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Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.

org/)

Solutions to Miscellaneous Exercise 3


(Ho Soo Thong & Khor Nyak Hiongs Panpac Additional Mathematics)

Solved by: Dr Lee Chu Keong


(ascklee@gmail.com)

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

Miscellaneous Exercise 3
Question 1 Sum of roots:

Product of roots:

Question 1(a)

( ( )

) ( )

Question 1(b)

( ( )

) ( )

Question 1(c)

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) Note: because

Question 1(Hence, ) ( ( ( ) ( ) ) )

The deduced equation: Question 2(a) ( Real roots: ( ) ( )( ) )

Question 2(b) ( Distinct real roots: )

( )

)(

( ( )(

) )

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) Question 3(a)

)(

Question 3(b)

)(

Question 4(a)

)(

Question 4(b) ( Therefore, the equation has no roots: ( ) ( )( ) )

Question 5 ( Question 5(a) Coincident roots: ( )( ) )

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

( Question 5(b) Distinct real roots:

)(

( )(

)(

Question 5(c) One positive root and one negative root, which means that the product of the roots must be negative!

Question 6(a) ( ( ( Tangent to the curve two equal real roots: ( ) ( )( ) ) ) )

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

Question 6(b) Real roots: ( ) ( )( )

)(

Largest negative integer is Question 7(a) ( Equal roots: ( ) ) (

( )(

( Question 7(b)

)(

Multiply throughout by :

Two distinct real roots: ( ) ( )( )

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

)(

Question 8(a)

Question 9(a) One root is twice the other: Sum of roots: ( ) and

( ) Product of roots: ( ) Substitute ( ) into ( ): ( ( Multiply both sides by 9: ( ) ( ) ) )

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) ( )( )

is discarded as it will result in roots that are zero. Question 9(b) ( )( )

y
4

x
3 2 1 1 1

Question 10(a) ( Multiply by 2: Comparing coefficients, we get: )( )

Question 10(b) The roots are: Sum of roots: and ( )

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) ( )

( ) Product of roots: ( ( ) ) ( Equating ( ) and ( ): ( ( ) ) ) ( )

Multiply throughout by 3: ( )( )

( )

Question 11(a)

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

Question 11(a)(i) Two equal roots: ( Divide throughout by 4: ) ( )

( Question 11(a)(ii) Two real roots, one being trice the other: Sum of roots: and

( ) Product of roots:

( ) Substitute ( ) into ( ):

Substitute

into equation ( ):

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

( )

Question 11(b) Sum of roots: ( ) Product of roots: ( ) ( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) )

From ( ): ( ) Substitute ( ) into ( ):

( ) Squaring both sides of equation ( ): ( Substitute ( ) into ( ): ( ) ) ( )

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Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) Question 12(a) ( ) ( ) ( ) From (2) and (4): ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

) ( )

( )

Question 12(b) ( )

( )

11

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) Substituting into ( ):

Question 13(a)

)(

Blue curve: Red line:


y
6

x
1.5 1.0 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0

Question 13(b) ( ) ( ( ) ( ) )

12

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) Question 14(a) ( ) ( )( )

( Question 14(b)

)(

) ( )

)(

( ) Substitute ( ) into ( ): ( Divide throughout by : ( Question 15(a) ( [ ( [ )] ] ( ) )( ) ) )

Divide throughout by 4: ( )( )

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Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

Question 15(b) Blue curve: Red line:


y
2

)(

x
1 1 1 2 3

Question 16(a) ( ( ) ) ( ) ( )( )

( Question 16(b) (

( Multiply throughout by ( ):

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Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/) ( ( ) ) ( ( ( ) ) ) ( )( )

( Question 18

)(

( No roots: ( )

Divide throughout by 4: ( Question 19 ( )( ) )( )

No roots, therefore Question 19(a)

is always positive! ( )( )

( Since Question 19(b) is always positive,

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Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

)(

) ( )

is always positive, and so:

This can be seen from the graph of


y

below:

x
1.0 0.5 1 0.5

Question 20(a)

( )( )

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Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)


y

10

x
0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0

Question 20(a) ( )

Multiply throughout by 5 ( )( )

h
80

60

40

20

t
0 5 10 15 20 25 30

17

Dr Lee Chu Keong (http://ascklee.org/)

h
80 79 78 77 76 75 74

t
16 18 20 22 24 26

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