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THE GENERAL

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~VAEON QHILLQ @EMER&L

Wildly Excited Frank Robinson, After MVP Selection

. . . a losing venture

published bi-monthly, pretty close to the first day of January, Marcli, May, July, September and November.

The General is edited and published by The Avalon Hill Company almost solely for the cultural edification of adult gaming. (It also helps to sell Avalon Hill products, tool) Articles from subscribers are considered for publication on a gratis contributory basis. Such articles must be typewritten and not exceed 700 words. Examples and diagrams that accompany such articles must be drawn in black ink, ready for reproduction. N o notice can be given regarding acceptance of articles for publication. All back issues, except Val. 1, Nos. 1 & 4, which are out of stock, are available at $1.00 per issue. Full-year subscriptions B 54.98.
0 1966

The Avalon Hill Company, Baltimore, Maryland. printed in U.S.A.

Cover Story.. . World

Champion Orioles: Miracle or Fluke?


West C o a s t publicity g r i s t m i l l s deluded the nation into thinking that the L o s Angeles D o d g e r s would have a n e a s y t a s k of humiliating the O r i o l e s . They had even convinced Bobby Bragan, deposed m a n a g e r of the Atlanta B r a v e s , into believing that "the O r i o l e s wouldn' t finish fifth i n the National League. I ' Well, S i r , you c a n fool a l l of the s p o r t s w r i t e r s s o m e of the t i m e and some of the s p o r t s w r i t e r s a l l of the time, but you c a n ' t fool the m a n a g e m e n t of the Baltimore O r i o l e s . So confident w e r e they, in fact, that before the S e r i e s had even begun in Baltimore, a huge billboard outside of M e m o r i a l Stadium read: "Would You Believe Orioles in 4?" Why then s o much confidence e s pecially in face of a d v e r s e bookmakers' o d d s ? The r e a s o n i s quite obvious, a t l e a s t to i n s i d e r s who know t h a t O r i o l e publicity man, P a u l Itzoe, had been p r e s e n t e d a n Avalon Hill B a s e b a l l S t r a t egy game s e v e r a l d a y s before the s e r i e s had begun. Now we don't c l a i m any knowledge of what Mr. Itzoe did with that game, but we do know t h a t O r i o l e pitching took a sudden about-face that Oriole f i e l d e r s happened to be in the r i g h t defensive positions a t a l l times that Andy E t c h e b a r r e n , rooky c a t c h e r , c a l l e d such a m a s t e r f u l game that the D o d g e r s failed to s c o r e in 33 consecutive g a m e s - a World S e r i e s Record. Consider, too, the f a c t that Moe Drabowsky, a so-so r e l i e f e r , w a s able to s e t the D o d g e r s down on one h i t i n 6 - 2 1 3 innings. C o n s i d e r a l s o the f a c t that left-hand swinger Boog Powell,
"Funny thing, I struck this guy out 3 times last night at Baseball Strategy", is what Gene Brabender (32) could be saying to Frank Robinson (20). Robinson, voted MVP, drapes sympathetic arm around utility man Bob Johnson who, dozing off early in the series, woke u p to find it all over a'ready.

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h o r r i b l y inept a g a i n s t good left-hand pitching, s m a s h e d 3 key h i t s a g a i n s t left-hand pitching, two of them a g a i n s t Sandy Koufax. Consider the f a c t that the Dodger s l a p - h i t t e r s , who r a r e l y s t r i k e out, fanned 28 t i m e s in 4 g a m e s -opposed to only 17 f o r the f r e e - s w i n g ing Orioles. C o n s i d e r the f a c t that the combined O r i o l e pitching c a m e up with a r e c o r d low ERA of 0.50 c o m p a r e d to 2 . 6 5 f o r the Dodger staff. M i r a c l e o r f l u k e ? We think neither. Coincidence ? P e r h a p s . In due r e s p e c t to the excellent scouting job done by Oriole s c o u t s R u s s o and Kubski, you m u s t r e m e m b e r that the Dodger o r g a n ization a l s o had t h e i r top m e n scouting Oriole p l a y e r s - and f o r a longer period of time. Thus a l l things should have been equal. But they weren't. Not one copy of Baseball S t r a t e g y could be found i n Dodger possession. "ORIOLES WIN IN 6"

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The day following the winning of the National Pennant by L o s Angeles, Avalon Hill r e s e a r c h m e n decided to play the S e r i e s via Baseball Strategy. The player c o u n t e r s w e r e r e v i s e d to r e f l e c t the actual p l a y e r p e r f o r m a n c e s , thanks to s t a t i s t i c s provided by the Oriole publicity people. S e v e r a l d e s i g n e r ' s

l i b e r t y s had to be taken to account f o r the excellence of Dodger pitching. In the f i r s t game, Aparacio opened the game with a Home Run to s p a r k a 3 to 0 win o v e r Drysdale. Koufax countered in the second g a m e with a 3 to 0 r e v e r s a l o v e r the O r i o l e s r e g i s t e r i n g 10 strike-outs, 3 a g a i n s t F r a n k Robinson. The third game went to Baltimore in an e a s y 7 to 4 win o v e r Osteen (in reality, Osteen s u r p r i s e d everyone by turning in the b e s t pitching p e r f o r m a n c e of any Dodger p i t c h e r . ) The O r i o l e s made i t 3 g a m e s to 1 by d e f e a t i n g p e r r a n o s k i in relief of Drysdale, 5 to 3. The fifth g a m e went 15 innings with the Dodgers edging B a l t i m o r e 3 to 2, the winner in relief of Koufax w a s Regan who threw to only 3 b a t t e r s f o r the win. The sixth game went to P a l m e r who c a m e off with an exciting 2 to 1 v i c t o r y which saw both g a m e s s c o r e a l l of the r u n s in the 9th inning with home r u n s by L o u Johnson. F r a n k Robinson and B r o o k s Robinson. The two 9th inning O r i o l e home r u n s so u p s e t the Dodger player that one Baseb a l l Strategy game now h a s a f i s t s i z e hole neatly ripped through the middle of i t s box lid. THE REAL THING T h i s s a m e mal-content had a l s o stood around f o r 1 2 h o u r s f o r S e r i e s

THE GENERAL
tickets, finally obtaining a p a i r f o r the 5th game. Oh well, you c a n ' t win ' e m all. O r c a n you? and i t B a l t i m o r e proved that you behooves your e d i t o r i a l staff to r e c a p some of the " d r a m a t i c turning points". We have put t h e s e l a s t 3 w o r d s in quotations because p r o f e s s i o n a l s p o r t s w r i t e r s often take t h i s cliche in justifying f r o m r e v e r s a l s . S p o r t s W r i t e r s often a r t i c u l a t e f o r the singular purpose of providing a n i n t e r e s t i n g b i t of p r o s e . F a c t s a r e secondary. S p o r t s w r i t e r s m u s t s i t with t h e i r b a c k s to the g a m e a t l e a s t that's the i m p r e s s i o n one g e t s a f t e r seeing the g a m e in p e r s o n and then reading a n account of it. In the f i r s t g a m e of the S e r i e s , O r i o l e pitcher McNally should have been p s y chologically "up" since he had a quick 3 to 0 before even pitching a ball. A s i t turned out, he pitched many "balls" and w a s r e l i e v e d simply bec a u s e he could not a d j u s t to a mound which w a s too high f o r h i s style of pitching. So in c o m e s Drdbowsky, a good move by Manager Bauer. D r a bowsky had been pitching to National L e a g u e r s f o r m a n y y e a r s . He had a l s o been pitching a t Vancouver r e c e n t l y and didn't want to go back t h e r e again. So he combined h i s knowledge of Dodger h i t t e r s with a d e s i r e to r e m a i n a Major Leaguer into a s u p e r b relief p e r f o r m ance. D r a m a t i c turning points: Snyder's catch of R o s e b o r o ' s d r i v e to c e n t e r with 2 on, and the McNally wild pitch that f r e a k i s h l y glanced off R o s e b o r o ' s b a t f o r a foul s t r i k e . Now the S p o r t s columnists t e l l u s that had t h e s e e v e n t s gone in Dodger f a v o r they would have won the f i r s t game, thus the S e r i e s . We beg to differ. The b e s t thing going f o r the D o d g e r s in the second g a m e w e r e the f a n s - f o r t h e i r unparalleled s p o r t s m a n l i k e cond u c t in defense of Willie Davis. Never have we s e e n f a n s applaud a p l a y e r f o r the e x p r e s s p u r p o s e of drowning out boos. The f a n s d e s e r v e d a b e t t e r fate than having h a d to s i t through such a chaotic game. P o o r Willie Davis. But p o o r e r still, Junior Gilliam, who usually plays a s u p e r b t h i r d b a s e but only within a r a d i u s of 14 inches. Two key ground ball "hits" got by Gilliam; a t h i r d w a s muffed but w a s r e d e e m e d when F r a n k Robinson over-rounded second base on the play. And a s t r o n g t h r o w by F a i r l y f r o m r i g h t field got by G i l l i a m on a play that f o u n d F a i r l y c h a r g e d with the e r r o r . Manager Walt Alston's h e a r t i s not p a r t i c u l a r l y s t r o n g and Gilliam w a s to s e e no f u r t h e r duty f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the Series. Of c o u r s e , nowhere in any news c o v e r a g e w a s Gilliam mentioned a s a contributor to the Dodger debacle. Willie Davis had to shoulder all of the blame. But why not Koufax ? After a l l , being the s u p e r s t a r that he i s , i t w a s up to Sandy to

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g e t the s t r i k e - o u t a t t h i s point in the game. But he w a s not up to the t a s k a n d b o t h o r i o l e h i t t e r s in s u c c e s s i o n got the ball o u t of the in-field. B l a i r ' s d r i v e to "medium deep c e n t e r " would have advanced the r u n n e r anyhow. D r a m a t i c turning point: C a s e y Stengel throwing o u t the f i r s t ball. ONE PITCH Dodger Claude Osteen i s a b e t t e r than a v e r a g e pitcher. T h i s day, the t h i r d game, he w a s s u p e r b turning in the m o s t b r i l l i a n t p e r f o r m a n c e of all. He h i t e v e r y O r i o l e bat on the handle; that i s , e v e r y b a t but one. Diminutive P a u l Blair, who had only hit 6 home r u n s a l l y e a r , won the t h i r d g a m e f o r Baltimore with one swing of the bat. Only 3 o t h e r b a l l s got out of the infield in a s well played a g a m e a s one could expect. Shortstop Maury Wills anticipated e x t r e m e l y well and accounted f o r 9 of the 24 O r i o l e outs. No O r i o l e playe r went to b a t m o r e than 3 t i m e s , the p i t c h e r batting only twice. Yet. Baltim o r e won the game. D r a m a t i c turning point: A ground r u l e double. With the B a l t i m o r e outfielders playing c o n s i s tently shallow a g a i n s t the mickey-mouse attack, Wes P a r k e r s m a s h e d one to dead-center that would have been caught by a c e n t e r - f i e l d e r playing in n o r m a l position. In t h i s instance, the ball s a i l e d o v e r B l a i r ' s head and landed o n the h a r d s u r f a c e of the warning t r a c k which supplied a high hop high enough to bounce the b a l l o v e r the 7 foot fence into the hot-dogs of c e n t e r f i e l d b l e a c h e r i t e s who had s p r e a d p i c n i c blankets on the ground in that vicinity. So the hit w a s r u l e d a ground r u l e double. But had the ball bounded a g a i n s t the fence instead of o v e r it, i t would have become a triple. P a r k e r would then have s c o r e d on Willie Davis' oneout f l y to c e n t e r field thus giving the Dodgers a 1 to 0 advantage a t that point. No mention of t h i s w a s made by s p o r t s w r i t e r s who "saw" the game.

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going to h i s l e f t s p e a r e d a ground ball that had "single" w r i t t e n all o v e r it. V e r y few t h i r d b a s e m e n would have m a d e the play. But Robinson turned i t into a double play a s t h e r e w a s a baser u n n e r o n f i r s t base a t the time. Had the ball gone through f o r the base hit, L o s Angeles would have had r u n n e r s a t f i r s t and t h i r d with no one out. Quite a difference in situations, w h a t ? Well that's about it, s p o r t s fans. B a l t i m o r e i s not a s good a s they looked; and L o s Angeles not a s bad. In the main, then, baseball i s a game of inches the s a m e pitch that g e t s the s t r i k e - o u t o n the outside c o r n e r b e c o m e s a home r u n when thrown 2 inches inside a fly ball caught by an out-fielder playing the h i t t e r to pull b e c o m e s a double when hit s t r a i g h t away thus t h i s g a m e of baseball b e c o m e s m o r e than just a t e s t of power and physical ability; i t involves knowledge, thinking, and m o s t of all, s t r a t e g y baseball strategy. L o s Angeles Baseball should not f e e l too badly Strategy proved they should have l o s t anyway.

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RE-PLAY SERIES YOURSELF word f o r it. Why But don't take not play i t o v e r y o u r s e l f ? Use a l l of the s a m e p l a y e r s just a s o u r r e s e a r c h people did. We will supply the p l a y e r s tailored to the specifications of the Baseball S t r a t e g y game. J u s t send u s 25$ and a r e t u r n envelope containing F i r s t C l a s s P o s t a g e and we will send you s e v e r a l s h e e t s of player c o u n t e r s which you c a n paste o n o v e r the die-cut c o u n t e r s t h a t come with the game. If you need the die-cut c o u n t e r s also, simply send u s 75$ total. B e t t e r still. why not o r d e r the e n t i r e Baseball S t r a t egy g a m e - complete with full color picture of B a l t i m o r e M e m o r i a l Stadium on the box cover. You get the game plus the Oriole-Dodger c o u n t e r s f o r $3.98 postpaid. 'Add 65$ f o r Special Delivery. To g e t your World S e r i e s edition, m a k e s u r e you m a r k your o r d e r "World S e r i e s Edition". Send $3.98 to: The Avalon Hill Company, 4517 H a r f o r d Road, Baltimore, Maryland 21214. P r o v e to yourself that the 1966 World S e r i e s w a s neither Miracle o r Fluke.

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1 to 0 AGAIN

- HO HUM

Would you believe that the 4th g a m e w a s simply a taped r e - p l a y of game 3 ? Only the s t a r s n a m e s had been changed to p r o t e c t the innocent. Substitute F r a n k Robinson f o r B l a i r and Dave McNally f o r Bunker. We saw the g a m e a s a testimonial to the magnificent de fensive play that h a s made B a l t i m o r e the m o s t well-balanced t e a m i n b a s e b a l l - another o b s e r v a t i o n not v e r y well o b s e r v e d by the m a j o r i t y of the s p o r t s w r i t e r s . You a l l saw the g a m e s , no doubt, so we won't dwell on the subject o t h e r than to point out another " d r a m a t i c turning point" which the working p r e s s failed to r e c a l l : And that i s the play by Brooks Robinson who,

Notice to Subscribers...
P l e a s e send u s your changes of adpost e office does dress. ~ o t i f ~ i n g t h not guarantee t h e i r forwarding 3 r d c l a s s m a i l . A s a m a t t e r of fact, they a r e not supposed t o f o r w a r d 3 r d c l a s s mail, consequently your "General"usual1y end up being r e t u r n e d t o u s o r placed in f i l e 13.

THE GENERAL

L
The Infiltrator's Report
Avalon Hill m a r k e t opens up in I r e land, handled by the National School of Motoring, 47 Sweetmount P a r k , Dublin 14, Ireland.. . H e r r Leber, f o r m e r G e r m a n officer c a p t u r e d in North Africa, w r o t e of the A f r i k a Korps game. " a s f a r a s the h i s t o r i c a l background i s concerned I should l i k e to mention that the c a m p of m i l i t a r y units, r e g i m e n t a l n u m b e r s and o t h e r d e t a i l s a r e in f a c t correct". H e r r L e b e r , a f t e r h i s POW interment, r e t u r n e d to G e r m a n y and i s now an executive a t F o r d - W e r k e Aktiengesellschaft, Koln-Niehl. You c a n c a l l h i m a t F e r n s c h r i e b e r 0888-1491. Watch New York T i m e s Book R e view Section, running through OctoberNovember, f o r Avalon Hill c o n s u m e r Don Connelly, advertisements. Baltimore, r e c o m m e n d s , " M a k e r s of Modern Strategy" Earle Princeton U. P r e s s , a s e x c e l l e n t reading Military r e s e a r c h s e r v i c e available f r o m "Design 3", c / o 1141 T r e m o n t S t r e e t , Duxbury, M a s s a c h u s e t t s ; "bec a u s e of the m i l i t a r y schooling I've had and the r e s o u r c e s a t m y command. I've much information to bring forth1', r e p o r t s John A d a m s ( a good, old New England name), 10 J u r a c k a P a r k w a y , Schnectady, N. Y. 12306.. the 6988th S e c u r i t y Squadron (USAFSS), Yokota A i r f o r c e Base, Japan, c u r r e n t l y playing the Indiana U. " i r r e g u l a r s " in four simultaneous g a m e s of Stalingrad. Another m a t c h with Duke U. i s scheduled; a l l to be r e p o r t e d in an upcoming a r t i c l e i n " S t a r s & Stripes", r e p o r t s S/Sgt. C h r i s t o p h e r R. Wagner, whose w a r g a m e s t e a m h a s r e c e i v e d official sanction by the USAF to engage university and o t h e r m i l i t a r y teams. S/Sgt. Zocchi, how about a challenge? B r i a n Libby. 16 William S t r e e t , Portland, Maine, h a s " D e s e r t War", a game of h i s concoction employing a i r , s e a and a r t i l l e r y power l e s c a l e grande. F o r l a c k of opponents he i s playing i t solitaire. Zocchi, if you chicken o u t against W a r n e r ' s Warriors, here's another challenge.

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m o r e informative a r t i c l e s of a h i s t o r i c a l nature.. .AH should cue u s in on how they go about designing a game such a s bibliography, p r i n c i p l e s of "not enough gamesmanship, etc. c o n t e s t s of skill". "get r i d of the editors". Baseball Strategy selling like hotc a k e s in Baltimore. Why n o t ? Box shows B a l t i m o r e ' s own M e m o r i a l Stadium i n a l l i t s World S e r i e s Pageantry, flags, buntings, sell-out crowd, etal. (Actually, pix w a s taken of a l l - s t a r game played in B a l t i m o r e 7 y e a r s ago. ) The official "1966 World S e r i e s Souven i r Edition" was only g a m e sanctioned f o r s a l e a t M e m o r i a l Stadium, itself. Too bad Baseball Strategy didn't t a s t e like hotcakes; we s u r e got hungry around the 6th and 7th innings. F r o m Elaine W. F o w l e r , The F o l g e r Shakespeare L i b r a r y ; "I have been a s sociated f o r o v e r a y e a r with a group engaged in drawing up a new c u r r i c u l u m f o r the teaching of h i s t o r y in s e c o n d a r y schools, specifically with a unit in Elizabethan history. I think your game (Shakespeare) would be a valuable a s s e t both in the study of h i s t o r y of the Shakespeare period and of English l i t e r a t u r e in the s e c o n d a r y school level". To eliminate e x t r a PBM c o r r e s p o n d ence when opponent f a i l s to l i s t a Stock M a r k e t closing date, B a r r y K. B r a n c h s u g g e s t s t h a t the 2nd date a f t e r the p o s t m a r k date be used in such i n s t a n c e s Playing g a m e s v i a c o m p u t e r s i s a new technique of training and r e s e a r c h i n u r b a n problems. The F o r d Foundation h a s announced two g r a n t s , totaling $230, 000.00 to Michigan State and C o r n e l l to help develop the "games. " F o r just $5.98 we could have saved t h e m the trouble..

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to be used in conjunction with a s a l e s promotion p r o g r a m introducing a brand new product by t h e i r chemical division. Called "the b e s t football game e v e r invented" by S p o r t s Illustrated, Footb a l l Strategy will be f e a t u r e d in Sporting News Gift section, November 19 issue.. ..Don't forget, you fellows who send u s questions: f o r the sake of expediency, p l e a s e enclose a selfa d d r e s s e d envelope containing plenty of f i r s t - c l a s s stamps. Otherwise, your questions will not r e c e i v e p r o p e r consideration. In fact, they might not even g e t answered.. "Haply your e y e shall light upon some toy you have d e s i r e to p u r c h a s e , " quoth 1 . "It Will Shakespeare, King Richard 1 i s the wise m a n who seeketh Avalon Hill g a m e s f o r C h r i s t m a s gifts," quoth Irving Shakespeare, S a l e s Manager.

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The Principles of War

Mass and Movement: Offensive Maneuver


By Capt. Mike F r a n k w i c z , Myron Brundage, Editor F o r the offensive, U. S. A r m y doct r i n e t e a c h e s f o u r b a s i c a t t a c k movem e n t s with t h e i r v a r i a t i o n s . These a r e a l s o found in the d o c t r i n e of other a r m i e s . They a r e the Envelopment, the Turning Movement, the Penetration, a n d the F r o n t a l Attack. To accomplish t h e s e , c e r t a i n control m e a s u r e s a r e u s e d , such a s assigning objectives t o subordinate units; the u s e of a x e s of advance, d i r e c t i o n of attack, o r zone of attack. The possibilities of the u s e of t h e s e c o n t r o l s f o r AH g a m e s involving s e v e r a l p l a y e r s can b e interesting and useful. Still a n o t h e r concept i s that of the m a i n a t t a c k a n d the secondary attack. Main a n d Secondary Attacks The m a i n a t t a c k i s designed t o a c complish o u r higher objectives. It i s e i t h e r pre-planned o r we develop it a s the situation develops. Once we have selected i t , t h i s i s where we throw o u r Sunday punch. We should however, s t r i v e t o maintain a r e s e r v e f o r c e a t a l l t i m e s . Secondary o r supporting a t t a c k s a r e designed t o deceive and pin down a s many enemy f o r c e s a s possible s o a s t o a i d the m a i n attack. Sometimes t h i s can b e accomplished by a demons t r a t i o n in f r o n t of the enemy, m e r e l y by placing r e s p e c t a b l e f o r c e s close t o h i m without actually attacking. Often secondary a t t a c k s prove m o r e s u c c e s s ful than the m a i n a t t a c k a n d a s a r e s u l t , we shift o u r e m p h a s i s and t h i s actually b e c a n e s o u r m a i n attack. The U. S. A r m y p r e f e r s f o r a l l echelons possible, even down t o rifle squad l e v e l , t o launch

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"The Tank", a heckuva well-done newsletter, though poorly m i m e o graphed, f r o m the M. I. T. Strategic G a m e s Society, Room 401 Student Center - 8 4 M a s s a c h u s e t t s Avenue, Cambridge, Mass. 02139, i s s p o n s o r ing "the g r e a t e s t campaign wargaming h a s e v e r known, Strategy I". A few commandant positions a r e s t i l l open kudos to Myron Brundage f o r h i s efforts, through s e l f - s p o n s o r e d AH survey, to obtain constructive c r i t i c i s m s f r o m AH game nuts - a few e x c e r p t s : "troop c o u n t e r s should be c o l o r coded to differentiate a r m o r , infantry, "The G e n e r a l needs a i r b o r n e , etc. I t . .

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WVAT, Alfred State T e c h broadcasting s e r v i c e , h a s o f f e r e d f r e e c o m m e r c i a l time to a d v e r t i s e Avalon Hill games. How come the f r e e t i m e ? Their b u s i n e s s m a n a g e r , Richard J. P a r a c k a , i s a long-time battle game .According nut, that's how come.. to J a m e s F. Dunnigan, "Kampf" contains the m o s t a c c u r a t e and meaningful h i s t o r i c a l d a t a of any s o u r c e f o r m i l i t a r y information. Mr. Dunnigan m a y be somewhat biased in this c o m m e n t since he e d i t s and publishes t h i s s e r i e s of 24-40 page booklets. H e ' s right, of course. So don't a s k questions - j u s t send h i m the five bucks (slightly higher f o r f o r e i g n e r s ) c / o Kampf, 8512 5th Avenue, Brooklyn, N.Y Chancellor sville g a m e s a r e becoming c o l l e c t o r ' s items. No longer available f r o m AH, t h i s title i s being t r a d e d and sold a t higher than f a i r t r a d e p r i c e s . Wish we had kept a couple around h e r e

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Shell Oil h a s selected Football S t r a t egy game, o v e r a l l o t h e r football g a m e s ,

THE GENERAL
main and secondary attacks. In AH g a m e s f r o m one t o a few such combinations a t a t i m e a r e usually possible r a t h e r than such a n a l l - encompas sing approach. We'll d i s c u s s developing main and secondary a t t a c k s a little l a t e r . The Envelopment L e t ' s look a t our b a s i c attack movements which we u s e to achieve m a s s and seize our local o r intermediate objectives. In the Envelopment, the main attack p a s s e s around o r over o u r opponent's main battle positions to s e i z e a l o c a l objective which will enable u s to destroy h i m in position. To conduct a ground envelopment a n a s s a i l a b l e enemy flank m u s t e x i s t o r be c r e a t e d in a previous move. The local objective chosen should dominate the escape routes of o u r opponent. A variation of t h i s move i s the double envelopment which m e e t s like a p i n c e r s behind the enemy with the s a m e purpose in mind: destroy him in position. the Envelopment. H e r e again we roll over o r around the enemy main battle positions. However, we seize a deeper objective i n o r d e r t o f o r c e our opponent to: 1 ) abandon h i s main battle position or 2 ) to d i v e r t m a j o r f o r c e s . . to fight on t e r r a i n chosen by us. TG Turning Movement enables u s to avoid fighting our opponent in h i s strong positions and f o r c e s him to fight u s l a t e r when we have the upper hand. Note the difference between t h i s maneuver and the Envelopment where we intended to d e s t r o y h i m in position. By i t s nature the Turning Movement i s usually a l a r g e r s c a l e operation than the Envelopment. When contemplating t h i s maneuver t h e r e a r e two b a s i c considerations. F i r s t , where, how and with how much a r e we going to t r y to get through; and secondly, what a r e we going to do when we get t h e r e ? As with the Envelopment i t can be accomplished with land, s e a and a i r borne o r by a combination of these type f o r c e s . When i t i n t e r f e r e s with your opponent's communications and supply l i n e s i t c a u s e s some v e r y interesting r e s u l t s . Improperly executed, i t m e r e l y gives h i m s o m e cheap counters to throw back into the box. The Turning Movement should be made with plenty of strength and should be supported by o t h e r f o r c e s putting p r e s s u r e on the enemy w h e r e v e r possible. Thenattempt to link up your f o r c e s a s soon a s possible. WATERLOO, BULGE. AFRIKA KORPS and STALINGRAD a r e four g a m e s that usually offer many opportunities f o r the u s e of the Turning Movement. Sometimes the other land games offer a n opportunity f o r i t s use. F o r example, watch the r a t r a c e that can s t a r t if the Allies in D-DAY find a flaw and pull off a Turning Movement through the North Sea beach a r e a . I t ' s happened!

. .

In F i g u r e 2 we s e e a deep envelopment one move away f r o m completion. The G e r m a n s have pushed back Soviet units to the North and South of the Red field a r m y holding the B r e s t - L i t o v s k a r e a thus creating a n a s s a i l a b l e flank where t h e Rus 6 unit i s . The Red playe r failed to get out in h i s t u r n and can be virtually destroyed in position in the type of situation a l l good German field m a r s h a l s hope f o r .

A CLOSE Vci A x ~uv~u"PM~bq@./ Afifttlt3iCr.S AND AlRBfEUE


A 53AU CT

Envelopments m a y be close o r deep depending upon the distance by which the main and supporting a t t a c k s (on the e n e m y ' s f r o n t ) a r e separated. We visualize a s many v a r i a t i o n s of t h i s in AH g a m e s a s in r e a l life. In F i g u r e 1 we s e e the c l o s e envelopment. The G e r m a n intermediate objective i s to s e i z e the communications center of Bastogne. (NOTE: R e f e r to t h e July 1966 a r t i c l e of t h i s s e r i e s to review the terminology and the concepts of t h e Objective.) To contribute t o t h i s achievement, the l o c a l objective i s the s e i z u r e of the high ground dominating the Northe a s t of the town and the destruction of a s many U. S. f o r c e s a s possible. The supporting o r secondary attack involves a "soak-off" against the U. S. stack of 12 f a c t o r s , (worth 24 in t h i s c a s e ) . The remaining units in the four G e r m a n stacks have p a s s e d around the flanks of the U. S. stack of 15 f a c t o r s , (worth 30 h e r e ) just enough to virtually i n s u r e i t s destruction in position.

The Penetration In the Penetration, the main attack f o r c e s a r u p t u r e in the e n e m y ' s line and p a s s e s through h i s main battle position to d e s t r o y the continuity of h i s defense. U. S. A r m y doctrine s t a t e s that Penetration includes t h r e e phases: 1 ) r u p t u r e of the e n e m y ' s forward position, 2 ) widening the gap, and 3 ) s e i z u r e of objectives which destroy the continuity of the enemy's defense. The Penetration i s r e q u i r e d when our opponent h a s no a s s a i l a b l e flanks, o r t h e r e i s insufficient t i m e t o envelop. We should favor the Penetration, howe v e r , when the opponent's front i s over-extended and weak. In AH games i t i s often difficult to accomplish p h a s e s 2) and 3), because a f t e r a successful r u p t u r e in phase l ) , the defend-

Another variation i s possible in g a m e s like TACTICS 11, D-DAY and BLITZKRIEG where a n a e r i a l envelopment ( s o m e t i m e s called v e r t i c a l envelopment) can take place through the u s e of a i r b o r n e o r a i r a s s a u l t units. In F i g u r e 3 the Allies a r e storming the beach in the Le Havre a r e a . The G e r man static division in L e Havre i s ,'kaput11i n position a s a r e s u l t of a n a e r i a l envelopment and a n amphibious a s s a u l t which have completed a close double envelopment. The Turning Movement The Turning Movement i s s i m i l a r to

THE GENERAL
e r can see a t once what i s happening on the board and react to it in his turn. This tends to result in a pushing type action. This clarity and the controlled timing of AH games do not exist ordinarily in r e a l life combat and maneuv e r s . The Frontal Attack i s the usual variation of the Penetration that we see, which i s nothing more than pushing the opponent back with our m a s s against his main battle position. Another variation of the Penetration that sometimes h a s usefulness i s Infiltration. This i s moving forces through gaps in the opponent's lines to operate temporarily in his r e a r , in close cooperation with our main forces. The types of missions possible might ihclude raids, feints, seizure of critical terrain, blocking actions o r attack. Since small units a r e dormally used for this and most AH counters represent *largerunits, i t i s usually too risky to t r y it. Besides, our opponent can see the gameboard a t l e a s t a s well a s we can, so he can usually be well aware of what's going on. Still, AFRIKA KORPS, BLITZKRIEG and occasionally WATERLOO offer opportunities to use this technique. Conclusion As we mentioned before, when we discuss offensive movement with AH games, we run into the problem of our defensive opponent being able to see the situation a s it i s on the board and thus being immediately able to react to it. In actual combat o r maneuvers, information available to defending commande r s i s frequently incomplete and the situation lacks clarity. It may be some time before the defender realizes what i s happening to him, even if his forces a r e succe~ssfulin defeating it. As a result in many AH games, our attempts a t Envelopment, Penetration o r Turning Movement actually become pushing actions in which our opponent can quickly size up the situation. If he can't r e s t o r e it, he re-organizes and falls back. When through a mistake o r lack of skill your opponent allows you to complete one of these maneuvers, seize the opportunity he h a s given you to make it a decisive one. Various games s u c h a s BLITZKRIEG, TACTICS 11, and to some extent AFRIKA KORPS and D-DAY to mention some, give u s some additional tools that we can use to achieve m a s s and movement. The automatic victory, airborne, a i r assault, a i r transport, SAC and TAC, amphibious and nuclear rules a r e a l l tools that we can use to employ Envelopments, Penetrations and Turning Movements. Now that we have covered the basics of using Mass and Movement in the a t tack, we will t r y to .show you how to apply these principles to prevent your opponent from beating you. Next i s sue, Defense and Retrograde. Much print in the GENERAL has been given to offensive operations, and not too much to defense and escape. We think we'll have a good one for you on the basics of this subject. Comments to Capt. Mike Frankwicz, 2820 Beechwood Lane, Bridgeton, Missouri; Myron Brundage, 2437 W. Sunnyside, Chicago, Illinois.

PAGE 6
In summary, your German opponent may capture the American Bailey bridge over the Ourthe (BB29), a s actually happened, but his supply roads a r e still controlled by the crucial junctions at Bastogne and Baraque de Fraiture. Though you can build a f o r t r e s s a t B. de F., if you maintain your positions in the fortified goose-egg, you will: (a) slow the infiltration around B. de F. for many turns; (b) protect Spa, Trois Ponts and the northern road net; and (c) threaten St. Vith and the Houffalize road, tying down German divisions needed elsewhere. Though I have yet to see it done, your re-taking St. Vith, with the aid of 9th and 30th Inf., would be a game-shattering coup. Bulge: SIEGE OR ASSAULT? In a regular tournament game of Bulge, the German commander will probably face a f o r t r e s s in his path several times. Whether to launch an assault, o r to besiege and bypass, i s the value judgment he must make. An assault a t 3:l o r better, against the tripled-defense factors, can mean t e r rible attrition if "exchange" i s drawn, especially under PBM results with a 2 0 7 '0 ' chance of exchange; an .excellent opponent of mine recently left 10 CCA & CCB in Bastogne an exchange at that rate would have meant my instant doom a total of 42 factors, only 32 of which could have been infantry. On the other hand, bypassing will cost l o s s of movement unless alternative supply roads a r e open. The German commander must decide 'how badly he needs the fortress: if the road i s vital for supply, o r to aid movement from one a r e a to another, it may be worth an assault. If he i s moving slowly, and has alternative roads, the f o r t r e s s can be besieged and bypassed. Clervaux i s an example of the latter: two inf. regiments can surround the town until the allied unit surrenders. while you supply your German troops f r o m the St. Vith-Bastogne roads. Even Bastogne can be bypassed, if you a r e being held to a crawl by allieddefenses on the Ourthe.

The Fortified Goose- Egg


by Barry K. Branch In the actual Battle of the Bulge, while the 5th Panzer Army poured West and surrounded Bastogne. Sepp Dietrich' s 6th SS Panzer Army which was planned to make the main breakthrough - was badly jammed by stubborn r e sistance a t St. Vith and the Elsenborn Ridge. After St. Vith fell, Sepp's forces were again stopped by the "fortified goose-egg", around Vielsalm and the hills to the East. Though Sepp (whose death and funeral lastMay were pictured on Huntley-Brinkley) attacked the egg from North, E a s t and South, i t continued to stall him until Dec. 23rd, when Montgomery pulled the Americans back "to tidy up his lines". Monty's move i s still strongly disputed, since the blockage of Sepp's drive had caused Hitler to divert much of Sepp's panzer strength to the 5th pz a r m y command. (Source: OCMH, Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge, ETO. ) In the A-Hversion, i t i s not possible for you, a s Allied commander, to hold St. Vith for long, but i t i s feasible to f o r m the egg, and block the entire a r e a north of the Ourthe tributary for several vital turns. Units a t Elsenborn and QQ13 a r e tactically good, to cut the l a t e r a l road, but the positions cannot be held, since they will be attacked surrounded by the German f o r c e s which have taken St. Vith. I believe i t better to use elements of 99th and 2nd Inf. to form a line a t P P l 1 , PP13 and 0016. (This involves shifting the southern American f o r c e s northward: 28/109 into Clervaux, and other 28th units to the NN line, while 9th Armored covers the hills behind Clervaux and E a s t of Wiltz, and 4th Inf. holds near Diekirch, depending which units remain. ) Another egg position i s a t Malmedy. NN15, NN17 and LL19. Your objective i s to hold the egg until reinforced by 7th Armored. If the egg holds, 1st Inf. can add its weight; if you a r e falling back, the Big Red One can stop and fortify the town of F r a i t u r e (FFZZ) in the woods bottleneck, and Baraque de F r a i t u r e (DD24) the vital road junction which protects the entire flank and r e a r of the northern area.

In the event you decide to bypass a f o r t r e s s , I recommend you leave two units adjacent and on opposite sides, to besiege it: (a) they maintain the isolation, and (b) if the defender t r i e s to break out, he must attack a l l adjacent units. Even though you bypass, it i s often worth a small diversion of forces (strictly in addition to, and not including, the besiegers) for small probing attacks a t the fortress. With a 7-4 and 4 - 4 f o r t r e s s a s an example, the defense has 33 factors; a 3:l assault would tie down 99 of your attack factors, and would be impractical. Even a t 2: 1, you would need 66 attack

PAGE 7
f a c t o r s . Using P B M r e s u l t s , you have a 20% chance of "A back", 30% chance of "engaged", 2070 chance of "contact1' which h a s no effect, and a 30% chance of success. At 1:1, t h e r e i s a 20% chance of "D back", and you m u s t u s e 33 f a c t o r s . At only 1:2, y o u n e e d k s e only 1 7 f a c t o r s . but still have a 20% chance of s u c c e s s . Thus your chance of v i c t o r y a t 1: 2 i s only 10% l e s s than a t 2: 1, and you f r e e considerable f o r c e s f o r w o r k e l s e w h e r e . In s u m m a r y , and c i r c u m s t a n c e s warranting, I offer the tactic of bypassing the enemy f o r t r e s s , but leaving a few f a c t o r s to besiege, and a few f a c t o r s to a t t a c k a t 1:2. The units should not a l l be u s e d to attack, since you m a y d r a w "A b a c k 2" and allow a b r e a k in isolation. Starting Positions: Bismarck: D-4 Hood (guarding ship) A-4 Repulse (damaged s h i p ) A-5 1s t Move: Hood: Repulse: Bismarck: 2nd Move: Hood: Repulse: Bismarck: 3 r d Move: Hood: Repulse: Bismarck: 4th Move: Hood: Repulse: Bismarck: B-4 B-4 A-5 o r A - 5 D-5 D-4 Repulse: Bismarck: 3 r d Move: Hood: Ramilles: Repulse: Bismarck: 4th Move: Hood: R a m i l l e s: Repulse: Bismarck:

THE GENERAL

C-5 C-4 A-5 o r A-4 C-4 C-5

B-5 B-4 A-6 o r A - 3 C-5 C-4

B-6 B-3 A-7 o r A - 2 C-6 C-3

British Battle Board Strategy


by J a r e d Johnson Nothing n e e d s t o b e said about how the B r i t i s h u s e two s h i p s to t r a p the B i s m a r c k on the Battle B o a r d . Howe v e r , t h e r e a r e a few i m p o r t a n t maneuv e r s the B r i t i s h player should b e f a m i l i a r with when h e i s in the position of having t o u s e one good b a t t l e s h i p t o p r o t e c t a damaged ship which i s r e a d y t o go down, a g a i n s t the B i s m a r c k on the Battle Board. T h i s i s e x t r e m e l y i m portant if sinking t h e damaged ship will m e a n a n automatic v i c t o r y f o r the B i s m a r c k . The B r i t i s h player will want t o keep the B i s m a r c k f r o m f i r i n g on the damaged ship a s long a s possible, a n d when t h i s f a i l s , a t l e a s t t o keep the damaged ship out of A range. Of c o u r s e , while he i s going through t h e s e maneuv e r s t o b e explained shortly h e m u s t decide whether he wants t o play the Chance Table and t r y f o r a withdrawal, o r r i s k having h i s damaged ship sunk while he i s f i r i n g on t h e B i s m a r c k with h i s good ship. F i r s t , we need a g r i d coordinate. With the South end of the b o a r d facing you, n u m b e r the row a t the top (northw e s t - n o r t h e a s t ) f r o m one t o seven and the v e r t i c a l row a t the l e f t (northwestsouthwest) f r o m A t o G s t a r t i n g a t t h e top. The b e s t a single ship can do t o p r o t e c t one o t h e r damaged ship f r o m t h e B i s m a r c k on the Battle B o a r d i s t o keep the B i s m a r c k completely out of r a n g e on the f i r s t t u r n , and t o keep the B i s m a r c k f r o m moving i n t o A r a n g e on that ship f o r the next t h r e e t u r n s . By that t i m e the battle will have been r e s o l v e d one way o r the o t h e r . (Damaged ship will be sunk, B i s m a r c k will be sunk, o r a withdrawal called f o r , e t c . ) F o l lowing i s a n example of how t h i s can b e done.

Two good s h i p s protecting one d a m aged ship. B r i t i s h moves f i r s t : Notice what happens if you make the common m i s t a k e of s t a r t i n g a l l t h r e e ships -out on the side instead of in the c o r n e r , f o r instance A - 3 , 4 . 5 with the damaged ship in t h e middle. The Bism a r c k g e t s into B r a n g e on the damaged ship on the 2nd t u r n . Once again, the battle will have been r e s o l v e d one way o r the o t h e r by the fourth t u r n . O r if you want t o protect one ship but s t i l l make s u r e you get a c r a c k a t the B i s m a r c k with the o t h e r two, u s e the following plan: Starting Positions: Bismarck: Hood (guarding ship): Romney (guarding ship): Renown (damaged ship): 1 s t Move: Hood: Romney: Renown: Bismarck: 2nd Move: Hood: Romney: Renown: Bismarck: 3 r d Move: Hood: D-4 D- 1 D-7 A-7

One good ship protecting one damaged ship. B r i t i s h moves f i r s t : R e m e m b e r that the B r i t i s h player moves f i r s t each t u r n . Notice that if the B r i t i s h player s t a r t s off both s h i p s in the c o r n e r that the B i s m a r c k autom a t i c a l l y g e t s into B r a n g e on the f i r s t t u r n and A r a n g e on the t h i r d t u r n . Likewise, if the Hood r e t r e a t s instead of advancing on the second t u r n in the example above. F o r two B r i t i s h ships guarding one damagedship:

Starting Positions: Bismarck Hood (guarding ship): R a m i l l e s (guarding ship): Repulse (damaged ship): 1 s t Move: Hood: R a m i l l e s: Repulse: Bismarck: 2nd Move: Hood: R a m i l l e s:

D-4 A-6 B-7 A-7

PAGE 8
Romney: Renown: Bismarck: 4th Move: Hood: Romney: Renown: Bismarck: Any c o m m e n t s on t h i s a r t i c l e should be a d d r e s s e d t o J a r e d Johnson. 1548 Rochelle D r i v e , Chamblee, G e o r g i a Q B l i n e s , f o r m a l i n e a l m o s t perpendicul a r to the Genappe, anchoring on h i l l W31, of the s a m e type. Important: on the t u r n of t h i s m a j o r fallback, l e a v e enough s m a l l u n i t s i n the F r e n c h m a n ' s way t o keep h i m f r o m your m a j o r l i n e f o r a t u r n . With your e x t r a t u r n you will have a n opportunity t o make the defense even m o r e complete. At t h i s t i m e , the P r u s s i a n s f r o m Tilly should h a v e been a r r i v i n g on the scene to p r e y on weak r e a r - g u a r d F r e n c h p i e c e s . Now your opponent will e i t h e r have t o delay h i s heavy onslaught t o kill off t h e s e t r o u b l e m a k e r s , o r l e t t h e m continue t o bite a t h i s h e e l s . Now Napoleon h a s t r o o p s t o h i s f r o n t , l e f t , and r e a r , and the f o r e s t B o r s de Mez a t h i s right. If y o u ' r e s t r o n g enough, i t h e l p s t o c o u n t e r a t t a c k with t h e Nivelles l i n e on h i s flank, while he a s s a u l t s t h e r i v e r line. By the t i m e the Genappe i s broken, i t should be d a r n n e a r , if not t h e 18th. P l a y a delaying g a m e with weak u n i t s , c o n s e r v i n g y o u r s t r o n g e r piles f o r c o u n t e r a t t a c k s a t t h e right-front. It will probably be a c l o s e finish, but you should be a b l e t o get t h e IV C o r p s i n just i n t i m e , introducing Napoleon to h i s Waterloo. d o e s go f o r Now: What if Napoleon your Tilly P r u s s i a n s a n d / o r Nivelle s ? If 45-60-odd f a c t o r s come a t you a t Tilly, play a delaying game with t h e m , keeping your m a i n f o r c e just out of t h e i r reach; until they t h r e a t e n t o flank y o u r m a i n position. Then you m u s t give batt l e . If y o u ' r e c h a s e d a l l the way down t h e Dyle t o Wavre, then i t ' s n e a r t i m e t o go to Waterloo, a n d , if you've delayed well, you m a y b e a b l e t o unite with the IV a n d d e s t r o y t h e m . O v e r a l l , the longe r y o u ' r e chased, the l o n g e r t h o s e f a c t o r s a r e doing nothing. In f a c t , t h e r e ' s a good r e p e t i t i o n of Grouchy. If Nivell e s i s t h r e a t e n e d , you m a y have t o send m o r e QB P r u s s i a n s t o a s s i s t , but k e e p i n mind m o s t of y o u r e a r l y r e i n f o r c e m e n t s c o m e f r o m Nivelles. In a n y c a s e , a t t a c k s t o e i t h e r side will d r a w t r o o p s f r o m the c e n t e r , slowing o r p o s s i b l y halting the m a i n advance. T h i s defense i s designed mainly f o r t h o s e Napoleons who l i k e quick s e i s u r e of QB, and a g g r e s s i v e movement down t h e c e n t e r . If your opponent h a s a sudden change of plans, take the heights, and send r e i n f o r c e m e n t s t o t h e m a i n a r e a of attack. The key word in W a t e r l o o is flank. T h i s defense k e e p s a minim u m of f l a n k s , and gives you many opportunities to flank. I hope t h i s \ w i l l l e t a n y of you d i s h e a r t e n e d PAA p l a y e r s repeat history. C o m m e n t s , p e r h a p s ? Steve Bachmann, 946 L i l a c L a n e , Highland P a r k , Illinois, Zip 60035.

Submarines at Midway
by R i c h a r d Gutenkunst F o r t u n a t e l y , the Japs have a n advant a g e i n the p r e s e n t Midway game. How c o m e I ' m s o p l e a s e d ? My p e r s o n a l opinion i s that t h e U.S. player s u f f e r s f r o m a d e a r t h of t a c t i c a l v a r i a t i o n s that he c a n s u c c e s s f u l l y u s e , while, judging f r o m the g r e a t e r s p a c e given to Japanese t a c t i c s in the G e n e r a l , the Japanese have a r e l a t i v e l y r i c h e r r e p e r t o i r e . Now, if one will trouble to consult Samuel Eliot M o r i s o n ' s m a s s i v e H i s t o r y of United States Naval Operations in World War 11, one will notice that the U. S. had eleven s u b m a r i n e s in the a r e a r e p r e s e n t e d by Avalon H i l l ' s s e a r c h b o a r d , while the Japs had only the 1-168. I add t h e s u b m a r i n e s t o t h e g a m e , with the consequence that each side h a s a n o t h e r v a r i a b l e t o c o n s i d e r a n d the U. S. p l a y e r c a n u s e s o m e h a i r y Midway - C a r r i e r s - Submarine coo p e r a t i o n plans. The above hint should allow a lot of you t o evolve your own s u b m a r i n e inclusion plan, but I will now outline m i n e i n c a s e you don't f e e l l i k e taking t h e trouble. The U. S. s u b m a r i n e s a r e divided into t h r e e g r o u p s , r e p r e s e n t e d by t h r e e blank blue c o u n t e r s , labeled 1, 2, and 3. G r o u p s 1 and 2 have f o u r s u b m a r i n e a e a c h , while g r o u p 3 h a s t h r e e . T h e s e c o u n t e r s may s t a r t on any zone s q u a r e e a s t of t h e E column inclusive a t the s t a r t of t h e g a m e . Movement i s l i m i t e d t o one zone s q u a r e p e r t u r n . The codnte r s c a n b e found by a i r s e a r c h , but cannot be a t t a c k e d by a i r . I i g n o r e the p r e s e n c e of t h e Japanese s u b m a r i n e f o r r e a s o n s that will become obvious. The p r e s e n c e of one o r m o r e of the submarine counters in an a r e a square a l l o w s the U. S. player t o s e a r c h i t . If a t any t i m e the U. S. player finds a Japa n e s e ship on t h e s a m e o r adjacent zone s q u a r e a s one of h i s s u b m a r i n e counte r s , h e r o l l s the die. If he r o l l s a n even n u m b e r , h e m u s t a t t a c k the Japa n e s e ship of h i s choice. If he r o l l s a n odd n u m b e r , no s u b m a r i n e a t t a c k t a k e s place. If he d o e s get a n a t t a c k , he r o l l s the d i e a g a i n , getting a s many h i t s a s t h e n u m b e r on t h e d i e shows, except if h e r o l l s a five o r a s i x , which a r e m i s s e s . If he r o l l s a n even n u m b e r , one of the U. S. p l a y e r ' s s u b s i s sunk and th_e value of t h e counter involved i s r e duced accordingly. T h e r e a r e two exceptions t o t h e hit r e s u l t s . When a t tacking the Atago, only one h i t maximum i s allowed p e r t u r n . A c r i p p l e , if the U. S. player r o l l s a n attack, i s sunk automatically. The J a p a n e s e player g e t s one point f o r e v e r y two s u b m a r i n e s sunk, s o one

On to St. Helena
by Steve Bachmann So f a r , t h e b e s t s t r a t e g y I've found f o r the F r e n c h i s one l i k e t h e one p r e sented i n the July '66 G e n e r a l by T o m E l l e r . If you have anopponent you know t h a t l i k e s t o s t o r m Q u a t r e B r a s quickly, h e r e i s a defense. T h i s defense c a l l s f o r v i r t u a l l y no b a t t l e s a t Ligny, o r the QB heights. H e r e i s your initial setup: Just behind Tilly (X18-X19) place two s t a c k s of 15, including f o u r 6 - 4 ' s . Behind t h e m put s o m e e x t r a s m a l l c a v a l r y . T h e r e s t of your P r u s s i a n power put n e a r QB, with two heavy 1 5 ' s guarding 2 2 4 and Y24, guarding you f r o m a quick flanking movement. The r e s t put into s t r o n g s t a c k s ( a t l e a s t 12 f a c t o r s ) a n d unite t h e m a s soon a s p o s s i b l e with t h e A l l i e s f o r a l i n e a t QB. If you have a n y s m a l l leftovers, prepare to send them in the d i r e c t i o n of Nivelles. Now Napoleon h a s s t o r m e d t h e heights of QB. L e t h i m have t h e m . Any c o u n t e r a t t a c k s will b e s a c r i f i c i n g your m a i n f o r c e , and w h e n h e b r e a k s through, t h e r e won't b e much between h i m a n d B r u s s e l s . Instead, m a k e h i m a s s a u l t a heavy l i n e a t QB i t s e l f . P u t s o m e u n i t s t o p r e v e n t h i m f r o m coming through the woods j u s t t o t h e h e i g h t s ' right. The woods a r o u n d the heights will h a m p e r a n y powerful c o n c e n t r a t i o n s f o r a f r o n t a l a s s a u l t . So, y o u r opponent will h a v e t o a t t a c k t h e two 1 5 ' s a t Z & Y 24 with h i s m a i n f o r c e f r o m F l e u r u s . By the t i m e t h o s e two s t a c k s a r e moved, t h e 16th should b e o v e r . Now your l e f t flank i s finally exposed. Before I go into the next move, though, I should say t h a t we a r e a s s u m i n g t h a t Napoleon i n t h i s c a s e i s not sending f o r c e s t o Tilly, ( i t ' s a w a s t e of 50 f a c t o r s ) a n d Nivelles i s too f a r . Those p o s s i b i l i t i e s will b e d i s c u s s e d a t t h e end. Now y o u ' r e exposed. B u t b e f o r e t h e F r e n c h m a n c a n enjoy the f r u i t s of h i s l a b o r , send enough t r o o p s b a c k behind t h e Genappe s o you c a n have e a c h s q u a r e worth about twelve, doubled. Now, with your t r o o p s and r e i n f o r c e m e n t s f r o m Nivelles, and a n y l e f t - o v e r s f r o m t h e
,

PAGE 9
needs to keep a record of the strength of the sub groups. Besides, once a group i s reduced to two submarines i t i s not allowed to search a n a r e a square and i s not able to attack enemy ships. However, two o r more understrength sub groups may function together a s one counter in the same search a r e a so long a s they total a t l e a s t three submarines. Send your comments, gripes, and bombs, and incidentally any questions on the submarine tactics I u s e to Richard Gutenkunst, Box 204, Mott, North Dakota. b. The German should avoid attacking with only panzer units a t odds of l e s s than 5 to 1. An exchange can really hurt. Also prevents the allied player from surrounding your forces without supplies when you a r e attacking Tobruch. c. Use the Rommel unit to help get supplies and reinforcements to the front faster. When Tobruch falls move home base and Bengasi garrisons up to the action, unless there a r e allied troops west of Tobruch. Address all comments to: Christopher Meagher. 46 Lehigh Ave., Rochester, New York 14619. Poles 7A/1 7A/2

THE GENERAL

- sea - sea - sea


$2
SUP

7/31 Mot - K-18 2/2SG Bengasi #1 sup Tobruch J-62

(A better move for the 2/2SG would be to attack Ariete a t 1-5 hoping to get a r e t r e a t that would prolong i t s lifespan. However, since no one has ever tried that move against me, I'm not using i t here. ) F o r the Axis second turn, we will assume that the supply unit i s sunk. Asteriks denote that the units got Romm e l t s bonus. Here a r e the positions: Trenta - M-15* Pavia W-3 Brescia M-15* Ariete - C-14 Bologna-G-2 2113-R-29 211104 P-22 Savena 1-2 Rommel M-15 2115 P-22 1st supply M-15*

Operations Oasis
by Christopher Meagher PHASE 1. Capture of Bengasi: Leaving one 2-2-4 to garrison your home base, surround Bengasi by placing your troops a s follows: 21st. Panzer Division to G-2 Ariete Armoured Division to H-3 3 Italian 2-3-4 infantry to 1-3 1 Italian 2-2-4 & supply unit(s) to K-3 It should be noted that using a short cut from W-9 to S-9 makes this possible. PHASE 2. Capture of Tobruch: It i s now May 1941. Leave a 2-2-4 to garrison Bengasi and the Rommel unit to help f e r r y supplies into and out of this fortress. Move 15th Panzer Division a s f a s t a s possible toward Bengasi. With remaining troops head f o r Tobruch. If Allies leave delaying forces in Cyrennica mountains eliminate them by combat o r isolation depending on their strength. By June 1941 you should be approaching the Tobruch defenses. At best the allies should have two 4-4-7s and one 3 -3 -7 in Tobruch and one o r two 2-2-6s a t sea for replacements. Surround Tobruch with 2lst. and 15th. panzers and a s much Italian units a s available. Make sure no Allied units can either capture o r cut off your supplies. At the very latest, Tobruch should fall by October 1941. PHASE 3. Capture of Home Base: Using your November reinforcements to hold the line, attack any allies line a t it's southern flank with your mobile panzer divisions. When this i s no longe r possible due to the Quatre Depression make repeated attacks along the Northern Coast to draw any r e s e r v e s into the area. When this happens shift your strength southward. If a l l goes well the Germans should be celebrating the New Year in Alexandria.

Across the Sands


by Bill Stone The Objective and Mission Seeing - a s Tobruch i s the keystone of the British position, i t i s necessary for the Axis commander to take that city and deprive the Allies of their be s t defensive position. Thus, the objective of this plan i s the capture of Tobruch. The mission i s to force the Allies out of the defensive po sitions in the e scarpments west of Tmimi and south-west of Bir Hacheim. The plan submitted here envisions the out-flanking of the Allies a t the P-28 a r e a and exerting p r e s s u r e around Tmimi and south of the 5- 17 pass. The Plan With the prerequisites above kept in mind, here i s the Axis f i r s t move: Pavia Ariete Bologna Savena Rommel

The Axis forces continue to t r y and stretch the Allied lines so that a weak link can be attacked o r a wide flanking maneuver will make the Allied po sitions untenable. Here i s the second Allied move: 7A/2 P-32 7/21 Mot K-18 7A/1 - P-30 Poles - K-18 4115 0-26 9AI2O H-17 4117 - 0-26 22 Gd - G-18 41/11 0 - 2 6 # 1 sup - Tobruch 213 - N-23 # 2 sup 5-62 2/2SG i s eliminated

- W-3 - H-3 - 5-3 - J-3 - S-15


1st supply

Trenta S-15 Brescia S-15 2113 T-24 211104 M-15 2115 M-15 S-15

, NOTES: a. This Plan i s of a conservative nature and may seem slow moving to most wargamers. However, i t was designed mainly for the purpose of securing supply lines for the Axis. With average luck on the supply and combat tables the German commander can keep up with the timetable described above.

While Pavia covers the home base, Ariete, Bologna, and Savena isolate the British 212SG in Bengasi; 2113 moves south of the escarpment to stretch the Allied lines eastward; the remainder of the 21st division advances past Msus into a position f r o m which i t can: move north-east to Tmimi and along the coast road to Tobruch, go through the pass to Gazala and thence to Tobruch, go through the p a s s toward Knightsbridge, o r south-east to an escarpment square; Trenta and Brescia along with the supply unit and Rommel stop several squares south of Msus. As can easily be seen, the Allies a r e presented with adequate forces. Here i s a typical Allied response: 4115 - sea 4117 sea 41/11 - sea

Later Moves The Axis commander i s now presented with several different moves that can fairly well promise the capture of Tobruch. The 2113 can continue flanking the Allies, toward Maddalena and Sidi'Omar o r help in an attack on the central portion of the British line. Attacks can be made on the western sector of the Allied line. At any rate. i t i s supposed that this i s the l a s t turn that the defensive line can be held. The Axis f o r c e s can then push to Tobruch and the escarpments around it. The 2113 can push toward the Allied home base o r support the assault on Tobruch. Savena and Bologna should be hurried e a s t from Bengasi and the newly arrived 15th division should race a c r o s s the hump of Cyrenica. address a l l comments and c r i t i c i s m s to Bill Stone, Box 547, Fredericksburg, Virginia 22401.

......

Formula 1 for Fun


by Sanford Pliskin and Kenneth Hoffman When was the l a s t time you saw a Ford GT running a t Monaco, one of the world's toughest Formula 1 courses? The r e a l event a t Monaco never has any of the c a r s AH used in Le Mans. We

22 Gd - G-18 213 H-16 9A120 K-18

THE GENERAL
have a s e t of F o r m u l a 1 specification c a r d s (Appendix J , Category C, Group 7 , F o r m u l a 1 C a r s ) which you can r u n r e a l i s t i c a l l y on the Monte C a r l o c o u r s e , in your L e Mans s e t . ( A s a m a t t e r of f a c t , the r e a l n a m e of the c o u r s e i s Monaco where the F l ' s r a c e - Monte C a r l o i s the n a m e of the world-famous rally. ) c a r s AH h a s a r e a l l 2 - s e a t e r s p o r t s c a r s ; the c a r s h e r e a r e r e f l e c Repco-Brabham: Lotus-BRM: Eagle. Ferrari. Cooper-Maserati: BRM: 7-10-12- 14- 16- 17 7-11-12-13-15-18
- - -

PAGE 10
tions of pure r a c i n g machines - the o n e - s e a t e r four-wheels-exposed type. Below a r e the g e a r speeds a n d h a r d brakings f o r each of the seven c a r s . You m a y shift down 2 g e a r s without h a r d braking; 3 g e a r s with 1 HB; e t c . All c a r s have 5 g e a r s and Top Speed except f o r the BRMand C o o p e r - M a s e r a t i which have 6 a n d T . S. (Works t e a m d r i v e r s a r e named. ) 8 8 8 8 8 10 9 HB HB HB HB HB HB HB B r a b h a m , Hulme C l a r k , Arundell M c L a r e n , Amon Gurney, Grant Bandini, Scarfiotti Ginther, Rindt Hill, Stewart

AH Clubs
by Raymond L . Piche In the September i s s u e of the "GENERAL", t h e r e w e r e 56 a d s in which Clubs a n d / o r A r m i e s of Clubs w e r e mentioned. T h e r e w e r e a l s o a couple of disputes. Some of the Clubs a r e l a r g e (national) while some a r e s m a l l ( l o c a l ) . Disputes raged between control of s t a t e s , t o control of a r e a s . Defeats of A r m i e s a r e claimed, then denied. I define a CLUB a s a group of w a r g a r n e r s banned together under one name. I a d d r e s s t h i s t o clubs such a s AGGRESSOR, CASCP, CONTROL, DUSK, PRAETORIAN BATTLE GROUP, ROGUES, SPECTRE, THRUSH, UNCLE, USCAC, WARLORDS, and WORLD CONQUEST, INC., e t c . I propose a league of clubs, to compete on a s t a t e , regional, then national l e v e l . F o r a club to have r e p r e s e n t a tion in a s t a t e , t h e r e m u s t be a t l e a s t 5 m e m b e r s , in that s t a t e . Individuals who a r e not a s s o c i a t e d with a club, but d e s i r e t o compete should contact a club, o r contact s i m i l a r individuals i n t h e i r s t a t e , and f o r m a club ( a t l e a s t 5 m e m b e r s ) . It i s possible that individuals m a y not b e able t o c o n t a c t w a r g a m e r s i n t h e i r own s t a t e , o r a club. Those who find t h e m s e l v e s i n t h i s situation but still want to compete, w r i t e t o m e , and I shall group a l l of you t o g e t h e r , and t h e s e m e m b e r s will r e p r e s e n t the f i r s t s t a t e of t h e i r new group, alphabetically. I shall a c t a s coordinator f o r t h i s league, and shall s e t t l e a l l disputes p a s s e d on t o m e by the s t a t e commande r s competing with each o t h e r . All CLUB COMMANDERS i n t e r e s t e d w r i t e t o m e , listing: 1 ) Total m e m b e r ship (nationwide) 2 ) O r d e r of Battle (nationwide) 3 ) M e m b e r s h i p on the s t a t e level 4 ) G a m e s and side p r e f e r e n c e s that each s t a t e command will play Enclose a s e l f - a d d r e s s e d , envelope. stamped

-.

6-11-12-13-16-18 6-10-12-13-15- 17 7- 9- 10-13-15- 17- 18 4- 9-11-12-14-16- 19

All of the 5-speed c a r s take c o r n e r s in 2nd (chance: 3 r d ) . The CooperM a s e r a t i t a k e s h a i r p i n s in 2nd (chance: 3 r d ) ; s h a r p c o r n e r s in 3 r d (chance: 4th). The BRM t a k e s both i n 3 r d (chance: 4th). Over-revving i s the s a m e a s in the

standardized g a m e , a s i s the chance table. F o r added r e a l i s m , runqualifications r a c e s before the s t a r t : f a s t e s t t i m e g e t s the pole a t the s t a r t . Don't f o r g e t team strategy, either.

Ultimate German Defense


by Mike Clothier The following defense i s n e i t h e r impregnable, indomitable n o r unconquerable. I t i s , however, the b e s t defensive s t r a t a g e m that couldpossibly be devised. In the G e r m a n d e f e n s e s of the p a s t no one even m a d e a n a t t e m p t to defend a l l invasion a r e a s ; evidently these people r e a d A. H. ' s b a s i c g e r m a n s t r a t e g y and decided that s o m e of the a r e a s should be well protected and o t h e r s should be l e s s fortified such a s Brittany and Biscay. It w a s n o t e a s y but a f t e r making hundreds of changes a defense w a s devised. South F r a n c e w a s l e f t unprotected because of the supply rule. B a s ically the defense c a n be defined a s a strong c o a s t a l defense ( i n a l l a r e a s ) backed up by a counter-attacking forcd in c a s e of a s u c c e s s f u l a t t a c k a t a c o a s t a l position. T h i s f o r c e i s s t r o n g e r in those a r e a s which a r e c l o s e r to the p r e c i o u s Rhineland a r e a . The two e x t r e m i t i e s c a n be s e e n by o b s e r v i n g Biscay which h a s a l m o s t no s e c o n d a r y f o r c e but i s s e c u r e l y defended b e c a u s e of the limited n u m b e r of a t t a c k s q u a r e s and supply. The o t h e r e x t r e m e being the North S e a a r e a w h e r e the c o a s t i s defended well and t h e r e i s a l s o a v e r y s t r o n g Beachhead Repulsion F o r c e (BRF). The G e r m a n f o r c e s a r e n o t highly concentrated i n any one a r e a because of allied a i r power. The B R F i n e a c h invasion a r e a s e r v e s Z p u r p o s e s to r e p u l s e invasions, a s you m a y have guessed, and a s a protective s c r e e n against p a r a t r o o p a s s i s t a n c e to c o a s t a l a t t a c k s ( t h i s c a n be seen b e s t in the Brittany a r e a ) . If the Allied p l a y e r a s s a u l t s e i t h e r the C h e r b o u r g o r B r e s t

a r e a s where he c a n s e c u r e a beach then the neck a r e a s of these invasion s i t e s can be made into defensive strongholds. If he invades a t Le H a v r e he h a s got to be mentally deranged; this position c a n e a s i l y be m a d e totally invulnerable. If Dwight d e c i d e s South F r a n c e i s your weakness m e r e l y move the c e n t e r a r e a r e p l a c e m e n t f o r c e to the Besancon-Dijon line fall to the Besancon-Vesoul line and finally to the Belfort-Epinal line. The P a s De C a l i a s situation i s much the s a m e a s the North Sea. The B R F in t h i s a r e a c a n virtually d e s t r o y any allied units l e f t on plain c o a s t a l s q u a r e s . I a m c e r t a i n that t h i s defense i s not p e r f e c t to a l l people exactly a s stated in this a r t i c l e but i t should be the b a s i s f o r any D-Day defense. Initial Position: Static Inf. LL44( 2) HH42 FF41(2) AA41(2) X42 (2) v 3 9 (2) V38 (2) V36 S35 S33 ( 2 ) ' ~ 3 2( 2 ) R30 RZ9 Q27 ( 3 ) N 24 M23 (2) LZO (2) J17 (3) I16 Send a l l c o m m e n t s to Mike Clothier, 6722 Glen Oaks Dr., Baton Rouge, La.

C o n t e s t s will begin a s soon a s p a i r ings come in. G a m e s selected will a l ways b e on a r e c i p r i c a l b a s i s , u n l e s s they can be a r r a n g e d otherwise, by comparing the side p r e f e r e n c e s of each opposing club. The odd game will be d e t e r m i n e d by t h i s c o m p a r i s o n method. The A r m y that wins 51% of the g a m e s played will be p a i r e d with a s i m i l a r 51% winner of that s t a t e , until a s t a t e champion i s d e t e r m i n e d . A s soon a s two s t a t e champions within a region have been d e t e r m i n e d , then t h e s e two will begin the regional eliminations, f o r that region, until t h e r e i s a regional champion. A f t e r w a r d s , regional cham-

THE GENERAL
pions will play-off in national eliminations. 1st REGION: Conn. , R. I . , M a s s . , V t . , N . H . , Me. 2nd REGION: N. Y., Penna. , N. J . , Md., Del. 3 r d REGION: Wash., D. C., Va., W. V a . , N . C 7 , Ky., Tenn. 4th REGION: S. C., Ga., F l a . , A l a . , Miss. 5th REGION: Ohio, Ind., Ill., M i c h . , Iowa 6th REGION: Mo., A r k . , La., T e x . , Okla 7th REGION: Neb., K a n . , S. D., N. D., Minn., Wisc. 8th REGION: Mont., Wyo., Col., N. M . , A r i z . , Utah, Nev., Idaho 9th REGION: Wash. , O r e . , Cal. 10th REGION: All O v e r s e a s , A l a s k a , Hawaii and Canada In the e a r l y t h i r t i e s R u s s i a bought a n u m b e r of V i c k e r s - A r m - s t r o n g ( B r ) and C h r i s t i e ( A m ) tanks a n d , with t h e only m a j o r changes being in a r m a m e n t , they s t a r t e d t o put t h e m into m a s s production a s t h e i r T and BT s e r i e s . By 1940 R u s s i a w a s beginning t o produce two new types of tanks (about the w o r l d ' s b e s t tanks). The T-34 had a 7 6 . 2 m m gun, 30.5 c a l i b r e s long ( P a n z e r IV tanks had a 75mm gun, 24 c a l i b r e s long). The KV had a s i m i l a r l y sized gun but had 75 m m t h i c k a r m o r , 30mm t h i c k e r than the T-34 and 25mm t h i c k e r than G e r m a n y ' s thickest. By the end of the f i r s t half of 1941 R u s s i a had about 650 KVs and n e a r 1 , 2 5 0 T-34s. On June 22 t h e r e w e r e only 508 KVs and 967 T - 3 4 s i n a l l the five Military D i s t r i c t s . At that s a m e t i m e R u s s i a had a total of between 21,000 a n d 24,000 tanks - about f o u r t i m e s a s many a s the G e r m a n s had. Most of t h e s e w e r e B T - 5 s , BT-78, a n d T - 2 6 s ( a l l f a i r l y obsolete), but by June 15 only 27% w e r e in working o r d e r . Much of what w a s working w a s placed i n support of infantry divisions. Bec a u s e of t h e s e a n d a few o t h e r things R u s s i a l o s t about 17,000 in 1941 alone. the Western Military District: 250 t o 380 m i l e s in the Kiev Military District. T h i s s o r t of situation made f o r a five t o one s u p e r i o r i t y f o r the G e r m a n s in many a r e a s . Furthe; f a c t s can be found in my sources: ' R u s s i a At War 1941- 1945 by Alexa n d e r Werth. A r m o r : A History of Mechanized F o r c e s by R i c h a r d M. Ogorkiewicz. P l e a s e a d d r e s s any comments t o the CinC of the ROGUES a t 1706 Old F o r g e Rd. , Charlottesville, Va. 22901.

Blitzkrieg Desert Operations


by Steye Torkelson The p a s t a r t i c l e s of Blitzkrieg in the G e n e r a l have neglected the d e s e r t front. Also, m y f i r s t experience in Blitzkrieg a l s o left the d e s e r t out of the m i l i t a r i p t i c operations. A f t e r about fifteen t u r n s , B l i t z k r i e g i s mostly Sitzkrieg until one player p e r f o r m s a decisive maneuver. One day I witnessed a d e s e r t maneuver a n d within seven t u r n s , practically a l l of the enemy t r o o p s had r e t r e a t e d into h i s home country. Blue could f o r m o p e r a t i o n s l i k e this: ( 1 ) P u t s 40 f a c t o r s in Sea Zone B, ( 2 ) G e t a slight build-up a t city CC-15, ( 3 ) Invade beach n e a r VV-25 (leave units behind to protect supply line), ( 4 ) A f t e r slight combat, c a p t u r e WW-32 (this puts you on the e n e m y ' s flank and dangerously close t o h i s supply l i n e thus f o r c i n g the enemy withdrawal of the R i v e r Zocchi a r e a . R e d ' s o p e r a t i o n s will exclude step 1 and the build-up will b e a t VV-25. Red u n i t s should c r o s s the d e s e r t and head toward the mountains. Other units should u s e the c o a s t r o a d and t r y t o move on d e s e r t c o s t a l s q u a r e s ( t h e s e a r e beach s q u a r e s and thus the supply r e q u i r e m e n t i s not doubled f o r the units). T h e r e will be heavy combat but R e d ' s s u p e r i o r i t y i n n u m b e r s on the flank will f o r c e Blue t o withdraw the N. Lawerance area. Don't e v e r b e i n f e r i o r in n u m b e r s u n l e s s the enemy i s in r e t r e a t . If you find yourself i n f e r i o r , r e t r e a t immediately. If the enemy m a k e s a successful offensive, your d e s e r t f o r c e willprobably b e shot and the enemy will probably f o r c e you t o withdraw (I've witnessed t h i s also). So, if your t i r e d with Sitzkrieg, start a desert front. I have located a fault in the Strategic Bombings of C i t i e s r u l e . Amend it a s follows: If 12 bomber f a c t o r s a t t a c k a single city s q u a r e , that city's supply capacity i s reduced t o z e r o f o r that s e m i - t u r n a n d f o r the next 7 consecutive s e m i - t u r n s . In the original r u l e s , Red g e t s the s h o r t end of the stick because

When I s e e the volume, s t a t e s within Regions m a y b e changed slightly. I shall a l s o s e l e c t a CLUB COMMANDER t o s e t t l e m y d i s p u t e s , f r o m the l i s t of CLUB COMMANDERS competing. I shall a l s o c o n s i d e r r e q u e s t s by CLUB COMMANDERS t o have competitions involving a l l m e m b e r s of t h e i r CLUB on a national b a s i s a g a i n s t a l l Similarly, while the R u s s i a n a i r m e m b e r s of a n o t h e r CLUB. If CLUB f o r c e w a s quite l a r g e , they only had COMMANDERS d e s i r e t h i s additional about 2,030 new fighter planes (Mig-3s, set-up s t a t e the n u m b e r a n d s i d e p r e Lagg-3s and Yak- l s ) , 458 P e - 2 s ( a new f e r e n c e s your e n t i r e CLUB i s capable type of b o m b e r ) and 249 of the new 11-2 of playing. Again, the winner of 51% stormoviks. Since t h e s e f a s t new a i r of a l l g a m e s will b e d e c l a r e d the winplanes needed longer runways, i t s o ner. happened that in the s u m m e r of 1941 a whole network of new a i r f i e l d s w a s beI s i n c e r e l y hope that t h i s proposal ing built in the f r o n t i e r zones - thus will b e taken i n good faith by a l l w a r concentrating R u s s i a ' s a i r c r a f t on a g a r n e r s involved, f o r what i t r e p r e s e n t s , v e r y l i m i t e d n u m b e r of a i r f i e l d s . a league of CLUBS competing a g a i n s t Many tank m e n had had only 1 112 each o t h e r , t o d e t e r m i n e the B E S T t o 2 h o u r s ' experience in tank driving. CLUB. In the Baltic Military D i s t r i c t the pilots A d d r e s s your d e s i r e t o compete i n of the new a i r c r a f t had had only fifteen one o r both of the above p r p p o s a l s t o h o u r s ' flying experience by June 22; a s Raymond L. P i c h e , 21 Chapin P l a c e , l i t t l e a s four h o u r s in the Kiev Military Hartford,. Conn. 061 14. D i s t r i c t . C o m p a r e t h i s t o the 150 h o u r s r e q u i r e d by the US a i r f o r c e . In May 1941 the Soviet Government began t o take s o m e precautions - a l though they s t i l l allowed G e r m a n comby B a r r y Jackson mando r a i d s in f a i r l y g r e a t n u m b e r s and they gave s t r i c t o r d e r s not to shoot F o r s o m e t i m e now t h e r e h a s been down any G e r m a n r e c o n n a i s s a n c e planes a t l e a s t one Stalingrad a r t i c l e i n each o v e r Soviet t e r r i t o r y (of which t h e r e i s s u e of the General. Many of t h e s e w e r e 152 flights since January 1941). have focused on such inequities a s the T h e i r precautionary a c t i o n s included v a r i o u s a s p e c t s of t h e p r e s e n t r e i n f o r c e moving t r o o p s n e a r e r the f r o n t and the ment r u l e s . I a m offering s o m e insubsequent building of defensive p r e t e r e s t i n g f a c t s concerning t h e m e n a n d parations. But t h e s e defensive o b s t a equipment of the R u s s i a n a r m y . c l e s and ditches w e r e unable t o r e a c h By communist t h e o r i e s t h e i r a r m y 25% of the planned n u m b e r . The t r o o p s w a s infallible. They w e r e s o offensive moved c l o s e r t o the f r o n t i e r w e r e n e i t h e r minded that they c o n s i d e r e d a f o r c e d fully mobilized n o r a t full strength a n d r e t r e a t t o b e a l i m i t e d and t e m p o r a r y they lacked t h e i r n e c e s s a r y support v e m e a s u r e taken in p r e p a r a t i o n f o r a n ofh i c l e s - the r a i l r o a d s being on peacefensive. They thought t h e i r political t i m e schedules. By June 22 the t r o o p s a d v i s o r s t o b e the one thing t h e i r m i l i in the Special Baltic Military D i s t r i c t t a r y m e n couldn't do without if a clean w e r e s c a t t e r e d t o a depth of 190 m i l e s v i c t o r y w a s t o b e attained. f r o m the f r o n t i e r ; 60 to 190 m i l e s in

Russian Front - 1941

THE GENERAL
the c i t i e s he b o m b s a r e d e s t r o y e d f o r seven s e m i - t u r n s while the c i t i e s Blue d e s t r o y s a r e d e s t r o y e d f o r eight s e m i turns. A good way to k e e p t r a c k of the numb e r of u n i t s on the b o a r d i s t o keep a r e c o r d of t h e "deadt1u n i t s and s u b t r a c t t h o s e f a c t o r s f r o m the total combat f a c t o r s of your e n t i r e a r m y . Also, if your b a t t l e manual i s r a g g e d f r o m t h e constant looking a t c h a r t s printed i n t h e m , buy a new b a t t l e manual and cut out the c h a r t s of the old manual and p a s t e t h e m on thin c a r d b o a r d o r thick p a p e r . C o m m e n t s : Steve T o r k e l s o n , 619 Leo Drive, Santa R o s a , California. i t constantly with arty. to keep the A m e r i c a n s f r o m using i t f o r effective bomber use). In Midway the A m e r i c a n s should win in the c a s e of a tie because they have a t l e a s t h u r t the J a p s enough to stop t h e i r advance. In Stalingrad the G e r m a n s could s t i l l win i t a f t e r the t i m e limit. In the r e a l campaign, a l l the R u s s i a n f a c t o r s saved w e r e t u r n e d into new units, instead of waiting f o r old units to be wiped out. So to be a c c u r a t e , you would have to m a k e enough units to u s e up the saved f a c t o r s . T h e s e units would c o m e o n the b o a r d f r o m the u s u a l r e p l a c e m e n t c e n t e r s not i n G e r m a n hands. T h e s e units when wiped out would be r e p l a c e d with the r e g u l a r r e p l a c e m e n t r a t e . Note: All of t h e s e units m u s t be infantry, and none m a y be s t r o n g e r than the o r i g i n a l R u s s i a n units. Send c o m m e n t s a n d / o r suggestions to: C r a i g C l e m e n s , 18361 Donmetz St., Northridge, Calif. 91324.

PAGE 12
I have found my own s t r a t e g y , that I believe to b e s u p e r i o r , which c e n t e r s a r o u n d one m a j o r front, Bastogne. I have e x p e r i m e n t e d with it f o r many h o u r s and have found out that i t w o r k s v e r y well when u s e d completely. F i r s t of a l l , t r y t o s e t up a f o r t r e s s a t St. Vith on the f i r s t t u r n , but with a f a i r l y good G e r m a n c o m m a n d e r t h i s will not be possible. A l s o send p a r t of the Ninth A r m o r e d t o Bastogne so on the second t u r n you c a n s e t up a f o r t r e s s t h e r e . On the f i r s t t u r n a c r u s t defense should be u s e d by the allied c o m m a n d e r . The u n i t s should be placed s o a s to stop any m a j o r G e r m a n a d v a n c e on r o a d s . U n l e s s your luck i s r e a l l y bad t h i s should be e a s i l y done. Although many o t h e r w r i t e r s have s t a t e d "fight t o the l a s t man in C l e r vaux", I believe that you should fight t h e r e but avoid losing m o r e than one r e g i m e n t , b e c a u s e a l l o t h e r regime= will be needed l a t e r on. A l s o on the second t u r n NN- 16 should have a f o r t i fication built on it. All m a j o r r e i n f o r c e m e n t s should be s e n t t o t h e Bastogne f r o n t with the exception of a few r e i n f o r c e m e n t s sent to t h e V i e l s a m , Houffailize and Spa f r o n t s . The Malmedy-Spa f r o n t i s e a s y t o d e fend with a minimum of t r o o p s b e c a u s e of t h e rough t e r r a i n . A l s o a n allied v i c t o r y i s m o r e e a s i l y won by placing fortifications on LL- 14 and MM- 13. L a t e r on when t h e battle c l o s e s a r o u n d Bastogne, fortifications should b e built on the s q u a r e s in front of B a s togne. To p r e v e n t the encircling of V i e l s a m t r o o p s a f o r t r e s s should be built on DD-24 with a fortification on t h e r o a d junction behind i t . When your r e i n f o r c e m e n t s come in i t i s r e c o m m e n d e d t o counterattack, a t Martelange i n the south and Spa i n the north. The final objective in the south should b e Clervaux and in the north St. Vith. I u s e d t h i s s t r a t e g y a g a i n s t a friend. H i s a r m i e s s m a s h e d my front. R e c o v e r ing f r o m the initial shock I s e t up my c r u s t d e f e n s e s but Clervaux f e l l e a r l y and soon a f t e r St. Vith followed suit. By the 21st, a f t e r he m a d e many tactic a l a t t a c k s , a n d with a l o t of luck, he e n c i r c l e d Bastogne. Bastogne held and I soon had d e c i m a t e d h i s Spa, V i e l s a m a n d Neufchateau f r o n t s . The contest w a s d e c i d e d a t 24 pm, a f t e r I hadgained g r e a t l y i n s u p e r i o r i t y o v e r h i m and w a s s t a r t i n g t o counterattack h i s Bastogne front. To s u m m a r i z e m y plan, the a l l i e s should r e m e m b e r a few things: a ) Defend a l l r o a d s b ) Never get s u r r o u n d e d c ) Hold Bastogne t o the end d ) Counterattack C o m m e n t s ? - T e d Harpham, 207 Rowland P a r k Blvd. , Wilmington, Delaware

Conditions of Victory
by C r a i g C l e m e n s In r e f e r e n c e to Mr. Mitchell's a r t i c l e o n conditions of victory, I think that the r e a s o n f o r v i c t o r y i n t h e s e g a m e s is not that the side holding o u t d e s e r v e s to win, but t h a t the side holding o u t would p r o b a b l y win if i t held o u t the a p p r o p r i a t e amount of time. I will s t a r t with A f r i k a Korps. The r e a s o n f o r a G e r m a n l o s s a t the t i m e l i m i t is that O p e r a t i o n T o r c h , the A m e r i c a n n a m e f o r t h e i r A f r i c a n invasion, would take place. Thus, the G e r m a n s had to send p a r t of t h e i r a r m y to hold off the A m e r i c a n s . T h i s would weaken t h e i r f r o n t enough f o r the B r i t i s h to c o u n t e r a t t a c k and push t h e m back. In the Bulge the G e r m a n s a c t u a l l y couldwin, but only under c e r t a i n conditions. In the a c t u a l battle, about f o u r o r five B r i t i s h d i v i s i o n s a r r i v e d o n the 3 1 s t of Dec. T h e s e d i v i s i o n s would be f a i r l y ineffective if the A m e r i c a n s had l o s t say, half t h e i r f o r c e s . I think t h a t if any. a r g u m e n t e n s u e s about the Bulge t i m e l i m i t , t h e G e r m a n s should be given until Jan. 5 to win. A t the s a m e time (Dec. 31). the A m e r i c a n s should b r i n g o n t h r e e 4 - 4 s o n s q u a r e A-26; s i x 4 - 4 s o n s q u a r e s G through T o n the North; and t h r e e m o r e 4 - 4 s o n s q u a r e A-36 o r A-39. T h e s e units could be taken o u t of the A m e r i c a n d e a d pile, and all m u s t be'infantry. In Civil War (if anyone h a s i t b e s i d e s me), i t i s likely t h a t the B r i t i s h would have e n t e r e d the w a r o n the side of the South to help wipe o u t the U. S. (to t h e i r own ends, of c o u r s e ) . In D-Day, the G e r m a n s would have won if they had held out f o r fifty w e e k s b e c a u s e they would have developed the atomic bomb. H i t l e r would have quickl y bombed the you know what out of the Allies. In Guadalcanal a tie would be a win f o r the japs, since they s t i l l would have accomplished what they wanted (holding H e n d e r s o n F i e l d of a t l e a s t hitting

"Air War G a m e s " by Donald F e a t h e r stone. just r e l e a s e d f o r publication by The Hutchinson Publishing Group, London, England, i s t h i s magnificent compilation of battle g a m e s dealing with a i r c r a f t ; a subject that r e c e i v e s cons i d e r a b l y l i t t l e attention a m o n g w a r garners. Featherstone's book may change a l l that a s i t e m b o d i e s a l l p r i n c i p l e s of a e r i a l w a r f a r e . c h a p t e r headi n g s include: P r e - 1 9 1 4 - - the balloons and E a r l y A i r c r a f t ; Model A i r c r a f t i n Land War G a m e s ; F l e t c h e r P r a t t - N a v a l and A i r War G a m e s Genius; A i r War G a m e s by E x p e r t s ; H e l i c o p t e r s i n War G a m e s ; A s t r a t e g i c a l / T a c t i c a l A i r War Game Without , Models, etc. This thorough book is a v a i l a b l e f o r 3 0 s i n t h e United Kingdom, only. Send your i n q u i r i e s t o the publisher a t 178-202 Gt P o r t l a n d St, London W1, England. A g r e a t d e a l of r e s e a r c h , study and edit o r i a l thought h a s gone &to t h e publication of t h i s book. I t ' s text m a t t e r with accompanying photos place i t on o u r highly r e c o m m e n d e d r e a d i n g l i s t .

..

Battle at Bastogne
by Ted H a r p h a m In m y opinion "Battle of t h e Bulge1' i s one of Avalon Hill's b e s t w a r g a m e s . The two r e a s o n s f o r t h i s would b e t h e b a t t l e r e s u l t s table and the r e a l i s m t h e g a m e i s b a s e d on. Many o t h e r Bulge f a n a t i c s have w r i t t e n i n telling about t h e i r a l l i e d s t r a t e g y . Some ranged f r o m saying "throw a l l your r e i n f o r c e m e n t s into t h e Spa a r e a " , while a n o t h e r s t a t e d "set up f o r t r e s s e s a l l a r o u n d the board".

PAGE 13

THE GENERAL

Contest r 15 Winners
Congratulations t o the following 10 "economists" who a l l predicted m a r k e t values right on the button. E a c h winner r e c e i v e s a f r e e Avalon Hill g a m e of h i s choice. 1. Wesley Malaspine, 8057 Thornton Rd. , Stockton, Cal. 2. B a r r e Stadtner. 1171 W. Mont e r e y , Stockton, Cal. 3. B r i a n Libby, 16 William St., P o r t l a n d , Maine. 4. Ben Budde, 3832 C r e s t p a r k . Dall a s , Texas. 5. Howard J a e g e r , 82- 17 77thAve., Glendale. N. Y . 6. Steve L a r s o n , 16140 M o r r i s o n S t . , Encino, Cal. 7. Mike Soper, 1032 Court A v e . , Highland P a r k . Illinois. 8. Lucky F i s h e r , 905 S. F l o w e r , Denver, Colorado. 9. Alan B. Conrad, 651 W. Harding, L o m b a r d , Illinois. 10. J a m e s P a t e , 909 Taft St.. Sun P r a i r i e , Wisconsin.

OPPONENTS WANTED ADVERTISEMENT


Please print or type your advertisement on the spaces provided below, maximum (including your name and address) 35 words per ad.

29

30

31

32

33

34

35 WORDS

All ads are inserted as a free service to full-year subscribers. Only one ad per subscriber per issue is allowed. Ads will not be repeated from issue to issue, however, subscribers may re-submit the same ad, or new ads, for each succeeding issue. Ads received after the 15th of the month preceding publication will appear in the foIlowing issue. No ads will be accepted unless printed on this form.

Subscriber Discount.. .
The Coupon shown below i s f o r the benef i t of the f u l l - y e a r s u b s c r i b e r . A s soon a s you have accumulated 4 s u c h caupons. l e a c h f r o m t h i s and succeeding i s s u e s , you a r e entitled t o a $1.00 d i s count applied t o t h e p u r c h a s e of a n y Avalon Hill game. H e r e ' s how i t w o r k s Each coupon i s worth 2 5 $ . But one coupon a l o n e d o e s not entitle you t o a 25$ c r e d i t . You m u s t a c c u m u l a t e 4 different coupons b e f o r e taking advanta g e of the $1.00 c r e d i t . When you have accumulated 4 coupons, then you c l i p t h e m a l l together a n d send t h e m in with your o r d e r f o r a n Avalon Hill game. When o r d e r i n g in t h i s m a n n e r , you simply send u s a check o r m o n e y - o r d e r f o r $1.00 l e s s than the u s u a l r e t a i l value of the g a m e . Coupons can b e u s e d t o w a r d s the p u r c h a s e of g a m e s , p a r t s , play-bym a i l equipment a n d the G e n e r a l . They a r e valid only when o r d e r i n g d i r e c t f r o m the Avalon Hill Company. Coupons a r e not r e d e e m a b l e a t r e t a i l outlets.
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 -

CONTEST NO. 16
The month of December c o m m e m o r a t e s the 22nd a n n i v e r s a r y of the Battle of the Bulge. To t h i s day, many h i s t o r i a n s a r e s t i l l re-fighting t h i s m o s t devastating campaign of World War 11. You, a s G e r m a n c o m m a n d e r , know t h a t the 1SS P e i p e r Regiment i s the only G e r m a n Unit in the Malmedy s e c t o r a t t h i s m o m e n t of your Battle of the Bulge game. You a l s o know that t h e U. S. 219 Regiment w a s l a s t known t o b e s o m e w h e r e in that s a m e s e c t o r . O v e r a l l battle s t r a t e g y r e q u i r e s that the P e i p e r Unit engage t h i s elusive U. S. Unit in combat. Thus, your job i s t o d e t e r m i n e exactly where that combat will take place. On the B A T T L E PLAN sheet, design a t e the s q u a r e s you think contain the U. S. and G e r m a n Units. T h e i r exact location will b e d e t e r m i n e d by the c l o s ing N. Y. Stock Exchange t r a n s a c t i o n s of D e c e m b e r 12, 1966 (consult morning paper of D e c e m b e r 13. ) The l a s t digit of the s a l e s - i n - h u n d r e d s column will b e consulted: U. S. Steel f o r the location of U.S. 219 Unit; Goodyear f o r location of P e i p e r . NOTE: If Goody e a r ' s r e s u l t f a i l s t o place P e i p e r adjacent t o U. S. 219. we will consult the following s t o c k s i n t h i s o r d e r until "combat11 i s achieved: G e r b e r , Getty. Giant P C , Gillette, Gimble, Glidden, Goodrich. G r a c e , Greyhound. G r i l l i e r , l i s t of 10 m o s t a c t i v e stocks. E n t r i e s m u s t b e p o s t m a r k e d no l a t e r than D e c e m b e r 11, 1966. P r i n t your n a m e and a d d r e s s c l e a r l y and make s u r e you l i s t the Avalon Hill game you wish a s p r i z e . T e n w i n n e r s will be named. E n t r a n t s m a y submit copies o r photostats - one t o a s u b s c r i b e r , only. U. S. S T E E L Digit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Square NNll NNl 1 0 0 11 0 0 11 0012 0013 NN13 MM13 MM12 MM12 GOODY E m , eta1 Digit 1 2 3 4 5 Square NNlO PPlO PPll PP12 0014 0014 MM14 LL14 LL14 LL13

6
7 8 9 0

BATTLE PLAN
U. S. 219 Square: Peiper Square:

1SAVE THIS COUPON 1


GOOD TOWARD T H E PURCHASE O F A L L AVALON HILL PRODUCTS

'

Name

I State
Prize

THE GENERAL

PAGE 14

World Series Special Offer


The 1966 World S e r i e s h a s long since come and .gone. But f o r B a l t i m o r e a n s , Oriole f a n s in p a r t i c u l a r , the sweet t a s t e of v i c t o r y l i n g e r s on a n d on. During the past month, a n d f o r weeks a f t e r the s e r i e s ended, Avalon Hill p r e s e n t e d a special B a l t i m o r e O r i o l e souvenir edition of B a s e b a l l Strategy g a m e t o r e t a i l e r s and c o n s u m e r s in the B a l t i m o r e a r e a , only. B e c a u s e of a s u r p r i s i n g demand f o r t h i s edition f r o m those outside of B a l t i m o r e . Avalon Hill i s extending t h i s s p e c i a l offer t o s u b s c r i b e r s of The General. (What we r e a l l y m e a n i s , we gotta unload a bunch of g a m e s we got hung with when the s e r i e s ended s o quickly. ) Award- Winning Game Baseball Strategy i s f e a t u r e d by i t s award-winning c o v e r , showing Baltim o r e M e m o r i a l stadium in a l l i t s fullc,olor pagaentry, that will i n itself be a r e m i n d e r f o r e v e r of that unbelievable world s e r i e s of 1966. No c o l l e c t o r of m e m m o r a b i l i a will want t o b e without t h i s souvenir. In addition, the box i s s e a l e d by a special dedication o v e r w r a p t h a t r e a d s , "Baltimore O r i o l e (pix of b i r d ) 1966 World S e r i e s M e m o r i a l Stadium Souv e n i r Edition" i n glowing s t a t e c o l o r s , o r a n g e and black. P u r c h a s e r s will a l s o r e c e i v e additional s h e e t s of player counh e r s m a d e up of the p l a y e r r o s t e r s of both the Dodgers a n d the O r i o l e s . T h e s e player c o u n t e r s r e f l e c t the a c t u a l s e a sonal p e r f o r m a n c e s t a t i s t i c s of the p l a y e r s s o that t h i s unforgetable, r e c o r d - shattering world s e r i e s can b e replayed. .with o r i g i n a l c a s t .

Where Avalon
h

Hill Games Are Available


your favorite d e a l e r h a s not y e t been listed, d r o p u s h i s n a m e and a d d r e s s so that we m a y include him i n the next issue.
Rt. 25 A cold Spring Hlrbor. .Nsw York Gne-an ~rmher.. ~ n c . 35 Enpel rea at Hisk.vilb. Now York Jordon ~ a r s company h Bo'tonn M'naachu.ctts nar~ard c o o p r a t i v e society 1400 ~ a s . ~ ~ h ~ A~~~~ # e t t ~ cambrtdge. ~ a . . a ~ h ~ . e t t m

The following n a m e s of d e a l e r s supplement l i s t s found in previous i s s u e s . These l i s t s r e p r e s e n t d e a l e r s who have stocked Avalon Hill g a m e s recentlv. If
cathas. ~ o k y~obby center Heart of Hunt.ril1c Shpg. Mall Hunt~ville. Alabama company ~ e n sale. n 703 N. 21n Avenue Phoanix. Arlzonl Toy House 44 5. Garfield A B u n b r a . Cllifornla
.%or- or corp.

Korsm. b e . 1500 W. Cortland Avenue Chicago. I l l h o i s


O

P. 0. BOX 246 Marylhurst. Oregon 97036


~ h BOO* c ~0u.e Suburb- S q v l r o Building Ardmoro, ponna. 19003

29 W t h Wabamh Avenue Chicago. Illinoi. Mlr.hall Chic.gO.


Field Oaorge nlmoi. Canplny

D O = . ' . ~ k . .~ c d k . c a m e r a a p . ~ o e d a r ' . stationary mavin h pierce 1316 Maa.achu.ctt. A*. 5 John Strest 721 12th S t n c t C m b r i d g e 38, M a m n ~ c h u ~ t t . H00.ick Fall.. New York Beaver Falls, p o r n .

AM. 1110 E. ~ i m b e r l y ~ n r h e i m .californta


mice ,%lo. company 651 N. f a i r f a x Avenue

~r.inard~. ~ o o k s t o r o 53 ~ r l o k sreet ~ c ~llinoi. . 60014 cry.t.1 m v c o we. company. us. 1616 ~ a y n e street Evanmton. Illmo~m E.tes Wholesale DxL.. Inc. 1314 wavkogvl ~ o a d Glewisw. IllinO,. H-y'. Toys 36 -at Hinmdale Avenue ilins&lo, Illinoio carmon ~ i r i e ~ s o tk t company 124 5. W. Adam s t r e e t pooria. ~llmoi.

~acone ~nortinc ~ood.. bc. -.IIR&~ ' concord. ~ a s s a c h u m e t t s


U. l h ; . . -. h(. . -

--

777 mr=h*.e = n e t New Bedford. Ma..ashusettm H. L. Child. b. Son


25 Northunpton. MI...

L o . Angele. 36. C a l i f o r n i ~
Karl'. Distributing Co. 6259 w e s t 87th S r e o t Lo. Angale.. California Penmck k Gordon. Inc. P. 0. Box 3158. Terminal Alu Lo. A2lp-m. California (54) south 8.y Wholeeale c o . 10201 u Cianega Boulevard 1 . 0 . ~ngele.. califonlia

E. J. ~ o r v e t t e t55 Orr'e of Bethlehem. Inc. n&kawaY ~ n p k s .& P ~ M B.W ~ . ~ e t h ~ c h c m ~.e n n s y ~ v a n i a ~ a w r c n s o .~ c l o ar k ~raum mpt. ~ t o n 810-11 p a r a & Street Brent.no8S Erie. Penn.ywmia 586 5th AW. Now York. New York &Ier.on company lb33 Chestnut Srsa Dmbbday BO& Shop. w w ~ o r k .~ sYOIL r ~ h i l a d c l p h i a .~ennmylvania

The Odysmay Book Shop


29 college ~ r o r t South WldleY. Man'.

F. A. 0. Schwlr. 745 Flfth Avenue ~ e ~ wo r k . ~ e~ r o r k Polk'. 314 F f i h Avenue New York. New York We.ton. &oppar. city. ~ n c . 505 Eighth Avenue Now York. New York lOOL8

B. Paul 413.23 E. Albgheny Annu* ~ h i l a d c l p h i a .~annmylvania A. Pennock k Sons 1012 Cheetnut Street Philadelphia. Penn.ylvania m r r i s o n J. n a y s 6206-08 Pennsylvada A n n ~tt~burg 6.h ~ n n n s y l v a n i a ~ e r n~ o mh e company 501 Peon Avenue ~ t t s b u r g h .ponnmylvania ~aufm-'. 4-30 ~ l f t h Avenue PBteburgh. P e w . 15219

Johnsonm8Bookstore Springfield. Ma'*.


c a m p u s Bike h TOY c e n t e r 514-16 E. William Strmet Ann Arbor. Michigan

southwestern N - h C o m p ~ n y ~ r o o k s .Incorporated 330 ~ o u t h ~ n g a l r .% r e s t 36 am Street Lo. Angelo~. C&llfornia P a r k Rldgo. Illinoi.


victor's TOIS ~~

G. P. 0. Brn 797

cham- k

c - ~ ~ mc. ~ .

E. J. ~ o m f t e .hc. 153 431 Bo.ton Pomt Rd.


P o r t Chostcr. New York %ranton. ~ k h. ~ t a t l o n e r y co. 334 E. MainSraot R o s h e M r . New York Sibloy. Lindmly k Cur. Co. R=b#.ter. New York ~obby craft Supply 210 W. ~ a n i n l c Street R m o . New York

T art in photo D r r i c e

7450 ~ a s e d a Boulevard RISE&. california Dinsmoro Book Store 5770 Freeport Boulevard Secmmenfo, California 95822 Toyland. Ins. 501 Second Avenue Sln mcgo, c a l i f o r n i l

1020 15th s r e e t ~ e d f o r d ,h d b Kodl Corporation 4242 Broadway Gary, Indlanl Aec Leather company. Inc. LO48 p r o m e c t Street

m t r o d 32. ~ i e h l p r n mobby nub 526 Frandor Arenu* I l n ~ m g .M~chigan Toy F a i r 156 %uth&lo

J. Spokane k Compvly I106 5th Avenue Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania

Ed Dhock'. Toy k Hobby Shop* 6220 Carrollton Avenue Indianapoll~.20. Indiana

Cheltenham BooL Shop P l p r b r r s k Den Cedarbrook Mall Wynsotr, Pcnnql-il

19095

Oscar Kleink Son Toy'. 1173 Mission 5 . n F r a n c ~ s c o . Californll Smarty party Shop I 1 Lake.borc Plnml San F..nci.co. Californl. oaklaad Toy c o m p m y ,6500 WorUlley m l v e sari or en so. c a h f o r n ~ a94580 Buddy Brown Toy. 12166 Ventura Boulevard Studlo Clty. California ~ird~~ e . o Houme y I259 Broadway Wnlnvf crcc*. Caldornia Mile High Game k Toy c o . 2320 W. 4th Avenue B n v e r . Colorldo

RoBrtson'. 209 South Michigan Street South B e n 4 Indiana Follett's k Southworth m r d v o BOA Store.. BOX515 West M a y e t t o , Indiana 47906 Goldemith'm. h c . 116.18 South T o p k a Wichita. Kansan 67202 Orr'.. k c . 2226 Douglas East Wichlta. Kansas wiehita s a t e u n b . ~ k Store . 1927 No. Yale Wichita. Kanea. 67208 Kentucky Model shop. Inc. 3805 Wilminpfon Avenue u"i."in#. Konfusky T s a r R0"r.d Toy company 110 m a r . Avenue Lmi.vi11e. Kentucky Toy Town. Inc. 1700 Airline Mefairio, Loui.i.*

St. Paul Book k Stnry. c o . 6th k Cedar St. R u l . Minnemma 55101 Brook.ide Toy k Hobby. Inc. 130 West 63rd Karma. City. Missouri s k y Hobby. Inc. 1700 Truman Road 5yrleu.e ~ o o c ke n t e r I13 &armhall Sreet Syrasuso, New York 13210 Playhou... Ins. 4400 E. Indepndence Blud. Charlotte, North Carolina Will'. Bk. & Stat. company 113 South Elm Street Greenehoro. ~ o r t h carolina Bolk Tyler Company Rocky Mount. N. Carolina BococbStroud company 501 w e n 4th s r c o t Win.fon-Salem. N. Carolin. Bcnner'. rand ~ o r k . . N. n*ma New. m p o t 207 Market Street c.nton. Ohio B.ck.mith canpny 5005 Barrow C i n c k f i . Ohio Burrow. Bra.. G*,di*,, 419 h e l l d Avenue Cleveland 14. Ohlo m i o Stationery company 1566 ~ a . t 24th Street Cleveland. Ohio Forchhoimer comp.ny 503 5. Front Street Columbu.. Ohio Big Top Toy Shop 2308 F a r Hill. Avenue myton 19. Ohio co-op Book =ore War1in. Ohio E. J. K o m t t s . Inc. +50 2795 Richmond *"en"* Staten I.Iand. New York

Nl"7 Exchange U . S. Naval Service Nswport. Rhode Island


Erakine college ~ o o k s t o r e m a wc.t. south carolina

F o r t J.ck.on F o r t Jlsk.on.

Exchange South U r o l b

Book*are Nathaniel Hawthorne College Antrim. New H a m p s h i n Po8t'n Book S o r e . Ins. 622 Central Avanue Elmt Orange. New J e r w y 07018 Paper Back Nook Colbgo Town MI11 Gla..boro. New Jersey Polk'. 346 Bergan ~ v s n v r J e r s e y city. New Jer.cy Fairleigh Diskin.on Univ. 285 Madison A"=""= Mab.0". New Jer.ey Mooro.twn Book.hop M00rr.tOwn Mall Moorestown. New Jeraay n.nx S t o n . Corp0.ltlC.n 7801 Tonnelle Avenue North Bcrgcn. N. 1. 07047 Klddle City # I 7 42 Route 17 P.runu.. New J o l u y The Princeton Univ. S o r e 36 Uniu. Place. Brn 31 Princeton. New Jersey 08540
1 . . h Co. Felix V. 8 611 Dalmea DZIM We.fvilh. New Jer.sy

Smith'. Toy Mart 2618 U b v l o n Road -elson, Tonne..oo Phillips mstnbutor. I905 8th Avenue. So. Na.hvllle, Te-.ace

Toy'. k Naalti*. 35 W. San Antonio Avenue El Pano. T e u m Zork nardwarn complny 117 Sm Fraoeiseo Avenue E l pa.0. T c u . Foley'. P. 0. Box 1466 Hou.ton. T e n . Thermal supply c a n p a n y I 1 North Jackmon nou.ton. T e u . Ushmm-Ro.e company 3200 E1.f Houston Street 5 . n Antonio. T e u .

U . S. Naval Submarine Base Box 21 Groton. Connectisuf


ale co-opcratiue c o r p . 77 Broadway New Haven. Connecticut

The P e r f e c t C h r i s t m a s Gift The e n t i r e game, plus s p e c i a l souvenir overwrap, plus additional s h e e t s of Dodger-Oriole player c o u n t e r s , i s y o u r s a t no i n c r e a s e i n p r i c e . Simply f o r w a r d a check o r money o r d e r f o r the r e g u l a r $3.98 p r i c e . We'll pay a l l postage and handling. T h i s s p e c i a l souv e n i r . g a m e will m a k e a beautiful gift, especially t o someone who couldn't get t o the world s e r i e s in p e r s o n . T h i s game will be the n e x t b e s t thing; i t s poss e s s i o n always a r e m i n d e r of the thoughtf u l n e s s of the s e n d e r . Mark your o r d e r "WORLD SERIES EDITION" t o i n s u r e that you get the e x t r a s . Quantity, of c o u r s e , i s l i m i t ed. O r d e r today to: The Avalon Hill Company, 4517 H a r f o r d Road. Baltim o r e , Maryland 21214. Send only $3.98.

F u s s sale. 26 UlSallc Road Wesf Hartford. Connecticut

Ben'. Book.torc 23 Csntral Street Bangor. Maine 01107 scot* BOO* c e n t e r 211 Main Street Annapoh.. Maryllnd

co.

Quality Hobby h Din.. Inc. 1220 BO..l"rin Avenue Norfolk. Vlrgmia

Pan Amerlciin Intcmtl. Inc. 3615 N. W. 20th Avenve Miami. Florzda 33142 ~oins~as naa l e s company 2152 wesf ~ l n g l e Stroot r ~iaml. Florlda Robertson k Robertson. Inc. 3199 46th Avenue. N. St. Petersburg. Florida

H~h.~hlId.KOhn company Howard h Lexington Streets Baltimore. Maryland HutzLr'. Bra.. Howard k Saratog* Street. Baltimore. Maryland 21201
1uca. Bra.. 219-23 East Baltimore Street Baltimorr. Maryland

~ a~ erl cola 104 a~ on sy tcompany reet Renton. Washington

Books Galore k More 49 Loredo Shoppmg Gate Lo. crucc.. Now Moxiso C1.p~'. 1032 Madi.on Avenue Albany. New York

Ledr.#y D1.f. 1C. P. 0. Box 688 Arondalr Estate.. O o r g i a The Boo* S o .

Pop'. D i . s o u n t 520 E. Belvedere Avenue B l l t m o r c . Maryland

Unique M e r c h m b e e Company 1136 S. Albro Place Seattle. Wa*h,ngton Tho Hobby Sport Shop 842 Fourth Avenue Hullfington. w e s t Virginia Wheeling. wesf virginia Mo.cleySa. Ins. 24 Elst Mlfflin
Wi'con""

Fun F a i r . P C . The Sou'wester Bookshop 1514 South B t r o i t 137 Max" Street Bellport. L . I . . New York 11713 Tolodo. Ohlo Abraham k S " . r 15 Gallstin Place Breoklyn. New York mvi. sro.. 2352 Eamf 19 Stremt Brooklyn. New York Ulbrich'. H 6 Main Street Buffalo. New York Piercss. sport Shop 117 west Street wooster. Ohio

~b+m

Suburb." Novelty company 6212 W. Ccrmak Road Berwyn. Illmoi. Robe..,"'. Church k Randolph Street. Champ..gn. 1lIi"Oi. Hobby Model.. Inc. 2358 w e s t a v o " Chlsago, Illmois

Co. Washrllplon 5.1.. b824 3.w Harnpsnlre A v o . T a k a n r Park. Maryland

The Pllytime
283 Br0adw.y Arlington. M.. a C h " .,.

Ractor'. Book Store 133 wc.t ~ a i n x r e c t CRlrhoma Clty. M.h. 73102 ~ookm mica ~guere 1822 m i c a S g v r e Tu1.a. Oklahoma 74114 Mary1hur.t College Bookstorr

~rocn's campu. BOO* s e r a 3132 N. Downer Avenue


M'lwah"

Bowon'. Toyland Bedford Shoppmg C e d e r Bedford. M~..aehu.oft.

W''c.

532L1

Miles ~ i m h * l l company 0.hko.h. Wi.con.in 54902

PAGE 15

THE GENERAL
it i s the judge in disputes between individuals o r member clubs. All decisions will be final and binding. There will also be the following committee s: It i s A. The Game Committee composed of five able wargamers. The purpose of this committee i s to answer any and all questions pertaining to the play of A.H. games. This will be a f r e e service to members and non-memb e r s alike. The members of this committee a r e appointed by the President. elect the President and ten members of the Security Council. Since it would be impractical for all members to come together to meet, business will be handled by mail with the Presidentacting a s the co-ordinator. Because we all know how valuable peace i s and what a valuable job this organization would do, I do not feel that $KO0 membership fee i s too much to ask. This money will go for the purchase of office materials used by the President and the committees. This plan i s not a silly dream! It i s a reality! Many clubs have already been contacted for membership in this organization. Those of you who haven't, please contact me, for I feel no one should be left out of this undertaking. If peace i s to be had andunderstanding to be reached we must have this assembly. I t i s vital to the future of clubs and wargaming itself. Once more I urge you contact me if you have not already been contacted. You and your club d a y r e g r e t i t if you a r e not represented. Questions, comments, replies, and/ or applications for membership to: Mike Kidwell, 4426 Lealand La., Nashville, Tennessee 37204.

I n the True Spirit of Christmas Giving


.we a r e making this special Christmas Discount offer to subscribe r s of The General. F o r any purchase of games and/or parts totaling $7.00 or more, your November-December Discount Coupon will be worth $1.00, instead of 25$. You only have to send us this one coupon, not four of them. Of course, you may combine your Nov.-Dec. coupon with any others to increase the amount of overall discount. Please note that the Nov. -Dec. coupon i s worth $1.00 only on purchases totaling $7.00 o r more. To insure proper handling, m a r k your order "Christmas Bonus Offer. "

..

Peace thru Understanding


by Mike Kidwell Over the past y e a r s more and more game clubs have come into being. Undoubtedly the next few y e a r s will showe r us with many new ones. These clubs a r e , for the most part. independent. In this case independence breeds hatred, fear, and various problems of policy. There a r e also a s you all know many arguments between individuals and clubs which need an a r bitrator. I have a solution to many, (not all, but many) of the problems facing the present day wargamer. I propose an organization very simil a r to the "U. N. It., This organization would =,be a club. It would not play games o r be out to win tournaments o r conquer the world. It would, rather stand for peaceful co -existence. I have a plan that can accomplish these and other goals. It i s a very simple plan. It calls for every wargame club in the United States to appoint o r member to r e p r e sent that club elect and to see that their club has a voice in the affairs of this organization. I propose that the entire group (one member f r o m every club and two independent members) be composed of the following: 1. A General Assembly - this i s every member and the President. Most policy decisions and general decisions will be made here. 2. A Security Counsel - composed of ten members. (elected by majority vote), one independent member. (appointed by the President), and the President himself. Complaints registered against any member Club will be evaluated here. Also the Security Council will recommend policy decisions to the General Assembly. This Council has another primary function,

B. The Policy Committee - The five men of this committee a r e also appointed by the President. Their purpose i s to decide all policy matters concerning various clubs. They have the task of drawing up a charter under which this "U. N." can work after it gets going. The President may also appoint any other committees he feels a r e needed. The two above a r e , however the only permanent ones. You may think I am only forming this because I want glory a s the President. I am, however, not the President but the co-ordinator of this organization. As soon a s i t can stand on i t s own two feet I will relinquish my position and elections will be held for President. The Presidents1 term i s one year, a s a r e the t e r m s of the members of committees. After a new President has been elected he may keep the old committees and the Security Council o r they may be re-organized. As to the t e r m s of the members of the General Assembly, the individual Club decides on this. Elections will be held a s soon a s i s possible. A l i s t of all members will be sent to all members and they will

Players Go-Go with "Gol1


Go originated more than 4000 years agoTn China, and was introduced into Japan about 1200 y e a r s ago, where it has become the national game of that country. This i s a game of complex strategy, equal to if not superior to chess. F o r those interested, additional information can be obtained by writing to the American Go Association, 145 West 57th Street, New York 19,

m i t t e r s Yes W e Get Letters


Dear Sirs: Could you please send the General on t i m e ? . Douglas Beyerlein, Seattle, Washington. AH Comment: What, and spoil a perfect record!

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to play! Robert Stephenson, 119 Juniper Road, Belmont, Mass. 02178. Dear Mr. Johnson (Sales Manager): I have never dealt withany organization such a s yours. It i s r a r e when you do anything right. Mr. Johnson, if this i s the way you run a department, be very happy that you a r e working for Avalon Hill and not for me. You wouldn't l a s t long in my organization. I will await your explanation concerning your continual mistake s. Alan E. Mandell, Columbus, Ohio

Dear Sir: I just found an AH goldmine U- Boat. I was finally coaxed into playing it, after it had collected dust on my shelf f o r four years. In 2 weeks we played 30t games. 1 on 1 and multiship games. The U-Boat has a descisive edge but this can be eliminated if a 2 on 1 game i s played ( 2 De vs. 1 UB)! Double and triple thinks concerning placement of running torpedoes and depth charge attacks i s commonplace. Besides a l l these rich abundances of AH goodies; be s t of all i t only takes about 112 hour

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AH COMMENT: Very shortsighted on your part, Mr. Mandell. No one i s perfect. However, we apologize for all of Mr. Johnson's mistakes to you, and to other subscribers whose o r d e r s President Smith's nephew consistently botches.