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Raoult's law

the vapor pressure of an ideal solution is dependent on the vapor pressure of each chemical component and the mole fraction of the component present in the solution.[2] Once the components in the solution have reached equilibrium, the total vapor pressure p of the solution is:

and the individual vapor pressure for each component is

where pi is the partial pressure of the component i in the mixture (in the solution) p*i is the vapor pressure of the pure component i xi is the mole fraction of the component i in the mixture (in the solution)

Ideal Gas Law Calculation

The Ideal Gas Law(General Gas Equation) is the equation of state of a hypothetical ideal gas. Calculate the pressure, volume, temperature and moles of gas.

Ideal Gas Law: Gas Equation: PV = nRT where, P = pressure, V = volume, n = moles of gas, T = temperature, R = 8.314 J K-1 mol-1, ideal gas constant.

Boyle's/Mariotte's Law Calculation

Boyle's law states that the volume of a gas increases when the pressure decreases at a constant temperature.

Boyle's/Mariotte's Law: Gas Equation: PiVi = PfVf where, Pi = Initial Pressure, Vi = Initial Volume, Pf = Final Pressure, Vf = Final Volume.

Charles' Law Calculation

Charles' Law states that the volume of a given amount of gas is directly proportional to the temperature provided the amount of gas and the pressure remain fixed.

Charles' Law: Gas Equation: Vi/Ti = Vf/Tf or Vf/Vi = Tf/Ti or ViTf = VfTi where, Vi = Initial Volume, Ti = Initial Temperature, Vf = Final Volume. Tf = Final Temperature,

Dalton's Law Calculator

The Pressure of the mixture gas is equal to the sum of the pressure of the partial gases in a container'' is the statement of Dalton's partial pressures law. Calculate the pressure of combined gases with known values of temperature and mole of gas. Formula: Ptot=p1+p2+p3+...+pm (or) ptot={n1+n2+n3+...nm}RT/v

Where, p1,p2,p3, ...,pm= Partial pressures of the individual gases in the mixture. V = volume, T = temperature, n1,n2,n3, ...,nm=n is the total amount of gas of the m gases present in the mixture, R = 8.314 J K-1 mol-1, ideal gas constant. The Dalton's law calculator is derived from the law of partial pressures.

Gay-Lussac's Law Calculation

Gay-Lussac's Law states that the pressure of a fixed amount of gas at fixed volume is directly proportional to its temperature in kelvins. Gay-Lussac's Law: Gas Equation: Pi/Ti = Pf/Tf or PiTf = PfTi where, Pi = Initial Pressure, Ti = Initial Temperature, Pf = Final Pressure, Tf = Final Temperature.

Bernoulli equation

V= velocity P= pressure H= height g= gravity = density