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Flaresim

Flare Radiation Analysis

Rev 2.2

FLARESIM

Slide 1

Flaresim Overview
Used in the Design of Flare Systems for
Offshore oil platforms Gas plants Refineries Chemical plants

Assist professional engineers to


Evaluate thermal radiation & noise from flares Evaluate temperatures of exposed surfaces Evaluate flare gas dispersion

Flaresim can analyse complex flare systems


Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 2

Flaresim Overview
A user friendly interface
Data entry in a mixture of units Program driven by menu & toolbar Context sensitive help

Flaresim output is highly customisable


Summary or detailed l output Graphical output where appropriate Standard format exports p for further use (html, xls, csv)

Licensing is either standalone or network


Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 3

Flaresim Features
Global calculation options Fluids, Environments, Stacks Flare Tips Receptor Points Receptor Grids Assist fluids
User creates as many instances of each as required i d Copy option for Fluids and other objects

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 4

Fluids
Defined from Properties - Composition Component library with most common components
User extendable

E i Environments t
Wind Atmosphere Background
Single direction or wind rose Radiation and Noise Attenuation Solar Radiation and Noise

Stacks
Orientation and dimensions
Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 5

Tips
Selection of types
Pipe Sonic - Liquid burner - Combined HP/LP

Seal Types
Fluidic - Molecular

Methods for F factor


User defined Natural Gas Kent Tan Cook High Efficiency Generic Pipe Modified Chamberlain

Combustion noise methods


Acoustic efficiency Low Noise reference Standard reference User reference

Location and dimension definition References a Stack and a Fluid


Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 6

Receptor Points
Location Properties
Emissivity - Absorbtivity Area Ratio Mass / Unit Area Mass Cp p In Initial t al Temperature emperature

Define constraints for sizing


Max M Radiation R d Max Noise MaxTemperature p
Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 7

Radiation Calculation
8 methods to calculate incident radiation
Strict API Flaresim API Integrated Point Source Integrated Diffuse Source Integrated Mixed Source Brzustowski Multipoint Brzustowski Chamberlain

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 8

Noise Calculation
Two basic sources
Combustion noise Jet noise

Each source has a frequency distribution Overall noise is the combination of the sources

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 9

Temperature Calculation
Exposed surface heat balance between
The thermal radiation incident at the specified point Heat losses by radiation and convection

T Temperature profile fil


Net heat received Heat capacity of the material at the specified point

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 10

Calculation modes
System Rating
Known stack length Calculated radiation, noise and temperature

Stack S Sizing z ng
Sizing to meet radiation, noise and temperature constraints Constraints defined at receptor points Minimum and maximum stack len length th user defined

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 11

Tip Results
Gas exit velocity and Heat release Stack and tip p pressure p drop p Purge gas requirements Combustion gas composition Table & graphs of
Noise spectrum 2D/3D flame shape
Tables & graphs (JPG, (JPG PNG, PNG WMF, WMF BMP or EMF) can be exported individually Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 12

Receptor Point Results


Thermal h l results l
Incident radiation Final temperature Temperature profile
table and graphic

Wind rose

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 13

Receptor Points Results


Noise results
Total and Average value Frequency distribution Spectrum
table and graphic

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 14

Receptor p Grids
Defines a rectangular area with multiple receptors Thermal results
Radiation Isopleths Temperature Isopleths

Noise results
Average A or A A-weighted i ht d value l Is Isopleths pl ths

A plot overlay can be defined


Multiple graphical formats (DXF, JPG, PNG, BMP, WMF)

A graphical report can be customised


Version 3 FLARESIM Slide 15

Receptor Grid Results

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 16

Receptor Grid Results

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 17

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 18

Shields
Reduce the radiation at the receptor points Types according to transmissivity:
Solid Water W t screen User defined

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 19

Shield Effects

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 20

Gas Dispersion Calculation


Jet Dispersion Model
Flame out conditions Prediction close to the flame Concentration C i of f flammable fl bl gas

Gaussian Gas Dispersion Model


Flared gas or combustion products Prediction at greater reater distance from flare Concentration of uncombusted gas or pollutants

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 21

Jet Dispersion Results

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 22

Gaussian G i Dispersion Results

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 23

References
Over 100 companies worldwide are using Fl Flaresim. These h are just a few f of f them... h
Engineering E i i Companies C i Aker Bechtel Brown & Root Chiyoda Foster Wheeler Fluor Daniel Kvaerner John Brown M.W. Kellogg Snamprogetti Technip Worley
Version 3

Oil and d G Gas Companies C i Abu Dhabi Gas Liquefaction BP Amoco British Gas QGPC Occidental Mobil Total

Fl Flare System S t Vendors V d Airoil Flaregas Argo Flare Services GBA Halliburton Hamworthy Mactronic National Airoil Optima Solutions Samia srl

FLARESIM

Slide 24

FLARESIM
The reference in flare radiation analysis

Version 3

FLARESIM

Slide 25