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PREFACE

Background
DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics),referredtohereafteras DCRM(G),is...[needtoaddtexthere]
[AddinfoaboutrecognizingRDAiscoming,etc.;mentiondatesass/ththats differentfromGM...]

ChangesfromGraphicMaterials
ThemostsignificantchangesfromGraphicMaterialsare...[incompleteworkinglist follows,innoparticularorder;needstoberephrasedasparagraph.

bibliographicconceptoftheperfectcopy(forsharedcataloging environment) emphasisontranscription(e.g.insufficientlydescriptivetitlesnow gettranscribed,notreplacedbyasupplieddescriptivetitle;ditto severelyabbreviatedtitles,withaddedtitleaccess,e.g.prefacedby descriptivetitle:) inclusionofISBDsarea2,editionarea,herecalledstatearea borndigitalimages instructionsforcollectionlevelrecordsgroupedasanappendix

DifferencesfromotherDCRMmanuals
[Include:UnlikesomeoftheexistingorprojectedmanualsintheDCRMsuite, coversbothpublishedandunpublishedmaterial]

Acknowledgments
ManypeoplehavecontributedtheirtimeandeffortincreatingDCRM(G).Members oftheBibliographicStandardsCommitteesincecreatingDCRM(G)wasauthorized inJanuary2008: MarciaH.Barrett AnnW.Copeland ErinC.Blake DavidM.Faulds RandalS.Brandt RyanHildebrand

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

PREFACE
MarthaLawler M.WinslowLundy KateMoriarty AnnMyers JenniferK.Nelson MargaretF.Nichols NinaSchneider

StephenSkuce JamesStephenson BruceTabb EduardoTenenbaum AlexThurman SeannaTsung

[Acknowledgmenttexttogohere.SpecialthankstoMarcyFlynn.Institutionsto thank:CatholicUniversityofAmerica[emaillisthost],DenverPublicLibrary [meetingspace],FolgerShakespeareLibrary[meetingspace,refreshments],Library ofCongressPrints&PhotographsDivision[meetingspace,conferencecalls], NewberryLibrary[meetingspace],SimmonsCollege[meetingspace];People(other thanBSCmembers)tothankforreadingdrafts,supplyingexamples,andtesting: AlisonBridger,SandraCarpenter,BethAnnGuynn,AnnaMalicka,Michelle Mascaro,KarenMeyerRoux,KarenNipps,CarolPardo,ElisabethBetzParker,Erika Piola,E.DeverPowell,ElizabethRobinson,KarenSigler,BettinaSmith,Debra Wynn;Organizationstothank:SAAStandardsCommittee]

[NameofBSCChair] Chair,RBMSBibliographicStandardsCommittee [Dateoffinaltext]

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

INTRODUCTION
Contents: I. Scopeandpurpose II. Relationshiptootherstandards III. Objectivesandprinciples IV. Options V. Languagepreferences VI. Spellingandstyle VII. Acronyms VIII. Examplesandnotes IX. Integrityoftheitem X. Precatalogingdecisions

I.Scopeandpurpose
I.1.DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials DCRM(G)isthenthofseveralmanualsprovidingspecializedcatalogingrules forvariousformatsofrarematerialstypicallyfoundinrarebook,manuscript, andspecialcollectionrepositories.Thetermrarematerialsreferstoanygroup ofmaterialsthatrepositorieshavechosentodistinguishfromgeneralmaterials bythewaysinwhichtheyhouse,preserve,orcollectthem.Rarityinthenarrow senseofscarcemayormaynotbeafeatureofthesematerials.Together,these manualsformDescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(DCRM),anoverarching conceptratherthanapublicationinitsownright.DCRMcomponentmanuals forx,y,andzareinpreparation.OthercomponentswillbeaddedtotheDCRM familyastheyaredeveloped. I.2.DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics) DCRM(G)providesguidelinesandinstructionsfordescriptivecatalogingof graphicmaterialsreceivingspecialtreatmentwithinarepository,Graphic materialsreferstostillimagesofalltypes,suchasprints,drawings, photographs,posters,postcards,pictorialadvertisements,cartoons,comicstrips, portraits,landscapes,bookillustrations,borndigitalpictures,etc..Special treatmentusuallyresultsfromtherarity,continuingvalue,orpotentialinterest (aesthetic,iconographical,documentary)ofthematerials.DCRM(G)maybeused forgraphicmaterialsofanyageortypeofproduction,publishedor

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

INTRODUCTION unpublished.Manuscriptandprintedresourcesdescribedprimarilyfortheir textual,musical,orcartographiccontentratherthantheirgraphiccontentareout ofscope.DCRM(G)isnotintendedasaninstructionalmanualintechniques necessarytoidentify,process,ororganizegraphiccollections. I.3.Needforspecialrules Usersofgraphicmaterialsinspecialcollectionsoftenrequireagreaterlevelof descriptivedetailthanusersofvisualresourcesingeneralcollections.Additional guidancehelpscatalogerstranslatevisualinformationintoaconsistentverbal descriptionofthematerialsimagecontentandphysicalnature.Resulting descriptionspermitthereadyidentificationofindividualinstancesofaresource, andprovideamoreexactdescriptionoftheresourceasanartifact. I.4.Scopeofapplication DCRM(G)isespeciallyappropriateforthedescriptionofgraphicmaterials collectedforpurposesofdetailedstudy,whetherofvisualcontentorphysical processesorformats. Theserulesmaybeappliedcategoricallytographicmaterialbasedongenre, format,dateorplaceofpublicationorproduction(e.g.,allwatercolors),ormay beappliedselectively(e.g.,allmoviepostersproducedbefore1950;or photographicprintsdepictingSouthDakotaBadlands),accordingtothe administrativepolicyoftheinstitution,whichmaychoosetocatalogsomeorall ofitsholdingsatamoredetailedlevelofdescriptionthanthatprovidedforin AACR2.(SeeintroductorysectionX.1fordiscussiononchoosingappropriate catalogingcodesandlevels.) I.5.Applicationwithinthebibliographicrecord Theserulescontaininstructionsforthedescriptiveelementsinbibliographic recordsonly.Theydonotaddresstheconstructionandassignmentofcontrolled headingsusedasmainandaddedentries,althoughbriefinstructionsrelatingto headingsandotheraccesspointsdoappearthroughout(e.g.,AppendixFis entirelydevotedtorecommendationsforuncontrolledtitleaddedentries).

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INTRODUCTION

II.Relationshiptootherstandards
II.1.AACR2,ISBD,RDA,andotherbibliographiccatalogingdocumentation Asarevisionofthe1982publicationGraphicMaterials,DCRM(G)isbasedon AACR2asamendedbytheLibraryofCongressRuleInterpretations(LCRI),aswell asonthepreliminaryconsolidatededitionofISBD.DCRM(G)deviatesin substancefromAACR2andLCRIonlywhenrequiredbytheparticular descriptiveneedsofgraphicmaterialsinspecialcollections. RefertoAACR2andLCRIforguidanceandinstructionsonmattersof descriptionnotcoveredinDCRM(G).TherelevantsectionsofAACR2andLCRI mustbeconsultedforrulesgoverningnameanduniformtitleheadingstobe usedasaccesspointsforartists,engravers,photographers,printers,series,etc., aswellasothertypesofaccesspointsthatmayberequired.Forsubjectheadings, numerouscontrolledvocabulariesareavailable;withintheUnitedStates,the subjectheadingsoftheLibraryofCongressarewidelyused.Consult classificationdocumentationforassignmentofcallnumbers.Forgenre/form headings,consulttheLibraryofCongresssThesaurusforGraphicMaterials,the ArtandArchitectureThesaurus,orotherauthorizedthesauriasappropriate.1 CatalogingagenciesthatadoptRDAshouldrefertoRDAinlieuofAACR2as appropriate.SeealsoIV,below. II.2.RelationshiptoArchival,DigitalLibrary,Museum,andVisualResources DescriptiveStandards [CompanionstandardtoDACS;differentstandardfromCCO,etc.]


TheRBMSBibliographicStandardsCommitteehasproducedspecializedthesauriincluding: BindingTerms;GenreTerms;PaperTerms;PrintingandPublishingEvidence;ProvenanceEvidence;and TypeEvidence.Thesethesaurimayproveusefulindescribingspecificaspectsofsomegraphic materialresources.
1

INTRODUCTION II.3.MARC21 MARC21FormatforBibliographicDataisthepresumedformatforpresentation andcommunicationofmachinereadablecataloging.UseofDCRM(G),however, neednotberestrictedtoamachineenvironment,andMARC21isnot mandatory.ExamplesinthebodyofDCRM(G)areshownusingISBD punctuation;useofMARC21codingappearsonlyinsomeoftheappendixes. CatalogersusingMARC21shouldfollowMARC21documentationforinput, andbeawareofhowtheirbibliographicsystemsinterpretMARC21codesto automaticallygeneratedisplayfeatures.Thisusuallymeans,forexample,that thecatalogeromitspunctuationbetweenareas,parenthesesenclosingaseries statement,andcertainwordsprefacingformalnotes.

III.Objectivesandprinciples
TheinstructionscontainedinDCRMareformulatedaccordingtotheobjectives andprinciplessetforthbelow.Theseobjectivesandprinciplesseektoarticulate thepurposeandnatureofspecializedcatalogingrulesforrarematerials.They areinformedbylongacceptedconceptsinbibliographicscholarshipandthe AngloAmericancatalogingtradition,aswellasbymorerecenttheoreticalwork importanttotheconstructionandrevisionofcatalogingcodes,namelythe InternationalFederationofLibraryAssociationsandInstitutionsFunctional RequirementsforBibliographicRecords(FRBR)andElaineSvenoniussThe IntellectualFoundationofInformationOrganization.Assuch,theobjectivesand principlesarealsoinconformitywiththeIFLAStatementofInternational CataloguingPrinciples(2009).Itishopedthattheseobjectivesandprincipleswill providecatalogers,andadministratorsofcatalogingoperations,withabetter understandingoftheunderlyingrationaleforDCRMinstructions. III.1.FunctionalobjectivesofDCRM Theprimaryobjectivesincatalogingrarematerialsarenodifferentfromthosein catalogingothermaterials.Theseobjectivesfocusonmeetinguserneedstofind, identify,select,andobtainmaterials.However,usersofrarematerialsoften bringspecializedrequirementstothesetasksthatcannotbemetbygeneral catalogingrules,suchasthosecontainedinthelatestrevisionofAACR2.In addition,thestandardproductionpracticesassumedingeneralcatalogingrules donotalwaysapplytorarematerials.ThefollowingDCRMobjectivesare designedtoaccommodatetheseimportantdifferences.

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INTRODUCTION III.1.1.Usersmustbeabletodistinguishclearlyamongdifferent manifestationsofanexpressionofawork Theabilitytodistinguishamongdifferentmanifestationsofanexpressionofa workiscriticaltotheusertasksofidentifyingandselectingbibliographic resources.IngeneralcatalogingcodeslikeAACR2,itisassumedthat abbreviatedandnormalizeddescriptionandtranscriptionissufficientto distinguishamongmanifestations.Usersofrarematerials,however,often requirefuller,morefaithfuldescriptionsandtranscriptions,greaterdetailinthe physicaldescriptionarea,andcarefulrecordingofvariousdistinguishingpoints inthenotearea,inordertoidentifyseparatemanifestations.Additionally,users ofrarematerialsaretypicallyinterestedindrawingfinerdistinctionsamong variantswithinmanifestationsthanareusersofothermaterials,manyalso needingtodistinguishbetweeninstancesattheitemlevel. III.1.2.Usersmustbeabletoperformmostidentificationandselectiontasks withoutdirectaccesstothematerials Usersofrarematerialsfrequentlyperformidentificationandselectiontasks undercircumstancesthatrequirethebibliographicdescriptiontostandasa detailedsurrogatefortheitem(e.g.,consultationfromadistance,limitedaccess duetothefragileconditionoftheitem,inabilitytophysicallybrowsecollections housedinrestrictedareas,etc.).Suchdescriptionsalsoassistinretrievalof surrogatesforsuchitems.Accuracyofbibliographicrepresentationincreases subsequentefficiencyforbothusersandcollectionmanagers.Thesameaccuracy contributestothelongtermpreservationofthematerialsthemselves,by reducingunnecessarycirculationandexaminationofmaterialsthatdonot preciselymeetusersrequirements. III.1.3.Usersmustbeabletoinvestigatephysicalprocessesandpost productionhistoryandcontextexemplifiedinmaterialsdescribed Usersofrarematerialsroutinelyinvestigateavarietyofartifactualandpost productionaspectsofmaterials.Forexample,theymaywanttolocatematerials thatarerelatedbyillustrationprocesses,provenance,genre/form,etc.Theability ofuserstoidentifymaterialsthatfitthesecriteriadependsuponfullandaccurate descriptionsandtheprovisionofappropriateaccesspoints.

INTRODUCTION III.1.4.Usersmustbeabletogainaccesstomaterialswhoseproductionor presentationcharacteristicsdifferfrommodernconventions Inordertodistinguishamongmanifestations,generalcatalogingcodeslike AACR2relyonexplicitbibliographicevidencepresentedinconventionalform. Inrarematerials,fullerdescriptionwilloftenberequiredinordertodistinguish amongdifferentmanifestations.Otherwise,thatwhichisbibliographically significantmaythusbeobscured.

III.2.PrinciplesofDCRMconstruction
Tomeettheobjectiveslistedabove,DCRMreliesuponthefollowingsix principles.Theseprinciplesareinfluencedbythegeneralprinciplesof bibliographicdescriptionofferedbySvenonius:userconvenience; representation;sufficiencyandnecessity;standardization;andintegration. III.2.1.Rulesprovideguidancefordescriptionsthatallowuserstodistinguish clearlyamongdifferentmanifestationsofanexpressionofawork Thisprinciplederivesfromthegeneralprincipleofuserconvenienceandhas implicationsforallareasofthebibliographicdescription.Theprinciplerelatesto objective1statedabove. III.2.2.Rulesprovideforaccuraterepresentationsoftheentityasitdescribes itself,notablythroughinstructionsregardingtranscription, transposition,andomission Thisprinciplederivesfromthegeneralprinciplesofrepresentation(withits relatedsubprincipleofaccuracy)andofstandardization.Preciserepresentation isofparticularrelevanceinthoseareasofthedescriptionthatrequire transcription(thetitleandstatementofresponsibilityarea,thepublication, distribution,creation,etc.,area,andtheseriesarea),butshouldnotbeignoredin thephysicaldescriptionandnoteareas.Thegeneralprinciplesofrepresentation andstandardizationstandingreatertensionwitheachotherwhencataloging rarematerials.Faithfulnesstobothprinciplesisparticularlychallengingwhen attemptingtotranslatevisualinformationintoverbaldescription,andmay requiredescriptiveandannotativetreatmentnecessarilyexceedingthenorms (andattimesthevocabulary)establishedassufficientforthedescriptionof generalmaterials.Theprinciplerelatestoobjectives2and4statedabove. III.2.3.Rulesprovideguidancefortheinclusionofmanifestationspecificand 14 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

INTRODUCTION itemspecificinformationthatpermitsuserstoinvestigatephysical processesandpostproductionhistoryandcontextexemplifiedinthe itemdescribed Thisprinciplederivesfromthegeneralprincipleofsufficiencyandnecessity (withitsrelatedsubprincipleofsignificance).Applicationoftheprinciple requiresthatrulesforrarematerialscatalogingprovideadditionalguidanceon accesspoints,particularlyincaseswheresuchinformationisnotintegraltothe manifestation,expression,orworkdescribed.Rulesforitemspecificinformation appearinginthenoteareamayrecommendstandardformsforpresentationof information(addressingthegeneralprincipleofuserconvenienceanditsrelated subprincipleofcommonusage).Applicationofsuchrulespresumesbothausers needforsuchinformationandacatalogersabilitytoproperlyrecognizeand describesuchaspects.Theprinciplerelatestoobjective3statedabove. III.2.4.Rulesprovidefortheinclusionofallelementsofbibliographical significance GeneralcatalogingcodeslikeAACR2routinelystriveforbothbrevityand clarity,principlesaffiliatedwiththegeneralprincipleofsufficiency.In describingrarematerials,toogreatanemphasisonbrevitymaybecomethe occasionforinsufficiencyandlackofclarity.Brevityofdescriptionmaybe measuredbestagainstthefunctionalrequirementsoftheparticularbibliographic descriptionratherthanagainsttheaveragephysicallengthofotherbibliographic descriptionsinthecatalog.Thetensionbetweenrulesforrarematerialsthat promoteaccuraterepresentationofanitemandyetdonotexceedthe requirementsofsufficiencyisgreat.Referencetotheprincipleofuser conveniencemayoffercorrectresolutionofsuchtensions.Thisprincipleis relatedtoalloftheobjectivesstatedabove. III.2.5.Rulesconformtothesubstanceandstructureofthelatestrevisionof AACR2totheextentpossible;ISBDservesasasecondaryreference point Thisprinciplerelatestogeneralprinciplesofstandardizationanduser convenience(withthelatterssubprincipleofcommonusage).DCRMassumes thatusersofbibliographicdescriptionsconstructedinaccordancewithits provisionsoperateincontextswhereAACR2(oftenasinterpretedandapplied bytheLibraryofCongress)istheacceptedstandardforthecatalogingofgeneral materials.Therefore,DCRMusesexistingAACR2vocabularyinamanner

INTRODUCTION consistentwithAACR2;anyadditionalspecializedvocabularynecessaryfor descriptionandaccessofrarematerialsoccursinaclearandconsistentmanner inDCRMrules,appendixes,andglossaryentries.DCRMdoesnotintroduce rulesthatarenotrequiredbydifferencesexpectedbetweenrareandgeneral materials.NumberingofareaswithinDCRMconformstothestructureofISBD asimplementedinAACR2.WhenanexistingAACR2rulesatisfiesthe requirementsofcatalogingrarematerials,DCRMtextismodeledonAACR2text (substitutingexamplesdrawnfromrarematerialsforillustration).Incaseswhere thelanguageofAACR2isnotpreciseenoughtoconveynecessarydistinctionsor mayintroduceconfusionwhendealingwithrarematerials,DCRMusescarefully consideredalternativewording.WordingofrelevantISBDstandardswasalso consideredwhendeviatingfromAACR2. III.2.6.RulesarecompatiblewithGraphicMaterialsexceptincaseswhere changesarenecessarytoalignmorecloselytocurrentrevisionsof AACR2ortoconformtotheaboveprinciples Thisprinciplerelatestogeneralprinciplesofstandardizationanduser convenience(withthelatterssubprincipleofcommonusage).DCRMassumes thatusersofbibliographicdescriptionsconstructedinaccordancewithits provisionsoperateincontextswheregraphicmaterialsinspecialcollectionswere cataloged,untilrecently,usingGraphicMaterials.Therefore,changestoGraphic Materialscatalogingpracticeswereintroducedonlyaftercarefulconsiderationof thevalueornecessityofsuchchanges.

IV.Options
Availableoptionsareindicatedinoneoffourways.

Optionallyintroducesanalternativetreatmentofanelement. Ifconsideredimportantindicatesthatmoreinformationmaybe addedinanote,andthussignalschoicesformoreorlessdepthinthe description.Thisphrasecoverstheentirerangebetweenbestpractice ontheoneend,andhighlyspecializedpracticesontheother. Alternativeruledesignatesanalternativeoptionwhichaffectsallor severalareasofthedescription,andwhichmustbeusedconsistently throughout.InDCRM(G),alternativerulesapplytothetranscription oforiginalpunctuationandtothecreationofseparaterecordsfor individualinstancesofamanifestation,orimagessharingasupport, DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

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INTRODUCTION andtothecreationofsinglerecordsformultiplestatesofaprint.

RDAalternative designatesanalternativeoptionappropriatefor institutionsfollowingRDAinsteadofAACR2innondescriptive portionsoftherecord.JustasthedefaultDCRM(G)instructions deviateinsubstancefromAACR2andLCRIonlywhenrequiredby theparticulardescriptiveneedsofgraphicmaterialsinspecial collections,thesealternativesdonotunnecessarilydifferfromRDA andLCPS.

Thecatalogingagencymaywishtoestablishpoliciesandguidelinesonthe applicationofoptions,leavetheuseofoptionstothediscretionofthecataloger, oruseacombinationofthetwo.

V.Languagepreferences
DCRM(G)iswrittenforanEnglishspeakingcontext.Catalogingagencies preparingdescriptionsinthecontextofadifferentlanguageshouldreplace instructionsandguidelinesprescribingorimplyingtheuseofEnglishintotheir preferredlanguage(see4B34,4B812,4E,andareas5and7).

VI.Spellingandstyle
DCRM(G)usesMerriamWebstersCollegiateDictionary,eleventhedition,asits authorityinmattersofspelling,andinmattersofstyle,thefifteentheditionof theChicagoManualofStyle.

VII.Acronyms
AACR2 BIBCO BSR CC:DA AngloAmericanCataloguingRules,secondedition MonographicBibliographicProgramofthePCC BIBCOStandardRecord CommitteeonCataloging:DescriptionandAccess,Associationfor LibraryCollectionsandTechnicalServices,AmericanLibrary Association DescriptiveCatalogingofRareBooks DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics) InternationalStandardBibliographicDescription

DCRB DCRM DCRM(G) ISBD

INTRODUCTION LC LCPS LCRI PCC RBMS RDA LibraryofCongress LibraryofCongressPolicyStatements LibraryofCongressRuleInterpretations ProgramforCooperativeCataloging RareBooksandManuscriptsSection,AssociationofCollegeand ResearchLibraries,AmericanLibraryAssociation ResourceDescriptionandAccess

VIII.Examplesandnotes
VIII.1.Examples.Theexamplesarenotinthemselvesprescriptive,butaremeant toprovideamodelofreliableapplicationandinterpretationoftherulein question.Aword,phrase,element,orentireareamaybeillustrated;ISBD punctuationisgivenasneededonlyfortheportionillustrated. VIII.2.Notes.Theinstructionsandguidelinesinarea7arewritteninimperative form.Thisdoesnotimplythatallnotesarerequired;onthecontrary,mostnotes arenot(see7A1.5).ConsulttheotherareasofDCRM(G)inordertoascertain whatisrequiredandwhatisoptionalinanygivensituation(see7A1).The conventionsfornotesincludedaspartoftheexamplesareasfollows.

Noteindicatesthatthenoteisrequiredifapplicabletothesituation. Optionalnoteindicatesthatthenoteisnotrequired.Thelabelingofa noteasoptionalintheserulescarriesnojudgmentaboutits importance(seeintroductorysectionIV);certainnotesdesignatedas optionalmayinfactbealmostuniversallyapplied. Localnoteindicatesanotedescribingitemspecificinformationwhich isrequiredifapplicabletothesituation(see7B19). Optionallocalnoteindicatesthatthenoteconcernsitemspecific informationnotaffectingareas16.Itisnotrequired,butmustbe clearlyidentifiedasalocalnoteaccordingtotheprovisionsof7B19.1.1. Itemspecificinformationthatdoesaffectareas16,suchasbasingthe descriptionofpublishedmaterialonanimperfectitem(see0B2.2),is requiredandrecordedinageneralnote. Commentprefacesdetailsneededtoadequatelyexplaintheexample, andarenottobeconfusedwithnotesappearingwithinthe bibliographicaldescription.

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IX.Integrityoftheitem(imperfections)
Agreatervulnerabilitytodamage,defect,andlossmeansthatrarematerials, especiallyoldermaterials,arelesslikelythanmodernmaterialstobeinaperfect orcompleteconditionwhentheyreachthecataloger.Oneofthecatalogerstasks istoascertain(withinreasonableconstraints)whetherandhowmuchtheitemin handdeviatesfromtheoriginalasissued.(See0B2.2)

X.Precatalogingdecisions
Beforeabibliographicrecordcanbecreatedforanitemorgroupofitems awaitingcataloginginaninstitutionsspecialcollections,appropriatedecisions mustbemaderegardingthearrayofdescriptiveoptionsavailabletothe cataloger.Theseprecatalogingdecisionsinclude:determiningwhether DCRM(G)orAACR2ruleswillgovernthedescription,choosingthelevelof catalogingthatwillbeapplied,anddeterminingtheextenttowhichvarious optionsintheruleswillbeexercised. Thefollowingsectionprovidesguidanceforcatalogersandcataloging administratorsfacedwiththesedecisionsandidentifiessomeoftheinstitutional andcontextualfactorsthatshouldbetakenintoconsideration.Itassumesthat certainroutinechoiceswillalreadyhavebeenmade,suchaswhetherthe encodingstandardforthedescriptionwillbeMARC21andwhetheraresource issuedaspartofaseriesormultipartresourcewillbeanalyzed. Institutionsmaypromoteefficiencybysettingcatalogingpoliciesforspecific categoriesofmaterialsintheircollectionsbasedontheirmissionanduserneeds ratherthanmakingdecisionsonanitembyitembasis.Forexample,an institutionmaycatalogallgraphicresourcesusingDCRM(G),buttraceprinters onlyforpre1850resources,andnotidentifyproductionprocessesforpostcards. Itmaydecidethatcollectionlevelcatalogingissufficientformostposters,but provideitemlevelcatalogingforWorldWarTwoposters.Amechanismfor easilymakingexceptionstogeneralcatalogingpolicyisdesirableaswell.If,for example,acuratorbuysaphotographicprintduetoitsunusualproduction process,descriptionofandaccesstotheprocessoughttobegiveninthe bibliographicrecord,evenifitisnottheinstitutionsusualpolicytodescribe photographicproductionprocesses.

INTRODUCTION

X.1.Decisionstomakebeforebeginningthedescription
X.1.1.Itemlevelvs.collectionleveldescription Determinewhetherthematerialwillreceiveitemleveldescription,collection leveldescription,orsomecombinationofthetwo.Instructionsforitemlevel catalogingofsingleitemsandmultipartresourcesarefoundinchapters1 through8ofDCRM(G).Instructionsforcreatingcollectionleveldescriptionsare foundinAppendixB. Differencesbetweenitemlevelandcollectionlevelrulesaremostevidentin instructionsforformulatingtitles,providingdates,andrecordingphysical descriptions.Transcriptionoftext,centraltomanyrulesfordescribingitems,is largelyirrelevantforcollections,resultinginsimplerinstructions.Physical descriptionofcollectionsneedstoaccommodateinfinitevariationinmaterial resultinginadeemphasisonmediaspecificdetailinfavorofclear characterizationoftheextentandtypeofmaterialpresent.Institutionalpolicy andcatalogersjudgmentnecessarilyplayalargerroleinformulatingcollection leveldescriptions,soAppendixBprovidesgeneralguidelinestobeapplied flexibly. Collectionlevelcatalogingisusuallyfasterthanitemlevelsometimes dramaticallysobutisattendedbysuchasubstantiallossofspecificitythatits useasthesolefinalcatalogingforagroupofitemsshouldbechosenonlyafter carefulconsideration.Thelackofspecificitycanbemitigatedthroughprovision ofsomesortofitemlevelcontrol,suchasaninventorylist,findingaid,or database,andsuchanapproachishighlyrecommended.Collectionlevel catalogingofrarematerialsismostsuitablewhenitemshaveminimalvaluein themselvesbutderivevalueaspartofacollection.Useofcollectionlevelcontrol byitselfmaybeappropriatewhenusersareunlikelytobeseekingknownitems, ortheriskofinadvertentpurchaseofduplicateindividualitemsisconsidered insignificant.Collectionlevelcontrolaloneisunlikelytoprovideadequate evidencetoidentifymaterialsfollowingatheft. Acombinationapproachwouldentailindividualcatalogingofallorselected itemsinthecollectioninadditiontothecreationofacollectionlevelrecord.Such anapproachmayinvolvephasedprocessing,wherebythecatalogercreatesa collectionlevelrecordtoprovideimmediatebasicaccesstothecollection,and thenlatercreatesitemlevelrecordsforpriorityitemsastimeandresources permit. 20 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

INTRODUCTION X.1.2.Catalogingcode:AACR2vs.DCRM(G) Determinewhichcatalogingcodewillgovernthedescription.Bothcodescontain optionalrulesinadditiontotherequiredones,andeachallowsvaryinglevelsof catalogingdepth. AACR2isgenerallyconsideredtobeeasierandquickertoapplythanDCRM(G). AACR2ismostsuitablewhen,inaninstitutionalcontext,anitemwasacquired andisofsignificanceprimarilyforitscontentratherthanitsartifactualvalue. AACR2focusesoncommerciallyproducedgraphicmaterials,publishedand/or documentedartistsprintsandphotographs,portfolios,andreproductions accompaniedbyprintedinformation.Incontrast,useofDCRM(G)produces fullerdescriptionofvisualcontent(withfaithfultranscriptionsofrelevant textualdata)andmoreaccuratephysicaldescriptions.DCRM(G)mayfacilitate differentiationbetweenmanifestationsandrevealthepresenceofvariants amongseeminglyidenticalitems.DCRM(G)ismostsuitablewhenanitem carriesartifactualordocumentarysignificance,oritisotherwiseimportantto providedistinctionsbetweenstates,variants,orindividualinstances. X.1.3.Encodinglevel:DCRM(G)minimalvs.corevs.full Determinewhetherthedescriptionwillbedoneataminimal,core,orfulllevel. Eachlevelhasitsparticularuseswithattendantadvantagesanddisadvantages. DCRM(G)minimallevelprovidesforbasicdescriptionofvisualcontent(with faithfultranscriptionofrelevanttextualdata)andexactphysicaldescription,but requiresneithernotesnorheadings.Minimallevelrecordscanbeproduced quitequickly.Becausenameandsubjectheadingsmaybelacking,thematerials representedbytheserecordsmaybeinaccessiblethroughallbutknownitem searches,andsoshouldbeusedonlyaftercarefulconsideration.DCRM(G) minimallevelmaybesuitablewhenaccuratephysicaldescriptionisdesiredbut arecordwithfewornoaccesspointsisacceptable,orwhenparticularexpertise amongcurrentcatalogingstaffisinsufficientforspecificmediaidentificationFor furtherinformationoncreatingDCRM(G)minimalleveldescriptions,see AppendixD.

INTRODUCTION DCRM(G)corelevelprovidesforfullerdescriptionofvisualcontent(with faithfultranscriptionofrelevanttextualdata)andexactphysicaldescription,a fullcomplementofnameheadings,andatleastonesubjectheading,butrequires fewnotes.2Corelevelrecordsmaybesuitableforitemsorcollectionsthatcarry enoughartifactualordocumentarysignificancetobenefitfromdetailed descriptionandcontrolledheadingaccess,butforwhichtheomissionofmost notesisacceptable.ForfurtherinformationoncreatingDCRM(G)corelevel descriptions,seeAppendixC. DCRM(G)fulllevelrepresentsthenormativeapplicationoftheserules,yet encompassesarangeofpotentiallevelsofdetail.Fulllevelrecordsprovidefor fullerdescriptionofvisualcontent(withfaithfultranscriptionofrelevanttextual data)anddetailed,completephysicaldescription.Althoughsomenotesare required(e.g.,thesourceofthetitleproper),mostareoptionalandcanbe appliedselectivelydependingonthenatureofacollectionoraninstitutions needs.Forexample,notesontheproductionhistoryofawork,provenance,or particularattributesoftheiteminhandmaybeincludedoromittedas consideredimportant.
AlthoughtreatmentofheadingsisoutsidethescopeofDCRM(G),fulllevelrecords typicallycontainafullcomplementofnameandsubjectheadings.Inadditionto thosetypicallygiventogeneralmaterials,DCRM(G)fulllevelrecordsmaycontain headingsforprinters,publishers,formerowners,etc.Thenameheadingsneednot beestablishedusingauthorityrecords,althoughfullauthoritywork,especiallyif contributedtotheLC/NACOAuthorityFile,willresultingreaterconsistencyof headingsandimprovedaccess.3 Theadditionofgenre/formheadingsisparticularlyencouragedinfulllevelrecords. PrefertermsfoundintheThesaurusforGraphicMaterials;officialthesauri


IfaninstitutionisaBIBCOparticipantcontributingcorelevelrecordsaspartoftheProgram forCooperativeCataloging(PCC),allheadingsmustbeestablishedintheLC/NACOand LC/SACOAuthorityFiles.
2

IfaninstitutionisaBIBCOparticipantcontributingfulllevelrecordsaspartoftheProgram forCooperativeCataloging(PCC),allheadingsmustbeestablishedintheLC/NACOand LC/SACOAuthorityFiles.


3

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INTRODUCTION
maintainedbytheRBMSBibliographicStandardsCommittee4andtermsfromother authorizedthesauri(e.g.,theArtandArchitectureThesaurus)mayalsobeusedas appropriate.

X.1.4.Variants ItistakenasadefaultapproachinDCRM(G)thataseparaterecordwillbemade foreachvariantthatrepresentswhatisreferredtoasaneditioninAACR2and astateinartscholarship.However,withintherules,alternativesareprovided (see2A0)thatpermitthecreationofasinglerecordfordifferingmanifestations. Oncethedecisionhasbeenmadetoapplythesealternativerules,thecataloger mustbeconsistentinapplyingthemtoallareasofthedescription.Forfurther guidanceonthecatalogingofdifferingmanifestations,seeAppendixE. X.2.Factorstoconsiderinmakingthesedecisions Considerthefollowingfactorswhendeterminingappropriatelevelsof descriptionandaccessformaterialsawaitingcataloging.Thesefactorswillhelp toidentifyitemsthatmightdeservemoredetaileddescriptionsorhigherpriority treatment. X.2.1.Institutionsmissionanduserneeds Evaluatetherelevanceoftheitemsawaitingcatalogingtotheinstitutions missionandtheneedsofitsusers.Ideally,theinstitutionwillhavedeveloped internaldocumentationthatwillfacilitatesuchanevaluation,includinga missionstatement,collectiondevelopmentguidelines,andalistingofconstituent usersandtheiranticipatedneeds.Theneedsofbothpatrons(researchers, teachers,students,etc.)andstaff(collectiondevelopment,reference,technical services,etc.)shouldbetakenintoconsideration. X.2.2.Institutionalanddepartmentalresources


Thesethesauriinclude:BindingTerms;GenreTerms;PaperTerms;PrintingandPublishing Evidence;ProvenanceEvidence;andTypeEvidence.
4

INTRODUCTION Evaluateinstitutionalanddepartmentalresources,especiallystaffinglevels, expertise,andcurrentworkloads.


Isstaffabletokeepupwiththeinflowofnewmaterials? Isthereareasonablebalancebetweenresourcesdevotedtoacquiring materialsandthosedevotedtoprocessingthem? Iscurrentstaffexpertiseinidentificationofproductiontechniques, subjectareas,descriptivestandards,andencodingstandardsadequate forimplementingand/orcompletingproposedworkplans? Isstaffabletoworkconcurrentlywithmorethanonecodeand/or descriptionlevel? Arefundingandspaceavailableforhiringnewtemporaryor permanentstaffwiththenecessaryqualifications? Areadequatereferencesources,suchasspecializedcatalogues raisonns,availableforstaffuse? Howmanyotherprojectsareinprocessandwhataretheir requirementsandpriorities?

Theregularreviewofcatalogingprioritiesishighlyrecommendedandshould includediscussionswithcuratorial,publicservices,technicalservices,and preservationstaff. X.2.3.Marketvalueandconditionsofacquisitionoftheitemorcollection Considertheconditionsofacquisitionandtheestimatedmarketworthofthe itemorcollectionawaitingcataloging.


Doesthemonetaryorpublicrelationsvalueofthematerialjustifya higherlevelofaccessthanwouldotherwiseapply? Haveanyaccessrequirementsbeenimposedbyadonoraspartofthe termsofacquisition? Istheitemorcollectionaccompaniedbydescriptivedata(e.g.,a photographerslogbook)thatwillfacilitatecataloging?

X.2.4.Intellectualandphysicalcharacteristicsoftheitemorcollection Finally,evaluatetheintellectualandphysicalcharacteristicsoftheitems awaitingcataloging.

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INTRODUCTION

Isthereaunifyingcharacteristicthatwouldjustifyandfacilitatethe descriptionofthematerialsasagroup(e.g.,artist,subjectmatter, genre/form,etc.)withacollectionlevelrecord? Isaparticularcollectionrenowned? Dothematerialshaveatopicalfocusthathasrecentlyacquired importanceorurgency(e.g.,duetoascholarlyconferencehostedby theinstitutionorthehiringofanewprofessorwithaparticular specialty)? Iscatalogingcopygenerallyavailable? Weretheitemspurchasedprimarilyfortheircontent? Dothespecificitemshaveartisticorartifactualvalue? Istheinstitutioncollectingdeeplyinthearea? Aredetaileddescriptionslikelytorevealvariantsthatwillbeof interesttoresearchers? Aredetaileddescriptionslikelytohelppreventtheinadvertent purchaseofduplicatesorthefailuretoacquiredesirablevariants? Istheitemorcollectionvulnerabletotheftorvandalism? Wouldamoredetaileddescriptionhelppreventunnecessaryhandling bystaffandresearchers? Wouldamoredetaileddescriptionassistinretrievalofsurrogates?

0.GENERALRULES
Contents: 0A.Scope 0B.Thebasicdescription 0C.Chiefsourceofinformation 0D.Prescribedsourcesofinformation 0E.Prescribedpunctuation 0F.Languageandscriptofthedescription 0G.Transcription

0A.Scope
Theserulesprovideinstructionsforcataloginggraphicmaterials,otherthan maps,whoserarity,value,orinterest(i.e.,theircontinuingorpotentialaesthetic ordocumentaryvalue)makespecialdescriptionnecessaryordesirable.Such resourcesmaybeunpublished(thoughtheymayexistinmultipleinstances)or published.Therulescoverinstructionsforthedescriptiveareasinbibliographic recordsonly(seealsointroductorysectionsIII).Specifically,theymayapplyto:

Singletwodimensionalpictorialworks.Typicalexamplesinclude prints,posters,drawings,paintings,photographicprints,negatives, transparencies,andslides. Finitesetsandsuitesoftwodimensionalpictorialworkstreated monographicallyasmultipartresources. Illustrationsinpublishedbooks,magazines,etc. Borndigitalimagessuchasdigitalcameraphotographyand computergeneratedarchitecturalrenderings.

Forinstructionsoncatalogingcollections,whetherassembledpriortoacquisition (e.g.byanartistorcollector)orlocallyforcatalogingpurposes,seeAppendixB. Forinstructionsoncataloginggraphicmaterialswithconventionaltitlepages, seeAppendixH.

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

27

GENERALRULES

0B.Thebasicdescription
0B1.Requiredelements Thedescriptionmustalwaysincludethefollowingelements,regardlessofthe completenessoftheinformationavailable:

Titleproper(see1B) Dateofcreationorpublication(see4D) Extent(see5B) Sizeandformat(see5D)

Alsoincludeotherelementsofdescriptionassetoutinthefollowingrules,if availableandappropriatetothechosenlevelofdescription. 0B2.Basisofthedescription 0B2.1.Generalrule.Basethedescriptiononthematerialinhand. 0B2.2.Imperfections.Ifdescribingmaterialknowntobeimperfect,anddetailsof aperfect(ormoreperfect)examplecanbedetermined,basethedescriptionon theperfectexample.Usesquarebracketsonlywhererequiredfordescriptionof theperfectexample.Insuchcases,thedetailsmaybedeterminedbyexamining additionalexamplesorbyreferringtoreliabledescriptionsinothersources.As appropriate,citethesourceusedforthedescriptioninanote(see7B3,7B12). Makealocalnotedescribingtheimperfectionofthematerialinhand(see7A4.1).
Betty the cook maids head drest. - London : W. Humphrey, 1776 Note: Imprint from George Local note: Imperfect; trimmed below title, removing imprint

Ifnoreliableevidenceofthedetailsofaperfectexampleisavailable,describethe materialasitis.Makeageneralnoteindicatingthatthedescriptionisbasedon animperfectexample.Seealso0G6.3.

0C.Chiefsourceofinformation
Thechiefsourceofinformationistextprovidedbythecreatororcreatingbody onorwiththematerial.Possiblesourcesincludethefrontandbackoftheimage, thecontainer,digitallyembeddedmetadata,andcaptionlists.Transcribe

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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

GENERALRULES informationfoundinthechiefsource.Whennosuitablecreatorsuppliedtextis present,supplyinformationinsquarebracketsasnecessary.

0D.Prescribedsourcesofinformation
Theprescribedsource(s)ofinformationforeachareaofthedescriptionissetout inpreferredorderbelow. Area Prescribedsourcesofinformation
Chiefsource Chiefsource (Notapplicabletographicmaterials) Chiefsource Thematerialasawhole Chiefsource Anysource Chiefsource

1.Titleandstatementofresponsibility 2.State 3.Material(ortypeofpublication)specific details 4.Publication,distribution,creation,etc. 5.Physicaldescription 6.Series 7.Note 8.Standardnumberandtermsofavailability

Inallcasesinwhichinformationforareas1,2,4,or6istakenfromelsewhere thanthechiefsource,makeanotetoindicatethesourceoftheinformation(see 7B3,7B6,7B7.1,7B8).

0E.Prescribedpunctuation
Precedeeacharea,otherthanthefirst,byaperiodspacedashspace(.)unless theareabeginsanewparagraph. Precedeorencloseeachoccurrenceofanelementofanareawithstandard punctuationasindicatedintheprescribedpunctuationsectionsoftheserules. Precedeeachmarkofprescribedpunctuationbyaspaceandfollowitbyaspace, withthefollowingexceptions:thecomma,period,closingparenthesis,and closingsquarebracketarenotprecededbyaspace;theopeningparenthesisand openingsquarebracketarenotfollowedbyaspace. Endparagraphswithnormalpunctuation(usuallytheperiod). Ifanentireareaorelementisomittedfromthebibliographicdescription(e.g., becauseitisnotpresentinthesource),alsoomititscorrespondingprescribed punctuation.Donotusethemarkofomission.

GENERALRULES

0F.Languageandscriptofthedescription
0F1.Generalrule 0F1.1.Inthefollowingareas,transcribeinformationonorwiththematerialin thelanguageandscript(whereverfeasible)inwhichitappearsthere:

titleandstatementofresponsibility5 edition publication,distribution,creation,etc. series

0F1.2.Giveinterpolations(see0G6)intotheseareasinthelanguageandscriptof theotherinformationinthearea,exceptforprescribedinterpolationsandother casesspecifiedintheserules(e.g.,4B5,4B6.2,4C6.2).Iftheotherinformationin theareaisromanized,giveinterpolationsaccordingtothesameromanization. 0F1.3.Innotes,giveinformationotherthantitles,citations,andquotationsinthe languageandscriptofthecatalogingagency. 0F2.Romanization 0F2.1.Ifitisnotfeasibletotranscribefromthematerialusinganonromanscript, romanizethetextaccordingtotheALALCRomanizationTables.Donotenclose theromanizedtextwithinsquarebrackets.Makeanotetoindicatethatthe romanizedtextappearsinnonromanscriptonthematerial(see7B2.2) Source:
- !

Transcription:
Rodina-mat' zovet!


Ifnonromantexthasbeentranscribedwithinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provide additionaltitleaccessforaromanizedformofthetitleproper(seeAppendixF).
5

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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

GENERALRULES 0F2.2.Optionally,ifitisfeasibletotranscribefromthematerialusinganonroman script,alsoprovideparallelromanizedfieldsusingtheALALCRomanization Tables.Donotenclosetheromanizedtextwithinsquarebrackets,butindicatein anotethattheromanizationdoesnotappearonthesource.


Note: Romanization supplied by cataloger

0G.Transcription
Transcribeinformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedinthe source,accordingtothesegeneralrules0B0G,unlessinstructedotherwiseby specificrules.Donotusethemarkofomissiontoindicatetransposition. 0G1.Letters,diacritics,symbols,andrebuses 0G1.1.Lettersanddiacritics.Ingeneral,transcribelettersastheyappear.Donot addaccentsandotherdiacriticalmarksnotpresentinthesource.Convertearlier formsoflettersanddiacriticalmarkstotheirmodernform(seeAppendixG2).In mostlanguages,includingLatin,transcribealigaturebygivingitscomponent lettersseparately.Donot,however,separatethecomponentlettersofin AngloSaxon;inFrench;orandinancientormodernScandinavian languages.Ifthereisanydoubtastothecorrectconversionoflettersand diacriticalmarkstomodernform,transcribethemfromthesourceasexactlyas possible. Source: IOHNBULLsHOUSEsettinFLAMES Transcription:
Iohn Bull's house sett in flames

Source: FunuponFun,orthefirtandecondpartofMisKittyFihersMerry thought Transcription:


Fun upon fun, or, The first and second part of Miss Kitty Fishers merry thought

0G1.2.Symbols,etc.Exceptforrebuses,replacesymbolsorothermatterthat cannotbereproducedusingavailabletypographicalfacilitieswithacatalogers

GENERALRULES descriptioninsquarebrackets.Thisincludesy frequently mistranscribed as ye . Makeanexplanatorynoteifnecessary. Source: SouldbyWill.FaithorneattysignofyshippwithinTempleBar Transcription:


Sould by Will. Faithorne att [the] sign of [the] shipp within Temple Bar

0G1.3Rebuses.Replacepicturesinrebuseswiththeintendedwordsinsquare brackets.Makeanexplanatorynote(seealso4D2.2).
The [Bute] interest in the [city], or, The [bridge] in the [hole]. -- [London] : Sold in May's [Buildings] Covent [Garden] [by George Bickham, 1760] Note: Title and publisher's address in the form of a rebus. Bute represented as a boot in the rebus (Comment:Dateandpublishersnamesuppliedbycataloger)

0G2.Capitalizationandconversionofcase 0G2.1.Generalrule.Convertletterstouppercaseorlowercaseaccordingtothe rulesforcapitalizationinAACR2,AppendixA.Donotconvertcasewhen transcribingromannumerals. RDAalternative:ApplyrulesforcapitalizationasgiveninRDAAppendixA. 0G2.2.Lettersi/jandu/v.Iftherulesforcapitalizationrequireconvertingthe lettersIorVtolowercaseori,j,u,orvtouppercase,applythefollowingtable todeterminewhichletterformtouse,exceptinthecaseofgothicscript.Ifthe sourceusesagothicscriptthatdoesnotdistinguishbetweenthelettersi/jorthe lettersu/v,transcribethelettersasiandvrespectively.Forinformationonearly printingasitpertainstothetranscriptionofi/jandu/v,seeAppendixG4.Ifany ofthelettersistranscribedwithinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproperin

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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

GENERALRULES convertedform,provideadditionaltitleaccessusingalternativeformsofthetitle properasneeded(seeAppendixF). Uppercaselettertobeconverted I(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword6 IIatendofword IIelsewhereinword V(vowelorconsonant)atbeginningofword V(vowelorconsonant)elsewhereinword VVrepresentingsingleletter7 Lowercaselettertobeconverted i(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword j(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword u(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword v(vowelorconsonant)anywhereinword vvrepresentingsingleletter7 Source: OLEVMOLIVARVM Transcription:
Oleum oliuarum

Lowercaseconversion i ij ii v u vv Uppercaseconversion I I V V VV


6 7

DonotconvertafinaluppercaseImeanttorepresentaniiending(see0G2.3).

ThismustbedistinguishedfromVVorvvasacombinationofavowelandaconsonantas intheexamplesVVLTorvvlt(vult,hewants)andVVAorvva(uva,grape).

GENERALRULES 0G2.3.Chronograms.Capitallettersoccurringapparentlyatrandomorina particularsequencemayrepresentachronogram.Wherethereisgoodreasonto assumethatachronogramisbeingused,donotconvertlettersconsideredpartof thechronogramfromuppercasetolowercase,orfromlowercasetouppercase (seealso4D2.2).


DoMI et patrIae VIVIt herVs, forIs et eXterIs VIXIt CLarVs Note: Title inscribed around portrait forms a chronogram for 1703

0G3.Punctuationinthesource 0G3.1.Generalrule.Donotnecessarilytranscribepunctuationasitappearsin thesource.Instead,followmodernpunctuationconventions,usingcommon senseindecidingwhethertoincludethepunctuation,omitit,replaceit,oradd punctuationnotpresent.


"Yes, sir, everything's ho-kee-doke, Betty's voice is normal again!" (Comment:Quotationmarksaddedtorepresentspeechbubbleinsource) Libres, libertad de cultos, libertad de palabra, libres de miseria, libres de temor (Comment:Commasaddedtorepresentbreaksindicatedbyposterslettering styleandwordplacement) Perdito & Perdita, or, The man & woman of the people (Source:Perdito&PerditaortheMan&WomanofthePeople) Red Jacket concrete bridge dedication, Aug. 22, '11 (Comment:Titleonthepanoramicphotohashyphensinsteadofspacesbetween words;punctuationisnormalizedtomodernconventions) [B] London : Printed for A. Millar, over-against CatharineStreet in the Strand, MDCCLI [1751] (Source:London:PrintedforAMillar,overagainstCatharinestreetintheStrand. M,DCC,LI.)

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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

GENERALRULES Alternativerule:Transcribeallpunctuationasfoundinthesourceof information,withtheexceptionofthosemarkscoveredinrules0G3.50G3.7. Whenfollowingthisalternativerule,alwaysincludeprescribedpunctuation aswell,evenifthisresultsindoublepunctuation.Prescribedpunctuationis treatedatthebeginningofeachchapterwithintheserules.


[B] The unhappy favourite; or, The Earl of Essex. : A tragedy. / Written by Jno; Banks (Comment:Commasarenotrequiredaroundorwhenapplyingthisoption, becausecommassurroundingaconjunctionintroducinganalternativetitle areanAACR2convention,notprescribedISBDpunctuation) London: : Printed for A Millar, over-against Catharine-Street in the Strand., M,DCC,LI. [1751]

RDAalternative:Transcribepunctuationasitappearsinthesource.Add punctuation,ifnecessary,forclarity.(RDA1.7.11.7.3) 0G3.2.Apostrophesandquotationmarks.Transcribeapostrophesandquotation marksasfound.Donotsupplythispunctuationifnotpresentinthesource.


George Peck's grand revival of Stetson's Uncle Tom's cabin Daniel Webster, New Englands choice for twelfth President of the United States "Beat it. I'm busy stirrin' up th' masses"

0G3.3.Hyphens.Transcribehyphensusedtoconnecttheconstituentpartsof compoundwords,normalizingtheirformasnecessary(seeAppendixG2).Do notsupplyhyphensnotpresentinthesource.


Yale College, New-Haven [B] Report of the Boston Female Anti Slavery Society

0G3.4.Punctuationwithinromannumerals.Donottranscribeinternalmarksof punctuationappearingwithinromannumerals.Omitthemwithoutusingthe markofomission.

GENERALRULES
[B] The bye-laws and regulations of the Marine Society, incorporated in MDCCLXXII

0G3.5.Ellipses,squarebrackets,andvirgules.Donottranscribeellipses...or squarebrackets[]whenpresentinthesource;replacethemwithadashand parentheses()respectivelyoromitthem,asappropriate.Donotconfusea virgule(/)ingothicscriptwithaslash;replaceitwithacommaoromitit,as appropriate.Makeanexplanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant. Source: [GM]Ifelected... Transcription:


If elected-Optional note: On material, "elected" is followed by an ellipsis

Whenreplacing...with,leaveaspaceafterthe,unlessthedashisatthe beginning.
Y'know Will-- for a few quid more I could retouch it a little-[GM] --and then there were none

0G3.6.Linebreaks.Donottranscribeahyphenorothermarkofpunctuation usedtoconnectasingleworddividedbetweentwolinesortwoportionsofa line;transcribeasasingleword,ignoringthepunctuation.Ifthefunctionofthe hyphenisindoubt(e.g.,ifitmightformpartofacompoundword),transcribeit. Source(showinglineendings): LAPACEAPPORTATRICEDI GIUSTIZIA,DILAVORO,DIBENES SERE Transcription:


La pace apportatrice di giustizia, di lavoro, di benessere

0G3.7.Punctuationsubstitutingforletters.Transcribeasasinglehypheneach distincthyphen,dash,line,orunderscorecharacterusedinthesource,whether usedasasubstituteforoneormorelettersinaword,orforanentireword. Source: Mrs.RnpreparingtoreceivetheDukedeChs

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DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

GENERALRULES Transcription:
Mrs. R---n preparing to receive the Duke de Ch---s

Source: R__LADVICE Transcription:


R-l advice (Comment:Sourceisasingleetchedlineaswideastwocharacters,presumably ambiguouslyrepresentingbothRealandRoyal,butinanycase,asingleline isalwaystranscribedasasinglehyphen)

Transcribeasterisksasasterisks.
The conduct of the two B*****rs

Ifthevaluesofthemissinglettersareknown,providetheinformationinanote, ifconsideredimportant.Ifthemissinglettersoccurwithinthefirstfivewordsof thetitle,andthevaluesofthemissinglettersareknown,provideadditionaltitle accesstothefullform. Source: [B]ClaraH_____d Transcription:


Clara H-d Optional note: Clara H-d is Clara Hayward

0G4.Spacing 0G4.1.Spacingwithinwordsandnumbers.Ingeneral,followmodernspacing conventionswhentranscribingfromthesource.Makenoattempttopreservefull orirregularspacesbetweenletterswithinwords.Ifawordisdividedbetween theendofonelineandthebeginningofthenext,transcribeitasasingleword, ignoringthelinebreak. Omitinternalspaceswhentranscribingnumbers(includingromannumerals). Source: OLFACTVS Transcription:
Olfactus

GENERALRULES Alternativerule:Transcribeinternalspaceswithinnumbers(includingroman numerals).Ifmultiplespacesordifferentsizesofspacesappearbetweentwo characterswithinthenumber,transcribethemasasinglespace. Source: M.D.CC.XLIV Transcription:


M. D. CC. XLIV

0G4.2.Spacingbetweenwords.Ifspacingbetweenwordsinthesourceis ambiguous,orlacking,includespacesinthetranscriptiontoseparatethewords asneeded.Ifthemissingspacesoccurinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper, provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitleasitappearsinthesource, withoutthespaces(seeAppendixF). Source: Foundingfatherfollyday Transcription:


Founding father folly day

0G4.3.Variantspellings.Donotinsertorremovespacesthatmerelyrepresent variantorarchaicspellings.8 Source: AttheFootoftheTrail,YoSemiteValley Transcription:


At the foot of the trail, Yo Semite Valley


Ifthevariantorarchaicspellingsoccurinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provide additionaltitleaccessfortheformofthetitlewiththespacinginserted(seeAppendixF).
8

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GENERALRULES 0G5.Omissions 0G5.1.Generalrule.Indicateomissionsinthetranscriptionorinaquotednote byusingthemarkofomission.Whenusingthemarkofomission,generallygive itwithaspaceoneitherside.However,giveaspaceononlyonesideifthemark comesattheendofanarea,isprecededbyanopeningparenthesisoropening squarebracket,orisfollowedbyaclosingparenthesis,closingsquarebracket,or comma.Donottranscribeamarkofpunctuationthatprecedesthemarkof omissionunlessitisamarkofabbreviationoraperiod,exclamationmark,or questionmark.
[B] Oxford : Printed by Leon. Lichfield ... and are to be sold by the Widow Howell, 1698 Amsterdam : Printed for the Widow Swart ..., 1688 (Comment:Themarkofomissionhasaspaceononlyonesidebecauseitis followedbyacomma) [GM] Advertisement, Charleston, S.C. : to be sold ... 250 Negroes! ...

0G5.2.Informationnotconsideredpartofanyarea.Ifomittinggrammatically separableinformationfromthetranscriptionbecauseitisnotconsideredpartof anyarea(piousinvocations,etc.;see1A2.4),donotusethemarkofomission.If consideredimportant,givetheomittedinformationinanote. 0G6.Interpolations 0G6.1.Generalrule.Indicateaninterpolationinthetranscriptionorinaquoted notebyenclosingitinsquarebrackets.Iftranscribingtextwithmissingor obscuredlettersorwordsthatcanbereconstructedwithsomecertainty,include theseinthetranscription,enclosingtheminsquarebrackets.Makean explanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant.
Philipp[us] (Comment:Thewordendswitha superscript) Here com[e]s [S]anta Cl[a]us (Comment:Wordsalternateverticallyandhorizontally,intersectingwithshared letters,asinacrosswordpuzzle) [GM] Qui [est] la? (Comment:Drawingisdamagedandwordisbeinginterpolated)

GENERALRULES 0G6.2.Conjecturalandindecipherabletext.Indicateaconjecturalinterpolation byaddingaquestionmarkimmediatelyaftertheinterpolation,withinthesquare brackets.Supplyaquestionmarkenclosedinsquarebracketsforeach indeterminablewordorportionofword.Makenotestojustifytheinterpolations, provideexplanations,oroffertentativereadingsofindecipherableportionsof text,ifconsideredimportant.


[John?] Cameron (Comment:SitterpossiblyidentifiedasJohnCameron) amico[rum?] (Comment:Thewordendswithabrevigraphaspecialmarksofcontractionin continuanceofthemanuscripttraditionthatisconjecturedtobea ) amico[?] (Comment:Thebrevigraphattheendofthewordcannotbedetermined) El[speth?] [?] McWhorter (Comment:Anautographwithsomeconjecturedlettersintheforenameandan indecipherablemiddleinitial,transcribedinalocalnote)

0G6.3.Lacunaeinimperfectexamples.Ifthedescriptionisbasedonan imperfectexample(see0B2.2)andthemissingportioncannotbereconstructed withsomecertainty,usethemarkofomissionenclosedinsquarebrackets([...]) toshowlacunaeintheresource.


[...] modern minstrels Note: Description based on an imperfect example; title torn, removing all lettering above lower portion of "modern" (Comment:althoughimageisprinted,nootherexamplesareknown)

0G6.4.Blankspaces.Iftranscribingtextcontainingablankspaceintendedtobe completedlater,asiscommonincertificates,pictoriallettersheets,performance advertisements,etc.,supplythewordblankenclosedinsquarebrackets.Ifthe blankhasbeencompletedintheitembeingdescribed,indicatethisinalocal note,ifconsideredimportant.Iftheblankoccursinthefirstfivewordsofthetitle proper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitlewithoutthe interpolatedword[blank](seeAppendixF).


Admit [blank] to the private view at Strawberry Hill Optional local note: Lewis Walpole Library copy has "Mr. Thomas and 5 friends" supplied in manuscript

0G6.5.Adjacentelements.Ifadjacentelementsaretobeenclosedinsquare brackets,eachisenclosedinitsownpairofsquarebrackets.

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GENERALRULES
[Springland, Pa.] : [W. Burch], [1808]

0G7.Inaccuracies,misprints,etc. 0G7.1.Inaccuracies.Transcribeaninaccuracy,misspelling,ormisprintasit appearsonthematerial.Followsuchaninaccuracyeitherby[sic]orbythe abbreviationi.e.andthecorrectionwithinsquarebrackets.Ifthemisprint occursinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfor theformoftitlewithouttheinterpolationandfortheformoftitleasifithad beenprintedcorrectly(seeAppendixF).


Pehriska-Ruhpa, Moennitarri warrior in the costume of the dog danse [sic] Baltimore from Federal Hall [i.e. Hill] Dracula, by Hamilton Deane and John L. Dalderston [i.e. Balderston] (Comment:AposteradvertisementfortheplayDraculawhichisbyDeanand Balderston)

Donotcorrectwordsspelledaccordingtoolderornonstandardorthographic conventions,e.g.,franoiseforfranaise,orantientforancient. RDAalternative:Donotfollowinaccuracieswith[sic]ori.e.andthe correctioninsquarebrackets.Instead,makeanotecorrectingtheinaccuracy. (RDA1.7.9) 0G7.2.Deliberatemisspellings.Donotcorrectwordsmisspelledforhumorous effect.Ifconsideredimportant,makeanexplanatorynote.Additionaltitleaccess maybeprovided(seeAppendixF).


The Summer Shower, or, Mademoiselle Par, a Pluye Optional note: For "Par, a Pluye" read "parapluie"

0G7.3.Reversed,turned,andapproximatedletters.Transcribeareversedor turnedletter(i.e.,anupsidedownletter),whetherinadvertentordeliberate,as theintendedletter.Transcribetwolettersoftypeusedtoapproximateathird letterastheintendedletter.However,transcribeletterpressvvasvv(see AppendixG5).Makeanexplanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant.Ifthetwo

GENERALRULES lettersoftypeusedtoapproximateathirdletteroccurinthefirstfivewordsof thetitleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitlewiththeletters transcribedasset(seeAppendixF).


Al Palzer, boxer Optional note: Hand-lettered z in "Palzer" looks like an s on the glass negative Bessario Patriarcha Constantinopoli Optional note: Third "n" in Constantinopoli is reversed Representation du feu terrible a Nouvelle Yorck Optional note: As characteristic of vues d'optique, title is printed in reverse Ain Anzaigung wie D. Martinus Luther Optional note: The "w" in "wie" is formed using "rv"

0G8.Abbreviationsandcontractions 0G8.1.Whentranscribing,donotabbreviateanywordsnotabbreviatedinthe source.


peint d'aprs nat. par Ch. Bodmer

0G8.2.Ifbrevigraphs(specialmarksofcontractionincontinuanceofthe manuscripttradition)havebeenused,expandaffectedwordstotheirfullform andenclosesuppliedlettersinsquarebrackets(seeAppendixG3).Makean explanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant(see7B4.3).Ifabrevigraphstanding foranentirewordappearsinthesource,supplyinsteadtheworditself,enclosed insquarebrackets.However,transcribeanampersandoraTironiansign( )as anampersand.Encloseeachexpansionorsuppliedwordinitsownsetofsquare brackets. Source: HENRICVSDEIGRREXANGLIE Transcription:
Henricus Dei gra[tia] Rex Anglie

Ifthemeaningofabrevigraphisconjectural,applythebracketingconventions givenin0G6.2. 0G8.3.Donotexpandabbreviationsormoderncontractionswhentranscribing.If theabbreviationoccursinthefirstfivewordsofthetitleproper,provide

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GENERALRULES additionaltitleaccessfortheexpandedformifconsideredimportant(see AppendixF). 0G9.Superscriptsandsubscripts Transcribesuperscriptandsubscriptcharactersonthelineunlessthesense wouldbeaffected(e.g.,inamathematicalformula).Alwaystranscribetheperiod inanabbreviationattheendoftheabbreviation. Source: M.rKingintheCharacterofLd.Ogilby Transcription:
Mr. King in the character of Ld. Ogilby

Source: M.V.drGuchtSculp. Transcription:


M. Vdr. Gucht sculp. (Comment:EngraverisMichaelvanderGucht,alsofrequentlyknownasMichael VanderGucht)

Source: Caro.eWatson Transcription:


Caroe. Watson (Comment:EngraverisCarolineWatson)

0G10.Initials,etc. 0G10.1.Transcribeinitials,initialisms,andacronymswithoutinternalspaces, regardlessofhowtheyarepresentedinthesourceofinformation.


F.S. Chanfrau in the character of "Mose" Made in NATO (Comment:Onposter,acronymisarrangedasahalfcircle,withspacesbetween letters) MDarly (Comment:Initialsofthefirstandlastnameformamonogram)

GENERALRULES 0G10.2.Treatanabbreviationconsistingofmorethanasingleletterasifitwerea distinctword,separatingitwithaspacefromprecedingandsucceedingwords orinitials.


Ph. D. R. St. G.M. pinxt. (Comment:Onlypinxt.,meaningpaintedit,isprecededbyaspaceinthe original;artistisRichardStGeorgeMansergh) Mr. J.P. Morgan

0G10.3.Iftwoormoredistinctinitialisms(orsetsofinitials),acronyms,or abbreviationsappearinjuxtaposition,separatethemwithaspace.
M. J.P. Rabaut (Comment:ThefirstinitialstandsforMonsieur)

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1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITYAREA
Contents: 1A.Preliminaryrule 1B.Transcribedtitleproper 1C.Paralleltitles 1D.Othertitleinformation 1E.Suppliedanddevisedtitles 1F.Statementsofresponsibility 1G.Materialwithoutacollectivetitle 1H.Generalmaterialdesignation

1A.Preliminaryrule
1A0.Introductoryremarks Thecatalogermustdecidewhetherprintedormanuscripttextinthechiefsource ofinformationconstitutesatitleand/orstatementofresponsibilitythatcanbe transcribedforthecatalogrecord.Incidentalinformationdeterminednottobe titleand/orstatementofresponsibility(e.g.,numbering,mailingaddress, customername)maybedescribedortranscribedinanote.Forpublished materialwithaconventionaltitlepage,seealsoAppendixH. 1A1.Prescribedpunctuation Titlesforgraphicmaterialwilloftennotlendthemselveseasilytotheapplication oftheprescribedpunctuation.If,however,thedatacanbeseparatedclearlyinto titleproperandothertitleinformation,supplytheprescribedpunctuation.
John Howell, an Indianapolis newsboy, makes $.75 some days. Begins at 6 a.m., Sundays. (Lives at 215 W. Michigan St.) (Comment:Thechiefsourceforthisphotographisatypedcaptioncardthatdoes noteasilydivideintoprimaryandsecondaryparts.Theentirecaptionistreated asthetitleproper) Barnum & Bailey greatest show on earth, daring and dangerous equestrian act : in which the courageous artist guides his horse through a flaming hoop of fire... (Comment:Circusposterscommonlyhavethenameofthecircusatthetopanda descriptionoftheactshownintheimageatthebottom.Bothsectionsaretreated asthetitlepropertorepresentthetitledistinctively)

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

45

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Your wartime duty! Don't waste water : Do not use hose for washing your automobile. Do use water from a pail (Comment:Thispostertitlecanbeseparatedintoprimaryandsecondaryparts becausethetitleproperisinlargelettersabovetheimageandothertitle informationisbelowtheimage)

Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see 0E. Enclosethegeneralmaterialdesignation[GMD]insquarebrackets. Precedethetitleofapartorsection(see1B8)byaperiod. Precedeeachparalleltitlebyanequalssign. Precedeeachunitofothertitleinformationbyacolon. Precedethefirststatementofresponsibilitybyadiagonalslash. Precedeeachsubsequentstatementofresponsibilitybyasemicolon. Forthepunctuationofthisareawhenapublicationhasnocollectivetitle,see1F. 1A2.Sourcesofinformation 1A2.1.Generalrule.Theprescribedsourceofinformationforthetitleand statementofresponsibilityareaistext(printedormanuscript)providedbythe creatororcreatingbodyonorwiththematerial.
Benj. Franklin / engraved by Geo. E. Perine, N.Y., for the Eclectic, after drawing by C.N. Cochin, 1777 (Comment:AfacsimileofFranklinssignaturebelowimageisusedasatitlefora publishedportraitlikelytobecitedbywhatisprintedontheitem;thestatement ofresponsibilityisalsotranscribed) B. Franklin of Philadelphia L.L.D. F.R.S. / M. Chamberlin pinxt. ; E. Fisher fecit. (Comment:Nameinformationprintedbelowaportraitistreatedasatitle; statementofresponsibilityisalsotranscribed) Dom Smith, Vladivostok, 1899 (Comment:Contemporaryhandwrittenphraseonpageofphotoalbumcompiled byphotographeristreatedasatitle) Cat show

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
(Comment:Manuscripttextwiththematerial(inamagazineslogbookofits photographerswork)istranscribedasthetitle) "Is this what you mean?" / Herblock (Comment:Quoteddialogistranscribedasthetitleofacartoondrawing,with artistssignatureinstatementofresponsibility) Etchings by Henry William Bunbury (Comment:Auniqueassemblageofprintsanddrawingswithaspeciallyprinted titlepage)

1A2.2.Ifnotitleisonorwiththematerial,supplytheinformationaccordingto theprovisionsof1E.
[Eleanor and Frederick Pray, seated in the veranda room, Dom Smith, Vladivostok, Russia] (Comment:Handwrittenphrasemorningroomonphotoalbumpagewas addedlaterinballpointpenandisnottreatedasatitle,butcouldbequotedina note)

1A2.3.Ifnostatementofresponsibilityisonorwiththematerial,omitthe statementofresponsibilityelement.Ifpossible,provideinformationaboutthe creatorinanote(see1F2). 1A2.4.Omissionofnumbers,statementsofpatronage,etc.Omit,withoutusing themarkofomission,informationthatconstitutesneithertitleinformationnora statementofresponsibility.Suchinformationmayincludenumbers,statements ofpatronage,piousinvocations,quotations,devices,decorativeflourishes, epigrams,mottoes,prices,etc.(see0G5.2).Transcribeordescribethiskindof informationinanoteifitisconsideredimportant.However,ifsuchinformation isagrammaticallyinseparablepart(see1B1.1)ofoneoftheelementsofthetitle andstatementofresponsibilityarea,transcribeitassuch.Ifsuchinformation constitutestheonlytitlelikeinformationpresentinthesource,itmaybeusedas atitleaccordingtotheprovisionsof1B5.1.Optionally,transcribededicationsas Othertitleinformation(see1D4).
An Apiary on the foothills of San Gabriel (Comment:Textbelowimageincludesthephotographersnumber,andreads No.163.AnApiaryonthefoothillsofSanGabriel) Francisque Arban, aronaute francais Optional note: Includes Italian poem by Vincenzo Monti, below title (Comment:Fourlinesoftextimmediatelybelowtheportraitstitleareapoem thatisomittedfromthetitlebutcanbementionedinanote)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
To the right hon'ble Lord Bangor, this plate representing a complete perspective view of all the machinery of a bleach mill, upon the newest and most approved constructions, consisting of the wash mill, rubbing boards moved by a crank, and beetling engine for glazing the cloth, with a view of the boiling house; is most respectfully inscribed by ... Wm. Hincks (Comment:Thededicationinscriptionsurroundsthetitleandisinseparable) Scene on the Delaware River at Philada. during the severe winter of 1856 Optional note: At head of title: Souvenir of the coldest winter on record (Comment:Textaboveimageisomittedfromthetitleandquotedinanote becausecatalogerjudgeditcharacterizesthereasonformakingtheprint)

1A3.Formandorderofinformation Transcribetitleandstatementofresponsibilityinformationintheformandorder inwhichitispresentedinthesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecific rules(see0G).

1B.Transcribedtitleproper

1B1.Wordsconsideredpartofthetitleproper 1B1.1.Thetitleproperisthefirstelementofthedescriptionandistheprimary nameofthematerial.Whentranscribingthetitleproper,includealltext inseparablefromthewordsofthetitle,i.e.,allwordsthatclearlyreadtogether withoutabreak,orthatarevisuallyorgrammaticallyinseparable.Ifnotitleison orwiththematerial,provideaccordingtotheprovisionsof1E.


Helen Keller (Comment:Nametypedona20thcenturyportraitphotographprovidesatitle) Voyage a la lune (Comment:Textprintedona19thcenturycartoonprovidesatitle) Reserve boxes, open-air circus, Luna Park, Coney Island, N.Y. City (Comment:Wordsprintedonastereographmountreadtogetherasatitle) Cucumis sativus vulgaris, cucumern (Comment:Textbesidea16thcenturybotanicalbookillustrationprovidesatitle) Portrait of an Irish chief, drawn from life at Wexford (Comment:sizeandlocationofletteringonmaterialindicatethatdrawnfrom lifeatWexfordispartofasatirictitleandnotastatementofresponsibility)

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Philip Bosco as physicist Niels Bohr in "Copenhagen" and Claudia Shear as Mae West in "Dirty Blonde" (Comment:Handletteredlineoftextona21stcenturydrawingprovidesatitle) Vues de Paris et ses environs en photographies (Comment:Titleoncoverofa19thcenturyphotoalbum)

Ifthetitleisprecededorfollowedinthesourcebyotherelementsofinformation, transposetheseelementstotheirappropriateareasinthedescription(orgive theminanote)unlesscaseendingswouldbeaffected,thegrammatical constructionoftheinformationwouldbedisturbed,orthetextisotherwise grammaticallyinseparablefromthetitleproper.Inthelattercases,transcribethe informationaspartofthetitleproper.


Prang's American valentine and birthday cards (Comment:Thepublishersnameisanintegralpartofthetitleproper)

Ifconsideredimportant,makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositionof transposedelements. 1B1.2.Ifadateappearsinthesourceinsuchawayastoconstitutepartofthe title,transcribeitassuch(aspartofthetitleproperorothertitleinformation, whicheverisappropriate).Seealso4D1.4.


Near Sale's house, 23 Oct. 1880, Otago Harbour The Stewart Island trip, on board the Wakatipiu, Christmas Day, 1895

1B1.3.Ifonlyaseriestitleisonanitem,provideatitleaccordingtothe provisionsof1E. [UseHarlotsprogressasexample:plate1hasAHarlotsProgressPlate1in lowerleft,belowimage;subsequentplatesjusthavePlate2,Plate3,etc.]. 1B2.Noteonthesourceofthetitleproper Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthetitleproper.


Doctor Syntax, in the middle of a smoaking hot political squabble, wishes to whet his whistle Note: Title from lower margin E.H. Sothern as Malvolio Note: Title from ink note on back of mount

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY 1B3.Formsofthetitleproper Thetitlepropercantakeavarietyofforms,someofwhichareexemplified below. 1B3.1.Titleproperinclusiveofothertitlesorothertitleinformationappearing beforethechieftitle:


Bill Graham presents in San Francisco Grateful Dead, Junior Wells Chicago Blues Band, and the Doors (Comment:GratefulDead,JuniorWellsChicagoBluesBand,andtheDoorsis thechieftitle)

1B3.2.Titleproperinclusiveofalternativetitles:
Weighed & found wanting, or, The effects of a summer's ramble

1B3.3.Titleproperconsistingsolelyofthenameofaresponsiblepersonorbody:
Murray Riss (Comment:Thephotographersnameistheprintedtitleforhispublished portfolio)

1B3.4.Multipleversionsofatitleareonorwiththematerial.Thechoiceofthe titleproperdependsoncatalogerjudgment.Typicalsituationsinvolvenews photographswithcutlinesandslugsinadditiontolongercaptions.Photographs canhavemultipletitlesfromusageindifferentpublications.Multipletitlesmay alsobeavailablewhenphotographicnegativesandtheircorrespondingprints arecatalogedasamultipartresource.


Tweed suits the smartest for daily spring wear (Comment:Thecatalogeroptedtousethecutlineprintedabovethelongcaption asthetitleproper;theslugattheendofthecaption,WashingtonFashions, April22,1929couldbeusedinanote.ThelongcaptionthatbeginsMrs.Wm. B.Bankhead,wifeofRepresentativeBankheadofAla.whomakesherhomeat theCarltoncanbeexcerptedinasummarynote) Destitute pea pickers in California. Mother of seven children. Age thirty-two. Nipomo, California Note: Title on print: "Destitute pea pickers in California. A 32 year old mother of seven children" (Comment:Thecaptionforthenegativeandthatoftheprintcatalogedasa multipartresourcearesimilarbutnotidenticalfortranscription.Thecataloger optedtousethenegativescaptionasthetitleproperandquotetheprinttitlein anote)

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Franciscus Valesius, D.G. Dux Alenson et Brabant, Comes Flandriae, Protect. Belgicae Note: "Francis of Valois, Duke of Aniou, of Brabant, &c., Earle of Flanders, &c., Protector of the Belgicke libertie"-letterpress title above engraved plate (Comment:catalogeroptedtousetitleengravedwithinplateastitleproper becauseitwasfeltimportanttocollocatemultipleimpressionsoftheplate)

1B4.Titleelementsscatteredbylayoutortypography Ifpartsofthetitlearescatteredovertheitem,composethetitleproperbasedon thoseelementsdistinguishedbyposition,typography,orsizeoflettering.


Our choice, Grover Cleveland, A.G. Thurman. Democratic nominees, for president, for vice president Note: Title assembled from words scattered on four banners, above and below the image

Ifthetitleinformationisarrangeddecoratively,orotherelementsofthe description(e.g.,creatororpublisher)areinterspersedwiththetitleinformation, deducethelogicalsequenceandthenrecordthetitleinitssemanticorder.


Ex libris George Wharton Edwards (Comment:Theopeningwordsofthebookplate,Dramaticartsdescribethe symbolismandarequotedinanote.Thetitlewordsareassembledfromtwo bannersandalineoftextbelowthestatementofresponsibility)

1B5.Titlefrombeginningwordsoftext 1B5.1.Ifnotitlecanbefound,andthematerialhasnonincidentaltext,usethe beginningwordsofthetextasthetitleproper.


H.R. Robinson, 52 Courtland St., Caricatures and prints (Comment:ResourcebeingcatalogedisRobinsonsillustratedadvertisement) Free speech, free soil, free men. This is to certify that [blank] is a member of the [blank] Wide-awake Club (Comment:Materialhasblankspacestobefilledinlater.See0G6.4)

1B5.2.Ifatranscribedtitledoesnotaccuratelyoradequatelydescribethenature andcontentoftheitem,supplyadditionalinformationinthenotearea.Provide additionaltitleaccessthroughadevisedorsuppliedtitleifconsideredimportant (seeAppendixF).


Lower West Side, Buffalo, N.Y., 1972-77

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Summary note: Photographs show the poor and ethnically diverse communities of Buffalo's Lower West Side, representing the first of four visits Rogovin made to this area over a thirtyyear period (from 1972-2002) Note: Title from photographer's notes (Comment:Thetitleidentifiesaplace,andthesummarynoteexplainsthatpeople ratherthanbuildingsarethefocus) Bailey's fine candies, 45 West Street, Boston Note: Trade card shows a smiling boy sledding down a snowy hill to promote the sale of Bailey's candy

1B6.Collectiveorgrouptitleformultipartresources Ifaclearlyidentifiableandconsistentlyusedcomprehensivetitleisprovidedfor someoralloftheitemsinamultipartresource,transcribethisasthetitleproper. Ifconsideredimportant,transcribethetitleproperoftheindividualitems themselvesinacontentsnote(see7B15).Ifcreatingseparaterecordsfor individualitems,applytheappropriaterule(1B11orarea6,see[precataloging decisions]).


The illustration of the Siberian War (Comment:Thistitleisprintedoneachpictureinthegroup,inadditiontoan individualtitleforeachprint) Photographic views of Kern County, California (Comment:Titleforasetof460photographsbyCarletonWatkins) Beebe Windmill, Hildreath Lane & Ocean Avenue (moved several times), Bridgehampton, Suffolk County, NY (Comment:Thecreatorofasetofarchitecturaldrawingsandphotographs providedthistitleandsimilarinformationiswrittenonthedrawingsandina photocaptionlist)

Ifatitlegivenonsomeoralloftheitemsinamultipartresourceisnot consistentlyusedfromitemtoitemandnoneisgivenpreferenceinreference sources,choosethetitlethatidentifiestheresourcemostadequatelyand succinctly.Donotenclosethetitleinsquarebrackets.Provideadditionaltitle accessifconsideredimportant(seeAppendixF). 1B7.Abridgmentsofthetitleproper 1B7.1.Generalrule.Abridgealongtitleproperonlyifitcanbedonewithout lossofessentialinformation.Donotomitanyofthefirstfivewords.Indicate omissionsbythemarkofomission.Ifpossible,however,trytoretaintheentire titleevenifitisverylong. 52 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Canadiens-Francais! Le Prussien est encore sur le sol de France ... Enrolez-vous dans le 189e Bataillon, F.E.C. Frank Schubert polishes the station's lens once a week. The flashing red signal, which operates from a half hour before sunset until a half hour before sunrise, is a reference point for all traffic using the harbor

1B7.2.Alternativetitle.Ifthetitlepropercontainsanalternativetitle,donot omitanyofthefirstfivewordsofthealternativetitle.
How to gammon the deep ones, or, The way to overturn a coach ...

1B7.3.Chieftitle.Extendthetranscriptionofthetitleproperatleastthroughthe endofthechieftitleoftheresource.Applythisprovisionevenifotherwordsin thetitleproperprecedethechieftitle(see1B1.1,1B3.1).Iftheendofthechieftitle cannotbedetermined,breakoffthetranscriptionatthefirstgrammatically acceptableplace,butinnoeventwithinthefirstfivewordsofthechieftitle.


This view of La Valletta, taken from the Gargur Battery during the siege in 1800 is most humbly inscribed by permission to Brigadier General Thomas Graham then commanding the allied forces in Malta ... (Comment:ThechieftitlebeginsViewofLaVallettabutitsendingis ambiguous)

1B8.Titleproperwithnameofpartorsectionofawork Ifthetitleproperforaworkthatisapartorasectionofanotherworkappearsin twoormoregrammaticallyseparableparts,transcribethetitleofthemainwork first,followedbythenameofthepartorsection(s)inorderofdependence.Ifthe arrangementindicatedrequiresexplanation,makeanotetoindicatetheactual readingofthetitles.


Betty Boop. "Yes, sir, everything's ho-kee-doke, Betty's voice is normal again!" (Comment:Acomicstripnameandthewordsfromthefirstballoonarearranged inorderofdependence) Ishpiming, residence of Mr. Wm. S. Corby. Elevation facing north (Comment:OneofanumberofarchitecturaldrawingsforIshpiming) Catalogue gnral officiel. Tome second. Groupe II, Oeuvres dart, classes 7 10

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY

1C.Paralleltitles
1C1.Orderandsourceofparalleltitles Transcribeparalleltitlesintheorderindicatedbytheirsequenceorlayout. 1C2.Languageofparalleltitlesandrelationshiptotitleproper 1C2.1.Transcribeanoriginaltitleinalanguagedifferentfromthatofthetitle properappearingonorwiththematerialasaparalleltitle,unlessitis grammaticallyinseparablefromanotherpartofthedescription.Iftheorderor layoutappearstobeentirelyrandom,recordtheparalleltitlesinsequence readingfromtoptobottomandfromlefttoright,whereappropriate.
George Washington Eqer, gnral en chef de l'arme englo ameriquaine, nomm dictateur par le Congres en fvrier 1777 = George Washington Eqer, general and commander en chief of the continental army in America Jagd auf Grizzly Bren [graphic] = Chasse au grizzly bear = Hunting of the grizzly bear (Comment:Titleproper,GMD,andtwoparalleltitlesforasingleitem)

1C2.2.Transcribeasothertitleinformationanoriginaltitleinthesamelanguage asthetitleproper(see1D).
The sensational feature, The streets of New York, in 3 parts [graphic] : from the well known play by Dion Boucicault "Me for New York now."

1D.Othertitleinformation
1D1.Orderandsourceofothertitleinformation Transcribeothertitleinformationintheorderindicatedbythesequenceor layoutofthewords.Othertitleinformationisvisuallyorgrammatically separablefromthetitleproperandisofteninsmallerlettersoronaseparateline fromthetitleproper.Donotdeviseothertitleinformation. 1D2.Wordsconsideredpartofothertitleinformation 1D2.1.Generalrule.Transcribetitleinformationthatissupplementaltothetitle properasothertitleinformation,evenifitbeginswithapreposition, conjunction,prepositionalphrase,etc.

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Good cards make card games enjoyable, Congress Playing Cards : crisp, flexible, luster finish, new designs (Comment:Apostertitlehastextinamuchsmallersizethatcanberepresented asothertitleinformation) Brilliant Luna Park at night : Coney Island, New York's great pleasure resort (Comment:Thestereographtitlehasalongdashbetweenthetwo,separableparts ofthetitle) Boston national bloomer girl's base ball club : L.J. Galbreath, originator and owner (Comment:AlthoughL.J.Galbreathisinuppercase,likethetitleproper,itfollows aperiodandclearlyreadswiththerestoftheothertitleinformation) Ancient ruins in the Caon de Chelle, N.M. : in a niche 50 feet above present caon bed (Comment:Alineoftextprintedbelowthetitleproperinsmalllettersistreated asothertitleinformation)

1D2.2.Ifthisothertitleinformationappearsfollowingthestatementof responsibility,transcribeitasasubsequentstatementofresponsibility(see1F5). 1D2.3.Ifthisothertitleinformation,orsomeportionofit,constitutesaformal statementofthecontentsofthework,andisgrammaticallyseparablefromthe titleproperandothertitleinformation,transcribeitinanote,ifconsidered important(see7B15.2).Whentheseformalstatementsareomittedfromthetitle andstatementofresponsibilityarea,usethemarkofomission.


Malerische Ansichten der Roemischen Baudenkmaeler zu Pola in Istrien ... Optional note: Contents: (from portfolio) I. Das Amphitheater und die Stadt Pola. - II. Der Augustustempel - III. Das goldene Thor - IV. Das Zwillingsthor - V. Blick in das Innere des Amphitheaters - VI. Aussicht aus dem Innern des Amphitheaters

1D2.4.Distinguishtheabovesituationsfromthoseinwhichtitlesofotherworks aregivenequalprominencewiththefirstnamedwork(see1F1).Asharedtitle propermayprecedethemultipleothertitles.


The Rebel foray in Pennsylvania : General view of Chambersburg ; The Rebels exchanging their rags for overcoats at Chambersburg, Pa. ; Burning the engine house and machine shops at Chambersburg, Pa. (Comment:Threeengravingsfillthesamepageofanillustratednewspaper;each workhasanequallyprominenttitle,andacollectivetitleprecedesthefirst worksindividualtitle)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY 1D3.Statementsaboutvolumes,etc. Treatastatementsuchasintwovolumesasothertitleinformation,unlessthe statementisgrammaticallyinseparablefrominformationtranscribedaspartof anotherelementorarea(see1F13).Ifthestatementappearsfollowingthe statementofresponsibility,transcribeitasasubsequentstatementof responsibility.


Examples of Gothic architecture, selected from various ancient edifices in England : consisting of plans, elevations, sections, and parts at large, calculated to exemplify the various styles, and the practical construction of this admired class of architecture : accompanied by historical and descriptive accounts [B] General index to fifty-six volumes of the Gentleman's magazine : from its commencement in the year 1731 to the end of 1786 / compiled by Samuel Ayscough, clerk, assistant librarian of the British Museum ; in two volumes

1D4.Dedications Optionally,treatadedicationasothertitleinformation,unlessthededicationis grammaticallyinseparablefrominformationtranscribedaspartofanother elementorarea.Ifthededicationappearsfollowingthestatementof responsibility,transcribeitasasubsequentstatementofresponsibility. 1D5.Abridgmentofothertitleinformation Optionally,ifothertitleinformationisverylengthyandcanbeabridgedwithout lossofessentialinformation,omitlessimportantwordsorphrases,usingthe markofomission.Ifconsideredimportant,transcribeomittedwordsorphrases inanote(includingtheothertitlesorphrasesreferredtoin1D2.3). 1D6.Othertitleinformationwithgrammaticallyinseparableelements Iftheothertitleinformationincludesastatementofresponsibilityoranelement belongingtoanotherarea,andtheelementisagrammaticallyinseparablepartof theothertitleinformationaccordingtooneormoreoftheconditions enumeratedin1B1.1,transcribeitasothertitleinformation.
[B] Constitutiones legitime seu legative regionis Anglicane : cu[m] subtilissima interpretatione Johannis de Athon (Comment:Statementofresponsibilitytranscribedaspartofothertitle informationbecauseofgenitivecaseending)

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY 1D7.Parallelstatementscontainingothertitleinformation Transcribeparallelstatementscontainingothertitleinformationintheorderin whichtheyappearinthesource.


Fort Clark : am Missouri (Februar 1834) = sur la Missouri (fvrier 1834) = on the Missouri (February 1834) (Comment:Aportionofthetitleproperisrepeatedinanotherlanguage)

1E.Suppliedanddevisedtitles
1E1.Titlesuppliedfromanothersource 1E1.1.Ifnotitleisintheprescribedsource,butonecanbetranscribedfrom anothersource,encloseitinsquarebrackets.Citethesourceinanote.
[The great triumphal chariot of Maximilian I] Note: Title from Bartsch, 1001.339 [Villa d'Este, Tivoli] Note: Title from list of illustrations in The Acorn (Comment:Materialisuntitled,butwasidentifiedinthepublishedvolumein whichitoriginallyappeared) [Summer meeting at Long Branch, N.Y.] Note: Title from final, published print (Comment:Materialisuntitled,butexamplesoftheimagewiththisprintedtitle areknowntoexist) [The destruction of Lower Manhattan] Note: Title from BleakBeauty.com, March 2010 (Comment:AWebsitereferencesourceprovidesthetitleforasetofphotographs originallytakeninthe1960sandreprintedin2007)

1E1.2.Ifnotitleisintheprescribedsourceandtwoormoresourcesdisagreeon thetitle,eitherincontentorinlanguage,andnonecanbecreditedwith representingthecreatorsintent,choosethetitlefromanauthoritativesource andtranscribeitinsquarebrackets.Ifconsideredimportant,giveadditionaltitle accesstothevarianttitles. 1E2.Titledevisedbycataloger Ifthereisnotext,deviseabriefdescriptivetitle,preferablyinthelanguageand scriptofthecatalogingagency,andusethisdevisedtitle,enclosedinsquare brackets,asthetitleproper.

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
[General view of part of the South Water street Illinois Central Railroad freight terminal, Chicago, Ill.] (Comment:Althoughdocumentaryphotographincludesalargesignreading PabstBlueRibbonBeer,thisismerelyincidentaltext)

1E2.1.Fordocumentarymaterial,givethefactualcontentasfaraspossible, enclosedinsquarebrackets.Detailsofthecontent,nature,scope,context, motivation,etc.,ofthematerialmaybefullydescribedinthenotearea.Include thefollowingkindsofinformationinthedevisedtitle,asappropriate:


thesubjecttypeorformofmaterial,e.g.,view,portrait; anidentificationofthemainsubject(s)depicted,i.e.,persons,events, activities,andobjects; geographicallocation(s)depicted,ifknownandsignificant; thedate(includingmonthandday,ifconsideredimportant)orspan datesofwhatisbeingdepictedifdifferentfromthedateofpublication orexecution(seealso4D).

Singleitems:
[President Abraham Lincoln, half-length portrait, facing front] [Exterior view of the market hall in Budapest, 1931] [Bookmark depicting Mount Fuji at sunset] [Sketches of the Signal Corps during the American Civil War]

Multipartresources:
[Child labor in the United States depicted in field work and other agricultural activities] [Portraits of rulers, politicians, military figures and other notables, chiefly relating to the reign of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico, 1864-67] [Architectural drawings for a hamburger restaurant for Blue Bell System, Inc., 1402 Park Road, N.W., Washington, D.C.]

1E2.2.Forworkswheretheinterestisintheaestheticvalueofthematerial,usea terselydescriptivephrasingofthesubject,technique,artisticschoolorstyle,etc., whendevisingatitle.


[Madonna and Child, with angel looking on]

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
[Six squares]

1E2.3.Forworkswheretheinterestisintheformorgenreofthematerial,usea terselydescriptivephrasingoftheformorgenrewhendevisingatitle.
[The four seasons] [Bookplate of Augustin Daly]

1F.Statementsofresponsibility
1F0.Introductoryremarks Recordthenamesofsuchpersonsandcorporatebodies,includingarchitects, artists,cartoonists,designers,draftsmen,engineers,illustrators,painters, photographers,andprintmakersastheyappearonorwiththematerial.Donot recordnamesofpreviousownersandcollectorsinthestatementof responsibility,butratherinanoteregardingprovenance.SeeAppendixXfor choiceofaccesspoints. Includephrasesandabbreviationsthatindicateacreatorsrole. 1F1.Statementsofresponsibilityinthechiefsource Transcribestatementsofresponsibilityfoundinprintedormanuscripttext providedbythecreatororcreatingbodyonorwiththematerialintheformin whichtheyappear.Incaseofdoubt,treatmanuscripttextasitemspecific.
/ Berenice Abbott / drawn, engraved & published by W. Birch, Springland near Bristol, Pennsylva. / drawn by Mrs. Ellen B. Mason, from a photograph / C. Ansell, delt. ; F. Jukes, aqt. / negative by T.H. O'Sullivan ; positive by A. Gardner / respectfully submitted to the President of the U. States by B. Henry Latrobe, survr. of the Capitol, U.S., April 24th, 1817 / designed by Larry Smart / J.C.H. Grabill, photographer, Deadwood and Sturgis, Dakota, Ter.

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
/ The Grabill Portrait and View Co., Deadwood, S. Dak. / KVMandere inuen. ; Maetham sculp. et excud.

1F2.Statementsofresponsibilityfromothersources(attributions) Ifastatementofresponsibilityisnotinthechiefsource,donotsupplya bracketedstatement.Recordtheattributiontoacreatorandthesourceofthe attributioninanote.See7B6.3.1 1F3.Singlestatementsofresponsibilitywithtwoormorenames Ifasinglestatementofresponsibilitycontainthenamesoftwoormorepersons orcorporatebodies,transcribeallnamesasasinglestatementregardlessof whethertheyperformthesamefunctionordifferentfunctions.


/ photographed by Jim Corrieri and Ralph Baxter / drawn by Schell and Hogan from a sketch by J.W. Hayward / sketched & drawn on stone by Parsons & Atwater

1F4.Omissionofnamesinstatementsofresponsibility Whenasinglestatementofresponsibilitynamesmorethanonepersonor corporatebodyperformingthesamefunctionorwiththesamedegreeof responsibility,transcribeallthenamesmentioned.Optionally,iftheresponsible personsorbodiesnamedinasinglestatementareconsideredtoonumerousto listexhaustively,allafterthethirdmaybeomitted.Indicatetheomissionbythe markofomissionandsupplyetal.insquarebrackets.


/ idee e motti di Giannino Antona-Traversi ; disegni di G. Ardy, A. Bonzagni, A. Cagnoni ... [et al.] ; sculture di V. Franco (Comment:Fullstatementofresponsibilityincludessevenmoreartistsnames)

RDAalternative:Indicatetheomissionbysummarizingwhathasbeen omittedinthelanguageandscriptpreferredbytheagencypreparingthe description(RDA2.4.1.5)


disegni di G. Ardy, A. Bonzagni, A. Cagnoni, [and 7 others] ; sculture di V. Franco

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY 1F5.Twoormorestatementsofresponsibility 1F5.1.Withdifferentnames.Iftherearetwoormorestatementsof responsibility,transcribethemintheorderindicatedbytheirsequenceorlayout. Ifthesequenceandlayoutareambiguousorinsufficienttodeterminetheorder, transcribethestatementsintheorderthatmakesthemostsense.


/ on stone by L. Brechemin ; P.S. Duval, lith., Phila. / Harry Fenn ; S.V. Hunt [need example] / Photo studio ; photographer

1F5.2.Withthesamename.Iftherearetwoormorestatementsofresponsibility representingthesameperson,transcribethestatementmostexplicitoftherole. Incaseofdoubt,choosethefullerformofthename.Ifconsideredimportant, recordalternatestatementinanote. 1F6.Termsofaddress,etc.,instatementsofresponsibility Includetitlesandabbreviationsoftitlesofnobility,address,honor,and distinctionthatappearwithnamesinstatementsofresponsibility.


/ The Misses Selby, N.Y. / drawn & etched by the late Rev. Edward Bury

1F7.Qualificationsinstatementsofresponsibility Qualificationssuchasinitialsindicatingmembershipinsocieties,academic degrees,andstatementsofpositionsheldmaybeomittedfromthestatementof responsibility,usingthemarkofomission,unless: thequalificationsarenecessarygrammatically or thequalificationsarenecessaryforidentifyingthepersonorareusefulin establishingacontextforthepersonsactivity(initialsofreligiousorders, phrases,oradjectivesdenotingplacenames,etc.)


/ Rigaud R.A. ; Starling sc. (Comment:RigaudisamemberoftheRoyalAcademyofArtsR.A.) / Wenceslaus Hollar, Bohem. aqua fortiari insculpsit

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY 1F8.Monograms,pseudonyms,anddescriptivephrases Ifthestatementofresponsibilityrepresentsthecreatoronlybyapseudonym,a descriptivephrase,orasymbolsuchasmonogramsordevice,usethat informationinthestatementofresponsibility.Indicatethelatterbymonogram ordeviceinsquarebrackets.Ifthefullnameisknown,giveitinanote.


/ AD [monogram] Note: Woodcut by Albrecht Drer / [butterfly monogram] Note: Signed on plate with James McNeill Whistlers monogram / from a sketch by our special artist / drawn by Hassan Straightshanks, under the immediate superintendence of Maj. Jack Downing (Comment:Straightshanksisapseudonym,Downingisafictitiouscharacter) / drawn on the spot by an officer ; P.C. Canot, sculp. / drawn from the life in Chelmsford goal [i.e. gaol] (Comment:Phrasetranscribedasstatementofresponsibilityeventhoughno personisreferredto)

1F9.Ambiguousstatementsofresponsibility Iftherelationshipbetweenthetitleofaworkandtheperson(s)orbody(bodies) namedinthestatementofresponsibilityisnotclearandisconsideredimportant, supplyanexplanatorywordorshortphraseinthelanguageofthecataloging agency,withinsquarebrackets,ormakeanote.


/ T.H. Shepherd [delineator] ; H. Melville [printmaker]

or

/ T.H. Shepherd ; H. Melville Note: Print by H. Melville after drawing by T.H. Shepherd

Ifconsideredimportant,makenotesaboutexpansions,explanations,and correctionsofstatementsofresponsibilitywhenneededforclarity(see7B6). 1F10.Statementsofresponsibilityfollowingtitlesinmorethanonelanguage orscript 1F10.1.Iftherearetitlesinmorethanonelanguageorscript,butonlyasingle statementofresponsibility,transcribethestatementofresponsibilityafterallthe titleinformation. 62 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Jagd auf Grizzly Bren = Chasse au grizzly bear = Hunting of the grizzly bear / Ch. Bodmer, pinx. ad nat. ; Lucas Weber, sc. Monument consacr a la posterit en memoire de la folie incroyable ... [graphic] = Ter eeuwiger gedagtenisse der dwaasheid ... / B. Picart fecit 1720

1F10.2.Iftherearebothtitlesandstatementsofresponsibilityinmorethanone languageorscript,transcribeeachstatementofresponsibilityafterthetitle proper,paralleltitle,orothertitleinformationtowhichitrelates.Ifanyofthese titleslacksamatchingstatementofresponsibility,transcribetheinformationin theorderindicatedbythesequenceorlayout.


Views of interiors of churches & other buildings [graphic] / drawn on stone by Mr. Jaime from the drawings by the Chevr. Bouton = Intrieurs d'glises et d'autres difices / lithographi par Jaime sous la direction et d'aprs les dessins du Chevr. Bouton

1F11.Nounsandnounphrases 1F11.1.Treatanounornounphraseoccurringinconjunctionwithastatementof responsibilityaspartofthestatementofresponsibilityifitisindicativeofthe roleoftheperson(s)orbody(bodies)namedinthestatementofresponsibility.


The last supper of our Lord [graphic] / the drawings by G. Pfau ; written & engraved by A. Knoller Edison's home, Menlo Park, New Jersey / from a sketch by Theo. R. Davis

1F11.2.Ifthenounornounphraseisindicativeofthenatureoftheworkrather thantheroleoftheperson(s)orbody(bodies)namedinthestatementof responsibility,treatitasothertitleinformation.


The Art Worker's Guild, May 5th 1893, Barnard's Inn Hall [graphic] : 6 lithographs / drawn by J. Pennell, F. Short, W. R. Lethaby, H. Paget, A. Mackworth, G. McCulloch Duke of Buckingham : from an original picture in the collection of the late George Drummond Esqr. at Stanmore / S. Harding delt. ; Vandenburgh sculp.

1F11.3.Incaseofdoubt,treatthenounornounphraseaspartofthestatementof responsibility.

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Henry Clay [graphic] / copied from a daguerreotype portrait by Anthony, Edwards & Co. taken April 1844 ; on stone by F. Davignon ; lith. of Endicott William Shakespear / from an original picture by Cornelius Jansen in the collection of C. Jennens Esqr.

1F12.Statementsofresponsibilitywithinseparableelements Ifthestatementofresponsibilityincludesinformationbelongingtoanotherarea, andtheinformationisinseparablefromthestatementofresponsibility,i.e., wordsthatclearlyreadtogetherwithoutabreak,orthataregrammatically inseparable,transcribeitaspartofthestatementofresponsibility.Forgraphic materials,thisinformationwilloftenbeadateorplaceofcreation.


/ Sarony, New York / photo and copyright by Grabill '90 / Pirie MacDonald, photographer of men, New York / invevented [sic] & engrav'd by A. Benoist at his lodgings at Mr. Jordan's ... / taken during the years 1832 & 1833 by David Roberts

1F13.Illegiblestatementsofresponsibility 1F13.1.Ifportionsofastatementofresponsibilityarepartiallydecipherable, indicateconjecturesandillegibleelementsinsquarebrackets.


/ F[illegible] ad vivum [need example with a conjecture]

1F13.2.Ifthestatementofresponsibilitycannotbedeciphered,recordthe presenceoftheillegiblewordsinanote.
Note: Illegible signature in each lower corner

1F14.Multipartresources. Transcribename(s)astheyappearmostfrequentlyinthesource.Ifthisdoesnot apply,makeanoteaboutthename(s).


[Geological and anthropological features of Alaska and Aleutian Islands, documented during the Harriman Alaska Expedition, 1899] / Curtis

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AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY
Note: The photographer's name, "Curtis," is at bottom left of most images; a few have "E. Curtis" (Comment:Asetof178photographs)

1G.Materialwithoutacollectivetitle
1G1.Twoormoreworksnamedinthematerial Ifthematerialshowstwoormorediscreteimages,eachwithaseparatetitle,and thematerialisnotamultipartresource: recordthemultipletitlesaccordingto1G1.1or1G1.2 or makeaseparatebibliographicrecordforeachseparatelytitledimage, linkingtheseparaterecordswithWithnotes(see7B18) ifthetitlesaresonumerousthatnamingeachoneiscumbersome,devisea collectivetitleaccordingto1E

or

1G1.1.Bysamepersonorbody.Ifthematerialhasnocollectivetitleandbears thetitlesoftwoormoreindividualworks,transcribethetitlesoftheindividual worksintheorderinwhichtheyappear.Separatethetitlesbyaspace semicolonspaceiftheworksareallbythesameperson(s)orbody(bodies),even ifthetitlesarelinkedbyaconnectingwordorphrase.


Scene in Printing-House Square, New York City ; Elevated railway in Greenwich Street, New York City / sketched by Stanley Fox (Comment:Twoimagesonasinglesheet,eachwithastatementofresponsibility forthesamecreator) Difficulties of a working general among the bayous ; Bayou navigation in Dixie / from a sketch by Mr. Theodore R. Davis (Comment:Threeimagesshareatitleandafourthimagehasitsowntitleallon onesheet;samecreator)

1G1.2.Bydifferentpersonsorbodies.Iftheindividualimagesarebydifferent personsorbodies,ortheauthorshipisindoubt,precedeeachtitleotherthanthe firstbyaperiodandonespace,unlessalinkingwordorphraseisalready present.Precedeeachstatementofresponsibilitybyaspaceslashspace.


Charles E. Courtney / photographed by Ernsberger & Ray. Edward Harlan / photographed by J. Bruce & Co. (Comment:Twoportraits,oneofCharlesE.Courtney,theotherofEdward Harlan,eachbydifferentphotographers)

AREA1.TITLEANDSTATEMENTOFRESPONSIBILITY 1G2.Oneormoreworksnotnamedonthematerial Ifthematerialhasnocollectivetitle,andoneormoreimagescontainedinthe materialisnotnamed: transcribethetitleandstatementofresponsibilityfromthenamedimages, anddescribetheotherimage(s)inacontentsnote(see7B15) or makeaseparatedescriptionforeachimage,devisingtitleswhere necessary,andlinkingtheseparatedescriptionswithWithnotes(see 7B18) deviseacollectivetitle,preferablyinthelanguageandscriptofthe catalogingagency,andusethisdevisedtitle,enclosedinsquarebrackets, asthetitleproper(see1E2)
[Sketches of a peacock shutter and fighting peacocks]

or

1H.Generalmaterialdesignation
Addageneralmaterialdesignation(GMD)immediatelyafterthetitleproper. Thegenerictermgraphicisrecommendedforalldescriptions.Ifconsidered important,useamorespecificterminstead(seeAACR21.1.C.1).
Little Red-Riding-Hood [graphic] Roy Takeno reading paper in front of office [graphic] / photograph by Ansel Adams F.S. Chanfrau in the character of "Mose" [graphic] : as originally written for, and performed by him at the Olympic and Chatham Theatres, New York Jagd auf Grizzly Bren [graphic] = Chasse au grizzly bear = Hunting of the grizzly bear [Shepherdess holding two lambs in Azerbaijan] [graphic]

RDAalternative:Usethecontenttypestillimageandanappropriatecarrier type.SeeAppendixX.

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2.STATEAREA
Contents: 2A.Preliminaryrule 2B.Statementofstate

2A.Preliminaryrule
2A0.Applicability Routinelyusedforrecordingeditionstatementsfoundinbooks,Area2isalso usedforrecordingdifferentstates(productionstages)ofprints.Arthistorians traditionallyusethewordstate(asin2ndstate)ratherthaneditionto describeprintswhosealteredappearancereflectsdeliberatechangeseffectedon aprintingplate,block,orstone(thematrix)fromwhichtheprintwasmade. Area2(thestatearea)isthereforetheappropriateplacetorecorddesignationsof stateinprints,particularlywhenthesedesignationsarenecessaryto disambiguatestateswhosesoledifferencesareingraphicratherthantextual content. Donotusethisareatoidentifyrestrikes,whicharemuchlaterprintingsfromthe samematrix,ortorecorddifferencesbetweenimpressionsthatdonotinvolvea changedprintingmatrix,e.g.,handcoloringordifferentpaperstocks(evenif theyareidentifiedaseditionsonthematerial).Usenotesratherthanstatearea todescribevariationsamongphotographicprintsmadefromthesamenegative, ortodescribestagesofprogressivedrawingstudies.Forinstructionsonusing thisareatorecordbibliographiceditionstatementsfoundinpublishedportfolios orbooksofprintsandphotographs,seeAppendixH. Beawarethatthetermedition,whenappliedtoartistsprintsorphotographs, indicatesthenumberofinstancesproduced(aprintrun).Thiskindoflimited editionstatementcanbementionedinanote,withthedesignationoftheitem beingcatalogedrecordedinalocalnote,e.g.,no.4of20)andshouldnotbe recordedinthestatearea.

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67

AREA2.STATE

Alternativerule:Whenlocalpolicyrecommendsthatasinglebibliographic recorddescribemultiplestatesofaprintasadditionalholdings,recordthe stateinformationinalocalnoteinsteadofinthestatearea.See[ref.no.for precatalogingdecisions]


Local note: Repository has proof before letters (Comment:Theexistingbibliographicrecordeitherlacksanindicationofstate inthestatearea,oritdescribesadifferentstate(i.e.,thatafterletters)which includesatranscribabletitle) Local note: Repository has 1st state and 2nd state

2A1.Prescribedpunctuation Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see 0E. Precedethestateareabyaperiodspacedashspace. Precedewordsthatfurtherdescribeastatebyacomma. 2A2.Sourcesofinformation Theprescribedsourcesofinformationforthestateareaarethematerialitselfand asissuedaccompanyingmaterial,inthatorderofpreference.Ifanypartofthe stateareaistranscribedorsuppliedfromanothersource,encloseitinsquare bracketsandindicatethatsourceinanote. Typically,thestatewillnotbeindicatedbytextongraphicmaterial.The catalogersknowledgeofthestatewillusuallybederivedfromconsultinga catalogueraisonnorotherreferencesource,orsimplybycomparisonofthe workinhandwithanotherexample.
[State i of ii] Note: State from Delteil (Comment:Statederivedfromcatalogueraisonn) [Early state, with number 11 in upper left corner, and with top of wig and left hand unshaded] Note: State from comparison with another version

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AREA2.STATE
(Comment:Statementofstatebasedoncatalogerscomparisonoftwostatesofthe print.Stateisinferredfrompurelyvisualinformationthatisdescribedinorder todisambiguatethetwoimages.Recordforotherprintbearsstatement[later state,withnumberremovedfromupperleftcorner,andwithtopofwigandleft handshaded])

2A3.Formandorderofinformation Transcribestateinformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedinthe source,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules(see0G).

2B.Statementofstate
2B1.Generalrule Transcribeastatementrelatingtothestateasitappearsonorwiththematerial, accordingtothegeneralrules0B0G.Includeanyexplanatorywordsorphrases appearingwiththestatementofstate.Beawarethattranscribablestatementsof statearerareingraphicmaterials.
5. Zust. (Comment:Germanabbreviationfor5thstatetranscribedfromartistspencil noteonitem)

2B2.Nostatementofstate Graphicmaterialsarenotusuallyissuedwithanindicationofstate.Ifconsidered important,consultreferencesourcesormakevisualcomparisonsofmultiple impressionstodetermineifmorethanonestateexists,andwhichstateisbeing described. 2B2.1.Iftitle,statementofresponsibility,orimprintdonotdistinguishthestates, supplyastatementofstateinsquarebrackets.Givethesourceoftheinformation inanote.


[2nd state] Note: State from Klipstein (Comment:MadeinconjunctionwithaReferencestopublisheddescriptionsnote readingReferences:Klipstein,A.KtheKollwitz:Verzeichnisdesgraphischen Werkes,201) [Unrecorded state between 1 and 2] Note: Between Pennington's states 1 and 2. The original dedication has been removed, but neither the replacement used in state 2 nor the number in lower left are yet present

AREA2.STATE
(Comment:MadeinconjunctionwithaReferencestopublisheddescriptionsnote readingCitedin:Pennington,R.Descriptivecatalogueoftheetchedworkof WenceslausHollar,552) [Open letter proof] [Printer's proof] [Later state with additional lines in sky and water]

2B2.2.Cataloguesraisonnsandotherreferencesourcesmaygroupunderthe samenumberstatesthatvaryinbibliographicallysignificantelementssuchas title,publisher,date,orsizeofplatemark.Ifconsideredimportant,recordsuch statedesignationsinanote.DonotusetheStatearea.


Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; R. Gaywood fecit Note: Pennington state 1, before Gaywood replaced by "W. Hollar sculp." Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; W. Hollar sculp. Note: Pennington state 2, with Hollar in place of "R. Gaywood fecit"

Alternatively,recordsuchstatedesignationsintheStateareaeventhoughthe alteredtextualcontentsufficestodisambiguatethemanifestationsandto justifyaseparatebibliographicdescriptionforeach.


Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; R. Gaywood fecit [State i] Note: State from Pennington Effigies Paraselci medici celeberrimi [graphic] / P.P. Rub pinxit ; W. Hollar sculp. [State ii] Note: State from Pennington

2B3.Wordssuchaseditionorproof Usejudgmentintranscribingstatementscontainingwordssuchaseditionor proof.Forgraphicmaterials,suchstatementsusuallyindicatealimitededition oraseparateprintingfromthesamematrix.Omitsuchstatementsfromthestate area.Suchstatementsmayberecordedinnotes,ifconsideredimportant.See7B7.

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AREA2.STATE 2B4.Insufficientlydescriptivestatementsofstate Ifanindicationofstateconsistsofoneormorelettersornumberswithout accompanyingwords,oronlywordsthatconveynumbers,supplyan appropriatewordinsquarebrackets.Ifnoappropriatewordcanbedetermined, orincasesofdoubt,simplytranscribethestatementasfound.


3e [tat] [State] 1

3.MATERIAL(ORTYPEOFPUBLICATION)SPECIFICDETAILSAREA
Nogeneraluseofthisareaismadeforgraphicmaterials.

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4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.,AREA
Contents: 4A.Preliminaryrule 4B.Placeofpublication,distribution,creation,etc. 4C.Nameofpublisher,distributor,etc. 4D.Dateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc. 4E.Placeofmanufacture 4F.Nameofmanufacturer 4G.Dateofmanufacture

4A.Preliminaryrule
4A1.Prescribedpunctuation Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see 0E. Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspace. Precedeasecondorsubsequentlynamedplaceofpublication,distribution, creation,etc.,byasemicolon,unlessalinkingwordorphraseisgivenonthe material. Precedethenameofthefirstpublisher,distributor,etc.,byacolon.Precedethe nameofasecondandanysubsequentpublisher,distributor,etc.,byacolon, unlessalinkingwordorphraseisgivenonthematerial. Precedethedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,byacomma. Enclosethedetailsofmanufacture(place,name,date)withinparentheses. Precedeasecondorsubsequentlynamedplaceofmanufacturebyasemicolon, unlessalinkingwordorphraseisgivenonthematerial. Precedethenameofthefirstmanufacturerbyacolon.Precedethenameofa secondandanysubsequentmanufacturerbyacolon,unlessalinkingwordor phraseisgivenonthematerial. Precedethedateofmanufacturebyacomma.

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. Fortheuseoftheequalssigntoprecedeparallelstatements,seetheappropriate rulesfollowing. 4A2.Sourcesofinformation 4A2.1.Theprescribedsourceofinformationforthepublication,distribution, creation,etc.,areaisprintedormanuscripttextprovidedbythecreatoror creatingbodyonorwiththematerial.Iftheinformationforanelementisnot presentinthissource,anysourcemaybeusedtosupplyneededinformationin squarebrackets(see0G6).Ifstatementsbelongingtodifferentelementsarefound inseparatesources,combinethemtomakeacompletestatementinthe publication,distribution,creation,etc.,area.Forpublishedmaterialwitha conventionaltitlepage,seeAppendixH. Forunpublishedmaterial,thisareamayconsistonlyoftheplaceanddateof creation. 4A2.2.Ifanypartofthepublication,distribution,creation,etc.,areaistakenfrom asourceotherthanthematerialitself,makeanotetoindicatethesource(see 7B8).Makeanoteaboutinformationnottranscribedinthepublication, distribution,creation,etc.,area,ifitisconsideredimportant. 4A3.Formandorderofinformation 4A3.1.Transcribepublication,distribution,creation,etc.,informationintheform andorderinwhichitispresentedonorwiththematerial,unlessinstructed otherwisebyspecificrules(see0G). 4A3.2.Ifstatementsbelongingtodifferentelementsappearoutoforder,oras partofanotherarea,andtheyaregrammaticallyseparable,transposethemas needed.Ifconsideredimportant,makeanoteindicatingtheoriginalpositionof thetransposedelements.
London : Printed for & sold by Carington Bowles ... No.69 in St. Paul's Church Yard, published as the act directs, 20 April 1778 Optional note: Place of publication follows street address in imprint St. Augustine, Fla. : W.H. Cushing, [between 1875 and 1878] Optional note: Publisher precedes place of publication on front of mount

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. 4A3.3.Iftheelementsarenotgrammaticallyseparable,ortheirtransposition wouldresultinanambiguousorotherwiseconfusingconstruction,transcribe themintheorderfoundandsupplymissingelementsinsquarebracketsas needed(see0G6).


[London] : Engrav'd from the originals printed in Paris & sold in London by H. Overton & J. Hoole at [the] White-horse without Newgate, [ca. 1726] (Comment:Theplaceofpublicationhasnotbeentransposedbecauseitisnota grammaticallyseparableelement)

4A4.Fictitiousorincorrectinformation Ifallinformationrelatingtothepublication,distribution,creation,etc.,area appearingonorwiththematerialisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,transcribe itnonetheless.Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised, supplythemattheendoftheareaasacorrectioninsquarebrackets.Givethe sourceofthisinformationinanote.Ifsomebutnotalloftheinformationis knowntobefictitiousorincorrect,applytheappropriaterule(see4B9,4C5, 4D2.4).


[B] Sadopolis : Chez Justin Valcourt ... l'enseigne de la Vertumalheureuse, an 0000 [i.e. Brussels : Jules Gay, 1866] Note: Corrected imprint from: Pia, P. Livres de l'Enfer

RDAalternative:Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised, givethisinformationanditssourceinanote.(RDA2.20.7.3) 4A5.Alteredinformation Ifanyoftheoriginaldetailsrelatingtothepublication,distribution,creation,etc., areaarealtered(e.g,burnishedout,scoredthrough,coveredbyalabel)andthe materialinhandshowslaterinformation,transcribethelaterinformation.Ifthe originaldetailsarevisibleorotherwiseavailable,givetheminanote.


London : Pub. by W. Holland, No. 50 Oxford Street, [after 1787] Note: earlier imprint scored through: Pubd. Jany. 16th 1787 by Mrs. Jackson, Mary-le-bone Street, Golden Square

4A6.Elementsrelatingtopublication,distribution,creation,etc.,vs.elements

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. relatingtomanufacture Considerthewordingandlayoutoftextinthesourcewhendeterminingthe mostappropriateplacetotranscribeinformationrelatingtothepublication, distribution,creation,etc.,area.Incaseswheretherolesofpublishers, distributors,andsellersarenotclearlydelimited,aprominentstatementrelating toproductionmayreflectthetendencyofproducers(printers,lithographers, photographers,etc.)tofunctionasmorethansolelymanufacturers.Insuchcases thestatementmaymoreappropriatelybetranscribedastheelementof publicationratherthanintheelementofmanufacture.Consultthefollowing instructionsforguidance. 4A6.1.Statementsrelatingtopublication,distribution,etc.,only Ifpublishedmaterialbearsonlyastatementrelatingtopublication,distribution, etc.,ormultiplesuchstatements,transcribethestatement(s)accordingtothe instructionsin4B,4C,and4D.
[Paris] : Published by Corbeau at Paris and by Robinde at London, [1787] [London] : Publish'd April 3rd, 1784 by Wells, No. 132 Fleet Street : Sold by W. Humphrey, Strand, [1784] London : Publish'd as the act directs, Novr. 21st 1771, by H. Roberts, No. 56 almost opposite Great Turnstile, Holborn & sold by L. Tomlinson, No. 124 White Chapple, [1771] Meadville, Pa. ; St. Louis, Mo. : Keystone View Co., manufacturers and publishers, [1900?], copyright 1900 by B.L. Singley

4A6.2.Statementsrelatingtomanufactureonly 4A6.2.1.Ifpublishedmaterialbearsonlyastatementrelatingtomanufacture,or multiplesuchstatements,generallyassumethemanufacturer(s)toalsobe functioningaspublisher(s),distributor(s),etc.Transcribethestatement(s) accordingtotheinstructionsin4B,4C,and4D.Considerthewordsplaceof publicationandpublisherinthoseinstructionstoreferequallytotheplaceof manufactureandnameofmanufacturerinsuchcases.


London : Printed by Rd. Barry, Chart & Printseller, St. Katharines, 1797

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
Impressum Francofurti ad Moenum : apud Georgium Corvinum, MDLXXIX [1579]

4A6.2.2.However,ifthemanufacturerisknownnottobethepublisher, distributor,etc.,andtheidentityofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,canbe determinedorreasonablysurmised,supplythenameofthepublisher, distributor,etc.,insquarebracketsandtranscribethemanufacturerstatementas suchaccordingtotheinstructionsin4E,4F,and4G.


[London] : [Japan British Exhibition], [1910] (Dundee ; London and New York : Printed by Valentine & Son, Ltd.) [San Francisco] : [Examiner], [1894] (Chicago : The Winters Art Litho. Co.) [Chicago?] : [Abbey, Schoeffel & Grau?], [1893?] (Cinti [Cincinnati], New York : Strobridge Lith. Co.)

4A6.3.Statementsrelatingbothtopublication,distribution,etc.,andto manufacture Ifthepublicationbearsstatementsrelatingbothtopublication,distribution,etc., andtomanufacture,determinewhetherornotthestatementsaregrammatically separable. 4A6.3.1.Ifthestatementsaregrammaticallyinseparable,transcribethem accordingtotheinstructionsin4B,4C,and4D.Considerthewordsplaceof publicationandpublisherinthoseinstructionstoreferequallytotheplaceof manufactureandnameofmanufacturerinsuchcases.


N.Y. : Lith. & published by James Baillie, 87th. Str. near 3d. Avenue, [1847]

4A6.3.2.Ifthestatementsaregrammaticallyseparable,determinewhich statementisemphasizedinthesource,whetherthroughlettering(largersize, uppercaseletters,boldface,etc.)orbyappearingfirst.Transcribethestatement emphasizedinthesourceaccordingtotheinstructionsin4B,4C,and4D.Ifa secondarystatementidentifiesapersonorentitywithapublication,distribution, etc.roledifferentthanthatidentifiedintheprimarystatement,transcribethe secondarystatementaccordingtotheinstructionsin4E,4F,and4G.


New York : Published by W. Schaus, 629 Broadway, [1860?] (Boston : Printed at J.H. Bufford's)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
Coblenz : Bei J. Hlscher ; London : Published by Ackermann & Co., 96 Strand ; Paris : Arthus Bertrand, diteur, [between 1839 and 1841] ([Paris] : Imp. de Bougeard)

4B.Placeofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.
4B1.Generalrule 4B1.1.Transcribethenamesofplacesassociatedwithpublishers,distributors, andsellersaspartofthiselement.Transcribethenamesofplacesassociatedwith printersandothermanufacturersonlyifappropriateaccordingtothe instructionsin4A6(i.e.,whenthewording,layout,ortypographysuggeststhat themanufacturerisalsofunctioningasthepublisher,distributor,etc.). Forunpublishedmaterial,transcribeorsupplytheplaceofcreationifknownand consideredimportant.Keepinmindthatdrawingsorphotographicprintsofa placearenotnecessarilycreatedinthatplace. 4B1.2.Transcribetheplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,asit appearsinthesource.Iftheplaceappearstogetherwiththenameofalarger jurisdiction(e.g.,country,state,orsimilardesignation),ormultiplesuch jurisdictions,transcribethisaswell.
St. Louis, Mo. Cincinnati, U.S.A. Springland near Bristol, Pennsylva. Carbondale, Ill. Tolworth, England Lincoln, Nebr.

4B2.Placesofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,withinitialprepositions, etc. Includeinthetranscriptionanyprepositionsappearingbeforetheplaceof publication,distribution,creation,etc.,aswellasanyaccompanyingwordsor phrasesassociatedwiththeplacename.


In London Se vend a Paris

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
Imprinted at London

4B3.Suppliedmodernformsofplacenames Ifconsiderednecessaryforidentificationandifknown,supplyinsquarebrackets themodernformofthenameoftheplace.UseanEnglishformofthename,if thereisone.


Christiania [Oslo] Monachii [Munich] but Parisiis (Comment:RecognizableasPariswithoutqualification)

4B4.Suppliedfullerformsofplacenames Ifaplacenameisfoundonlyinanabbreviatedforminthesource,transcribeitas found.Supplyinsquarebracketsthefullformofthename,ortheremainderof thename,ifconsiderednecessaryforidentification.


Cin. O. [i.e. Cincinnati, Ohio] Philada. [i.e. Philadelphia] Phila[delphia]

RDAalternative:Donotsupplythefullformofthenameortheremainderof thename.Recordthefullforminanoteifconsideredimportantfor identificationoraccess.(RDA2.20.7.3)


Cin. O. Note: Place of publication is Cincinnati, Ohio

4B5.Suppliedlargerjurisdictions Supplyinsquarebracketsthenameofthecountry,state,province,etc.,afterthe nameoftheplaceifitisconsiderednecessaryforidentification,orifitis considerednecessarytodistinguishtheplacefromothersofthesamename.Use amodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone.Applytheabbreviations appearinginAACR2,AppendixB.

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
Cambridge [England] Cambridge [Mass.] Newport [R.I.] Washington [Pa.] London [Ont.]

4B6.Twoormoreplacesofpublication,distribution,creation,etc. 4B6.1.Ifthesourceofinformationshowstwoormoreplacesandallarerelated tothesamepublisher,distributor,etc.,orthematerialisunpublished,transcribe allintheorderinwhichtheyappear.


Meadville, Pa. ; St. Louis, Mo. ; Portland, Ore. ; New York, N.Y. ; Toronto, Can. ; London, Eng.

4B6.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheplacesaretoonumeroustolist exhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof identification,theplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,statementmay beshortenedbyomittingalltheplacesafterthethird.Insuchcases,usethemark ofomissionandsupplyafteritinsquarebracketsaphraseinthelanguageand scriptofthecatalogingagencytoconveytheextentoftheomission.Includethe numberofomittedplaces(ifmorethanone)inthesuppliedphrase.


Meadville, Pa. ; St. Louis, Mo. ; Portland, Ore. ... [and 3 other cities]

4B6.3.Ifasubsequentplaceisnotrelatedtothesamepublisher,distributor,etc., transcribeitinassociationwiththepublisher,distributor,etc.,towhichit corresponds.


London : William Heinemann ; New York : McClure, Phillips & Co.

4B6.4.Donot,however,transcribeasubsequentplaceasaplaceofpublication, distribution,creation,etc.,ifitmustberecordedasagrammaticallyinseparable partofanotherelement.


[Paris] : Published by Corbeau at Paris and by Robinde at London

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. 4B7.Placesofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,inmultipartresources Ifthematerialisissuedinmorethanasinglephysicalpart,andtheplaceof publication,distribution,creation,etc.,changes,transcribetheplaceofthefirstor earliestpartandgivetheplaceofthelaterpart(s)inanote.


[B] Stuttgart ; Tbingen Note: Place of publication in v. 33-40: Stuttgart ; Augsburg

4B8.Placenamesthataregrammaticallyinseparablepartsofotherareas,etc. Iftheplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,appearsonlyasa grammaticallyinseparablepartofanotherareaandistranscribedthere,or appearsonlyasagrammaticallyinseparablepartofthepublisher,distributor, etc.,statementandistranscribedthere,supplyinsquarebracketstheplaceof publication,distribution,creation,etc.,asthefirstelementofthearea(see4C3). UseamodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone.


[Springland, Pa.] : [W. Birch] (Comment:Placetranscribedinstatementofresponsibility:/drawn, engraved&publishedbyW.BirchinSpringlandnearBristol,Pennsylva.)

4B9.Fictitiousorincorrectplacesofpublication,distribution,creation,etc. Iftheplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,appearingonorwiththe materialisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,transcribeitnonetheless.Ifthereal detailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised,supplytheminsquare brackets,usingamodernEnglishformofname,ifthereisone,andgivethebasis forthecorrectioninanote.If,however,theentirestatementconsistingofplace, publisher,anddateisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,apply4A4.


Bethel. [i.e. London] Note: Fictitious place of publication represents Bethlehem Hospital, but presumably published in London based on satiric content

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. RDAalternative:Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised. givethisinformationanditssourceinanote(RDA2.8.2.3)


Bethel. Note: Fictitious place of publication represents Bethlehem Hospital, but presumably published in London based on satiric content

4B10.Suppliedplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc. 4B10.1.Ifnoplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,appearsonorwith thematerialsupplyoneinsquarebracketsifpossible.UseamodernEnglish formofthename,ifthereisone,andincludethenameofthelargerjurisdictionif considerednecessaryforidentification.Usethelocationassociatedwiththefirst transcribedpublisher,distributor,etc.,ifoneispresent.Provideajustificationfor thesuppliedplaceinanoteifnecessary.


[London] : Pub. by M. Darly, April 10, 1776 Note: M. Darly was located in London

4B10.2.Ifthenameoftheplacehaschangedovertime,supplythename appropriatetothedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,ifknown(e.g., Leningrad,notSt.Petersburg,forworkspublishedinthatcitybetween1924and 1991).Ifconsiderednecessaryforidentification,alsosupplythemodernplace nameandthenameofthelargerjurisdiction.


[B] [Christiania i.e. Oslo] [B] [Leona Vicario i.e. Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico]

4B11.Placeofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,suppliedbasedon addressorsign Supplyinsquarebracketsthenameoftheplaceofpublication,distribution, creation,etc.,usingamodernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone,when onlyanaddressorsignappearsonorwiththematerial.(Forpublishedmaterial, transcribetheaddressorsignasthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement;see 4C4.1).Whensupplyingtheplace,giveajustificationinanoteifnecessary.


[Paris]

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(Comment:Imprintreads:lenseignedellphant,thetradesignofaParisian printer) [London] (Comment:Imprintreads:PublishdMarch25,1786,byI.Mills,Strand)

4B12.Placeofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,uncertainorunknown 4B12.1.Iftheplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,isuncertain,supply thenameoftheprobableplacewithaquestionmark,usingamodernEnglish formofthename,ifthereisone,allinsquarebrackets.Keepinmindthat drawingsorphotographicprintsofaplacearenotnecessarilycreatedinthat place.


[Amsterdam?] [London?] [Oslo?]

4B12.2.Ifnocityofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,canbeconjectured, supplyifpossiblethenameofastate,province,country,orotherlarger geographicentityastheplace,withaquestionmarkifnecessary,usingamodern Englishformofthename,ifthereisone,allinsquarebrackets.


[Great Britain] (Comment:CouldbeScottishorEnglish) [Italy?] (Comment:DrawingisofRomanruinsinItaly) [Colorado?] (Comment:Photographerunknown,butimagedepictsGardenoftheGods, Colorado)

4B12.3.Ifthereasonforsupplyingtheplaceisnotapparentfromtherestofthe description,makeanotetoindicatethesourceoftheinformation.
[Amsterdam or Venice?] Note: Artist predominantly active in Amsterdam Comment:DrawingdepictsVenice

4B12.4.Ifnoplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,canbesupplied,asa lastresortusetheabbreviations.l.(sineloco)insquarebrackets.
[S.l.]

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. RDAalternative:Ifnoplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,canbe determined,asalastresortrecordPlacenotidentified


Place not identified

4B13.Placenamesinmorethanonelanguageorscript 4B13.1.Ifthenameoftheplaceofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,appears inmorethanonelanguageorscript,transcribethestatementinthelanguageor scriptofthetitleproper,orifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethe statementthatappearsfirst.Transcribetheremainingstatement(s)asparallel statements,precedingeachbyanequalssign.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginal positiononthesourceofanytransposedstatementsifconsideredimportant. 4B13.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelstatementsaretoo numeroustolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificant lossofidentification,omitparallelstatementsafterthefirstusingthemarkof omission.Transcribetheomittedstatement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.

4C.Nameofpublisher,distributor,etc.
4C1.Transcribethenamesofpublishers,distributors,andsellersaspartofthis element.Transcribethenamesofprintersandothermanufacturersonlyif appropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin4A6(i.e.,whenthewordingor layoutoftextonthematerialsuggeststhatthemanufacturerisalsofunctioning asthepublisher,distributor,etc.). Omitthiselementformaterialknowntobeunpublished. 4C2.Transcribethenameofthepublisher,togetherwithanyassociatedwordsor phrases,asitappearsonorwiththematerial.
: Printed culloured and sould by Rob Walton at [the] Globe and Compasses at [the] West end of St Paules Church turning downe towards Ludgate : Published by Kennedy & Lucas, lithographers, no. 90 South 3rd St.; R.H. Hobson and S.M. Stewart, Chesnut Street

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
: Lithographed by Edward Weber & Co.

Optionally,omitaddressesandinsignificantinformationinthemiddleoratthe endofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement,unlesstheinformationaidsin identifyingordatingthepublicationorisdeemedimportanttothecataloging agency.Indicateallomissionsbythemarkofomission.


Printed for Robert Sayer ... at the Golden Buck ... Published by Ackermann & Co. ...

IfastatementsuchasPrivatelyprintedappearsonthematerial,transcribeit as,oraspartof,thepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement.
: Privately printed : Private plate

4C3.Publisher,distributor,etc.,statementscontaininggrammatically inseparableplacenamesordates Ifthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementcontainsgrammaticallyinseparable statementsrelatingtoplaceordateofpublication,distribution,etc.,transcribe theinformationaspartofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,element.Supplythe placeordateofpublication,distribution,etc.,insquarebracketsinthe appropriateelement(see4B8,4D1.4;seealso4A3.3).


London : Publish'd July 1st, 1790 by J. & J. Boydell, Cheapside & at the Shakespeare Gallery Pall Mall, [1790] [London] : Publishd. Septr. 23d. 1799 & sold by all [the] book & printsellers in London, [1799]

4C4.Publisher,distributor,etc.,statementscontainingonlyaddresses,signs,or initials 4C4.1.Ifonlytheaddress,sign,orinitialsofthepublisher,distributor,etc., appearinlieuofthename,transcribethestatementcontainingtheaddress,sign, orinitialsasthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statement(seealso4B11).Ifthe publishers,distributors,etc.,namecanbeidentified,supplyitinsquare bracketsaftertheinitialsorbeforeoraftertheaddressorsign,asappropriate,or givetheinformationinanote.

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
: Pubd in Ryders Court [i.e. by Mary Darly] and to be had at the sign of the pannel painter in Cheapside, or at the bust of Impudence alias the brazen head in Leicester Square Note: Publisher identified in The Public advertiser Oct. 7, 1762: Mary Darly, in Rider's Court, near Leicester Square : To be had at the Golden Acorn facing Hungerford, Strand [i.e. Darly & Edwards] Note: Address of Darly & Edwards in 1756

4C4.2.Iftheidentificationofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,isbasedonadevice, supplythenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,insquarebrackets,evenifthe deviceincludesthepublishers,distributors,etc.,initialsorspelledoutname. Makenotesasnecessaryaboutthebasisfortheidentification,thesourceofthe informationused,thepresenceofthedevice,etc.


[Eau Claire, Wis.] : [R.G. Shaker] Note: identification of R.G. Shaker taken from his emblem, an "S" with decorative scrollwork

4C5.Fictitiousorincorrectpublisher,distributor,etc.,statements Ifthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect, transcribeitnonetheless.Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonably surmised,supplytheminsquarebracketsandgivethebasisforthecorrectionin anote.If,however,theentirestatementconsistingofplace,publisher (distributor,etc.),anddateisfictitiousorincorrect,apply4A4.


: Pub. March 12, 1792, by Jno. Squabble, Oxford St. Note: Publisher's name is fictitious : Published as the act directs by Danl. Demoniae [i.e. Matthias Darly] Note: Publishers name from British Museum catalog

RDAalternative:Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised, givethisinformationanditssourceinanote.(RDA2.8.4.3) 4C6.Twoormorenamesofpublishers,distributors,etc. 4C6.1.Ifthepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementincludesmorethanone publisher,distributor,etc.,inasinglesource,transcribeallthenamesinthe orderinwhichtheyappear.Transcribethemassubsequentstatementsof 88 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. publication,distribution,etc.,onlywhentheyarenotlinkedbyconnecting wordsorphrases.


: Engrav'd from the originals printed in Paris & sold in London by H. Overton & J. Hoole at [the] White-horse without Newgate : Published by R. Ackermann, 101 Strand ; sold by all respectable book and printsellers in the United Kingdom : Wm. Hannell at the Royal Exchange, Cornhill ; H. Jackson, Fleet Street ; R. Richards, Holbourn ; Danl. Paillet, Princes Street, Leicester Fields & all other printsellers & booksellers in London & Westminster

4C6.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthatthenamesaretoonumeroustolist exhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof identification,thepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementmaybeshortenedby omittingallthenamesafterthethird.Insuchcases,usethemarkofomission andsupplyafteritinsquarebracketsaphraseinthelanguageandscriptofthe catalogingagencytoconveytheextentoftheomission.Includethenumberof omittedpublishers(orfirms)andthenumberofomittedplaces(ifmorethan one)inthesuppliedphrase.


[B] : Printed for F.C. and J. Rivington, Otridge and Son, J. Nichols and Co. ... [and 26 others] [B] : Printed and sold by J. Newbery and C. Micklewright, also by Mess. Ware, Birt, Astley, Austen, Robinson, Dodsley, and Needham, in London ...[and 8 others in 8 other places]

4C7.Namesofpublishers,distributors,etc.,inmultipartresources Ifthematerialisissuedinmorethanonephysicalpartandthenameorformof nameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,changesinthecourseofpublication, transcribethepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementofthefirstorearliestpart andgivethepublisher,distributor,etc.,statementofthelaterpart(s)inanote.


[B] : G.J. Gschen'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Note: Vols. 8-10 have publisher statement: Verlag von G.J. Gschen

4C8.Suppliedandconjecturednamesofpublishers,distributors,etc. Ifnoname,address,ordeviceofapublisher,distributor,etc.,appearsonorwith thematerial,supplythenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,insquare bracketsifknown.Iftheresponsibilityofapublisher,distributor,etc.,fora

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. particularpublicationisconjectured,eitheraddaquestionmarktoanysupplied nameorgivetheinformationinanote.Inanycaseofasuppliedpublisher, distributor,etc.,givesupportingevidenceinanote. 4C9.Publisher,distributor,etc.,transcribedaspartofanotherarea Ifnopublisher,distributor,etc.,statementappearsonorwiththematerial,but thenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,hasalreadybeentranscribedaspart ofanotherarea,supplyitinashortidentifiableformwithinsquarebrackets.


[Springland, Pa.] : [W. Birch] (Comment:Placetranscribedinstatementofresponsibility:/drawn, engraved&publishedbyW.BirchinSpringlandnearBristol,Pennsylva.)

Iftranscribingapublisher,distributor,etc.,statementinthepublication, distribution,etc.,area,however,donotabridgeorexpandthestatementsimply becauseitrepeatsoromitsinformationgivenelsewhereinthedescription.


/ H. Singleton del. ; C. Taylor excudit ; W. Nutter sculpt. London : Publishd by C. Taylor no. 10 near Castle Street, Holborn (Comment:Publishersnameappearsbothinstatementofresponsibilityandin publicationstatement)

4C10.Publisher,distributor,etc.,statementsinmorethanonelanguageor script 4C10.1.Ifthenameofthepublisher,distributor,etc.,appearsinmorethanone languageorscript,transcribethestatementinthelanguageorscriptofthetitle proper,orifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethestatementthatappears first.Transcribetheremainingstatement(s)asparallelstatements,preceding eachbyanequalssign.Makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthe sourceofanytransposedstatementsifconsideredimportant. 4C10.2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelstatementsaretoo numeroustolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificant lossofidentification,omitparallelstatementsafterthefirstusingthemarkof omission.Transcribetheomittedstatement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant. 4C11.Nosuppliednameofpublisher,distributor,etc. Ifnopublisher,distributor,etc.,statementcanbesupplied,orthereisno evidencethematerialhasbeenpublished,omitthiselement. 90 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. Optionally,formaterialknowntohavebeenpublished,usetheabbreviation s.n.(sinenomine)insquarebrackets.


Paris : [s.n.] [S.l.] : [s.n.]

RDAalternative:Ifnopublisher,distributor,etc.,statementcanbesupplied, andthematerialisknowntohavebeenpublished,recordpublishernot identified.


Paris : publisher not identified

4D.Dateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.
4D1.Generalrule 4D1.1.Transcribedatesofpublication,distribution,etc.,aspartofthiselement. Transcribethedateofcreationforunpublishedmaterial.Transcribedatesof printingorothermanufactureonlyifappropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin 4A6(i.e.,whenthewordingorlayoutoftextonthematerialsuggeststhatthe manufacturerisalsofunctioningasthepublisher,distributor,etc.). 4D1.2.Transcribedatesastheyappearonthematerial,includingthedayand month,ifpresent.
, 1856 , 2006, finished 2008 (Comment:Datetranscribedfromartistsnoteonback;paintingwasallbut completedin2006,finaltouchesaddedin2008) , Octr. 22, 1796 , 1 April 1790 , October [the] 20th 1747 (Comment:[the]replacesthebrevigraphyonthematerial)

4D1.3.Transcribewordsandphrasessuchasintheyearandannoaspartof thiselement.

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
London : [s.n.], printed in the year MDCCXXXVI [1736] [Amsterdam?] : R. Baudous excu., anno 1593 [England], drawn June anno 1721

4D1.4.Ifthedateisinseparablefrominformationtranscribedaspartofanother elementorareaaccordingtooneormoreoftheconditionsenumeratedin1B1.1, transcribeitwithinthatareaorelementandsupplythedateinsquarebracketsas thedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.


[23 Oct. 1880] (Comment:Transcribedtitle:NearSaleshouse,23Oct.1880,Otago,Harbour) [1739] (Comment:Publishersstatement:PublishedaccordingtoanactofParlt.the23rd dayofJune1739,f.i.c.byJohnBrett) [1597] (Comment:Statementofresponsibility:EgidiusSadelerscalpsitanno MDXCVII) [1906] (Comment:Titleincludes:...supplementtotheSanFranciscoExaminer,May13, 1906)

4D2.Transcriptioninvolvingadjustmentsoradditions 4D2.1.Romannumerals.Ifthedateappearsinromannumerals,transcribethe dateasitappears.Omitinternalspacesandpunctuation(see0G3.4,0G4.1). Supplytheyearinarabicnumeralsinsquarebrackets.


printed in the year MDCCXXXVI [1736] (Comment:Onpublication:M.DCC.XXXVI) , anno D[omi]ni MDCI [1601] , anno Christi MDCIII [1603] (Comment:Onpublication:M.D.C.III.)

4D2.2.Disguiseddates.Ifthedateappearsonlyinadisguisedform(e.g.,a chronogram),substituteforitthedateinarabicnumeralsinsquarebrackets.If thesupplieddateincludesaday/month,usethesequence:day,month,year. Makeanoteexplainingthesourceofthedate.Includeatranscriptionofthe originalforminthenote,ifpossibleandconsideredimportant(seealso0G2.3)


, [1705]

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Note: Date of publication derived from chronogram Optional continuation of note: ...: en Iste IrrItat CrIbro MonaChos DIspergens

RDAalternative:Inplaceofthechronogram,recordasupplieddatein numerals(inthescriptandcalendarpreferredbytheagencypreparingthe description).(RDA2.8.6.4) 4D2.3.Verylongdates.Ifthestatementofthedateonthematerialisverylong, substituteforitaformalizedstatementinsquarebrackets.Ifthesupplieddate includesaday/month,usethesequence:day,month,year.Makeanote concerningthesourceandtheoriginalformofthestatement.


[B] , [18 May 1507] Note: Date expressed in Latin words on t.p. (Comment:Inpublication:Annogratiaemillesimoquingentesimoseptimodie verodecimoctavoMaij)

4D2.4.Fictitiousorincorrectdates.Ifthedateofpublication,distribution, creation,etc.,isknowntobefictitiousorisincorrect,transcribeitnonetheless (seealso4D3).Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised, supplytherealorcorrectdateinsquarebrackets.If,however,theentire statementconsistingofplace,publisher(distributor,etc.),anddateisfictitiousor incorrect,apply4A4. Ifnecessary,makeanotetoclarifythatthedateaddedasacorrectionisa differingdateofpublication,manufacture,orcreation,notacorrectionofan erroronthematerial.


, Octr. 42 [i.e. 24], 1799 , 1611 [i.e. early 19th century] Note: Materials and style indicate 19th-century manufacture (Comment:apaintedportraitknowntobeafake)

RDAalternative:Iftherealdetailsareknown,orcanbereasonablysurmised, givetherealorcorrectdateinanote.(RDA2.8)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC. 4D2.5.Julian/OldStyledates.Iftheyearofpublication,distribution,creation etc.,isbasedontheJuliancalendar(sometimescalledtheOldStylecalendar)and thematerialisknowntohavebeenpublishedorcreatedinthefollowingyear accordingtotheGregoriancalendar,transcribethedateasitappearsandsupply theGregorianyearinsquarebrackets.9Makeanotetoindicatethebasisforthe suppliedyear.Donotamendthemonthandday,ifpresent,bysupplying Gregorianequivalents.Incaseofdoubt,donotadjusttheyear.


[B] , printed anno Domini 1640 [i.e. 1641] Note: Date of publication based on the Julian calendar; see STC (2nd ed.) [B] , Februar. 8. anno 1588 [i.e. 1589] Note: Imprint uses Lady Day dating; see Steele, R. Tudor and Stuart proclamations

Iftwodatesappearonthematerial,representingbothJulian(OldStyle)and Gregorian(NewStyle)dating,transcribebothdates,separatedbyaslash.Supply theGregorianyearinsquarebrackets,ifnecessary.


Jan. [the] 1st 1745/6 [i.e. 1746] (Comment:Onpublication:Jan.y1st,17456)

4D2.6.DatesnotoftheJulianorGregoriancalendar.Ifthedateofpublication, distribution,creation,etc.,isbasedonacalendarotherthantheJulianor Gregoriancalendar,transcribethedateandsupplytheequivalentJulianor Gregorianyear(s)insquarebrackets.10


TheJuliancalendarwasgraduallyabandonedinfavoroftheGregoriancalendarbeginning in1582,withdifferentcountriesadoptingthecalendarindifferentyears.Thedifficultyin determiningdatesduringthisperiodisfurthercomplicatedbythefactthatJanuary1wasnot universallyusedtoreckonthestartofanewyear(e.g.,beforeadoptingtheGregoriancalendar, EnglandcalculatedtheturnoftheyearonMarch25,theFeastoftheAnnunciationorLady Day).ForassistanceinestablishingGregoriandates,consultareferencesourcesuchasAdriano CappellisCronologiaeCalendarioPerpetuoorC.R.CheneysHandbookofDatesforStudentsofBritish History.
9

Formaterialissuedbefore1582,supplytheequivalentJuliandate(s).Forlatermaterial, supplytheequivalentGregoriandate(s).
10

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
, Fructidor l'an 3e [1795] (Comment:YearfollowsFrenchRevolutionarycalendar) , [1795 or 1796] (Comment:TranscribedstatementofresponsibilityusestheFrenchRevolutionary calendar:J.B.Hetlan4)

Optionally,ifthedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,includesa day/monthbasedonacalendarotherthantheJulianorGregoriancalendar, transcribethedateandsupplytheequivalentJulianorGregorianday/monthin squarebrackets.Usethesequence:day,month,year.


Publi le 9 Thermidor l'an 2e de la Rp. F. [27 July 1794] (Comment:DatefollowsFrenchRevolutionarycalendar) Kal. Mar. [1 Mar.] 1599 (Comment:DayandmonthfollowRomanstylecalendar)

4D2.7.Multipleadjustmentsoradditions.Ifthedateofpublication, distribution,creation,etc.,requiresmorethanasingleadjustmentoraddition, provideallthesuppliedinformationwithinthesamesetofsquarebrackets.


[B] , MDCXIII [1613 i.e. 1693] Note: Corrected imprint date from Wing [B] , anno MDCXVIII [1618 i.e. 1619] Note: Imprint from colophon. Date of publication given in Old Style; see STC (2nd ed.) [B] , [620 i.e. 1859 or 1860] Note: Date of publication derived from chronogram on t.p.

4D3.Restrikes,laterprintingsofphotographs,etc. 4D3.1.Ifthematerialbearsadate,transcribeitasfoundandsupplythedateor estimateddateofprintinginsquarebrackets.Makeanexplanatorynote.


, 1746 [i.e. not before 1804] Note: Restrike date based on watermark , 1620 [but 20th-cent. printing] Note: Printed from the original plates in the Plantin-Moretus Museum, Amsterdam

4D3.2.Ifnodatecanbetranscribedfromthematerial,supplyboththedateor estimateddateoftheoriginalmatrixandofthelaterprinting.Makean explanatorynote.

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
[ca. 1650, but 19th-century printing] Note: Printed from the original plate, on wove paper [photographed 1865, printed between 1880 and 1900] Note: Printed from a Mathew Brady studio negative

4D4.Dateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,suppliedfromother sources Ifthedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,doesnotappearonorwith thematerialbutcanbesuppliedfromareliablereferenceworkorstronginternal evidence,encloseitinsquarebrackets.Givethesourceofthesupplieddateand anyneededexplanationinanote.


, [1939] Note: Publication date based on content (Comment:NewYorkWorldsFairpostcard) , [26 May 1762] Note: Publication date from Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum. Division I, political and personal satires, v. 4, no. 3845

4D5.Conjecturaldateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc. Supplyinsquarebracketsaconjecturaldateofpublication,distribution,creation, etc.,basedonanyinformationavailable.Indicatethebasisfortheconjectureina note.


, [ca. 1917] Note: Publication date based on copyright date: "Copyright 1917 Leslie-Judge Co. N.Y." , [photographed ca. 1865, printed ca. 1890] Note: Dates based on costume of sitter and later printing process , [1901?] Note: Date based on advertisement date of Friday October 18 , [between 1920 and 1929?] Note: Date based on content (Comment:ImageisearlyaerialviewofKansasCity,Mo.) , [1802-1803?] Note: Olive branch suggests publication at the time of the signing of the Peace of Amiens (Comment:ParispublishedimageisportraitofGeorgeIIIofEngland,on horseback,holdinganolivebranch)

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
, [1917 or 1918] Note: Date based on activity of War Work Council of the Y.M.C.A. (Comment:WorldWarIposterprintedfortheWarWorkCouncilofthe Y.M.C.A.)

4D6.Patternsforsupplyingaconjecturaldate Giveaprobabledateorperiodofpublication,distribution,creation,etc., accordingtooneofthepatternsshownintheexamplesbelow,evenifitisonly anestimateofseveralcenturies.


, [1560?] , [ca. 1580] , [ca. 1580?] , [not before 1479] , [not after 21 Aug. 1492] , [1727 or 1728] , [between 1711 and 1749] , [between 1711 and 1749?] , [between 1670 and 1679] , [between 1670 and 1679?] , [between 1600 and 1699] , [between 1600 and 1699?]

probableyear approximateyear probableapproximateyear terminaldate terminaldate oneyearortheother spancertain spanuncertain decadecertain probabledecade centurycertain probablecentury

4D7.Copyrightdatesanddatesofdeposit 4D7.1.Donottranscribeacopyrightdateoradateofdepositinthepublication, distribution,creation,etc.,areaunlessexercisingoption4D7.5. 4D7.2.Ifadateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,doesnotappearinthe sourceanditislikelythatthedateofcopyrightordepositrepresentsthedateof publication,distribution,creation,etc.,supplythedateinsquarebracketsasthe dateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.Includeaquestionmarkifthe supplieddateisconjectural.Makeanotetoindicatethatthebasisforthe supplieddateisthedateofcopyrightordeposit.Includeinthenoteasmuch informationasisdeemedimportanttothecatalogingagency.
, [1939] Note: Publication date based on "Copyrighted 1939"--Verso , [1919] Note: Publication date based on copyright statement "1919 by E.G. Renesch, Chicago"

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
, [not before 1909?] Note: Copyright statement includes the symbol , which first appeared in the U.S. copyright act in 1909 , [1908?] Note: "Photo copyrighted by J.C. Lay 1908" (Comment:TitleofimageisOddFellowsHall.TheVictorsTemperanceBrigade, ElectionDay,Dec.8,1906.Corbin,Ky.)

4D7.3.Ifadateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,doesnotappearinthe sourceandthedateofcopyrightordepositdoesnotrepresenttheprobabledate ofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,noteitnonethelessandsupplyamore accuratedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,insquarebrackets. Provideanexplanationforthesupplieddate.


[B] , [194-] Note: Publication date suggested by WWII imagery on cover; copyright date of 1929 in colophon

4D7.4.Ifthematerialbearsbothadateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc., andadateofcopyrightordeposit,thelatterinformationmaybegiveninanote, ifconsideredimportant.


[B] , 1880 Optional note: "Copyright, 1878, by F.B. Greene"--T.p. verso

4D7.5.Optionally,transcribethemostrecentcopyrightordepositstatement(from itsbeginningatleastthroughtranscriptionofthedate)followingthepublication, distribution,creation,etc.date.Makeanoteasindicatedin4D6.24asrelevant.


, [1865?], entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1865 Note: Deposit statement continues " ... by Gibson & Co. in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of Ohio , [1967?], 1967 [GM], 1967, 1965

4D8.Dateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,inmultipartresources 4D8.1.Indescribingmaterialconsistingofmultiplepiecesproducedovera numberofyears,transcribethedateofthepieceproducedfirstandthedateof thepieceproducedlast,andconnectthemwithahyphen.Optionally,also indicatedatesordatespansmostheavilyrepresentedasabulkdate.


[B] , 1692-1702

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AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.
[GM] , 1845-1860 [B] , MDXIII-MDXXIIII [1513-1524] [B] , MDLVIII-1570 [1558-1570] [GM] 1908-1924, bulk 1910-1915

4D8.2.Recordthedateofeachpieceinanote,ifconsideredimportant.Sucha noteisparticularlyusefulwhentheorderofpublication,distribution,creation, etc.,doesnotcorrespondtotheorderofthepartnumeration.


[B] , 1560-1564 Optional note: Vol. 1: 1561; v. 2: 1564; v. 3: 1562; v. 4: 1560 [GM] , 1845-1860 Optional note: Pl. 1: 1846; pl. 2: 1845; pl. 3: 1860; pl. 4: 1859

4E.Placeofmanufacture
4E1.Generalrule Transcribenamesofplacesassociatedwithprintersandothermanufacturersas partofthiselementwhenappropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin4A6.
[New York] : Pub. by Tichnor Brothers Inc., New York Office, 1472 Broadway, [1939] (Boston, Mass. : "Tichnor Quality Views" made only by Tichnor Brothers, Inc.)

4E2.Suppliedplaceofmanufacture Iftheplaceofmanufacturedoesnotappear,oristranscribedaspartofanother areaorelement,supplytheplaceofmanufactureinsquarebrackets.Usea modernEnglishformofthename,ifthereisone,andincludethenameofthe largerjurisdictionifconsiderednecessaryforidentification.Providea justificationforthesuppliedplaceinanoteifnecessary.


London : Chapman and Hall, 1849 ([London] : Bradbury & Evans) [London] : Published by Paul & Dominic Colnaghi & Co., 13 & 14 Pall Mall East ; Paris : Goupil & Cie., 1855 Jany. 18th ([London] : Day & Son, lithrs. to the Queen)

AREA4.PUBLICATION,DISTRIBUTION,CREATION,ETC.

4F.Nameofmanufacturer
Transcribethenamesofprintersandothermanufacturersaspartofthiselement whenappropriateaccordingtotheinstructionsin4A6.
[New York] : Pub. by Tichnor Brothers Inc., New York Office, 1472 Broadway, [1939] (Boston, Mass. : "Tichnor Quality Views" made only by Tichnor Brothers, Inc.)

4G.Dateofmanufacture
Transcribeadateofprintingormanufactureaspartofthiselementonlyifithas notbeentreatedasthedateofpublication,distribution,creation,etc.,following theinstructionsin4A6.
, 1973 ([printed] 5/5/95) Optional note: Date of creation and date of printing from back, in photographers hand

Alternativerule:Ifadecisionhasbeenmadetouseasinglebibliographic descriptionfororiginalandlaterprintings(e.g.,restrikes,photographs printedlater),recordthedateofmanufactureinalocalnote.

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5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTIONAREA
Contents: 5A.Preliminaryrule 5B.Extent 5C.Otherphysicaldetails 5D.Sizeandformat 5E.Accompanyingmaterial

5A.Preliminaryrule
5A0.Thestatementofphysicalcharacteristicsprovides:

anindicationoftheextent(e.g.,numberofphysicalunits) thespecificmaterialdesignation(anindicationofthemediumofthe material) otherdetailsofphysicaldescription,asappropriate; anindicationofthematerialuponwhichtheimage(s)isprintedor executed(primarysupport),ifsignificant anindicationofthematerialuponwhichtheimageismounted (secondarysupport),ifsignificant thesize theformat,ifsignificant anindicationofaccompanyingmaterial

5A1.Prescribedpunctuation Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see 0E. Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspaceorstartanewparagraph. Encloserefinementsofthestatementofextentinparentheses. Precedeotherphysicaldetailsbyacolon. Separateeachportionofotherphysicaldetailswithacommaorconjunction

DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION Precedesizebyasemicolon. Separateadditionalmeasurementswithacomma. Encloseastatementofformatinparentheses. Precedeastatementofaccompanyingmaterialbyaplussign. Enclosephysicaldetailsofaccompanyingmaterialinparentheses. Iftheareabeginswithtext,donotcapitalizethefirstletter.


ca. 800 photographs

5A2.Sourcesofinformation Takeinformationforthisareafromexaminationofthematerial,orfromreliable descriptionsofthematerialthatprovideexpertinformation,forexample,in conservationdocumentation,findingaids,andcataloguesraisonns.Makeanote toindicatethesourceoftheinformationwhenitdoesnotcomefromdirect personalobservation.

5B.Extent(includingspecificmaterialdesignation)
5B1.Generalrule 5B1.1.Recordextentasanarabicnumeralindicatingthenumberofphysical unitsissued.Donotusesquarebrackets.ThisnumeralprecedestheSpecific MaterialDesignation(see5B2).Recordarabicnumeral1ifthereisonlyoneitem unit,evenifimplicitintheuseofthespecificmaterialdesignationinthe singular.
1 drawing 1 photograph 24 prints 50 photographs

5B1.2.Optionally,whentheexactextentisdifficulttodetermine,recordthe approximatenumberofitems.Precedetheapproximatenumberwithca.(for circa).

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
ca. 50 drawings (Comment:Impossibletodetermineifsomesheetshavemultipledrawingsora singledrawingwithmultipleelements) ca. 500 photographs

RDAalternative:Useapproximatelyinsteadofca. 5B2.Specificmaterialdesignation 5B2.1.Chooseatermfromthelistbelowforthespecificmaterialdesignation (SMD).Ifconsideredimportant,givefurtherdescriptioninotherphysicaldetails (see5C)andinthenotearea.


drawing(s) painting(s) photograph(s) print(s)

Or,asalastresort

item(s) picture(s)

TheSMDlistisdeliberatelylimitedtoafewgeneraltermsthatcanbereadily recognizedbyabroadrangeofcatalogusers. 5B3.Multipletypesofmaterial Whendescribingamultipartresourcecontainingmorethanonetypeofmaterial, recordtheextentinoneofthefollowingways(seealso5D3): a)recordthenumberofcomponentpartsforeachtypeinasinglestatement, separatedbycommas.


32 prints, 7 photographs

b)recordthenumberofcomponentpartsforeachtypeinaseparate statement.

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
32 prints 7 photographs 47 prints 2 drawings 4 photographs 10 prints 2 items

5B4.Containersandcarriers Recordthenumberandtypeofcontainersorcarriersinparenthesesimmediately followingthespecificmaterialdesignationwhentheyareoriginaltothematerial. Ifconsideredimportant,makealocalnotetodescribecontainersprovidedbythe repositoryorotherwisenotoriginaltothematerial.Seealso5C9. ContainertermsthatmaybeaddedtotheSMDinclude,butarenotlimitedto:


album sketchbook portfolio volume scrapbook box CDROM dvd

47 photographs (in 1 album) 55 prints, 2 drawings (in 1 album of 56 leaves) 100 photographs (on 1 CD-ROM) 15 prints (in 1 portfolio) 25 photographs (in 1 box) (Comment:Materialconsistsofoneportfolioandonebox,issuedasasetbythe artist) ca. 250 drawings (in 2 sketchbooks)

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION 5B5.Multipleimagesononesupport 5B5.1.Ifmorethanonediscreteimageisonasinglesupport,indicatethisin parentheses(seealso1G).


2 drawings (on 1 sheet) 2 photographs (on 1 card mount) 14 photographs (1 contact sheet) ca. 30 photographs (1 film roll)

5B5.2.Optionally,makeaseparatebibliographicrecordforeachimage,linking theseparaterecordsusingWithnotes(see7B18). 5B6.Multiplesheetsforoneimage Ifasingleimageiscomposedfrommorethanonesheet,indicatethenumberof sheetsinparentheses.


1 print (in 24 sheets)

5B7.Incompletemultipartresources 5B7.1.Setsissuedinmultiples.Recordthenumberofphysicalpiecesissuedin thestatementofextent.Providedetailsofmissingcomponentsinalocalnote.If thenumberofcomponentsissuedcannotbedetermined,recordthenumberof physicalpiecesinhandfollowedbyaplussign.Indicateinanotethatthesetis incomplete.


1 print (in 5 sheets) Local note: Repository lacks sheet 2 10 photographs Local note: Repository lacks nos. 2 and 7 38+ photographs Note: Extent based on incomplete set; quantity issued unknown (Comment:Setofpublishedstereographs)

5B7.2.Setsofuniquematerial.Recordthenumberofphysicalpiecesaccording towhatisinhand.Ifthesetisevidentlyincomplete,aswhennumbersinthe sequencearemissing,makeanexplanatorynote.


3 drawings (in 1 portfolio) Note: Set lacks "spring"

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
(Comment:Existingdrawingsclearlyrepresentsummer,fall,andwinter)

5C.Otherphysicaldetails
5C1.Generalrule Recordadditionalphysicalcharacteristicsofmaterialasappropriatetothe materials,localpolicy,andcatalogersexpertise.Detailsrecordedinthiselement mayincludemethodofproduction,presentation,primaryandsecondary supports,andcolor.
1 photograph : color print 1 print : relief 1 print : woodcut, with text in letterpress 1 photograph : negative, collodion on glass 1 drawing : pen and ink 1 painting : oil on canvas 1 print : color lithograph 1 print : photomechanical 1 drawing : watercolor 155 photographs : gelatin silver and albumen prints 1 photograph : photogram 22 items : blueprints 1 drawing : computer-aided design (Comment:ExampleisaprintoutofaCADdrawing;forCADdrawingsin electronicform,see5C4)

5C2.Photographs 5C2.1.Generalrule.Alwaysprovideabasictermtoidentifythebroadtypeof photograph,suchasprint,negative,transparency,digital.


1 photograph : print 1 photograph : inkjet digital print 4 photographs : digital, TIFF

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
6 photographs : color transparencies (Comment:35mmslides) 1 photograph : negative 1 photograph : negative print 15 photographs : transparencies (Comment:35mmslides) ca. 75 photographs (5 film rolls) : negatives

5C2.2.Tradenames,processes,etc.Ifconsideredimportant,givethetradename, photographicprocess,orothertechnicalspecification.
1 photograph : salted paper print 6 photographs : cyanotype prints 1 photograph : Kodak bull's eye print 12 photographs : Kodacolor transparencies

5C2.3.Negatives.Fornegatives,specifythebaseoftheemulsionifitisother thansafetyfilm.
1 photograph : negative (Comment:Safetyfilm) 655 photographs : nitrate film negatives 25 photographs : glass plate negatives

Optionally,alwaysspecifythebase.
1 photograph : safety film negative

5C3.Prints 5C3.1.Generalrule.Ifconsideredimportant,provideinformationaboutthe specificmethodofprinting.


1 print : relief 1 print : engraving 1 print : wood engraving 1 print : intaglio

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
1 print : photogravure 1 print : photomechanical 1 print : Woodburytype

5C3.2.Reproductiveprints.Ifconsideredimportant,providethetypeoforiginal.
1 print : photomechanical reproduction of a photograph 1 print : wood engraving of a painting

5C4.Drawingsandpaintings Ifconsideredimportant,provideinformationaboutthemedium,production tools,orsupport.


1 painting : oil on canvas 1 drawing : pen and ink on paper

5C4.Borndigitalimages Alwaysrecordthefileformatforborndigitalimagesinelectronicform.If consideredimportant,alsorecordthecontainer.


45 photographs : digital, JPEG 10 photographs (on 1 CD-ROM) : digital, TIFF 1 drawing : digital, PDF, computer-aided design (Comment:ExampleisaCADdrawingforastagesetelement)

5C5.Multipletechniquesorprocesses 5C5.1.Whenmultipletechniquesorprocessesareidentifiedinasinglegraphic item,recordasmanytermsasnecessaryorappropriate,withthepredominant one,ifany,first.Termsformedium,technique,process,andformatmaybe freelycombinedwiththeuseofconjunctionsandprepositionsasnecessaryfor brevityandclarity.


1 print : drypoint and aquatint 1 print : drypoint, sandpaper, and roulette 1 drawing : watercolor, gouache, and pen and brown ink over pencil, with gum arabic and scraping out

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
1 picture : collage of photographic prints, newspaper clippings, paint

5C5.2.Whenmultipletechniquesorprocessesareknowntohavebeenapplied butarefullyorpartiallyunidentified,usethetermsmixedmediaormultiple processes,asappropriate.


1 print : mixed media, including etching, mezzotint, drypoint, reversed soft ground etching, electric stippler, scraping, and burnishing 1 photograph : print, multiple processes

5C5.3.Whenmultiplemedia,techniques,orprocessesarepresentinamultipart resource,provideageneralindicationorrecordthespecificnumberforeach category.Termsformedia,techniques,andprocessesmaybefreelycombined withtheuseofconjunctionsandprepositionsasnecessary.


162 items : chiefly photographic prints 20 prints (in 1 portfolio) : woodcuts, linocuts, lithographs 32 drawings (in 1 sketchbook) : 20 pencil, 7 ink, 5 watercolor 25 pictures (in 1 album) : gelatin silver, albumen, and photomechanical prints

5C6.Colorcharacteristics Indicatethepresenceorabsenceofcolor,ifconsideredimportant.Distinguish betweeninherentcolorandhandappliedcolor[addfootnote].Whenindoubtas towhetherapieceishandcolored,usecolor.Uselocalnotestoindicatenon originalhandcoloring(see7B9.5). 5C6.1Color Colorreferstomaterialinwhichcolorisaninherentpartoftheoriginalcreation.


1 drawing : red chalk 1 photograph : color print 1 print : etching and drypoint, blue ink, on green laid paper 1 print : engraving in red ink 1 print : color lithograph (Comment:Lithographwasprintedincolor)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
1 print : tinted lithograph (Comment:Lithographisprintedfromtwostones,onefortheblackoutlineand detailoftheimage,oneforthefawncoloredgeneralbackground)

Optionally,forcolorprintswhereeachcolorisprintedfromaseparatesurface, givethenumberofcolors(i.e.,thenumberofplates,stones,orblockscombined tomakethefinishedprint).Ifconsideredimportant,givethecolorsinanote(see 7B9.5).


1 print : aquatint, 2 colors Optional note: Printed in red and green 1 print : chromolithograph, 7 colors 1 print : photomechanical, 3 colors Optional note: Printed in blue, red, and black

5C6.2Handcolored Handcoloredreferstomaterialstowhichcolorisappliedinaseparate productionstagebybrush,stencil,orothermethod.


1 print : hand-colored lithograph (Comment:Lithographwasprintedinblackinkandcoloredbyhandpriorto distribution) 1 photograph : hand-colored albumen print 1 print : engraving Local note: Repository impression has later hand-coloring

5C6.3.Thepresenceofsomecolororhandcoloredimagesinamultipart resourcemaybeindicatedeitherinageneralwayorthespecificnumbermaybe given.


125 photographs : prints, many color 50 prints : 25 woodcuts, 25 etchings, some hand-colored 45 photographs : prints, 27 color 12 photographs : transparencies, 7 hand-colored (Comment:Lanternslides)

5C6.4.Ifconsideredimportant,indicatethattheimageisblackandwhitewith theabbreviationb&w.
1 painting : b&w oil on canvas

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
(Comment:Paintingisagrisaille) 1 photograph : b&w transparency (Comment:Transparenciesarenormallyassumedtobecolor)

5C7.Primarysupport Optionally,expandtheotherphysicaldetailsstatementtospecifythetypeof materialfortheprimarysupportwhenthiswouldconveysignificant information.Sometypicalcasesare:


thematerialisunusualasasupportfortheimagemedium,i.e.,it cannotreliablybeinferredfromthespecificmaterialdesignation suchfeaturesofthematerialastexture,color,orweightareunusually importantinrelationtotheimage thesupportneedstobedescribedinordertomakethebibliographic recorddistinctive

1 painting : on wood 1 painting : oil on paper 1 print : on gold paper 2 drawings (on 1 sheet) : on green laid paper 1 photograph : print on leather 1 photograph : collodion positive on leather 54 pictures (on 1 CD-ROM) : digital, TIFF 1 print : hand-colored etching on pale green laid paper

5C8.Secondarysupport Optionally,recordthesecondarysupportifthemountormatisofhistorical, informational,aesthetic,archival,orotherimportance.


1 photograph : print mounted on cardboard 12 photographs : albumen prints on card mounts 39 photographs : prints on card mounts 1 drawing : on paper, mounted on plywood

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
28 photographs : prints on printed mounts 1 print (in 3 sheets) : on paper, mounted on masonite 1 drawing : mounted on plywood

5C9.Housingorcontainers Optionally,recordoriginalorotherwisesignificanthousing.Recorddetailed information,ifconsideredimportant,inanote(see7B9.4).Ifconsidered important,makealocalnotetodescribecontainersprovidedbytherepositoryor otherwisenotoriginaltothematerial.


1 painting : oil on canvas, in walnut frame 1 photograph : daguerreotype in thermoplastic case 1 photograph : ambrotype in case Optional note: In brass mat within leather-covered wooden case with floral motif on cover. Blue velvet pad with embossed urn 35 photographs : color transparencies, in metal mounts with glass (Comment:35mmslides) 15 drawings (in 1 box) : ink on paper, in leather presentation box

5D.Sizeandformat
5D0.Introductoryremarks Themeasurementofgraphicmaterialstoproduceastatementofdimensionsfor thecatalogrecordisanimportantactivity,sincedimensionsaidinidentifying thematerialandalsoincalculatingspacerequirementsforstorageorexhibition. Differenttypesofgraphicmaterialrequiredifferenttypesofmeasurementsto reflectadequatelythesizeoftheimageareaorofthewholeitem.Forexampleit iscustomarytomeasureplatemarksofintaglioprints,filesizeofborndigital works,sheetsof20thcenturyphotographicprints,andstandardmountsof19th centuryphotographicprintssuchascabinetcards.Boththeprimaryand secondarysupportsofimagesmayalsofigureimportantlyinmeasurements. Althoughthesizeofsomephotographicmaterialsisstandardizedinthetradein inchesormillimeters,givetheactualmeasurementsinthesizeelement accordingtotherulesbelow.Photographicformatsexpressedintermsof

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION dimensions(e.g.,8x10)mayberecordedintheformatelement(see5D2),with anoptionforrollfilmformats(e.g.,35mm)tobetreatedasthesize. 5D1.Generalrule 5D1.1.Generally,recorddimensionsintermsofheightxwidthandspecifywhat wasmeasured.Heightandwidtharedefinedwithreferencetothepositionin whichtheimagewouldbeviewed.Heightisalwaysexpressedfirst.


1 drawing ; sheet 18 x 14 cm

Optionally,alsorecordorientationinanote.
1 drawing ; sheet 18 x 14 cm Optional note: Vertical orientation

5D1.2.For35mmrollfilm,recordstandardfilmsizeinsteadofheightxwidth dimensions.
1 photograph : safety negative ; film height 35 mm

5D1.3.Generally,recorddimensionsincentimetersroundeduptothenearest wholecentimeter(e.g.,ifameasurementis37.1centimeters,recorditas38cm). Usethesymbolcm.Ifthematerialmeasureslessthan10centimetersinthe longestdimension,givethedimensionsinmillimeters.Thefollowingrules provideguidanceforspecialcases.


1 photograph : gelatin silver print ; sheet 26 x 21 cm (Comment:Exampleisastandard8x10photographicprint) 1 print : etching ; plate mark 83 x 67 mm on sheet 90 x 72 mm

5D1.4.Optionally,recordthedimensionsincentimetersroundeduptothe nearesttenthofacentimeter.Thisoptionisdesirableforplatemarksofintaglio prints,whicharetraditionallymeasuredinmillimeters.


1 print : engraving ; plate mark 15.2 x 20.8 cm, on sheet 17.5 x 22.0 cm

5D1.5.Optionally,recorddimensionslargerthan2metersintheshortest dimensiontothenearestmeter.
1 painting : oil on linen ; on stretcher 3 x 18 m (Comment:Paintingisapanorama)

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION 5D1.6.Recordfilesizeofdigitalimagesintermsofbytes(eitherspelledoutor abbreviated).


1 photograph : digital, TIFF ; 101 MB 1 photograph : color digital, JPEG ; 201 kilobytes

5D2.Format 5D2.1.Optionally,formaterialcommonlydescribedintermsofformat(i.e.,shape andsize),addtheformatfollowedbythewordformatinparentheses followingthesizeelement.


1 print : color photomechanical ; sheet 9 x 14 cm (postcard format) 1 print : lithograph, color ; sheet 80 x 55 cm (poster format) 1 photograph : daguerreotype ; plate 5 x 6 cm (ninth plate format) 1 photograph : ambrotype ; visible image 8.8 x 6.5 cm (quarter plate format) 1 photograph : gelatin silver print, b&w ; sheet 26 x 21 cm (8 x 10 format) (Comment:Dimensionsaregivenasheightxwidth,formatisgivenaccordingto commonEnglishusage) 1 photograph : nitrate negative ; support 13 x 11 cm (4 x 5 format) (Comment:Dimensionsaregivenasheightxwidth,formatisgivenaccordingto commonEnglishusage) 1 photograph : print ; mount 9 x 18 cm (stereograph format) (Comment:Exampleisafullstereograph) 36 photographs : safety negatives ; 35 mm (roll format)

5D2.2.Whenmultiplemeasurementsaregiveninthesizestatementandaformat termisappropriate,recordtheformatterminparenthesesfollowingthe applicablepartofthesizestatement.


1 photograph : daguerreotype in thermoplastic case ; plate 7 x 6 cm (ninth plate format), case 8 x 7 cm

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION 5D3.Singleitems 5D3.1.Forsingleprintsanddrawings,recordthedimensionsofthesheet. Precedethedimensionbythewordsheet


1 drawing ; sheet 16 x 15 cm

5D3.1.1.Forplanographicandreliefprints,alsorecordthedimensionsofthe pictorialarea,includinganyintegraltext.Precedethedimensionbyanindication oftheaspectthathasbeenmeasured(e.g.,image,imageandtext,or sheet).


1 print ; image and text 67 x 44 cm, on sheet 80 x 50 cm 1 print : lithograph ; image and text 85 x 60 cm, on sheet 100 x 70 cm

5D3.1.2.Forsingleintaglioprints,alsorecordthedimensionsoftheplatemark.
1 print : etching ; plate mark 27 x 34 cm, on sheet 30 x 40 cm

Ifthesheethasbeentrimmedinsidetheplatemark,ortheplatemarkis indistinguishable,andtheplatemarkdimensionsofamoreperfectexample cannotbeascertained,givethedimensionsofthesheet.


1 print : etching ; sheet 26 x 33.5 cm Note: Description based on imperfect impression, trimmed within plate mark

5D3.2.Whenanimageconsistsofmorethanonesheet,measuretheimagearea oftheassembledsheets.
1 picture (in 4 sheets) ; full image 220 x 120 cm

Optionally,whenthesheetsizesareuniform,givetheindividualsheetsizes.
1 picture (in 4 sheets) ; each sheet 110 x 60 cm

5D3.3.Forunmountedphotographicprints,recordthedimensionsofthe primarysupport(inmostcases,thephotographicpaper).
1 photograph : gelatin silver print ; sheet 26 x 21 cm 1 photograph : print ; sheet 14 x 16 cm

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION 5D3.4.Forphotographicprintsaffixedtostandardmounts,suchascabinetcards, recordonlythedimensionsofthemount.Optionally,alsoprovidethetermfor thestandardmountsizeintheformatelement(see5D2).


1 photograph : print on card mount ; mount 9 x 18 cm 1 photograph : print on card mount ; mount 17 x 11 cm 1 photograph : print on card mount ; mount 11 x 6 cm (carte de visite)

5D3.5.Fornegativesandtransparencies,recordthesizeofthebaseofthe emulsion,nottheimagearea.
1 photograph : glass negative ; 11 x 13 cm 1 photograph : film negative ; 35 mm

5D3.6.Optionally,addotherdimensionsthathelptoidentifytheitem(e.g.,when thereisalargesizedifferencebetweentheimageandsupport,whena photographicprintisaffixedtoanonstandardmount).


1 drawing : pen and India ink ; image 13 x 14 cm, on sheet 33 x 42 cm 1 photograph : print on card mount ; sheet 13.5 x 10.5 cm, mount 27 x 21 cm (Comment:printisastandardcabinetcardsizemountedtoanunusuallylarge secondarysupport)

5D3.7.Nonrectangularandirregularshapes 5D3.7.1.Forcircularshapes,givethediameter,specifiedassuch.Usethe abbreviationdiam.


1 print : mezzotint ; image diam. 60 mm, plate mark 80 x 70 mm, on sheet 24 x 17 cm 1 photograph : Kodak bull's eye print ; image diam. 5 cm, on sheet 16 x 14 cm

RDAalternative:Usediameterinsteadoftheabbreviationdiam.

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION 5D3.7.2.Forovalshapes,givethemeasurementsalongtheverticaland horizontalaxes,specifiedasoval.


1 print ; oval image 7 x 5 cm, on sheet 10 x 8 cm

5D3.7.3.Foranirregularshape,measurebysquaringitoffatthegreatestpoints. Indicatethattheareameasuredisirregularand,ifconsideredimportant,include whateverwordorphrasedescribestheshape.


1 drawing : chalk on paper ; irregular sheet 26.5 x 29 cm 1 collage : photographic prints, newspaper clippings, paint ; irregular pentagon image 41 x 36 cm, on sheet 57 x 48 cm (Comment:Thesheetisnotanirregularshape)

5D3.8.Foldeditems Whenanitemisissuedfolded,givethedimensionsoftheprimarysupportand addthedimensionswhenfolded.Donotrecordfoldeddimensionsforitems foldedsubsequenttoissue.Recordsuchdetailsinalocalnote,ifconsidered important.


1 print ; sheet 36 x 63 cm, folded to 10 x 20 cm (poster) Optional note: Brochure unfolds to become a poster 1 print ; sheet 14 x 120 cm, accordion folded to 14 x 14 cm 1 print ; sheet 51 x 76 cm Optional local note: Repositorys example folded to 51 x 38 cm 1 drawing ; sheet 30 x 45 cm Optional note: Folded to 15 x 20 cm (Comment:drawingwasfoldedbyalaterowner,notaspartoftheartists creation)

5D3.9.Scrolls 5D3.9.1.Formaterialcreatedasascroll(asopposedtomaterialrolledfor storage),recordthesheetheightxdiameterwhenrolled.


1 drawing ; rolled to 29 x 3 cm (scroll)

5D3.9.2.Optionally,addmeasurementofdowelsorhandlesiftheyareoriginal.
1 drawing ; rolled to 26.5 x 3 cm, on dowel 35 cm long (scroll)

5D3.9.3.Optionally,recordsheetheightxlengthwhenunrolled

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION
1 drawing ; sheet 39 x 380 cm (scroll)

5D3.10.Sightmeasurementsandframeditems 5D3.10.1.Whenthefullimageisnotvisiblebecauseofanonremovablemator otherobstruction,givethesightmeasurementsand,ifconsideredimportant,the dimensionsofthemat,etc.


1 print : lithograph ; visible image 26 x 30 cm, in mat 34 x 38 cm (Comment:Windowmatandbackingaregluedtogether) 1 photograph : daguerreotype ; visible oval image 7 x 6 cm, in case 11 x 9 cm

5D3.10.2.Whentheitemisinaframeofspecifichistoricalimportance,theframe isconsideredapartoftheworkitself,ortheworkispermanentlyframedatthe requestofthecreatorordonor,givethedimensionsoftheframeseparately, specifiedassuch.


1 painting ; visible image 30 x 24 cm, in frame 47 x 41 cm

5D4.Multipartresources 5D4.1.1.Whenitems,containers,orvolumesareoftwosizes,givebothsetsof dimensions.


488 photographs : prints ; sheets 21 x 26 cm and 11 x 13 cm (8 x 10 and 4 x 5) 65 photographs : nitrate negatives ; sheets 6 x 6 cm and 11 x 13 cm (2 1/4 and 4 x 5)

5D4.1.2.Whenitems,containers,orvolumesareofmorethantwosizes,givethe dimensionsofthelargestfollowedbythewordsorsmaller.Ifnosingleitem hasboththelargestheightandthelargestwidth,givethefulldimensionsofboth items,separatedbyacomma,andfollowedbyacommaandthewordsor smaller.


55 prints : lithographs ; sheets 71 x 44 cm or smaller 633 photographs (in 3 albums) ; albums 29 x 33 cm or smaller 20 items : graphite, colored ink, colored pencil, and blueprint ; in folders 89 x 123 cm or smaller 15 prints ; sheets 41 x 32 cm, 21 x 55 cm, or smaller

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AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION 5D4.2.Whensomeimagesaredesignedtobeviewedhorizontallyandsome vertically,givethemeasurementsaccordingtothemajority.Ifnomajorityis evident,givethesmallerdimensionfirst.Makeanote,ifconsideredimportant.


25 drawings : pen and India ink ; sheets 16 x 27 cm Optional note: Mostly horizontal orientation 10 prints : color lithographs ; sheets 38 x 25 cm (poster) Optional note: Mostly vertical orientation 47 photographs : prints ; sheets 13 x 11 cm (4 x 5) Optional note: Mostly vertical orientation ca. 2,000 prints : lithographs ; sheets 11 x 20 cm (Comment:Eachlithographsamesize,buttoonumeroustoexaminefor orientation)

5D4.3.Optionally,whenmaterialisinacontainerinwhichmaterialwascreated orissued,recordtheoutsidedimensionsofthecontainer.
28 prints (in 1 portfolio) : engravings ; portfolio 21 x 30 cm 280 photographs (in 6 albums) : albumen prints on card mounts ; album 54 x 50 cm (cartes de visite) 47 photographs (in 1 box) : transparencies, color ; film height 35 mm (slide), box 11 x 16 cm

5D4.4.Multipartresourcescontainingmorethanonedistinctcategoryof material Whenamultipartresourcecontainsmaterialfallingintomorethanonedistinct category(medium,format,orcontainer),forwhichseparatephysical descriptionsareconsideredimportant,recordeachpartonaseparateline, startingwiththemostnumerouspart.


20 prints : lithographs, color ; sheets 37 x 24 cm 15 prints : etchings ; sheets 23 x 27 cm 5 prints : wood engravings ; sheets 36 x 46 cm 55 photographs (in 2 albums) ; albums 51 x 46 cm 65 prints : relief process ; sheets 29 x 22 cm or smaller

AREA5.PHYSICALDESCRIPTION

5E.Accompanyingmaterial
5E1.Generalrule 5E1.1.Ifanimageorgroupofimagesandaccompanyingmaterialareissued simultaneously(ornearlyso)andareintendedtobeusedtogether,givethe numberofphysicalunitsofaccompanyingmaterialinarabicnumerals,andthe nameofthematerialattheendofthephysicaldescription.
; sheet 24 x 36 cm + 1 price list ; sheet 20 x 25 cm + 1 ms. catalog

5E1.2.Optionally,givethephysicaldescriptionofaccompanyingmaterialin parenthesesfollowingitsname.
; sheet 21 x 37 cm + 1 pamphlet of descriptive text (18 p. ; 37 cm) ; sheet 25 x 37 cm + 1 map (color ; 65 x 40 cm) ; sheet 43 x 28.5 cm + 5 production files (digital, JPEG ; 66 KB) (Comment:Itemisadigitalprintissuedwithborndigitalproductionfiles)

or or

describetheaccompanyingmaterialseparately mentionitinanote(see7B10).

5E2.Issuedinpocket Ifaccompanyingmaterialisissuedinapocketattachedtoapublication,specify thelocationinanote.


; portfolio 30 x 20 cm + 2 folded maps Note: Maps in pocket on inside back cover of portfolio

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6.SERIESAREA
Contents: 6A.Preliminaryrule 6B.Titleproperofseries 6C.Paralleltitlesofseries 6D.Othertitleinformationofseries 6E.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoseries 6F.Numberingwithinseries 6G.Subseries 6H.Morethanoneseriesstatement

6A.Preliminaryrule
6A0.Scope Usetheseriesareawhencataloginganitemthatbearsaseriestitleprovidedby thecreatororcreatingbodyonorwiththematerial.Itemsintheseriesmaybear individualtitles,ormayrequiredevisedtitles(see[devisedtitlesinstruction]). Donotusethisareawhenthetermseriesappearsaspartofthenameofan artistsproject(e.g.Blueseriestoys)orwhenapublisherhasusedthetermasa marketingorbrandingtool(e.g.,TheRotographSeries);suchstatements,ifnot alreadyrecordedinatranscriptionfield,maybementionedinanote.Provide additionaltitleaccess,ifconsideredimportant. 6A1.Prescribedpunctuation Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see 0E. Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspace. Encloseeachseriesstatementinparentheses. Precedeeachparalleltitlebyanequalssign. Precedeothertitleinformationbyacolon. Precedethefirststatementofresponsibilitybyadiagonalslash.

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AREA6.SERIES Precedeeachsubsequentstatementofresponsibilitybyasemicolon. Precedethenumberingwithinaseriesorsubseriesbyasemicolon. Encloseadatefollowinganumericand/oralphabeticdesignationinparentheses. Precedethetitleofasubseries,orthedesignationforasubseries,byaperiod. Precedethetitleofasubseriesfollowingadesignationforthesubseriesbya comma. 6A2.Sourcesofinformation 6A2.1.Theprescribedsourcesofinformationfortheseriesareaarethematerial itselfandanyasissuedaccompanyingmaterial.(See0D).Forpublishedmaterial withaconventionaltitlepage,seeAppendixH. 6A2.2.Ifaseriesstatementisnotpresentonorwiththematerial,butreference sourcesprovideevidencethatitwasissuedaspartofaseries,donotsupplya seriesstatementintheseriesarea.Rather,providetheseriesinformationina note,ifconsideredimportant(see7B11).Additionaltitleaccessmayalsobe appropriate(seeAppendixF).
Optional note: First of a series of four plates known as A harlot's progress Optional note: From a series of The four seasons

6A3.Formandorderofinformation Transcribeseriesinformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedin thesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules(see0G).

6B.Titleproperofseries
6B1.Transcribethetitleproperoftheseriesasitappearsonorwiththematerial accordingtothegeneralrules0B0G.Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthe titleproperoftheseries(see7B11.1).
(Tim Bobbin's Human passions delineated) Note: Series title from first engraving in series (Five Contemporary Abstractions based on the Landscapes of the East End of Long Island)

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AREA6.SERIES
Note: Series title from artist's inventory

6B2.Iftheseriestitleproperincludesastatementofresponsibilityornumbering thatisgrammaticallyinseparablefromotherwordsinthetitleproper,transcribe itaspartofthetitleproper.


(Watkins' new boudoir series)

6C.Paralleltitlesofseries
6C1.Ifthesourcebearsaseriestitleinmorethanonelanguageorscript, transcribeastheseriestitleproperthetitlethatisinthelanguageorscriptofthe titleproper.Ifthiscriteriondoesnotapply,transcribethetitlethatappearsfirst inthesource.Transcribetheremainingtitle(s),togetherwithanyassociated information,asparallelseriestitles.Precedeeachparallelseriestitlebyanequals sign. 6C2.Optionally,ifitisconsideredthattheparallelseriestitlesaretoonumerous tolistexhaustively,andthatsomemaybeomittedwithoutsignificantlossof identification,omitparallelseriestitlesafterthefirstusingthemarkofomission. Transcribetheomittedtitle(s),togetherwithanyassociatedinformation,ina note,ifconsideredimportant.

6D.Othertitleinformationofseries
6D1.Transcribeothertitleinformationrelatingtotheseries,ifpresent,following theseriestitleproper.
(Watkins' new boudoir series : Yosemite, Pacific Coast) (Watkins' photographic views : From Alaska to Mexico)

6D2.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C),transcribetheothertitle informationaftertheseriestitletowhichitrelates.Ifanyparalleltitleshavebeen omittedfromthetranscription,alsoomittheassociatedothertitleinformation. Transcribetheomittedinformationinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

6E.Statementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoseries
6E1.Transcribeastatementofresponsibilityrelatingtotheseries,ifpresent, followingtheseriestitle.Ifthestatementofresponsibilitydoesnotappearinthis

AREA6.SERIES positioninthesource,transposeasneeded.Providedetailsofthetransposition inanoteifconsideredimportant.However,ifthestatementofresponsibilityis grammaticallyinseparablefromtheseriestitle,see6B2.


[B] (Serie de libros de lectura / Mantilla) Optional note: Series editor precedes series title at head of t.p.

6E2.Parallelstatementsofresponsibilityrelatingtoseries 6E2.1.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C)butthestatementofresponsibility relatingtotheseriesappearsinonlyonelanguageorscript,transcribethe statementofresponsibilityafterthelastparalleltitle(followinganyothertitle informationassociatedwiththetitle). 6E2.2.Ifthestatementofresponsibilityappearsinmorethanonelanguageor script,transcribeeachstatementaftertheseriestitle(orothertitleinformation)to whichitrelates. 6E2.3.Ifanyparallelseriestitleshavebeenomittedfromthetranscription,also omittheirassociatedstatementsofresponsibility.Transcribetheomitted statement(s)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.

6F.Numberingwithinseries
6F1.Generalrule 6F1.1.Ifseriesnumberingispresent,transcribeitasthelastelementintheseries statement.Ifthenumberingdoesnotappearinthisorderinthesource,transpose itasneeded.Providedetailsofthetranspositioninanoteifconsidered important.However,ifthenumberingisgrammaticallyinseparablefromthe seriestitle,see6B2.
(Mexican war series ; no. 3)

6F1.2.Transcribethenumberingasitappearsinthepublication.Donotuseany abbreviationsnotpresentinthesourceanddonotconvertromanorspelledout numeralstoarabic.


[GM] (... ; Tab. 56) [GM] (... ; pl. A)

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AREA6.SERIES
(... ; no. [blank]) (Comment:ExampleisUptonsSeriesofMinnesotaviews,whichlacksnumeration)

6F2.Ifseriesnumberingappearswithoutaseriestitle,transcribethenumbering inanote.Provideanyadditionalinformationabouttheseries(e.g.,asfoundin referencesources)inanote,ifconsideredimportant.


[B] Note: Number "6" appears at head of t.p.; issued as part of the American tract series; see BAL (Comment:Makinganoteonthenumberisrequired;providingtheadditional informationfromBALisoptional)

Incaseofdoubtastowhetheranumberappearingonthepublicationisseries numbering,transcribethenumberinginanote. 6F3.Numberingrelatingtoparallelseriestitles 6F3.1.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C)andtheseriesnumberingalso appearsinmorethanonelanguageorscript,transcribeeachnumberafterthe seriestitletowhichitrelates(followinganyothertitleinformationorany statementofresponsibilityassociatedwiththetitle).


[B] (O.B.E.M.A ; number 11 = O.B.E.M.A. ; Nummer 11)

6F3.2.Iftheseriesnumberingappearsonlyonce,transcribeitaftertheseriestitle towhichitrelates.However,ifthenumberingrelatestoall,morethanone,or noneoftheseriestitles,transcribeitattheendoftheseriesstatement.


[B] (Srie bilingue = Bilingual series ; 5)

6F3.3.Ifanyparallelseriestitleshavebeenomittedfromthetranscription,also omittheirassociatednumbers.Transcribetheomittednumber(s)inanote,if consideredimportant.

6G.Subseries
6G1.Ifbothamainseriesandasubseriesappearinthepublication,givethe detailsofthemainseriesfirst,followedbythedetailsofthesubseries.Ifthemain seriesandsubseriesdonotappearinthispositioninthesource,transposethem asneeded.Providedetailsofthetranspositioninanoteifconsideredimportant.
(Gems of American life. American beauties ; no. 15) (Rocky Mountain scenery. Uintah series ; no. 7)

AREA6.SERIES
Note: Series title appears on front; series number and subseries appear on back (Comment:Makinganoteonthesourceoftheseriestitleproperisrequired; providingtheadditionalinformationabouttheseriesnumberandsubseriesis optional) (Vischer's pictorial of California. Synopsis of California scenery)

6G2.Ifaphrasesuchasnewseries,secondseries,etc.,appearswithan unnumberedseries,transcribethephraseasasubseriestitle.Ifthephrase appearswithanumberedseries,transcribethephraseaspartofthenumbering oftheseries.


[B] (Studies in verse. Second series) (Comment:Seriesisunnumbered) [B] (Killaly chapbooks ; 2nd series, no. 6) (Comment:Seriesisnumbered)

6G3.Ifthereareparallelseriestitles(see6C),transcribeeachsubseriesafterthe seriestitletowhichitrelates.Ifanyparalleltitleshavebeenomittedfromthe transcription,alsoomittheirassociatedsubseries.Transcribetheomitted subseriesinanote,ifconsideredimportant.

6H.Morethanoneseriesstatement
Theinformationrelatingtoasingleseries,orseriesandsubseries,constitutesone seriesstatement.Iftwoormoreseriesstatementsappearinapublication, transcribeeachstatementseparately.
[B] (American poets profile series ; 1) (Thunder City Press poetry series ; number 19)

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7.NOTEAREA
Contents: 7A.Preliminaryrule 7B.Notes

7A.Preliminaryrule
7A1.Generalinstructions 7A1.1.Notesqualifyandamplifytheformaldescription,especiallywhenthe rulesforsuchdescriptiondonotallowcertaininformationtobeincludedinthe otherareas.Notescanthereforedealwithanyaspectofthematerial. 7A1.2.Notes,bytheirnature,cannotbeenumeratedexhaustively,butcanbe categorizedintermsoftheareasofdescriptiontowhichtheypertain.Inaddition tonotesrelatingtotheseareas,therearenotesthatdonotcorrespondtoanyarea oftheformalizedareasofdescription.Occasionallyitmaybeusefultogroup togethernotesthatrefertomorethanonearea,forinstancewhentheyareall basedononesource. 7A1.3.Ifthedescriptionintheareasprecedingthenoteareadoesnotclearly identifytheresourcebeingcataloged,makewhatevernotesarenecessaryfor unambiguousidentification.Whenappropriate,refertodetaileddescriptionsin authoritativesources.Providesufficientinformationtoidentifythespecific source,whetherusingageneralnote,aformalReferencesnotegivingthe sourceinprescribedform(see7B12),orsomecombinationofthetwo. 7A1.4.Notesmayalsobemadetojustifyaddedentriesintendedforspecial indexesofsubjects,personalorcorporatenames,titles,genres/forms,physical characteristics,provenance,etc.Wheneverpossible,usetermstakenfromwell knowncontrolledvocabularieswhenmakingsuchnotesandaddedentries.Such thesauriincludetheThesaurusforGraphicMaterials,RBMSControlledVocabularies, andArtandArchitectureThesaurus.

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AREA7.NOTE 7A1.5.Ingeneral,notesarenotrequired,butsomenotesarerequired,orare requiredinparticularsituations,andaresoindicatedinpreviousrules,e.g.,1B2, 2A2,or4A4,andinsomeoftherulesforthisarea.11 7A2.Punctuation Startanewparagraphforeachnote.Endeachparagraphwithaperiodorother markoffinalpunctuation. Separateintroductorywordingfromthemaincontentofanotebyacolon followedbutnotprecededbyaspace. 7A3.Sourcesofinformation Takeinformationrecordedinnotesfromanysuitablesource.Squarebracketsare requiredonlyforinterpolationswithinquotedmaterial. 7A4.Localversusgeneralnotes 7A4.1.Carefullydistinguishlocalnotesfromgeneralnotesthatrecord informationvalidforallinstancesofthematerialbeingcataloged.Bytheir nature,originalworkssuchasdrawingsareunique,andthuswillhaveonly generalnotes.Incaseofdoubt,assumethatthecharacteristicsofthematerialin handarenotsharedbyotherinstancesandthereforeuselocalnotes. 7A4.2.Detailsofphysicaldescriptiongiveningeneralnotesusuallyapplytoall instancesofastateorissueofaprintorothermaterialissuedasmultiples. Summariesofdetailsthatapplytoparticulargroupsofinstancesmayalsobe given.Notespertainingtoindividualinstancesmaybegivenseparatelyaslocal notes,ifconsideredimportant.
[B] Two binding variants noted, one in red cloth and one in blue cloth [B] "The edition consists of 190 copies on Pescia paper and 10 copies on Japanese paper marked with the letters A to J"-Colophon


11

AcompletelistofrequirednotesmaybefoundintheIndexunderRequirednotes.

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AREA7.NOTE 7A4.3.Includeinlocalnotesoneormoreofthefollowingidentifiers,if consideredimportant:adesignationoftheholdinginstitution(e.g.,arepositorys name,acronym,orcode),adesignationoftheitemsphysicallocation(e.g.,a shelfmark),oranindicationoftheitemsnumber(iftheinstitutionholdsmore thanoneinstance).Suchidentifiersareespeciallyrecommendedifthe bibliographicrecordistobecontributedtoaunioncatalogorothershared database.


LC example imperfect: Plate with numbers 79-80 wanting. Plate with numbers 75-76 in duplicate Lewis Walpole Library impression 1 signed in pencil by printmaker

7A5.Formofnotes 7A5.1.Orderofinformation.Ifinformationinanotecorrespondstoinformation foundinthetitleandstatementofresponsibility,edition(state),publication, distribution,creation,etc.,physicaldescription,orseriesareas,usuallygivethe elementsofinformationintheorderinwhichtheyappearinthoseareas.Insuch cases,useprescribedpunctuation,exceptsubstituteaperiodforaperiodspace dashspacebetweenareas.


[GM] Originally printed: London : Gray, 1879 [GM] Plate from: Great expectations realized, or, Civilizing mountain men / by Mrs. Ellen H.B. Mason. Philadelphia : American Baptist Publication Society, 1862

7A5.2.Quotations.Recordquotationsfromthematerialorfromothersourcesin quotationmarks.Followthequotationbyanindicationofitssource,unlessthat sourceisthechiefsourceofinformation.Indicatethelocationofthequotationon thematerial,ifconsideredimportant.Donotuseprescribedpunctuationwithin quotations.


"Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1865 by Gibson & Co. in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of Ohio" "Du Tahiti lointain ce qu'y vit Gauguin--une idole repue"--Penned note in lower left margin "Janinet produced the dark ground and subtle shading with a variety of crayon manner tools, including a point doubl, point tripl, and mattoir. The fine details, contours, and drapery folds were etched."--Regency to empire : French printmaking, 1715-1814, p. 303

AREA7.NOTE 7A5.3.Formalnotes.Useformalnotesemployinganinvariableintroductory wordorphraseorastandardverbalformulawhenuniformityofpresentation assistsintherecognitionofthetypeofinformationbeingpresentedorwhen theiruseprovideseconomyofspacewithoutlossofclarity. 7A5.4.Informalnotes.Whenmakinginformalnotes,usestatementsthatpresent theinformationasbrieflyasclarity,understandability,andgoodgrammar permit. 7A6.Notescitingotherworksandotherstatesormanifestationsofthesame work Incitingotherworksandotherstatesormanifestationsofthesamework,give whateverinformationisappropriateforeasyidentification.Arrangethe informationprovidedintheformthatmakesmostsenseintheparticularcase. Abridgetheinformationasneededwithoutusingthemarkofomission.
Copy of: Chandos portrait of Shakespeare. In National Portrait Gallery, London (NPG 1) (Comment:NPG1istheoriginalpaintingsaccessionnumber) Illustration of John Milton's Allegro Illustration in: Historia del descvbrimiento y conqvista del Perv, ... / Agustn de Zrate, 1555, p. 19

7B.Notes
Someofthemostcommontypesofnotesarelistedbelow;othernotesthanthose providedformaybemade,ifconsideredimportant.Specificapplicationsof manyofthesenotesareprovidedintheprecedingsections.Makenotesascalled forinthefollowingsubrules,and,generally,intheorderinwhichtheyarelisted here.Ifaparticularnoteisofprimaryimportance,itmaybegivenfirst, regardlessofitsorderinthislist.Whenappropriate,combinetwoormorenotes tomakeonenote. 7B1.Summary(nature,scope,artisticform,etc.) Giveabriefobjectivesummaryofthecontent,meaning,oriconographyofthe material,ifnotapparentfromthebodyofthedescription,introducedbythe wordSummary.Makenotesonthenature,scope,orartisticformwhenuseful toamplifyorexplainthetitleproperandothertitleinformation.Foracollection

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AREA7.NOTE include,asappropriate:dateorspandatesandbulkdatesdepicted;themost significanttopic(s),event(s),person(s),place(s),etc.;arrangement;andremarks onprintedorhandwrittenexplanatoryoridentifyingtextandthelanguageof thematerial.Extrapolationsandconjecturesshouldbeclearlyindicatedby wordingoraquestionmark.Whenadaptingasummaryfromanothersource, provideabriefcitation.


Summary: Advertisement for Acorn Stoves and Ranges showing the portrait of a young woman wearing a bonnet and in the upper right corner the Acorn logo Summary: A caricature against John Philip Kemble Summary: Thesis print engraved for Claude Nicolas Morel's oral defence in La Sorbonne, July 1682 Summary: Full-length reclining figure (Mary Magdalene) at foot of a hill, studying a crucifix held in her left hand. Open book and covered jar on ground in front of her. Small weeping willow tree left midground.--Adapted from Pennington, R. Descriptive catalogue of the etched work of Wenceslaus Hollar

7B2.Languageandscript 7B2.1.Makenotesonthelanguageofthetext,ifpresent,unlessthisisapparent fromtherestofthedescription.Makenotesonthescript,ifconsidered important.


Parallel texts in English and Arabic Latin verse in roman letters, Dutch in civilit, and French in italic

7B2.2.Alwaysnotethepresenceofnonromanscriptifithasbeentranscribed onlyinromanizedforminthedescription(see0F2.1).
Title in Cyrillic script Title transliterated from Korean braille Chief title in Chinese characters (Comment:paralleltitlesarein18thcenturytransliteratedChineseandin English)

7B3.Sourceofdescription;sourceoftitleproper 7B3.1.Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthetitleproper.

AREA7.NOTE
Title from item Title from Pennington (Comment:PenningtonscatalogueraisonnisformallycitedintheReferencesto publisheddescriptionsnote) Title from artist's pencil note on back Title engraved below image Title devised by library staff

7B3.2.Formultipartresources,ifthedescriptionisnotbasedonthefirstpart, identifythepartusedasthebasisofthedescription.
Description based on: no. 2

7B4.Variationsintitle 7B4.1.Makenotesontitlesbornebythematerialotherthantheonechosenasthe titleproper.Ifnonromantexthasbeentranscribedinthetitleproperwithout parallelromanization(e.g.,astranscribedfromthesourceorprovidedby0F2.2), givearomanizationofthetitleproper.(Seealso7B5.4)


Title varies on no. 2 and 6: Illustration from the Siberian War Letterpress title below image: Shakespeare's seven ages (Comment:Titleproper,engravedaboveimage,isShakespearsbeautifulideaon theSevenagesofman)

7B4.2.Makenotesonvariationsbornebyotherversions,ifconsideredimportant (e.g.,ifithelpstoidentifythematerial).
Same image published with other titles: Bird's-eye view of Cincinnati; Cincinnati, 1878

7B4.3.Ifconsideredimportant,alsoincludeherepartialorcomplete transcriptionsoftitleinformationtoshowtheactualwordingonthematerial (e.g.,wheninformationhasbeenomitted)andexplanationsofcatalogersupplied lettersorwords(e.g.,whenbrevigraphsusedincontinuanceofthemanuscript traditionhavebeenexpanded).


Marks of contraction in title have been expanded

7B4.4.Ifconsideredimportant,makeanoteontitlevariationsfoundinreference sources.(SeealsoAppendixF)

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AREA7.NOTE 7B5.Paralleltitles,continuationoftitle,andothertitleinformation 7B5.1.Omittedtitleinformation.Ifparalleltitlesandothertitleinformation havebeenomittedfromthetitleandstatementofresponsibilityarea(e.g., becausetheycouldnotbefittedintothebodyoftheentry,orbecausetheywere verylengthy),theymaybegivenhereasnotes.


Subtitle: Also to what was remarkably observed thereon in the last great frost, which began about the middle of December, 1683, and ended on the 8th of February following. Together with a brief chronology of all the memorable (strong) frosts, for almost 600 years. And what happened in them to the Northern Kingdoms Title continues: ... as originally written for, and performed by him at the Olympic and Chatham Theatres, New York

7B5.2.Picturecaptions,etc.Whenthepictorialelementofasingleworkwithtext (e.g.,aposter,broadside,ornewsphoto)hasadistinctivecaptionindependentof thechosentitle,giveitinanotewithanappropriateintroductorywordor phrase.Headingsandmottoesmaybesimilarlydescribedwiththeappropriate label.(Seealso7B4.1)


Picture caption: General view of the twelve colossal water proof canvas pavilions, ... News slug: Washington fashions April 22, 1929 (Comment:CatalogerhaschosentousenewsphotocutlineTweedsuitsthe smartestfordailyspringwearastitle) Motto above title: Good cards make card games enjoyable (Comment:CatalogerhaschosentouseCongressPlayingCards:crisp,flexible, lusterfinish,newdesignsastitle)

7B5.3.TranslationofnonEnglishtitle.Ifconsideredimportant,givethe translationofatitlenotinEnglish.
Title translated: I in the crowd

7B6.Statementsofresponsibility 7B6.1.Statementofresponsibility.Ifconsideredimportant,makeanoteabout thelocation,nature,etc.,ofthestatementofresponsibility.Distinguishbetween thoseinmanuscriptformandthoseincludedinaprintedimage.


Signed and dated in blue pencil

AREA7.NOTE
Signed on back in pencil

7B6.2.Signatures,marks,monograms,etc.Ifconsideredimportant,notea signatureormark,monogram,etc.,thatisnotdescribedinthebodyofthe description.Ifconsideredimportant,indicatewheresuchsignaturesand inscriptionsappear.Donottranscribethesignatureifithasalreadybeen transcribedinthebodyoftheentry.Distinguishbetweenthoseappliedbyhand andthoseincludedinaprintedimage.(Seealso7B9.6)


Signed on plate within image: Frank O. Salisbury (Comment:StatementofresponsibilitypaintedbyFrankO.Salisburytaken fromcaptionbelowimage) With the artist's stamp (Lugt 977) in the lower margin

7B6.3.Attributions 7B6.3.1.Ifastatementofresponsibilityforapersonorcorporatebodyconnected withtheworkdoesnotappearonthematerial,andanattributionisavailable, givetheinformationinanote.Includetheauthorityfortheattributionwhenever possible.


Attribution to Hine based on provenance Chinese watercolors are attributed to the studio of Tingqua (Kuan Lien-ch'ang) based upon a label in the front of each of the volumes Attribution made by donor Mrs. Maud Hunt Patterson, daughter of Leavitt Hunt Attribution to John L. Magee is based on similarities in draftsmanship and facial characterizations to Magees 1850 satire "The Clay Statue," and to several Mexican War prints he executed for the publisher Baillie Possibly photographed by Jeremiah Gurney (1812-1895) based on a lithographic sheet music cover in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery for the Hamlet Group

7B6.3.2.Ifastatementofresponsibilityrecordedinthetitleandstatementof responsibilityareaorinanoteisknowntobefictitiousorincorrect,makeanote statingthetrueormostgenerallyacceptedattribution.Givetheauthorityforthe informationwheneverpossible.


Gerard Soest (aka Zoust) is no longer thought to be the original artist

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AREA7.NOTE
(Comment:StatementofresponsibilityreadsZoustpinxit.;Edwinsc.) Attributed to Isaac Robert Cruikshank by George (Comment:ThepseudonymDonJuanappearsinthestatementofresponsibility andtheformalcitationforGeorgeisgiveninaReferencestopublished descriptionsnote) "Muybridge published the series under his pseudonym 'Helios'"-Palmquist & Kailbourn. Pioneer photographers of the far west, p. 410 (Comment:ThepseudonymHeliosappearswithinimage,writtenonnegative)

7B6.3.3.Falseattributionsappearinginreferencesourcesorinlibrarycatalogs mayalsobenoted,alongwiththeauthorityforthefalseattributionandthe authorityforquestioningit.


Formerly attributed to C.E. Watkins by collector Eugene Compton. Attribution questioned by Watkins biographer Peter E. Palmquist, who suggests M.M. Hazeltine as likely photographer

7B6.4.Otherstatements.Recordthenamesofpersonsorbodiesconnectedwith awork,orwithpreviousversionsofit,iftheyhavenotalreadybeennamedin thedescription;givetheauthorityfortheinformation,ifnecessary.


After photographic print by Mathew B. Brady After painting by Rembrandt Verses below image signed: Sa. Fairclough. Fell. of Caius Colledge [sic]

7B6.5.Variantformsofnames.Notevariantformsofnamesofpersonsor bodiesnamedinstatementsofresponsibilityifthevariantformsclarifythe namesusedinmainoraddedentryheadings.


[B] By Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury (Comment:Statementofresponsibilityreads:bytheRightReverendFatherin God,GilbertLordBishopofSarum) [B] Charles Pigott is the author of The virtues of nature (Comment:Statementofresponsibilityreads:bytheauthorofThevirtuesof nature)

7B7.Stateandprintinghistory 7B7.1.Alwaysnotethesourceofthestatementofstate.
State from Bartsch

AREA7.NOTE
State from comparison with another version State inscribed below image, in pencil

7B7.2.Makeothernotesrelatingtothestateoreditionbeingdescribedortothe printinghistoryofthework,iftheyareconsideredimportant.Incitingother works,andotherstatesormanifestationsofthesamework,see7A6.Inciting bibliographiesandcatalogs,however,usethepatternforreferencestopublished descriptionsshownin7B12wheneversuchacitationoccursinaformal Referencesnote.


Local note: Proof before letters (Comment:Recordisforlaterimpression,withtranscribedtitle) Optional local note: Library has an artist's proof (Comment:Theidentificationofstateisintheeditionarea.Theidentificationof anartistsproofimpression,whichistypicallyanunnumberedpartofalimited edition,canberecordedinalocalnote)

7B7.3.Ifastatementastoalimitednumberofimpressionsorprintsappears, givethisstatementoflimitationinanote,preferablyinquotedform.
"Edition limited to 250"--Printed below image, lower left

7B7.4.Ifthestatementoflimitationisaccompaniedbystatementsof responsibilityorotherinformationrelatingtotheproductionoftheedition, includeasmuchoftheadditionalinformationinthenoteasisconsidered important.


"Four sets are philanthropic gifts. The recipients are: The Shakespeare Theater of New Jersey, the Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., the Visual Arts Center of New Jersey, and Rutgers University Library. A fifth set is framed and available for exhibit. The remaining eleven prints will stay in the private collections of the artists involved in the project. The paper is Italian C.M.Fabriano/Tiepolo. The portfolio box is anodized brushed aluminum. All materials are archival quality. The etchings were created using traditional etching techniques and hand printed by each of the artists"-Artists' statement

7B7.5.Ifthestatementoflimitationincludestheuniquenumberoftheitembeing cataloged,giveonlythestatementoflimitationinthegeneralnote.Givethe itemsnumberinaseparatelocalnote,ifconsideredimportant(see7A4).


Note: Edition of 40 Optional local note: Library has "Ed. 1/40" (numbered in pencil)

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AREA7.NOTE 7B8.Publication 7B8.1.Generalrule.Makenotesondetailsthatarenotincludedinthe publication,distribution,creation,etc.,areaiftheyareconsideredimportant.If elementsofthepublication,distribution,creation,etc.,areahavebeentakenfrom asourceotherthanthematerial,makeanotespecifyingthesource.


Published in parts Publication date from George No more published "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1870 by John Walsh & Co. in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York" "Price 1d. plain" Date transcribed from artist's note on back; painting was all but completed in 2006, final touches added in 2008 (Comment:Transcribeddatereads2006,finished2008) "Printed by Lori Spencer on a Heidelberg Offset Press at the University of the Arts' Borowsky Center for the Publication Arts"--Colophon

7B8.2.Materialinorfromalargerpublication.Whengraphicmaterialisbeing catalogedthatisorwaspartofapublishedvolumeorportfolio,showits relationshiptothelargerunit.UseintroductoryphrasessuchasPlatein, Illustrationin,In,andPlatefromfollowedbyacolonandthecitation(see also7B17).


Plate 36 in: Diverse figure al numero di ottanta, disegnate di panna, nell' hore di ricreatione, da Annibale Carracci, ... e cavate dagli originali, da Simone Guilino ... Roma : Nella Stamperia di Lodovico Grigniani, [1646] Illus. in: Frank Leslie's illustrated newspaper, v. 69 (1889), p. 101 Plate from: Great expectations realized, or, Civilizing mountain men / by Mrs. Ellen H.B. Mason. Philadelphia : American Baptist Publication Society, 1862 (Comment:Theplatehasbeenremovedfromthepublication)

7B8.3.Subsequentpublicationandotheruses.Makenotesrelatingto subsequentpublicationandotherusesofthematerial,ifconsideredimportant.

AREA7.NOTE
Illustration for: Black and white. Sept. 8, 1906. p. 300-301 (Comment:Itemistheoriginaldrawing,notaplateremovedfromthemagazine) Published as photogravure in: The North American Indian / Edward S. Curtis. Seattle, Wash. : E.S. Curtis, 1907-1930, suppl. v. 10, pl. 334 Published as cover of Vanity fair, July 1930

7B9.Physicaldescription 7B9.1.Makenotesonimportantphysicaldetailsthatarenotalreadyincludedin thephysicaldescriptionarea,ifconsideredimportant.


Printed on paper designed and shaped like an acorn Vignettes of buildings are printed on light card stock. A color print of roses occupies one quarter, and by folding into a cone or "rose" shape and supporting on a nail through the center, a decorative three-dimensional object is created

7B9.2.Makenotestodistinguishamoderncopyofanolderphotographicprint oramodernphotographicprintmadefromanoriginalnegative.
Modern photographic print from original negative made 1915 Later print of 1973 copy negative of albumen print in the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (NPG negative number 082171)

7B9.3.Whendetailsaretoonumerousorcomplextogiveinthephysical descriptionarea,givetheminanote.
Includes pamphlets, broadsides, photographic prints, newspaper clippings, collages, etc.

7B9.4.Ifconsideredimportant,describecontainersorbindingsthatare contemporarytothematerial,orotherwisesignificant.
Contemporary leather covered cartes de visite album, heavily embossed; metal clasp missing Case: leather, 9.3 x 8.1 cm, with geometric oval rosette motif and embossed red velvet pad (Comment:Daguerreotypecase)

7B9.5.Givefullerdetailsofcoloring,ifconsideredimportant.Makean explanatorynoteabouthandcoloringwhenitisknowntohavebeendoneafter theimagewasoriginallyissued. 138 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

AREA7.NOTE
Printed in blue and brown (Comment:Physicaldescriptionislprint:lithograph,2colors) Later hand coloring (20th century?) (Comment:Localnote)

7B9.6.Ifconsideredimportant,makeanoteofinscriptions.Distinguishbetween thoseinthehandofthecreatorandthosebyotherpersons.(Seealso7B6.2)
One drawing inscribed by artist: "To my friend Louis Simon, Oct. 10 35" (Comment:analbumof13architecturaldrawings) "Du Tahiti lointain ce qu'y vit Gauguin--une idole repue"--Penned note in unknown hand, lower left margin (Comment:Localnote,becauseitemisaprint)

7B9.7.Ifconsideredimportant,describewatermarks,trademarks,studio imprints,remarques,etc.
Photographer's stamp on back Photographer's hallmark embossed on separate piece of board mounted at lower right on mount Watermark: Fleur de lis Blind stamp: Mushroom (artist's mark) Ink stamp of publisher on front

7B10.Accompanyingmaterial Makenotesforanyaccompanyingmaterialnotrecordedinthephysical descriptionarea.Givethelocationofaccompanyingmaterialifappropriate.


Accompanied by official "news photo sheets," in which the photographic prints were published, 1945-1946 Accompanied by a booklet, "Delegates Official Guide." Members of the Oldest Inhabitants Association of the District of Columbia (1879)

7B11.Series 7B11.1Titleproperofaseries.Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthetitle properofaseries.


Series title from first engraving in series

AREA7.NOTE
Series title from artists inventory

7B11.2.Otherseriesandserieslikeinformation.Noteanynumbersorletters thatimplyaseries(seealso7B16).Noteanyotherseriesinformationnot transcribedintheseriesarea,ifconsideredimportant.Giveinformationabouta seriesinwhichthematerialhasbeenissuedpreviously,ifconsideredimportant. Makenotesregardingincompleteseries.


Series incomplete: no. 6, 7, 10 15, 22, and 24 wanting (Comment:Generalnotebecausematerialisaseriesofwatercolors) Prints are numbered 1-25

7B12.Referencestopublisheddescriptions 7B12.1.Givereferencestopublisheddescriptionsincataloguesraisonnsor otherauthoritativereferencesourcesifthesehavebeenusedtosupplyelements ofthedescription.Usetheformandpunctuationconventionsrecommendedby StandardCitationFormsforPublishedBibliographiesandCatalogsUsedinRareBook Cataloging.BeginthenotewiththewordReferencesandacolon.


References: Hollstein, F.W.H. Dutch and Flemish etchings, engravings, and woodcuts, ca. 1450-1700, 74 (Comment:Madeinconjunctionwithageneralnotereading:Titlefrom Hollstein)

7B12.2.Makeotherreferencestopublisheddescriptions,ifconsideredimportant. Suchreferencesareespeciallyusefulwheneverthecitedsourcewouldserveto distinguishastate(orvariant)fromsimilarstates(orvariants),substantiate informationprovidedbythecataloger,orprovideamoredetaileddescriptionof thematerialbeingcataloged.


References: George 11628 References: Drugulin, W.E. Historischer Bilderatlas, 331

References: ESTC S95205 STC (2nd ed.) 22527a.5 Hind, A.M. Engraving in England, II, p. 365

7B12.3.Ageneralnotemaybemadeifadescriptionofthematerialbeing catalogeddoesnotappearinaspecificbibliographicalreferencesource.Make suchanoteonlyifthematerialfitsthescopeforthatsourceandthesource purportstobecomprehensiveforitsscope.Prefacethegeneralnotewiththe wordsNotinandacolon. 140 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

AREA7.NOTE
Not in: Wuerth,L.A. List of original drawings and paintings

7B13.Biographical/historicalnote Makenotesaboutthecreatorofthematerialifrequiredtomakeitsnatureor scopeclear.Thismayincludenationality,occupation,training,etc.


[GM] Stretch was a figure and humorous artist who did illustrations for magazines (Comment:ForadrawingbyMattStretch)

7B14.Characteristicsoforiginalofacopy Ifconsideredimportant,givethelocationoftheoriginal(s),thedimensions,and otherrelevantinformationifitisreadilyavailable.


Original: Art Gallery of Ontario, circa 1784-1790, oil on canvas, 267.3 x 364.5 cm

7B15.Contents 7B15.1.Foramultipartresource,listthecontents,eitherselectivelyorfully,ifitis considerednecessarytoshowthepresenceofmaterialnotimpliedbytherestof thedescription,tostresscomponentsofparticularimportance,toprovidethe contentsofamultipartresource,ortoprovideadditionaltitlesformaterial withoutacollectivetitle.


Includes: [need new example]

7B15.2.Transcribecontentsfromthematerialitselfiftheyarepresentedthere formallyandhavenotbeentranscribedaspartofthetitleandstatementof responsibilityarea.Insuchcases,followthewordContentswithacolonanda parentheticalphrasesuchas(fromformallist).Ifaformalstatementof contentsisnotpresentonthematerial,takecontentsfromtheheadoftheparts towhichtheyrefer,or,ifthisisnotfeasible,fromanycontentslist,etc.,thatis present.Formaterialintwoormorevolumes,transcribethevolumeorpart designationsasfound.


Contents: (from section captions) Nrnberg -- Bamberg -Eisenach, Wartburg -- Potsdam, Sans-souci -- Schwarzatal

7B15.3.Ifacompletelistingofcontentscannotbeassembledbyoneoftheabove means,thecatalogermaydeviseacontentsnotefromanyappropriatesourceor combinationofsources.

AREA7.NOTE 7B16.Numbersorlettersbornebythematerial Noteanynumbersorlettersthatimplyaseries(see7B11).Makenotesofany othernumbersorlettersbornebythematerialnottranscribedinanotherarea,if consideredimportant.


Note: Numbered 1 through 4 on plate within image Local note: Repositorys impressions numbered 40 through 43 in pen, upper right margin

7B17.Relationshipnote Whenthematerialbeingcatalogedisrelatedbyprovenanceorhierarchytoa largerunitorcollection,givethetitleorotherdesignationforthelargerunitor collectionintroducedbythephraseformspartof(seealso7B8.2).


Forms part of the Babette Craven Collection of Theatrical Memorabilia

7B18.Withnotes 7B18.1.Whencatalogingasseparaterecordstwoormoreseparatelytitled imagesonasinglesupportorotherwiseissuedtogether,makeanotebeginning Withfollowedbyacolon.Listtheotherimagesinthenote,intheorderin whichtheyarefound.Usewordingidenticaltotheotherrecord(s)tofacilitate retrieval.


With: The rising of prentices and sea-men on Southwark side to assault the Arch-bishop of Canterburys House at Lambeth

7B18.2.Iftheworksweremountedorboundtogethersubsequenttocreation, ratherthanissuedtogetherbythepublisher,distributor,artist,etc.,makealocal note,ifconsideredimportant. 7B19.Termsofaccess,use,andreproduction 7B19.1.Restrictionsonaccess.Whenthematerialisnotgenerallyavailableto researchers,orwhenaccessandhandlingisrestricted,explainthenatureand extentoftherestrictions.


Restricted: Material extremely fragile; please use online digital image Access Advisory: Please allow fourteen days advance notice to view unprocessed materials

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AREA7.NOTE 7B19.2.Limitsonuseandreproduction.Whenuseofthematerialafteraccess hasbeengrantedisrestricted,explainthenatureandextentoftherestrictions.


Rights Advisory: Publication restricted by copyright

7B20.Preferredcitation Provideaspecificcitationformatforcitingthematerial,ifconsideredimportant. 7B21.Provenance Makeanotetodescribedetailsofanitemsprovenance,ifconsideredimportant. Inlessdetaileddescriptions,itisadvisabletosummarizeprovenance information,withoutprovidingexacttranscriptionsordescriptionsofthe evidence.Includethenamesofformerownersorotherindividualsofinterest andapproximatedates,wheneverpossible.


Former owner: Alfred Barrion Given by David Garrick to John Taylor, 1774

Moredetaileddescriptionsofprovenancemightincludesuchadditionalfeatures as:exacttranscriptionsofinscriptions,stamps,shelfmarks,etc.;locationofeach onthematerial;approximatedateswhenknown;referencestopublished descriptionsofthecollectionsofformerownersoftheitem,particularlyifthe itemiscitedinthesource,etc.


From the collection of Alfred Barrion: ink stamp, in red, with "AB" monogram in circle (Lugt 76) at lower left, within image Given by David Garrick to John Taylor; annotated in black paint at lower right: "Anno: 1774. This Portrait of my dear, & worthy friend DAVID GARRICK Esqr. (painted by Mr. N: Dance of London) was presented to me by Himself: & is, in my own opinion, as well as every other persons; allowd, to be the most true, & striking, likeness; of that great Man, that ever was painted. John Taylor"

7B22.Source Ifconsideredimportant,recordhowthematerialwasacquired(i.e.,gift, purchase,deposit,transfer,etc.)andthedonororsource(i.e.,theimmediate priorcustodian).Inaddition,thedonorsrelationshiptothematerialmaybe indicated.Addtheyearoryearsofaccession(andtheaccessionnumber,if consideredimportant)tothenameofthedonororsource.

AREA7.NOTE
Gift; Crosby Stuart Noyes; 1906

7B23.Additionalphysicalformat Ifconsiderdimportant,recordinformationconcerningadifferentphysical formatinwhichthedescribeditemisavailable.


A digital surrogate is also available Reference copy also available in FOREIGN GEOG FILE - Bahama Islands

7B24.Exhibitionhistory Ifconsideredimportant,recordwhereandwhenthematerialhasbeenexhibited.
Exhibited: "Illustrating the Imagination: Celbrating Childrens Illustrators from the Cornish Colony and Today" at the Cornish Museum, Windsor, VT, 2009-2010

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8.STANDARDNUMBERANDTERMSOFAVAILABILITYAREA
Contents: 8A.Preliminaryrule 8B.Standardnumber 8C.Termsofavailability 8D.Qualification

8A.Preliminaryrule
8A0.Scope Thisareaisrarelyneededingraphicmaterialscataloging.Possibleusesinclude recordingtheISBNofapublishedbookthatconsistsentirelyofimagesandis thereforebeingcatalogedaccordingtoDCRM(G). 8A1.Prescribedpunctuation Forinstructionsontheuseofspacesbeforeandafterprescribedpunctuation,see 0E. Precedethisareabyaperiodspacedashspaceorstartanewparagraph. Precedeeachrepetitionofthisareabyaperiodspacedashspace. Precedetermsofavailabilitybyacolon. Encloseaqualificationtothestandardnumberortermsofavailabilityin parentheses. 8A2.Sourcesofinformation Takeinformationincludedinthisareafromanysource.Donotencloseany informationinsquarebrackets.

8B.Standardnumber
8B1.GivetheInternationalStandardBookNumber(ISBN).Givesuchnumbers withtheagreedabbreviationandwiththestandardspacingorhyphenation.
[B] ISBN 0-552-67587-3

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AREA8.STANDARDNUMBERANDTERMSOFAVAILABILITY 8B2.Optionally,givemorethanonenumber,followedbyabriefqualificationas necessary.Giveanumberforacompletesetbeforethenumber(s)forthepart(s). Givenumbersforpartsintheorderoftheparts.Giveanumberfor accompanyingmateriallast.


[B] ISBN 0-379-00550-6 (set). -- ISBN 0-379-00551-4 (v. 1)

8C.Termsofavailability
Optionally,ifthepublicationbearsapriceorothertermsofavailability,record theinformationinthisareaorgiveitinanote(see7B8).

8D.Qualification
Optionally,addqualifications(includingthetypeofbinding)totheISBNand/or termsofavailability.Additionally,ifvolumesinasethavedifferentISBNs, followeachISBNwiththedesignationofthevolumetowhichitapplies.

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APPENDIXA.MARC21DESCRIPTIVECONVENTIONSCODE
[ReworktoincludeotheraspectsofMARC21aswell:]
Leader/06:Typeofrecord Usevaluek,twodimensionalnonprojectablegraphic.Thiscodeis recommendedforallgraphicmaterialscatalogedwithDCRM(G).Although somegraphicmaterialswereoriginallyintendedforviewingwithaprojector, theyareneverthelesseyereadable.

[MoveRDArelatedcodeshere] [Move007codeshere,butdontprescribe] A1.Introduction


InMARC21bibliographicrecords,acodemaybeusedinfield040,subfielde, toindicatewhenspecificcatalogingconventionshavebeenfollowedinadditionto theconventionsidentifiedinthedescriptivecatalogingform(Leader/18).This appendixoffersguidanceinusingdcrmg,thecodedesignatingDCRM(G),in 040subfielde.RecordsformulatedaccordingtoDCRM(G)andRDArequire eachcodeinaseparatee.

A2.FulllevelDCRM(G)
Applythecodedcrmgtorecordsforresourcescatalogedatfulllevel(i.e.,the normativeapplicationoftheserules).Thefactthatsuchrecordsfollowthefull levelprovisionsofDCRM(G)isindicatedbytheblankvalueassignedinthe encodinglevel(Leader/17)andthecodedcrmgin040subfielde.

A3.CorelevelDCRM(G)
Applythecodedcrmgtorecordsforresourcescatalogedaccordingtothecore levelguidelinesfoundinAppendixC.Thefactthatsuchrecordsfollowthecore levelprovisionsofDCRM(G)isindicatedbythevalue4assignedintheencoding level(Leader/17)andthecodedcrmgin040subfielde.

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APPENDIXA.MARC21DESCRIPTIVECONVENTIONSCODE

A4.MinimallevelDCRM(G)
Applythecodedcrmgtorecordsforresourcescatalogedaccordingtothe minimallevelguidelinesfoundinAppendixD.Thefactthatsuchrecordsfollow theminimallevelprovisionsofDCRM(G)isindicatedbythevalue7assignedin theencodinglevel(Leader/17)andthecodedcrmgin040subfielde.

A5.Otherformats
Donotapplythecodedcrmgtorecordsforotherformatssuchasserials, maps,music,andbooks,eventhoughtheymayhavebeencatalogedaccording toanadapted,DCRM(G)likestandard.12Do,however,applythecodedcrmg topublishedmaterialswithconventionaltitlepagescatalogedaccordingtothe provisionsofAppendixH.

A6.Earliercodes
WhenadescriptionisbeingupdatedtoDCRM(G)standards,replacethecode designatingtheearlierstandard,e.g.,gihc(GraphicMaterials:Rulesfor DescribingOriginalItemsandHistoricalCollections),withthedcrmgcodein040 subfielde.


12

UseaDCRMcomponentmanualfortheformatbeingdescribedifoneexists.

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
B1.Introduction
B1.0.Thisappendixoffersspecificguidanceinthecreationofbibliographic recordsforgraphicmaterialthatwillreceivecollectionleveltreatmentbasedon provenance,administrativedecisions,orcuratorialdecisions.Theelementsofthe bibliographicrecordsetoutheredonotdifferinsubstancefromthosefoundin thebodyofthetext. Thisappendixmayalsobehelpfulincreatingarchivaldescriptionsofgraphic materialsinfindingaids.(SeealsoB1.4) B1.1.Severalrationalescanbecitedtojustifyadecisiontousecollectionlevel cataloging:

Itcanbeameansofprovidingaccesstoanarchivalcollectionthat consistsentirelyoralmostentirelyofstillimagesusingpractices alignedwithitemlevelandmultipartresourcedescriptionforgraphic materials.. Itcanbeameansofhighlightingprovenanceorothershared characteristicsofagroupofmaterialsbyprovidingasummarylevel description,therebyaddingvaluetoanyotherformsofintellectual access,suchasitemlevelrecordsorfindingaids,andrevealing collectionstrengthsthatmaynototherwisebeobvious. Itcanbeameansofprovidingaccesstogroupsofsimilarmaterialthat wouldotherwisehaveidenticalornearidenticalitemlevelrecords. Itcanbeameansofprovidingaccesstoanarchivalcollection consistingentirelyoralmostentirelyofstillimages Itcanbeameansofprovidingtemporarycontrolofunprocessed collections. Itcanbeacosteffectivemeansofprovidingbibliographiccontrolfor lowpriorityitems.Althoughthismightseemtopromiseasolutionto theproblemofaninstitutionslimitedmeans,itshouldbeunderstood thatadequatelyarrangingandprocessingcollectionspriorto catalogingalsotakestime.Sincetherearesignificantcostsassociated withundercatalogedmaterials,thisrationaleshouldbeusedwith carefulconsideration. 149

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS B1.2.Acollectionlevelrecordmayserveasthesolemethodofaccessforthe resources,withcontentsinformationprovidedinnotes.Someorallofthe contentsmayalsoberepresentedbyitemlevelbibliographicrecords,whichmay becreatedatanyleveloffullnessusingcatalogingrulessuchasAACR2or componentsofDCRM.Itemlevelaccessmayalsobeprovidedforsomeorallof thecontentsthroughinventories,findingaids,ordatabases(referredtohereafter asfindingaids),whichmaybelinkedtocollectionlevelrecords.Providing someformofitemlevelaccesstoresourcesrepresentedbyacollectionlevel recordofferssignificantbenefitsforusersandreducestheriskofredundant acquisitionofthoseresources.Decisionsabouttheappropriatetypeandlevelof descriptionshouldbemadebasedoninstitutionalgoals,priorities,and resources,aswellastheattributesofthecollectionsthemselves. B1.3.Theseguidelinesarenotintendedtosupplantrulesfortraditionalarchival description.Archivalandbibliographicdescriptionconventionsforgraphic materialcollectionsarecloselyrelated,butthebibliographicemphasisin DCRM(G)alignsitemlevelandcollectionlevelpracticesforconsistencyacross publishedandunpublishedresources.Rulesforarchivaldescription,which emphasizehierarchicalstructures,areaddressedinspecializedsetsofrulessuch asDescribingArchives:AContentStandard(DACS).Whencreatingtraditional archivaldescriptionsaccordingtoDACS,itcanbeusefultoincorporate DCRM(G)guidelinestodrawattentiontographicmaterialcharacteristics, particularlyinthephysicaldescriptionandnotes,howevercareshouldbetaken tofollowDACSconventionsinmatterssuchasnotbracketingdevisedtitles.

B2.Identificationofmaterialsappropriateforcollectionlevel description
B2.1.Collectionsnormallyfallintooneoftwocategories:

groupsofitemsthatcometoarepositoryfromasinglecreator, creatingentity,orpreviousowner groupsofitemsthatareassembledintocollectionsbytherepository forthepurposeofprocessingandstorage,andarethereforetermed intentionallyassembledcollections(previouslycalledartificial collections)

B2.2.Typesofmaterialsappropriatetoconsiderforcollectionleveltreatment include:

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS

groupsofmaterialsthatcanbeunderstoodcollectivelyduetoshared provenanceorothercharacteristicssuchasformat,timeperiod, subject,ornationality groupsofmaterialsforwhichaccesscanadequatelybeprovidedwith acollectivesetofaccesspoints groupsofmaterialsthatarejudgednottomerititemlevelcataloging, butthatcollectivelyareofresearchvalue

B3.Arrangementanddescription
B3.1.Arrangementanddescriptionaretermsusedtodescribevarioustypesof processingactivitiesthatbringorderandcontroltocollectionsofmaterialsonce thedecisiontocatalogasacollectionhasbeenmade.Theycommonlyinvolvethe physicalhandling,sorting,andlistingofmaterials,aswellaspreservationand housingactivities.AdditionalguidanceinthesemattersmaybefoundinMary LynnRitzenthalerandDianeVogtOConnorsPhotographs:ArchivalCareand Management,andKathleenRoesArrangingandDescribingArchivesand Manuscripts. B3.2.Arrangement.Arrangementistheprocessoforganizingmaterialswith respecttotheirprovenanceandoriginalorderorofsortingindividualitemsinto meaningfulgroupsandplacingthosegroupsintousefulrelationshipswitheach other.Materialscanbearrangedinmanylogicalways,andthedesignofthe arrangementshouldbedeterminedbyexaminingthematerialtoconsiderthe significanceoftheiroriginalorderaswellasthetypesofaccessmostlikelyto servetheneedsofresearchersandotherpotentialusers.Differentcollectionswill requiredifferinglevelsandmethodsofarrangement.Forthesereasons,decisions aboutarrangementmustbemadeindividuallyforeachcollection. B3.2.1.Organizedpriortoacquisition.Forcollectionsthatcometothe repositoryalreadywellorganized,everyeffortshouldbemadetomaintainthis order.Maintainingtheoriginalorderofacollectioncanrevealsignificant informationaboutthepreviousownersuseofthematerialsandis,forthis reason,abasictenetofarchivalpractice.Arrangementofsuchmaterialsconsists primarilyofregularizinganddocumentingexistingfilingsystems.Thesystemof arrangementmaybebasedoncharacteristicssuchas:

originatingproject client

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS

subject genre/form date

B3.2.2.Organizedbytherepository.Collectionsthatcometotherepository lackinganyrecognizableordermustbeexamined,sorted,andarrangedinsome fashionpriortocataloging.Collectionsconsistingofmanyitemsarenormally dividedintohierarchicalsubgroupings.Customarytypesofarrangement include:


bycontentortopic inchronologicalorder inalphabeticalorder(byartist,title,subject,etc.) bygenre/form

B3.2.3.Acquiredindividually.Materialsoriginallyacquiredasindividualitems (whethersimultaneouslyorovertime)maybegroupedinintentionally assembledcollections,asnotedabove.Appropriaterepositorystaff,whichmay includecuratorsandcatalogers,mustdeterminewhichmaterialswillbeso combined,howtheywillbearranged,andatwhatleveloffullnesstheywillbe described(e.g.,whetherthematerialwillreceivecontentsnotesand/or individualphysicaldescriptions,whetheritwillbeclassifiedandshelvedwith graphicmaterialscollectionsorboxedandtreatedarchivally,etc.).Intentionally assembledcollectionstendtobeorganizedaroundoneormoreunifyingfactors, whichmayinclude:

artist issuingbody genre/form subject nationalityorartisticschool provenance timeperiod

B3.2.4.Physicalarrangementversusintellectualarrangement.Collectionsof graphicmaterials,particularlyphotographicarchives,arelikelytoincludemany

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS formats,sizes,andmaterialtypes.Storagelocationsandphysicalarrangementof materialsmaydifferfromtheintellectualorderwhichisbasedontopic,original use,chronology,etc.Forreasonsofpreservationandspaceefficiency,physically similarmaterialsaregenerallyhousedtogetherregardlessofintellectual categorization,butmaybedescribedinfindingaidsandcatalogrecordstogether withtopicallysimilarmaterials.Forthisreason,bibliographicrecordsand findingaidsmustprovideclaritywithregardtophysicalcategoriesofmaterial, potentiallynumerousstoragelocations,andintellectualcontent(topics,creators, provenance,andothersignificantcontext.) B3.3Description.Descriptionistheprocessofrecordingtheinformationthat wasgatheredduringthesortingandarrangingstages.Forsmallcollectionsor collectionsofhomogenousmaterials,asinglebibliographicrecordmay constitutetheonlydescription.Forlargecollections,additionalitemlevelor grouplevelrecordsmaybecreatedtodescribethepartsofacollection.For example:

acollectionlevelrecordsummarizingWorldWarIposterholdings, anditemlevelrecordsdescribingeachposter. acollectionlevelrecordsummarizingthestudiofilesofa photographerandgrouplevelrecordssummarizingeachjobor photographicassignmentwithinthefile.

Alternatively,afindingaidmaysupplementthecollectionleveldescription. Findingaidsvarywidelyinformat,style,andcomplexity.Theygenerallyconsist oftwoparts.Thefirstisanarrativeintroductionthatincludes:biographical sketchesorhistoricalcontextualinformation;acontentsummaryhighlighting strengths,gaps,weaknesses,andcharacterizingthecollectionsextentanddepth; andinformationconcerningthecollectionsadministrationanduse,suchas restrictionsonaccess.Thesecondpartisalistingoftheitemsorgroupsofitems thatcomprisethecollection.Forcollectionsarrangedhierarchically,thelistings maystopatacollectivesubgrouplevelormayextenddowntothefileoritem level.

B4.Elementsofthecollectionlevelbibliographicrecord
Therulesthatguidethemainandaddedentryportionsofcollectionlevel catalogingarethelatesteditionofAACR2,supplementedbyuseofappropriate nationalruleinterpretations.Usetherulesinconjunctionwiththeseguidelines,

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS whicharearrangedbyMARC21field.InstitutionsusingRDAshouldinstead refertoRDArulesforcreatingaccesspoints.Fieldsforwhichnospecific collectionlevelinstructionsarerequiredarenotincludedherebutmaybeused asappropriate. Leaderanddirectory 06:Typeofrecord.Ifthecollectioncontainsonlygraphicmaterial,codeas stillimage,typek.Ifthecollectionalsoincludesothermaterialtypes(e.g., cartographic,music,manuscript,etc.),codeasMixedMaterials,typep. 07:Bibliographiclevel.Usethevaluec(collectionlevel). Controlfields: 007:Physicaldescriptionfixedfield Entercodesforpositions00(Categoryofmaterial),01(Specificmaterial designation),03(Color),04(Primarysupportmaterial),and,optionally,05 (Secondarysupportmaterial)usingtheMARC21007codelistfornonprojected graphics.Selectcodesthatbestapplytothebulkofthecollection.
007 a kh bo

Ifseveralmaterialtypesarewellrepresented,repeatfield007uptoamaximum ofthreefields.
007 007 007 a kh bo a kj bo a kh co

Alternativerule:generalizethecodetoapplytothemajorityofthecollection usingonlythefirsttwopositions,leavingsubsequentpositionsblank.
007 a kh

008:Fixedlengthdataelements 06:Typeofdate.Codingchoicesare:i(inclusivedatesofcollection),k (rangeofyearsofbulkofcollection),andm(multipledates).Thechoiceof codefor008/06ismadeconcurrentlywithadeterminationofthe appropriatedatesfor008/0714. 154 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS 0710:Date1.Givethesingledate,earliestdate,orearliestbulkdate,from the260field. 1114:Date2.Givethesingledate,closingdate,orclosingbulkdatefrom the260field.Enter9999in008/1114ifthecollectionisopenornotyet completeandusemin008/06. 15:Countryofpublication.Ifalltheitemswerecreatedinasingle country(orstate,province,etc.),enterthecodeforthatcountry.Ifthe itemswerecreatedinmorethanonecountry,enterthecodevp_. 1XXfield:Namemainentry Themainentryheadingisdeterminedbyapplicationoftheappropriate catalogingrules.Titlemainentryisappropriateformanycollections(seeAACR2 rule21.7).A1XXnamemainentryisappropriatewhenallmaterialshavethe samepersonalcreator(s)oremanatefromasinglecorporatebody(AACR2rule 21.4).Optionally,followheadingsbyarelatorterminsubfieldeorarelatorcode insubfield4.
100 110 110 1 2 1 a Brady, Mathew B., d ca. 1823-1896, e photographer. a San Francisco Call Bulletin (Firm). a United States. b Farm Security Administration.

Whenacollectionisknownbythenameofitscollector,entertherecordunderthe headingforthatpersonorbody..
100 245 1 10 a Honeyman, Robert B., e collector. a [Robert B. Honeyman, Jr. collection of early Californian and Western American pictorial material] h [graphic].

245field:Titlestatement Provideatitleforthecollectionandencloseitinsquarebrackets.Devisedtitles shouldgenerallybeinthelanguageandscriptofthecatalogingagencyand shouldbebothdescriptiveanddistinctive,therebyhighlightingthefactor(s)that characterizethecollectionasawhole.Itisoftenusefultoincludetheword collectionor(inthecaseoftruearchivalcollections)archiveforclarity. Striveforconsistencyintitleconstructionacrosscollections.Typesofdata appropriateforinclusionincollectivetitlesinclude:

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS

nameofcollection(forpreviouslynamedcollections) nameofcreator,creatingbody,collectororsource(provenance) artisticschoolorstyle geographiclocations genre/formsofmaterial principalsubjectsdepictedpersons,events,activities,andobjects thedateorspandatesofwhatisbeingdepictedifdifferentfromthe dateofpublicationorexecution

Doincludeageneralmaterialdesignation(see1H)butdonotincludea statementofresponsibility.
245 245 245 245 00 03 00 00 a [Caroline and Erwin Swann collection of caricature and cartoon] a [A collection of photographic views of mountains in Britain] h [graphic]. a [Interstate 35W bridge collapse photograph collection] h [graphic]. a [Tudor Engineering Company photograph archive] h [graphic].

Optionally,supplementthetitlewithadditionaldescriptivetitleinformation.
245 00 a [Norman Neuerburg photograph collection] h [graphic] : b [views of classical antiquities and scenes in Italy, Greece, and other Mediterranean locations]. a [Scottish views] h [graphic] : b [a collection of miscellaneous postcards].

245

00

246field:Variantformoftitle Recordvarianttitlesbywhichacollectionmaybeknowniftheydiffer substantiallyfromthe245titlestatementandprovideausefulaccesspoint.If mostoralloftheitemsinthecollectionhavethesametitleinformationanditis consideredimportant,makeanaddedentryforthetitle.


245 10 a [Fang family San Francisco Examiner photograph archive negative files].

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246 3 a San Francisco Examiner photograph archive negative files

260field:Publication,distribution,creation,etc. Allelementsoftheimprintmaybeincludedincollectionlevelrecordsif appropriate.Bracketallelementsthatareused.Inmostcases,onlythedate element(subfieldc)isappropriate.Use260subfieldsa,b,e,andfonlyif thesameplaceand/orthesamepublisher,printer,printseller,etc.applytoall itemsinthecollection.Ifthecollectionisfinite,useasingledateorinclusive datesinthesubfieldc,asappropriate.


260 260 260 260 c [1655-1687] c [ca. 1500-ca. 1600] a [Philadelphia], c [1850-1890] a [Littleton, N.H.] : b [B.W. Kilburn], c [1898-1899]

Optionally,indicatedatesordatespansmostheavilyrepresentedinthecollection asabulkdate.
260 c [1780-1860, bulk 1795-1840]

Optionally,foropenendedcollectionswithongoingadditions,recorddatesin angledbrackets,
260 c <1956- >

300field:Physicaldescription Extent.Givetheextentofthecollectionbycountingorestimatingthenumberof items,containersorcarriersitcontains.Prefertermsusedforthespecificmaterial designation(see5B2),ortermsfromanestablishedthesaurus.


300 300 300 a 17 albums a 12 cartons, 3 oversize boxes a 357 prints

Whenamorespecificstatementofextentisconsideredimportant,addthetype and/ornumberofcomponentpartsinparentheses.Thisadditionalstatement mayrecordmaterialtypeswithnoindicationofquantities,asinglefigure representingthetotalnumberofcomponents,oritmayrecordmultiplefigures

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS representingthesubtotalforthedifferentcategoriesofmaterial.Whensuch detailsarenumerousorcomplex,givetheminanote.


300 300 300 [G] 300 [G] 300 a ca. 30,000 photographs (ca. 10,000 prints and ca. 25,000 negatives) a 9,220 items (chiefly architectural drawings) a ca. 450 items (photographs and prints) a 16 prints (10 woodcuts, 6 wood engravings) a ca. 45,500 photographs (1,182,500 images on contact sheets)

Optionally,provideaseparatephysicaldescriptionforeachmaterialtypeor format.
300 300 a ca. 750 photographic prints a ca. 2,500 negatives (Comment:Collectionconsistsofapproximately750photographicprintsand 2,500negatives,describedinseparate300fieldsinasinglebibliographicrecord.)

Optionally,foropenendedcollectionswithongoingadditions,recordthe quantityofmaterialinangledbrackets.
300 a <3,500> photographs

Whenrecordingextentintermsofcontainers,conciselyrecordthenumberand typeofmaterialinparenthesesimmediatelyfollowingthecontainertype.
300 300 300 300 300 a 2 boxes (ca. 185 drawings, prints, paintings and photographic prints) a 30 boxes, 11 cartons and 8 oversize folders (ca. 2,000 photographic prints, posters and other prints) a 2 boxes (photographic prints) and 3 boxes (negatives) a 3 sketchbooks (92 drawings) a 4 albums (65 photographic prints, 2 broadsides, 3 postcards)

Otherphysicaldetails.Recordadditionalphysicalcharacteristicsofmaterialas appropriatetothematerials,localpolicy,andcatalogersexpertise.
300 a 2 boxes (photographic prints): b chiefly albumen

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300 a 4 cartons, 6 boxes and 3 oversize folders (ca. 6,285 photographic prints, ca. 5,150 negatives, ca. 750 slides) : b b&w and color

Size.Optionally,providedetailsofthesizeoftheitemsand/ortheircontainers. Generally,recorddimensionsintermsofheightxwidthandspecifywhatwas measured.Whenmaterialsareofmorethantwosizes,givethedimensionsofthe largestfollowedbythewordsorsmaller.Seealso5D1and5D4.


300 300 a 20 photographic prints ; c in box 12 x 26 x 35 cm. a ... ; c albums 32 x 24 cm.

Format.Optionally,providedetailsofthepredominantformatofthecollection. Informationaboutmultipleformatsinacollectionmayberecordedinanote.
300 300 a 2 boxes (photographic prints): b chiefly albumen on card mounts ; c 17 x 12 cm (cabinet card format) a 5 boxes (ca. 2,500 negatives) ; c negatives 13 x 11 cm (4 x 5 format)

351field:Organizationandarrangement Describethewayinwhichmaterialshavebeensubdividedintosmallerunitsor theorderinwhichparticularunitshavebeenarranged.


351 351 a Organized in three series: 1. Professional life. 2. Travel. 3. Family. a Items are arranged chronologically.

4XXfields:Seriesstatement Donotuse.Ifseriestitlesofitemsinthecollectionaresignificant,tracethemin theappropriate7XXfield.Anotesupportingthetracingmayalsobeprovided.


500 700 1 a Collection contains several series of stereographs, but most are from the Watkins' Pacific Coast series. a Watkins, Carleton E., d 1829-1916. t Watkins' Pacific Coast.

5XXfields:Notes Inclusionofavarietyofnoteswillhelpprovidecollectivecontexttothematerials beingdescribed.Itisparticularlyimportanttodescribethecontentsofthe collectionina505contentsnoteand/ora520summarynote,asdescribedbelow.

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS Theorderofnotespresentedbelowisrecommendedbasedonarchival collectionlevelcatalogingpractice. Mandatorynotesandnotesofparticularimportancetocollectionsarelisted below.Foradditonalnotes,see7B. 500field:Generalnote Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthetitleproper.


500 500 a Collection title devised by cataloger. a Collection title specified by donors in their instrument of gift.

Whenanartist,collector,ororganizationisresponsibleforcreatingorcompiling allormostofthematerialsinthecollection,recordthename(s)androle(s)ina note,ifnotapparentfromtherestofthedescription.


500 500 500 a Collected chiefly by James Weldon Johnson and Carl Van Vechten. a Photographs attributed to James Parker. a The Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division assembled these daguerreotypes into a collection to provide special storage and preservation measures. The Library continues to add materials to this collection on a regular basis.

Recorddetailsaboutphysicalformsorgenrespresentthatarenotrecordedin thePhysicalDescription(300),ifconsideredimportant.
500 a Includes photographic prints, cartes de visite, cabinet cards, negatives, prints, and a few photomechanical reproductions.

506field:Restrictionsonaccess Whenaccesstoacollectionoraportionthereofisrestricted,explainthenature andextentoftherestrictions.Seealso7B19.1. 545field:Biographicalorhistoricalnote Providebiographicalorhistoricalinformationabouttheindividualor organizationreferencedinthe1XXor245field.Seealso7B13.

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
545 a John Elliott Patterson was a forest entomologist with the US Bureau of Entomology, an amateur ornithologist, and an amateur photographer. He first worked in the Pacific Northwest (1913-1929), then in California at the Berkeley Forest Insect Laboratory. In 1950 he retired to Ashland, Oregon. 2 10 a San Francisco Call Bulletin (Firm). a [The San Francisco News-Call Bulletin newspaper photograph archive]. a The San Francisco Call and the San Francisco Bulletin merged in 1929 to form the San Francisco Call Bulletin. The San Francisco News, published by the Daily News Co., merged with the San Francisco Call Bulletin to form the San Francisco News-Call Bulletin in 1959.

110 245 545

520field:Summary,etc. Summarynotesarenarrative,freetextstatementsofthescopeandcontentsof collections.Detailsmayincludeformsofmaterials,datesofsubjectcoverage,and themostsignificanttopics,persons,places,orevents.Asummarynotemaybe usedinlieuoforinadditiontoa505note.Ifthecollectioncontentsarelistedina separatefindingaid,useonlya520noteandalsomakea555findingaidnote. Seealso7B1. Ifthecontentsofamulticontainercollectionarenotlistedinaseparatefinding aid,itcanbehelpfultoconnectdetailedsubjectinformationtoacollectionarea orcontainernumbersothatspecificmaterialscanbelocatedwithoutgoing throughthewholecollection.
520 a The collection includes pictorialist photographs by F. Holland Day (Fred Day), who was a leading American exponent of pictorial photography. Day experimented with compositions and themes derived from painting and sculpture and executed many portrait and figure studies. Included are portraits of Kahlil Gibran and his family and the famous series based on the passion of Christ in which Day himself appears as the principal figure. (Source: Melville guide). a Primarily architectural drawings by Arthur B. Heaton for residential, commercial, industrial, religious, educational, recreational, health care, transportation, and organizations' buildings in a wide range of styles located in the Northwest and Northeast quadrants of Washington, D.C., and surrounding suburbs. The majority of the drawings were executed from 1910-1950. Among his commissions were single detached houses, some for prominent

520

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
clients; groups of houses in the Burleith section of Washington, D.C.; apartment houses in Lyon Village,... 520 a The photographs of Alexander Graham Bell and his family, activities, and scientific investigations consist of daguerreotypes and other cased images, photographs, glass negatives, and photograph albums. Included are professional portraits of several generations of the Bell, Fairchild, Grosvernor, and other families, and photographs by family members. Snapshots and family scenes taken during travels in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia and at homes in Washington, D.C., New York, New Hampshire, Nova Scotia, and Scotland are included as are photographs relating to Bell's experimental work with deafness and "Visible Speech," the invention of the telephone, genetics and sheep breeding, experimental kites and aviation, and the hydrofoil. (Source: Washingtoniana Guide). a Photographs of Pittsburg, Calif., including Los Medanos Hotel (:2--A), Pioneer Rubber Mills (:4--A), Contra Costa County Bank (:5--A), and two panoramic views of the town (:7-:8--G). Also includes views of Shasta Dam (:1--A), a portrait of Wigginton E. Creed (:6--A), an unidentified portrait (:3--A), and panoramic views of the Eastern and Western Lumber Company yard (Portland, Oregon?) (:9--G) and the Dempsey Lumber Company yard (Tacoma, Washington?) (:10--G). (Comment:Itemnumbersandalphabeticstoragelocationcodeshavebeen includedparentheticallyforeachitemlisted,followinglocalconvention.)

520

520 a The Collection of festival prints includes representations of European religious and political ceremonies from the 16th to the 19th centuries, with an emphasis on Italian rituals and festivities of the 17th and 18th centuries. 520 a This collection is comprised of six early-20thcentury albums of uncertain provenance containing photographic prints, postcards, and photomechanical reproductions, that document the vacation experiences of the creators of each of the albums. Locales depicted are chiefly in Southern California, but also include areas throughout the rest of California and the Western states and, in a few cases, locales in the Eastern United States. The photographs document the California landscape and its native flora and fauna as they appeared during the first decades of the 20th century. Subjects depicted include missions, national parks, city street scenes, domestic scenes, historic buildings, deserts, beaches, mountains, and lakes.

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS 505field:Formattedcontentsnote FormattedcontentsnotesprovideanISBDstructuredmethodofrecordingitem levelinformation.Elementsmayincludeartist,title,state,dateofcreationor publication,extent,scale,etc.Assignanumbertoeachitem,recorditwithin squarebracketsinthe505note,andwriteitoneachitem.Formostgraphic materials(whichgenerallylackroutinebibliographicindicia),orforlarge collectionsofmanyitems,preferthemorenarrative520summarynotetothe505 note.Seealso7B15.


505 0 a [1] Big Red Composition Nocturne -Nocturne --- [2] Composition in Brown #1 -- [3] in Brown #2 -- [4] Movement -- [5] [6] Silver and Blue -- [7] Sonia's [8] The Sisters -- [9] [Untitled].

524field:Preferredcitation Usetoprovideaspecificcitationformatforcitingthecollection.Seealso7B20.
524 a Cite as: The Louise Imogen Guiney Collection, Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division.

541field:Immediatesourceofacquisition Recordtheimmediatesourcefromwhichtherepositoryacquiredthecollection unlessthisinformationisconfidential.Useonlyformaterialsacquiredasa collection.


[B] 541 [B] 541 [B] 541 a Acquired by exchange from Auburn University; d 1954. a Received: 5/22/1989; 3 master copy; c gift; a Mrs. James Hickey. a On permanent loan from the J. Paul Getty Museum.

544field:Locationofotherarchivalmaterials Whenportionsofthesamearchivalcollectionareknowntobeelsewhere,record thenameandlocationofcustodians.


Related sound recordings are in the Alan Lomax CBS Radio Series Collection (AFC 1939/002), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS 555field:Cumulativeindex/findingaidsnote Specifytheexistenceofanyseparatefindingaidorsimilarcontrolmaterial.Usea standardbibliographiccitationifapplicable.Anexternalelectronicfindingaid maybelinkedtofromthisfield,ifpermittedbythelocalsystem(seealsothe856 field).


555 8 a Original caption cards, arranged by photonegative number, are available in the Reading Room. 555 0 d Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O., A calendar of the Shakespearean rarities, drawings and engravings preserved at Hollingbury copse (London, 1887). 555 0 a Finding aid available in the library and online.

561field:Provenancenote Brieflydescribeanyrelevanthistoryconcerningtheownershipofthematerials fromthetimeoftheircreationupuntilthetimeoftheiracquisitionbythe repository.Whentheprovenanceandimmediatesourceofacquisitionarethe same,donotmakethisnote.Insteadrecordtheinformationonlyinthesource note.


561 a Prior to the donation to the Library, the collection was on deposit at the National Geographic Society where they were organized and maintained in a special location called the Bell Room. a Originally collected by Paul Jones and maintained by his nephew, John Smith, after Jones' death. Purchased in 1878 by Henry Green, who added prints and drawings purchased at auctions in New York and Paris, 1878-1893.

[GM] 561

580field:Linkingentrycomplexitynote(i.e.,Relationshipnote) Usethisnotetostatetherelationshipbetweenthematerialsdescribedanda broadercollectionofwhichitisapart.Useonlywhenpartsofthecollectionare beingdescribedinseparaterecords(seealsothe7XXfields).


580 773 1 a Forms part of the Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell Family. t Grosvenor collection of Alexander Graham Bell photographs

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS 6XXfields:Subjectheadings Assignsubjectheadingsasspecificasthecollectionandinstitutionalpolicy warrant. Ifconsideredimportant,subdivideheadingswithformtermsappropriateto graphicmaterialsorusetherelatortermdepictedtoindicatethepictorial nature.Subdividsionsmostcommonlyapplicableinclude:


vPhotographs vPortraits vPictorialworks vPosters


00 10 20 0 0 0 00 10 10 10 10 a [Lantern slides of railroad and mining scenes] h [graphic]. a Agassiz, Louis, d 1807-1873 v Portraits. a Central Pacific Railroad Company v Pictorial works. a Railroads z California v Photographs. a Mines and mineral resources z California v Photographs. a Transportation z California v Photographs. a [Illustrations of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra] h [graphic]. a Shakespeare, William, d 1564-1616. t Antony and Cleopatra, e depicted. a Shakespeare, William, d 1564-1616 x Characters x Antony, e depicted. a Antonius, Marcus, d 83?-30 B.C. x In literature, e depicted. a Shakespeare, William, d 1564-1616 x Characters x Cleopatra, e depicted.

245 600 610 650 650 650 245 600 600 600 600

Assignasmanysubjectheadingsasseemappropriate,rememberingthat economyinprocessingmaysuggestthatareasonablelimitbeobserved. 655fields:Genre/formheadings Assignasapplicable.Prefertermsfromcontrolledvocabulariessuchasthe ThesaurusforGraphicMaterials,RBMSControlledVocabularies,andArtand ArchitectureThesaurus.Aswithsubjectheadings,assignheadingsasspecifically andnumerouslyasthecollectionandinstitutionalpolicywarrant.


245 00 a [Taller de Grfica Popular collection] h [graphic]. 7 a Relief prints z Mexico. 2 gmgpc

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS
655 655 655 655 100 245 655 655 655 655 655 655 655 7 7 7 7 1 10 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 a a a a Woodcuts z Mexico. 2 gmgpc Linocuts z Mexico. 2 gmgpc Lithoraphs z Mexico. 2 gmgpc Posters z Mexico. 2 gmgpc

a Mackay, Zelda,|d1893-1985. e collector. a [Zelda Mackay collection of daguerreian era photography in California |h [graphic]. a Portraits. 2 gmgpc a Group portraits. 2 gmgpc a Cityscapes. 2 gmgpc a Daguerreotypes. 2 gmgpc a Ambrotypes. 2 gmgpc a Tintypes. 2 gmgpc a Ceramic photographs. 2 gmgpc

7XXfields:Addedentries Typesofaddedentriesconsideredusefulforvarioustypesofmaterialsinclude: creatorsofcollections,namesofcollections,author/titleheadings,etc.Incases whereapersonorcorporatebodyisboththecreatororissuingbodyandthe subjectofacollection,itmaybeappropriatetoprovidebotha6XXsubjectentry anda1XXor7XXentry. Ifalinkingentrycomplexitynotehasbeenusedinfield580todescribethe relationshipofthecollectionbeingcatalogedtoalargercollection,makean addedentryforthelargercollectionusingfield773. 856field:Electroniclocationandaccess Usetospecifythelocationormeansofaccesstoanelectronicfindingaid preparedforthecollectionorforotherreasons,suchastopointtoscanneditems ordigitalimagesselectedfromthecollection.Takespecialnoteofthesecond indicator,whichspecifiestherelationshipoftheelectronicresourcebeinglinked totheitemdescribedintherecord.(Electronicfindingaidsmay,alternatively,be linkedinthe555ufield.)
856 42 3 Finding aid u http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/ead/jackson.sgm

B5.Additionalconsiderations
B5.1.Lengthydescriptionsdividedintomorethanonerecord.Itmaybe desirabletodividethedescriptionofacollectionintomorethanone bibliographicrecordduetofactorssuchascomplexityorlengthofthe

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APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS descriptionorsystemlimitationsonrecordlength.Thedescriptionmaybe dividedinwhateverwayismostsensible.Forexample,thecollectionmaybe organizedinlogicalgroupings,eachofwhichcanberepresentedinasingle record(e.g.,subjectfiles,chronologicalfiles,andportraits).Alternatively,anew recordmaybestartedatalogicalbreakingpoint,suchaswitheverytwentieth item,basedonchronology,etc. Whenmultiplebibliographicrecordsarecreatedforonecollection,mostdata elementswillbethesameacrossallrecords,accordingtotheguidelines discussedabove,withthefollowingexceptions: 245field:Titlestatement.Indicateinsubfieldnwhichpartofthe collectionisbeingrepresentedintherecord. 260field:Publication,distribution,etc.(Imprint).Ifthecollectionis dividedbasedonchronology,includetheappropriaterangeofdatesin eachrecord. 300field:Physicaldescription.Indicateintheextentstatementinthe subfieldaofeachrecordthenumberofitemsrepresentedintherecord outofthetotalnumberofitemsinthecollection,usingterminology appropriatetothematerialbeingdescribed.
300 300 300 300 a 112 items (drawings, photographs, prints) out of 214 a 39 items (drawings and prints) of 214 a 48 drawings out of 214 items a 15 drawings out of 214 items

5XXfields:Notes.Withtheexceptionofthe505contentsnote(seebelow) and/orthe520summarynote,givethesame5XXfieldsineachrecord.In addition,indicateinanoteineachrecordthatthecollectionbeing catalogedisrepresentedbymorethanonerecord,andprovidereferences totheotherrecords. 505field:Contentsnote.Listina505noteonlythoseitemsdescribedin theparticularrecord.Numberingwithincontentsnotesshouldbe consecutivefromonerecordtoanother.

APPENDIXB.COLLECTIONLEVELRECORDS B5.2.Considerationswhenaddingtocollections.Sometimesitemsareaddedto collectionsafterinitialprocessingorcataloginghasbeencompleted.Insuch cases,editoraddtothedescriptionasnecessary,payingparticularattentionto thefollowingelements:


Dates(260fieldandfixedfields) Extent(300field) Contents(505and/or520field) Subjectandgenre/formheadings(6XXfields) Addedentries(7XXfields)

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APPENDIXC.BIBCOSTANDARDRECORDS13
C1.Introduction
TheelementsofdescriptionprovidedinDCRM(G)constituteafullsetof informationfordescribingrarematerials.Thisappendixsetsoutalessthanfull levelofdescriptioncontainingthoseelementsrequiredbytheProgramfor CooperativeCataloging(PCC)initsstandardrecordsforgraphicmaterials.The standardwasdefinedbythePCCforusewithinthecontextofitsnational catalogingprogram,BIBCO,tosupportthegoalofprovidingcosteffective catalogingthatmeetscommonlyacceptedstandards. HeadingsonallBIBCOstandardrecordsmustbesupportedbyauthorityrecords intheLC/NACOandLC/SACOAuthorityFiles. OnlyBIBCOparticipantsmaycreateBIBCOstandardrecords.

C2.Application
BIBCOstandardrecordsareespeciallyappropriatewhenfaithfulandaccurate descriptionsaredesirable,andtheprovisionofsubjectandotheraccesspointsis important,butabridgedtranscriptionsandfewernotesareacceptable. Forgraphicmaterials,thecommitment,onthecatalogerspart,istorender descriptivedetailsasaccuratelyaspossibleinsofarastheyarepresentedbythe specimeninhand;also,toensurethattheyarescrupulouslystated,accordingto theprovisionsofDCRM(G).ThestrengthofDCRM(G)isthatitprovidesfor expandedcoverageofgraphicmaterialsdeservingsuchtreatment;conversely, itispossibletousethoseprovisionsforexpansionasguidelinesfortrimmingthe description.ByomittingmostnotesandtakingtheoptionsgiveninDCRM(G) forabbreviatingdescriptiveareas,orbynottakingtheoptionstoexpandthe sameareas,aneffectiveDCRM(G)BIBCOstandardrecordcanbecreated.
13

TheBIBCOStandardRecord(BSR),adoptedbytheProgramforCooperativeCatalogingin 2010,supersedestheBIBCOcorelevelrecord.

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APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS

C3.Elementsofthebibliographicrecord
Usetheguidelinessetforthbelow,takenfromtheBIBCOStandardRecord(BSR) forGraphicMaterialsMetadataApplicationProfile(MAP),tocreateBIBCO standardrecordsusingDCRM(G).Additionalfieldsorsubfieldsmaybeadded tothebasicelementsetdependingoncatalogerjudgmentand/orlocal institutionalpolicies. Leaderanddirectory Dependingontheindividualautomatedsystemorbibliographicutility,partor alloftheleaderanddirectorymaybesystemsupplied.Generallyspeaking,the catalogerwillhavetosupplyvaluesforthefollowingleaderpositions: 06 07 17 18 Typeofrecord(korg) Bibliographiclevel(m) Encodinglevel(blank) Descriptivecatalogingform(a)

Controlfields:001,003,005 Thesefieldsaregenerallysystemsupplied. Controlfield:007 Codethefollowingpositions: 00 01 Categoryofmaterial Specificmaterialdesignation

Controlfield:008 Codeatleastthefollowingpositions: 06 0710 1114 1517 29 33 34 Typeofdate/Publicationstatus Date1 Date2 Placeofpublication,productionorexecution Formofitem Typeofvisualmaterial Technique(alwaysnforgraphicmaterials)

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APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS 3537 Language 38 Modifiedrecordcode 39 Catalogingsource

010field:LibraryofCongresscontrolnumber(LCCN) Mandatoryifapplicable. 020field:Internationalstandardbooknumber(ISBN) Subfieldaismandatoryifapplicable. 037field:Sourceofacquisition Mandatoryifapplicable. 040field:Catalogingsource BibliographicrecordsforgraphicmaterialthatreflecttheDCRM(G)BIBCO standardmustcontainthedesignationdcrmginsubfieldeoffield040. 041field:Languagecode Mandatoryifapplicable. 042field:Authenticationcode Thedesignationpccinfield042ismandatory.OnlymembersofthePCC BIBCOprogrammayusethecodepcc,thereforenonBIBCOparticipantsmay notcreateBIBCOstandardrecords. 1XXfield:Mainentry Mandatoryifapplicable.Allheadingsbesupportedbynationallevelauthority records.DCRM(G)recommendstheuseofrelatortermsorcodes. 240field:Uniformtitle Mandatoryifapplicable.Supplyauniformtitleifitisknownorcanbereadily inferredfromthematerial.Notethatuniformtitlesarerarelyapplicabletorare graphicmaterials.

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS 245field:Titlestatement Subfieldsaandharemandatory;subfieldsn,p,b,caremandatoryif applicable.Incasesofmultipleparalleltitles,minimallyincludethefirstparallel titleandanyEnglishparalleltitle. 246field:Varyingformoftitle Mandatoryifapplicable.Usejudgmentinassessingeachitemorcollectionand assignacomplementoftitlevariantsthatcoversvariationsdeemedimportant. Thevariantsassignedareintendedtoreflectcatalogerjudgmentand/orlocal institutionalpolicy. 250field:Edition(state)statement Mandatoryifatranscribablestatementispresent. 260field:Publication,distribution,etc.(Imprint) Subfieldsa,b,andcaremandatoryforpublishedmaterials.Foritemswith onepublisherbutmultipleplaces,catalogersmaygiveonlythefirstplacelisted. DCRM(G)recommendstheuseofsubfieldsaandcforunpublishedmaterials, butonlycismandatory. 300field:Physicaldescription Subfieldsaandbaremandatory.DCRM(G)recommendstheuseofsubfield c,butBIBCOonlyrequiressubfieldscandeifapplicable.. 490field:Seriesstatement Mandatoryifatranscribablestatementispresent. 500field:Sourceoftitleproper Mandatoryifapplicable.DCRM(G)recommendsanoteonthesourceofthetitle properinallcases. 501field:Withnote Mandatoryifapplicable.

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APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS 502field:Dissertationnote Mandatoryifapplicable. 505field:Formattedcontentsnote Mandatoryifapplicable.Supplyasappropriateforcollections,compilations, groups,ormultipartresourceswithseparatetitles.Contentsmaybeencodedat oneoftwolevels:basicorenhanced. 510field:Citation/referencesnote Additionofcitationnotesasameansofabbreviatingdetaileddescriptionis encouraged,thoughnotmandatory.Prefersourcesthatprovidethefullestor mostauthoritativeinformation,tokeepthenumberofcitationstoaminimum. 520field:Summary,etc.note Mandatoryifapplicable.Useifthecontentoftheitemisnotapparentfromthe restofthedescription. 533field:Reproductionnote Mandatoryifapplicable. 546field:Languagenote Mandatoryifapplicable.Givethelanguage(s)ofthedescribedmaterialsifnot apparentfromtherestofthedescription.Alsodescribealphabets,script,orother symbolsystemsappearingintheitem. 6XXfields:Subject,Genre,and/orFormheadings Mandatoryifapplicable.Usejudgmentinassessingeachitem.Asappropriate, assignacomplementofheadingsthatprovidesaccesstotheprimary/essential subject,genre,and/orformoftheworkattheappropriatelevelofspecificity. Assignsuchheadingsfromanestablishedthesaurusorsubjectheadingsystem recognizedbytheMARC21FormatforBibliographicData.Vocabulariesfor indexingpicturesincludetheThesaurusforGraphicMaterialsandtheArtand ArchitectureThesaurus.Infocusingontheprimarysubject,followtheconventions oftheparticularsubjectheadingsystembeingused,includingtheuseofpaired orrelatedheadingswherenecessarytorepresentthesubjectfully.

APPENDIXC.CORELEVELRECORDS 700751fields:Addedentries Mandatoryifapplicable.Usejudgmentinassessingeachitemandassigna complementofaddedentriesthatcoversthesignificantrelationshipsassociated withthework,expression,ormanifestationofwhichtheitemisapart.The inclusionandimportanceofaddedentriesareintendedtoreflectindividual catalogersjudgmentand/orlocalinstitutionalpolicy,inthecontextofshared cataloging. 8XXfields:Seriesaddedentries Mandatoryifapplicable.Iflocalinstitutionalcatalogingpolicyistotraceaseries, includeinthisfieldtheauthorizedformoftheseriesasestablishedintheLC NameAuthorityFile.

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APPENDIXD.MINIMALLEVELRECORDS
D1.Introduction
TheelementsofdescriptionprovidedinDCRM(G)constituteafullsetof informationfordescribingtwodimensionalgraphicmaterials.Thisappendix setsoutalessthanfulllevelofdescriptioncontainingthoseelements recommendedasaminimumforeffectivedescriptionofraregraphicmaterials orgraphicmaterialsrequiringspecialtreatment. Institutionsmostoftenturntominimallevelcatalogingtocreateaccession recordsfornewacquisitions,toprovideaccesstolowpriorityunprocessed collectionsinbacklogs,andforitemlevelaccesstodigitalimages.These guidelinesareprovidedinresponsetosuchneeds.Theirpurposeisnotto promotetheuseofDCRM(G)minimallevelcataloging,butrathertoprovidea usableframeworkforthoseinstitutionswishingtoadoptit.

D2.Application
Catalogersmayapplytheminimallevelstandardtoanyrarematerialsdescribed usingDCRM(G).DCRM(G)minimallevelrecordsareespeciallyappropriatefor accessionrecordsthatmaylingerindefinitelyorwhenfaithfulandaccurate descriptionsaredesirable,theprovisionofsubjectandotheraccesspointsisnot necessarilyimportant,andabridgedtranscriptionsandfewernotesare acceptable. Aminimallevelcatalogingpolicyisbestkeptsimple.Complexrulesforomitting orshorteningavarietyofrecordelementswouldrequirecatalogerstodevote timetolearningthesenewrules,therebyeliminatingaportionoftheintended gainsintimeandexpense.Inaddition,tamperingwiththefulldescription providedbyDCRM(G)areas06and8wouldnegatetheverypurposeofusing DCRM(G)fordescriptionofraregraphicmaterials.Theconclusionthenisthat eliminatingmostnotesaccomplishesmuchofthepurposeofminimallevel catalogingbecauseitsavesconsiderabletimewhilenotundulylimitingaccess. Bibliographicrecordsfollowingthisapproachwill,inmostcases,stillidentify thematerialsbeingdescribedanddistinguishvariousstatesandeditions.

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APPENDIXD.MINIMALLEVELRECORDS

D3.Elementsofthebibliographicrecord
D3.1.FollowtherulesinDCRM(G)areas06and8.Abridgethedescription whereverpossibleasallowedbytherules.Itisnotnecessarytomakethenotes usuallyconsideredrequired,withtheexceptionofthesourceoftitlenotewhich shouldalwaysberecorded. D3.2.Optionally,addelementsinaccordancewithinstitutionalpolicy.In particular,consideraddingoneormoreofthefollowing,eachofwhichcan significantlyenhancethevalueofminimallevelDCRM(G)recordsfor identifyinggraphicmaterials:

referencestopublisheddescriptionsincataloguesraisonnsorother referencesources(see7B12),particularlywhenthesourcecited providesmoredetailedinformationthantheminimallevel bibliographicrecord otherrequirednotescalledforinDCRM(G)(e.g,4A2.2) oneormorelocalnotesdescribinghandcoloring,provenance, numbering,imperfections,binding,oranyotherinformationthatwill allowthebibliographicrecordtodescribetheparticulariteminhand withsufficientprecisiontoindicatetheinstitutionsownershipofthat particularitem optionalnotesbasedonreliabledealersdescriptionsorothermaterials accompanyingtheitembeingdescribed

D3.3.Minimallevelcatalogingpoliciesofteneliminateorsimplifyadditional areasofthebibliographicrecordsuchassubjectheadings,classification,orother accesspoints.Thisappendixdoesnotaddresssuchquestions,butusersof DCRM(G)mayalsowishtostreamlinetheseareasaccordingtolocalneeds, takingintoconsiderationtheeffectthatsuchpolicieswillhaveonspecialindexes forartists,printers,binders,bindings,genre/forms,provenance,andthelike.

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APPENDIXE.VARIATIONSREQUIRINGANEWRECORD
E0.Scope
Thisappendixaddressestheissueofwhethertodescribediffering manifestationsusingasinglebibliographicrecordorseparaterecords.

E1.Defaultguidelines
E1.1.Asadefaultapproach,therulescontainedinDCRM(G)assumethata separatebibliographicrecordwillbecreatedforeachmanifestationthat representswhatisreferredtoasaneditioninAACR2andastateinart scholarship. E1.2.Followingthisdefaultapproach,generallyconsiderthatanew bibliographicrecordisrequiredwheneverthematerialdistinguishesitselffrom othermanifestationsbyoneormoreofthefollowingcharacteristics:

changeincontent(e.g.,alteration,omissionoradditionofimages;for publisheditemsalsoalteration,omissionoradditionoftext) changeinpublicationstatus(e.g.,identifiablerestrike,evidenceof publication/productionbyadifferentpublisher,studio,etc.) changeinmatrix(e.g.,adeliberatealterationoftheprintingplate, block,stone,negative,etc.fromwhichtheprintwasmade) changeinphotographicprintingprocess

E1.3.Examplesofdifferencesthatdonotinthemselvesnecessarilysignaltheneed foranewrecordintheabsenceofotherdifferencesinclude:

adifferenceincarrier(e.g.,differentpaperstock,differentsheetsize) thepresenceorabsenceofhandcoloring adifferenceinhandwrittenannotations

E1.4.Thesedefaultguidelinesusuallyresultinasinglebibliographicrecord beingusedtorepresentasinglemanifestation,identifyingasinglestate,ora visiblydistinctvariation.Thisrecordmayinclude,inlocalnotes,information thatdoesnotapplytoallinstancesofthestateorvariation.

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APPENDIXE.VARIATIONSREQUIRINGANEWRECORD

E2.Alternativeguidelines
E2.1.Thedefaultapproachpresentedabovemaynotbedesirableinevery situation.Institutionsmaysometimeswanttocreateasinglerecordfordifferent manifestationsofgraphicresourcesintheircollections(e.g.,differentstatesofthe sameprint).Alternativerules(see2A0,4G)provideforsuchdescriptions.The catalogermustbeconsistentinapplyingthesealternativerulesthroughoutthe description. E2.2.Factorsthatmayinfluencethedecisiontodescribemultiplevariationsona singlebibliographicrecordinclude:

thecomprehensivenessofaninstitutionscollections theperceivedneedsoftheusersofthesecollections whetherandhowthematerialshavebeendescribedinastandard referencesource whetherthematerialscanbecomparedtootherinstances thedesireforconsistencywithotherrecordsintheinstitutionscatalog thequalityoftherecordsavailableforuseincopycataloging thestructureofanyshareddatabasetowhichaninstitution contributesitsrecords thenatureofaninstitutionspolicies,priorities,andstaffinglevels

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APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS
F1.Nameaccesspoints
F1.1.Introduction Providingaccesspointsforthenamesofpeople,families,andcorporatebodies associatedwiththecreationorprovenanceofthematerialbeingcatalogedhelps usersfindandbetterunderstandspecialcollectionsmaterials.Nameaccess pointsareformalizedrepresentationsofnamesaddedtothedescriptiontoalert userstoalltheworksassociatedwithaparticularcreator,regardlessofhowthe nameappearsonasinglework.Theyareparticularlyimportantinitemlevel cataloging,wherethebodyofthedescriptionemphasizestranscriptionofnames astheyappearintheitemwhetherornotthatformofthenameiseasily recognizable. Multiplenameaccesspointscanbeusedtodrawattentiontocreatorswho shapeddifferentaspectsofaresource,suchastheartistandengraver,or architectanddraftsman.Nameaccesspointscanalsoidentifyacopyright claimant,client,sponsor,donor,andformerowner. Thisappendixcoversspecificsituationscommonlyencounteredbygraphic materialcatalogers.Thisappendixisnotintendedasanexhaustivelistofall instancesinwhichnameaccesspointsmaybemade.Usejudgmentin determiningwhichnameswillbemostusefultohelpcatalogusersdiscoveror selecttheiteminhand. F1.2.Rulesrelevanttotheprovisionofnameaccesspoints Forguidanceinformulatingthenamesusedasaccesspoints,seetheAnglo AmericanCataloguingRules,Revised(chapters22and24).Librariesthatadopt RDA[usesamelanguageweusedabove]ResourceDescriptionandAccess.. Theuseofrelatortermsisencouragedtohelpcatalogusersrecognizetherole playedbythepersonorcorporatebodynamedintheaccesspointinrelationto theresourcebeingcataloged.AlistofrelatortermsisavailableattheLibraryof CongressintheMARCCodeListforRelators, http://www.loc.gov/marc/relators/.

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APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS TheDCRM(G)elementsmostlikelytobethesourceofnameaccesspoints include:


1F.Statementsofresponsibility 4C.Nameofpublisher,distributor,etc. 4F.Nameofmanufacturer 7.NoteArea

F1.3.MainandAddedEntryChoices Manylibrarycatalogsystemsidentifytheprimarycreatorofanitemasthe mainentry.Othernameaccesspointsarecalledaddedentries.Titlemain entrycanbeusedwhencreatorresponsibilityisdiffuse,ambiguous,or unknown. Itcanbehelpfultothinkofthemainentryasthenamethatisusefulfor organizingachecklistofitemsalphabeticallybycreator.Forexample,alistof historicalprintswouldhaveentriesunderJ.H.Bufford&Co.,Currier&Ives, andL.Prang&Co.Ingeneral,themainentryrepresentsanamethatappearsin thestatementofresponsibility.Insomecases,suchastheprintsmentioned above,apublishermaybeanappropriatechoiceforthemainentry. Thefollowingtablerepresentscommonsituations,butisnotprescriptive. Individualinstitutionswillneedtoconsider[insertstandardvocab...[choiceof mainentrydependsoncollectinginterestofcatalogingagency]] Work Mainentry Addedentry None Photoalbumwithphotographer ascreator;nootherresponsible Photographer partiesnamed Newsphotowithcorporate employerofphotographers Corporatebody (producer/publisher;no individualphotographernamed

None

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APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS Work Newsphotowithcorporate employerofphotographers (producer/publisher;individual photographerisnamed Etchingafterapainting (adaptationfromanother medium) Posterwithartistsprinted signatureandasponsoring organization Woodengravingaftera drawing;bothartistand engravernamed Woodengravingaftera drawing;onlyartistnamed Lithographwithnamed lithographer,artist,andprinter Architecturaldrawingwith namedarchitectanddraftsman Technicaldrawingforadesign byaknowndesigner,butonly architectsnameappearsonthe technicaldrawing Documentaryphotographofa buildingbyanamedarchitect Collectedbodyofmaterial assembledbyanidentified personorcompanyotherthan therepository Collectedbodyofmaterialby differentcreatorsassembledby therepository Mainentry Addedentry

Photographer

Corporatebody

Etcher

Painter

Artistor Sponsor/advertiser

Sponser/advertiser orArtist

Engraver

Artist

Artist Lithographer Architect

None Artistandprinter Draftsman

Designer

Architect

Photographer

Architect

Collectororcompiler

Anyother creator(s)

None (title=mainentry)

Anycreator(s)

APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS Work Collectedbodyofmaterialby thesamecreatorassembledby therepository Mainentry Creator Addedentry Othercreators

Unidentifiedcreator;ambiguous None creators;manycreators; (title=mainentry) questionableattributions

Anycreator(s)or possiblecreator(s)

F2.Titleaccesspoints
F2.1.Introduction Titleaccessplaysanimportantroleinenablinguserstoidentifyandlocate specialcollectionsmaterials.Thisappendixlistsspecificsituations,commonly encounteredbyrarematerialscatalogers,inwhichtheprovisionoftitleaccess pointsislikelytobeuseful. Thisappendixisnotintendedasanexhaustivelistofallinstancesinwhichtitle accesspointsmaybemade.Usejudgmentindeterminingwhichformsofaccess willbemostusefulfortheiteminhand.Taketheindexingcapabilitiesofthe institutionslocalsystemintoconsiderationwhendeterminingwhetherthe additionalaccesspointsareneeded. F2.2.Rulesrelevanttotheprovisionoftitleaccesspoints ThelistispresentedinDCRM(G)rulenumberorder.Titleaccesspoints consideredoptionalarelabeledassuch. 0B1.Titleproper Provideaccessfortheentiretitleproperexactlyastranscribed,disregarding initialarticlesasrequiredbyfilingrules. 0F1.1.Titleproperinnonromanscript Ifnonromantexthasbeentranscribedwithinthefirstfivewordsofthetitle proper,provideadditionaltitleaccessforaromanizedversionofthetitleproper usingtheALALCRomanizationTables.

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APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS Transcription:
- !

Additionaltitleaccess:
Rodina-mat' zovet!

0G1.3.Rebuses. Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsarebus,provide additionaltitleaccessforthetitlewiththeintendedwordsunbracketed. Transcription:


The [Bute] interest in the [city], or, The [bridge] in the [hole]

Additionaltitleaccess:
The Bute interest in the city, or, The bridge in the hole

Additionaltitleaccess:
The boot interest in the city, or, The bridge in the hole (Comment: rebus represents Bute with an image of a boot)

0G2.2.Titleproperwithconvertedlettersi/joru/v IfanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsIorJconvertedto lowercase,ori,j,u,orvconvertedtouppercase,andtheconversiondoesnot matchmodernconventions,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformofthe titleproperthatcorrespondstomodernorthography(i.e.,usingiandufor vowels,jandvforconsonants,andwforconsonantalvv). Ifitdiffersfromtitleaccesspointsalreadyprovided,alsoprovidetitleaccessfor theformofthetitleproperthatcorrespondstothegraphicalappearanceofthe lettersinthesource,convertingIorJrespectivelyintoiorj,andi,j,u,orv respectivelyintoI,J,U,orV. Source: [B]LESOEVVRESMORALESDEPLVTARQVE Transcription:
[B] Les oeuures morales de Plutarque

Additionaltitleaccess(normalizedmodern):
[B] Oeuvres morales de Plutarque

APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS Additionaltitleaccess(convertedgraphical):
[B] Oevvres morales de Plvtarqve

0G3.7.Punctuationsubstitutingforletters(Optional) Ifatitlepropercontainshyphensorothercharactersassubstitutesforletters, andthemeaningofthecharactersisknown,provideadditionalaccesstothe decodedformofthetitle. 0G4.3.Variantspellingsinvolvingspacing Ifanyvariantorarchaicspacinghasbeentranscribedinthefirstfivewordsof thetitleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitlewithmodern spacing. Source: AttheFootoftheTrail,YoSemiteValley Transcription:
At the foot of the trail, Yo Semite Valley

Optionaladditionaltitleaccess:
At the foot of the trail, Yosemite Valley (Comment:optionalbecausespaceisnotwithinfirstfivewords)

0G4.2.Titleproperwithinsertedspacing Ifanyspacinghasbeeninsertedinthetranscriptionofthefirstfivewordsofthe titleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitlewiththewords closedup. Source: [B]LAMORTEDORFEO Transcription:


[B] La morte d'Orfeo

Additionaltitleaccess:
[B] Lamorte d'Orfeo

0G6.4.Titleproperwithaninterpolatedblank Ifablankspaceintendedtobefilledinmanuscripthasbeentranscribedwithin thefirstfivewordsofthetitleproperasthewordblankenclosedinsquare 184 DescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterials(Graphics)DRAFTv.6.0

APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS brackets,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitleproperwithoutthe interpolatedblank. Transcription:


This certifies that [blank] is a member of the Native American Republican Association of Philadelphia

Additionaltitleaccess:
This certifies that is a member of the Native American Republican Association of Philadelphia

0G7.1.Titleproperwithcorrectedinaccuracy Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsamisprintthathasbeen correctedinthetranscriptionthroughtheinsertionof[i.e....],provideadditional titleaccessfortheformoftitleproperasitappearsinthesource,withoutthe correction.Inaddition,providetitleaccessfortheformoftitleasifithadbeen printedcorrectly. Source: GeneralSarsfieldintereptinganddestroyingKingWilliamsCannon Transcription:


General Sarsfield interepting [i.e. intercepting] and destroying King Williams cannon

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutinterpolation):
General Sarsfield interepting and destroying King Williams cannon

Additionaltitleaccess(withcorrectspelling):
General Sarsfield intercepting and destroying King Williams cannon

Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainsamisprintthathasbeen qualifiedinthetranscriptionbytheinsertionof[sic],provideadditionaltitle accessfortheformoftitleproperwithoutthe[sic].Inaddition,providetitle accessfortheformoftitleasifithadbeenprintedcorrectly. Source: TheEnragetPoliticianortheSundayReformeroraNobleBellmanCrying StinkingFish Transcription:


The enraget [sic] politician, or, The Sunday reformer, or, A noble bellman crying stinking fish

APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS Additionaltitleaccess(withoutinterpolation):
The enraget politician, or, The Sunday reformer, or, A noble bellman crying stinking fish

Additionaltitleaccess(withcorrectspelling):
The enraged politician, or, The Sunday reformer, or, A noble bellman crying stinking fish

0G7.1.Titleproperwithnonstandardorthography(Optional) Ifthetitlepropercontainswordsspelledaccordingtoolderornonstandard orthographicconventions,provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitlespelled accordingtomodernorthography. Source: YoSemiteFall,CloseView Transcription:


Yo-Semite Fall, close view

Additionaltitleaccess:
Yosemite Fall, close view

0G7.2.Titleproperwithapproximatedletters Ifanyofthefirstfivewordsinthetitlepropercontainstwolettersusedto approximateathirdletter,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheformoftitle properwiththeletterstranscribedasset. Source: AinAnzaigungrvieD.MartinusLuther Transcription:


Ain Anzaigung wie D. Martinus Luther

Additionaltitleaccess:
Ain Anzaigung rvie D. Martinus Luther

0G8.2.Titleproperwithspecialmarksofcontraction(Optional) Ifthetitlepropercontainsacatalogersexpansionsofbrevigraphs(earlymarks ofcontraction),provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitleasitappearsinthe publication,ignoringthebrevigraphs.Inaddition,providetitleaccessforthe transcribedformofthetitleproper,butwithoutthesquarebrackets.

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APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS Source: HENRICVSDEIGRREXANGLIE Transcription:


Henricus Dei gra[tia] Rex Anglie

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutexpansion):
Henricus Dei gra Rex Anglie

Additionaltitleaccess(withoutsquarebrackets):
Henricus Dei gratia Rex Anglie

0G8.3.Abbreviations Ifanabbreviationormoderncontractionfallswithinthefirstfivewordsinthe titleproper,provideadditionaltitleaccessfortheexpandedformifconsidered important. Transcription:


St. Anne's Church, Annapolis, Md

Optionaladditionaltitleaccess:
Saint Annes Church, Annapolis, Maryland

0G10.Titleproperwithinitials,etc.(Optional) Ifthetitlepropercontainsinitials,initialisms,oracronymswithinternalspaces, provideadditionaltitleaccessforthetitlewiththespacesclosedup.Conversely, ifthetitlepropercontainsinitials,initialisms,oracronymswithoutinternal spaces,providetitleaccessforthetitlewiththespacesinserted. 1B3.2.Titleproperinclusiveofanalternativetitle(Optional) Provideadditionaltitleaccessforanalternativetitle. 1B5.2.Inadequatetranscribedtitle(Optional) Provideadditionaltitleaccessthroughadevisedorsuppliedtitlewhenthe transcribedtitledoesnotaccuratelyoradequatelydescribethematerial.
Descriptive title: [example needed] Hollstein title: [example needed] (Comment:additionaltitlesuppliedfromcatalogueraisonn)

APPENDIXF.NAMEANDTITLEACCESSPOINTS 1B8.Titleproperwithnameofpartorsectionofawork(Optional) Provideadditionaltitleaccessforatitlethatisapartorasectionofanotherwork whenbothtitles,whetherornotgrammaticallyseparable,arerecordedtogether asthetitleproper. 1C.Paralleltitles(Optional) Provideadditionaltitleaccessforaparalleltitle. 1E1.Additionaltitlesuppliedfromanothersource(Optional) Provideadditionaltitleaccesstotitlesincataloguesraisonnsorotherreference sourcesnotusedtosupplythetitleproperiftheadditionalaccessseemsuseful. Thisisparticularlyappropriateforprintswheremajorcataloguesraisonns providetitlesindifferentlanguages. 6B1.Titleproperofseries(Optional) Provideaccessfortheseriestitleproperexactlyasitappearsinthepublication, unlesstitleaccessisprovidedusingauniformseriestitle. 7B47B5.Titlevariantsandothertitles(Optional) Provideadditionalaccessforcovertitles,picturecaptions,andothersignificant othertitleinformation. 7B10.Titlesofaccompanyingmaterial(Optional) Provideadditionalaccessforanyseparatetitleonaccompanyingmaterial deemeduseful.

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APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS
G1.Introduction
Thisappendixprovidesguidancefortranscriptionofarchaicletterandcharacter forms,includingmarksofpunctuation,andarchaicconventionsofcontraction, knownasbrevigraphs.Althoughthisappendixcannotbeexhaustive,itis intendedtoprovidesufficientguidanceforthemostcommonoccurrences,and togiveabasisforjudgmentinambiguoussituations.

G2.Earlyletterformsandsymbols
Accordingtotheinstructionsfortranscriptioninrule0G1.1,earlierformsof lettersandsymbolsareconvertedtotheirmodernforms. Earlyletterformsandsymbols
Source Transcription Example Transcriptionof example Notes

d ij k M D

dethe alijs ooghelijck MDCCV

Ligatureditalicijmay looklike TypicalinearlyFrench signatures InvertedCusedto formRomannumeral

MorDiscalledan apostrophus r s for refuse


Longs(anfhasa crossbaronthestem; thebaronalongs,if present,extendsfrom onesideonly)

ss

dess

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APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS sz desz
Longsandzare spacednormally,no ligature

WestRiding mss Bche


Superscripte functioningasan umlaut

&

&c.

G3.Brevigraphs(earlycontractions)
Accordingtotheinstructionsfortranscriptioninrule0G8.2,brevigraphs,or symbolsofcontractionusedincontinuanceofthemanuscripttradition,are expandedtotheirfullform,withcatalogersuppliedlettersorwordsenclosedin squarebrackets.Thevaluesofmanybrevigraphsaredependentoncontext,with themostcommonvaluesprovidedhere. Brevigraphs
Source Transcription Example Transcriptionof example Notes

[missing letter(s)]

co[n]summatu[m] Overavowel,usually norm;overa D[omi]n[u]s


consonant,often replacesseveralletters

[ae] [Christus]

h[ae]c

Abrevigraphusing bothGreekandLatin letters

[con]

[con]cor[di]a

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APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS [es] [ius] [us] [m] [habet] [hoc] [per] [par] [pro] [pri] [quam] [quan] [que] [qui] [quia] [quo] [quod] [recta] [rum] [scilicet] [sed] statut[es] Ross[es] cu[ius] ei[us] Impressu[m]
Ahighlyversatile symbol;seealso,for example,[habet], [que],[scilicet] and[sed]below

[addimage]

su[per] [par]ticulari[bus] [pro]pter [pri]ma vn[quam] [quan]tum quo[que] Herculeae[que] quos[que] [qui]b[us] quo[rum] libro[rum]

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS [th] [the] [that]


Whenyisusedto representtheOld English/Icelandic character[thorn], enclosethplus additionallettersin squarebrackets.

[ur] [us] [bus] [ver]

nascunt[ur]

Superscript;asimilar reb[us] [par]ticulari[bus] characteratbaseline represents[con]

[ver]tuoso

G4.Lettersi/jandu/v
G4.1.Historicalbackground.Someknowledgeofthehistoryofprintingasit appliestothelettersi/jandu/vishelpfulwhenapplyingtheprovisionsof0G2.2. Untiltheearlyseventeenthcentury,thestandardLatinalphabetcontained23 letters.Thelettersweknowasiandjwereconsidereddifferentminuscule shapes(orgraphs)ofthesameletter,aswerethelettersuandv.Theletterwwas notpartofthestandardLatinalphabet.Thechoiceoftheugraphinpreference tothevgraph(ortheitothej)dependedonitsplacementinawordandwas governedbyconvention.Conventionsvariedsomewhatfrompersontoperson, butoftenreflectednationalandregionalpreferences.Whiletherewerevariant graphsforlowercaseletters,inthepremoderndistributiontherewasonlyone graphforeachoftheselettersusedascapitals:I(withthegothicformresembling amodernJ),andV(withthegothicformresemblingamodernU).Forexample, =Iacob; =Vnspotted(capitalizedasthefirstwordofatitle). Thedominantpatternsinusebeforetheseventeenthcenturywere:

iusedintheinitial,medial,andfinalposition,withoutsignifying vocalicorconsonantaluse;e.g.,iustice(modernform:justice) jusedinthemedialorfinalpositiononlyafteraprecedingi(more typicalontheEuropeancontinent),signifyingvocalicuse;e.g., commentarij(modernform:commentarii) uusedintheinitial,medialorfinalposition,withoutsignifyingvocalic

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APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS orconsonantaluse;e.g.,oeuures(modernform:oeuvres)

vusedintheinitialposition,withoutsignifyingvocalicorconsonantal use;e.g.,vtilita(modernform:utilita) Iusedinallpositions,withoutsignifyingvocalicorconsonantaluse; e.g.,Iuan(modernform:Juan) Vusedinallpositions,withoutsignifyingvocalicorconsonantaluse; e.g.,Vrsprung(modernform:Ursprung)

Agradualshifttookplaceovertime,fromthelatefifteenthcenturythroughthe middleoftheseventeenthcentury,withU/ucomingtophoneticallysignifya vowelandV/vtosignifyaconsonant,regardlessofcaseorpositionintheword. Likewisewithiandj,althoughtheshiftwasmoreirregular,withI/icomingto phoneticallysignifyavowelandJ/jaconsonant.Inthemodern26letterLatin alphabet,iandjanduandvareallconsideredseparateletters. G4.2.Transcription.Whentherulesforcapitalizationrequireconvertingthe lettersIorVtolowercaseori,j,u,orvtouppercase,14usetheconversiontable inrule0G2.2.ThistableispresentedasthesolutionoflastresortinDCRM(B) andDCRM(S).Becausepicturesoftenhavelittletextandexistingtextisoftenin avarietyofstyles(includingdecorativeones),thereisrarelysufficienttextto establishpatternsofusage.Therefore,itispresentedinDCRM(G)astheprimary guidlineforconversion.

G5.Letterw
G5.1.Historicalbackground.Therepresentationoftheletterwisnottobe confusedwiththedevelopmentsoftheu/vgraphs.Thewgraphwaspartofthe standardalphabetforGermaniclanguages.MostearlyprintingwasinLatin, shiftinggraduallytoincludeagreaterproportionofvernacularlanguages
AnuppercaseJinthesourcesignalsthatiandjarefunctioningasseparateletters, requiringnospecialconsiderationwhileconvertingcase.Likewise,anuppercaseUinthesource signalsthatuandvarefunctioningasseparateletters,requiringnospecialconsiderationwhile convertingcase.
14

APPENDIXG.EARLYLETTERFORMSANDSYMBOLS throughoutEurope.Wandwmusthavebeenscantyincasesofromantype,and theyappeartohavebeenfrequentlyexhaustedwhensettingtextinDutch, English,orGerman.Whenthathappened,compositorsusuallydidoneoftwo things:usedVVorvvtostandinforWorw,orpermanentlyalteredVorvtype piecesachievedbyfilingorshavingoneoftheserifs,oftentherightserifonthe leftpiecesothatthetwotypepieceswouldsitcloselytogetherintheforme, therebymorecloselyresemblingaw.InearlyGermantexts,printerssometimes usedacurvedrfollowedbyavtoapproximateaw. G5.2.Transcription.WhenVVandvvgraphshavebeenusedtorepresentthe singleletterWorw,transcribethemasVVorvvasappropriate.Whenthereis clearevidenceofthefilingofoneorbothpiecesoftypeshowingtheintentionof creatingtheWorwgraph,transcribeasWorw,makinganexplanatorynote,if consideredimportant.Incasesofdoubt,transcribeasVVandvv.Whenseparate rvgraphshavebeenusedbytheprintertoapproximatethesingleletterWorw, transcribeasWorw,makinganexplanatorynote,ifconsideredimportant(see 0G7.2). FormsofW
Source Transcription Example Transcriptionof example Notes

vv w w

vvhole whole weysse

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APPENDIXH.MATERIALWITHTITLEPAGES
H0.Introduction
Thisappendixprovidesguidanceforcatalogingformallypublishedportfolios, booksofplates,etc.bearingconventionaltitlepageswhengraphicmaterial characteristicsaretheprimaryfocusofthedescription(seePrecataloging decisions).Thoseseekingafulltreatmentoftitlepagesasthechiefsourceof informationshouldrefertoDescriptiveCatalogingofRareMaterial(Books).

H0.1.Chiefsourceofinformation
H0.1.1.Singletitlepage H0.1.1.1Thechiefsourceofinformationformaterialwithatitlepageisthetitle page.Ifinformationtraditionallygivenonthetitlepageisgivenontwofacing pagesoronpagesonsuccessiveleaves,withorwithoutrepetition,treatallof thesepagesasthechiefsourceofinformation. H0.1.1.2.However,ifapublicationbearsacoverissuedbythepublisher,andthe covercontainsalltheelementstypicallygivenonatitlepagebutwithmore recentinformationthanthatprovidedonthetitlepage(e.g.,alateredition statementandpublicationdate),choosethecoverasthechiefsourceof information.Makeanotetoindicatethatthecoverhasbeenchosenasthechief sourceofinformation. H0.1.3.Multipletitlepages Ifthereismorethanonetitlepage,chooseasthechiefsourceofinformationone ofthefollowing,applyingthefirstapplicablecriterion: a) Ifthetitlepagespresentthematerialindifferentaspects(e.g.,asan individualpublicationandaspartofamultipartmonograph),preferthe onethatcorrespondstotheaspectinwhichthematerialistobetreated. b) Ifthematerialisinmorethanonevolume,eachofwhichhasatitlepage, usethetitlepageinthefirstvolume(orthelowestnumberedvolumeif thefirstvolumeisnotavailable). c) Ifthematerialisinonevolumeandthechiefdifferencebetweenmultiple titlepagesisthedate,choosetheonewiththelatestdate.

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APPENDIXH.MATERIALWITHTITLEPAGES d) Ifthematerialisinonevolumeandthechiefdifferencebetweentwotitle pagesisthatoneisletterpressandtheotherisnot,choosetheletterpress titlepage. e) Ifthematerialhasthesametitlepageinmorethanonelanguageorscript, choosethetitlepagethatisinthelanguageorscriptofthemainpartof thematerial. f) Iftwotitlepagesfaceoneanother,choosetheoneontherectoofitsleaf. g) Iftwoormoretitlepagesfollowoneanother,choosethefirstone. Indicateinanotethesourcechosenasthechiefsourceofinformationifother thantheusualtitlepage,or,inamultipartmonograph,ifotherthanthetitle pageofthefirstvolume(seeH7.2).

H1.TitleandStatementofResponsibilityArea
Transcribetitleandstatementofresponsibilityinformationintheformandorder inwhichitispresentedinthesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecific rules(see0G). Fortransposedelements,makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthetitle page

H2.EditionArea
H2.0.Introduction Usethisareatotranscribeeditionstatementsinthebibliographicsense.For editioninthegraphicmaterialssenseofaprintrun,see7B7.3.Seealso2A0. H2.1.Sourcesofinformation Theprescribedsourcesofinformationfortheeditionareaarethetitlepage,other preliminaries,colophon,andcover,inthatorderofpreference.Ifanedition statementoranypartoftheeditionareaistranscribedfromelsewherethanthe titlepage,indicateitssourceinanote.

APPENDIXH.MATERIALWITHTITLEPAGES H2.2Formandorderofinformation Transcribeeditioninformationintheformandorderinwhichitispresentedin thesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules(see0G). H2.3.Editionstatement H2.3.1.Generalrule Transcribeastatementrelatingtoaneditionorissueofapublicationasit appears,accordingtothegeneralrules0B0G.Includeanyexplanatorywordsor phrasesappearingwiththeeditionstatement. H2.3.2.Wordsconsideredpartoftheeditionstatement H2.3.2.1.Editionstatementsnormallyincludeeitherthewordedition(orits equivalentinotherlanguages),orarelatedtermsuchasrevisionorissue. H2.3.2.2.Treataphrasesuchasnewlyprintedasaneditionstatementunlessit ispartofastatementbeingtranscribedinthepublication,distribution,etc.,area. Incaseofdoubt,treatsuchastatementasaneditionstatement. H2.3.3.Wordssuchasimpressionorprinting Usejudgmentintranscribingstatementscontainingwordssuchasimpression orprinting.Inbooksfromthehandpressera,suchstatementsusuallysignala neweditionorissue.Inthesecases,thestatementmayproperlybeconsideredan editionstatement.

H4.Publication,Distribution,Etc.
Transcribepublication,distribution,etc.informationintheformandorderin whichitispresentedinthesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules (see0G). Fortransposedelements,makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthetitle page

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APPENDIXH.MATERIALWITHTITLEPAGES

H5.PhysicalDescription
H5.1.Graphicmaterialwithoutseparateletterpress Formulatethephysicaldescriptionaccordingtotheprovisionsofchapter5when thematerialis.Optionally,recordbibliographicextentinanote.
13 prints (in 1 volume) : engravings ; leaves 29 x [check it] cm Optional note: Foliation: [1], 12 leaves (Comment:Engravedtitlepageisunnumbered;eachofthe12engravedleavesof imageswithversesbelowthatfollowisnumberedsequentiallywitharabic numerals) [example needed: volume of woodcut or wood-engraved images, to show its separate letterpress thats the issue. Erin has one with little wood-engraved Shakespeare scenes, six to a leaf, that she cant remember the name of... but it would be something like 48 prints (on 8 leaves in one volume)]

H5.2.Graphicmaterialwithseparateletterpress Recordthenumberofleavesorpagesofletterpressattheendofthesequence(s) ofgraphicmaterial,whethertheletterpressisfoundtogetherordistributed throughoutthepublication.Optionally,recordbibliographicextentinanote.


[need examples: the ones below are made-up as placeholders 12 photographs, 1 leaf of letterpress (in 1 portfolio) 32 prints, 18 pages of letterpress (in 1 volume)

H6.Series
Transcribepublication,distribution,etc.informationintheformandorderin whichitispresentedinthesource,unlessinstructedotherwisebyspecificrules (see0G). Fortransposedelements,makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthetitle page

H7.Notes
H7.1.Sourceoftitleproper Alwaysmakeanoteonthesourceofthetitleproper.

APPENDIXH.MATERIALWITHTITLEPAGES H7.2.Chiefsourceofinformation Makeanoteonthesourcechosenaschiefsourceofinformationifotherthanthe usualtitlepage. H7.2.Transposition Fortransposedelements,makeanotetoindicatetheoriginalpositiononthetitle page H7.3Bibliographicextent(Optional) Ifconsideredimportant,makeanoteonbibliographicextentintermsof paginationand/orfoliation.

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APPENDIX[X].RDACONTENTTYPE,MEDIATYPE,ANDCARRIER TYPE
[X]1.Introduction
InstitutionsthatadoptRDA:ResourceDescriptionandAccesshavetwo additionalrequiredelements:contenttype,andcarriertype.Theymayalso usetheoptionalelementmediatype. Theseelementsdonotreplacethephysicaldescriptionarea(seechapter5). SeeAppendixAforMARC21applicationinformation.

[X]2.RDAelements
[X]2.1.Contenttype UsethecontenttypestillimageinsteadoftheGMDtermgraphic.Use additionaltermsasneeded. [X]2.2.Mediatype(Optional) Forthiselement,themostcommonmediatypesforgraphicmaterialsare unmediatedandcomputer. [X]2.3.Carriertype Forthisrequiredelement,commoncarriertypesforgraphicmaterialsinclude:

Computerdisc Roll Sheet Slide Volume

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APPENDIXY.ABBREVIATIONSFORCREATORS,PUBLISHERS, PRINTERS,ETC.
Abbreviation a.f.,aq.,aqt.,aqua., aquaf., A.P. APDR aq:tinta., B.A.T. cae.,cael., comp. Fullform aquafortioraquaforti fecit artistsproof avecprivilgeduroi aquatinta bontirer caelavit composuit Significance etchedby (SeeArtistsproofin theGlossary) Frenchprivilegesuntil 1792 aquatintedby proofprintforthe printer engravedby designedby(e.g., personwhomadea drawingforan engravertoworkfrom) Frenchprivilegesuntil 1792 Venetianprivilege privilegeswithinthe jurisdictionoftheHoly RomanEmperors drawnby designedordrawnby drawnby directedby publishedby copyrightintheU.S. drawnby engravedby publishedorprinted by madeby

CPR CPES CPSCM

cumprivilegioregis cumprivilegio ExcellentissimiSenatus cumprivilegiosacrae CaesarisMaiestatis delineavit designavit dessin direxit divulgavit EnteredAccordingto ActofCongress effigiavit engravedorengraver excudit faciebat

del.,delt.,delin. desig. dess. direx. divulg. E.A.A.C. effig. engd.,eng. ex.,exc.,exct.,excud. fac.

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APPENDIXY.ABBREVIATIONSFORCREATORS,PUBLISHERS,PRINTERS,ETC. f.,fec.,fect. fig. gedr.zu gez. H.C. imp. inc.,incid. in.,inv. lith.;litho.;lithog. phsc. ping.,pins.,pinx. scrip. sc.,sculp.,sculpt. Bibliography Gascoigne,Bamber.HowtoIdentifyPrints.NewYork:ThamesandHudson, c1986. Griffiths,Antony.PrintsandPrintmaking.[London]:BritishMuseumPress,1996. PhiladelphiaPrintShop.GlossaryofPrintmakingNomenclatureandAbbreviations, 2005,http://www.philaprintshop.com/abbrtb.html Zigrosser,CarlandChristaM.Gaehde.AGuidetotheCollectingandCareof OriginalPrints.NewYork:Crownpublishers,1965,p.5960. fecit figuravit gedrucktzu gezeichnet HorsCommerce impressit inciditorincidebat invenit lithographedby photosculpsit pingebatorpinxit scripsit sculpebatorsculpsit madeby drawnby printedat drawnby notforsale printedby engravedby designedby drawnonstoneor publishedonstoneby photoengravedby paintedby engravedtextby engravedoretchedby

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GLOSSARY
Thisglossaryisintendedtoexplaintermsthatneedtobeunderstoodinorderto applyDCRM(G).Foramorecompleteglossaryoftermsrelatedtographic materials,seetheBibliography.SeealsotheglossariesinAACR2AppendixD andRDA. After.Inimitationof;atermusedtodescribetheadaptationofanartisticwork byasecondartistorcraftsman,e.g.,aprintbyFrankShortafterthepainting byJ.M.W.Turner.SeealsoReproductiveprint. Alternativetitle.Thesecondpartofatitleproperthatconsistsoftwoparts,each ofwhichisatitle;thepartsarejoinedbythewordororitsequivalentin anotherlanguage,e.g.,Thetempest,or,Theenchantedisland. Architecturalrendering.Apictorialrepresentationofabuildingintendedto show,beforeithasbeenbuilt,howthebuildingwilllookwhencompleted. Archivalcollection.[tobedefined].SeealsoCollection. Artprint.SeePrint. Artreproduction.SeeReproductiveprint. Artistsproof.Impressionofaprint,actuallyidenticaltotheregulareditionand identifiablebyamanuscriptannotation(e.g.,A.P.)indicatingthatitisforthe artistsuse.AlsoknownbytheFrenchequivalent,preuvedartiste. Attribution.Ascribingresponsibilityforaworkofarttoaparticularcreator. Bibliographicdescription.Asetofdatarecordingandidentifyinga manifestationinalibrarycontext,i.e.,thedescriptionthatbeginswiththe titleproperandendswiththelastnote,regardlessofwhetherthe manifestationisabook,aphotograph,amanuscript,etc. Bontirerproof.Aproofimpression,oftensignedbytheartistandmeantasa paradigmfortheprintertoreplicateinsubsequentimpressions.Fromthe Frenchtermmeaninggoodtopull. Borndigital.Originatingindigitalform;atermappliedtoimage,text,orother computercreatedcontentthathasnoanalogmanifestation.

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GLOSSARY Brevigraph.Ascribalsymbolthatstandsforawordormeaningfulunitwithina word.Theampersand(&)isawellknownexample. Cancelledplate.Plateorothergraphicmatrixdefacedbytheartistoncethe printingofalimitededitionhasbeencompleted,thusensuringthatno furthersaleableimpressionscanbeproducedfromit. Carriertype.Carriertypeisacategorizationreflectingtheformatofthestorage mediumandHousingofacarrierincombinationwiththetypeof intermediationdevicerequiredtoview,play,run,etc.,thecontentofa resource. Chiefsourceofinformation.Thesourceofinformationtobegivenpreferenceas thesourcefromwhichabibliographicdescription(orportionthereof)is prepared.SeealsoPrescribedsourceofinformation. Chieftitle.Thedistinguishingwordorsequenceofwordsthatnamesa manifestation.Thisdefinitionexcludesalternativetitles,paralleltitles,other titleinformation,andsubsidiarytitleinformationprecedingthechieftitle, suchexclusionresultingusuallyinashorttitle.SeealsoTitleproper. Chronogram.Aphrase,sentence,orothertextinwhichthenumericvaluesof certainletters(usuallydistinguishedtypographically)expressadatewhen addedtogether. Collection.Agroupofgraphicitems,includingassociatedmaterials,either acquiredbytherepositoryasanexistingcollectionorassembledbythe repositoryintoaunitforcatalogingpurposes.Theitems,whether individuallypublishedornot,donotasacollectionconstituteamultipart resource.Howevertheywereformed,acollectioniscatalogedasaunitin ordertoreflectoneormoreofthefollowingcharacteristics:(1)theitemsare theproductorcollectionofoneormorepersonsorfamilygroup;(2)theitems aretheproductorcollectionofacorporatebody;(3)theitemsrepresentthe creativeeffortofoneperson,group,orcorporatebody;(4)theitemswere broughttogetherbyacollector,anditisnecessaryordesirabletomaintain themasauniteveniftherearedisparatesubjectsordifferentformats;(5)the itemsweredesignatedacollectionatthetimeofaccessioning,withthe requirementthattheitemsnotbedisseminated;(6)theitemshaveinherent unitybyvirtueofasingletopicorseveralthematicallyrelatedtopics;(7)the itemshaveinherentunitybyvirtueoftheirmediumorformat.Subunits

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GLOSSARY withincollectionsmaybeformedaccordingtothesamecharacteristics.See alsoArchivalcollection. Container.Housingforanitem,orgroupofitems,orapartofanyitem,thatis readilyphysicallyseparablefromthegraphicmaterialhousedwithin. Contenttype.Contenttypeisacategorizationreflectingthefundamentalformof communicationinwhichthecontentisexpressedandthehumansense throughwhichitisintendedtobeperceived.Forcontentexpressedinthe formofanimageorimages,contenttypealsoreflectsthenumberofspatial dimensionsinwhichthecontentisintendedtobeperceivedandthe perceivedpresenceorabsenceofmovement. Copy.Inthecontextofgraphicmaterials,areproductionorredrawingofan originalimagecreatedbyanotherhand.SeealsoImpression. Cutline.Textunderthecaptionofanewsphotothatdescribesthecontentofthe image. Documentarymaterial.[definitionneeded,see1E2.1] Drawing.Anoriginalpictorialrepresentation,usuallyonpaper,withan emphasisonlineratherthancolororform. Edition.1.Forgraphicmaterials,thequantityofprintsproducedfroma particularmatrixinagivenstate,oftenindicatingalimitationonthenumber produced,(e.g.number4ofaneditionof20).Editioninthissenseis comparabletoalimitationstatementinabook,andshouldnotbeconfused withabibliographicaleditionstatementorbetranscribedinthestatearea. 2.Inbookprinting,allofthecopiesresultingfromasinglejoboftypographical composition. 3.Atermformerlyusedinthecontextofgraphicslooselydenotingallthe impressionsofaprintproducedatasingletime,thusanalogoustoan impressionofabook.Insuchusage,subsequentprintingevents,evenfrom anunchangedmatrix,mightbesaidtoconstituteanewedition.Seealso Restrike. Format.Initswidestsense,theparticularphysicalpresentationofanitem.In specificcases,thetermmaydenoteastandardsize(e.g.35mmor8x10

GLOSSARY photographs),oratechnicalproductionorstoragestandard(e.g.JPEG,PDF, etc.) GMD.SeeGeneralmaterialdesignation. Generalmaterialdesignation.Atermindicatingthebroadclassofmaterialto whichtheitemorcollectionbelongs(e.g.,graphic).SeealsoSpecificmaterial designation. Graphicmaterial.Generally,atwodimensionalpictorialrepresentation. Illustration.Apictorial,diagrammatic,orothergraphicrepresentationoccurring withinapublication,exceptingminordecorativeelementssuchasvignettes, headandtailpieces,historiatedinitials,andprintersornaments. Imperfect.Physicallyincomplete,trimmedordamaged;thetermisusedto describeanitemwhichinsomewayfailstorealizetheintentionofitscreator orissuingbody.SeealsoPerfect. Impression.1.Anindividualexemplarofaprint,usuallyonasinglesheetof paper,bearinganimagecreatedbyprintingfromamatrixsuchasaplateor block.Animpressionofaprintisanalogoustoanindividualcopyofa book.SeealsoCopy. 2.Indescribingbooks,allcopiesproducedinthecourseofoneprintingevent; thetermissynonymouswithprinting. Intaglioprint.Aprintcreatedfromaplatewithincised(recessed)linesand texturesthathavebeencut,scratched,oretchedwithacidintothesurfaceof theplatetoholdinkforprinting. Letterpress.1.Printingdonefrommetaltypeoranyotherreliefsurface. 2.Usedlooselyasatermtodesignatetheprintedtextofamanifestationrather thanitsillustrations. Manifestation Mediatype.Thegeneraltypeofintermediationdevicerequiredtoview,play, run,etc.,thecontentofaresource.

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GLOSSARY Multipartresource.Amanifestationcomplete,orintendedtobecompleted,ina finitenumberofseparateparts.Theseparatepartsmayormaynotbe numbered.SeealsoCollection. Negative.Aglassplateorpieceoffilmonwhichanimageappearswithlight anddarkareasreversedrelativetotheoriginalphotographicsubject.The negativeprovidesthematrixfromwhichthephotographicprintismade. Othertitleinformation.Anytitleotherthanthetitleproperorparalleltitles; alsoanyphraseappearinginconjunctionwiththetitleproper,paralleltitles, orothertitles,indicativeofthecharacter,contents,etc.,ofthematerialorthe motivesfor,oroccasionof,itsproductionorpublication.Subtitles,evenif theyarelinkedtothetitleproperbyapreposition,conjunction,or prepositionalphrase,areincludedasothertitleinformation. Painting.Anypictorialrepresentationproducedbyapplyingpainttoasurface. Paralleltitle.Thetitleproperinanotherlanguageorscript,whichisnot grammaticallylinkedtoanotherpartofthedescription. Perfect.Physicallycompleteandundamaged;atermusedtodescribeanitem whichisintheconditionintendedbyitscreatororissuingbody.Seealso Imperfect. Photograph.SeeNegative,Photographicprint. Photographicprint.Anypicturemadebytheactionoflightonsensitive (usually)silversalts.Inearlyphotographicprocesses,theimagewas producedfromglassplatesorpapernegatives,orwasreproduceddirectly,as inadaguerreotypeortintype.Thetermphotographicprint(ratherthan photograph)isusedhereasamoreprecisetermthanphotograph,which technicallycancoverbothpositiveandnegativeimages. Photomechanicalprint.Anypictureproducedinimitationofanotherpicture throughtheuseofaphotographicprocesstotransfertheimagetoaprinting surface. Photomechanicalreproduction.SeePhotomechanicalprint. Photonegative.SeeNegative.

GLOSSARY Photoprint.SeePhotographicprint. Physicalcarrier.Aphysicalmediuminwhichimagesarestored.Forcertain catagoriesofmaterial,thephysicalcarrierconsistsofastoragemedium(e.g., tape,film,DVD)sometimesencasedinahousingofplastic,metal,etc.(e.g., cassette,cartridge)thatisanintegralpartoftheitem.SeealsoContainer. Picture.Atwodimensionalvisualrepresentationaccessibletothenakedeyeand generallyonanopaqueprimarysupport.Usedwhenamorespecificterm (e.g.,print,photographicprint,drawing)isnotappropriateorwhenthe processisunknown. Plan.Adrawingshowingrelativepositionsonahorizontalplane(e.g.,relative positionsofpartsofabuilding;alandscapedesign;thearrangementof furnitureinaroomorbuilding;agraphicpresentationofamilitaryornaval plan). Planographicprint.Print(suchasalithograph)whichisproducedfroma printingsurfacethatisperfectlyflat,asopposedtoasurfaceonwhichthe imageisraised(relief)orincised(intaglio). Platemark.Indentationinthepaperofanintaglioprintmadebytheedgesofthe matrixduringtheprintingprocess. Portfolio.Acontainerforholdingloosematerials,consistingoftwocoversjoined togetherattheback;thecoversareusuallytiedwithtapesattheforeedge, top,andbottom. Prescribedsourceofinformation.Thesourcefromwhichinformationmustbe transcribedforaparticularareaofthebibliographicdescription,Seealso Chiefsourceofinformation. Primarysupport.Thesupportorbaseonwhichanimageisprintedorexecuted. Print.Adesignorpictureproducedinmultiplesbythetransferofinkfroman engravedplate,woodblock,lithographicstone,orothermatrix.Generally, therearethreemaincategories:reliefprint,intaglioprint,andplanographic print.

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GLOSSARY Progressiveproofs.1.Proofsofaprinttakenatregularintervalsduringan artistsworkonthematrix,thusarecordofdifferentstatesofthework.See alsoTrialproof. 2.Incolorprints,separateproofsmadefromeachblockorstone,which,when printedincombination,producethefullcolorprint. Proof.Anyimpressionofaprintmadeoutsideoftheregularedition.Thiscan includetrialproof,proofbeforeletters,etc. Proofbeforeletters.Stateofaprintmadebeforetitleorothertextual informationhasbeenaddedtothematrix. Provenance.Generally,thehistoryofsuccessivecustodyofaparticularitemor collection. Published.Offeredforsaleorissuedpubliclybyacreatororissuingbody. Reliefprint.Aprintthatisprintedfromtheinkonraisedportionsofawood blockorsomeotherformofreliefblock(e.g.,linoleum).Theportionsnotto beinkedandprintedarecutawaysothatwhatremainsstandsoutinrelief. Remarque.Adrawn,etched,orinciseddesignorsketchdonebytheartistonthe marginofaprintingplateorstone,oftenremovedbeforetheregularprinting. Remarqueproof.Animpressionofaprintmadebeforeremovalofthe remarque. Reproductiveprint.Anoriginalprint(usuallyengraving)thatiseitheracopyin anothermediumofanoriginalworkorisaprintbasedonanotherworkina differentmedium.SeealsoAfter. Restrike.Alaterreprintingofaprintmadeafterthemainproductionrun,often afteraconsiderablelengthoftimeoraftertheartistsdeath,andoftenan inferiorimpression. Scratchedletterproof.Impressionofaprintmadewithtitlelightlyscratchedor etchedintothematrixpriortoitsengravinginafinalform. s.l.SeeSineloco. s.n.SeeSinenomine.

GLOSSARY Secondarysupport.Thematerial(otherthannormalmuseumovermatting)to whichtheprimarysupportisattached;mounting. Series.Thetermserieshasdifferentconnotationsinlibraries(publishers series),museums(artistsseries),andarchives(seriesinarecordgroup).One cannotavoidusingtheterm,however,whentryingtoconveytherelatedness ofagroupofgraphicitems.Forthepurposeoftheserules,thetermgenerally connotesagroupofitemsrelatedtoeachotherbythefactthateach(ormost oftheitems)bears,inadditiontoitsowntitleproper,acollectivetitle(i.e., seriestitle)applyingtothegroupasawhole.Theindividualitemsmayor maynotbenumbered.Becauseofthecircumstancesunderwhicha repositoryacquiresoriginalandhistoricalgraphicmaterials,itisquite possiblethatitmightnothavealloftheitemscomprisingaparticularseries or,indeed,evenknowwhatwouldconstituteacompleteseries. Signature.Autographorcipherofanartistorphotographerindicatinghis creativeroleinorapprovalofafinishedwork. Sineloco(s.l.).Latinmeaningwithoutplace,i.e.,withoutaknownor conjecturedplaceofpublication. Sinenomine(s.n.).Latinmeaningwithoutname,i.e.,withoutaknownor conjecturednameofpublisher. Slug.Awordorcombinationofwordsandnumbersassignedtonewspaperor magazinecopytoindicatethestorycontentandtogrouprelatedmaterials together. Specificmaterialdesignation.Atermindicatingthespecialclassofmaterial (usuallytheclassofphysicalobject)towhichanitembelongs(e.g.,painting, photograph,etc.) State.1.Ingraphicsusage,animpressionorgroupofidenticalimpressions producedfromaplateorothermatrixatadistinct,visuallyidentifiablestage inthelifeofthatmatrix,oftenmarkingapointinitsartisticdevelopment suchasanetchedstateorastateafterletters,andduetointentional changeshavingbeenmadetothematrixorprintingsurface.Variationsdue toprintingtechniquesuchasretroussage,orfromaccidentaldamagetothe matrixsuchasacrackedblockorscratchedplatedonotconstituteanew state.

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GLOSSARY 2.Inthecontextofbooks,anycopyorgroupofcopiesofaprintedsheetora publisherscasingwhichdiffersfromothercopies(withinthesame impressionorissue)ofthatsheetorcasinginanyrespectwhichthepublisher doesnotwishtocalltotheattentionofthepublicasrepresentingadiscrete publishingeffort. Stillimage.Contentexpressedthroughline,shape,shading,etc.,intendedtobe perceivedvisuallyasastillimageorimagesintwodimensions.Includes drawings,paintings,diagrams,photographicimages(stills),etc. Subtitle.Othertitleinformationthatissubordinatetothetitleproperandthat completesandqualifiesit,ormakesitmoreexplicit. Tinted.Termusedtodescribeaprint(mostoftenalithograph)inwhichthe imageinblackinkappearsagainstaflatlightcoloredbackgroundwhichhas beenappliedwithasecondorthirdstone. Title.Aword,phrase,characterorgroupofcharacters,normallyappearingon orwiththematerial,namingtheitemorcollection.Titlesforgraphic materialswilloftennotlendthemselveseasilytoseparationintotitleproper andothertitleinformation,butifthedatacanbeclearlyseparated,the prescribedpunctuationshouldbeapplied. Titleproper.Thechieftitleofamanifestation,togetherwithanytitle informationprecedingthechieftitleandanyalternativetitle.Thisdefinition excludesparalleltitlesandanyothertitleinformationfollowingthechieftitle. SeealsoChieftitle. Trialproof.Impressionofaprintmadebytheartistduringhisworkonthe matrix.SeeProgressiveproof1. Unpublished.Notofferedforsaleorpublicdistributionbyacreatororissuing body. Variant.Termlooselyusedindescribingamanifestationofanedition.state, impression,etc.showingsomevisuallyorbibliographicallysignificant differencefromoneormoreothermanifestationsofthesameedition,state, impression,etc.

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