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OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

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Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc

Client

Advisory Group
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Location

REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Made by

Date

rc

02-Feb-2014

RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.


Checked
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

101

Revision

chg

2000 BCA for RCC

Job No

IDEALISED STRUCTURE and FORCE DIAGRAMS

ENTER DATA IN BLUE CELLS ONLY.


RED MESSAGES INDICATE ENTRY ERRORS.

Page

R68

DESIGN STATUS:

VALID

L in e L o a d L G K , L Q K in k N / m

WARNING :
Passive pressure should
only be considered if it
can be guaranteed that
there will be no future
excavation in front of
the wall.

X
S u r c h a r g e S G K , S Q K in k N / m

TW
H

W A TE R

L P

H n

H P

T b

L W

L E

H W

L S

L L

B 1

B N

DIMENSIONS (mm)
H=
3250
B=
4000
Hw =
1500
BI =
1200
Hp =
300
BN =
0
Hn =
0
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
gm =
N/mm
fcu =
35
gm =
N/mm
fy =
460
cover to tension steel =
Max allowable design surface crack width (W) =
Concrete density =
SOIL PROPERTIES
Design angle of int'l friction of retained mat'l () =
Design cohesion of retained mat'l (C ) =
Density of retained mat'l (q ) =
Submerged Density of retained mat'l (qs ) =
Design angle of int'l friction of base mat'l (b) =
Design cohesion of base material (Cb ) =
Density of base material (qb ) =
Allowable gross ground bearing pressure (GBP) =
LOADINGS

Surcharge load -- live (SQK) =


Surcharge load -- dead (SGK) =
Line load -- live (LQK) =
Line load -- dead (LGK) =
Distance of line load from wall (X) =

LATERAL FORCES (unfactored)

PE =
PS(GK) =
PS(QK) =
PL(GK) =
PL(QK) =
PW =
Total
PP =

Ka =
Kp =
Kpc =
Kac =

TN
B

Tw =
Tb =
TN =

300
300
0

1.5
1.05
50
0.3
24

concrete
steel
mm
mm
kN/m

30
0
20
5.00
20
10
10
200

degree
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m
degree
kN/m
kN/m
kN/m

(0.2 or 0.3
mm only)

BS8007 specifies crack widths


of 0.1 or 0.2 mm.
Wall Geometry

10
10
10.3
43
0
0.33
2.04
2.86
1.15

(Only granular backfil considered, "C" = zero)


[default=2/3*q (only apply when Hw
13.33
>0) ] =
ASSUMPTIONS

a) Wall friction is zero


b) Minimum active earth pressure = 0.25qH
c) Granular backfill
d)Does not include check of rotational slide/slope failure
e)Does not include effect of seepage of ground
kN/m
water beneath the wall.
f)Does not include deflection check of wall due to
kN/m
kN/m
lateral earth pressures
mm
h) Design not intended for walls over 3.0 m high
i) Does not include check for temp. or shrinkage effects
[ default ka = (1-SIN )/(1+SIN )0.33
]
=
[ default kp = (1+SIN b)/(1-SIN b)
2.04
] =
[ default kpc = 2kp0.5 ] =
2.86
[ 2ka0.5 ]

Force

Lever arm

Moment about TOE

gf

Fult

Mult

(kN)
29.58
10.83
10.83
14.33
3.43

(m)
LE = 1.194
LS = 1.63
LS = 1.63
LL = 3.25
LL = 3.25

(kNm)
35.33
17.60
17.60
46.58
11.16

1.40
1.40
1.60
1.40
1.60

(kN)
41.42
15.17
17.33
20.07
5.49

(kNm)
49.46
24.65
28.17
65.22
17.85

5.63

1.40

11.25

LW = 0.50

80.27

-9.49

133.90

(LP-HN) = 0.15

-1.38

1.00

15.75

7.88

115.23

193.22

-9.49

-1.38

REINFORCEMENT DENSITY

274.4 kg/m

300

29.58

Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc

Client

Advisory Group
Grid line 1

Location

REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Made by

Date

rc

Page

02-Feb-2014

RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986


Checked etc. Revision
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

chg

2000 BCA for RCC

EXTERNAL STABILITY
OVERTURNING about TOE
(using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor)
Overturning
Moments

Lateral FORCE (kN)

PE =
PS(GK) =
PS(QK) =
PL(GK) =
PL(QK) =
PW =
P =
Pp =

29.58
10.83
10.83
14.33
3.43
11.25

Lever arm (m)

LE =
LS =
LS =
LL =
LL =
LW =

Moment (kNm)

1.08
1.63
1.63
3.25
3.25
0.50

32.05
17.60
17.60
46.58
11.16
5.63

102
Job No

R68

STABILITY CHECKS :

OK

F.O.S = 1.50
LOADING OPTION
(select critical load combination)
EARTH
PS(GK)
Warning:
PS(QK)
PL(GK)

PL(QK)
PW

80.27

-9.49

(LP-HN) = 0.15

-1.38
Mo = 129.25

Restoring
Moments

Vertical FORCE (kN)

Wall =
Base =
Nib =
Earth =
Water =
Surcharge =
Line load =
V =

Lever arm (m)

Moment (kNm)

1.35
2.00
0.00
2.75
2.75
2.75
1.50

23.81
33.60
0.00
281.88
82.50
137.50
79.95
Mr = 639.24

17.64
16.80
0.00
102.50
30.00
50.00
53.30
270.24

Warning:
ALLOW BUOYANCY OF BASE

Factor of Safety, Mr / Mo =
SLIDING

(using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor)


Sum of LATERAL FORCES, P =

80.27

4.95

> 1.50

F.O.S =

1.50

OK

kN
Red'n factor for passive force = 1.00

PASSIVE FORCE, Pp x Reduction factor (1) =


-9.49 kN
BASE FRICTION ( V TANb + B Cb ) = -138.36 kN
Sum of FORCES RESISTING SLIDING, Pr = -147.85 kN

Factor of Safety, Pr / P =

1.84

> 1.50

OK

Taking moments about centre of base (anticlockwise "+") :


GROUND BEARING FAILURE
Vertical FORCES (kN) Lever arm (m)

Wall =
Base =
Nib =
Earth =
Water =
Surcharge=
Line load =
V =

21.24
28.80
0.00
102.50
30.00
50.00
53.30
285.84

0.65
0.00
2.00
-0.75
-0.75
-0.75
0.50

BEARING PRESSURE (KN/m)

Moment (kNm)

0.00
0

13.81
0.00
0.00
-76.88
-22.50
-37.50
26.65
Mv = -96.42

4.00

50

Moment due to LATERAL FORCES, Mo =

129.25

kNm

Resultant Moment, M = Mv + Mo =

32.83

kNm

Eccentricity from base centre, M / V =


Therefore, MAXIMUM Gross Bearing Pressure (GRP) =

0.12
80

m
kN/m

100

< 200

OK

Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc

Client

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REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


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Date

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Page

02-Feb-2014

RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986


Checked etc. Revision
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

chg

2000 BCA for RCC

R68

OUTER BASE ( per metre length )


gf =
V ult =
M ult =

1.44
111.44
89.45

BS8110

(default = ult mt / non-factored mt.1.44


)=
kN
kNm
( '+' TENSION AT BOTTOM FACE)

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT :

SHEAR RESISTANCE:

reference

390
16
150
1340

mm2
mm
mm
mm2

d=
z=
As' =
Mres =

242
223.22
0
131.08

mm
mm
mm2
kNm

> 89.45

OK

100 As/bd =
vc =
Vres =

0.55%
0.66
159.32

N/mm2
kN

> 111.44

OK

Min. As =

f=

centres =
Asprov =
MOMENT of RESISTANCE :

104
Job No

Table 3.25

< 558
> 390

OK
OK

3.12.11.2.7(b)

3.4.4.4

Table 3.8
3.5.5.2

CHECK CRACK WIDTH TO BS8110/BS8007


(Temperature
:
and shrinkage effects not included)

X=
Acr =

80.69
86.81

em = 0.000905

mm
mm

W=

0.18

BS8007

mm

< 0.30

OK

App. B.2

INNER BASE ( per metre length )


V ult =
M ult =

111.03
71.41

kN
kNm

(TENSION - TOP FACE)


390
16
150
1340

mm2
mm
mm
mm2

d=
z=
As' =
Mres =

242
223.22
0
131.08

mm
mm
mm2
kNm

> 71.41

OK

100 As/bd =
vc =
Vres =

0.55%
0.66
159.32

N/mm2
kN

> 111.03

OK

Min. As =
f=
centres =
Asprov =

TOP REINFORCEMENT :

MOMENT RESISTANCE :

SHEAR RESISTANCE:

Table 3.25

< 524
> 390

OK
OK

3.12.11.2.7(b)

3.4.4.4

Table 3.8
3.5.5.2

CHECK CRACK WIDTH to BS8100/ BS8007


(Temperature
:
and shrinkage effects not included)

X=
Acr =

80.69
86.81

em = 0.000611

mm
mm

W=

0.12

BS8007

mm

< 0.30

OK

REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY for BASE

TOP (DESIGN)
BOTTOM (DESIGN)
TRANSVERSE

Type

Centers

As

Min. As

T
T
T

mm
16
16
12

mm
150
150
200

mm2
1340
1340
565

mm2
390
390
390

OK
OK
OK

App. B.2

Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc

Client

Advisory Group
Grid line 1

Location

REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Made by

rc

Date

Page

02-Feb-2014

RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986


Checked etc. Revision
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

chg

2000 BCA for RCC

Job No

R68

APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT


No.

Type

Dia

Length

Unit Wt

Weight

WALL

VERTICAL - External face


VERTICAL - Internal face
TRANSVERSE (Ext.& Int.)

7
7
40

T
T
T

12
20
12

3046
3110
1000

0.888
2.466
0.888

18.93
53.69
35.51

BASE

TOP (MAIN)
BOTTOM (MAIN)
TRANSVERSE ( T & B )
WALL STARTERS (Ext.)
WALL STARTERS (Int.)

7
7
42
7
7

T
T
T
T
T

16
16
12
12
20

4128
4128
1000
1155
1475

1.578
1.578
0.888
0.888
2.466

45.61
45.61
37.29
7.18
25.46

NIB

(assume same reinforcement as wall)


INTERNAL FACE (MAIN)
7
EXTERNAL FACE (MAIN)
7
TRANSVERSE (EXT.+ INT.)
2

T
T
T

12
20
12

96
160
1000

0.888
2.466
0.888

0.60
2.76
1.78

SUMMARY

Approx total reinforcement per metre length of wall (kg)

105

274.4

Project
Location

Diagrams

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc
DATA FOR DIAGRAMS I
Grid line 1
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.sheet 1 of 2
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

Made by rc

2000 BCA for RCC

Job No R68
Date 2-Feb-14

DESIGN STATUS: VALID

IF(ABS(ECCY)>B/1000/2,"BEARING FAIL",IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6,(2*VL)/(3*((B/1000)/2-ABS(ECCY))),(VL/(B/1000)*(1+(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000)))))

IF(ECCY>(B/1000)/6,IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ECCY)*3,0,(((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3))*BP),((VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1(6*ECCY)/(B/1000)))))
4

KN/M^2

1 73.72
0 79.87
3
BEARING PRESSURE
DIAGRAM
0.4 77.41
3
0.8 74.95
3
M
1.2 72.48
3
0
5
1.6 70.02
3
0.00
2 67.56
3
2.4 65.10
3
50.00
2.8 62.64
3
3.2 60.17
3
100.00
3.6 57.71
3
4 55.25
3
4 0.00
0
IF(ECCY<0,B/1000-B/1000/50*B24,B/1000/50*B24)
73.72
0 0.00 79.870
BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM
1 0.08 79.378
2 0.16 78.885
M
3 0.24 78.393
4 0.32 77.901
0.00
4.00
0
5 0.40 77.408
6 0.48 76.916
7 0.56 76.423
8 0.64 75.931
50
9 0.72 75.439
10 0.80 74.946
11 0.88 74.454
100
12 0.96 73.961
13 1.04 73.469
14 1.12 72.976
15 1.20 72.484
16 1.28 71.992
73.72
17 1.36 71.499
BP
0
79.87
18 1.44 71.007
BPE
1.2
72.484
19 1.52 70.514
BPI
1.5
70.638
20 1.60 70.022
BPZ
4
55.25
21 1.68 69.530
22 1.76 69.037
23 1.84 68.545
24 1.92 68.052
25 2.00 67.560
26 2.08 67.068
27 2.16 66.575
28 2.24 66.083
29 2.32 65.590
30 2.40 65.098
31 2.48 64.606
32 2.56 64.113
33 2.64 63.621
34 2.72 63.128
35 2.80 62.636
36 2.88 62.144
37 2.96 61.651
38 3.04 61.159
39 3.12 60.666
40 3.20 60.174
41 3.28 59.681
42 3.36 59.189
43 3.44 58.697
44 3.52 58.204
45 3.60 57.712
46 3.68 57.219
47 3.76 56.727
48 3.84 56.235
49 3.92 55.742
50 4.00
55.25
KN/M^2

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

Page 5

79.870
79.378
78.885
78.393
77.901
77.408
76.916
76.423
75.931
75.439
74.946
74.454
73.961
73.469
72.976
72.484
71.992
71.499
71.007
70.514
70.022
69.530
69.037
68.545
68.052
67.560
67.068
66.575
66.083
65.590
65.098
64.606
64.113
63.621
63.128
62.636
62.144
61.651
61.159
60.666
60.174
59.681
59.189
58.697
58.204
57.712
57.219
56.727
56.235
55.742
55.250

0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

6.390 8.370
6.350 7.811
6.311 7.257
6.271 6.710
6.232 6.170
6.193 5.635
6.153 5.107
6.114 4.585
6.074 4.070
6.035 3.561
5.996 3.058
5.956 2.561
5.917 2.071
5.878 1.587
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000
85.870 68.554

0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.080
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

6.390
6.350
6.311
6.271
6.232
6.193
6.153
6.114
6.074
6.035
5.996
5.956
5.917
5.878
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
85.870

0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.08
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

6.390
6.350
6.311
6.271
6.232
6.193
6.153
6.114
6.074
6.035
5.996
5.956
5.917
5.878
5.838
5.799
5.759
5.720
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
######

Diagrams

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc
DATA FOR DIAGRAMS II
Grid line 1
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.sheet 1 of 2
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

UTM= 157.92
157.92
0.00
0
0.06
1.5336
0.12
3.1182
0.18
4.7539
0.24
6.4406
0.30
8.1784
0.35
9.9672
0.41
11.807
0.47
13.698
0.53
15.64
0.59
17.633
0.65
19.677
0.71
21.772
0.77
23.919
0.83
26.116
0.89
28.364
0.94
30.664
1.00
33.014
1.06
35.415
1.12
37.868
1.18
40.372
1.24
42.926
1.30
45.532
1.36
48.189
1.42
50.897
1.48
53.655
1.53
56.59
1.59
59.693
1.65
62.884
1.71
66.162
1.77
69.531
1.83
72.981
1.89
76.513
1.95
80.13
2.01
83.836
2.07
87.634
2.12
91.527
2.18
95.519
2.24
99.613
2.30
103.81
2.36
108.12
2.42
112.54
2.48
117.08
2.54
121.73
2.60
126.51
2.66
131.41
2.71
136.44
2.77
141.61
2.83
146.91
2.89
152.34
2.95
157.92

0
300
300
3250
3250
300
300
0
0
0
0
0
0

3250

4000

ULT. MT (KNM)

MOMENT
DIAGRAM
50
100
150

200

0.00

0.59

WALL (M)

1.18

1.77

2.36

2.95

WALL GEOMETRY
4000

3000

2000

1000

0
4000

0
0
1200
1200
1500
1500
4000
4000
0
0
0
0
0

0.00
0.06
0.12
0.18
0.24
0.30
0.35
0.41
0.47
0.53
0.59
0.65
0.71
0.77
0.83
0.89
0.94
1.00
1.06
1.12
1.18
1.24
1.30
1.36
1.42
1.48
1.53
1.59
1.65
1.71
1.77
1.83
1.89
1.95
2.01
2.07
2.12
2.18
2.24
2.30
2.36
2.42
2.48
2.54
2.60
2.66
2.71
2.77
2.83
2.89
2.95

3000

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

24.98
42.28
10.13
14.504
14.50
2.88

2000

MTE=
MTLG=
MTLQ=
MTSG=
MTSQ=
MTW=

YY= 2.95

2000 BCA for RCC

1000

Location

WALL (mm)

Project

BASE ( mm)

Page 6

Made by rc

Job No R68
Date 2-Feb-14

Project
Location

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc
Grid line 1

CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS

RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc.


Made

Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v1.3

WALL
MR=
As/bd=
X=
Ic=
STS=
ST1=
ST2=
Acr=
W=

em=

MR=
AsBB/bd=
X=
Ic=
STS=
ST1=
ST2=
Acr=
W=

em=

15.06
MIN SPACING=
0.009
MSBB=
95.47
MSBT=
948749705
0.0013
0.0018
0.0003455
86.046864
0.28
0.0015
15.06
0.0055
80.69
700256021
0.0011
0.0015
0.0005561
86.810337
0.18
0.0009

MR=
AsBB/bd=
X=
Ic=
STS=
ST1=
ST2=
Acr=
W=

em=

2000 BCA for RCC

231
558
524

ASreq = 1743.1
ASBBreq =0.01
ASBTreq 730.24
=

15.06
0.0055
80.69
700256021
0.0009
0.0012
0.0005561
86.810337
0.1191
0.0006

Page 7

by rc

Job No R68
Date 2-Feb-14

fs = 255.23Asprov%= 0.8727
fs = 0.0023Asprov%= 0.5539
fs = 167.07Asprov%= 0.5539

Notes

Disclaimer
All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or Reinforced Concrete Council is intended
will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use and application.
(including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepted by the BCA,
subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all BCA software and publications are subject
time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'Spreadsheets for concre
8110 and EC2' available from British Cement Association, Telford Avenue, Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 6YS

Status of spreadsheet
Public release version.
Revision history RCC62 Retaining Wall.xls

Date

Version

Action

06-Aug-99

RCC62 v1.0

24-Mar-2000

RCC62 v1.1

15-Apr-2001

RCC62 v1.2

Buoyance option + notes added. Passive


pressure reduction factor rectified

398

16-Jun-2001

RCC62 v1.3

Crack width calculation to outer base amended

365

First public release.


Includes b version comments
Crack width w for top of inner base amended.
Notes re crack widths and cracking added in
DATA!

Page 8

Size (kB)
398
398

Notes

Page 9

Notes

oncrete Council is intended for those who


for its use and application. No liability
n is accepted by the BCA, RCC or their
d publications are subject to revision from
ersion.

n 'Spreadsheets for concrete design to BS


horne, Berkshire RG45 6YS.

Page 10