
Guru The Sikh is to have a sword-
like mind". He further empha-
siEOs lhat it is "the symbol orthe
myriad personality of the Guru's
Sikh, that knows no defeat, no
disappointment, the personality
tbat is unconquerable in its
hope, in its spiritual
radiance" . ODe who wears Guru's
sword becomes OI a spontaneoos
man fuily grown in His Spirit".
" In the atomic age"J writes
K.V, Adv.ni , "Guru Gobind
Singh ji' s message of taking
recourse to sword to mitigate
human misery. is not out of tune.
The brute in man is getting still
\'\Iorse. There js only recipe ... wise
and discreet use of sword ... as
sword is the protector of saints,
scour age of the wicked . . .. as
shown in the Bachittar Notak",
writes Prof. Puran
Singh. "are not the symbols of
a reJigi on, nOE essential rites of
any religious discipl ine. Theyare
the signs of our being 'wedded
wo:nen'. They are tbe wedding
gifts frorn tbe Bridegroom. He
gave all tbese to us, and they are
sacred. Superstitions 1 Yes. But
which love hatb not and where at
all hath love not ' its own supers-
titions 7"
This uniform not only freed
the Si khs c-ompletely from Hindu-
iim, but also infused a new life
in them with exemplary character
and undying spirit for the service
of the community and country.
Since a Sikh is under the "love-
shackles" of his Guru he cannot
misuse his weapon, his body or
mind. Tbe Kbalsa, as says Guru
Gobind Singh, is God's own
contingent, i. the copy of Him
who resides in it and so long as
it remains independent, free from
the Brahminical influeoce, the
Guru's everything belongs to tbe
Khalsa. But when he follows the
BrahiDinical way of life Kbalsa
loses tbe trust of his Guru.
Religion is a personal affair
so far as its selection is concern-
ed. But once one has become a
member of a faith, his /her actions
refle ct not only on the indiVidual
but ou the whole community, e.g.
a Sikh has done this. Under a
country's law, a lawbreaker is
liable to punishment. Similarly,
societies take action against any
of their members who violates
rules. So, a person
disregarding commands of his /
her religion/is equally deserving
of punishment. Regimentation i8
essential to impose and maintain
discipline in a society. For exam-
ple, traffic control is imposed in
ord" to bring orderliness and
avoid accidents ; it in no way is
the infringement of one' s indepen-
dence or liberty . Therefore, one
must adbers to the tenets of one's
faith.
THE "SPOKESMAN" WEEKLY
. ilst April, 1986
'In Punjab, national stakes
are very high'
'The of tbe trouble are botb poUtical and economic'
Tbe is tbe text of tbe speech delivered by Sardar
Surjit Singb Barnala, cbief minister of Punjab, at the
meeting of the National Integration Council beld in New
I)elbi recently;
I intend to speak straight
from the heart. To an average
Punjabi, the unity and integrity
of India is not the subject of
empty ritual or hollow rehetoric.
Nor is communal amity a mere
slogan to be paid lip service to.
These are Ihe existential issues
forcing bold choices and demand-
ing high acts of statesmanship on
the part of those on wbom tbe
resp6nsibility to lead and decide
had devolved. For us, national
unity is a creed.. a commitment
and a source of pride. It derives
from our "perience and that,
perhaps, is why soine of us react
with some annoyance at being
asked constantly 10 reaffirm our
to nationalism.
The period between the sign-
ing of the memorandum of settle-
ment and its implementation is a
very sensitive pbase, for suspic
ions and mistrust still lurk. At
times, these bave taken violelit
forms. A section of tbe press and
some leaders of public opinion
often, either mistakenly or other-
wise, asserl that tbe implementa-
tion of Ibe memorandum bas
nothing to do with peace in
Punjab, since tbose ' committilig
violence in the .tate do not even
the accord. This is a
surprisinaly naive argument. The
accord was signed not (to please
or appease the terrorists but to
isolate them and any setback to
the accord is ba.ically a setback
Some leaders of public opinion often assert
that the implementation of the memorandum has
nothing to do with peace in Punjab, since those
committing violence in the state do not even
recognise the accord. The accord was signed not
to please or appease terrorists, but to isolate them
and any setback to the accord is basically a
setback to this process,
But there are general issues
on whicb, I think, we need to
create a ne w national awareness.
One of tbese is our intolerance
of ideas and opinions different
from tbose we cberisb.
Someti mes, national opinion
is so worked up by illinfromed
reports that ev.ry difference of
opinion is regarded as seditious
and religious separateness is
confused witb separatism.. In
tbe end, "unity" gets confused
with totally lifeless and undemo-
cratic uniformity. As Dr S.
Radhakrisbnan used to say,
"What India needs is harmony,
not uniformity." We bave opted
for a vibrant and open socio-
political set-up, in line with the
glorious traditions of our coun-
try. Sometimes, we are less than
fair to our own convictions about
our democratic option.
to. this process. If the accord IS
not Iinked with peace, what is it
linked with?
My government is not trealing
violence in Punjab as a super-
ficial phenomenon and it cannot
have superficial remedies. A
comprehensive political and
administrative strategy has been
evolved by us to end the very
roots of this violence. While tbe
state governinent is determined
to deal firmly with those trying
to talce law into their own hand.,
we need tbe support of the entire
country in improving the politi-
cal climilte of tbe state. In
Punjab, We are fighting the battle
for the wbole coilntry. The
nation hao a vested iilterest in a
strong, prosperous and peaceful
Punjab. His in this light that our
plea for a bold political initiative
to end the agony of previous
years must be understood.
Unfortunately, an essentially
issue in Punjab
sometImes assumes a communal
colour. What is worse, some so-
called community ieaders sud-
denly appear ou lhe seene to
justify theun .. ise of mein-
bet'll of their own 6l1lli1uBiries.
Collilililbali.m is iii fact . jilst
perverse religion, and we ha'Ve
witnessed various forms of in
the country. There can indeed 'be
no justification for any com-
munalisin. To describe ihe cOm-
munlism of members 'of one's
own community as a' "backlash"
is indeed to evad'c the issue by
indulging iii a petverse logic.
There cali b. lio ,Uib'is for com-
munal behaviour. enligb-
tened people stand tip to con-
demn the communnlism of
members of their own sects, We
will not get very far in solving
the issue. Iii Punjab, tbe .trongest
indictment of mindless violence
has come from my , own party.
UnfortuuatelY, leaders 01 public
opinion from other communities
have never been specific in con-
demning the activities of some
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other communal organisations_
This creates problems for us .
It pains me to say that our
decision to release innocent
youtbs nas been grossly mis-
understood. We bave evidence t6
show that, ex-cept on. or two,
nOne of those released by us took
part in violent acts after tbeir
release. On the contrary, some of
those released themselves fe'll
victim to violence. But national
is so misinformed by a
sectIOn of the press that everyone
believes tb.t people roleal<ed by
US bave gone on a wailton kiUing
'pree .
Onthe otber hand, if we took
so me steps to rehabilitate the
victims of tbe events of tbepast
few years, we also .. ent out ot
our way to help the vicUins of
terrori.t violeDce. We bave
already spent over Rs 5 croies in
tbe direction and have annoWlC-
ed another .package of relief for
them. The victims 'of terrorist
crime are beio,g e"tended the
.aine facilities a. are being. given
to the vicHms of anti-Sikh riots
of November, 1984.
Ih Punjab, stakes Me
very high. The causes of
ate both political and economic.
A new awakening on Punjab , is
called for. The country needs lEt
understand Punjab much htiler
than it does now. Punjab's ilitert- .
sts are identical with those of th.,
country. So is our de.tiny. A
common destiny beckons u. to
rise above our narrow political
consideration . I have no doubt
that every Indian will bearken to
this de.liny. A. ever, WI in
Puniab wiH be the first to do so.
In Punjah. the past four or
five years have admittedly been
critical. We always held that the
problem there is essenti ally not
one of law and order, although
its manifestations certainly
acquire a law and order dimen
sion. The nucleus of the crisis is
political. The Prime Minister,
Shri Rajiv Gandhi, fully appre-
ciated our perception of the
problem and, in the Punjab
accord, took a major politi"".)
initiative to solve tbe tangle in a
truly democratic manner. '

I
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1 HE "SPOKESMAN" WEEKLY 6 21st April, 1986
The, nucleus oof Punjab crisis is political
New awakening on Punjab is called for
Revival of terrorism some-
time after the popular govern-
ment of Sardar Barnala ca me
into being has posed . a grave
danger for the state and the
country. There was a fervent
hope tbat extremism will end
after the installatiou of a popular
ministry, But what we find i,
that the situation has been
deteriorating , day by day, inspite
of the Centre's fuli support and
intensification of para-military
forces in the state. There is an
Urdu couplet Marz badta gia jun
jun dwa kie (tbe disea.e continued
aggravatmg with every addition
in the treatment). Since a few
days it has taken on horrendous
and unprecedented dimensions,
In order to undersland the
situation and find out the truth
w'e need to analytically examine
the 'broad but tragic events of the
last aboilt four years. Then only
we can ilnderstand and grasp the
root cause of the revivai of tbe
terrorism. The Akali Morcba was
launched somewbere in August,
1982 and till the end of 1 it
was quite peaceful. Many a time
political leaders, wbicb count,
had approached for geuin, the
Punjab tsngle resolved and as
per the of
Harkisban Smgh Sur)eet dectstons
were taken as many as three
times, but each time unfortunate-
ly the late Prime Minister Mrs,
Gandhi had backed out. Ultimate-
ly she bad decided to take resort
to Blues,tar and tbe
Army bad stormed the Golden
Temp!e, besides other about 38
'historical gurudwaras in Punjab.
0:0 seversl occasions prior to
this tragi c event Sant Longowal
had natf"d in 'categorical term
us make it clear once and
for all that the Sikhs have no
designs to away from India
in any manner. What tbey simply
want is that they should be allow-
ed to live witbin India as Sikbs,
free froro all direct and indirect
interference and tampering with
their religious way of life" Tbe
Sant had openly stated tbat he
bad never demanded secession.
In a pampblet sent to mem-
bers of Parliament Sant Longowal
had etplained the Akali stand
and stated "India is multi-
lir.gual, multi-religious and multi-
national land. In such a land a
microscopic minority like the
Sikhs , has genuine forebodings,
tbat like Buddhism and Jainism
earlier, they may also lose their
identity in the vast ocean of the
overwhelming majority of
Hindus". He had also cautioned
the Centre that if the matter
By : Sardar G.S. Chadha, Advocate
regarding their cbarter of
demand, lVas postponed iudefi-
nitely it ma y ,bift into the bands
of hardliners, i.e" Bbindran-
wala's group. Since no decision
was taken by tbe Centre, this
hardliner Sant started tbe game
of extremism so as to put press'
nrc on tbe government, t hough
in his bit list many Sikhs, being
responsible for bumiliating and
torturing the Sanfs men, were
also included,
, During the Bluestar Opera-
tion besides tbe Sant and bis
colleagues thousimds of innocent
perso]!s, wbo bad assemble,d there
to celebrate tbe auspicious occa-
sion 9f Gurpurh, were gun]!ed
down ,or ;labbed. Some of tbem'
are still in Jodbpur Sail and for
their honourable release there is
an acute resentment among the
Sikh youths. Tbey are angry
with tbe Barnala ' Government,
since it could ' not successfully
prevail upon the Centre to rel ease
tbose detenus. It will not be out
of place to mention ' here tbat
Centre's weak policy of not
implementing tbe Punjab Accord
has emboldened the Sikh youths,
wbo ,are categorized as extre-
mists, and terribly weakened the
position of Sardar BarDala.
, Because of the tragic events
both in the pre-Bluestar and post-
Bluestar periods tbat tbe Sikbs
felt alienated and their psycbe
was badly wounded. As eminent
politician and M.P.(BJP) Shri
laswant Singh bad stated-
, "It is a part of tbe very
central core of tbe Sikh being. It
is not jo,\ an edifice or a collec-
tion of buildings. Every stone
there is tbe brick',vork of tbe
Sikb history itself. Tbe rest of u.
Indians are unable to view it in
that light and see it only _ as
having become a seat of the
terrorist botb saddens and frigh-
tens me, Why blame the Sikhs
alone as an Indian I should bave
been equally revolted by its
earlier defilement; by political
machinations of the most objec-
tionable kind of self-interest,
predominating over tbe interest
of our peop!,e as a wbole. That
we still do not do so is our
collective failure, not tbat of the
Sikhs alone" ... Surely tbere is
sometbing gravely wrong with
the Hindus if they do not feel
shocked and bewildered with
wbat bappened in tbe Golden
Temple. I do very strongly feel
tbat this is ODe occasion wbich
perhaps best examplifies the
phrase 'Physician heel thyself'. '
Let us stop and reffect for II
moment on tbis businesl of beal-
ing toucb. How con those very Again she has commen ted:
hands that are blooded now "Sikbs being dragged out of
undertake such a task? (Indian their vehides, trains, houses
Express dated 3-7-84). and ,et on fire, is not a riot.
Post Bluestar Period Tbese killers are roaming free.
The first crack-down was tbe I f there is a law for Sikbs,
combing operation launcbed by wby is it not imposed on
tbe armed forces, wberein tbey Hindus? Tbis is a valid ques-
had tortured, hilmiliated and tion and no one bas yet
eliminated tbe Sikh youtb indi,- answered it because the killen
criminately. Being afraid of bigb- are indeed roaming free".
banded atrocities of the arined 'There is every reason to
(orces in Punjab villages most of Believe tbat reprisal Could
the youth who could survive, bad have been prevented and
escaped across tbe border, wb'ere scores of innocent lives saved
as alleged tbey had left with no if these criminals had been
option but allow themselves to stripped of officiai patronage
be subdued by tbe authorities of and brought to ju.tice".
that country. By now it has a'!so Sikh Faith Attacked
come In the press that such
migrated youth was trained in Here it would be quite perti-
Pakistan sent back to India from nent tei mention that ' symbols,
time to time to create trouble wbether religious or secular, bave
and destabilize the administration a' deep spiritual life of tbeir own
of Punjab state. which no pow"r may s)lbvert ' or
Post-Assassination Period desecrate without causing great
Mrs Gandhi was assassi)lated anguish aDd revulsion. Why a
unfortunately by two of ber own piece of masonry, a relic, a Icroll
body' guards who bappened to be or a flag gets invested with
Sikhs, on 31st October, 1984. emotion and sentiment is difficult
to explain or justify in terms of
That was the time of calamity for teason, but tbe fact remains tbat
the wbole Sikh community.
Tbousands of Sikhs at Delhi and any insult to it Can unleash dark
various otber parts of tbe country energies. It is most unfortunate
were brutally massacred and their ' ' wben tlVO communities indulge
in this kind of violation or
properties were .. t on fire. Inno- desecration _ the burning cf Sikh
cent Sikb men, women and child- scriptures and temples or tbe
ren were dragged out of their
houses, buses, and trains, merci- planting of tbo ,evered beads of
lessly beaten and burnt alive by cows in Hindu places of worship,
mobs (Hindus). Most of the but when tbe police administra-
widows who filed affidavits tion becomes a party to this kind
before tbe Jll Itice Misra Commis- of vaudalism out of its own fai-
sian bad duly identified the lure tbe issue assumes prodigious
killers of their husbands and proportions. There was a reliable
information tbat weapons were
children during tbe anti-Sikh taken inside the Golden Temple.
riots. In fact the use oftbe word
"fiat is a misnomer". But bow? The explanation waR
tbat they were carried , in the
Nayantar. Sebgal'. comments
in her article in the /fzdian Express trucks ration. But a ,. uestion
may anse as to who allowed
captioned "Learning to love each
other") is worth noting. They their entry without search. It
must bave been done under the
are as under:-
instruction of bigher authorities.
"Some newspaper headlines T - d -
go out of their way to 'pot- erronsm aD Its tackling
light the Sikh community, a8 Terrorism is reprehensible,
in "Sit Sikbs held for whetber resorted to by desperate
assault", whereas we do not individuals. organized groups ' or
see 'Hindu bousebreaker by tbe state. When "black laws"
arrested' or 'Gang of Muslim (a term used by some jurists) are
tbieves beld'. Another Sikh to. terrorize a commuuity
reader points out tbat tbe Into submiSSion, and tbe macbi-
November 1984 massacre of nery of oppression is given a free
the Sikhs has been mistakenly hand it creates conditions for
called riots. A riot, be says, spreading terrorism.
is a battIe between ' more or There is no more a dangerouB
less evenly matched communi- person than the one who bas been
ties. 'A Sikh running witb humiliated, bunted down, tortur-
his turban under his arm and ed and then punisbed for a crime
hundreds of Hindu running he has had not committed. Such
after him with iron rods i. a person is' brutalized in the
not a riot". process and if be bappens to be
TfIB "SPOKESMAN" WBBKllY
in the prime of his }outh, the
route to terrori ze opens up, and
the passage is swift and inexora-
ble. It is most probably due to
burt feelings of a youth with a
deep anguish, besides the sense of
rescue from army men', atr6ci-
ties during the combing opera-
:tions.
Sucb youths, who had escaped
lto Pakistan had fallen an 'easy
prey for exploitation by that
conn try . They were then trained
militarily there and sent to
Punjab from time to time to
create tronbles and destsbilis.
the government. The nnmber of
such terrorists is very small, but
they believe in the idealogy of
'do or die' . There is a belief with
some people that some of the
terrorists recently arrested are
ones who were released uncondi-
tionall y loon after the Bamala
Goveroment took Over.
This notion is not fully cor-
reot, because the clearance was
given by the Bains Commission
.after fully screening and as aUeged
by Sardar Barnala a very few
{If them had mixed np with
terrorists. Some of them had to
that group under compnl-
s.on. as tbey could not procure
employment and start their lives
afresh. Hence this is not purely
a law ana order problem, b:lt
it is mainly a polit ical ' and
economic problem.
Terrorism is not confined to
Punjab only, thougb for every
.whether trifling or . big,
ctlme IS associated with a Sikh
by the media. It is a fact that
even under the ordinary circums-
tances two to tbree murders per
day for a state like Punjab is not
somethi ng uoexpected and should
not a worry. Even if people
commlt such heInOUS crimes out
of revenge the media treats them '
as acts of terrori,ts. What about
states like U.P., Bihar Gujrat
and Tripura etc, where' the rate
of murders is far more than tbat
of Punjab but it is causing no
anx.ety. In fact. remedy should
prescribed after diagnosing the
d.sease properly. The solution of
the problem can not be secured
by always beating a drum of
batred against a particular com-
munity.
In. a democracy if bealthy
trad.tlOns are to be restored it is
imperative to create an
pbere of communal harmony. H
IS most nnfortunate that instead
of promoting peace more cleava-
ges and divisions are being
created between two communities
in Punjab. Every action is follow-
ed by its reaction. Outwardly
leaders of political parties, which
connt, raise loud slogans of nnity
and integrity, but in actual prac-
tice none is lagging behind in
arousing feelings of batred
overtly or covertly and Whether
it is Pnnjab or ontside for even a
triHing matter where a difference
{lccnrs in any business dealing
. between a Sikh and a Hindu it
turns into a scume and then a
communal clasb. Both the parties
comforably forget their cordial
relations of the past and cen-
turies old fraternity is crushed
into pieces. Thus political neta.
(leaders) are out to make fool of
us, as they are mainly interested
in their political games. In yonr
practical experience yon mnst
have noticed that sometimes
smaIl issues of today become
major problems of tomorrow.
Had Mrs. Gandhi decided the old
demands of Sikhs grievances
without indefinitely pOSlponing
those problems would have cer-
tainly not taken such a serious
and horrible turn. and the
situaion is Punjab wonld have
been entirely different.
Role of press and the
discrimination with Sikhs
Some responsible political
leaders hold an opinion that
there is DO discrimination shown
to Sikbs, as Sikhs are prosperous
in every Dook and corner of the
conntry. Sikhs by and large have
never believed .in "KhaHstan".
People know fu1Jy well whose crea-
tion was Sant Bhinderanwala and
who had brought Dal Khalsa into
e.istence. I need not disclose the
promoters' names here. The
media in India has done a great
injustice to the Sikhs by black-
painting their image which was
hitherto glorified with innnmera-
ble sacrifices rendered for tbe
7
canse of ' the freedom' of the
conntry. It is considered to
recapitnlate the st atistics by the
following data: - (during the
freedom movement, before parti-
tion)
215t April. 1986
ment sbould be supported by all
political panies, irrespective of
their ideologies. This was a very
appropriate decision. However a
very tough task is ahead of
Sardar Barnala. in as much as, if
Nature of punishment
Total Sikhs perceotage
Persons hanged
121 93 78%
Life imprisonment
2646 2197 81 %
Massacre of Jallianwala Bagh
1300 799 61 %
Budge Budge Ghat
113 67 60%
Kuka movement
91 91 100%.
---- ---- ----
Total 4271 3247 76%.
The holy scriptures (Guru
Granth Sahib) has condemned
terrorism of any soct. Guru Tegh
Bahadur (Ninth Guru), was a
saviour of Hindns and a martyr'
for the cause of the nation. One
of his semons is ' " Beh kahu ko
det neh, neb Beh manat aan"
(yon shonld neither terrorise any
body,'nor you should feel frigh-
tened from any terror). A true
Sikh of the Guru can never kill
any innocent person. People who
are indnlging in senseless crime.
must be doing so under some
instigation of foreign elements
and snch people can not be called
true Sikhs. That is why such
persons are being condemned by
aU right thinking people.
This serious problem was
debated by the National Integra-
tion Council held on 7th April at
Delhi and it was decided by
consensus that Barnala's Govern-
he take. any drastic step to flnsh
out the activists of AlSSF and
Damdami Taksal he would be
running the risk of rift in hi.
party. The group of Sardar Badal
and Sardar Tohra are likely to
oppose Sardar Barnala on this
grave issue.
Moreover, the so called extre-
mists bave a logical ground to
occnpy a small portion of the
Temple and complex's premises
for carrying out Kar-seva being
condncted by a committee of five
members. Thus, this . unexpected
and tedious situation has posed a
grave problem for Sardar
Barnala, Further, had Sardar
Badal joined the cabinet,
Barnala', goveromemt would
have surely accomplished more
and viable stabilished !I:ore and
viable stability. There is a contest
for number-2 position between
Sardar Bal want Singh and Sardar
Parkash Singh Badal. None has
yielded so far, whleh is most
unfortunte, It seems that none is
prepared to do some sacrifice for
the cause of the country and the
Punjab state.
Some Suggestions
1. It is being repeatedly averr-
ed by the authorities that 9 ont of
the 11 clanses "of the Accord"
have been implemented, but those
clauses have not been olarified.
One of them pertains to Justice
Misra Commission' enquiry into
anti-Sikh riots. Unless the cul-
prit', who are roaming freely and
fearlessly, are brought to book
and punished there cannot be
peace,in the minds of the victims.
If thIS deep-rooled anguish is
allowedto persist for any inde-
limte time peace can not be
restored.
2. Chandigarh should be
handed over to Punjab immedia-
tly.
3. Detenus in Jodhpur jail or
elsewhere against whom no case
is established should be reieased
forthwith. Ri,hts of minorities
(Sikhs) should be fully protected
and confidence in their security
ontside Punjab should be restor-
ed, so that mass scale migration
to Punjab is stopped.
4. More avennes of employ-
ment for the yonth Punjab
should be opened . .
THE "SPOKESMAN" WEEKLY
Improvement on PUnjab trlmt, says report
Just two days after the National Integration CouDcil discussed
the unusual spurt in terrorist viQlence in Punjab in an emergency
Be,sion, the annu.l report of the Union Home Ministry says that
"the law and order situation showed an improvement with the sIgn-
ing of the Punjab and Assam accords and the holding of elections;
free of violence, in both these States."
The annual reports of Central Ministers, released when the
respective budgetary demands are due to be discussed in tbe
Lok Sabha, are supposed to cover the outgoing financial year. The
8
Heme Ministry's report, made available now, tbus relates to tbe
period, April \. 1985 to Marcb 31,1986.
Going by the realities on the ground, the year ended on a
disturbing note. An official document prepared for NIC meeting did
not mince words about the Punjab situation. "The situation in
Punjab," it said, "poses a grave challenge whi ch has to. be met at a.II '
levels through a multi-pronged effort. ThIs casts a speCIal responsl,
bility on leaders of all political parties. It is felt that terrorism-at:
present being indulged in by a sm.1l number of misguided
po,es a serious challenge to communal harmony and relIgIOU.
tolerance. If such activities escalate, it is likely to threaten the law'
and order structure."
On this Baisakhi Day. 181 us sow
harmony Be reap peace.

Let the seed of brotherhood blossom
into the flower of peace and prosperity
and 'brlng forth the harvest of unity .
. Let us aU fight the blight of
subversion and j oin hearts and minds
in a bond of love. ; ,
..0.
--
--
PU8UC

PUNJAB
Bring back the song and dance
. Peace and prosperity to Pw1jab
-
THI! "SPOKESMAN" WEEKLY
LeJ-ters to

, the Editor '
Terrorism in Punjab
Sir, -The killings of innoce.nt
'persons deserve to be condemned
in strongest terms. The heart
bleeds to read the headlines of
the newp.pers and head hangs
down in shame to find that a man
has turned to be a beast devoid
of any sympathy and valne for
human life.
The cult of violance in Punjab
is, however, of recent growth, the
why and how of which has
already debated quite ex-
tensively. therefore,
going into the causes, we would
",nly suggest th.t Ihe can
be effectively met and the evil of
terrorism. C!ln be rooted out with
the combined efforts of all the
Punjabis ir respective of their
religi on, caste and creed.
Tbe hard fact, however, is
that there is nil rapport between
Sikhs and Hindus and even
.amongst the Sikhs laemselves.
The t WQ important segments of
the Sikh community e.g. AISSF
and Damdami Taksal do not see
eye to eye with the ruling Akali
Dal party and trade aliegations
agalost each other. Th. terrorisls
naturally take advantage of the
.infighting and strike at will
Unm indful of the fact whether
tho victims are Hindus or Sikbs.
The sale intention of tbe terrori-
sts seems to creat. ill-will,
distrubances and destabilisation
,in the state.
Recently we had met Ihe
representatives of All India Sikh
Students Federation and Dam-
dami Taksal at Amritsar. They
condemned vioJence and terror
a
ism in no uncertain terms and
categorically stated that violence
'IS against Ihe basic tenets of the
Sikhism, wbich are dearer to
ihem than anything else. Accord-
ing to tbem a true Sikh is duty
bound to protect tbe innocents
rather than killing them.
During discussions. however,
it was not difficult to mark deep
sense of hurt, .ngaish and aliena-
tion writ large on their faces
which Was allegedly the result of
thoughtless and senseless actions
of tbe Central Government inclu-
ding unprecedented oppression let
loose on the Sikhs and their
womenfolk by the army during
and after the Operation Bluestar.
They are angry and emotional
young men ha"ing a i3.rge
ber ofsympathi,ers and supporters
in the villages of Punjab. They
are, no doubt, against the poli-
cies of the Government but are
not anti-national.
We are of the firm view that
they can be won over with tact,
sympathy and love and not with
the threats of violence. We,
therefore, appeal to the Central
as also Punjab Government to be
magnanimous and start a dialo-
gue with the representatives of
these organisation; either directly
or indirectly, listen to their
grievances and try to remove the
genuine Enlistment of thei r
cooperation and support is
absolutely nece"ary to crush the
ugly head of terrorism in Punjab.
The Government should not
stand on false prestige at such
a critical juncture affecting Ihe
integrity and security of the whole
country. If oaf Government did
not hesitate. to talk to Laldenga of
Mizos and extremists of . Naga-
land who had been fighting with
our army for so many years then
what can be the hitcb in talking
to tbe representatives of the
organisations who are neither
seccessionists nor anti-nationals.
- B. S. MaiDee, Advocate
- G.S. Chadha, Atlvocate
-Lt.Col. MaDobar Singh (Retd.)
New Delhi
RSS's Chief Advice
Sir,-RSS Chief Balassheb
Deoras' advice to the majority
-communitv in the nation not to
nurse hatred against the wbole
Slkb CommuDity because of the
foul aDd violent deeds of a
-misguided section thereof. is
both timely and ,agacious.
He has rightly described tbe
Sikhs as an integral part of the
Hindu s0ciety, and emphasized
with admirable conviction that
eveD the law in India includes
Buddhists, Iains and Sikhs
among the Hindus. (The Sikhs
have DO personal law of their
own, the Hindu personal law is
equally applicable to all Sikhs).
There is not an iota of doubt
that the Sikhs are part and parcel
of the great Hindu society. They
are at ODce an off sboot and the
sword-arm of the Hindus. It is
no secret that the Khalsa Panth
was instituted by tbe 10th Guru
(Gohind Singh) in the 17th cen-
tury primarily for tbe protection
of the Hindus who constituted a
persecuted and oppresed majority
under the intolerant and despotic
regime of the later Moguls. It
was in fact at the instance of the
Kashmiri Pandits, that the ninth
Guru (Tegb Bahadur) had offered
himself as a sacrifice to stem the
tide of forcible conversion of
Hindus iuto Muslims.
A touching demonstration of
tbi, fraternal bond between the
Sikhs and Hindus is the daily
presence in tbousands of Hindu
devotees and pilgrims at tbe
Guru's Shrine in Delhi ' s historic
Ch.ndni Chowk (Gurudwara
Sisganj) . It was at this site that
nuru Tegh Bahadur was behead-
ed in 1675 at the of
Emperor A. urangzeb.
9'
Ti es of history, c('ImmGn cul
ture, language and kin9ttip bind
the two communities in Punjab
into a common brotherhood.
Traditi onally, Hindus bave pro-
tected Sikh, and Sikhs have pro-
tected Hindus. In many a HlDdu
family, in Punjab, tbe eld"t son
will be found to be a Sikh. In
fact Pandit Madan Mohan Mala-
21st April, 1986
viya was so throughiy impressed
wir.h the spirit of sacrifice and
the indomitable courage of the
Sikhs at Iaito (in Nabha) and at
Iallianwalla Bagh tbat he openly
w;,hed there were a Sikb in every
Hindu family Ihroughout the
country,
-Ompraka.h Kohli
Bombay
Uncmlled for Criticism
Sir,-It is unfortuDate that
Punjab is wi tnes!>ing violence
even after a massive mandate in
favour of the Akali Dal led by
Surjit Singb Barnala. The very
fact of the overwhelming vote
ca,t shows the peopl e's need for
peace and harmony. Yet there i,
some thing wrong somewhere.
This exercising the minds of all.
Foreign and internal vested
interests, the Haryana lobby, the
communal di vide, the
mentation of the Punja b accord,
tbe misguided Sikh and Shiv
Sena youth are the different foci
of altention and analy,is. But
what irk. a dispassionate educat-
ed Punjabi is tbe uncalled for
criticism of the stance ado"ted
by the Barnala government ..
The circumstances under
which Barnala took over as ohief
mlDister put bim under a compel-
ling political n.ecessity to give to
Sikh youth an opportunity to
rehabiiitato themselves . This is
misconstrued by some people as
a partisan attitude. No democrat
can conceivably think of an
atternative to what Barnala has
chosen to do.
If a political assessment of
the chief minister has to be made,
one would unite witb all right
thinking individuals in holding
that Barnal. is one of the very
rew politician, in the country
who are value based. There could
be:no better choice than him. A
bardliner wou' d have brought
the state to the br ink of disaster
or a direct confrontation with
Ihe Centre. If a d 'cent person
like Barnala is un8c; ceptable, one
wonders wh.t kind of cbief
minister do we deserve.
Imagine the multiple problems
facing him. Do we expect him to
go and prol ect Ihe borders from
undesirable in fIltrators? Is tbe
implementation of tbe Punjab
accord in his hands? Sikh mili-
tants attack him with bullets for
he is not a haldliner. The other
community puts him under fire
for being partisan. There are also
vested political inl erests. After
mch" holocaust as Punjab has
witnessed , the opposition parties
ought to bave shown a democra-
tic spirit in rebuilding the state
in cooperat ion with the elected
government but regret fuli y nar-
row political and communal
intersts weigh more with some
than the vision for building
strife-torn Punjab. In a set up
other than ours, a value based
politician like Barnal. would
have been welcomed as a bless-
ing. If all of us look within and
cleanse QUI selves there is no
reason wby terrorism cannot bt:
checked. Let us pray for such
introspection. Let the Centre
provide to him whole-hea.iied
support.
- Avtar Singh
Amritsar

THE"SPOKESMAN" WEEKLY
Birmingham Student, Exchange
Group Visits India
A group of 38 studen (s and
teachers from three city
area schools i.e .. H.ndsworth
Wood Girls' School, Broadway
Comprehensive School and
Handsworth New Road School
from Birmingha,n visited India
from 15th of March to 3rd of
April, 19'6. Tbis group of
students and teachers was spon-
sored by the Midlands-U.K.
branch of International Punjabi
Society and stayed in Delhi at
tbe International Punjabi House
as guests of the International
Punjabi Society whicb not only
arranged for their accommoda-
tion and hospitality but a'so
provided them witb an air-condi-
tioned coach throughout their
slay in Delhi to enable them to
visit various places.
Dr. Inderjil Singh. President
of the International Punjabi
Society took keen personal inle-
rest to make their visit to India
'a great success'. Mr. K.N. Singh,
a journalist and an active member
of the Society coordinated the
programme of this group and
made arrangements for their
visits to various schools, places
of interest and important people.
Mo.t of the students of tbis
group are of tbe Indian origin
who were either born in U.K. or
were brought tnere at a very
young age and did not know any-
thing about the great cultural
heritage of their parents. This
visit enabled these young persons
of all colours and cultures to
share experiences with young
person. brought up and living in
India.
Mr. John Goss, the Head-
master of Broadway Scbool, Mr.
Robert Cunningham, Headmas-
ter of Handsworth New Scbool,
Mrs. Vasantbi Rao, Head Tea-
cher of Handsworth Wood Girls'
Scbool, Mrs. M. Darlington, a
retired Head Teacher, Mr. Owyin
Richards, B.B.C.'s Radio Cban-
nel4 reporter, Mr. Karam Ram,
Pbotographer and Mr. Sbashi
Joshi, also took extra pains to
make this visit a memorable one
for their student, and teacbers.
On tbeir arrival at Palam Air-
port by Pan Am flight on tbe early
bours of 15tb Marcb, the mem-
bers of this group were greeted
with garlands and were brought
to International Punjabi House
for rest and climatising and later
in tbe evening were taken to Red
Fort to see the Sound and Ligbt
Sbow, the 'Son-et-Lumieres'. In
tbe forenoclD they were visited by
Dr. Inderjit Singh, who hosted a
sumptuous welcome dinner for
tbero.
On 16th of Marcb, the group
visited Qutab Minar, Humayun
Tomb, Red Fort, Raj Gbat, India
Gate and other places. In the
evening the group was invited
for 'High Tea' at the farm house
of Mr. V.M. Sabharwal, an
industrialist from Birmingham.
The 17th of March was reserved
for their visit to various schools
in Delhi. First of all tbey visited
Ouru Harkrishan Public School,
Vasant Vibar wbere they were
greeted by Principal, H.s.
Singba and members of his staff
a. well as students. They atten-
ded the morning prayer, visited
various class rooms and later had
an interesting discussion with
the members of the school staff
as stud en ts were busy with their
examinations. Later they visited
Bal Bharati Public School, Pwa
Road, where' they were greeted
by Mr. S.K. Bbattacharya, Princi-
pal and members of his staff.
After having a round ot school
they had a lively discussion with
the students as well as with tbe
teachers of this school. Later tbe
group also visited Asboka Hotel
for a cup of coffee and in the
evening tbey visited Connaught
Place for sboppitig.
On the early hours of 18th
Shri Amitabh Baehhan, the matinee idol and member of
parhament is s<en Jepi ying to the questions being asked
group of Birmingham students.
o
10
March tbis group left for Sbimla
and visited Karan Lake, Pinjore
Gardens, Chand'garh and other
places of tourist interest besides
scbools, before returning to Delhi
on the evening of 21st March to
be served with a lavish dinner by
Sardar Manjit Singh Dbupia,
General Secretary of the Society.
On the 22nd of Marcb the
group visited Buddba Garden,
Bida Mandir, Gurdwara Bangia
Sahib and had tbeir lunch at
M.P.'s canteen at North Avenue.
Later they visited National
Museum, Teen Murti and Pragati
Maidan to see varion. exhibitions.
In the evening tbe group were
selved witb a nice dinner bosted
by Mr. Ramesb JaiD, Vice Presi-
dent of the Society. Tbey also
met Mrs. Manjit Chadha, a
teacher and Mrs. and Mr. Sunil
Malhotra.
On 23rd and 24th March, tbe
group visited Matbura-tbe birtb
place of Lord Krishna and vari-
ous historical monuments at
Agra and Fatebpur Sikri, includ-
ing the world-famous 'Taj'.
On 24th evehing after dinner
at Punjabi HOUle, they narrated
with pleasure tbe detail. of their
memorable visits to all these
wonderful monuments.
On 25th Morcb tbey were
invited for a cup of tea at the
residence of Mr. ManveDdra
Singh. M.P. and later called upon
Mr. Balram Jbakar, Speaker ot
Lok Sabha and spent over half
an hour with bim. Tbe Hon.
Speaker invited them to watcb the
'Question Hour' in Parliament
wbicb tbey really enjoyed.
They had an excellent lunch
meeting wltb the students of
Guru Harkrishan Public School,
PuraDa Quila Road and bad an
informal discussion with stu-
dents, staff and principal of tb.
scbool Mr. L.S. Boplrai.
In tbe evening before attending
tbe dinner hosted by Mr. H.S.
Sangatpuri, Vice-President of the
Society at International Punjabi
House. the visiti.ng students
presented a nice cultural pro-
gramme to entertain the guests
wbicb included students from
Guru Har Krisban Public School.
The Head Master and Head
Teacher of these scbools also
presented beautiful momentos to
Dr. Inderjit Singh, Mr. Sangat-
puri and to Mr. K.N. Singb in
appreciation of the excellent
arrangements which tbe society
has made for ' their accommoda-
tion, food and transport, etc.
Tbe group on 26tb Marcb
Holl celebrations whicb were
organised by Mr. Yogesh Suena
at his house. Tbey were second
to none in pouring coloured
wa ter and Gulal on their bosts
and thorougbly enjoyed tbis
festival of colour and joy.
The nex t morning the
group left for tbeir visit to Rajas-
tban and visited Ajmer, Pushkar-
ji, Udaipur, Cbittorgarb, Jaipur
and other places:of tourist interest
before returning to Delbi on 1st
list April, 1986
of A pri!. They were , nterlained'
a v".ry lavisb Indian vege-
tanan dmner by Mrs. Kiran,
Modi and Mr. Sudhir Modi and!
were bappy to meet Dr. S. 1<:_
Sarin, bis family and also ex-
cbanged gifts with the young:
members of Modi family.
2nd April was the most
memorable day for the group. In
tbe morning tbey visited Sardarni
Sada Kaur Kbalsa Oirl's
Secondary SchOOl at Daryagan]
where they attended tbe morning:
assembly. Books and flowers
were presented to all the'
of the group bY'
Pnnclpal. Mrs. 1.K. Sodhi,
staff and students and latel'
tbey were entertained with an
impressive cultural programm .. '
by tbe young budding ,tndentS'.
of the school.
This was followed bv theil'
visit to tbe residence of 'famoul
film star and Member of Parlia-
ment, Mr. Amitabh Bachhan who>
gladly replied to all the questions,
of bis thrilled fans from U. K.
In the evening a decent fare-
wei din.ner was organised by
internatIOnal Punjabi Society
which was hosted by Sbri H. L.
Mebra, to meet these students-
and their teacbers . Studenls from'
Guru Harkrishan Public School
enteraiDed tbe group and other
guests with an excellent Punjabi'
caltural programme which in-
cluded songs and Bhangra. 'There'
were also drum beaters on whosO'
tUDe not only tbe Ibe students
from U.K. and Indian schools,
but their teachers and th. guests.
till almost at inidnight ..
The group was given a tearful
farewel at Palam Airport in the
ver>: early hours of 3rd Aprii.af!er
then three weeks visi t to India
where tbey Were quite 'at
during this wonderful trip
they had thoroughlY.
enjoyed.
How they all felt about India
Indian people and culture can
summed up from the rew !ineli'
of the letter which Mrs. V.G .
Rao, Principal of Handsworth.
Wood Girls' School wrote to>
Mr. K.N. Singb after tbeir return-
to u.K. OD 4th April, 1986-
.. I do not know wbat to say'
except what I have already-
said. Tbree weeks ago I Wa&
nervous, apprehensive and
worried, not knowing wbat
was on tbe other side. But
after roeeting you and Dr.
Inderjit Singh, We felt safe'
and hopeful. Since then we-
did Dot bave a minute's
worry. I really appreciate
your hard work, friendliness
and support in the last three,
weeks. You were the epitome,
of Indian tradit ion and hos-
pit.bity. It is good to know'
tbat good people like you
exist and there is hope for
this world."
,
j

1
1
i
I
l' (. II / . l. '
21st April, 1986
-
. Honey can cure all ailments" . 'j' .. '
' By' : Rojtsh Bhambi
Honey is co'nsider<d a 'part of increases glucose reserve whicb .
the traditiQnal 'materia "medi'a\' not Qnly feeds the tissue cells .of . ,c
for. wbich this ancient.Jand of tbe lIver but also IDcrea.es Its
Eharat is known fOf. There are reserve of glycogen and improves
references of tllis unique liquid- the process Qf'. tissue replacement
food in Qur scriptures. In certain in the body. Liver diseases afe
cases boney been referred to. subject to clinical treatment with
Prof. G:S: Talib passes away ,
Ii.hed .
The Punjab Chief Minister,
, Sardar Surjit Singh Barnala, his
CablDet colleagues and a number
of political, social and r",igious
leaders mourned the death . Qf
Prof Talib, describing hiro as a
as sometbing. wblcb sbould be iotravenom; mjections, but if
cQnsidered " Pavitra" (pious) and honey is taken orally it would
to. be used on auspicious Qcca- serve in a better way. It can- be
sions. Even' today, when we have said that honey is an all-rounder
entered the atomic age honey is remedy. Even ' sportsmen who
a much wanted item at tbe time want to built up tbeir stamina
Qf a cbild's birtb. Honey has should use this fOQd.
definatelY got to be administered Mr A.K. Mikhailov reCQm-
to the new born babe, although mended the use of honey for eye
in tbe form of a single drop . ailments . According to him the
Recently, the Punjab Agricul- use Qf eucalyptus honey as an
tural University ( PAU) conducted ointment can treat , welling Qf
an extensive research on honey eyelids, conjunctivitis and even
and recommended its use for cornea sores. It is very important
infants and tbe aged. Scienti.ts that sterilised boney frQm the
of tbe PAU agreed that tbe honey comb sbould be used fQr
Vedas . considered honey as the treatment of eyes, but under
nature's most precious food. the supervision of a doctor.
Tonics were prepared out of Dentists have also recommended
honey for tbe retention of 'youth' the use of honey because ,of it.
as also to provide "pleasure in active anti-biotic properties. The
matters of sex". Honey, belDg an use of honey is also a disinfectant
analpet'c, serves as a remedy for fQr tbe mouth.
various distases, because of Its Dr Zaffer Attar, another
healing effects. A Soviet surgeon. authQrity on the .ubject has
V. M. Krinitsk,v, had concluded pointed out that the incidence of
tbat honey helped in healing cancer amongst bee-keepers is
wound, more quickly because it very low i.e. a mere 03 in every
.helped in bringing a marked 1,00,000 while amongst other
increase in glutathi'ne in tbe professionals it is 10 time, higher.
wound and glutathine plays a The Cornell UniverSity is already
.d(lrninant role in oxidation! conducting further investigations
reductIOn process in the organism Qn the nature of tumour therapy .
and simulates cell growth. Honey with honey.
has an anti-biotic action due to -------------
the high concentration of natural Indian Club at Drupa '86
ugars On the ohter hand, I .White
beli eved that the be. ling property
Qf honey is due to the presence
of hydrogen peroxide (H2 02).
Cold a common ailment in
India, can easily be cured with
honey taken with warm milk just
an hour before going to bed. This
would also remove the congestion
to a great extent in the body,
whicb makes One feel better and
relieved in tbe morning.
Honey bas been considered
to be a very valuable food com-
'Ponent, which contains the much
assimilated glucose and ma kes
food easily digestible. The heart ,
which functions continuously
spends a lot of body energy, but
if boney is regularly used, it will
compensate for the loss of energy
and also strengthen the mu,cles
of the heart thereby removing
various types Qf cardiac diseases.
With the regular in take of honey
the heart gets stimulated and
obtain. the desired nutrition. It
.has been oleserved by the medical
world tbat the regular use of
honey as a food heal! patien t&
'feel better because it also helps in
building up of haemoglobin.
Gastric acidity can also. be
;removed or at least relief could be
provided by the use of honey.
Similar is the case with liver
>cQmplications, The use of hQney
For first time, India will
be accorded a special statu, at
DRUPA, the world'. No . 1 print-
ing fair to be held from May 2 to
15, 1986. Tn a separate pavilion,
an Indian Culb is to be set up,
designed as a convenient 'and
suitable place where Indian
businessmen can meet and nego-
tiate with their foreign counter;
parts.
An Indian restaurant will
make both Tndian vegetarian and
non-vegetarian meal s available.
This will be a special attraction
not only for tbe 5,000 Indian
visitors expected at DRUPA, but
also for visitors from other coun-
tri es. An additiQnal feature at the
India Pavilion will be an infor
mati On stand set up by the Indo-
German Chamber of Commerce.
DRUPA ,86 is expected to
surpass all previous records with
an anticipated exhibitor partici-
pation of almost 1,500 from 35
countries. India will be represen-
ted by two participating firms.
Displays will be spread Over a
mammoth exhibition area of
1,22,430 sq m (net) and will be
viewed by a total Qf 3 00 000
visitors from all Over the
DRUPA is represented in India
by the IndoGerman Chamber of
Commerce.
Prof (Dr) Gurbachan Singh
Talib, 70, a noted scholar, died
in Patiala Qn April 9, at a heart
attack.
He was awarded Padma
Bhushan for his scholarly contri
bution last year.
He was credited with the
translation of the Guru Granth
Sahib into English, Two of its
volumes have already been pub-
. deeply religious man and a res-
. pected teacher.
Sardar Barnaia 'said in Prof
Talib's death Punjab bas lost ;m
outstanding scholar.
Tbe Punjab Governor, Mr
Sidhartha Sbankar Ray, express-
ing grief Qver the demise ' Qf Dr
Talib, said in his deatb the state
bad been deprived of the services
of a noted scholar, a prolific
writer and an eminent teacher.
a real man of letters.
Mr Ray said Dr Talib' s enor-
mous contribution in the field of
education and the monumental
work wbicb he produced in
the transle ti on of ibe holy
Sri Guru Granlh Sahib would
keep his memory fQrever alive.
Prof Talib is survived by his
widow, a son and four daughters
all married '
10 % increase in Indo-German trade in 1985
Tbe fast pace of growth in
Indo-German trade continued in
1985. As per the latest statistics
from Germany, trade between
the two countries increased to the
new record figure of nearly 5
billion DM (4.837 billion DM or
Rs. 25billiQn). This implies an
increase of about 20% as com-
pared to 1984.
The growth in the trade
vQlume is mainly due to. an
increase in imports whi'ch rose by
28 % . E, ports "chieved a less
. spectacular growth rate of 3.5%.
The focus of export growth was
centred around leather good,.
Cotton garments which had made
a comeback in a big way in 1984
could make furtber progress in
1985. The surge in- the export of
cotton fabrics continued in 1985,
Tea exports continued to develop
positively as in 1984 bringing in a
higher per unit value and where
precious and semi-precious s!ones
are concerned, the downtrend of
1984 has been reversed.
In recent tir:1es, f.nd la's
engineering expot ts to Germany
have been gaining in prominence
and achieved a further growth in
1985. Thev cOn1 ('1rise mClcr.inr rTJ
electro-technicai goods,
engineering and transport equip-
ment. Togetber {hey accounted
for about 3 % of Indian exports
to Germany.
Elect,otechnical gQods, iron
and steel and chemicals and
led import
growths iO 1985. MachlDery im-
ports which had declined in 1984
recovered in 1985 a substantial
increase.
The ' Indo'German Chamber
of Commerce expects a grQwing
,uccess in India's export' to.
Germany in 1986. The increased
competitiveness due to the decline
in value of the Indian Rupee
t,?warlls the German Mark com.
b1rled m.creascd efforts in
export promotIon should lead to
positi ve
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6'7, Northend Complex, R.K, Ashram Marg, New Delhi-lIGOOI.
Regd. No; D-(C)-85 THE WEEKLY R.N.I. Regd .. 21st April, 1986
Frenzy Being Whipped Communal
:Up
In Punjab
Bridges Between .Hindus and Sikhs Must Be Kept Intact
Hindu sentiments are being whipped up in Punjab
to a fever pitch by a handfl1l of petty-minded upstarts
who want to build their leadership on venomous
slogans and cheap historinics.
Sena President Jagdish Tangri
has been calling for bandhs.
When Hindus and Sikhs sbowed
keenness to open their shops, and
thereby make a living. his men.
indulged in petty hooliganism.
They tbrew brikbats their
favourite larget, Punjab police.
and even fired at nearby Sikh '
houses from the safe lanctuary of
Hindu temples. They tried to
portray Hindu. as a beleaguered
community figluing a lone battle
againlt a turbaned majority.
They belong, in the main, to
Punjab Hindu Shiv Sena, Punjab
Hindu Rashtriy. Saogth.n. and
Hindu Suraksna Samiti. A .ide
show is provided by
Hindu Students Foderation.
They are insidiously spiDl;ing
around Hindus the web of fear
and hatred. Pear against being
driven out of Punjab by "Sikh"
extremists . Hatred against all
Sikhs. thougt. a vast majority
of wellmeaning among them
are red up with daily
indiscriminate violence by
(Continued from front page)
Sikhs who are detained in Jodh
pur and other jails. The CO'll'
mittee was to include a represen-
tative of tbe Akall Dal. But this
was not done. though a panel of
three was sent to New
Delhi. The government, instead.
appointed Dr Gopal Singb. Lt.
Governor of Goa, as cbairman
of the committee.
Tbis corumittl!e submitted its
findings sometime ago. But these
have not been conveyed to Punjab
government so far.
Why ?
tho terrorists. These - purblind
Hindu. do not care to remember
that terrorists have no religion;
their guns are aimed at both
Sikhs and Hindus, rather at
everyone who crosses their path.
In fact. more Sikhs have been
killed in recent month, than
Hindus. The talk of Hindu back,
lash is, tberofore, all b:loney .
By dividing Hindus and Sikhs,
the leaders of the above .four
Hindu bodies are playing into
tbe extremists' hands.
Classic elOmples were provid
ed cently in several Punjab
towns which were placed under
curfew.
On tbe sligbtest pretext, Shiv
Apart from a lunatic fringe.
beth Sikhs and Hindus have kept
their cool. Sbops of Hindus and
Sikhs function side by side. No
Hindu ever tbinks of sbifting out
of Punjab. Most Hindus. confess
that they have no quarrel with
any of their Sikh neighbours.
Sikhs, on their part, nurse tbe
grouse why the entire community
Citiuns' Justice Committee will Dot
assist Misra Commission
The Citizens' Justice Committee (CJe), which is
assisting the R. N. Misra inquiry commission on the
November, 1934 riots, has withdrawn from the proceed-
ings of the commission.
The CJC. headed by the for CJC complained.
mer chief justice of India, Justice The CJC said commission
Now Punjab assembly bas S,M. Sikri, has intimated its had rejected its request to sum'
unanimously passed a resolution, decision to the Misra commission mon those high government
calling for general amnesty and pleading belplessness to assist officials who were responsible for
witbdrawal of cases against all the panel in D.tbi. Kanpur and tbe maintenance of law and order
Sikhs detained outside Punjab. Bokaro becm" it did not agree during that period. The Com'
It is true tbat some steps have witb tbe way the commission was mittee was informed that the
beeo taken to reinstate or reba functioning. The commiSiion, it commission bad already recorded
bilitate Sikh soldiers wbo left alleged, bad conducted a major tbo statem' nts of some of the
tbeir ranks in June 1984 after part of its proceedings without officials even witbout disclosing
Operation Bluestar. the CJC's knowledge. It had also their identities. It was also not
Mr Rajiv Gandhi has to do refused to sbow some "vital allowed to cross examine them
something quickly to reSfore his documents" to the CJ.C and instead, "untested reports of
credibility. Tbe vast fund of Among the CJC members are the commission's investigation
goodwill. which he hld b.ilt last Lt Clen. J.S. Aurora (Retd)., agency were being relied upon
year, stands drained out. Now Sardar Kbushwant Singb, Mr without furnishing them to the
P
eople bave begun to feel that he CJC" .. .
Rajn; Kothari, tbe former chief
is reverting to tbe sly manoeuvres justice of Punjab and Haryana The CJC following a commis
of bis mother. high court, Justice R.S. Narula, sion directive had submitted
Tbe situation in Punjab is Mr Soli Sorbajee, Mr V.M. detailed list of 3,870 people "bru
becoming more complicated every Tarkunde, Mr Gobinda Mukhoty tally killed" in the postIndira
day. The skein can be untied with and Ms Amiya Rao. Gandbi assassinasion riotings in
a bold initiative and swift action ' Delbi alone.
on the political front . Dospatcb It said while the culprits of
of more para'military . forces, the riots were still at large, the The CJC said while other
though belpful in curtai ling acts victims were being harassed and people's orBanisations were
of violence, cannot heal the tbreatened witb dire consequen allowed to participate in the
ailment. ces in case they revealed the commission' s proceedings in
The real panacea lies in im truth before the commission. Kanpur, it was not invited at all.
proving tbe political climate in Despite repeated complaints It pointed out that the Delhi
Punjab- And thIS can be done about the harassment to tbe com administration had entrusted tbe
with full and immediate imple mission, the panel had Qone task of investigation to the same
mentation of solutions envisaged nothing to instil a sense ot con police officials, who bad allegedly
in the Punjab accord. fidence among the victims, the heJped the rioters.
be blamed for the terror unlea-
shed by a (ew.
How does one say that all
-terrorists are Sikhs ?
The government at tbe centre
sllout. from housetops that they
are Pakistani agenU, perbaps
Muslims in Sikh garb. Many
Sikhs ba ve begun to aUege that
Hindu Sbiv Sena men are disguis-
ing as Sikhs and are out killing
people, if only to malign Sikhs. .
InstJad of making Sikhs and
Hindus come together acainst
violence, these Hindu leaders are
fanning communalism.
All Sikhs of sanity and good-
will bave always spoken .in
favour of HinduSikb unity.- Suc!D.
a call is yet to be heard from any
Hindu leader of some standing
be he in Congress (I) or BJP 0;
other motley crowd of mushroom
which claim to-
speak In name of Hindu!.
The bridges between the two.
commuoities, thougb badly
shaken. cannot be aUowed to bc-
destroyed. If one goes down, tb ...
other cannot SUrv,Vt:.
The CJC has been informed'
by the commission that it would '
be required to present its argu-
ments before the commission tbis
month. But it is "really at a loss.
as to how it can discharge thi ..
duty wben it finds tbat in all
fields of inquiry the CJC is
belDg excluded from its course-
and conduct. To undertake such
an exercise by tbe CJC is not
feasible. In fact we apprebend:
tbat altbougb we joined Ibe in.
quiry with full vigour to pattici.
pate and render our utmost ass is
tance in its various facets, we
bave been gradually pusbed into
fringe", the Sikri panel said.
"More than three fourtb or
the inquiry and its materials are
out of our reacb. The entire
process of collection of basic'
materials bas been kept a secret.
It is an incamera inquiry witbin
and does not measure upto the
requirements of fairness and is
in conformity witb tbe pro.
VISions of the act" t it added.
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