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Monday September 30, 2013

Weekends

Review notes
Test make ups Thursday, after school, Rices Room Write this link down! schoonoverwh.weebly.com Computer lab No food/drink Bring everything with you Take everything with you when you leave Push your chairs in

Friday September 27th, 2013


Grab the worksheet as you enter!

Weekends?
Agenda Library expectations
No food or drink Stay on task Stay in the lab

Assignment

Friday September 27th, 2013


Grab the note packet as you enter

Weekends?
The Muslim World Activity Think-Pair-Share

Notes Chapter 10, Section 1

Think, Pair, Share


Think
You

already did this by completing your sheet

Pair
With

the person behind you, compare your answers If you do not have something that your partner has, put it in your chart
Share
Lets

compile our own list of names, places, events and ideas to place in our 4 squares If you do not have something said, put it in your own!

Tolerance of other cultures and a focus on learning

help Muslim leaders build an empire that includes parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Essential Question: Explain how Islam helped extend the legacy of the Muslim Empire past its establishment.

Chapter 10 Section 1
THE RISE OF ISLAM

Breakin it down
Main Idea: Muhammad unified the Arab people

both politically and through the religion of Islam. Why it Matters: As the worlds fastest-growing major religion, Islam has a strong impact on the lives of millions today.

Deserts Towns and Trade Routes


The Arabian Peninsula

A crossroads of three continents: Africa, Asia, and Europe Mostly desert with small amount of fertile land Bedouins, Arab nomads, thrive in the desert Bedouins live in clans, which give support to members Some Arabs settle near oases or market towns

Desert and Town Life


Deserts Towns and Trade Routes


Crossroads of Trade and Ideas

Many sea and land trade routes pass through Arabia Trade extends to the Byzantine and Sassanid empires to the north Pilgrims come to Mecca to worship at the Kaaba, an ancient shrine Arabs associate shrine with Hebrew prophet Abraham and monotheism Some tribes worship many gods and spirits, bring idols to Kaaba Some Arabs believe in one GodAllah in Arabic

Mecca

Muhammad Prophet of Islam


Early Life

Around A.D. 570 Muhammad is born into a powerful Meccan clan Becomes a trader, marries wealthy businesswoman, Khadijah By age 40, Muhammad spends much time in prayer and meditation He hears angel Gabriel tell him he is a messenger of Allah Muhammad founds religion of Islam submission to the will of Allah Many join him and become Muslimone who has submitted

Revelations

Muhammad Prophet of Islam


The Hijrah

Muhammads followers are attacked; together they leave Mecca in 622 Hijrahthe Muslim migration from Mecca to Yathrib (renamed Medina) Muhammad attracts many more followers, becomes great leader:

political leaderjoins Jews and Arabs of Medina as a single community religious leaderdraws more converts to Islam military leadertackles growing hostilities between Mecca and Medina

Returning to Mecca

In 630, Muhammad and 10,000 followers return to Mecca Meccan leaders surrender Muhammad destroys idols in Kaaba Meccans convert to Islam Muhammad unifies Arabian Peninsula

Beliefs and Practices of Islam


Islam

The main teaching of Islam is that there is only one god, Allah People are responsible for their own actions; there is good and evil Islamic monument in JerusalemDome of the Rock Muslims believe Muhammad rose to heaven here to learn Allahs will Jews believe Abraham was prepared to sacrifice son Isaac at same site

The Five Pillars

Muslims must carry out five dutiesthe Five Pillars of Islam


statement of faith to Allah and to Muhammad as his prophet pray five times a day, can use a mosqueIslamic house of worship give alms, or money for the poor fast between dawn and sunset during holy month of Ramadan perform the hajjpilgrimage to Meccaat least once

Continued
A Way of Life

Customs and traditions guide Muslims lives Scholar class, ulama, and teachers apply religion to life; no priests Original source of authority for Muslims is Allah Quranholy book, contains revelations Muhammad received from Allah Muslims follow SunnaMuhammads example for proper living Guidance of Quran and Sunna assembled in body of law sharia

Sources of Authority

Continued

Links to Judaism and Christianity


To Muslims, Allah is same God worshiped by Christians and Jews Quran, Gospels, Torahcontain Gods will as revealed through others Muslims, Christians, and Jews trace their roots to Abraham All three religions believe in heaven, hell, and a day of judgment Sharia law requires Muslim leaders to extend religious tolerance

4 Square
Take out your 4 square activity

Work to complete those


They are due tomorrow