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Medium Voltage Equipment Range for Substations

Vacuum Switching

Today, vacuum as an arc extinguishing medium provides the most cost-effective solution for medium-voltage circuit-breakers. We have optimized the vacuum switching principle to the extent that it is superior to conventional technology in all respects. The most significant advantages: Constant dielectric in a vacuum, there are no decomposition products and, because the vacuum interrupter is hermetically sealed, there are no environmental influences on it.

the contact gap is very low. That makes for maximum availability. Principle of operation A metal-vapor arc discharge is initiated by the current to be interrupted as the contact pieces open. Current flows through this metal-vapor plasma until the next current zero. The arc extinguishes in the vicinity of the current zero. The metal vapor loses its conductivity within a few microseconds this very quickly re-establishes the dielectric strength of the contact gap.

Depending on the level of the breaking current, various Constant contact resistance contact shapes and sizes are the absence of oxidation in used: a vacuum keeps the metal contact surfaces clean. For this reason, contact resistance Radial magnetic field contacts, with which the arc burns can be assured to remain low diffusely up to about 10 kA. throughout the service life of Higher currents burn across the equipment. a contracted arc, which is Large total current the rated rotating on the contacts. normal current can be inter Axial magnetic field contacts, rupted up to 30,000 times, with which the arc remains and the short-circuit breaking diffuse even with high current an average of 50 current levels up to 80 kA. times. Maintenance-free for life Throughout its entire service life, the vacuum interrupter operates reliably at all times without any form of maintenance. Wear is minimal, because for instance vacuum switching requires no cooling. The arc voltage is thus extremely low only 20 to 200 V. And, on account of the short arcing times of max. 15 ms, the energy consumption in

Arcing with radial and axial magnetic field contacts

3AH Vacuum Circuit-Breakers

3AH standard circuit-breaker 15 kV/40 kA

The five with the three big advantages: versatility, cost-effectiveness and high performance Five circuit-breaker models cover all possible applications 3AH1 the maintenance-free standard breaker 3AH2 the breaker for high operating frequencies 3AH3 the breaker for high switching capacities 3AH4 the breaker for very high operating frequencies 3AH5 the breaker for maximum cost-effectiveness
3AH breakers are also available in single and double-pole form, for example for traction power supply applications

Technical data and product range


Rated voltage Vacuum circuit-breaker (Type) at Rated short-circuit breaking current1) (Rated short-circuit making current) kA 13.1 (32.8) 7 .2 kA 16 (40) kA 20 (50) 3AH1 kA 25 (63) 3AH1 kA 31.5 (80) 3AH1 3AH2 3AH1 3AH2 3AH1 3AH2 3AH1 3AH2 3AH3 3AH4 3AH3 3AH4 3AH3 3AH4 kA 40 (100) 3AH1 3AH2 3AH1 3AH2 3AH1 3AH2 3AH1 3AH2 kA 50 (125) 3AH3 kA kA

kV

63 up to 80 (160) (225) 3AH3

12

3AH5

3AH5

3AH5 3AH1 3AH1

3AH5

3AH1

3AH3

3AH3

15

3AH1

3AH3

3AH3

17 .5

3AH1

3AH5

3AH1

3AH3

3AH3 3AH38*)

24

3AH1 3AH5 3AH5

3AH1

3AH1 3AH2

36

800A 800A 800A 800A 800A 1250A 2500A 1250A 1250A 1250A 8000A to to to to to to 2) to to to to 1250A 1250A 2500A 1250A 2500A 2500A 3150A 3150A 4000A 12000A Rated normal current DC component 36% (higher values on request) 3150 A for rated voltage 17 .5 kV *) 3 switches in parallel
2) 1)

800A

NXACT Vacuum Circuit-Breaker Module

NXACT combines the advantages of vacuum circuitbreakers with additional integrated functions. More functions Disconnector, earthing switch, operator panel and interlock are integrated in a single breaker module. The module is supplied pretested and ready for installation. Ease of integration For the system builder, this means minimum project planning, ease of installation even with subsequent retrofitting, no more testing, simplified logistics - these features mean that NXACT is unbeatable, even with the overall cost of the substation. Its compact design minimizes installation and commissioning time. In operation, NXACT is notable for the clear layout of its control panel, which is always accessible at the front of the switchgear.

NXACT vacuum circuit-breaker module, 12 kV

Technical data
Rated voltage Rated power-frequency withstand voltage Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage Rated frequency Rated short-circuit breaking current (max.) Rated short-circuit making current (max.) Rated short-time withstand current 3 sec. (max.) Rated normal current 12 kV 28 kV 75 kV 50/60 Hz 25 kA 63 kA 25 kA 1250/2500 A

Components for 3AH Vacuum Circuit-Breakers

Vacuum circuit-breakers are available in fixed-mounted as well as withdrawable form. When they are installed in substations, isolating contacts, as well as fixed mating contacts and bushings are necessary. With the appropriate components, the 3AH vacuum circuit-breakers can be upgraded to the status of switchgear module. Components The following components can be ordered for the breaker: Isolating contacts Cup-type bushings with fixed mating contacts Truck with/or without interlocks Switchgear modul

Technical data
Components for 12 kV
Up to 2500A /to 40 kA /1 sec. For 800 mm switchgear panel width with 3AH1 - 7 .2/12 kV breaker 210 mm pole centre distance with 3AH5 - 12 kV breaker 210 mm pole centre distance

Components for 24 kV
to 2500A /to 25 kA /1 sec. For 1000 mm switchgear panel width with 3AH1 - 24 kV breaker 275 mm pole centre distance with 3AH5 - 24 kV breaker 275 mm pole centre distance

On request: components for 15 kV


to 2500A /to 40 kA /1 sec. For 800 mm switchgear panel width with 3AH1 - 15 kV breaker 210 mm pole centre distance with 3AH5 - 17 .5 kV breaker 210 mm pole centre distance

Components for 36 kV
to 1250A /to 16 kA /1 sec. For 1200 mm switchgear panel width with 3AH5 - 36 kV breaker 350 mm pole centre distance

Vacuum Circuit-Breakers for Outdoor Applications

The 3AF01 circuit-breaker is especially suitable for operation in power supply utilities and deals with all switching duties occurring in distribution systems up to 36 kV. It consists of two modules: The lower module comprises the steel structure with the operating mechanism, and the upper module the cross arm with the circuit-breaker poles. The vacuum interrupters are accommodated in porcelain housings. Advantages at a glance: Minimal installation and commissioning time Minimal maintenance required Suitable for automatic reclosing Long electrical and mechanical service life

Technical data
Rated voltage Rated frequency Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage Rated power-frequency withstand voltage Rated short-circuit breaking current Rated short-circuit making current Rated normal current 36 kV 50/60 Hz 170 kV 70 kV 25 kA 63 kA 1600 A

3TL Vacuum Contactors

3TL6 vacuum contactor

Vacuum contactors are threeThe 3TL vacuum contactors pole contactors for mediumare distinguished by the voltage substations with following features: solenoid-operated mechanism Small dimensions for high switching frequency and unlimited closing duration. Long electrical life (up to 106 operating cycles)) They are suitable for operational switching of AC Maintenance-free devices in indoor systems Optional vertical or horizontal and can be used for example mounting for the following switching duties: Switching three-phase motors in AC-3 und AC-4 mode
3TL8 vacuum contactor

Switching transformers Switching capacitors Switching ohmic loads (e.g. arc furnaces) Technical data and product range
Vacuum contactor type Rated normal voltage Rated frequency Rated normal current Switching capacity according to utilization category AC-4 (cos = 0.35) Rated making current Rated breaking current Mechanical life of contactor Mechanical life of vacuum interrupter Electrical life of vacuum interrupter (Rated normal current) kV Hz A 3TL61 7 .2 450 3TL65 12 50/60 450 3TL71 24 800 3TL81 7 .2 400

A A Switching cycles Switching cycles

4500 3600 3 106 2 106

4500 3600 1 106 1 106

4500 3600 1 106 1 106

4000 3200 1 106 0.25 106

Switching cycles

1 106

0.5 106

1 106

0.25 106

From 1 kV to 40.5 kV: Vacuum Interrupters

Vacuum interrrupters in new design

Vacuum interrupters for the medium-voltage range are available from Siemens for all applications in the international market from 1 kV to 40.5 kV. Applications Vacuum circuit-breakers Vacuum switches Vacuum contactors Transformer tap changers Circuit-breakers for traction power supply Auto-reclosers Special applications, for example in nuclear fusion Compact designs Siemens vacuum interrupters provide very high switching capacity in very compact dimensions: For example vacuum interrupters for 15 kV/ 40 kA with housing dimensions of 125 mm diameter by 161 mm length, or for 12 kV/ 13.1 kA with 68 mm diameter by 115 mm length. Know-how for special applications If necessary, we are prepared at any time to supplement our standard range by way of tailored, customized concepts. Product range (extract)
Interrupters for vacuum circuit-breakers Rated voltage Rated normal current Rated short-circuit breaking current Interrupters for vacuum contactors Rated voltage Rated normal current 1 kV 400 A - 24 kV - 800 A 7 .2 kV - 40.5 kV 630 A - 4000 A 12.5 kA - 80 kA

3CG Vacuum Switches

The 3CG vacuum switches are multi-purpose switches conforming to IEC 60265-1 and VDE 0670 Part 301. With these, all loads can be switched without any restriction and with a high degree of reliability. The electrical and mechanical data are greater than for conventional switchdisconnectors. Moreover, the 3CG are maintenance-free. The vacuum switch is therefore extremely cost-effective. 3CG switches in combination with HV HRC-Fuses comply with IEC 60420 and VDE 0670 Part 303, when installed in Siemens switchgear. Maximum ratings for fuses on requests. Vacuum switches are suitable for the following switching duties: Overhead lines Cables Transformers Motors Capacitors Switching under earth fault conditions

3CG switch: 12 kV/800 A

Technical data
Rated voltage Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage Rated short-circuit making current Rated short-time current (3s) Rated normal current Rated ring-main breaking current Rated transformer breaking current Rated capacitor breaking current Rated cable-charging breaking current Rated breaking current for stalled motors Transfer current according to IEC 60420, 1990 Inductive switching capacity (cos 0.15) Switching capacity: under earth fault conditions Rated earth fault breaking current Rated cable-charging breaking current under earth fault conditions Rated cable-charging breaking current under earth fault conditions with superimposed load current Number of switching cycles with rated normal current kV kV kA kA A A A A A A A 7 .2 60 50 20 800 800 10 800 63 2500 5000 12 75 50 20 800 800 10 800 63 1600 3000 15 95 50 20 800 800 10 800 63 1250 2000 24 125 40 16 800 800 10 800 63 2000

A A A

630 63 63+800 10 000

630 63 63+800 10 000

630 63 63+800 10 000

630 63 63+800 10 000

10

3CJ1 Switch-Disconnectors

3CJ1 indoor switchdisconnectors are multipurpose types and comply with all the relevant standards, both in basic form and in combination with (makeproof) earthing switches.

3CJ1 switch-disconnector, 12 kV

The 3CJ1 switch-disconnector is notable for the following features: Modular system of straightforward design with all important attachments, such as fuses, (make-proof) earthing switches, motor operating mechanism, shunt releases and auxiliary switches. Excellent dielectric properties, even under unfavorable climatic conditions, by virtue of the exclusive use of standard post insulators for insulation against earth.

Technical data and product range


Rated voltage Rated short-time making current Rated normal current kV 12 20 50 630 15 26 65 630 24 18 45 630

Rated short-time withstand current (1s) kA

kA A

11

3D Disconnecting and Earthing Switches

3D disconnecting and earthing switches are suitable for indoor installations up to 36 kV. Disconnecting switches are used mainly to protect personnel working on equipment, and must therefore be extremely reliable and safe. This is assured even under difficult climatic conditions, for example in the event of occasional moisture condensation. For 12 and 24 kV, make-proof earthing switches with a rated short-circuit making current of 50 or 40 kA have been included in the range.

3DC disconnecting switch, 12 kV

Technical data
Rated voltage Rated short-time withstand current (1s) Rated peak withstand current Rated normal current kV kA 12 20 to 63 50 to 160 630 to 3000 24 20 to 31.5 50 to 80 630 to 2500 36 20 to 31.5 50 to 80 630 to 3000

kA

12

3GD HV HRC Fuses

HV HRC (high-voltage highrupturing capacity) fuses are used for short-circuit protection in high-voltage switchgear. They protect switchgear and components, such as transformers, motors, capacitors, voltage transformers and cable feeders, from the dynamic and thermal effects of high short-circuit currents by breaking them as they occur.

3GH fuse bases 3GH fuse bases are used to accommodate HV HRC fuselinks in switchgear. 3GH fuse bases are available as single-phase and threephase versions. On request, a switching state indicator with auxiliary switch can be installed.

Fuse base with 12 kV fuse

Fuse link

Technical data fuse links


Rated voltage Rated short-circuit breaking current Rated normal current kV kA 7 .2 63 to 80 6.3 to 250 12 40 to 63 6.3 to 160 24 31.5 to 40 6.3 to 100 36 31.5

Technical data fuse bases


Rated voltage kV 3.6/7 .2 44 400 12 44 400 24 44 36 44

Rated peak withstand current kA Rated normal current A

400 400

6.3 to 40

13

Insulators: 3FA Post Insulators and 3FH/3FM Bushings

Insulators post insulators and bushings are used to insulate live parts from one another and from earth and also to perform mechanical carrying and supporting functions. The materials for insulators are various cast resins and porcelains. Innovative solutions, such as the 3FA4 divider post insulator for capacitive voltage indication, provide optimum customer benefit. Special designs are also available on request.
3FH5/6 draw-lead bushing

3FA1/2 post insulator

Technical data (extract): 3FA1 /2 post insulator


Rated voltage Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage Rated powerfrequency withstand voltage Minimum failing load kV kV 3.6 60 to 65 27 to 40 1.8 to 16 12 65 to 90 35 to 50 5 to 25 24 100 to 145 55 to 75 5 to 25 36 145 to 190 75 to 105 5 to 16

kV

kN

14

Current and Voltage Transformers

Measuring transformers are electrical devices which transform primary electrical variables currents or voltages into proportional, in-phase variables to ensure that they are safe for connected equipment and operating personnel. The product range also includes cast-resin insulated bushing current transformers and outdoor current and voltage transformers.

4 MA block current transformer

4MS4 outdoor voltage transformer

Technical data and product range block type


Current transformers Rated voltage Primary rated current kV A 12 10 to 2500 80 24 10 to 2500 80 36 10 to 2000 80 5 to 10 5 to 13 5 to 17 Voltage transformers 12 24 36

Max. thermal rated short-time current Sec. thermal limit current

kA A

15

Surge Arresters

Surge arresters have the function of protecting the insulation of installations or components from impermissible strain due to voltage surges. The product range includes: Surge arresters for the protection of high-voltage motors and dry-type transformers. Range 3EF for cable network up to 15 kV. Plug-in surge arresters for the protection of distribution networks. Range 3EH2 for networks up to 42 kV. Special arresters for the protection of rotary machines and furnaces. Range 3EE2 for networks up to 42 kV.

Technical data and product range


3EF For networks of 3.6 to 15 kV 1 kA 3EE2 4.5 to 42 kV 10 kA 3EH2 4.7 to 42 kV 10 kA

3EE2 arrester

Rated discharge surge current Short-circuit current strength

1 to 40 kA

50 to 300 kA

16 kA

Bereich Energiebertragung und -verteilung Geschftsgebiet Mittelspannung P .O. Box 32 20 D-91050 Erlangen http://www.ev.siemens.de

Power to the
Subject to change without prior notice Order No. E50001-U229-A4-X-7600 Printed in Germany Dispo-Stelle 30400 61U2171 Ra/M 100746 PA 02993.

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