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CJA Marine Services Pte Ltd

20 Prince Edward Road,

#03-09, Finger Pier Building,
Singapore 079213
Tel: (65) 62811986 / 7
Fax : (65) 62811966
Web site :



Every bunker surveyor must obtain the following items or information:

Name of vessel;
ETA of vessel;
Location of vessel;
Date and Quantity required for bunkering;
Bunker suppliers contact number;
Local agent/clients contact number and the person in-charge;
Respective Forms and necessary documents required for bunkering;
Sample bottles and seals; and
Water and oil paste.


2.01 All surveyors must be properly attired with overalls, safety boots, helmets and gloves.

2.02 Surveyors are expected to attend to the vessel at least ONE hour before the bunker
barge is alongside and observe the ships draft physically as well as to counter check
by using gauges on the vessel, if any.

2.03 The surveyor should introduce himself to the Chief Engineer or the responsible
Officer in-charge and explain the survey procedures.

2.04 The sounding tape, including the bob must be inspected without any discrepancies

2.05 The opening sounding of the nominated and non-nominated tanks, which includes
Settling Tanks, Overflow Tanks, Service Tanks and any tank space related to the
bunkers receiving system should be sounded in the presence of the Chief Engineer or
responsible Officer In-charge.

2.06 At least two measurements of sounding should be taken. If the readings differ, a
subsequent sounding should be taken in order to obtain the average.

2.07 Water paste must be used to detect free water in both the nominated and non-
nominated tanks.

2.08 To determine the nominated tankss temperature, the thermometer must be immersed
at mid-level of the sounded height of the tank. The immersion must be for at least five
minutes in order to obtain a stable temperature reading. The temperature reading
should be noted in the presence of the Chief Engineer or the responsible Officer In-

2.09 The volume of the pipeline leading to the forward receiving tank (if any), should be
calculated as this volume contributes to the quantity difference.

2.10 The ROB quantity of fuel should be calculated based on the advise of the Chief
Engineer or the responsible Officer In-charge with regards to the density of the
respective fuels.

2.11 Upon arrival of the bunker barge, the draft of the barge should be noted physically.

2.12 All cargo tanks, including the barge bunker tanks and the Ballast tanks should be
inspected in the presence of the Chief Engineer and the Bunker Barge Officer.

2.13 To calculate the quantity of the fuel in the cargo tanks of the bunker barge, the same
procedure for the calculation of the ROB of the vessel should be followed.


3.01 The surveyor should take note of the time in which the hose was connected and the
pumping rate of which was agreed by the parties concerned.

3.02 All safety measures in accordance with the latest Singapore Bunkering Procedures
should be followed prior to, during and after bunkering.

3.03 Samples should be taken from the vessel manifold by composite continuous drips and
witnessed by the vessels representatives.

3.04 During the bunkering operations, the surveyor should be vigilant and keep a close
watch of the samp1ing point to prevent anyone from tampering with the samples. In
addition, he must ensure that communication between the vessel and the bunker
tanker should be maintained during the entire bunkering operation.


4.01 After delivery is completed, the bunkers contained in the cargo hoses should be air-
blown to the vessels tank. In the case where the vessels tank is too high, which
makes air-blowing ineffective, the contents in the hoses should be drained back into
the bunker tanker before gauging is taken.

4.02 Samples should be taken, sealed and witnessed by the respective parties. The sample
witness forms must be signed and the respective samples should be distributed to the
signatories concerned.

4.03 The closing sounding of the barge should be done first and the surveyor has to ensure
that calibration tables used must be the same as used for the opening soundings.

4.04 The steps taken for calculating the quantity remaining on the bunker barge cargo
tankers is the same as those of the opening sounding. In addition, the surveyor has to
check all other tanks (e.g. Ballast tanks, Bunker tanks of the bunker barge) to ensure
that no migration or increase of fuel has taken place.

4.05 The vessels closing sounding should be taken in accordance with the same
procedures as that f or the opening sounding of the vessel.

4.06 The quantity of bunker received should be calculated based on the pro rata density
between the barge bunkers density and the vessels ROB bunkers density.

4.06 The surveyor should ensure that all forms must be signed by the Chief Engineer and
the bunker barges representatives. A copy of the Bunker Delivery Receipt (BDR)
must be retained by the surveyor. A one-litre bottle of the respective oil bunkered
should be retained.


5.01 Should there be a dispute, the surveyor should immediately inform his principal
concerned and the following procedures should be observed: -

5.02 The surveyor is instructed to re-do the entire procedure upon completion of bunkering
and to counter check the calculations done pre and post bunkering.

5.03 In addition, surveyors should scrutinise the Stock Movement Report to ensure that the
quantity of all the cargo tanks in the barge tallied with the quantity calculated prior to
bunkering of the Bunker barge; and, if possible, obtain a copy of the report.

5.04 If the dispute has not yet been resolved, a statement of fact should be written by the
surveyor and he should obtain a copy of the letters of protest (in accordance with the
latest bunkering procedures) by the vessel and the bunker barge respectively as well
as ensuring that all relevant documents have been duly signed by all parties

C Rajesh
CJA Marine Services Pte Ltd

Note:-The above is prepared as a guideline and CJ A Marine Services Pte Ltd shall have no liability for errors or omissions or
for any damage resulting from this.