Anda di halaman 1dari 9

UK NEW NuCLEAR

Contents
04 About EDF Energy 05 EDF Group A World Leader 06 EDF Energy Nuclear in the UK 07 EDF Energys UK Power Generation 08 Meeting Our Energy Challenges 09 Nuclear Safety 10 Managing Waste 11 Skills and Education 12 New Nuclear at Hinkley Point and Sizewell 13 The Technology 14 Proposed Timeline

About EDF Energy

EDF Group A World Leader

EDF Energy is the UKs largest producer of electricity. With a current installed capacity of around 16.5GW, we produce almost one-quarter of the nations electricity from our nuclear, coal and gas power stations, as well as combined heat and power plants and wind farms.
We also provide power to a quarter of the UKs population via our electricity distribution networks in London, the South East and the East of England and supply gas and electricity to over 5.5 million business and residential customers. EDF Energy, having merged with British Energy, now employs nearly 20,000 people across the UK.

We believe that the challenges of climate change and security of supply must be met by greater energy efciency as well as a diverse mix of generating technologies.

Illustration of Flamanville EPR

EDF Group is the leader in nuclear energy and safely operates the largest eet of civil nuclear power plants in the world.
Over the last 30 years EDF Group has built up an unparalleled nuclear power generation capacity in France. EDF Groups 58 reactors in France have a total installed capacity of 63.1 GW making France the second largest generator of nuclear power in the world behind the United States.  EDF Energy operates a further 15 reactors in the UK.  EDF Group is building a third generation nuclear power station (EPR) at Flamanville in Normandy and has been given approval for a second EPR in France at Penly.

EDF Group is  building a third generation nuclear power station (EPR) at Flamanville in  Normandy.

We are one of the largest employers in the South West, with about 4,000 people working across the region. We own and operate the Hinkley Point B power station. In East Anglia we own and operate Sizewell B as well as the electricity distribution network for the region and employ hundreds of people in the area. Our parent company is EDF Group, an integrated energy operator present in all sectors of the electricity industry. We believe that the challenges of climate change and security of supply must be met by greater energy efciency as well as a diverse mix of generating technologies including low carbon nuclear power, renewables, gas and clean coal. As part of this, we plan to build four new nuclear plants in the UK, with the rst operational by the end of 2017.

The European Pressurised Water Reactor (EPR) incorporates the latest advances in nuclear safety, environmental protection, and technical and economic performance. Its design is based on experience acquired over more than 20 years of French and German nuclear power plant operation and on research innovations. This design is the template for what we would like to build in the UK.

04

05

EDF Energy Nuclear in the UK


UK nuclear power station sites

EDF Energys UK Power Generation

EDF Energy/BE nuclear power stations

Torness Hunterston Chapelcross Hartlepool Sellafield (Calder Hall) Heysham Wylfa

Operational Magnox power station (NDA) Decommissioning Magnox power station (NDA)

Existing Nuclear
EDF Energy currently operates 15 reactors at eight nuclear power plants across the UK following its acquisition of British Energy. Nuclear power currently provides over one sixth of the UKs electricity and has been making a signicant low-carbon contribution to the countrys energy needs for more than half a century however these nuclear power stations are coming to the end of their lives. EDF Energy is committed to promoting a low carbon future through a diverse and sustainable energy mix, including renewables, clean coal, gas and nuclear as well as greater energy efciency.

Trawsfynydd Sizewell Oldbury Hinkley Point Berkeley Bradwell Dungeness

We believe nuclear energy is a vital element in a diverse generation mix. Our generation capacity in the UK reects our commitment to a diverse, low carbon future.
 EDF Energy, which now incorporates British Energy, operates eight nuclear power plants, which together have a capacity of almost 9000MW, around Britain.  EDF Energys joint venture company, EDF Energy Renewables, operates onshore windfarms around the country. It has a portfolio of around 150MW of projects already in service and around a further 200MW of consented projects including a circa 90MW offshore wind farm project at Redcar in Teesside.

EDF Energy,  which now incorporates British  Energy, operates eight nuclear power plants around   Britain.

New Nuclear
We have unique experience and understanding of the management, operation and nancing of new nuclear and we are condent that new plants can be run safely and economically without subsidy. That includes all the costs associated with construction, operation, future decommissioning and waste disposal. EDF Energy plans to build four plants in the UK using EPR technology, with the rst unit operational by the end of 2017 subject to receiving the necessary consents and the right investment framework being in place.

 Construction is underway of a 1300MW gas-red power station at our site at West Burton in Nottinghamshire. This is part of EDF Energys contribution to meet, in the short term, the projected energy gap. We already own a 800MW gas plant at Sutton Bridge, Lincolnshire.  We operate three coal-red power stations Cottam, West Burton and Eggborough. We are completing a ve year, 30 million programme which will improve Cottam and West Burton. This is in addition to the installation of Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FGD) equipment across our coal eet. This reduces sulphur dioxide emissions by up to 94%.  We manage several smaller capacity Combined Heat and Power plants, in and around London.

06

07

Meeting Our Energy Challenges

Nuclear Safety
The EDF Group is one of the worlds most experienced nuclear power generators, safely operating 73 reactors. It has a world-class record in the safe operation of nuclear power stations. Safety is at the heart of the design and operation of all EDF nuclear plants.
1% 14%
Medical Other (including nuclear and coal power stations and home and office appliances)

50%

10% 12% 13%

Food and drink

Atmospheric radon Cosmic radiation from outer space

As a nation we are used to having energy instantly available at the touch of a button, to boil the kettle, power our computers, wash our clothes or heat our homes. We also understand the need to reduce our carbon footprint and reduce the amount of energy we use, for example by switching off lights and better insulating homes. Therefore, EDF Energy has a commitment to reduce our customers energy consumption by 15%.

The UK is facing a shortage in capacity to generate the expected electricity demand over the coming decades. 

The EPR is a third-generation nuclear power plant, which has been designed for improved safety, security and environmental performance compared with plants that are currently operating. Safety is a fundamental element of the EPR and is the driving principle in how the plant is designed, built and run:

Rocks, soils and building materials

Radiation sources

 Constant surveillance mechanisms immediately recognise any abnormal circumstances that may occur due to human error or the failure of a particular component. In these circumstances, automatic safety mechanisms bring the plant to an immediate and safe shutdown.  Safety measures include: protection systems with multiple back-ups and a double concrete shell that protects the reactor and main control room. The EPR is designed to remain safe even in extreme circumstance such as an earthquake or the impact of a large aircraft.
Radiation occurs naturally and we are all exposed to it every day. About 85% of radiation comes from natural sources such as atmospheric radon and rocks. Only about 15% of radiation comes from articial sources with only 1% from other sources including nuclear power stations. Nuclear power contributes a very small part of the overall background radiation and it is only in large doses that ionising radiation is dangerous. The average background dose in the UK is about 2.6 millisieverts (mSv) per year. A fatal dose would be over 4,000mSv. The maximum effect of living at the edge of an EPR nuclear power station site would be an additional dose of 0.05mSv per year about 2% of the naturally occurring dose and about 0.001% of a fatal dose.

Even so, the UK is facing a shortage in capacity to generate the expected electricity demand over the coming decades. This is largely due to coal and oil-red  power stations closing and gas cooled nuclear power stations (such as those currently at Hinkley Point) reaching the end of their useful lives. Security of electricity supply is more important than ever as the UK adjusts to the need to import more energy whilst trying to reduce carbon emissions. In addition, nuclear plays an important role in providing affordable energy that is not directly linked to volatile oil and gas prices. All low carbon sources of electricity like renewables and nuclear have a role to play. All will need to be pursued if we are to balance generating electricity with meeting our carbon dioxide emission reduction targets.
The UK faces an electricity generation gap of up to 32GW in 2016, rising to up to 52GW by 2025: Between now and 2016, coal and oil plants currently generating 13GW will close. By 2015, over 4GW of nuclear capacity may have closed. EDF Energy is committed to helping ll this gap through a variety of solutions including renewables, gas and nuclear as well as by helping customers use energy more efciently.  EDF Energys plans for Hinkley Point and Sizewell are an important part of this commitment.

08

09

Managing Waste
Waste storage

Skills and Education

On site spent fuel storage

Like many industrial processes, nuclear energy creates waste. This is categorised as low-level waste, intermediate-level waste and spent fuel.   Of existing nuclear waste, about 94% by volume is low-level waste, about 6% is intermediate-level waste and only about 0.3% by volume is spent fuel. 
Low-level waste includes: Protective clothing Cleaning materials Air lters  Other items that may have become contaminated Intermediate-level waste includes: Fuel cladding Reactor components

New technologies mean that new   nuclear power stations generate considerably less waste now than  ever before. 

The renaissance in nuclear power will create signicant opportunities in the UK, providing large numbers of jobs in Britain.
Across the country companies, universities and public bodies are gearing up for new build, recruiting staff and establishing training programmes and apprenticeships ready to be at the forefront of new build. Leading trade unions including Unite and Prospect have pledged their support for new nuclear and are involved in various training and reskilling programmes.

A fully trained  workforce is critical  for EDF Energy to deliver plans for   new build.

EDF Energys plans for new nuclear build will be for a project with many UK jobs and UK companies working alongside our own expertise as the worlds largest nuclear power generator. We are already working with a range of British companies on our plans and those relationships will grow as our project develops. We expect the involvement of UK companies in all new build activities to be considerable both during construction and operation.

Low-level waste would be transferred to the low level waste repository for safe disposal; while intermediate level waste and spent fuel would be temporarily stored on site under regulated conditions. In terms of the permanent management of spent fuel, it is now widely recognised that deep underground repositories are the most practical and economic solution and these are being developed in several countries around the world. The Government has published a White Paper, Managing Radioactive Waste Safely that sets out the steps to establish a repository in the UK. New technologies mean that new nuclear power stations generate considerably less waste now than ever before. The EPR is designed to use about 17% less uranium per unit of electricity produced than existing plants and reduces the amount of spent fuel generated by the same amount. EDF Energy would be responsible for the full costs of waste relating to any new plants it builds and for decommissioning at the end of their lifetime.

Hinkley Point and Sizewell


A fully trained workforce is critical for EDF Energy to deliver plans for new build in the UK. Particular skills needed in the construction process will include welding, piping, and mechanical and electrical disciplines. In the longer term EDF Energy foresees that new nuclear will act as a catalyst for creating nuclear service support businesses in the UK.

10

11

New Nuclear at Hinkley Point and Sizewell


ROCKY OUTCROP HINKLEY POINT A STATION HINKLEY POINT B STATION

The Technology
Double skinned containment shell with ventilation and filtration Spreading area in the event of core fuel melt

NOMINATED SITE AREA

Hinkley Point, Somerset

Sizewell, Suffolk

Only part of the land on both sites will be required for the new power stations the remainder may be used during the construction process.

Cross section of an EPR

Construction at Flamanville

Heat removal system

Inner refueling water storage tank

Four independent safety systems

In January 2009 EDF Energy acquired British Energy Group plc. The result of this is that EDF Energy now owns the operating stations at Hinkley Point and Sizewell as well as the land on which British Energy has been planning to build new nuclear power stations.
This land, on both sites, now forms part of the overall sites that EDF Energy has nominated as potential development sites into the Governments Strategic Siting Assessment process. Only part of the land on both sites will be required for the new reactors the remainder may be used during the construction process. Much of the area used during construction will be reinstated afterwards. EDF Energy is currently undertaking detailed feasibility and design work to determine how the land could be developed. EDF Energy is currently planning to build four third generation nuclear reactors on its sites, which will each generate around 1,600 megawatts of electricity. Combined, this is enough for about 8 million homes in the UK. The plans will create around 1400 directly employed permanent jobs, for more than 60 years, and thousands of direct and indirect jobs for over a decade of construction. Detailed planning and construction of a new power station at both sites will take a number of years. However, we are planning for the rst power station to be operational by the end of 2017.

EDF Energy is proposing to build four European Pressurised Water Reactors (EPR); two at Hinkley Point and two at Sizewell, and has submitted a joint application with AREVA for a Generic Design Assessment (GDA) of the UK EPR. The application brings together the combined strengths of AREVA, a global nuclear power company, and EDF, the leading nuclear energy utility in Europe.
The UK EPR nuclear power reactors are based on a power station being built by EDF in Normandy, France.

The UK EPR  nuclear power reactor is based  on a power station being built by EDF  in Normandy,  France.

The GDA is the process set up by the UK Nuclear Regulators (the Health and Safety Executive, and the Environment Agency) to carry out a rigorous assessment of the safety, security and environmental performance of candidate power station design for the UK. The UK regulators are currently assessing the EPR within the GDA.

12

13

Proposed Timeline

The process of planning and constructing a new nuclear power station is lengthy and complex. It is too early to be absolutely certain of key dates but the table gives an indication of a possible timescale for Hinkley Point and Sizewell:
2009  EDF Energy nominated sites in the UK under the Strategic Siting Assessment process. Consultation by the Government on a draft National Policy Statement (NPS) on nuclear power, which will eventually conrm which sites are suitable, in principle, for new nuclear power stations. EDF Energy will undertake public consultation on the proposed developments and provided 2009-2011  the Hinkley Point and Sizewell sites are identied in the NPS, we will then prepare and submit planning applications. Preparatory work underway at Hinkley Point and Sizewell sites. Decision on planning 2011-2014  applications. 2013-2020 Main construction of the new nuclear power stations.

2017  Electricity generated from rst nuclear power plant. Our options on which site is developed rst remain open. Our current plans show Hinkley Point C being deployed rst. However, following site studies or other developments, then we are prepared to develop an alternative site (ie Sizewell) rst if necessary.

14

About this Document


UK New Nuclear: Hinkley Point ans Sizewell has been printed by Park Communications on FSC certied paper. Park is a CarbonNeutral company and its Environmental Management System is certied to ISO14001:2004. 100% of the electricity used is generated from renewable sources, 95% of press chemicals are recycled for further use and on average 98% of any waste associated with this production will be recycled.

About the paper


This document is printed on Revive 75, a paper containing 50% de-inked post consumer waste, 25% pre-consumer waste and 25% virgin bre. The pulp used in this product is bleached using both the Elemental Chlorine Free (ECF) and Totally Chlorine Free (TCF) processes and contains bre from well managed FSC certied forests.

50%

EDF Energy is a trading name used by EDF Energy Customers plc, Reg. No. 02228297 whose Registered Ofce is at 40 Grosvenor Place, London SW1X 7EN incorporated in England and Wales. EDF Energy Customers plc is a wholly owned subsidiary of EDF Energy plc. The responsibility for performance of the supply obligations for all EDF Energy supply contracts rests with EDF Energy Customers plc. The ofcial Emblems of the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Ltd are 2007 LOCOG. All rights reserved. June 2009 | issue 1

Designed and produced by Design Motive Ltd