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# Statistics 115 Quiz on Probability and Probability Distributions

December 5, 2014

Part I: Concepts on Probability 1 to 3. A random variable is a _______ whose value is a ______ that is determined by each sample point in the ___. 4. We use __________ to denote a random variable. 5. TRUE or FALSE. Each outcome in the sample space must be mapped to exactly one real number. 6 and 7. The cumulative distribution function (cdf) of a random variable X, denoted by ______ is a function defined for any real number x as _________. For Nos. 8 to 9, Write TRUE or FALSE. 8. The cdf is a decreasing function. 9. A random variable defined over a discrete sample space is called a discrete random variable. 10. The sum of the probability mass function should always equal to _______. II. Problem Solving: 1. A large basket of fruit contains 3 oranges, 2 apples and 5 bananas. If a piece of fruit is chosen at random, what is the probability of getting an orange or a banana? 2. A pair of dice is rolled. What is the probability of getting a sum of 2? 3. In a class of 30 students, there are 17 girls and 13 boys. Five are A students, and three of these students are girls. If a student is chosen at random, what is the probability of choosing a girl or an A? 4. In the Philippines, 43% of people wear a seat belt while driving. If two people are chosen at random, what is the probability that both of them wear a seat belt? 5. In a school, 14% of students take drama and computer classes, and 67% take drama class. What is the probability that a student takes computer class given that the student takes drama class? 6. What is the probability that a single card chosen from a deck is not an ace? 7. There are 4 parents, 3 students and 6 teachers in a room. If a person is selected at random, what is the probability that it is a teacher or a student? 8. In a high school computer class there are 15 juniors and 10 seniors. Four juniors and five seniors are boys. If a student is selected at random, then what is the probability of selecting a junior or a boy? 9. A jar contains 5 red, 3 green, 2 purple and 4 yellow marbles. A marble is chosen at random from the jar. After replacing it, a second marble is chosen. What is the probability of choosing a purple and a red marble? 10. Three cards are chosen at random from a deck without replacement. What is the probability of choosing an eight, a seven and a six, in order? 11. In a shipment of 25 DVD Players, 2 are defective. If 2 DVD Players are randomly selected and tested, what is the probability that both are defective if the first one is not replaced after it has been tested? 12. In a school, 48% of the students take a foreign language class and 19% of students take both foreign language and technology. What is the probability that a student takes technology given that the students take foreign language? (Round your answer to the nearest percent.) 13. A coin is tossed and a single 6-sided die is rolled. Find the probability of landing on the head side of the coin and rolling a 3 on the die. 14. Four cards are chosen from a standard deck of 52 playing cards with replacement. What is the probability of choosing 4 hearts in a row? 15. The pmf of a discrete random variable is as follows: X -1 0 1 2 3 f(x) 1/13 2/13 5/13 3/13 2/13 Use this pmf to evaluate the probabilities of the following events: a) P(X 2) c) P(-5 < X 1) b) P(X < 1) d) P(0 X < 3)