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Textile Dyes

Industrial dyes and pigments


Industrial dyes are used very often in many industries these days, so is the case of the pigments. Speaking of industrial dyes , which are basically coloring , ionizing and aromatic compounds are used in numerous applications in various industries. Dyes having the property of showing an affinity for the substrate . ut should be used with caution because some industrial dyes are toxic and carcinogenic in nature. !owever , at present, colorants are applied in industries such as plastics , cement , cosmetics , rubber, paper , textile , medicine, to name a few . Some main varieties of industrial dyes listed in " #igments Dyes $% Digital #rinting Textile Dyes" In digital printing, &et nozzles or by computer controlled ink loaded drums are used. #hysical surfaces on which the fingerprints are reproduced include plain paper, photo paper, plastic, cloth, etc. #opular varieties of dyes used for this purpose are acidic inks, dispersed inks , reactive inks , and inks to stain base. '% (eather Dyes " Tanneries usually make use of about )* to $** different varieties of leather dyes . +ach produces a different desired coloring effect on leather . The dyes used in this industry include direct , acid , mordant, reactive , and basic dyes , among others. ,% optical brighteners " also known as optical agents , optical brighteners are dyes which have the attribute of absorbing ultraviolet and violet region of the electromagnetic spectrum , which results in prominent re - emission of light in the blue region . This dye is not suitable for use in water . as in the tank , etc. % due to its toxic nature . /at Dyes 0% Sublimation dyes" These dyes are mostly applied in various types of printing . They can be found in several forms , such as ink&et inks , thermal transfer ribbons and laser toner . Sublimation dyes applied by the process called heat transfer . Its main varieties are acid , disperse , 1uba , direct and reactive . 2ow, as you might have an idea about industrial dyes and their main varieties , we will discuss about industrial pigments and their types. #igments are mainly the materials comprising a modification in the color of the transmitted light due to the attribute of the selective absorption of wavelength . The change in light transmission varies with the fluorescence , phosphorescence , and other forms of luminescence , in which a material emits light. #igments are generally used

in inks, paints , cosmetics , foodstuffs, etc. Today coloring /arious types of pigments are commercially available , of which some primary types of pigments are given in "

$% 1(1 #igments" cholesteric (i3uid 1rystal . 1(1% pigments are made from 1(1 films . These pigments are nowadays increasingly used in security machines and also as a deterrent to counterfeiting bank notes, legal documents, etc. '% 4luorescent #igments " These pigments have the 3uality to change the ultraviolet light in the desired color. They are the lifeblood of any type of fluorescent material. 4luorescent pigments are mostly used in textile , paper coating based solvent, and aerosol paints and coating . ,% 5rganic pigments " 5rganic pigments consist of solid particles that are insoluble in the application medium . There are two basic varieties of these pigments , namely , natural and synthetic . 5rganic pigments are generally used for purposes of coloring or coating . protective and decorative % in plastics , candles , paper, rubber materials , pharmaceutical products, etc. 0% #igments 5verseas " 6 type of inorganic pigments, which are non-toxic and non-irritant in nature. They are also one of the oldest varieties of pigments. They have two basic types , viz. #owder lue and ultramarine violet. 7ltramarine pigments find application in coating , dyeing , printing inks , cosmetics , and the colors of the artists. 6pex Dye Stuff includes broad ranges in Disperse Dyes and 8eactive Dyes.