Anda di halaman 1dari 13

Workshop9 ContactOffsetControl

14.0Release

IntroductiontoANSYS MechanicalPart2
1 2011ANSYS,Inc. February13,2012 Release14.0

Goals
Problemstatement:

Themodelconsistsofaworkbencharchivefilerepresentingavalveandpiston
assemblywithloadsapplied(seefigureonleft). Asthefigureontherightshows,agapexistsbetweenthepistonandbore(0.39mm). Ourgoalisto: Solvethemodelasiswithnointerfacetreatment(resultswillbenonphysical). Solvethemodelasecondtimeusinganappropriateinitialcontactoffsettoclosethe gap.

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

ProjectSchematic
BeginanewWorkbenchsessionand,fromtheProject page,chooseRestoreArchive...andbrowsetothe fileWS9_Contact_Interface.wbpzandOpen(location providedbyinstructor). Whenprompted,Saveusingthedefaultnameandthe samelocation.

FromtheUnitsmenuverify:

ProjectunitsaresettoMetric(kg,mm,s,C,mA,N,mV). DisplayValuesinProjectUnitsischecked(on).

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

...ProjectSchematic
1. FromtheStaticStructuralsystemdouble click(orRMB>Edit)theModelcell.

1.

2. WhenMechanicalopens,verifytheunits aresettoMetric(mm,kg,s,mV,mA).

2.

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

Preprocessing
3. Verifytheboundaryconditionsaresetasdescribed here:
Force(20Nin+Y)appliedtotheendofthepistonshaft. Fixedsupportsappliedtothe4holesinthevalve. Remotedisplacementappliedtotheinsidefaceofthe piston:
X=0 Y=Free Z=0 RotX =0 RotY =0 RotZ =Free

3.

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

...Preprocessing
4. Checkthecurrentcontactsettings:

Noticethecontacttypeisfrictionlessandthatno offsethasbeenspecifiedintheformofaninterface treatment. Allothersettingsareleftasdefault.

Recallthata0.39mmgapexistsbetweenthepiston andvalve.Withtheboundaryconditionsasset,we shouldexpectthepistontobeinitiallyfreeasthe forceisapplied.

4.

0.39mmGap

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

Solution
5. Solvethemodel:
5.

Whenthesolutioncompletesamessageshouldindicatepossible rigidbodymotionhasoccurred. Aquickcheckofthemagnitudeoftotaldeformationshould confirmthemessage. Amagnifieddeformationshowsthe2partshaveseparatedas expected.

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

Background

Background:howwouldwefindthesizeofthegap?
Onemethodistoselectthecircularlinesforthepistonandtheboreandrequestthe SelectionInformation.

Fromtheinformationpanelwecansee8.89 8.5=0.39mmgap.

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

...Background

Background:howwouldwefindthesizeofthegap?
AsecondmethodistoinserttheContactToolattheConnectionsbranchand GenerateInitialContactResults.

TheinitialinformationshowsaGapof0.3851mm.

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

Preprocessing
Toaddressthegapinthecontactreturntothe contactdetails: 6. IntheOffsetfieldenter0.39.

VerifytheInterfaceTreatmentissettoAddOffset, NoRamping.

7.

Resolvethemodel.
Themodelshouldsolveinseveraliterations.

10

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

Postprocessing
8. Thedeformationandstressresultsnowappeartobereasonable.

TotalDeformation

EquivalentStressonthe valve

11

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

...Postprocessing
9. InserttheContactToolintotheSolutionbranch.

ChecktheContactStatustoverifycontacthasbeenmaintained.

12

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0

Conclusions
Notes: Theinitialsolutionverifiedthatrigidbodymotionwasoccurringwhenwe triedtoapplyaforcetopartswhichwereseparatedbyaninitialgap. Wewereabletodeterminethegapsizeusing2differentmethodsinorderto determinehowtoaddressthecontactproblem. Withthegapsizeverified,weinputaninitialoffsetatthecontact,effectively closingthegap.

13

2011ANSYS,Inc.

February13,2012

Release14.0