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Carnival (Mahna De Carnaval) - Luiz Bonfa


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Latin Jazz
Latin music has been a constant influence on jazz since the 1940s, when musicians from Cuba, Puerto Rico, and South America began to incorporate an even eighth-note feel to the existing sensibilities of American jazz. "Latin" has since become a very generic term in jazz circles, usually meaning a derivative of bossa nova or samba, both styles from Brazil. Brazilian guitarisV composer Antonio Carlos Jobim emerged as the undisputed champion of Latin jazz as he rendered a string of hits, including"The Girl from Ipanema," "Wave," "Corcovado," and "Desafinado." Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie and other American musicians brought the Afro-Cuban influence into modern jazz, and most current groups continue to allocate a portion of their repertoire to the Latin style. Rhythm guitar accompaniments in this style feature heavy syncopation (striking chords "off the beat"). The gentle bossa nova beat uses even eighth notes and lots of syncopation, Its tempo is usually between 110 and 150 beats per minute. Most guitarists strum with all downstrokes or use their pick and fingers to pluck the strings simultaneously. Following are four common bossa nova comping patterns.

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Now try playing the written accompaniment to the first 16 measures of the bossa nova standard "Desafinado."

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Fmaj7
(F~)

DESAFINADO
G7
(G9)

Gm7 (Gm7)

D7~9 (D7~9)

G7 (G9)

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DJ;nal Text by flJe\:ton Mendonca Music by Antonio Carlos Jobim :- C:~J'l'~';7--S5~ ''isns,'sd\. 962 (Rens',':ed) Editora Musical Arapua. Sao Paulo. Brazil ci~:tatl'i~~' .. :'2!:! F.:;, Y::"'~~9r~~ 2~'j ~=~jlJ t.:~s'~,:: .~rp.. lf.'2:sr Jill. r'!\ control all publicat.ion rig ts for th~ J.~ :. ... =-t.:--r: ~:- :;~:::=.2:"':":'=.~=.'"-: "s- .:_~:. -:_ l-~:: :"",:,"~, "t:

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sa lbs. omping patterns. r~ote that you may streamline these patterns when playing sambas that

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SAMBA DE ORFEU
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Words by Antonio Maria Music by Luiz BonIa Copyright 1959 by Nouvelles Editions Meridian Copyrights for the United States of America and Canada Renewed and Assigned to Chappell & Co. and United Artists Music Co., Inc. All Rights Administered by Chappell & Go.