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GREECE

in figures
special edition
w w w . s t a t i s t i c s . g r

HELLENIC STATISTICAL AUTHORITY

F O RE WO RD
The current release coincides with Greeces taking over the
Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first
semester of 2014. It includes a set of key statistical data for
Greece compiled mainly by the Hellenic Statistical Authority.
The Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) will be in charge
of preparing and conducting the meetings of the Council
Working Party on Statistics. In this respect, the Greek Presidency will strive to complete the pending legislative dossiers
that have been already well advanced and to achieve
progress on initiated proposals of statistical acts.
The Greek Presidency will continue the work under way for
the provision of relevant and high-quality ocial European
Statistics to underpin the development, implementation and
monitoring of Union policies. It will pay particular attention
to enhancing confidence in ocial statistics, based on community law on statistics, commitment of national governments and compliance with the principles of the European
Statistics Code of Practice.
As part of the eort to achieve the fundamental goals of quality and confidence in European Statistics, wherever they are
produced, the Greek Presidency will promote discussion and
consideration of a more integrated and independent European Statistical System (ESS), leading to more harmonised,
high-quality and reliable European Statistics, while at the
same time improving the cost eectiveness and eciency of
the production of European Statistics.

Andreas V. Georgiou
President
of the
Hellenic Statistical Authority

CO N T E N TS
Foreword
Land and climate
1. Surface area of Greece
2. Principal mountains of Greece
3. Principal lakes of Greece
4. Principal rivers of Greece
5. Mean temperature at selected meteorological stations, 2012
Population
1. Resident Population by gender and age group. 2011 Population housing census
2. Resident Population by age group and marital status. 2011 Population - housing census
3. Resident Population by gender and region. 2011 Population - housing census
4. Resident Population by gender in the 10 largest Municipalities of
Greece. 2011 Population - housing census
5. Resident Population by citizenship. 2011 Population - housing census
6. Households by size. 2011 Population - housing census
7. Nuclear families by type. 2011 Population - housing census
8. Demographic indicators, 2008 - 2012
9. Marriages by type. Registered partnerships, 2008 - 2012
10. Births - Deaths, 2008 - 2012
11. Divorces, 2006 - 2010
12. EU: Life expectancy at birth, 2009 - 2011
Economic data
1. Selected economic indicators, 2006 - 2012
2. Gross domestic product at current prices, 2008 - 2012
3. Gross domestic product at constant prices, 2008 - 2012
4. Gross domestic product (annual volume changes - %), 2008 - 2012
5. Savings - Investment, 2008 - 2012
6. National Accounts - Wages, productivity and labour cost, 2008 - 2012
7. Main aggregates of General Government, 2008 - 2012
8. General Government debt, 2008 - 2013 (Q2)
9. Aggregated balance sheet of Monetary Financial Institutions (MFIs),
October 2008 - 2013
10. Balance of payments, 2005 - 2012
11. Consumer price index, harmonized index of consumer prices, harmonized index of consumer prices at constant tax rates and core inflation, 2012 and 2013 (Nov.)
12. Annual average sub - indices of the Consumer Price Index groups
of items, 2009 - 2012
13. EU: Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices. Annual average rate of
change, 2008 - 2012
14 EU: Gross domestic product per capita in purchasing power standards, 2008 - 2012
15 EU: General government deficit/surplus as % of Gross Domestic
Product, 2008 - 2012
16 EU: General Government gross debt as % of Gross Domestic Product, 2008 - 2012

Statistical Information and Publications Division,


46, Pireos and Eponiton str., 185 10 Piraeus
tel.: +30213 135 2022
fax: +30213 135 2312
e-mail: data.dissem@statistics.gr
library@statistics.gr
info@statistics.gr

Agriculture, livestock, fishing


1. Holdings and utilised agricultural area, 2009
2. Distribution of the utilized agricultural area of the holdings, by basic
categories of land use and by region, 2009
3. Holdings with irrigable and irrigated area, by region, 2009
4. Livestock holdings and number of animals, by region, 2009
5. Persons employed in agricultural holdings, by category, and days of
work of seasonal workers, 2009

11
11
11
12
12

15
16
18
19
20
21
22
23
23
24
24
25

28
30
31
32
33
34
35
38
40
42

46
48
49
50
51
52

55
56
58
60
60
5

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11

Agricultural areas and production,1991, 2001 and 2007 - 2009


Animal capital and production, 1991, 2001 and 2007 - 2009
Sea fishery, 2007 - 2011
Quantity of catch by main species, 2007 - 2011
Aquaculture, 2007 - 2011
EU: Livestock production - production of meat, 2010 - 2012

Manufacturing
1. Structural data for the enterprises of the manufacturing sector,
2008 - 2010
2. Industrial production index, 2010 - 2012
3. Electricity, 2007 - 2010
4. Mining: Number of enterprises, remunerated employment and
gross production value, 2010
5. EU: Total production of primary energy, 2008 - 2011
Construction
1. Public and private building activity, 2010 - 2012
2. Price indices of work categories and construction cost indices for
new residential buildings, 2008 - 2012
3. Evolution of the Production Index in Construction, 2009 - 2013 (Q3)
4. EU: Annual changes (%) in Production Index in Construction,
2010 - 2012
Trade
1. Evolution of the Turnover Index in Retail Trade, 2011 - 2013 (September)
2. Evolution of the Volume Index in Retail Trade, 2011 - 2013 (September)
3. Evolution of the Index of Employed Persons in Retail Trade,
2010 - 2013 (Q2)
4. Imports - Arrivals, Exports - Dispatches, by area of origin/destination,
including oil products, 2009 - 2012
5. Imports - Arrivals, Exports - Dispatches, by area of origin/destination,
including oil products, 2005, 2011, 2012
6. Imports - Arrivals, by main product categories according to SITC,
2010 - 2012
7. Exports - Dispatches, by main product categories according to SITC,
2010 - 2012
8. External Trade Balance, 2009 - 2012
9. EU: Intra - EU trade: Arrivals and dispatches, 2011 and 2012
Transport
1. Land transport, 2009 - 2012
2. Sea transport, 2009 - 2012
3. Domestic and international air trac, 2007 - 2012
4. Turnover indices in transport sector, 2009 - 2012
5. EU: Transport of goods by road, 2009 - 2012

Labour market
1. Population aged 15 yers and over by employment status, 2008 2012
1a. Population aged 15 years and over by employment status, quarterly
data, 2012 and 2013 (Q3)
2. Population aged 15 yers and over by employment status and gender, 2008 - 2012
3. Persons employed aged 15 years and over by main sector of the
economy and gender, 2008 - 2012
4. Persons employed aged 15 years and over by occupational status,
2008 - 2012
5. Population aged 15 years and over by age group and employment
status, 2012
5a. Population aged 15 years and over by age groups and employment
status, quarterly data, 2013 (Q3)
6. Evolution of the percentage of the unemployed for total population,
male - female and for persons aged 15 - 29 years, 2000 - 2012

64
66
63
63
63
64

69
70
71
71
72

74
74
76
78

80

7. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment, 2008 - 2012


8. Unemployed persons by age group, gender and educational attainment level, 2008 - 2012
9. Labour force and unemployment rate by region 2008 - 2012
10. EU: Unemployment rate, 2008 - 2012
Household consumption and housing amenities
1 Average monthly household expenditure (purchases) on goods and
services, 2008 - 2012
2 Average monthly consumption of basic goods, 2008 - 2012
3 Average monthly purchases for goods and services by poverty status of the population, 2012
4. Percentage distribution of households by housing amenities,
2008 - 2012
5. Percentage distribution of households by number of rooms and surface of dwelling, 2008 - 2012
6. Percentage distribution of households by main heating means, 2008
- 2012
Poverty - inequality
1. At-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers by gender and age
group, 2007 - 2012
2. At-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers by employment status,
2008 - 2012
3. At-risk-of-poverty rate by level of educational attainment, 2008 - 2012
4. Material deprivation, 2007 - 2012
5. Households with poor housing conditions, 2008 - 2012
6. EU:People at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion, 2007 - 2011

103
104
106
108

110
111
112
113
114
115

118
119
119
120
120
121

80
80
82
84
86
87
88
90

93
93
93
94
94

97
97

Education
1. Primary education (kindergartens): Pupils, school units and teaching
sta, end of school year 2008/09 - 2011/12
2. Primary education (primary schools): Pupils, school units and teaching sta, end of school year 2008/09 - 2011/12
3. Secondary education (lower secondary schools): Pupils, school units
and teaching sta, end of school year 2008/09 - 2011/12
4. Secondary general education (upper secondary schools): Pupils,
school units and teaching sta, end of school year 2008/09 2011/12
5. Tertiary education (technical sector): Teaching sta, students and
graduates, end of academic year 2007/08 - 2011/12
6. Tertiary education (universities): Teaching sta, students and graduates, end of academic year 2007/08 - 2011/12
7. EU: School expectancy, 2007 - 2011
8. EU: Total general government expenditure on education as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product, 2007 - 2011
Health
1. Hospitals, beds, health centres and pharmacies per 100,000 inhabitants, 2007 - 2011
2. Percentage distribution of European system of integrated social protection statistics (ESSPROS) social protection expenditure, 2007 2011
3. Physicians per 1,000 inhabitants by specialty, 2008 - 2012
4. Percentage distribution of population by health status, 2008 - 2012

125
126
127

128
129
130
131
132

135

135
136
136

98
99
100
101
101
102

Justice
1. Percentage distribution of persons sentenced by age and gender,
2006 - 2010
2. Percentage distribution of persons sentenced by marital status and
educational attainment level, 2006 - 2010
3. Percentage distribution of persons sentenced for criminal oences
by type of penalty, 2006 - 2010
4. EU: Crimes, 2006 - 2010

139
140
140
141
7

Land and climate


Culture - Tourism
1. Museums and archaeological sites, 2008 - 2012
2. Art galleries, 2007 - 2011
3. State and municipal thetres and orchestras, 2008 - 2011
4. Arrivals of non - residents in Greece by means of transport, 2010 - 2012
5. Arrivals of non - residents in Greece by country of origin, 2011 and
2012
6 Number of nights spent by Greek and foreign nationals in hotels
and campsites, 2012
7 Overnight stays in all hotel units (except campsites) and their capacity, 2008 - 2012
8. Number of resident tourists on personal trips with at least 4
overnight stays, 2007 - 2011
9. EU: Number of resident tourists on personal trips with at least 4
overnight stays, 2007 - 2011
Information and communication technologies
1. Percentage of population making use of PC and having internet access, 2008 - 2012
2. Percentage of households with internet access at home, 2008 - 2012
3. Percentage of population using the internet by type of activity,
2008 - 2012
4. Percentage of population having bought/ ordered goods or services
over the internet, 2008 - 2012
5. EU: Percentage of households with internet access at home, 2008 2012

145
145
145
145
146
147
148
148
149

153
154
155
156
157

Land and climate

Land and climate

1. Surface area of Greece


Area (km2)

Geographical regions
Greece, total

131,957

Greater Athens Area


Rest of Central Greece and Evia
Peloponnissos
Ionia Nisia
Ipeiros
Thessalia
Makedonia
Thraki
Nisia Aigaiou
Kriti

457
24,361
21,379
2,307
9,203
14,037
34,177
8,578
9,122
8,336

2. Principal mountains of Greece


Mountains
Olympos
Smolikas
Grammos
Voras
Gkiona
Tymfi (Gkamila)
Parnassos
Idi (Psiloritis)
Lefka Ori
Athamanon Ori
Vardousia
Taygetos
Kyllini
Aroania

Height
(m)
2,904
2,631
2,521
2,519
2,508
2,500
2,456
2,454
2,453
2,429
2,413
2,405
2,375
2,339

Mountains
Varnous
Tymfristos
Lakmos
Pindos
Falacron (Prof. Ilias)
Erymanthos
Orvilos
Pieria
Oiti
Dikti
Agrafa (Fteri)
Askio
Vermio
Athos

Height
(m)
2,330
2,313
2,294
2,248
2,229
2,223
2,213
2,188
2,151
2,148
2,127
2,107
2,058
2,027

Source: Hellenic Military Geographical Service.

3. Principal lakes of Greece


Lakes
Trichonida
Volvi
Vegoritida
Vistonida
Koroneia
Mikri Prespa(1)
Megali Prespa(1)
Kerkini
Kastoria

Surface
(km2)
96,228
70,443
54,473
44,860
46,539
42,541
39,040
34,016
28,873

Lakes
Ioannina
Yliki
Doirani(1)
Amvrakia
Lysimachia
Petron
Paralimni
Chimaditida
Ozeros

Surface
(km2)
19,436
19,441
17,511
12,010
13,085
12,033
11,856
7,804
9,368

Source: Hellenic Military Geographical Service.


(1) Surface area of lake on Greek territory.
10

11

Land and climate

Population

4. Principal rivers of Greece


Length
(km)

Rivers
Aliakmonas
Acheloos
Pineios (Thessalia)
Evros(1)
Nestos(1)
Strymonas(1)
Thyamis
Alfeios
Arachthos
Enipeas
Evrotas

Length
(km)

Rivers

297
220
205
204
130
118
115
110
110
84
82

Asopos
Louros
Sperchios
Megdovas
Axios(1)
Aoos(1)
Gkallikos
Ladonas
Mornos
Pineios (Peloponnissos)

80
80
80
78
76
70
70
70
70
70

Source: Hellenic Military Geographical Service.


(1) Length of river on Greek territory.

Population

5. Mean temperatures at selected meteorological


stations, 2012
Stations
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
Octomber
November
December

Athens(1)
9.4
12.7
17.6
21.8
28.6
31.2
30.5
26.2
22.7
17.3
11.5

Thessaloniki

Kerkyra

3.3
4.7
11.0
16.0
20.8
27.7
30.6
28.7
23.5
19.7
13.8
6.3

7.2
9.6
13.5
16.6
20.7
26.8
30.1
29.1
24.4
20.8
16.4
10.6

Santorini
10.3
11.7
13.8
17.6
20.9
25.6
28.4
27.9
24.4
22.6
18.3
13.9

Rodos

Irakleio

11.1
11.6
14.3
17.6
21.0
25.8
29.1
29.8
25.7
22.9
18.9
14.6

10.6
11.2
13.3
17.9
20.9
25.3
28.2
27.8
24.9
22.4
18.7
13.9

Source: National Meteorological Service.


... = No data available.
(1) Elliniko measuring station.

12

13

Population

1. Resident Population by gender and age group


2011 Population - ousing Census
2011
Age group
Male

otal
Total
0- 9
10 - 19
20 - 29
30 - 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - 69
70 - 79
80 +

10,815,197
1,049,718
1,072,596
1,350,773
1,635,129
1,580,906
1,391,713
1,133,921
1,017,163
583,278

Female

5,302,703
537,161
552,117
696,698
827,468
781,022
676,948
543,361
456,200
231,728

5,512,494
512,557
520,479
654,075
807,661
799,884
714,765
590,560
560,963
351,550

Age groups: population and percent share by gender


85+

Male
Arrenes

Female

80 - 84
75 - 79
70 - 74
65 - 69
60 - 64
55 - 59
50 - 54
45 - 49
40 - 44
35 - 39
30 - 34
25 - 29
20 - 24
15 - 19
10 - 14
5 - 9

14

350,000
400,000
450,000

200,000
250,000
300,000

50,000
100,000
150,000

150,000
100,000
50,000
0

300,000
250,000
200,000

450,000
400,000
350,000

0 - 4

15

Population

Population

2. Resident Population by age


2011 Population Age group

Total

Total
0 - 14
15 - 19
20 - 29
30 - 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - 69
70 - 79
80 +

10,815,197
1,569,089
553,225
1,350,773
1,635,129
1,580,906
1,391,713
1,133,921
1,017,163
583,278

Single

Married

4,227,033
1,568,836
546,361
1,088,552
564,087
229,180
107,179
57,880
41,577
23,381

5,364,221
250
6,431
249,234
1,001,005
1,201,657
1,107,005
879,777
671,883
246,979

Widowed
820,392

25
938
6,185
23,822
67,820
138,435
277,371
305,796

group and marital status


Housing Census
Divorced
331,653
2
269
7,493
49,604
103,708
92,064
49,029
23,022
6,462

Under
registered
partnership

Separated

Widowed from
registered
partnership

1,763
1
42
392
513
441
241
97
28
8

69,725

89
4,107
13,640
21,954
17,324
8,678
3,281
652

78

5
16
16
20
18
2
1

Divorced from
registered
partnership
332

3
41
79
124
62
23

Percentage distribution of Resident Population


by gender and marital status
30.0
25.0
20.0
15.0
10.0
5.0

Male

16

Divorced and
divorced from
registered
partnership

Widowed and
widowed from
registered
partnership

Married, registered
partnership and
separated

Single

0.0

Female

17

Population

Population

3. Resident Population by gender and region


2011 Population - Housing Census
Total

Region

Greece,total
Anatoliki Makedonia,
Thraki
Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

Male

Female

10,815,197

5,302,703

608,182
1,881,869
283,689
732,762
336,856
207,855
679,796
547,390
577,903
3,827,624
199,231
308,975
623,065

299,643
912,577
141,779
362,194
165,775
102,400
339,310
277,475
291,777
1,845,279
99,984
155,845
308,665

Percent over
total region
FeMale
male

5,512,494 49.0 51.0

308,539
969,292
141,910
370,568
171,081
105,455
340,486
269,915
286,126
1,982,345
99,247
153,130
314,400

49.3
48.5
50.0
49.4
49.2
49.3
49.9
50.7
50.5
48.2
50.2
50.4
49.5

50.7
51.5
50.0
50.6
50.8
50.7
50.1
49.3
49.5
51.8
49.8
49.6
50.5

Percent share
Municipality

Male

Total

Female
Male

Athens
Thessaloniki
Patra
Irakleio
Piraeus
Larisa
Volos
Peristeri
Rodos
Ioannina

664,046
325,182
213,984
173,993
163,688
162,591
144,449
139,981
115,490
112,486

315,210
148,470
104,307
85,133
78,200
79,762
70,185
68,563
57,879
53,975

348,836
176,712
109,677
88,860
85,488
82,829
74,264
71,418
57,611
58,511

Female

47.5
45.7
48.7
48.9
47.8
49.1
48.6
49.0
50.1
48.0

52.5
54.3
51.3
51.1
52.2
50.9
51.4
51.0
49.9
52.0

Resident Population by gender in the 10 largest


Municipalities of Greece
400,000
350,000

Male

Female

300,000

Distribution of Resident Population by region

250,000

4,000,000

35.4

200,000

3,500,000

150,000

3,000,000

100,000

2,500,000
17.4

2,000,000

50,000

Rodos

Volos

Piraeus

Irakleio

2.9 5.8

Peristeri

1.8

Ioannina

500,000

5.1 5.3

3.1 1.9

2.6

Patra

6.8
5.6

Thessaloniki

6.3

Athens

1,500,000
1,000,000

4. Resident Population by gender in the 10 largest


Municipalities of Greece
2011 Population - Housing Census

Larisa

18

Kriti

Notio Aigaio

Attiki

Voreio Aigaio

Sterea Ellada

Peloponnisos

Ionia Nisia

Dytiki Ellada

Ipeiros

Thessalia

Dytiki Makedonia

Kentriki Makedonia

Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki

19

Population

Population

5. Resident Population by citizenship


2011 Population - Housing Census

6. Households by size
2011 Population - Housing Census

2011
Total
Greek(1)
EU countries
European countries outside EU
Africa
Caribbean, South or Central America
North America
Asia
Oceania
Without citizenship or citizenship not specified or
not declared

10,815,197
9,903,268
199,101
530,213
25,846
2,564
7,248
138,262
1,990
6,705

(1) Population with double citizenship is also included (Greek and other).

Households

Number
of members

2011

Total
1 member
2 members
3

4
5

9 members
10 and over

4,134,157
1,061,471
1,218,356
817,842
726,469
209,545
68,595
20,272
7,510
1,881
2,216

Households by size

Resident Population by citizenship


1,400,000

Other countries
6.5%
EU countries
1.8%

Without citizenship
or citizenship not specified
0.04%

Greek
91.6%

35.0
Households

1,200,000

Percent

30.0

1,000,000

25.0

800,000

20.0

600,000

15.0

400,000

10.0

200,000

5.0

0.0
1

10 +

Greek
EU countries
Other countries
Without citizenship or citizenship not specified

20

21

Population

Population

7. Nuclear families by type


2011 Population - Housing Census
Type

8. Demographic indicators(1), 2008 - 2012


2008

2011

Total
Married couples without children
Married couples with child/children
Partners without children
Partners with child/children
Single father with child/children
Single mother with child/children

Age dependency ratio


Ageing ratio
Mean age of mother at birth

3,021,133
913,204
1,570,269
61,630
12,317
74,421
389,292

Total fertility rate


Total mortality rate
Infant mortality rate

Nuclear families by type


60.0

1,800,000
1,600,000

50.0

Nuclear families

1,400,000

Percent

1,200,000

40.0

1,000,000

30.0

800,000

2009

2010

2011

2012

49.7
128.3
30.9

50.2
128.8
31.1

50.9
130.4
31.2

51.8
133.1
31.4

52.8
135.8
31.6

1.5
9.7
2.7

1.5
9.7
3.1

1.5
9.8
3.8

1.4
10.0
3.4

1.3
10.5
2.9

(1) Age dependency ratio: The ratio of the number of economically non-active
persons (aged 0 - 14 and 65+) compared with the number of economically
active persons (aged 15 - 64).
Ageing ratio: The number of persons aged 60 years or over per hundred persons under the age of 15.
Total fertility rate: The average number of living children that a woman will
give birth to over the course of her lifetime (provided that during her reproductive age, the fertility conditions prevail by age of the reference year). The
total fertility rate is used in order to determine the level of replacement of
the generations, which, in developed countries is considered to be 2.1.
Total mortality rate: The number of deaths per 1,000 people.
Infant mortality rate: The number of children dying at less than a year of age
divided by the number of live births that year. The ratio is expressed by 1,000
live births.

20.0

600,000
400,000

10.0

200,000

0.0
Single mother with
child/children

Single father with


child/children

Partners with
child/children

Partners without
children

Married couples
with
child/children

Married couples
without children

9. Marriages by type(1). Registered partnerships, 2008 - 2012

Total
Religious
Civil

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

53,500
32,380
21,120

59,212
34,375
24,837

56,338
30,327
26,011

55,099
28,472
26,627

49,710
23,980
25,730

161

180

185

314

Registered partnerships

... = No data available.


(1) In case a couple decides after the civil marriage to also perform a religious
marriage, this religious marriage is not registered.

Marriages by type
60,000
50,000
40,000
30,000
20,000
Religious
Civil

10,000
0
2008
22

2009

2010

2011

2012
23

Population

Population

10. Births - Deaths, 2008 - 2012


2008

2009

2010

12. U: Life expectancy at birth, 2009 - 2011

2011

Female

Male

2012
Countries

Births
Deaths
Dierence

118,302
107,979
10,323

117,933
108,316
9,617

114,766
109,084
5,682

106,428
111,099
- 4,669

100,371
116,670
- 16,299

Births - Deaths
120,000

115,000

110,000

105,000

Births
Deaths

2009

2010

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

77.6
77.3
78.0
77.8
77.8
69.8
77.7
78.7
79.4
78.6
78.1
77.9
78.7
76.5
71.4
75.9
76.6

77.9
77.6
78.2
78.0
78.4
70.6
78.7
79.1
79.8
79.2
77.9
79.2
78.9
76.7
71.7
76.4
76.9

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

70.1
76.9
78.3
73.0
68.1
67.5
70.3
71.5
69.8
79.4
74.2

70.3
77.2
78.7
73.5
68.6
68.0
70.7
72.1
70.1
79.6
74.5

2011

2009

2010

78.3
77.8
78.7
78.4
78.5
71.2
78.3
79.4
(1)80.1
79.3
78.5
78.6
79.4
77.6
72.3
76.8
77.3

83.2
82.8
85.0
82.8
82.7
80.2
82.7
84.9
84.6
83.6
83.3
82.7
82.9
82.6
79.1
82.7
83.5

83.5
83.0
85.3
83.0
82.8
80.8
83.2
85.3
85.0
83.9
83.5
83.6
83.0
82.8
79.3
83.1
83.5

70.7
77.8
79.1
73.9
68.6
68.1
71.2
72.6
71.0
79.9
74.8

77.4
81.1
82.5
79.7
78.0
78.7
78.4
80.1
77.4
83.5
80.5

77.4
81.4
82.6
79.9
78.4
78.9
78.6
80.7
*77.6
83.6
80.9

(1)

2011

83.9
83.2
85.7
83.2
83.1
81.3
82.8
85.4
(1)85.3
83.1
83.6
82.9
83.1
84.0
79.8
83.3
83.8
(1)

100,000
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

11. Divorces, 2006 - 2010

Total
Grounds for divorce
Default divorce
Legal separation for
over 4 years
Divorce by mutual consent
Not declared
Duration of marriage
up to 2 years
2- 5
5 - 10
10 +
Not declared

24

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

13,218

12,994

13,163

13,607

13,275

3,758

4,262

3,999

4,813

4,647

2,410

2,760

2,595

2,954

3,291

9,436
24

8,671
61

9,118
46

8,777
17

8,589
39

69
1,979
3,260
7,576
334

71
1,962
2,888
7,717
356

66
2,015
3,052
7,749
281

83
1,964
3,061
8,334
165

60
1,947
3,114
7,884
270

77.8
81.9
83.1
80.4
78.8
79.3
78.7
81.1
*78.2
83.8
81.1

S o u r c e : Eurostat.
* = Provisional data.
(1) Estimates.

25

Economic data

Economic data

26

27

Economic data

Economic data

1. Selected economic
2006

2007

2008

indicators, 2006 - 2012(1)


2009

2010

2011

2012

(% change, unless otherwise indicated)


Domestic economy
GDP at constant prices of 2005
Total domestic demand (contribution)
Private consumption
Public consumption
Gross fixed capital formation
Foreign balance (contribution)
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
GDP deflator
GDP at current prices (billion )
GDP at current prices
CPI(2) (annual average)
HICP(3) (annual average)
Core Inflation(4) (annual average)
Unemployment (annual average rate)

5.5
8.1
4.4
3.1
14.9
-2.6
4.3
11.1
2.4
208.6
8.1
3.2
3.3
2.2
8.9

3.5
6.9
3.6
7.1
22.8
-3.3
7.1
14.5
3.3
223.2
7.0
2.9
3.0
2.7
8.3

-0.2
-0.3
4.3
-2.6
-14.3
0.1
1.7
0.9
4.7
233.2
4.5
4.2
4.2
2.9
7.6

-3.1
-6.2
-1.6
4.9
-13.7
3.0
-19.4
-20.2
2.3
231.1
-0.9
1.2
1.3
2.4
9.5

-4.9
-7.8
-6.2
-8.7
-15.0
2.9
5.2
-6.2
1.1
222.2
-3.9
4.7
4.7
2.7
12.5

-7.1
-9.5
-7.7
-5.2
-19.6
2.3
0.3
-7.3
1.0
208.5
-6.1
3.3
3.1
1.0
17.7

-6.4
-10.2
-9.1
-4.2
-19.2
3.5
-2.4
-13.8
-0.8
193.7
-7.1
1.5
1.0
-0.3
24.2

(% of GDP)
Public finance (General Government)(5)
Total revenues
Total expenditures
Primary expenditures
Overall balance
Primary balance
Gross debt (aastricht)(6)

39.2
45.3
40.6
-6.0
-1.3
107.8

40.7
47.5
42.7
-6.8
-2.0
107.3

40.7
50.6
45.5
-9.9
-4.8
112.9

38.4
54.0
48.8
-15.6
-10.5
129.7

40.6
51.5
45.5
-10.8
-4.9
148.3

42.4
52.0
44.8
-9.6
-2.4
170.3

44.6
53.6
48.6
-9.0
-4.0
(10)156.9

Balance of payments(7)
Current account balance
Trade and services balance
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
Current transfers
Net income receipts
Net international investment position

-11.4
-9.6
21.3
30.9
1.6
-3.5
-85.4

-14.6
-11.2
21.9
33.0
0.7
-4.2
-96.1

-14.9
-11.5
23.1
34.6
1.2
-4.6
-76.8

-11.2
-7.8
18.3
26.2
0.6
-3.9
-89.6

-10.1
-6.8
20.5
27.3
0.1
-3.5
-98.4

-9.9
-6.0
23.4
29.5
0.3
-4.1
-84.5

-2.4
-2.3
25.6
27.9
0.7
-0.8
-108.8

(% change, unless otherwise indicated)


Interest rates and credit(7)
Lending rate(8)
Credit to private sector(9)

6.7
21.1

7.2
21.5

7.2
15.9

5.7
4.2

6.5
0.0

7.6
-3.1

7.2
-4.0

Exchange rates(7)
Nominal eective exchange rate
Real eective exchange rate (CPI - based)

0.0
0.8

1.3
1.6

2.4
2.5

1.2
1.6

-2.8
-0.5

0.5
0.4

-2.0
-3.7

(1) GDP (and components) data for 2005 - 2012 have been revised with 2005
as benchmark year.
(2) CPI: Consumer Price Index.
(3) HICP: Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices.
(4) Core nflation: CPI excluding food, beverages, tobacco and energy.
(5) From 2006 onwards, the deficit and debt figures reflect also data of the
Public Corporations that have been reclassified into the General Government sector.
(6) Debt as defined in the Maastricht Treaty.
(7) Source: Bank of Greece.
(8) Loans to corporations, up to 1 year. Percentage at the end of December,
excluding charges.
(9) Domestic credit growth to households and enterprises.
(10) Includes debt reduction under the private sector involvement (PSI) initiative.

28

29

Economic data

Economic data

2. Gross domestic product at current prices,


2008 - 2012(1)

3. Gross domestic product at constant prices,


2008 - 2012(1)

Million euro

Million euro
2008*

Production approach
Output of goods and services (at basic prices)
Intermediate consumption
(at purchasers' prices)
Gross value added (at basic
prices)
Agriculture, hunting and
forestry, fishing
Industry, including energy
and construction
Services
Taxes on products
Subsidies on products
Expenditure approach
Final consumption expenditure
Households & NPISH(2)
Households
NPISH(2)
General Government
Gross capital formation
Gross fixed capital formation
Changes in inventories
Domestic demand
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
External balance of goods
and services

2009*

2010*

2011*

383,733 374,009 351,385 335,234 313,771


178,698 168,107 156,163 152,097 143,249
205,035 205,901 195,222 183,137 170,521
6,394

6,372

6,300

6,175

2008*

2012*

5,751

39,292 35,680 33,143 28,963 28,020


159,349 163,850 155,779 147,999 136,750
28,674 25,704 27,368 25,798 23,644
511
524
438
404
416

210,982 214,646 203,803 191,812 177,154


168,699 167,189 163,053 155,563 142,756
165,752 163,672 159,440 151,802 139,304
2,948
3,517
3,614
3,762
3,452
42,283 47,457 40,749 36,248 34,398
55,996 42,923 38,955 33,591 26,339
52,607 45,932 39,185 31,592 25,468
3,389 -3,009
-230
1,999
871
266,979 257,569 242,758 225,403 203,493
56,271

44,514

49,414

52,247

52,309

90,052

71,002

70,020

69,119

62,053

-33,781 -26,488 -20,606 -16,871

-9,744

Income approach
Compensation of employees 82,926 84,914 80,493 73,288 63,968
Gross operating surplus /
mixed income
124,110 123,172 117,071 111,395 108,087
Taxes on production and imports
29,662 26,743 27,926 27,077 25,009
Subsidies
3,500
3,748
3,339
3,229
3,315

Production approach
Output of goods and services (at basic prices)
Intermediate consumption
(at purchasers' prices)
Gross value added (at basic
prices)
Agriculture, hunting and
forestry, fishing
Industry, including energy
and construction
Services
Taxes on products
Subsidies on products
Expenditure approach
Final consumption expenditure
Households & NPISH(2)
Households
NPISH(2)
General Government
Gross capital formation
Gross fixed capital formation
Domestic demand
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
External balance of goods
and services

2009*

2010*

2011*

2012*

341,703 331,833 305,253 284,275 263,772


156,643 150,951 133,691 124,028 113,514
185,103 180,958 171,522 160,222 150,350
6,679

7,029

7,417

7,017

6,791

33,500 31,026 28,263 24,960 23,992


144,994 143,152 136,239 128,677 120,015
25,889 23,454 22,730 20,265 18,656
532
558
443
397
369

189,436
151,852
149,167
2,678
37,559
50,662
48,383
240,127

188,924
149,476
146,316
3,158
39,398
37,982
41,749
227,009

176,116
140,138
136,959
3,179
35,988
34,831
35,473
211,045

163,421
129,321
126,125
3,202
34,129
29,110
28,519
192,712

150,093
117,592
114,685
2,912
32,685
24,003
23,038
174,286

50,898

41,015

43,142

43,283

42,227

80,537

64,262

60,298

55,871

48,179

-29,620 -23,245 -17,375 -12,904

-6,599

Gross domestic product at


210,431 203,830 193,754 179,986 168,515
market prices
* = Provisional data.
(1) Data for 2005 - 2012 have been revised with 2005 as benchmark year.
(2) Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households.

Gross domestic product at


market prices
233,198 231,081 222,151 208,532 193,749
* = Provisional data.
(1) Data for 2005 - 2012 have been revised with 2005 as benchmark year.
(2) Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households.

30

31

Economic data

Economic data

4. Gross domestic product,


2008 - 2012(1)

5. Savings - Investment,
2008 - 2012(1)

nnual volume changes (%)

Million euro. At current prices


2008*

Production approach
Output of goods and services (at
basic prices)
Intermediate consumption (at purchasers' prices)
Gross value added (at basic
prices)
Agriculture, hunting and forestry,
fishing
Industry, including energy and
construction
Services
Taxes on products
Subsidies on products
Expenditure approach
Final consumption expenditure
Households & NPISH(2)
General Government
Gross capital formation
Gross fixed capital formation
Domestic demand(3)
Exports of goods and services
Imports of goods and services
External balance of goods and
services(3)

2009*

2010*

2011*

2012*

2008*

-2.9

-8.0

-6.9

-7.2

-3.3

-3.6

-11.4

-7.2

0.0

-2.2

-5.2

2.0

5.2

-10.2
2.7
-2.3
-17.2

2010*

2011*

2012*

233,198 231,081 222,151 208,532 193,749

GDP
-1.5

2009*

-8.5

Savings ratio (Gross Savings/ Gross Disposable Income)

0.06

0.04

0.05

0.05

0.08

-6.6

-6.2

Gross Savings / Investment(2)

0.25

0.23

0.27

0.27

0.61

5.5

-5.4

-3.2

Savings - Investment Balance

-7.4
-1.3
-9.4
4.8

-8.9
-4.8
-3.1
-20.7

-11.7
-5.6
-10.8
-10.3

-3.9
-6.7
-7.9
-7.1

55,996
47,391
8,605

42,923
35,667
7,256

38,955
33,917
5,038

33,591
30,026
3,565

26,339
22,844
3,495

2.9
4.3
-2.6
-10.4
-14.3
-0.3
1.7
0.9

-0.3
-1.6
4.9
-25.0
-13.7
-6.2
-19.4
-20.2

-6.8
-6.2
-8.7
-8.3
-15.0
-7.8
5.2
-6.2

-7.2
-7.7
-5.2
-16.4
-19.6
-9.5
0.3
-7.3

-8.2
-9.1
-4.2
-17.5
-19.2
-10.2
-2.4
-13.8

Gross savings
14,103
9,744 10,563
9,098
Private sector (Sp)
29,274 37,058 30,339 27,608
General Government (Sg) -15,171 -27,314 -19,776 -18,510

16,040
25,311
-9,271

0.1

3.0

2.9

2.3

3.5

Investment
Private sector (Ip)
General Government (Ig)

Use of foreign savings


(Sp-Ip) + (Sg-Ig)(3)
Private sector (Sp-Ip)
General Government
(Sg-Ig)(4)

-41,894 -33,179 -28,392 -24,493 -10,299


-18,118

1,391

-3,578

-2,418

2,467

-23,776 -34,570 -24,814 -22,075 -12,766

(% of GDP)
Gross domestic product at market prices
*=
(1)
(2)
(3)

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Investment
Private sector (Ip)
General Government (Ig)

24.0
20.3
3.7

18.6
15.4
3.1

17.5
15.3
2.3

16.1
14.4
1.7

13.6
11.8
1.8

Gross savings
Private sector (Sp)
General Government (Sg)

6.0
12.6
-6.5

4.2
16.0
-11.8

4.8
13.7
-8.9

4.4
13.2
-8.9

8.3
13.1
-4.8

-18.0

-14.4

-12.8

-11.7

-5.3

-7.8
-10.2

0.6
-15.0

-1.6
-11.2

-1.2
-10.6

1.3
-6.6

GDP
-0.2

-3.1

-4.9

-7.1

-6.4

Provisional data.
Data for 2005 - 2012 have been revised with 2005 as benchmark year.
Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households.
Contribution to GDP growth rate.

Use of foreign savings


(Sp-Ip) + (Sg-Ig)(3)
Private sector (Sp-Ip)
General Government
(Sg-Ig)(4)

* = Provisional data.
(1) Macroaggregates for the total economy are estimates of September 2012
(2006-2011) and March 2013 (2012). General Government data (2006-2012)
are estimates of March 2013.
(2) Investments: Gross Capital Formation (including inventories).
(3) = - [Current external balance of the Rest of the World]. National accounts
concept similar to the current account balance of the BoP.
(4) = General Government overall balance minus net capital transfers (receivable minus payable) plus acquisitions less disposals of non-financial nonproduced assets.

32

33

Economic data

Economic data

6. National Accounts - Wages, productivity and


labour cost, 2008 - 2012

7. Main aggregates of General Goverment,


2008 - 2012(1)

Year-on- year change (%)

Million euro

Compensation per employee(1)


Labour productivity
Unit labour cost(2)
GDP deflator

2008*

2009*

2010*

2011*

2012*

3.6
3.5
5.1
4.7

3.5
1.0
6.2
2.3

-2.6
-2.7
-0.1
1.1

-3.4
-0.6
-1.8
1.0

-4.2
1.6
-6.2
-0.8

* = Provisional data.
(1) All branches of economic activity are included.
(2) Unit labour cost (ULC) measures the average cost of labour per unit of output and is calculated as the ratio of labour compensation to real GDP.

National Accounts: Wages, productivity and


labour cost (y-o-y change)
8.0

4.0

0.0

-4.0

-8.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

Compensation per employee


Labour productivity
Unit labour cost

2012

Revenue
Taxes on production and imports, receivable
Taxes on income and property, receivable
Social contributions
Other
Capital transfers, receivable

2008*

2009*

2010*

2011*

2012*

94,847

88,628

90,197

88,439

86,380

28,985

26,153

27,237

26,678

24,223

18,714
30,749
11,163
5,236

19,146
29,457
10,635
3,237

17,515
29,701
11,029
4,715

18,031
27,272
11,353
5,105

19,613
26,475
11,090
4,979

117,994 124,736 114,250 108,437 103,856


Total expenditure
106,057 112,818 101,057 93,420 94,151
Primary expenditure
Compensation of em28,000 31,020 27,713 25,700 23,948
ployees, payable
45,753 48,981 47,503 47,186 44,314
Social benefits
15,053 17,125 13,421
9,844
9,614
Goods and services
70
123
129
1,032
1,019
Subsidies, payable
Other current transfers,
3,969
3,587
3,410
2,983
2,425
payable
8,881
6,675 12,831
Capital transfers, payable 13,212 11,982
11,937 11,918 13,193 15,017
9,705
Interest payments
Primary balance
Overall balance(2)
Overall balance(3)
Overall balance (excluding
the impact of the support
to the financial institutions)

-11,210 -24,190 -10,860 -4,981


-23,147 -36,108 -24,053 -19,998
-22,883 -36,166 -23,715 -19,869

-7,771
-17,476
-17,414

-22,883 -36,539 -24,675 -20,491

-11,919

Gross debt (Maastricht)(4)

263,287 299,690 329,514 355,141 (6)303,928

(As percentage of GDP)(5)


Revenue
Taxes on production and imports, receivable
Taxes on income and property, receivable
Social contributions
Other
Capital transfers, receivable
Total expenditure
Primary expenditure
Compensation of employees, payable
Social benefits
Goods and services
Subsidies, payable
Other current transfers,
payable
Capital transfers, payable
Interest payments
Primary balance
Overall balance(2)
Overall balance(3)
Overall balance (excluding
the impact of the support
to the financial institutions)
Gross debt (Maastricht)

(4)

40.7

38.4

40.6

42.4

44.6

12.4

11.3

12.3

12.8

12.5

8.0
13.2
4.8
2.2

8.3
12.7
4.6
1.4

7.9
13.4
5.0
2.1

8.6
13.1
5.4
2.4

10.1
13.7
5.7
2.6

50.6
45.5

54.0
48.8

51.4
45.5

52.0
44.8

53.6
48.6

12.0
19.6
6.5
0.0

13.4
21.2
7.4
0.1

12.5
21.4
6.0
0.1

12.3
22.6
4.7
0.5

12.4
22.9
5.0
0.5

1.7
5.7
5.1

1.6
5.2
5.2

1.5
4.0
5.9

1.4
3.2
7.2

1.3
6.6
5.0

-4.8
-9.9
-9.8

-10.5
-15.6
-15.7

-4.9
-10.8
-10.7

-2.4
-9.6
-9.5

-4.0
-9.0
-9.0

-9.8

-15.8

-11.1

-9.8

-6.2

112.9

129.7

148.3

170.3

156.9

GDP at market prices (in mil233,198 231,081 222,151 208,532 193,749


lion )

34

* = Provisional data.
(1) From 2006 onwards, the deficit and debt figures reflect also data of the Public
Corporations that have been reclassified into the General Government sector.
(2) Balance according to ESA95 (swaps transactions are not included).
(3) EDP Balance (swaps transactions are included).
(4) Debt as defined in the Maastricht Treaty.
(5) 2005 - 2012: Revised GDP data.
(6) Includes debt reduction under the private sector involvement (PSI) initiative.

35

Economic data

Economic data

Main aggregates of General Government as percentage of GDP

Expenditure of General Government as percentage of GDP

60.0

25.0

55.0

20.0

50.0

15.0

45.0

10.0

40.0

5.0

35.0

0.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2008

2012

2009

Total expenditure
Primary expenditure
Revenue

2010

2011

2012

Compensation of employees
Social benefits
Goods and services
Capital transfers
Interest payments

Revenue of General Government as percentage of GDP


16.0

Primary balance, Overall balance and Overall balance


(excluding the impact of the support to the financial
institutions) of General Government as percentage of GDP

14.0

2.0

12.0
-2.0

10.0
-6.0

8.0
-10.0

6.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

Social contributions
Taxes on production
Taxes on income

2012

-14.0
-18.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Primary balance
Overall balance
Overall balance (excluding the impact of
the support to the financial institutions)

36

37

Economic data

Economic data

8. General Government

debt, 2008 - 2013 (Q2)(1)

Million euro

Nominal value of debt outstanding at the end of


year
Currency and deposits
Securities other than shares,
excl. financial derivatives
Short-term (1 year)
Long-term (>1 year)
Loans
Short-term
Long-term
(As percentage of debt)
Currency and deposits
Securities other than shares,
excl. financial derivatives
Short-term
Long-term
Loans
Short-term
Long-term

2012(2)

2011

2013 Q2

2013 Q1

2008

2009

2010

263,287

299,690

329,514

355,141

303,928

305,679

316,969

728

1,477

1,005

820

774

762

974

217,011
5,496
211,515
45,548
295
45,253

253,622
10,820
242,802
44,591
1,515
43,076

253,433
9,121
244,312
75,076
2,765
72,311

251,998
11,844
240,154
102,323
2,620
99,703

93,614
16,516
77,098
209,540
2,207
207,333

89,497
12,632
76,865
215,420
311
215,109

82,140
11,965
70,175
233,855
151
233,704

0.3

0.5

0.3

0.2

0.3

0.2

0.3

82.4
2.1
80.3
17.3
0.1
17.2

84.6
3.6
81.0
14.9
0.5
14.4

76.9
2.8
74.1
22.8
0.8
21.9

71.0
3.3
67.6
28.8
0.7
28.1

30.8
5.4
25.4
68.9
0.7
68.2

29.3
4.1
25.1
70.5
0.1
70.4

25.9
3.8
22.1
73.8
0.0
73.7

(1) From 2006 onwards, deficit and debt figures also include data of the Public
Corporations that have been reclassified into the General Government sector.
(2) Includes debt reduction under the private sector involvement (PSI) initiative.

Structure of General Government Debt (percent of total)


100.0

Evolution of debt as percentage of GDP


190.0

80.0

170.0

60.0
150.0
40.0
130.0
20.0
110.0

0.0
-20.0

90.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013 Q1 2013 Q2

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013Q1 2013Q2

Loans
Securities
Currency and deposits

38

39

Economic data

Economic data

9. ggregated balance sheet of Monetary Financial

Institutions (MFIs), October 2008 - 2013

Billion euro
October
2008

October
2009

Total Assets
Cash (held by credit institutions)
Claims on the Bank of Greece
Claims on the other MFIs
Claims (Loans) on non-MFIs
Domestic
General Government
Other sectors(1)
Other countries
Securities other than shares and derivatives(2)
Other assets
Fixed assets

507.4
2.2
5.6
104.4
239.2
226.3
19.6
206.7
12.9

567.0
2.1
7.9
152.8
218.6
205.9
15.3
190.6
12.8

91.1
59.8
5.1

Total Liabilities
Liabilities to the Bank of Greece
Liabilities to other MFIs
Deposits and repos of non-MFIs
Domestic
Other countries(1)
Capital and reserves
Banknotes and coins in circulation
Other liabilities

October
2010

October
2011

October
2012

October
2013

651.7
2.1
4.9
192.3
286.9
280.5
25.0
255.5

649.2
2.6
3.6
200.7
277.1
270.8
21.1
249.7

605.7
2.1
2.9
176.6
252.4
246.8
16.5
230.4

526.1
1.9
3.4
114.0
238.7
233.8
14.3
219.6

120.5
59.7
5.4

6.4
97.6
62.9
5.0

6.3
93.8
66.7
4.8

5.6
95.9
71.0
4.9

4.9
94.2
69.0
5.0

507.4
23.0
110.3
281.4
234.8
46.6
29.1
18.2
45.5

567.0
42.1
141.1
284.6
248.4
36.1
39.4
20.7
39.2

651.7
92.5
164.7
289.2
226.0
63.2
45.3
21.9
38.1

649.2
124.0
161.7
242.8
187.5
55.2
49.3
23.1
48.3

605.7
129.3
144.7
215.0
168.0
47.0
51.4
23.8
41.5

526.1
70.4
101.0
218.9
182.8
36.1
64.0
24.6
47.2

Money and credit


M3(3)
Credit to the private sector(4)(5)
Credit to General Government sector(5)

247.0
248.0
46.2

259.7
251.5
56.1

234.7
257.3
76.5

200.8
251.1
72.6

181.5
230.7
43.8

189.8
219.6
33.2

(Annual change %)(6)


3(3)
Domestic deposits
Credit to the private sector(4)(5)
Credit to General Government sector(5)

15.1
16.4
19.4
7.8

6.4
6.3
4.4
17.3

-10.1
-8.3
1.2
33.7

-14.3
-18.4
-2.2
1.9

-10.0
-11.2
-4.8
1.3

5.0
8.7
-3.9
-28.6

Source: Bank of Greece.


(1) As of June 2010, securitised assets are no longer derecognised from the Balance Sheet of banks that have adopted the International Accounting Standards. The counterpart of these assets is recorded on the liabilities side as
deposit liabilities to non-euro area residents.
(2) In August 2011 domestic credit institutions registered a reduction in the
value of their portfolio of Greek Government securities amounting to EUR
4 billion because of their participation in the securities exchange programme agreed by the EU Summit of 21st July 2011. In January 2012 credit
institutions registered a further reduction in the value of this portfolio
amounting to EUR 5.8 billion, in March 2012 a reduction of EUR 15.2 billion
and in April 2012 a reduction of EUR 4.1 billion.
(3) Greek contribution to euro area M3.
(4) Credit to domestic non-MFI residents by domestic MFIs, including securitised loans and corporate securities that have been derecognised from the
Balance Sheet.
(5) Loans to public corporations that have been reclassified (in accordance with
a decision by ELSTAT in November of 2010) from the private to the public
sector are included in credit to General Government as of December 2009.
(6) Growth rates derived from the dierences in outstanding amounts corrected for loan write-os, revaluations in security prices, exchange rate variations, reclassifications and any other changes which do not arise from
transactions.
40

41

Economic data

Economic data

10. Balance of payments,

2005 - 2012

Million euro
2005*

2006*

2007*

-14,743.5

-23,758.7

-32,602.2

-34,797.6

-25,818.7

-22,506.0

-20,633.5

-4,615.0

-27,558.9
-6,629.2

-35,286.3
-8,761.3

-41,499.2
-9,219.6

-44,048.8
-12,154.6

-30,767.3
-7,596.5

-28,279.6
-8,627.2

-27,229.1
-11,126.9

-19,619.0
-10,220.0

-20,929.7
-723.0

-26,525.0
-3,390.5

-32,279.6
-5,520.3

-31,894.3
-4,705.0

-23,170.8
-3,356.9

-19,652.4
-3,621.3

-16,102.1
-3,261.2

-9,399.1
-1,042.6

-20,206.7
14,200.9
2,257.7
1,602.2
10,341.0
41,759.8
8,886.9
2,325.2
30,547.7

-23,134.5
16,154.3
2,939.8
1,631.8
11,582.7
51,440.6
11,701.1
5,022.3
34,717.2

-26,759.3
17,445.5
3,037.3
2,275.4
12,132.8
58,944.8
12,256.9
7,795.7
38,892.2

-27,189.3
19,812.9
4,254.5
1,582.0
13,976.5
63,861.7
16,409.0
6,286.9
41,165.8

-19,813.9
15,318.0
3,063.2
771.7
11,483.1
46,085.3
10,659.8
4,128.6
31,296.9

-16,031.1
17,081.5
4,950.0
798.6
11,332.9
45,361.0
13,577.1
4,419.9
27,364.0

-12,840.9
20,230.6
6,187.7
754.7
13,288.2
47,459.6
17,314.6
4,015.9
26,129.2

-8,356.4
22,020.6
7,426.4
737.8
13,856.5
41,639.7
17,646.3
1,780.4
22,213.0

. SERVICES ( I..1 - I..2)


I.B.1 Receipts
Travel
Transportation
Other services
I.B.2 Payments
Travel
Transportation
Other services

15,391.1
27,253.5
10,729.5
13,871.4
2,652.6
11,862.4
2,445.7
6,237.7
3,179.0

15,337.1
28,364.1
11,356.7
14,324.7
2,682.7
13,027.0
2,382.8
6,991.3
3,652.9

16,591.7
31,337.3
11,319.2
16,939.3
3,078.9
14,745.6
2,485.7
7,771.3
4,488.6

17,135.6
34,066.2
11,635.9
19,188.3
3,242.0
16,930.6
2,679.1
9,316.0
4,935.5

12,640.2
26,983.3
10,400.3
13,552.2
3,030.9
14,343.2
2,424.6
7,073.4
4,845.1

13,248.5
28,477.8
9,611.3
15,418.4
3,448.1
15,229.4
2,156.0
8,155.4
4,917.9

14,629.6
28,609.2
10,504.7
14,096.6
4,007.9
13,979.6
2,266.5
7,234.4
4,478.7

15,138.9
27,526.4
10,442.5
13,287.4
3,796.5
12,387.4
1,843.9
6,328.0
4,215.5

.C INCOME (I.C.1 - I.C.2)


I.C.1 Receipts
Compensation of employees
Investment income
I.C.2 Payments
Compensation of employees
Investment income

-5,676.1
3,273.5

-7,209.4
3,528.9

-9,285.8
4,558.5

-10,643.0
5,573.2

-8,984.3
4,282.9

-7,673.8
4,009.3

-8,594.8
3,322.1

-1,566.4
3,832.2

287.1
2,986.4
8,949.6

318.1
3,210.8
10,738.3

366.9
4,191.7
13,844.3

344.7
5,228.5
16,216.2

294.6
3,988.3
13,267.2

199.7
3,809.6
11,683.1

188.0
3,134.1
11,916.9

200.8
3,631.4
5,398.6

219.8
8,729.8

280.7
10,457.6

332.6
13,511.7

410.1
15,806.1

411.9
12,855.2

377.6
11,305.5

470.0
11,447.0

468.0
4,930.7

3,100.4
6,876.4
4,615.5
2,261.0
3,776.0
2,921.4
854.6

3,399.9
6,847.4
4,462.4
2,385.0
3,447.5
2,472.7
974.8

1,591.1
6,608.1
4,361.2
2,246.9
5,017.0
3,825.4
1,191.6

2,758.6
6,882.7
4,678.8
2,203.9
4,124.1
2,717.6
1,406.4

1,292.6
5,380.7
3,527.9
1,852.8
4,088.1
2,679.6
1,408.5

198.9
4,654.3
3,188.5
1,465.8
4,455.4
2,860.4
1,595.0

560.8
4,435.0
3,254.9
1,180.1
3,874.2
2,485.4
1,388.8

1,431.5
5,125.6
4,060.2
1,065.4
3,694.1
2,647.9
1,046.2

2,048.6
2,324.9
2,137.1
187.8
276.3
22.9
253.4

3,041.3
3,310.7
3,116.5
194.2
269.5
32.2
237.3

4,332.3
4,673.9
4,401.4
272.4
341.6
27.1
314.5

4,090.8
4,637.8
4,241.9
395.9
547.0
192.0
354.9

2,017.4
2,328.1
2,133.2
194.9
310.7
14.4
296.3

2,071.5
2,356.2
2,239.3
116.9
284.7
15.8
268.9

2,671.8
2,932.7
2,798.5
134.2
260.8
12.7
248.1

2,327.6
2,564.6
2,486.0
78.6
237.1
13.7
223.3

CURRENT ACCOUNT (I.A +


I.B + I.C + .D)

GOODS ( I..1 - I..2)


OIL balance
TRADE BALANCE excluding
oil
Ships' Balance
TRADE BALANCE excluding
oil and ships
I.A.1 Exports
Oil
Ships
Other goods
I.A.2 Imports
Oil
Ships
Other goods

.A

CURRENT
TRANSFERS
(I.D.1 - I.D.2)
I.D.1 Receipts
General Government
Other sectors
I.D.2 Payments
General Government
Other sectors

2008*

2009*

2010*

2011*

2012*

.D

II
.1

.2

42

CAPITAL TRANSFERS (II.1 II.2)


Receipts
General Government
Other sectors
Payments
General Government
Other sectors

43

Economic data

Economic data

10. Balance of payments,

2005 - 2012 (continued)

Million euro
2005*

2006*

2007*

CURRENT ACCOUNT AND


CAPITAL TRANSFERS (I + II)

-12,694.9

-20,717.4

-28,269.9

-30,706.8

-23,801.3

-20,434.5

-17,961.7

-2,287.5

FINANCIAL ACCOUNT (1)


(V. + V. + V.C + V.D)

12,606.6

20,454.3

27,570.2

29,914.2

24,395.4

20,853.9

17,838.1

2,658.2

-679.0
-1,180.4
501.3

1,044.4
-3,224.4
4,268.8

-2,290.2
-3,832.9
1,542.7

1,420.7
-1,650.4
3,071.1

274.5
-1,479.3
1,753.8

-927.0
-1,176.2
249.2

-452.6
-1,274.9
822.3

827.1
-527.3
1,354.3

IV.B PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT(1)


Assets
Liabilities

7,322.6
-18,459.7
25,782.3

8,115.4
-6,961.2
15,076.6

17,441.7
-16,351.1
33,792.8

16,428.0
-268.9
16,696.9

22,663.8
-8,973.0
31,636.8

-20,855.0
13,278.7
-34,133.6

-19,778.3
4,139.0
-23,917.3

-99,903.9
-58,086.1
-41,817.8

V.C OTHER INVESTMENT(1)


Assets
Liabilities
(Loans of General Goverment)

5,914.0
-6,301.5
12,215.5

11,518.5
-5,851.0
17,369.5

12,740.6
-16,266.1
29,006.8

12,094.6
-27,823.3
39,917.8

1,563.1
-23,875.7
25,438.8

42,538.8
7,658.7
34,880.2

38,050.0
7,638.7
30,411.3

101,744.1
13,863.4
87,880.7

-447.0

-447.7

-2,341.7

-572.7

2,865.0

29,978.2

39,873.9

109,093.9

V.D CHANGE IN RESERVE ASSETS(2)

49.0

-224.0

-322.0

-29.0

-106.0

97.0

19.0

-9.0

88.3

263.1

699.7

792.6

-594.1

-419.4

123.6

-370.8

1,945

2,169

2,491

2,521

3,857

4,777

5,332

5,500

III

IV

IV.A DIRECT INVESTMENT(1)


Abroad
Home

BALANCING ITEM ( + +
IV + V = 0 )

RESERVE ASSETS (STOCK)(3)

2008*

2009*

2010*

2011*

2012*

Source: Bank of Greece


* = Provisional data.
(1) ( + ) net inflow ( - ) net outflow
(2) ( + ) decrease ( - ) increase
(3) Reserve assets, as defined by the ECB, only include monetary gold, the reserve position at the IMF, Special Drawing Rights, and the Bank of Greece's
claims in foreign currency on residents of countries outside the euro area.
Conversely, reserve assets do not include claims in euro on residents of
countries outside the euro area, claims in foreign currency and in euro on
residents of euro area countries, and the Bank of Greece's participation in
the capital and the reserve assets of the ECB.

44

45

Economic data

Economic data

11. Consumer price index, harmonized index of consumer


rates and core inflation,

prices, harmonized index of consumer prices at constant tax


2012 and 2013 (Nov.)

Changes (%)
Year
and
month

Annual rates
%

Monthly rates of change


%
CPI

HICP

HICP-CT

Core

CPI

HICP

Annual average rates of change


%

of change
HICP-CT

Core

CPI

HICP

HICP-CT

Core

2012: 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

-0.8
-1.5
2.8
0.8
-0.3
-0.3
-1.4
-1.0
2.5
0.8
-0.5
-0.3

-1.1
-1.7
2.9
0.8
-0.3
-0.2
-1.4
-1.2
2.5
0.7
-0.3
-0.3

-1.1
-1.7
2.9
0.8
-0.4
-0.2
-1.4
-1.2
2.5
0.0
-0.3
-0.3

-2.1
-2.7
3.9
1.0
-0.1
0.0
-2.1
-2.2
3.8
0.0
-0.2
-0.3

2.3
2.1
1.7
1.9
1.4
1.3
1.3
1.7
0.9
1.6
1.0
0.8

2.1
1.7
1.4
1.5
0.9
1.0
0.9
1.2
0.3
0.9
0.4
0.3

1.1
0.7
0.3
0.4
-0.2
-0.1
-0.2
0.0
0.1
0.2
-0.3
-0.4

0.4
0.0
-0.2
0.3
0.1
0.0
0.0
-0.2
-0.9
-0.9
-1.2
-1.2

3.1
2.9
2.7
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.1
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.5

2.9
2.7
2.4
2.3
2.1
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0

1.2
1.3
1.2
1.1
1.0
0.9
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.2
0.1

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.1
0.0
-0.2
-0.3

2013: 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

-1.4
-1.6
2.5
0.5
-0.2
-0.2
-1.7
-1.6
2.6
-0.1
-1.4

-1.4
-1.6
2.5
0.5
0.0
-0.2
-1.6
-1.7
2.5
-0.2
-1.3

-1.4
-1.6
2.5
0.5
0.0
-0.2
-1.6
-0.7
2.4
-0.2
-1.3

-2.8
-2.9
3.9
1.0
-0.3
-0.4
-2.3
-2.7
4.3
0.1
-1.7

0.2
0.1
-0.2
-0.6
-0.4
-0.4
-0.7
-1.3
-1.1
-2.0
-2.9

0.0
0.1
-0.2
-0.6
-0.3
-0.3
-0.5
-1.0
-1.0
-1.9
-2.9

-0.7
-0.6
-1.0
-1.3
-1.0
-1.0
-1.2
-0.7
-0.8
-1.0
-1.9

-1.9
-2.2
-2.2
-2.2
-2.4
-2.8
-3.0
-3.5
-3.1
-2.9
-4.4

1.3
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.5
0.3
0.1
-0.1
-0.4
-0.7

0.9
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
-0.1
-0.2
-0.4
-0.7

0.0
-0.1
-0.2
-0.4
-0.4
-0.5
-0.6
-0.7
-0.7
-0.8
-0.9

-0.5
-0.7
-0.9
-1.1
-1.3
-1.5
-1.8
-2.1
-2.2
-2.4
-2.7

Annual rates of change (%)


5.0
5
3
3.0
1
1.0
-1.0
-1
-3.0
-3
-5.0
-5
2012

46

2013
CPI

HICP

HICP-CT

Core

47

Economic data

Economic data

12. Annual average sub-indices of the CPI groups


of items, 2009 - 2012
2009=100.0
Groups of goods
and services
Overall index
Food and non-alcoholic
beverages
Alcoholic beverages and
tobacco
Clothing and footwear
Housing
Durable
household
goods, supplies and
services
Health
Transport
Communication
Recreation and culture
Education
Hotels, cafs and restaurants
Other goods and services

13. EU: HICP. Annual average rate of change, 2008 - 2012


%
Countries

Weights

2009

1,000.00

100.00

104.71

108.20

109.82

171.22

100.00

100.06

103.18

104.73

34.80
86.40
115.88

100.00
100.00
100.00

114.76
101.68
106.93

123.53
101.13
116.45

124.38
102.40
125.62

73.63
70.73
132. 39
45.56
47.77
30.41

100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00

101.30
101.49
116.21
102.95
100.89
102.02

102.47
100.92
123.53
104.63
100.89
101.88

100.50
99.16
126.93
102.87
99.30
99.95

114.09
77.11

100.00
100.00

102.91
104.50

104.98
107.68

106.68
107.63

2010

2011

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2012
Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

3.2
4.5
3.2
2.8
4.2
10.6
3.1
4.1
3.5
4.4
4.1
4.7
2.2
2.7
3.9
5.5
3.9

0.4
0.0
0.1
0.2
1.3
0.2
-1.7
-0.2
0.8
0.2
0.0
1.8
1.0
-0.9
0.9
0.9
1.6

1.7
2.3
1.7
1.2
4.7
2.7
-1.6
2.0
1.6
2.6
2.8
2.0
0.9
1.4
0.7
2.1
1.7

3.6
3.4
2.3
2.5
3.1
5.1
1.2
3.1
2.9
3.5
3.7
2.5
2.5
3.6
4.1
2.1
3.3

2.6
2.6
2.2
2.1
1.0
4.2
1.9
2.4
3.3
3.1
2.9
3.2
2.8
2.8
3.7
2.8
3.2

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

12.0
3.6
3.6
(1)5.8
15.3
11.1
6.0
4.2
7.9
3.3
6.3

2.5
1.1
2.2
(1)2.2
3.3
4.2
4.0
4.0
5.6
1.9
0.6

3.0
2.2
3.3
(1)1.1
-1.2
1.2
4.7
2.7
6.1
1.9
1.2

3.4
2.7
4.5
(1)2.2
4.2
4.1
3.9
3.9
5.8
1.4
2.1

2.4
2.4
2.8
(1)3.4
2.3
3.2
5.7
3.7
3.4
0.9
3.5

Source: Eurostat.
(1) Definition diers.

Euro area countries: HICP - Annual average rate of change, 2012


5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
EE SK IT MT FI CY LU NE PT SL AT BE ES FR DE IE EL

48

49

Economic data

Economic data

14. EU: Gross domestic product per capita in purchasing


power standards, 2008 - 2012
Countries

2008

2009

2010

2011

15. EU: General Government deficit/surplus as % of GDP,


2008 - 2012

2012

Countries

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

125
116
107
116
93
69
132
104
104
100
264
81
134
78
73
91
119

126
118
109
115
94
64
129
103
104
100
253
84
132
80
73
86
115

127
121
109
120
88
64
129
99
103
97
263
87
130
80
74
84
114

129
120
109
123
80
69
129
96
102
94
266
86
129
77
75
84
116

130
120
109
123
75
71
129
96
101
92
263
86
128
76
76
84
115

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

-0.9
-1.0
-3.3
-0.1
-9.8
-2.9
-7.4
-4.5
-2.7
0.9
3.2
-4.6
0.5
-3.6
-2.1
-1.9
4.4

-4.1
-5.6
-7.5
-3.1
-15.7
-2.0
-13.7
-11.1
-5.5
-6.1
-0.7
-3.7
-5.6
-10.2
-8.0
-6.3
-2.5

-4.5
-3.7
-7.1
-4.2
-10.7
0.2
-30.6
-9.6
-4.5
-5.3
-0.8
-3.5
-5.1
-9.8
-7.7
-5.9
-2.5

-2.5
-3.7
-5.3
-0.8
-9.5
1.1
-13.1
-9.6
-3.8
-6.3
0.1
-2.8
-4.3
-4.3
-5.1
-6.3
-0.7

-2.5
-4.0
-4.8
0.1
-9.0
-0.2
-8.2
-10.6
-3.0
-6.4
-0.6
-3.3
-4.1
-6.4
-4.5
-3.8
-1.8

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

44
125
114
63
59
64
64
56
47
124
81

44
124
112
62
54
58
65
61
47
120
83

44
128
108
59
55
62
66
63
48
124
81

47
126
105
61
60
68
67
65
48
125
81

47
126
106
62
64
72
67
67
50
126
81

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

1.7
3.2
-5.0

-4.2
-3.3
-3.7
-3.7
-5.7
2.2
-2.2

-4.3
-2.7
-11.4
-5.3
-9.8
-9.4
-4.6
-7.5
-9.0
-0.7
-5.8

-3.1
-2.5
-10.1
-6.4
-8.1
-7.2
-4.3
-7.9
-6.8
0.3
-4.7

-2.0
-1.8
-7.7
-7.8
-3.6
-5.5
4.3
-5.0
-5.6
0.2
-3.2

-0.8
-4.1
-6.1
-5.0
-1.3
-3.2
-2.0
-3.9
-3.0
-0.2
-4.4

Source: Eurostat.

Source: Eurostat.
... = No data available.

Euro area countries: General Government


deficit/surplus as % of GDP, 2012
1.0
0.0
-1.0
-2.0
-3.0
-4.0
-5.0
-6.0
-7.0
-8.0
-9.0
-10.0
-11.0
DE EE LU FI AT IT MT SL BE NE SK FR CY PT IE EL ES

50

51

Economic data

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

16. EU: General Government gross debt as % of GDP,


2008 - 2012
Countries
Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)
Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

63.8
89.2
68.2
66.8
112.9
4.5
44.2
40.2
106.1
48.9
14.4
60.9
58.5
71.7
27.9
22.0
33.9

69.2
95.7
79.2
74.5
129.7
7.1
64.4
54.0
116.4
58.5
15.5
66.5
60.8
83.7
35.6
35.2
43.5

72.3
95.7
82.4
82.5
148.3
6.7
91.2
61.7
119.3
61.3
19.5
66.8
63.4
94.0
41.0
38.7
48.7

72.8
98.0
85.8
80.0
170.3
6.1
104.1
70.5
120.7
71.5
18.7
69.5
65.7
108.2
43.4
47.1
49.2

74.0
99.8
90.2
81.0
156.9
9.8
117.4
86.0
127.0
86.6
21.7
71.3
71.3
124.1
52.4
54.4
53.6

13.7
33.4
51.9

19.8
15.5
73.0
47.1
13.4
38.8
28.7

14.6
40.7
67.1
36.6
36.9
29.3
79.8
50.9
23.6
42.6
34.6

16.2
42.7
78.4
44.9
44.4
37.8
82.2
54.9
30.5
39.4
38.4

16.3
46.4
84.3
51.6
41.9
38.3
82.1
56.2
34.7
38.6
41.4

18.5
45.4
88.7
55.5
40.6
40.5
79.8
55.6
37.9
38.2
46.2

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

Source: Eurostat.

Euro area countries: General Government gross


debt as % of GDP, 2012
165.0

125.0

85.0

45.0

5.0
EL IT PT IE BE FR CY ES DE AT MT NE SL FI SK LU EE

52

53

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

1. Holdings and utilized agricultural area, 2009


2009 Agricultural - livestock census
Area: thousand stremmas(1)
Holdings
Region
Total
Greece, total
Anatoliki Makedonia,
Thraki
Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

With utilized
agricultural area

Utilized
agricultural
area

723,007

716,823

34,779

53,160
101,200
24,230
63,511
33,524
29,041
88,391
70,457
94,149
23,375
30,265
21,486
90,218

51,964
99,890
23,758
62,166
33,129
29,029
87,995
70,011
93,943
23,154
30,233
21,383
90,168

3,468
6,417
2,228
3,922
1,041
770
2,984
3,346
3,382
470
1,649
992
4,111

(1) 1 stremma = 1,000 m2.

54

55

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

2. Distribution of the utilized agricultural area of the holdings,


2009 Agricultural -

by basic categories of land use and by region, 2009


livestock census

Area: thousand stremmas(1)


Vines (grapes and
raisins)

Annual crops(2)
Region
Holdings
Greece, total
Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki
Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

Holdings

Area

Area

Areas under trees


Holdings

Area

Other areas(3)
Holdings

Area

291,354

16,169

131,753

863

520,813

8,613

263,546

9,134

41,656
69,784
19,748
42,619
13,966
9,005
28,405
25,976
12,608
2,924
4,595
7,345
12,723

2,859
4,759
1,628
2,971
306
61
1,106
1,495
350
98
150
226
161

4,680
7,000
5,637
7,946
3,281
9,515
15,438
11,456
17,925
5,879
5,670
6,234
31,092

41
53
22
42
7
35
134
57
212
50
24
31
156

14,499
49,003
4,556
25,483
21,731
28,294
75,910
57,726
89,855
21,043
27,383
17,829
87,501

160
862
60
429
281
346
982
818
2,142
249
583
172
1,528

25,797
28,997
12,498
26,133
18,269
14,720
34,878
25,538
24,055
3,003
10,183
8,978
30,497

408
743
517
480
447
328
762
976
678
73
892
563
2,266

(1) 1 stremma = 1,000 m2.


(2) Fallow land is not included.
(3) Not included: family vegetable gardens, permanent meadows and pastures, rocky land, nurseries, other perrenial cultivations and fallow land.

Percentage distribution of the utilized agricultural area


of the holdings, by basic categories of land use
Vines
2.5
Other areas
26.3

Annual crops
46.5

Areas under trees


24.8

56

57

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

3. Holdings with irrigable and


2009 Agricultural -

irrigated area, by region, 2009


livestock census

Area: thousand stremmas(1)


Holdings with irrigable area

Holdings
Holdings with
utilized
agricultural
area

Region
Total

Greece, total
Anatoliki Makedonia,
Thraki
Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

Utilized
agricultural
area

Holdings

Total utilized
agricultural area

Irrigable

Irrigated

723,007

716,823

34,779

484,607

25,570

13,106

10,386

53,160
101,200
24,230
63,511
33,524
29,041
88,391
70,457
94,149
23,375
30,265
21,486
90,218

51,964
99,890
23,758
62,166
33,129
29,029
87,995
70,011
93,943
23,154
30,233
21,383
90,168

3,468
6,417
2,228
3,922
1,041
770
2,984
3,346
3,382
470
1,649
992
4,111

44,155
76,308
14,991
49,837
25,290
15,699
57,931
37,943
57,731
11,454
11,644
12,094
69,530

3,124
4,770
1,491
3,356
817
401
2,243
2,325
2,350
247
750
590
3,106

1,924
3,103
488
2,428
379
34
1,152
1,173
1,039
141
72
88
1,087

1,480
2,574
360
1,681
331
27
977
942
928
93
58
63
872

(1) 1 stremma = 1,000 m2.

Total holdings and holdings with irrigable area


105,000
90,000
75,000
60,000
45,000
30,000
15,000

Kriti

Notio Aigaio

Voreio Aigaio

Attiki

Peloponnisos

Dytiki Ellada

Sterea Ellada

Ionia Nisia

Ipeiros

Thessalia

Dytiki Makedonia

Kentriki Makedonia

Anatoliki Madedonia,
Thraki

0,000

Total holdings
Holdings with irrigable area

58

59

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

4. Livestock holdings and


2009 Agricultural Bovine animals
Region

Sheep

Pigs

Goats

Number of
animals

Holdings

Number of
animals

16,679

648,067

91,933

9,156,821

71,585

4,213,230

19,332

947,222

3,373
3,140
1,369
1,549
1,103
407
1,742
723
903
105
707
1,349
209

107,067
186,766
40,230
110,765
61,368
5,523
59,097
27,727
17,005
4,290
8,755
17,071
2,403

4,220
5,422
2,889
9,389
9,833
2,490
17,974
9,167
8,199
980
4,469
3,698
13,203

626,511
892,252
401,100
1,197,334
804,998
123,701
1,478,768
548,114
508,093
80,156
428,044
190,000
1,877,750

2,877
4,195
2,271
4,931
5,312
2,962
11,539
7,594
8,205
732
4,010
4,678
12,279

426,058
521,640
163,949
413,212
198,280
120,468
476,411
371,862
517,085
39,517
105,750
226,451
632,547

1,152
1,514
1,714
1,901
571
553
3,912
1,579
1,278
136
1,403
1,837
1,782

81,681
140,730
22,209
211,450
108,429
4,259
121,810
100,039
78,321
6,499
8,306
16,751
46,738

Anatoliki Makedonia,
Thraki
Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

5. Persons employed in agricultural holdings, by


2009 Agricultural Region

60

number of animals by region, 2009


livestock census

Holdings
Greece, total

Managers of
holdings owned by
legal entities

Number of employed
persons in holdings
owned by natural
persons

Number of
animals

Holdings

Number of
animals

Holdings

category, and days of work of seasonal workers, 2009


livestock census
Pemanent
workers

Seasonal workers
Total

Days of work

Greece, total

605

1,191,008

26,207

1,036,524

14,658,407

Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki


Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

76
132
25
46
45
14
20
49
50
70
17
22
39

94,865
166,477
40,886
104,583
52,606
45,983
140,808
115,630
156,784
39,334
47,785
36,286
148,981

2,104
6,419
1,366
2,727
1,240
589
1,602
1,748
2,514
3,066
317
301
2,214

69,256
134,228
11,708
71,198
31,397
20,129
178,624
117,257
193,098
34,413
24,961
7,950
142,305

937,574
2,861,506
274,216
1,027,491
339,276
332,074
2,447,008
1,197,580
2,594,793
366,125
386,099
100,462
1,794,203

61

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

6. Agricultural areas and production, 1991, 2001 and


2007 - 2009
1991

2001

2007

2008

Total
Crops on arable
land
Vegetables
Vines (grapes and
raisins)
Areas under trees

35,343

34,656

32,331

32,474

32,350

23,344
1,236

22,190
1,163

19,929
1,057

20,055
1,038

19,829
1,048

1,517
9,246

1,321
9,982

1,248
10,097

1,239
10,142

1,226
10,247

2. Production of
selected agricultural products
(thous.
tonnes)
Wheat
Cotton
Tobacco
Must
Olive oil
Oranges
Lemons
Mandarins

8. Sea fishery, 2007 - 2011


2007

2009

1. Areas under
crops (thous.
stremmas)(1)

2008

2009

2010

2011

Motor propelled fishing vessels (20


6,342
6,215
6,174
6,187
5,737
HP and over)
Quantity of catch
94
84
82
70
63
(thous. tonnes)
Value (thous. euro) 335,258.30 298,232.90 292,602.10 289,619.70 259,189.80

9. Quantity of catch by main species, 2007 - 2011


Metric tonnes
3,162
594
173
466
198
805
177
83

2,196
1,355
142
421
435
1,112
179
130

1,628
1,041
29
350
318
816
86
119

2,074
897
29
362
328
828
84
107

2,140
816
27
362
305
956
75
130

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Total

93,639

83,821

81,821

70,089

62,847

Fish
Cephalopods
Crustaceans
Shellfish

78,927
7,839
5,682
1,192

72,356
6,203
4,467
794

70,065
6,293
4,234
1,230

59,635
5,337
4,171
947

52,529
5,407
4,508
403

2010

2011*

Source: Annual Statistical Agricultural Survey.


(1) 1 stremma = 1,000 m2.

7. Animal capital and production, 1991, 2001 and


2007 - 2009
1991

2001

2007

2008

10. Aquaculture, 2007 - 2011


2009
2007

1. Animal capital
(thous. heads)
Cattle
Pigs
Sheep
Goats
Beehives
sands)

602
986
8,692
5,336

621
934
9,124
5,662

624
892
8,896
5,346

627
880
8,889
5,275

629
862
8,931
5,180

1,196

1,294

1,343

1,374

1,386

501
1,805
38
117
14

462
2,032
36
126
15

450
2,043
40
121
15

443
2,054
38
123
14

438
2,050
38
122
16

2008

2009

Quantity of catch
(thous. tonnes)
113.2
114.9
122.0
121.0
111.0
Value (thous. euro) 390,276.2 370,597.3 395,935.9 444,724.2 470,826.4
* = Provisional data.

(thou-

2. Animal production (thous.


tonnes)
Meat
Milk
Cheese, hard
Cheese, soft
Honey

62

63

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

Agriculture, livestock, fishing

11. EU: Livestock production

production of meat(1), 2010 - 2012

Thousand tonnes
Cattle

Sheep and

goats

Pigs

Poultry

Countries
2010

2010

2011

Euro area
Austria (AT)
221,118
224,790 (2)220,659
Belgium (BE)
263,142
272,286
262,280
*1,521,166 *1,559,350 *1,477,174
France (FR)
1,186,722 1,159,000 1,140,000
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
58,028
59,231
56,161
Estonia (EE)
8,956
7,617
7,243
Ireland (IE)
559,000
546,761
495,402
Spain (ES)
606,591 *604,113 *596,897
Italy (IT)
1,075,410 1,009,212
981,066
Cyprus (CY)
4,482
4,816
5,315
Luxembourg (LU)
9,553
8,880
8,472
Malta (MT)
1,420
1,115
1,109
Netherlands (NE)
*388,610
381,558 *373,558
Portugal (PT)
93,664
95,999
92,988
Slovakia (SK)
13,609
11,281
9,758
Slovenia (SL)
35,772
35,571
33,087
Finland (FI)
82,132
82,654
80,368

8,029
2,715
*90,060
20,231
107,051
0,086
47,796
141,849
37,256
4,843
038
077
*14,528
11,207
721
115
718

8,346
2,438
*92,683
22,000
104,760

48,121
141,730
33,728
4,929
0,041
0,075
14,732
10,954
526
118
890

8,370 542,131 543,771 529,759

2,163 1,123,769 1,108,255 1,109,610 404,343 402,753 410,215


*89,327 *2,010,326 *1,998,317 *1,957,359 *1,712,000 *1,733,000 *1,709,000
22,000 5,443,170 5,598,000 5,459,000 1,379,562 1,425,000 1,428,000
99,365 113,717 115,121 114,632 178,000 175,233 181,649
124
31,930
30,961

53,734 214,129 233,708 241,493

*133,090 3,368,921 3,469,345 *3,515,446 1,349,428 1,373,605 *1,382,652


32,171 1,632,715 1,570,225 1,620,719 1,179,874 1,219,882 1,258,582
5,734
57,059
55,213
51,723
27,706
27,400
25,298
0,038
9,509
9,504
10,347

0,095
7,510
7,262
5,665
4,398
4,155
4,252
*14,630 *1,288,274 1,347,165 *1,313,726

10,633 384,201 383,750 362,342 296,347 292,106 292,164


0,561
68,599
56,908
54,157

0,113
24,902
22,954
21,034
61,430
58,284
58,661
0,882 203,068 201,755 192,820
96,330 101,508 107,409

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

1,700
283,141
0,814
*173
92
197
*1,081

4,996
149

1,500
289,322

*0,217
97
162
608

5,076
161

37,346
48,222
48,838
96,018
98,448
99,088
1,600 1,666,300 1, 718,400 1,603,000 184,300 186,300 151,500
276,055 772,346 805,679 824,637 1,567,717 1,557,522 1,607,938

88,500
88,200
85,600
60,200
60,800
61,300
*344 *23,327 *23,451 *23,990 *23,394 *22,808 *24,491
99
54,814
58,888
58,860
71,931
75,631
81,755
231 416,146 387,304 345,931 359,994 383,491 412,203
700 *1,741,425 1,810,778 1,695,200 *1,342,317 1,384,837 1,548,800
234,195 263,329 282,094 *287,470 293,858 312,726
5,038 263,478 256,085 232,971 120,045 120,088 116,305
169 275,905 262,944 239,752 188,177 170,084 152,613

131,200
924,473
55,405
*17,610
42,649
27,091
*385,981
28,315
148,339
74,258

2011

133,000
935,517
53,750
*17,131
41,079
25,979
379,929
29,067
147,779
72,124

2012

5,319
125,300
882,562
46,778
*16,372
39,947
24,713
371,000
28,819
135,254
65,714

2012

2010

2011

2012

2010

2011

2012

Source: Eurostat.
... = No data available.
= Magnitude nil or less than half of the final digit shown.
* = Provisional data.
(1) The data refer to the total carcass weight of bovine animals and pigs slaughtered in slaughterhouses or on the farm, of sheep (including lambs) and
goats slaughtered in slaughterhouses or elsewhere, as well as the total carcass weight of poultry slaughtered, whose meat is declared fit for human
consumption.
(2) Estimates.

64

65

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

66

67

Manufacturing

1. Structural data on the enterprises of


the manufacturing sector, 2008 - 2010
Amounts: million euro

Number of enterprises
Total persons employed
Wages and salaries
Remuneration of persons employed
Gross production value
Total consumption(1)
Value added
Sales of produced products
Total capital formation
Labour cost

2008

2009

2010

84,103
431,306
325,953
6,604
57,913
39,863
18,050
53,498
3,510
8,533

83,565
400,934
318,100
6,921
48,601
30,371
18,230
44,943
3,131
8,903

79,338
379,269
301,699
6,644
52,081
34,970
17,111
47,650
2,810
8,548

(1) Total consumption includes the consumption of raw and auxiliary materials, costs of water supply, fuels and remunerations to third parties for the
products' elaboration.

Total consumption and sales of produced products, 2010


60,000

50,000

40,000

30,000

20,000
2008

2009

2010

Total consumption
Sales of produced products

68

69

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

2. Industrial production index, 2010 - 2012

3. Electricity, 2007 - 2010

(2005=100.0)

2010
Overall index
Mining and quarrying
Manufacturing
Food
Beverages
Tobacco products
extiles
Wearing apparel
Leather and related products
Wood and cork
Paper and paper products
Printing and recording services
Coke and refined petroleum products
Chemicals and chemical products
Basic pharmaceutical preparations
Rubber and plastic products
Other non-metallic mineral products
Basic metals
Fabricated metal products
Computers, electronic and optical products
Electrical equipment
Machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers
Other transport equipment
Furniture
Other manufactured goods
Repair and installation services of machinery and equipment
Electricity
Water supply

2011

2007

2012

84.4
76.2
83.8
96.7
96.3
74.6
41.9
48.3
50.0
60.4
94.1
75.7
110.8
84.7
153.5
85.4
59.4
92.6
79.7

77.9
76.7
76.6
95.8
87.4
82.4
32.7
36.1
42.2
75.5
85.7
57.2
94.7
81.0
152.9
78.8
38.2
98.5
76.2

75.2
77.2
73.4
92.5
80.1
75.1
26.2
33.6
28.8
53.2
76.4
45.3
117.7
71.1
145.0
71.5
32.2
92.4
68.3

30.6
79.1
64.9
71.6
54.8
62.9
64.5

23.4
70.4
59.7
49.8
37.0
49.0
55.9

21.8
66.1
52.9
42.9
21.5
34.3
48.8

58.0
86.0
103.7

57.2
78.4
102.0

48.9
76.0
103.0

Installed capacity (thous. kw)


Thermal
Hydroelectric
Production (million kwh)
Consumption (million kwh)

2008

12,759
9,660
3,061
53,881
54,984

2009

12,843
9,742
3,018
52,376
55,902

2010

12,815
9,703
3,018
50,135
53,192

12,782
9,670
3,018
45,532
51,720

4. Mining: Number of enterprises, remunerated employment


and gross production value, 2010
Amounts: thousand euro
Number
Annual
Number
Gross proof remune- labour
of enterduction
rated em- remuneraprises
value(1)
ployees
tion
Total(2)
Mining of lignte
Extraction of crude petroleum
Support activities for petroleum and natural gas extraction
Mining of other non-ferrous
ores
Quarrying ornamental and
building stone, limestone,
gypsum, chalk and slate
Operation of gravel and sand
pits; mining of clays and
kaolin
Mining of chemical
and fertilizer minerals
Other mining and quarrying
n.e.c.
Extraction of salt

}
}

462

5,470

148,231

856,433

511

18,137

140,900

348

10,246

71,141

283

1,382

29,224

126,287

161

2,794

78,079

466,149

435

12,545

51,956

... = No data available.


(1) Gross production value of each branch includes value of crude products
not disposed for further processing or concentration, as well as value of
products obtained through a secondary activity of the branch.
(2) Due to inadequate data available, emery mines are not included.

70

71

Manufacturing

Construction

5. U:Total production of primary energy(1), 2008 - 2011


1,000 tonnes of oil equivalent
Countries

2008

2009

2010

2011

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

11,228
13,851
135,186
135,184
9,869
4,226
1,552
30,192
27,36
81
128
0
66,748
4,486
6,165
3,655
16,292

11,541
14,554
127,723
127,513
10,087
4,158
1,521
29,927
27,285
84
114
0
63,245
4,941
5,713
3,65
16,442

12,163
15,115
134,193
131,505
9,457
4,930
1,931
33,870
30,169
89,000
123,000
4,000
69,966
5,581
5,974
3,713
17,272

11,501
17,648
134,917
124,411
9,615
5,038
1,789
31,624
31,866
96,000
116,000
1,000
64,535
5,304
6,171
0,748
16,998

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

10,184
26,634
165,345
3,95
1,789
3,800
10,455
70,987
29,169
32,785
32,773

9,719
23,967
157,353
4,065
2,097
4,148
10,965
67,213
28,507
29,937
31,142

10,482
23,294
147,440
4,216
2,114
1,310
10,997
67,106
27,705
33,078
31,523

12,256
21,017
128,552
3,787
2,075
1,290
10,719
68,083
27,783
32,082
31,956

Construction

S o u r c e : Eurostat.
(1) Any kind of extraction of energy products from natural sources to a usable
form is called primary production. Primary production takes place when the
natural sources are exploited, for example in coal mines, crude oil fields,
hydro power plants or fabrication of biofuels. Transformation of energy from
one form to another, like electricity or heat generation in thermal power
plants or coke production in coke ovens is not primary production.

72

73

Construction

Construction

1. Public and private building

activity, 2010 - 2012


Surface
(thous. m2)

Number of permits
Region
2011

2010

2012

2010

2011

Volume
(thous. m3)
2012

2010

2011

2012

Greece, total

51,355

36,279

23,010

10,497.2

6,210.8

4,333.5

37,528.4

23,206.3

16,321.6

Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki


Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

2,694
6,708
885
3,075
1,867
2,044
4,452
3,905
4,621
13,200
1,336
3,283
3,285

1,774
5,060
646
2,098
1,138
1,665
2,800
2,845
3,210
9,823
1,167
2,157
1,896

1,152
3,263
446
1,347
831
863
1,972
1,682
2,415
5,183
759
1,680
1,417

535.7
1,802.2
227.6
700.7
476.7
336.4
771.9
818.8
904.1
2,271.1
165.0
604.1
882.9

326.4
927.2
138.2
412.9
226.0
254.4
453.2
500.8
597.8
1,337.5
152.7
423.6
460.1

196.0
768.9
117.6
243.0
149.3
159.8
324.2
292.6
404.3
928.2
105.4
309.6
334.6

1,962.3
6,762.5
833.3
2,490.7
1,696.3
1,156.8
2,669.5
2,911.8
3,185.2
8,095.2
545.8
1,950.2
3,268.8

1,152.8
3,653.2
535.0
1,525.3
819.9
833.7
1,625.2
2,117.1
2,168.2
5,445.7
519.8
1,297.8
1,512.6

723.8
3,332.4
429.9
868.8
497.8
540.5
1,211.7
1,242.8
1,477.8
3,292.5
410.3
1,147.0
1,146.3

2. Price indices of work categories and construction cost indices


for new residential buildings, 2008 - 2012
2010=100.0
2008
Price Index of work categories
Construction cost index
Material cost index
Labour cost index

74

99.9
98.5
97.8
99.7

2009
99.7
98.2
97.0
100.0

2010
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2011
99.9
101.0
102.5
98.9

2012
99.4
101.0
103.1
97.8

75

Construction

Construction

3. Evolution of the Production Index


Production Index
in Construction

in Construction 2009 - 2013 (Q3)(1)


Production Index
of Building Construction

Production Index
of Civil Engineering

Year and quarter


Annual change
%

Index

1st quarter
2nd

3rd

4th quarter

Index

Annual change
%

Index

Annual change
%

89.32
112.21
100.09
119.50

-13.1
-13.0
-20.9
-21.6

69.02
77.38
65.23
78.78

-19.6
-25.4
-25.3
-25.4

111.23
149.80
137.73
163.45

-8.1
-4.1
-18.4
-19.5

105.28

-17.5

72.60

-24.1

140.55

-13.4

68.82
77.48
62.01
89.92

-22.9
-31.0
-38.0
-24.7

52.40
49.86
30.22
42.58

-24.1
-35.6
-53.7
-46.0

86.55
107.29
96.33
141.03

-22.2
-28.4
-30.1
-13.7

Annual mean

74.56

-29.2

43.77

-39.7

107.80

-23.3

2011:

41.45
50.69
63.89
58.26

-39.8
-34.6
3.0
-35.2

24.39
24.31
24.76
28.79

-53.5
-51.2
-18.1
-32.4

59.87
79.16
106.13
90.07

-30.8
-26.2
10.2
-36.1

Annual mean

53.57

-28.1

25.56

-41.6

83.81

-22.3

2012:

36.88
35.72
38.60
47.22

-11.0
-29.5
-39.6
-19.0

15.75
17.99
18.44
17.17

-35.4
-26.0
-25.5
-40.4

59.69
54.85
60.35
79.65

-0.3
-30.7
-43.1
-11.6

Annual mean

39.60

-26.1

17.34

-32.2

63.64

-24.1

2013:

25.33
42.80
35.40

-31.3
19.8
-8.3

11.77
15.26
18.37

-25.3
-15.2
-0.4

39.95
72.52
53.78

-33.1
32.2
-10.9

2009:

Annual mean
2010:

1st quarter
2nd

3rd

4th quarter

1st quarter
2nd

3rd

4th quarter

1st quarter
2nd

3rd

4th quarter

1st quarter
2nd

3rd quarter*

* = Provisional data.
(1) Adjusted data according to the real number of working days.

76

77

Construction

Trade

4. U: Annual changes (%) in Production Index


in Construction, 2010 - 2012
Countries
Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)
Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

2010

2011

2012

-4.1

-4.8
-0.5
-29.2
-8.5
-29.7
-20.4
-3.5
-8.0
0.2
-4.3
*-10.6
-8.5
-4.5
-16.9
(1)6.9

1.9

2.1
7.8
-28.1
27.3
-17.3
-19.6
-4.0
-9.5
2.0
*-2.6
*5.1
-10.2
-2.0
-24.9
(1)9.1

1.9

-2.9
-1.1
-26.1
18.4
-5.4
-5.4
-13.9
-22.0
-5.3
*-1.8
*-8.1
-17.0
*-12.2
-16.9
(1)-1.7

-14.8
-11.1
5.1
-15.7
-23.4
-7.5
-10.4
3.2
-13.4
8.2
-7.6

-12.9
9.2
2.2
-8.7
12.5
22.2
-7.8
16.6
3.0
13.3
-3.6

*-0.5
-7.3
*-8.1
-10.8
14.1
-7.2
-6.0
-4.7
1.3
5.2
-7.4

Trade

Source: Eurostat.
... = No data available.
* = Provisional data.
(1) Estimates.

78

79

Trade

Trade

1. Evolution of the Turnover Index in


2005 =

Year
and
month

2011
2012
2013: 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9*

Annual
rate of
change

Index

103.0
91.7
80.4
79.9
81.9
82.3
86.6
84.2
82.9
83.1
84.4

Retail Trade, 2011 - 2013 (September)(1)


100.0

Overall Index
(except automotive fuel)

Overall Index

Index

-7.2
-11.0
-16.6
-14.1
-5.9
-14.9
-2.6
-7.7
-14.1
-8.9
-6.4

97.5
86.5
74.8
74.7
76.5
78.4
82.8
79.6
78.4
77.5
79.4

Annual
rate of
change
-7.7
-11.3
-16.3
-13.8
-6.4
-13.3
-3.2
-8.5
-14.3
-9.5
-5.9

Automotive
fuel sector

Food sector
Annual
rate of
change

Index

114.9
106.0
90.6
91.1
98.0
94.4
105.5
101.2
96.8
101.4
98.4

Index

-2.5
-7.7
-15.2
-14.1
-2.5
-15.2
-2.4
-9.0
-12.0
-6.3
-5.8

Non-food sector
(except automotive fuel)

Annual
rate of
change

119.6
108.2
101.8
99.0
101.6
92.7
96.0
99.0
97.0
104.4
101.6

Annual
rate of
change

Index

-4.4
-9.5
-17.7
-15.6
-3.4
-22.3
1.9
-2.2
-12.1
-4.7
-8.1

83.6
70.6
62.2
61.6
58.3
65.6
64.1
61.9
63.6
57.7
64.3

-13.2
-15.5
-17.2
-12.9
-12.0
-10.3
-4.2
-7.5
-16.7
-13.9
-5.3

* = Provisional data.
(1) Adjusted data according to the number of real working days.

2. Evolution of the Volume Index in


2005 =

Year
and
month

2011
2012
2013: 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9*

Annual
rate of
change

84.2
73.9
66.0
68.0
65.5
64.8
68.5
66.6
68.0
70.6
67.3

100.0

Overall Index
(except automotive fuel)

Overall Index

Index

Retail Trade, 2011 - 2013 (September)(1)

Index

-10.2
-12.2
-16.8
-14.1
-5.8
-14.5
-2.3
-8.0
-13.9
-7.7
-5.4

84.0
74.1
65.3
68.4
65.0
65.1
68.9
66.3
68.4
70.5
66.9

Annual
rate of
change

Automotive
fuel sector

Food sector
Annual
rate of
change

Index

91.6
83.4
70.7
71.0
75.7
72.5
80.8
77.6
75.1
79.1
77.0

-8.7
-11.8
-16.3
-13.4
-6.7
-13.8
-3.4
-8.8
-14.2
-9.1
-5.6

Index

-6.0
-9.0
-15.9
-14.6
-4.1
-17.1
-4.3
-11.1
-13.6
-7.3
-6.6

68.3
58.1
55.8
52.6
54.5
51.1
53.4
54.8
53.0
56.7
55.8

Non-food sector
(except automotive fuel)

Annual
rate of
change

Annual
rate of
change

Index

-16.4
-14.9
-18.8
-17.1
-1.2
-16.4
5.3
-2.5
-11.5
0.2
-3.1

77.5
65.7
60.5
66.4
54.3
58.5
57.7
55.7
62.1
61.4
58.1

-12.0
-15.2
-16.5
-11.5
-11.0
-9.7
-2.7
-5.9
-15.0
-11.9
-4.0

* = Provisional data.
(1) Adjusted data according to the number of real working days.

3. Evolution of the Index of Employed


2005 =

Year
and
quarter

Annual mean
2010
2011
2012
2013: Q1
Q2
80

Overall Index
(excluding persons
employed in retail trade)

Overall Index

Index

101.2
97.2
94.5
93.9
94.5

Annual rate
of change

-3.3
-3.9
-2.8
2.8
0.2

Index

101.1
98.1
95.6
94.7
95.1

Annual rate
of change

-3.0
-2.9
-2.6
2.4
-0.4

Persons in Retail Trade, 2010 - 2013 (Q2)


100.0
Index of persons
employed in the food sector
Index

106.9
107.7
107.5
108.1
109.9

Annual rate
of change

-2.3
0.7
-0.2
5.2
2.2

Index of persons employed


in the non-food sector
Annual rate
of change

Index

95.2
88.9
84.2
82.0
80.9

-3.7
-6.7
-5.3
-0.8
-3.6
81

Trade

Trade

4. Imports - Arrivals, Exports - Dispatches by area


of origin/destination, including oil products, 2009 - 2012

Imports - Arrivals, including oil products (in bil. )


40.0

Billion euro
2009

2010

2011*

2012*
30.0

Imports - Arrivals(1)
Total
European Union
Third countries

52.11
30.11
22.00

50.74
26.66
24.08

48.35
24.83
23.53

49.25
22.56
26.69

Exports - Dispatches(1)
Total
European Union
Third countries

17.67
10.22
7.45

21.14
11.57
9.57

24.27
12.53
11.74

27.56
12.16
15.40

(Year-on-year change %)

20.0

10.0

0.0
2009

Imports - Arrivals(1)
Total
European Union
Third countries

-19.7
-16.8
-23.3

-2.6
-11.5
9.4

-4.7
-6.9
-2.3

1.8
-9.1
13.4

Exports - Dispatches(1)
Total
European Union
Third countries

-17.1
-19.9
-12.9

19.6
13.2
28.4

14.8
8.3
22.7

13.5
-2.9
31.1

2010

2011

2012

European Union
Third countries

* = Provisional data.
(1) The data of the Intra-EU trade are adjusted to the total trade with EU countries from the year 2004 onwards. The "incomplete customs declarations"
are incorporated in the trade data with third countries and, after having
been completed, they will be replaced by the final data.

Exports - Dispatches, including oil products (in bil. )


20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0
2009

2010

2011

2012

European Union
Third countries

82

83

Trade

Trade

5. Imports - Arrivals, Exports - Dispatches by area of origin/

destination, including oil products, 2005, 2011, 2012

Billion euro
2005
Countries(1)

Percent of
total

Value
Imports - Arrivals(2)
Germany
Russia
Italy
Iran
Netherlands
China
France
Saudi Arabia
Belgium
Spain
Other countries
Exports - Dispatches(2)
Italy
Germany
Turkey
Cyprus
Bulgaria
United States
United Kingdom
France
Romania
Singapore
Other countries

2011*
Value

2012*
Percent of
total

Percent of
total

Value

6.51
3.39
5.91
1.49
2.64
1.70
2.79
1.81
1.67
1.85
16.68

14.0
7.3
12.7
3.2
5.7
3.7
6.0
3.9
3.6
4.0
35.9

4.94
4.89
4.54
2.78
2.59
2.49
2.41
1.71
1.62
1.43
18.94

10.2
10.1
9.4
5.7
5.4
5.2
5.0
3.5
3.4
3.0
39.2

4.64
6.01
4.04
1.54
2.27
2.29
2.13
2.67
1.33
1.35
20.97

9.4
12.2
8.2
3.1
4.6
4.7
4.3
5.4
2.7
2.7
42.6

1.67
1.91
0.75
0.88
0.82
0.74
1.03
0.66
0.41
0.12
5.92

11.2
12.8
5.0
5.9
5.5
4.9
6.9
4.4
2.7
0.8
39.7

2.29
1.91
1.88
1.56
1.34
1.28
0.99
0.69
0.65
0.65
11.04

9.4
7.9
7.8
6.4
5.5
5.3
4.1
2.9
2.7
2.7
45.5

2.12
1.76
2.95
1.42
1.56
1.03
0.86
0.67
0.59
0.54
14.05

7.7
6.4
10.7
5.2
5.7
3.7
3.1
2.4
2.1
2.0
51.0

* = Provisional data.
(1) The countries are ranked in descending order according to the imports and
exports, respectively, of 2011.
(2) The data of the Intra-EU trade are adjusted to the total trade with EU countries from 2004 onwards. The "incomplete customs declarations" are incorporated in the trade data with third countries and, after having been completed, they will be replaced by the final data.

Imports - Arrivals, 2012

Exports - Dispatches, 2012


Singapore
2.0%

Other countries
42.6%

Russia
12.2%

Italy
7.7%
Cyprus
5.2%

Other countries
51.0%

Iran
3.1%
Saudi Arabia
5.4%

Spain
2.7%
Belgium
2.7%
France
4.3%

Bulgaria
5.7%
Turkey
10.7%

Germany
9.4%

Netherlands
China
4.6%
4.7%
84

Germany
6.4%

Italy
8.2%

USA
3.7%

UK
3.1%
France
2.4%
Romania
2.1%
85

Trade

Trade

6. Imports - Arrivals, by main product categories according to


SITC(1), 2010 - 2012
Billion euro

7. Exports - Dispatches, by main product categories according


to SITC(1), 2010 - 2012
Billion euro

2010
Total(2)
Primary goods (0 - 4)
Food, drinks and tobacco (0 + 1)
Raw materials (2 + 4)
Energy products (3)
Manufactured goods (5 - 8)
Chemicals (5)
Machinery and transport equipment (7)
Other manufactured goods (6 + 8)
Products, not elsewhere classified (9)

50.74
19.58
5.82
1.49
12.28
31.12
7.52
12.08
11.52
0.04

2011*
48.35
22.40
5.94
1.65
14.81
25.94
7.16
8.67
10.11
0.02

Total(2)
Primary goods (0 - 4)
Food, drinks and tobacco (0 + 1)
Raw materials (2 + 4)
Energy products (3)
Manufactured goods (5 - 8)
Chemicals (5)
Machinery and transport equipment (7)
Other manufactured goods (6 + 8)
Products, not elsewhere classified (9)

2010

2012*
49.25
25.39
5.52
1.60
18.28
23.84
6.57
8.55
8.73
0.01

Total(2)
Primary goods (0 - 4)
Food, drinks and tobacco (0 + 1)
Raw materials (2 + 4)
Energy products (3)
Manufactured goods (5 - 8)
Chemicals (5)
Machinery and transport equipment (7)
Other manufactured goods (6 + 8)
Products, not elsewhere classified (9)

2011*

2012*

21.14
10.67
3.87
1.37
5.42
9.94
2.54
2.14
5.26
0.53

24.27
12.81
4.06
1.34
7.40
10.79
2.47
2.27
6.05
0.68

27.56
16.54
4.25
1.65
10.64
10.42
2.47
2.33
5.62
0.60

19.6
28.7
6.3
23.3
53.3
10.0
13.0
4.2
11.1
54.4

14.8
20.1
5.0
-2.2
36.5
8.5
-3.0
6.3
14.9
27.9

13.5
29.2
4.6
22.8
43.8
-3.4
0.0
2.4
-7.0
-11.5

(Year-on-year change %)

(Year-on-year change %)
-2.6
21.2
-3.6
14.1
39.2
-13.4
-6.1
-22.4
-6.6
-6.1

-4.7
14.4
2.0
11.0
20.7
-16.6
-4.8
-28.2
-12.3
-45.8

1.8
13.4
-7.0
-3.2
23.4
-8.1
-8.3
-1.5
-13.7
-27.8

* = Provisional data.
(1) SITC: Standard International Trade Classification.
(2) The data of the Intra-EU trade are adjusted to the total trade with EU countries from the year 2004 onwards. The "incomplete customs declarations"
are incorporated in the trade data with third countries and, after having
been completed, they will be replaced by the final data.

86

Total(2)
Primary goods (0 - 4)
Food, drinks and tobacco (0 + 1)
Raw materials (2 + 4)
Energy products (3)
Manufactured goods (5 - 8)
Chemicals (5)
Machinery and transport equipment (7)
Other manufactured goods (6 + 8)
Products, not elsewhere classified (9)

* = Provisional data.
(1) SITC: Standard International Trade Classification.
(2) The data of the Intra-EU trade are adjusted to the total trade with EU countries from the year 2004 onwards. The "incomplete customs declarations"
are incorporated in the trade data with third countries and, after having
been completed, they will be replaced by the final data.

87

Trade

Trade

8. External Trade Balance, 2009 - 2012

Imports - Arrivals (in bil. )

Billion euro

70.0

2009
Imports - Arrivals(1)
Including the value of ships
Excluding the value of ships
Excluding oil products and including the value of ships
Exports - Dispatches(1)
Including the value of ships
Excluding the value of ships
Excluding oil products and including the value of ships

2010

2011*

2012*
60.0

52.11
48.29

50.74
47.71

48.35
47.07

49.25
47.28

43.55

38.95

33.83

31.32

17.67
17.59

21.14
21.02

24.27
24.20

27.56
27.44

14.22

15.80

17.03

17.18

-34.43

-29.60

-24.08

-21.69

50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0

Trade balance, including the


value of ships
Trade balance, excluding the
value of ships
Trade balance, excluding oil
products and including
the value of ships
Imports as percentage of GDP
Exports as percentage of GDP
External Trade Balance as percentage of GDP

2009

2010

2011

2012

xcluding oil products and including the value of ships

-30.69

-26.69

-22.86

-19.84

-29.33

-23.15

-16.81

-14.14

Exports - Dispatches (in bil. )

22.55
7.65

22.84
9.52

23.19
11.64

25.42
14.23

24.0

-14.90

-13.32

-11.55

-11.19

20.0

-19.7
-22.8

-2.6
-1.2

-4.7
-1.4

1.8
0.5

-15.2

-10.6

-13.1

-7.4

14.8
19.5

13.5
15.1

13.4

11.2

7.7

0.9

(Year-on-year change %)
Imports - Arrivals(1)
Including the value of ships
Excluding the value of ships
Excluding oil products and including the value of ships

16.0

12.0

Exports - Dispatches(1)
Including the value of ships
-17.1 19.6
Excluding the value of ships
-16.7
Excluding oil products and including the value of ships
-15.2

8.0

Trade deficit, including the


value of ships

-20.9

-14.0

-18.6

-9.9

Trade deficit, excluding the


value of ships

-25.9

-13.0

-14.3

-13.2

Trade deficit, excluding oil


products and including
the value of ships

-15.2

-21.1

-27.4

-15.9

2009

2010

2011

2012

xcluding oil products and including the value of ships

Trade balance (in bil. )


0.0

-10.0

* = Provisional data.
(1) The data of the Intra-EU trade are adjusted to the total trade with EU countries from the year 2004 onwards. The "incomplete customs declarations"
are incorporated in the trade data with third countries and, after having
been completed, they will be replaced by the final data.

-20.0

-30.0

-40.0
2009

2010

2011

2012

xcluding oil products and including the value of ships


88

89

Trade

Transport

9. U: Intra-EU trade: Arrivals and dispatches, 2011 and 2012


Million euro
Arrivals

Dispatches

Countries
2011

2012

2011

2012

2,740,048

2,757,475

2,806,258

2,828,853

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

105,682
227,700
348,301
571,747
24,893
9,993
33,252
153,951
215,728
4,303
17,168
3,327
199,176
43,610
41,990
17,268
37,226

105,467
232,024
352,295
576,949
22,484
11,015
32,812
142,324
200,314
3,919
16,549
3,939
208,539
40,402
45,024
16,766
37,322

89,797
246,176
261,023
627,745
12,537
7,961
52,152
146,702
210,666
887
12,764
1,293
369,008
31,873
48,607
17,717
31,663

89,721
243,381
260,925
625,669
12,185
8,278
53,872
145,353
209,214
816
12,027
1,290
387,653
32,197
53,237
17,220
30,465

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

13,899
48,416
235,422
9,082
12,949
51,038
105,848
39,944
86,677
81,457

14,937
50,614
257,123
10,485
14,240
52,064
102,500
40,147
84,941
82,279

12,605
52,430
182,507
6,224
12,355
61,258
105,695
32,155
75,240
97,218

12,152
52,020
184,309
6,964
13,963
61,288
108,107
31,586
76,419
98,528

EU 27

Transport

Source: Eurostat.

90

91

Transport

1. Land transport, 2009 - 2012

Vehicles in circulation
Passenger vehicles
Buses
Trucks
Motorcycles

2009

2010

2011

2012

7,910,565
5,131,960
27,324
1,302,430
1,448,851

8,062,085
5,216,873
27,311
1,318,768
1,499,133

8,086,910
5,203,591
27,121
1,321,296
1,534,902

8,069,872
5,167,557
26,962
1,318,918
1,556,435

14,789
20,097
1,456

15,032
20,366
1,258

13,849
18,400
1,141

*12,231
*16,197
*984

Road trac accidents


Persons injured
thereof killed
* = Provisional data.

2. Sea transport, 2009 - 2012


2009

2010

2011

2012

Greek merchant fleet:


Number of vessels
Capacity (thous. GRT)

2,091
41,299

2,074
43,026

2,014
43,398

1,939
43,614

Passengers (thousands)
Domestic
Foreign

44,842
42,644
2,198

43,325
41,170
2,155

40,583
38,619
1,964

37,137
35,768
1,369

Goods transport (thous.


tonnes)
Domestic
Foreign

102,815
32,611
70,204

100,301
28,754
71,547

105,767
29,547
76,220

123,253
29,728
93,525

3. Domestic and international air trac, 2007 - 2012


Year
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

Flights
of aircrafts
455,199
440,914
457,706
428,859
410,226
382,781

Passengers (thousands)
Embarked
20,785
20,491
19,899
19,220
19,508
18,398

Disembarked
20,530
20,346
19,746
19,083
19,323
18,260

Freight and
mail
(tonnes)
143,894
147,203
129,400
116,774
102,094
89,567

S o u r c e : Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority.

92

93

Transport

Labour market

4. Turnover indices in the transport sector, 2009 - 2012


2010=100.0
Percentage change
Branches of economic activity
Land transport and transport via
pipelines
Water transport
Air transport
Warehousing and support activities for transportation
Travel agency, tour operator, reservation service and related activities

2009

2010

2011

2012

-31.5
-22.8
-11.7

-18.2
-8.6
-7.0

-1.7
-2.6
-0.9

-3.3
-15.4
-1.1

-32.2

-10.8

-7.9

-4.8

-9.9

-24.5

-35.2

-27.0

5. EU: Transport of goods by road, 2009 - 2012


Thousand tonnes
Countries

2009

2010

2011

2012

Labour market

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

336,691
297,879
1,939,431
2,769,201
644,528
30,088
142,126
1,710,946
1,468,954
28,523
52,649

616,903
258,968
163,491
75,287
350,588

331,034
296,189
2,015,493
2,734,605
577,442
27,315
123,116
1,566,270
1,527,763
32,247
60,725

564,841
222,142
143,244
81,025
397,813

344,737
289,203
2,090,616
2,986,736
505,986
32,913
109,661
1,466,146
1,339,672
26,05
60,687

559,03
217,186
132,69
75,615
317,74

333,963
233,169
2,008,370
2,891,837
400,124
31,321
106,465
1,238,703
1,121,313
22,964
55,084

542,855
154,484
132,27
62,759
299,397

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

146,563
149,344
1,460,797
92,862
37,819
44,697
229,808
1,170,478
293,422
333,837
370,115

129,922
165,708
1,521,135
74,98
46,808
44,716
199,848
1,216,083
174,124
322,107
355,911

135,328
178,006

74,657
53,936
46,019
182,839
1,322,237
183,935
330,992
349,278

140,274
176,354

65,453
52,622
48,428
165,514
1,245,053
188,611
294,939
339,314

Source: Eurostat.
... = No data available.

94

95

Labour market

1. Population aged 15 years and over by employment


status, 2008 - 2012
Thousands

Employed
Unemployed
Economically non-active
Employment rate(1)
Unemployment rate

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

4,559.4
377.9
4,296.8

4,508.7
471.1
4,287.7

4,388.6
628.7
4,289.0

4,090.7
876.9
4,374.3

3,763.0
1,203.8
4,406.7

49.4
7.6

48.7
9.5

47.2
12.5

43.8
17.7

40.1
24.2

(1) Employment rate represents persons in employment as a percentage of the


total population.

Employment and unemployment rate


60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Employment rate
Unemployment rate

1a. Population aged 15 years and over by employment


status, quarterly data, 2012 and 2013 (Q3)
Thousands

Employed
Unemployed
Economically non-active
Employment rate(1)
Unemployment rate

2012 Q3

2012 Q4

2013 Q1

2013 Q2

2013 Q3

3,739.0
1,230.9
4,407.3

3,681.9
1,295.5
4,407.4

3,595.9
1,355.2
4,440.6

3,632.2
1,350.4
4,415.2

3,635.9
1,345.4
4,422.8

39.9
24.8

39.2
26.0

38.3
27.4

38.6
27.1

38.7
27.0

(1) Employment rate represents persons in employment as a percentage of the


total population.

96

97

Labour market

Labour market

2. Population aged 15 years and over by employment


status and gender, 2008 - 2012

3. Persons employed aged 15 years and over


by main sector of the economy and gender, 2008 - 2012
Thousands

Thousands

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Total
Male
Female

4,559.4
2,775.3
1,784.1

4,508.7
2,717.8
1,790.9

4,388.6
2,626.8
1,761.8

4,090.7
2,441.5
1,649.2

3,763.0
2,239.5
1,523.5

4,966.8
2,848.0
2,118.8

Primary
Male
Female

516.8
305.7
211.1

536.6
320.2
216.3

549.8
325.3
224.5

507.4
298.3
209.1

490.0
292.7
197.2

4,090.7
2,441.5
1,649.2

3,763.0
2,239.5
1,523.5

Secondary
Male
Female

1,016.4
848.6
167.8

955.6
800.6
155.1

864.6
726.4
138.2

728.9
604.2
124.7

627.0
513.3
113.7

876.9
428.9
448.0

1,203.8
608.5
595.3

Tertiary
Male
Female

3,026.1
1,621.0
1,405.1

3,016.5
1,597.0
1,419.5

2,974.2
1,575.1
1,399.1

2,854.4
1,539.0
1,315.4

2,646.0
1,433.5
1,212.5

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Population
Male
Female

9,234.1
4,504.7
4,729.3

9,267.4
4,520.7
4,746.7

9,306.3
4,542.0
4,764.3

9,341.9
4,561.6
4,780.3

9,369.7
4,577.0
4,792.7

Labour force
Male
Female

4,937.3
2,923.2
2,014.0

4,979.8
2,917.8
2,062.0

5,017.3
2,915.6
2,101.8

4,967.6
2,870.4
2,097.2

Employed
Male
Female

4,559.4
2,775.3
1,784.1

4,508.7
2,717.8
1,790.9

4,388.6
2,626.8
1,761.8

377.9
147.9
230.0

471.1
200.0
271.1

628.7
288.7
340.0

Unemployed
Male
Female

Population aged 15 years and over, by employment status

Persons employed by main sector of the economy

6,000

3,500

5,000

3,000
2,500

4,000

2,000
3,000
1,500
2,000

1,000

1,000

500

0
2008

98

2009

2010

2011

2012

2008

2009

2010

Labour force

Primary

Employed

Secondary

Unemployed

Tertiary

2011

2012

99

Labour market

Labour market

4. Persons employed aged 15 years and over by occupational


status, 2008 - 2012

5. Population aged 15 years and over by age group and


employment status, 2012
Thousands

Thousands
2009

2008
Total

4,559.4

Employers
Own-account workers
Salaried employees
Non-paid household
members

4,508.7

2010
4,388.6

2011
4,090.7

2012
3,763.0

385.8
960.0
2,944.8

379.4
967.5
2,898.1

350.3
979.5
2,810.7

318.1
951.3
2,599.2

269.2
930.1
2,377.2

268.9

263.7

248.1

222.1

186.6

2012
Age
group

Total
15 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 64
65 +

Employed

3,763.0
510.6
1,697.0
1,497.6
57.8

Unemployed

UnemployEconomically
ment
non-active
%

1,203.8
395.4
506.6
299.0
2.7

24.2
43.6
23.0
16.6
4.5

4,406.7
860.1
322.0
1,134.4
2,090.1

Percentage distribution of persons employed,


by occupational status, 2012
Salaried employees
63.2

5a. Population aged 15 years and over by age group and


employment status, quarterly data, 2013 (Q3)
Thousands
2013 Q3
Age
group
Non-paid household
members
5.0
Employers
7.2

Total
15 - 29
30 - 44
45 - 64
65 +

Employed

3,635.9
4,082.7
1,646.7
1,488.6
53.9

Unemployed

1,345.4
1,765.4
573.3
347.2
4.9

UnemployEconomically
ment
non-active
%
27.0
30.2
25.8
18.9
8.3

4,422.8
5,276.7
299.1
1,145.8
2,124.0

Own-account workers
24.7

100

101

Labour market

Labour market

6. Evolution of the percentage of the unemployed for total


population, male - female and for persons
aged 15 - 29 years, 2000 - 2012(1)

7. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment,


2008 - 2012
Thousands

Thousands
Year

Total

Duration of
unemployment

Persons aged
15 - 29 years

Female

Male

Total of unemployed
11.2
10.4
9.3
10.2
9.6
9.6
8.8
8.1
7.2
8.9
11.8
16.3
23.6

2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

7.4
6.9
6.4
6.0
6.3
5.8
5.6
5.0
4.7
6.3
9.4
13.7
20.8

17.0
15.9
15.2
14.3
15.9
15.2
13.4
12.6
10.9
12.5
15.3
20.0
27.3

23.0
21.5
20.4
19.5
20.1
18.8
17.8
17.0
15.5
17.7
22.8
32.9
42.7

Search for employment is


about to start
Less than a month
1 - 2 months
3 - 5 months
6 - 11 months
12 months and over (longterm unemployed)
"New" unemployed
Percent of long-term unemployed
Percent of "New" unemployed

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

377.9

471.1

628.7

876.9 1,203.8

3.1
20.7
54.3
54.0
58.9

4.6
27.4
75.3
77.2
85.0

6.2
32.0
88.8
95.3
110.1

7.1
35.3
106.2
124.2
151.8

9.6
35.5
106.9
132.7
184.3

186.9
132.8

201.5
132.0

296.5
148.5

452.4
210.5

770.4
288.4

49.5

42.8

47.2

51.6

64.0

35.1

28.0

23.6

24.0

24.0

(1) Data refer to the second quarter of each year.

Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment


900.0

Evolution of the percentage of the unemployed for total


population, male - female and for persons
aged 15 - 29 years

750.0

50.0

600.0

40.0

450.0

30.0

300.0
150.0

20.0
0.0
2008

10.0

2009

2010

2011

2012

Unemployed less than a month


2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

2001

2000

0.0

Unemployed 1 - 2 months
Unemployed 3 - 5 months

Total

Unemployed 6 - 11 months

Male

Unemployed 12 months and over

Female
Persons 15 - 29 years

102

103

Labour market

Labour market

8. Unemployed persons by age group, gender and

educational attainment level, 2008 - 2012

Thousands
Educational
attainment
level

Total

up to 20 years

20 - 24 years

25 - 29 years

30 - 44 years

45 - 64 years

65 +

Years
Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Male

Female

Tertiary 2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

45.8
53.7
77.5
117.6
167.3

88.8
102.8
136.8
186.8
242.9

0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.2

0.3
0.3
0.1
0.3
0.5

6.4
5.3
9.3
14.0
16.9

17.4
21.4
26.5
31.2
39.3

18.1
18.7
25.2
41.5
50.9

29.8
31.0
40.2
56.3
67.0

16.3
21.1
30.4
44.3
66.4

35.0
40.0
56.0
80.7
106.2

4.7
8.7
12.3
17.5
32.5

6.2
10.1
14.0
17.7
29.4

0.2
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.6
0.4

Secon- 2008
dary 2009
2010
2011
2012

75.6
107.0
151.2
222.1
317.8

107.5
127.4
157.0
206.5
280.3

4.0
4.8
6.3
9.2
11.3

6.4
7.2
6.5
8.7
13.2

19.8
22.4
25.8
35.5
44.2

16.6
20.2
23.8
28.6
35.1

15.4
21.3
25.3
38.4
54.4

17.9
19.5
24.2
32.1
34.9

25.2
35.5
58.6
87.9
132.3

50.3
60.3
73.5
93.6
132.6

11.0
22.7
34.9
50.8
75.0

16.2
20.0
29.0
43.4
64.6

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.5

0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0

2008
2009
2010
2011
2012

26.5
39.2
60.1
89.2
123.4

33.7
40.9
46.1
54.7
72.1

1.5
1.6
2.2
2.4
2.5

0.6
0.9
0.9
2.1
1.2

1.8
3.3
5.5
5.6
6.3

1.6
1.8
2.8
3.4
2.9

3.1
4.2
6.0
8.4
10.6

1.8
2.9
2.9
3.6
4.1

6.9
12.3
19.2
30.7
45.6

12.8
14.2
16.7
18.7
23.5

12.9
17.6
26.8
41.8
57.5

16.8
21.0
22.6
26.3
39.9

0.2
0.3
0.4
0.4
0.9

0.0
0.0
0.3
0.5
0.5

Primary/
did not
go to
school

Percentage distribution of unemployed persons


by educational attainment level
100.0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Tertiary
Secondary
Primary/did
not go to school

104

105

Labour market

Labour market

9. Labour force and unemployment rate by region,


2008 - 2012 (continued)

9. Labour force and unemployment rate by region,


2008 - 2012

Thousands

Thousands
Employment status
by region
Greece, total
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

106

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

4,937.3 4,979.8 5,017.3 4,967.6 4,966.8


4,559.4 4,508.7 4,388.6 4,090.7 3,763.0
377.9
471.1
628.7
876.9 1,203.8
7.7
9.5
12.5
17.7
24.2

Employment status
by region

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Dytiki Ellada
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

309.9
280.1
29.9
9.6

312.5
282.8
29.7
9.5

319.5
282.2
37.3
11.7

317.0
262.1
54.9
17.3

318.1
237.0
81.1
25.5

Anatoliki Makedonia , Thraki


Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

258.2
235.8
22.4
8.7

261.7
233.1
28.6
10.9

265.5
227.7
37.8
14.2

258.7
207.3
51.4
19.9

254.7
197.5
57.2
22.5

Sterea Ellada
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

242.2
221.6
20.6
8.5

238.3
213.3
25.0
10.5

243.7
213.1
30.6
12.5

243.4
197.3
46.1
18.9

236.2
170.6
65.6
27.8

Kentriki Makedonia
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

833.6
764.3
69.4
8.3

827.6
745.6
82.0
9.9

840.3
727.0
113.3
13.5

832.0
669.4
162.6
19.5

830.9
614.8
216.1
26.0

Attiki
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

1,838.8
1,720.1
118.7
6.5

1,863.3
1,698.5
164.9
8.8

1,872.5
1,642.2
230.2
12.3

1,865.2
1,536.9
328.3
17.6

1,881.2
1,404.4
476.8
25.3

Dytiki Makedonia
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

121.8
106.6
15.2
12.5

124.3
108.7
15.5
12.5

122.3
103.4
18.9
15.5

122.5
94.1
28.4
23.2

120.1
84.2
35.9
29.9

Peloponnisos
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

274.5
254.8
19.6
7.1

273.4
251.6
21.9
8.0

267.9
241.5
26.4
9.8

260.7
223.7
37.0
14.2

256.4
205.5
50.9
19.9

Ipeiros
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

150.2
135.3
14.9
9.9

154.8
137.4
17.4
11.2

157.3
137.5
19.8
12.6

153.1
127.5
25.6
16.7

154.8
119.4
35.4
22.9

Voreio Aigaio
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

75.1
71.8
3.4
4.5

77.0
72.4
4.6
6.0

80.8
73.5
7.3
9.0

79.3
67.9
11.4
14.3

83.2
65.6
17.6
21.2

Thessalia
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

323.2
296.2
27.0
8.4

325.8
295.7
30.1
9.2

327.1
287.5
39.5
12.1

316.8
263.6
53.2
16.8

317.9
246.0
71.9
22.6

Notio Aigaio
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

133.3
122.5
10.8
8.1

138.3
121.6
16.6
12.0

136.3
116.9
19.4
14.2

134.9
114.7
20.2
15.0

133.7
113.5
20.2
15.1

Ionia Nisia
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

102.3
93.6
8.7
8.5

104.8
94.7
10.2
9.7

105.1
89.5
15.6
14.8

105.1
90.2
14.9
14.2

105.8
90.2
15.5
14.7

Kriti
Labour force
Employed
Unemployed
Unemployment rate

274.0
256.7
17.3
6.3

278.0
253.4
24.6
8.8

279.1
246.5
32.6
11.7

278.8
236.0
42.8
15.4

273.9
214.3
59.6
21.7

107

Labour market

Household consumption and housing amenities

10

10. EU: Unemployment rate(1), 2008 - 2012


Countries
EU-27
Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)
Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

7.1

9.0

9.7

9.7

10.4

3.8
7.0
7.8
7.5
7.7
5.5
6.3
11.3
6.7
3.7
4.9
6.0
3.1
8.5
9.5
4.4
6.4

4.8
7.9
9.5
7.8
9.5
13.8
11.9
18.0
7.8
5.3
5.1
6.9
3.7
10.6
12.0
5.9
8.2

4.4
8.3
9.8
7.1
12.6
16.9
13.7
20.1
8.4
6.2
4.6
6.9
4.5
12.0
14.4
7.3
8.4

4.2
7.2
9.3
5.9
17.7
12.5
14.4
21.7
8.4
7.8
4.9
6.5
4.4
12.9
13.5
8.2
7.8

4.3
7.5
9.9
5.5
24.2
10.2
14.7
25.0
10.7
11.8
5.1
6.4
5.3
15.7
14.0
8.8
7.7

5.6
3.4
5.6
7.5
5.8
7.8
7.1
5.8
6.2
4.4

6.8
6.0
7.6
17.1
13.7
10.0
8.2
6.9
8.3
6.7

10.2
7.5
7.8
18.7
17.8
11.2
9.6
7.3
8.4
7.3

11.2
7.6
8.0
16.2
15.4
10.9
9.7
7.4
7.5
6.7

12.3
7.5
7.9
14.9
13.2
10.9
10.1
7.0
8.0
7.0

Household consumption and


housing amenities

Source: Eurostat.
(1) Annual average unemployment rate data.

Unemployment rate (%) in euro area countries, 2012


28.0
23.0
18.0
13.0
8.0
3.0
ES EL PT IE SK CY IT EE FR SL FI BE MT DE NL LU AT

108

109

10

Household consumption and housing amenities

Household consumption and housing amenities

1. Average monthly household expenditure


2008 2009

2008

Goods
and
services

Value in
euro

Total
Food
Alcoholic beverages and
tobacco
Clothing and footwear
Housing
Durables
Health
Transport
Communications
Recreation and culture
Education
Hotels, cafs and
restaurants
Miscellaneous goods and
services

Value in
euro

(purchases) on goods and services


2012
2010

2012

2011

Value in
euro

Value in
euro

Value in
euro

2,117.67
347.40

100.0
16.4

2,065.18
356.60

100.0
17.3

1,956.42
351.67

100.0
18.0

1,824.02
355.05

100.0
19.5

1,637.10
328.57

100.0
20.1

68.39
174.24
249.55
149.45
142.10
283.36
94.04
102.05
64.82

3.2
8.2
11.8
7.1
6.7
13.4
4.4
4.8
3.1

68.63
162.84
232.18
138.80
134.27
274.37
89.63
100.17
66.80

3.3
7.9
11.2
6.7
6.5
13.3
4.3
4.9
3.2

68.70
140.84
228.82
130.47
124.43
264.87
78.46
91.60
64.21

3.5
7.2
11.7
6.7
6.4
13.5
4.0
4.7
3.3

66.52
112.51
230.16
110.05
114.58
240.05
73.69
85.72
63.71

3.6
6.2
12.6
6.0
6.3
13.2
4.0
4.7
3.5

62.71
95.34
227.07
94.97
104.71
209.88
68.19
72.87
57.33

3.8
5.8
13.9
5.8
6.4
12.8
4.2
4.5
3.5

229.79

10.9

228.18

11.0

209.75

10.7

189.11

10.4

160.47

9.8

212.48

10.0

212.70

10.3

202.61

10.4

182.89

10.0

154.98

9.5

Percentage distribution of average monthly household


expenditure (purchases) on goods and services, 2012
21.0

10

2. verage monthly consumption of basic goods,


2008 - 2012

18.0

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

15.0
12.0
9.0
6.0
3.0

Education

Hotels, cafs and


restaurants
Miscellaneous goods
and services

Recreation and culture

Communications

Transport

Health

Durables

Housing

Clothing and footwear

Food
110

Alcoholic beverages
and tobacco

0.0

Rice (Grams)
Bread and bakery products
(Grams)
Pasta (Grams)
Meat (Grams)
Fish (Grams)
Milk (Millilitres)
Eggs (Unit)
Yogurt (Grams)
Cheese (Grams)
Fruit fresh, preserved and
dried (Grams)
Vegetables fresh, preserved
and dried (Grams)
Olive oil (Millilitres)
Cigarettes (Unit)
Alcoholic beverages (Millilitres)

1,161.62

1,251

1,242

1,286

1,296

111,421.90 11,020
2,441.44
2,498
11,578.18 12,007
3,326.87
3,551
112,951.34 13,531
13
15
1,630.53
1,832
3,519.14
3,601

11,316
2,518
11,721
3,387
12,951
16
1,893
3,548

11,373
2,636
11,441
3,293
12,727
16
1,835
3,535

11,140
2,672
11,029
3,143
12,418
16
1,745
3,373

19,088.58

20,172

21,286

20,917

19,916

30,779.21
3,053.37
403

30,204
3,244
372

29,578
3,538
315

28,992
3,534
269

28,403
3,729
237

3,931.48

3,912

3,829

4,096

3,788

111

10

Household consumption and housing amenities

Household consumption and housing amenities

Percentage distribution of average monthly


expenditure on food, 2012

10

Percentage distribution of monthly average purchases


by poverty status, 2012

25.0

40.0
35.0

20.0

Poor population

30.0

Non-poor population

25.0

15.0

20.0
10.0

15.0
10.0

5.0

5.0
0.0

3. Average monthly purchases for goods and services by


poverty status of the population, 2012
Goods
and
services

Total
Food
Alcoholic beverages
and tobacco
Clothing and footwear
Housing
Durables
Health
Transport
Communications
Recreation and culture
Education
Hotels, cafs and
restaurants
Miscellaneous goods
and services

112

Poor population
Value in
euro
344.70
114.76

Non-poor
population
Value in
euro

100.0 1,078.42
33.3
207.56

%
100.0
19.2

32.0
55.3

10.80
8.92
80.22
11.90
25.27
23.07
22.28
7.30
2.42

3.1
2.6
23.3
3.5
7.3
6.7
6.5
2.1
0.7

41.20
63.82
151.38
68.44
70.39
136.88
43.45
46.94
33.30

3.8
5.9
14.0
6.3
6.5
12.7
4.0
4.4
3.1

26.2
14.0
53.0
17.4
35.9
16.9
51.3
15.6
7.3

17.34

5.0

108.50

10.1

16.0

20.44

5.9

106.56

9.9

19.2

Hotels, cafs and


restaurants
Miscellaneous goods
and services

Education

Recreation and culture

Communications

Transport

4. Percentage distribution of households by housing amenities,


2008 - 2012
2008

Poor/nonpoor %

Health

Durables

Housing

Alcoholic beverages
and tobacco
Clothing and footwear

Food

Mineral water, soft


drinks, juices

Coffee, tea and cocoa

Other food products

Sugar, marmalade,
honey, etc.

Vegetables

Fruit

Oil and fats

Dairy products
and eggs

Fish

Meat

Flour, bread, cereals

0.0

Colour TV
Personal computer
Mobile telephone
Second residence
Dish washing machine
Fixed telephone line
Microwave oven
DVD player
Central heating
Private car
Indoor garage

98.7
42.0
85.0
17.8
37.0
87.7
45.1
59.9
66.9
76.0
13.6

2009
98.7
46.4
86.0
17.8
37.0
85.5
49.1
63.2
66.6
73.5
13.9

2010
99.4
50.2
87.5
18.2
38.0
83.1
...
62.4
64.9
73.1
13.1

2011
99.5
55.8
88.4
17.4
37.9
83.6
...
61.2
64.7
72.1
13.4

2012
99.3
58.0
89.2
16.0
37.4
83.3
...
58.8
55.7
65.2
13.6

... = No data available.

113

10

Household consumption and housing amenities

Household consumption and housing amenities

6. Percentage distribution of households


by main heating means, 2008 - 2012

Housing amenities of households, 2012


120.0

2008

100.0

Central heating
Natural gas heating
Gas oil stove
Gas liquid stove
Firewood stove
Thermal accumulator
Electric heater appliances (stove, fan
heater, heater)
Air-conditioner
Other means
No heating

80.0
60.0
40.0
20.0

Indoor garage

Private car

Central heating

DVD

Fixed telephone line

Dish washing machine

Second residence

Mobile telephone

Computer

Colour TV

0.0

5. Percentage distribution of households by number of rooms


and surface of dwelling, 2008 - 2012
2008

114

2009

2010

2011

10

2009

2010

2011

2012

68.2
5.0
5.3
0.6
6.1
2.8

66.9
6.6
5.1
0.8
5.9
2.7

65.9
7.2
5.0
1.4
5.4
2.6

64.4
7.7
4.2
1.5
6.7
2.3

55.7
8.1
3.4
2.0
7.9
1.7

4.4
4.0
2.6
0.4

4.7
4.3
3.2
0.4

4.7
4.8
2.3
0.5

4.4
4.7
3.8
0.2

6.9
5.8
7.8
0.8

Percentage distribution of households by


main heating means, 2012
Gas oil stove
3.4 Gas liquid stove
2.0 Firewood stove
Natural gas heating
7.9
Thermal
8.1
accumulator
1.7
Electric heater
appliances
6.9
Central heating
Air-conditioner
55.7
5.8

2012
Other means
7.8

Number of rooms
available to the
household
1
2
3
4
5
6+

3.7
18.2
42.7
26.6
6.4
2.3

3.1
19.7
42.8
26.5
6.2
1.7

4.0
20.6
43.6
24.6
5.9
1.3

3.8
19.5
45.2
23.9
6.3
1.3

4.3
20.6
46.2
22.4
5.1
1.5

Surface (in m2)


40
41 - 60
61 - 100
101 +

4.6
15.6
52.5
27.4

4.4
15.8
53.3
26.5

5.7
18.6
51.9
23.9

5.3
16.9
53.7
24.1

5.9
17.3
53.7
23.1

No heating
0.8

115

Poverty Inequality

11

Poverty Inequality

116

117

11

Poverty Inequality

Poverty Inequality

1. At-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers(1) by gender and


age group, 2007 - 2012
%

11

2. At-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers(1) by


employment status, 2008 - 2012
%

2007
At-risk-of-poverty
threshold (in
euro)
By gender
Total
Male
Female
y age group
00 - 17
18 - 64
65+

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

6,120

6,480

6,897

7,178

6,591

5,708

19.2
18.4
20.0

20.1
19.6
20.7

19.7
19.1
20.2

20.1
19.3
20.9

21.4
20.9
21.9

23.1
22.5
23.6

22.1
18.7
22.0

23.0
18.7
22.3

23.7
18.1
21.4

23.0
19.0
21.3

23.7
20.0
23.6

26.9
23.8
17.2

(1) The at-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers is the share of persons living
in households where the total equivalised disposable income is below the
at-risk-of-poverty threshold, i.e., lower than 60% of the national median
equivalised disposable income (median income means the income in the
middle of the distribution).

At-risk-of-poverty rate

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

By most frequent employment status


Employed persons
Not employed persons
Unemployed persons
Retired persons
Other inactive persons

14.3
24.6
36.8
20.3
26.0

13.8
23.9
38.1
18.4
26.5

13.8
25.1
38.5
19.0
27.4

11.9
28.1
44.0
19.9
30.0

15.1
27.9
45.8
14.3
33.3

In work at-risk-of-poverty
rate
Total
Male
Female

14.2
15.6
12.1

13.7
15.9
10.5

13.9
16.5
10.5

11.9
13.2
10.1

15.1
16.5
13.2

Working time
Full-time
Part-time

13.5
26.0

12.5
26.9

11.7
29.4

10.4
21.4

13.4
27.3

(1) The at-risk-of-poverty rate after social transfers is the share of persons living
in households where the total equivalised disposable income is below the
at-risk-of-poverty threshold, i.e., lower than 60% of the national median
equivalised disposable income (median income means the income in the
middle of the distribution).

24,0

3. At-risk-of-poverty rate by level of educational attainment,


2008 - 2012

22,0

%
20,0

Educational
attainment

18,0

16,0
2007

118

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Pre-primary, primary
and low secondary
education
Upper secondary education, post secondary non-tertiary education
First and second stage
of tertiary education

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

27.2

27.2

27.0

29.5

28.7

15.5

16.4

18.5

19.8

18.9

6.8

5.3

5.8

7.1

12.5

119

11

Poverty Inequality

Poverty Inequality

4. Material deprivation(1), 2007 - 2012

6. U: People at-risk-of-poverty
or social exclusion, 2007 - 2011

%
Age group
Total
0 - 17
18 - 64
65 +

2007
22.0
20.0
20.6
28.9

2008
21.8
18.7
20.4
29.7

2009
23.0
24.4
21.8
25.5

2010
24.1
25.3
23.3
25.8

2011
28.4
29.2
28.2
28.4

2012
33.7
34.8
34.7
29.4

(1) Material deprivation rate measures the percentage of the population that
cannot aord at least 3 out of 9 of the following items:
to pay arrears on mortgage or rent payments, or utility bills, hire purchase
installments or other loan payments
to go on one weeks annual holiday away from home
to have a meal with meat, chicken, fish (or vegeterial equivalent) every
second day
to face unexpected expenses
to have a telephone (including mobile phone)
to have a colour TV
to have a washing machine
to have a car
to keep their home adequately warm.

5. Households with poor housing conditions,


2008 - 2012
%
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Households with housing problems:


Noise from neighhbours
or street
Leaking roof or damp
walls, floors or foundations or rot in window frames or floor
Too dark rooms
Lack of bath or shower
Lack of indoor flushing
toilet

11

22.8

23.9

23.2

25.2

26.2

18.9
7.1
1.7

17.7
6.9
1.3

17.1
7.1
0.9

15.3
6.7
1.4

14.9
7.1
0.8

2.8

2.1

1.3

1.6

0.6

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

24.4

23.6

23.1

23.5

24.2

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

16.7
21.6
19.0
20.6
28.3
22.0
23.1
23.1
26.1
25.2
15.9
19.4
15.7
25.0
21.3
17.1
17.4

18.6
20.8
18.6
20.1
28.1
21.8
23.7
22.9
25.3
22.4
15.5
19.6
14.9
26.0
20.6
18.5
17.4

17.0
20.2
18.4
20.0
27.6
23.4
25.7
23.4
24.7
22.9
17.8
20.2
15.1
24.9
19.6
17.1
16.9

16.6
20.8
19.3
19.7
27.7
21.7
29.9
25.5
24.5
23.6
17.1
20.6
15.1
25.3
20.6
18.3
16.9

16.9
21.0
19.3
19.9
31.0
23.1

27.0
28.2
23.5
16.8
21.4
15.7
24.4
20.6
19.3
17.9

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
UnitedKingdom (UK)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

60.7
16.8
22.6
36.0
28.7
29.4
34.4
45.9
13.9
15.8

44.8
16.3
23.2
33.8
27.6
28.2
30.5
44.2
14.9
15.3

46.2
17.6
22.0
37.4
29.5
29.6
27.8
43.1
15.9
14.0

41.6
18.3
23.1
38.1
33.4
29.9
27.8
41.4
15.0
14.4

49.1
18.9
22.7
40.1
33.4
31.0
27.2
40.3
16.1
15.3

EU-27

Source: Eurostat.
= No data available.

uro area countries: People at-risk-of-poverty


or social exclusion, 2011
32.0
28.0
24.0
20.0
16.0
12.0
EL IT ES PT CY EE MT BE SK DE FR SL FI AT LU NE

120

121

Education

12

Education

122

123

Education

12

1. Primary education (kindergartens): Pupils,


school units and teaching sta, end of
school year 2008/09 - 2011/12
2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils

5,979
13,652
158,290

6,064
13,931
159,502

6,027
13,986
166,233

5,861
14,018
165,931

Public
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils
Pupils per kindergartner

5,660
13,087
147,692
11.3

5,658
13,258
147,606
11.1

5,572
13,278
154,217
11.6

5,401
13,320
154,396
11.6

Private
School units
Teaching sta
Pupils
Pupils per kindergartner

319
565
10,598
18.8

406
673
11,896
17.7

455
708
12,016
17.0

460
698
11,535
16.5

(1) Also including "absent teachers", but only for public kindergartens. "Absent
teachers" are the teachers with a fixed post in the school unit who are absent
for more than 20 working days (due to illness, training, maternity leave, etc.)
and their replacement is pending, as well as the teachers who are seconded
to other administrative posts of the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, Culture and Sports or elsewhere.

Pupils per kindergartner (kindergartens)


20.0
18.0
16.0
14.0
12.0
10.0
2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

Public schools
Private schools

124

125

12

Education

Education

2. Primary education (primary schools): Pupils,


school units and teaching sta, end of
school year 2008/09 - 2011/12

12

3. Secondary education (lower secondary schools): Pupils,


school units and teaching sta, end of
school year 2008/09 - 2011/12

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils

5,496
69,018
637,476

5,440
70,475
635,935

5,356
69,985
634,048

4,746
67,314
633,291

Public
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

5,127
64,977
590,640
9.0

5,075
66,409
589,578
8.9

4,991
66,018
590,203
8.9

Private
School units
Teaching sta
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

369
4,041
46,836
11.6

365
4,066
46,357
11.4

365
3,967
43,845
11.1

2008/09

2011/12

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

Day schools
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils

1,968
51,858
341,315

1,965
52,605
336,938

1,928
49,039
332,005

1,829
45,273
324,402

4,392
63,396
590,070
9.3

Public
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

1,775
48,332
314,413
6.5

1,775
49,202
311,582
6.3

1,747
45,875
308,697
6.7

1,657
42,226
302,116
7.2

354
3,918
43,221
11.0

Private
School units
Teaching sta
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

105
2,487
18,939
7.6

102
2,383
17,966
7.5

99
2,262
16,328
7.2

99
2,197
16,182
7.4

(1) Including teachers, other teaching sta, e.g., foreign language teachers,
music teachers, etc. "Absent teachers" are included only for public schools.
"Absent teachers" are the teachers with a fixed post in the school unit who
are absent for more than 20 working days (due to illness, training, maternity
leave, etc.) and their replacement is pending, as well as the teachers who
are seconded to other administrative posts of the Ministry of Education and
Religious Aairs, Culture and Sports or elsewhere.

Pupils per teacher (primary schools)

Evening schools
Public
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

84
1,003
7,829
7.8

85
1,006
7,293
7.2

79
887
6,909
7.8

72
845
6,069
7.2

Private
School units
Teaching sta
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

4
36
134
3.7

3
14
97
6.9

3
15
71
4.7

1
5
35
7.0

(1) Also including "absent teachers", but only for public lower secondary
schools. "Absent teachers" are the teachers with a fixed post in the school
unit who are absent for more than 20 working days (due to illness, training,
maternity leave, etc.) and their replacement is pending, as well as the teachers who are seconded to other administrative posts of the Ministry of Education and Religious Aairs, Culture and Sports or elsewhere.

14.0

12.0

Pupils per teacher (lower secondary schools)

10.0
12.0
8.0

10.0
8.0

6.0
2008/09

2009/10

2010/11
Public schools
Private schools

2011/12

6.0
4.0
2.0
0.0
2008/09

126

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

Public day schools

Public evening schools

Private day schools

Private evening schools


127

12

Education

Education

5. Tertiary education (technical sector):


Teaching sta, students and graduates, end of
academic year 2007/08 - 2011/12

4. Secondary general education (upper secondary schools):


Pupils, school units and teaching sta, end of
school year 2008/09 - 2011/12
2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

1,338
29,837
247,220

1,320
27,672
247,717

Day schools
1,367
30,683
241,726

School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils

1,361
31,018
247,441

Public
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

1,191
28,051
218,033
7.8

1,192
28,514
223,913
7.8

1,175
27,365
225,010
8.2

1,159
25,318
226,129
8.9

Private
School units
Teaching sta
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

99
1,893
15,818
8.4

92
1,789
15,233
8.5

91
1,739
15,280
8.8

90
1,834
15,344
8.4

Public
School units
Teaching sta(1)
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

12

Teaching sta(1)
Students(2)
Graduates

2007/08

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

10,844
118,347
18,113

10,897
106,390
18,998

11,337
97,310
19,742

10,245
111,909
19,017

(3)6,723
103,511
18,773

(1) It refers to the teaching sta who are appointed to and teach in the specific
departments.
(2) Excluding the students who have completed the years of attendance as
stipulated in relevant legislation, but still have to take an exam for some
courses and who were: 94,674 for 2007/08, 104,834 for 2008/09, 115,736
for 2009/10, 110,748 for 2010/11 and 114,021 for 2011/12.
(3) The reduction mostly refers to the personnel under limited time contract
(Law 3986/2011, article 37, par. 3).

Evening schools
73
705
7,474
10.6

73
683
7,853
11.5

69
650
6,583
10.1

69
499
6,016
12.1

4
34
401
11.8

4
32
442
13.8

3
29
347
12.0

2
21
228
10.9

Students: higher technical sector - universities


180,000

Private
School units
Teaching sta
Pupils
Pupils per teacher

160,000
140,000

(1) Also including "absent teachers", but only for public upper secondary
schools. "Absent teachers" are the teachers with a fixed post in the school
unit who are absent for more than 20 working days (due to illness, training,
maternity leave, etc.) and their replacement is pending, as well as the
teachers who are seconded to other administrative posts of the Ministry of
Education and Religious Aairs, Culture and Sports or elsewhere.

120,000
100,000
80,000

Pupils per teacher (upper secondary schools)


16.0

2007/08

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

Technical sector
Universities

14.0
12.0
10.0
8.0
6.0
2008/09

128

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

Public day schools

Public evening schools

Private day schools

Private evening schools


129

12

Education

Education

6. Tertiary education (universities):


Teaching sta, students and graduates, end of
academic year 2007/08 - 2011/12

Teaching sta(1)
Students(2)
Graduates
Postgraduate students
Received master's
degree (3)
Doctoral students
Received Doctorate

12

7. EU: School expectancy(1), 2007 - 2011


2007

2007/08

2008/9

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

13,328

13,722

13,299

12,626

11,508

165,463
33,719

163,516
31,353

165,443
31,602

168,478
31,711

168,804
31,516

27,497

30,346

31,071

32,247

32,255

7,578

8,352

8,127

8,366

9,695

21,547
1,404

23,841
1,797

22,636
1,892

22,563
1,685

23,371
1,726

(1) It refers to the teaching sta who are appointed to and teaches in the specific departments.
(2) Excluding the students who have completed the years of attendance as
stipulated in relevant legislation, but still have to take an exam for some
courses and who were: 161,591 for 2007/08, 185,465 for 2008/09, 176,393
for 2009/10, 178,826 for 2010/11 and 183,986 for 2011/12.
(3) MSc, MA, MBA, etc.

Postgraduate students - Doctoral students


35,000

30,000

2008

2009

2010

2011

EU-27

17.1

17.2

17.1

17.5

17.5

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

16.4
19.6
16.4
17.5
17.3
18.0
17.4
17.1
17.0
14.8
13.9
14.7
17.7
16.9
16.4
18.3
20.5

16.6
19.6
16.4
17.6
17.9
17.8
17.2
17.1
16.9
15.2
14.0
14.8
17.8
18.4
16.5
18.5
20.5

16.8
19.6
16.3
17.7
...
17.8
17.2
17.1
17.0
15.8
14.0
15.2
17.9
18.7
16.5
18.4
20.4

17.1
19.7
16.4
17.9
18.4
17.7
17.7
17.5
17.0
15.0
14.1
15.6
18.0
18.6
16.6
18.5
20.5

17.1
19.6
16.4
18.1
16.4
17.8
17.2
17.8
16.9
14.9
15.0
16.0
19.0
18.4
16.5
18.4
20.6

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

15.7
19.0
16.2
17.6
17.9
17.8
17.8
15.9
19.8
17.3

15.6
18.8
16.4
17.6
17.9
17.7
17.8
16.3
19.5
17.5

15.5
18.8
16.6
17.5
18.0
17.6
18.0
16.6
19.6
17.6

15.7
19.2
17.0
17.1
17.9
17.6
18.1
16.4
19.9
17.8

16.4
19.6
16.9
18.1
19.1
17.7
18.1
16.1
19.8
18.1

25,000
Source: Eurostat.
... = No data available.
(1) School expectancy corresponds to the expected years of education over a
lifetime and has been calculated adding the single-year enrolment rates for
all ages from the age of 5 years and over.

20,000

15,000
2007/08

2008/09

2009/10

2010/11

2011/12

Postgraduate students
Doctoral students

130

131

12

Education

Health

13

8. EU: Total general government expenditure on education


as a percentage of GDP, 2007 - 2011
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

EU-27

5.1

5.1

5.5

5.5

5.3

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

5.2
5.7
5.5
3.9
3.9
5.9
4.8
4.4
4.6
6.3
4.2
5.3
5.3
6.1
3.9
5.9
5.7

5.4
5.9
5.6
4.0
4.1
6.7
5.3
4.6
4.4
6.8
4.6
5.2
5.5
6.2
3.5
6.1
5.9

5.7
6.2
6.1
4.4
4.3
7.1
5.9
5.1
4.6
7.2
5.3
5.4
5.9
6.8
4.3
6.5
6.6

5.7
6.1
6.1
4.3
4.0
6.8
5.5
4.9
4.5
7.5
5.2
5.7
5.8
7.1
4.5
6.6
6.6

5.6
6.2
6.0
4.2
4.1
6.4
5.1
4.8
4.2
7.2
5.2
5.8
5.8
6.3
4.0
6.7
6.4

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

3.8
6.7
6.1
5.9
5.2
5.5
5.7
3.9
6.7
4.5

4.1
6.9
6.3
6.6
5.8
5.3
5.7
4.5
6.8
4.5

4.3
8.0
6.8
6.8
6.8
5.3
5.6
4.1
7.2
4.8

3.8
8.0
6.8
6.1
6.1
5.6
5.6
3.3
6.9
4.8

3.6
7.8
6.4
5.7
5.8
5.2
5.5
4.1
6.8
4.9

Health

Source: Eurostat.

Euro area countries: Total general government expenditure on


education as a percentage of GDP, 2011
9.0
8.0
7.0
6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0
CY SL EE FI PT BE FR MT NE AT LU IE ES DE IT EL SK

132

133

Health

13

1. Hospitals, beds, health centres and pharmacies per


100,000 inhabitants, 2007 2011

Hospitals
Public
Private
Beds
Health Centres
Pharmacies

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2.8
1.2
1.5
480.6
1.7
84.5

2.8
1.2
1.6
476.5
1.7
91.2

2.8
1.3
1.5
483.9
1.7
92.5

2.7
1.2
1.5
477.6
1.7
95.2

2.8
1.3
1.5
476.6
1.7
100.2

2. Percentage distribution of ESSPROS social protection


expenditures(1), 2007 - 2011
Fuctions
Sickness
Disability
Old age
Survivors(2)
Family
Unemployment
Housing
Social exclusion(3)

2007
28.1
4.9
43.6
8.4
6.2
4.5
2.0
2.3

2008
29.0
4.7
42.4
8.3
6.3
5.1
2.0
2.2

2009
29.1
4.7
41.4
8.2
6.7
5.9
1.8
2.1

2010
29.2
4.7
42.3
7.8
6.4
6.1
1.4
2.2

2011
25.9
4.9
44.0
8.1
6.2
7.4
1.2
2.3

(1) ESSPROS: the European system of integrated social protection statistics, abbreviated as ESSPROS, is a common framework for recording receipts and expenditure of all public and private bodies or schemes involved in social
protection, which include all benefits and allowances provided to individuals
or social groups.
(2) Including persons aged less than the minimum retirement age who have lost
their spouse or close relative on whom they depended economically for their
living, as well as persons who receive a lump sum payment for funeral expenses or any other unfavourable condition they face because of the death
of a family member.
(3) Including most deprived persons, refugees, migrants, drug-addicts or alcoholic persons, victims of criminal actions, etc.

134

135

13

Health

Justice

14

3. Physicians per 1,000 inhabitants by specialty,


2008 - 2012
2008
Total
General medicine
Paediatrics
Obstetrics and gynaecology
Psychiatry
Medical group of specialties
Surgical group of specialties
Other specialties
Dentists

2009

2010

2011

2012

6.0
0.3
0.3

6.1
0.3
0.3

6.1
0.3
0.3

6.2
0.3
0.3

6.3
0.3
0.3

0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2

0.2
0.2

0.3
0.2

0.3
0.2

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.8

1.9

0.9
2.4
1.3

1.0
2.4
1.3

1.0
2.4
1.3

1.0
2.3
1.3

1.1
2.3
1.3

4. Percentage distribution of population by health status,


2008 - 2012
2008

136

2009

2010

2011

2012

General health status


Very good
Good
Fair
Bad
Very bad

52.2
23.9
14.6
6.6
2.7

51.3
24.2
14.9
6.6
3.1

50.1
25.6
14.8
6.7
2.9

50.6
25.8
14.6
6.3
2.7

47.0
28.1
15.7
6.5
2.7

Long-standing health
problems

22.1

22.0

22.6

23.2

23.7

Limitation in activities
because of health
problems
Strongly limited
Limited

8.1
11.5

7.9
10.8

8.0
10.7

8.6
11.4

10.0
12.6

Justice

137

Justice

14

1. Percentage distribution of persons sentenced


by age and gender, 2006 - 2010
2006
Total

50,157

2007

2008

2009

2010

44,931

46,128

45,127

43,135

Male
Total
13 - 17 years old

18 - 20

21 - 24
25 - 29

30 - 34

35 - 44

45 - 59 years old
60 +
Age unknown
Juveniles subjected to
reformative or corrective measures:
up to 12 years old
13 - 17

18 - 20

Juveniles confined in
reformatory institutions:
13 - 17 years old
18 - 20

87.5
1.4
5.6
7.3
12.6
13.3
22.0
22.2
8.2
0.0

88.2
1.7
6.2
8.5
13.8
14.5
21.5
20.8
8.1
0.0

88.2
1.7
7.4
9.8
13.8
14.7
21.4
19.5
7.2
0.0

88.7
2.0
7.0
10.4
14.5
13.7
21.6
19.2
7.5
0.0

88.9
1.2
9.2
10.2
12.7
17.5
21.0
17.9
7.1
0.1

0.2
6.3
0.5

0.1
4.0
0.7

0.1
3.5
0.6

0.1
3.4
0.4

0.1
2.3
0.7

0.3
0.0

0.2
0.0

0.3
0.0

0.2
0.0

0.1
0.0

Total
13 - 17 years old
18 - 20

21 - 24

25 - 29

30 - 34

35 - 44

45 - 59 years old
60 +
Age unknown
Juveniles subjected to
reformative or corrective measures:
up to 12 years old
13 - 17

18 - 20

Juveniles confined in
reformatory institutions:
13 - 17 years old
18 - 20

12.5
0.5
3.3
4.8
9.6
13.1
28.9
26.4
11.1
0.0

11.8
0.7
3.5
3.9
9.3
14.0
28.2
27.9
10.7
0.0

11.8
0.8
4.3
5.3
10.2
14.9
28.1
25.1
9.8
0.0

11.3
0.9
4.2
5.8
10.0
13.5
28.5
25.7
10.2
0.1

11.1
0.4
4.5
6.5
9.3
17.3
27.8
22.8
9.9
0.1

0.1
1.8
0.2

0.0
1.4
0.2

0.0
1.3
0.2

0.1
1.2
0.2

0.0
1.1
0.5

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

Female

138

139

14

Justice

Justice

2. Percentage distribution of persons sentenced by marital


status and educational attainment level, 2006 - 2010

Total

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

50,157

44,931

46,128

45,127

43,135

Marital status
Single
Married with children
Married without children
Widowers or divorced
with children
Widowers or divorced
without children
ot declared

46.7
49.5

47.3
49.2

49.6
47.4

46.9
50.8

48.6
47.7

2.0

1.5

1.2

1.1

2.2

1.7

1.9

1.7

1.1

1.5

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

0.1
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

1.6
54.7
40.3
3.4
0.0

1.8
51.9
43.3
3.0
0.0

Educational attainment level


Illiterate
Primary education
Secondary education
Tertiary education
ot declared

1.3
58.8
36.9
3.0
0.0

2.1
55.4
39.2
3.3
0.0

2.4
55.9
39.3
2.4
0.0

3. Percentage distribution of persons sentenced


for criminal oences by type of penalty, 2006 - 2010

Total
Fine
Prison sentence
Imprisonment:
Temporary
Life
Confined in:
Mental asylum
Reformatory institution
Reformative or corrective measures for juveniles
Penalty, not declared

140

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

50,157

44,931

46,128

45,127

43,135

3.7
88.4
1.2
94.8
5.2
0.3
8.5

4.4
89.4
1.5
95.4
4.6
0.3
2.6

0.9
93.3
1.5
96.6
3.4
0.3
19.4

1.0
93.9
1.4
96.5
3.5
0.2
12.3

1.2
94.5
1.3
97.1
2.9
0.1
14.8

91.5

97.4

80.6

87.7

85.2

6.4
0.0

4.4
0.0

3.9
0.0

3.6
0.0

2.9
0.0

14

4. EU: Crimes(1), 2006 - 2010


Countries
Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

589,495
1,004,097
3,725,588
6,304,223
463,750
51,834
103,178
2,267,114
2,771,490
7,917
25,913
16,527
1,304,325
399,563
115,152
90,354
416,131

594,240
1,016,441
3,589,293
6,284,661
423,422
50,375

2,309,859
2,933,146
7,556
28,252
15,005
1,292,820
398,575
110,802
88,197
435,824

572,695
1,022,682
3,558,329
6,114,128
417,391
50,977

2,396,890
2,709,888
7,341
28,210
13,803
1,266,165
430,486
104,758
81,917
440,711

591,597
1,046,442
3,521,256
6,054,330
386,893
48,359

2,339,203
2,629,831
7,104
32,378
11,953
1,243,285
426,040
104,905
87,465
441,416

535,745
1,050,235

5,933,278
333,988
48,340

2,297,484
2,621,019
8,387
30,532
13,296
1,192,640
422,587
95,252
89,489
431,623

Non-euro area
136,410
134,685
126,673
138,105
147,025
Bulgaria (BG)
425,093
445,271
476,953
491,792
471,088
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK) 5,967,959 5,446,253 5,190,225 4,785,539 4,578,197
62,328
55,620
57,475
56,748
51,108
Latvia (LV)
75,474
67,990
71,972
76,291
70,618
Lithuania (LT)
425,941
426,914
408,407
394,034
447,186
Hungary (HU)
1,287,918 1,152,993 1,082,057 1,129,577 1,151,157
Poland (PL)
232,659
281,457
289,331
299,889
292,682
Romania (RO)
1,224,958 1,306,324 1,377,854 1,405,626 1,370,399
Sweden (SE)
357,391
343,799
332,829
313,387
Czech Republic (CZ) 336,446
Source: Eurostat.
= No data available.
(1) Data refer to all oences, which were recorded by the police.

141

Culture - Tourism

15

Culture - Tourism

142

143

Culture - Tourism

15

1. Museums and archaeological sites, 2008 - 2012


2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Museums
Visitors (in thous.)

110
1,994.9

115
2,814.0

115
3,136.8

156
3,061.5

165
2,975.7

Archaeological sites
Visitors (in thous.)

78
6,217.3

77
5,971.0

81
5,547.1

94
6,517.6

97
6,693.8

2. Art galleries, 2007 - 2011


2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Number of individual
exhibitions
Number of works of art

640
23,542

418
18,261

359
17,072

419
17,791

267
9,041

Number of collective
exhibitions
Number of artists
Number of works of art

290
4,019
18,266

266
5,402
18,098

289
6,962
19,525

319
6.785
20,258

290
5,755
14,233

3. State and municipal theatres and orchestras, 2008 - 2011

Number of plays

of performances

of spectators (in thous.)

2008

2009

2010

2011

1,156
5,153
1,861.6

1,264
5,349
1,965.7

1,260
4,829
1,890.3

1,368
4,674
1,975.7

4. Arrivals of non-residents in Greece by means of transport,


2010 - 2012
2010
Total
By air
By rail
By sea
By road

2011

2012

15,007,490

16,427,247

15,517,622

10,637,307
54,161
1,031,509
3,284,513

11,671,155
3,765
947,848
3,804,479

10,992,903

790,469
3,734,249

... = No data available.

144

145

15

Culture - Tourism

Culture - Tourism

5. Arrivals of non-residents in Greece


by country of origin, 2011 and 2012

15

6. Number of nights spent by Greek and foreign nationals in


hotels and campsites, 2012
Thousands

Countries of origin

2011

2012

Change
%
2012/2011

2012
Regions

Total

16,427,247

15,517,622

-5.5

EUROPE
EU countries
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
France
Germany
Denmark
Estonia
United Kingdom
Ireland
Spain
Italy
Cyprus
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Hungary
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Sweden
Czech Republic
Finland
Albania
Switzerland
Norway
Iceland
Russia
Serbia and Montenegro
Other European countries
ASIA
AFRICA
AMERICA
OCEANIA

14,651,513
10,698,013
310,358
432,625
686,209
1,149,388
2,240,481
244,986
9,862
1,758,093
58,939
154,774
938,232
439,757
7,846
13,666
28,475
1,368
560,723
69,756
450,618
34,642
223,699
41,788
31,130
333,906
309,062
167,632
411,245
361,405
226,627

13,851,064
9,791,909
236,416
326,937
599,110
977,376
2,108,787
205,194
4,757
1,920,794
32,357
155,722
848,073
424,827
15,300
21,601
15,192
2,206
478,483
69,789
254,682
20,483
230,396
44,782
35,721
319,756
289,034
154,134
469,213
299,619
294,114
2,059
874,787
620,450
1,498,913
937,050
37,411
558,728
133,368

-5.5
-8.5
-23.8
-24.4
-12.7
-15.0
-5.9
-16.2
-51.8
9.3
-45.1
0.6
-9.6
-3.4
95.0
58.1
-46.6
61.3
-14.7
0.0
-43.5
-40.9
3.0
7.2
14.7
-4.2
-6.5
-8.1
14.1
-17.1
29.8

738,927
692,059
1,523,236
882,643
38,450
719,661
134,979

Source: Border Survey of the Bank of Greece.

146

18.4
-10.3
-1.6
6.2
-2.7
-22.4
-1.2

2011
Total

Percentage distribution

Bed
occupancy
%

Recentage
change of
overnight
2012/2011

Total

70,848

64,222

100.0

43.1

-9.4

Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki


Kentriki Makedonia
Dytiki Makedonia
Thessalia
Ipeiros
Ionia Nisia
Dytiki Ellada
Sterea Ellada
Peloponnisos
Attiki
Voreio Aigaio
Notio Aigaio
Kriti

1,602
8,071
325
2,022
1,012
7,661
1,752
1,529
2,764
6,914
1,531
17,296
18,369

1,552
7,686
282
1,754
835
7,156
1,461
1,174
2,153
5,745
1,268
15,460
17,696

2.4
12.0
0.4
2.7
1.3
11.1
2.3
1.8
3.4
8.9
2.0
24.1
27.6

29.7
42.1
17.1
25.1
25.1
53.8
27.6
20.3
23.1
33.4
29.8
54.2
57.3

-3.1
-4.8
-13.1
-13.3
-17.5
-6.6
-16.6
-23.3
-22.1
-16.9
-17.2
-10.6
-3.7

Percentage distribution of nights spent by Greek and


foreign nationals in hotels and campsites, 2012
Notio Aigaio
24.1
Kriti
27.6

Voreio Aigaio
2.0
Attiki
8.9
Peloponnisos
3.4
Sterea Ellada
1.8
Dytiki Ellada
2.3
Ionia Nisia
11.1

Anatoliki Makedonia,
Thraki
2.4
Kentriki Makedonia
12.0
Ipeiros Thessalia
2.7
1.3

Dytiki Makedonia
0.4

147

15

Culture - Tourism

Culture - Tourism

7. Overnight stays in all hotel units (except campsites)


and their capacity, 2008 - 2012
Thousands

15

9. EU: Number of resident tourists(1) on personal trips


with at least 4 overnight stays, 2007 - 2011
Thousands

2008
Overnight stays
Greek nationals
Foreign nationals
Hotel units:
Units
Rooms
Beds

2009

2010

2011

2012

64,074
16,840
47,234

64,292
18,367
45,925

65,059
16,815
48,244

69,138
15,370
53,768

62,887
12,441
50,446

9,385
375,067
715,857

9,559
383,008
732,279

9,732
397,660
763,407

9,648
361,587
763,668

9,661
399,037
767,756

8. Number of resident tourists on personal trips


with at least 4 overnight stays, 2007 - 2011
2007
Total

2008

2009

2010

2011

4,040,329 4,106,151 3,976,570 3,476,412 3,088,142

Males
Female
Age group:
15 24 years
25 44
45 64
65 and over

1,991,331
2,048,997

2,033,086
2,073,065

1,937,506
2,039,064

1,683,081 1,481,178
1,793,331 1,606,964

675,608
1,654,914
1,180,664
529,142

675,496
1,664,071
1,183,699
582,884

647,404
1,588,623
1,145,644
594,899

639,533 468,076
1,302,349 1,228,671
1,010,292 903,358
524,238 488,036

S o u r c e : Quarterly Vacation Survey conducted in resident households


of Greece.

Number of resident tourists on personal trips with at


least 4 overnight stays (in thousands)
4,500

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

Countries

4,094
3,962
34,065
44,993
4,040
371

16,551
24,932
568
250

9,153
1,726

1,066
2,638

4,286
4,140
34,044
44,715
4,106
385

16,612
23,673
579
306
121
9,355
1,528
2,367
1,037
2,560

4,160
4,255
34,052
46,598
3,977
444

16,261
25,071
586
314
141
9,346
2,284
2,365
1,016
2,557

4,180
4,317
33,380
46,369
3,476
639

14,875
24,580
586
254
146
9,644
2,059
2,416
996
2,583

4,275
4,402
33,726
47,635
3,088
667

15,831

603
295
127
9,697
2,016
2,193
1,036
2,650

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Croatia (HR)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

2,756
29,005
1,326
365
771
2,866
10,990
5,086
5,765
4,768

1,126
2,942
29,087
1,309
391
1,037
4,365
11,747
5,264
5,938
4,574

1,468
2,912
29,105
1,420
345
839
3,838
11,841
5,213
5,851
4,827

1,086
2,974
30,934
1,428
346
890
4,038
10,766
4,289
6,073
5,519

1,117
3,096
29,998
1,161
463
976
4,112
10,227
5,031
6,177
5,235

Source: Eurostat.
... = No data available.
(1) Data refer to resident tourists aged 15 years and over.

4,000

3,500

3,000
2007

148

2008

2009

2010

2011

149

Information and communication technologies

16

Information and communication


technologies

150

151

Information and communication technologies

16

1. Percentage f population making use of PC and having


internet access, 2008 - 2012(1)
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Population aged 16 - 74
using PC

44.4

47.3

48.4

54.3

55.5

Population aged 16 - 74
accessing the internet

38.2

42.4

44.4

51.7

55.1

(1) Data refer to the 1st quarter of the corresponding years.

Percentage of population making use of PC and


having internet access
60.0
55.0
50.0
45.0
40.0
35.0
30.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

PC use
Internet access

152

153

16

Information and communication technologies

Information and communication technologies

2. Percentage of households with internet access at home,


2008 - 2012
2008
Households with internet access at home
Internet connection via
modem (dial up access over normal
telephone line) or
ISDN
Broadband connection
(DSL, UMTS, cable,
etc.)

31.0

2009

38.1

2010

2011

46.4

3. Percentage f population using the internet, by type of


activity, 2008 - 2012(1)

2012

50.2

53.6

27.7

11.9

10.2

9.4

4.8

72.5

87.0

88.8

90.5

96.2

Percentage of households with internet access at home


60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0

2008
Communication
Sending / receiving emails
Telephoning over the
internet
Social networking

10.0
0.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Percentage of households with internet access at home,


by type of connection
100.0
80.0
60.0

2009

2010

2011

2012

67.3

72.9

72.6

...

74.9

21.9
34.7

21.5
42.3

21.5
46.9

31.8
54.3

37.9
58.5

81.4

77.8

80.8

74.9

82.5

49.4

50,0

57.2

72.9

77.2

45.6

58.1

57.1

51.4

37.9

27.1

35.2

50.1

58.5

...

32.8

27.6

27.6

39.3

...

...

45.2

41.1

...

50.0

Internet banking

13.2

12.7

12.8

16.6

16.6

E-government
Obtaining information
from public authorities websites
Downloading ocial
forms
Sending filled in forms

23,0

25.2

24.5

42.2(2)

50.7(3)

10.5
9.4

13.4
9.5

12.2
10.0

28.4(2)
23.8(2)

30.6(3)
32.1(3)

Information search
and online services
Finding information
about goods and
services
Reading / downloading
news papers and
magazines
Using services related
to travel and accommodation
Finding information or
using health related
services
Training / education
Using services related
to training / education
Playing / downloading
games and music

20.0

16

... = No data available.


(1) Data refer to the 1st quarter of the corresponding years.
(2) Data refer to the period from April 2010 to March 2011.
(3) Data refer to the period from April 2011 to March 2012.

40.0
20.0
0.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Broadband connection (DSL, UMTS, cable, etc.)


Internet connection via modem (dial up access over
normal telephone line) or ISDN

154

155

16

Information and communication technologies

Information and communication technologies

4. Percentage f population having bought / ordered goods or


services over the internet, 2008 - 2012(1)
2008
Population aged 16 - 74
having bought / ordered goods or services
over the internet

13.7

2009

16.2

2010

18.4

2011

23.6

(1) Data refer to the 1st quarter of the corresponding years.

Percentage of population having bought / ordered goods or


services over the internet
30.0

25.0

20.0

15.0

10.0
2008

2009

2010

2011

5. EU: Percentage of households with internet access at home,


2008 - 2012

2012

26.9

2012

16

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

EU-27

60

66

70

73

76

Euro area
Austria (AT)
Belgium (BE)
France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Greece (EL)
Estonia (EE)
Ireland (IE)
Spain (ES)
Italy (IT)
Cyprus (CY)
Luxembourg (LU)
Malta (MT)
Netherlands (NE)
Portugal (PT)
Slovakia (SK)
Slovenia (SL)
Finland (FI)

69
64
62
75
31
58
63
51
47
43
80
59
86
46
58
59
72

70
67
69
79
38
63
67
54
53
53
87
64
90
48
62
64
78

73
73
74
82
46
68
72
59
59
54
90
70
91
54
67
68
81

75
77
76
83
50
71
78
64
62
57
91
75
94
58
71
73
84

79
78
80
85
54
75
81
68
63
62
93
77
94
61
75
74
87

Non-euro area
Bulgaria (BG)
Denmark (DK)
United Kingdom (UK)
Latvia (LV)
Lithuania (LT)
Hungary (HU)
Poland (PL)
Romania (RO)
Sweden (SE)
Czech Republic (CZ)

25
82
71
53
51
48
48
30
84
46

30
83
77
58
60
55
59
38
86
54

33
86
80
60
61
60
63
42
88
61

45
90
83
64
62
65
67
47
91
67

51
92
87
69
62
69
70
54
92
65

Source: Eurostat.

Euro area countries: Percentage of households with


interntet access at home, 2012
100.0
80.0
60.0
40.0
20.0
0.0
NE LU FI DE IE FR AT BE MT EE SK SL ES IT CY PT EL

156

157

158

159

160

GREECE
in figures
special edition
w w w . s t a t i s t i c s . g r

HELLENIC STATISTICAL AUTHORITY