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Cloze Passage

(4.1)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Mammals In The Sea


Most _______________ of mammals live on land. But mammal ____________ like whales, dolphins, seals and sea-lions live in the sea. ____________ they can stay in water for long _____________ of time. Like all other mammals, they breathe air and need to surface surface from time to time to breathe. People often ____________ whales for fish because they look so much like fish. Being mammals, whales have hair, they are warmblooded and their __________ drink milk from their mothers' bodies. If a whale stays __________ too long, it will drown. Although whales are big, most of them do not eat big things ______________ whales' throats are very narrow. Dolphins are small whales. They are playful and often _______ out of the water. Seals and sea lions are slightly ___________ from whales. They are ____________ to come to land and ___________ about on their fin-feet.

Cloze Passage

(4.2)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Watches From Switzerland


The Swiss are ________________ for making watches. They _________ about half of the watches in the world. The _________ where watches are manufactured are brightly lit and clean. The _____________ in the factory wear white coats and work on long tables. Each worker does a little bit of work on each watch. This is called an ____________ line. Carefully, ____________ by piece, they put them __________ to make a watch. Some workers use ____________ glasses to help them see small objects. Switzerland does not have iron, coal or oil that are needed for heavy _______________. But the country does have lots of highly ______________ workers. The Swiss produce valuable items that _______________ little raw materials but lots of skills. This makes Switzerland a ____________ country.

Cloze Passage

(4.3)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Cried "Wolf !"


There was once a ____________ boy who tendered his sheep everyday. As the sheep grazed the ______________, he sat idly by staring into the sky most of the time. But he ___________ for some excitment and one day an idea came into his ____________. "Wolf! Wolf!" he shouted as loud as he ____________. On hearing the shepherd boy's cry for ________, the villagers rushed into the field to save him. But when they __________, they saw no wolf but the boy roaring with ____________. The villagers did not think it was funny and all left feeling very upset. The next week, the shepherd boy __________ the same trick on the villagers again. This time, the villagers again rushed to help him only to find they were fooled once more and the boy laughing louder than ____________. The next day, a wolf really came to _________ the shepherd boy's sheep. "Wolf! Wolf!" the boy yelled and yelled and yelled. When the villagers heard the boy yelling, they ___________ him. They thought he must be playing his trick again.

Cloze Passage

(4.4)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word. The Internet

The Internet is a network which links computers _____________ all over the world. It ______________ one computer in one country to communicate with another computer, possibly in another country. There are over sixty million Internet _____________ in the world today. People communicate with one ____________ using electronic mail or email for short. This _____________ of communication is fast, efficient and cheap. Many companies and individuals __________ information on the Internet for everybody to access. The Internet has thus ___________ a valuable source of information where practically anything ________ the sun can be found. Many people __________ or "surf" the Internet regularly for information. One good example is that you ___________ obtained this worksheet from the Internet. You can also ____________ the latest news or sports results on the Internet without __________ to wait for the next day's newspaper reports. Many companies also use the Internet to ______________ their customers about themselves and their __________. Very often, they also provide information on job _________ in their organization. The Internet is also the best place for anyone to express their creativity.

Cloze Passage

(4.5)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Animals Survival
Animals communicate _________ their own species for survival. Most animals use _____________ to communicate. Birds have songorgans called syrinxes which can _____________ a range of sounds. Human beings converse by _______________ to one another using words. When a good source of nectar is ____________, the honeybee will fly back to its ____________ and perform a waggling dance that only bees can ____________. The location, distance and quality of the ____________ is communicated through the waggling dance. Animals also protect __________ from predators. Some insects rely on camouflage to ___________ attacks. A spiny stick insect will stay very ___________ among foliage to resemble a cluster of dead leaves. Different animals adopt different methods to ____________ their survival.

Cloze Passage

(4.6)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

EXTRA SENSES
Apart ______________ their usual sense organs, animals often develop special sense organs. These ___________ give them extra sensitivity and information about the ___________ around them and are often needed for survival. Dogs have the most amazing sense of ____________. Inside a dog's muzzle, there is a large space that _____________ scents and passes the sensory information to the ___________. Moisture inside the nose ______ to dissolve scent particles, this enhances detection of the smell. Interpreting scents takes up a large ____________ of a dog's brain activities. Snakes have an organ at the roof of their mouths ___________ the Jacobson's organ. A snake collects chemical particles ________ its tongue and transfers them to sensory _________________ in the Jacobson's organ for the chemicals to be detected. Human beings do not develop extra sense organs. Often when one of the senses is _____________, the other senses can become more sensitive to overcome deficiencies.

Cloze Passage

(4.7)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

A Boiler Explosion
Two technicians and a factory supervisor were __________ in hospital with severe burns after a ___________ boiler exploded in a chemical plant early yesterday morning. The plant is not _________ yet and the three workers were ____________ trial runs. A flash fire followed by an explosion _____________ inside the furnace of the boiler. This ___________ in the collapse of the boiler structure and high-pressure steam was ________________ into the atmosphere. The fire brigade arrived ______________ minutes and brought the fire under control within ___________ hour. The injured workers are reported to be in critical but stable ___________. Meanwhile the company is conducting investigations into the _____________ of the explosion and promised to fully _____________ the injured workers and their families.

Cloze Passage

(4.8)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Guarding Christmas Trees


Thieves have ____________ a major British supermarket chain store to call in a squad of army veterans. These ____________, clad in camouflage outfits and equipped with night ___________ goggles, are being employed to _________ a plot of woodland with thousands of Christmas trees. As the festive season ___________ near, the conifer trees have become more valuable. A truckload of these trees can ____________ tens of thousands of dollars. ________ by theives are well organised and stolen trees are extremely easy to _________ as there are many buyers. In previous years, truckloads of trees have ______________ stolen overnight. The soldiers have already put their army ____________ to good use by building hideouts of foliage _________ which they can survey the estate. However, the guards are ___________ strict orders not to shoot or injured the thieves. This is best left to the police.

Cloze Passage

(4.9)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Primates
Monkeys, apes and humans are mammals which fall ________ the primate category. Primates are ________ most intelligent group of animals. To _______ their environment, they have characteristics like forward ___________ eyes for judging distances and opposing thumbs for ____________ things. Gorillas live in ____________ lowland rainforests or high up in the mountains. Gorillas are heavy in __________. They spend most of their time on the __________ walking on their feet and fore limbs knuckles. Although gorillas look big and fearsome, they _________ are vegetarians. Orang utans, like gorillas and gibbons, are __________. They are shy solitary primates. They are _______________ mainly in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra in Asia. They ____________ all their lives living on trees.

Cloze Passage

(4.10)

Read the passage carefully and fill in the blanks with the most suitable word.

Birds
Birds are the largest animals that are ___________ to fly. They have streamlined __________ and flat feathers to reduce resistance during flight. Their hollow bones ____________ body weight. All birds lay eggs. Their eggs are ___________ in a hard shell. Some birds like the ostriches have wings but __________ fly. They have other abilities like strong and powerful legs for ____________ away from predators. Every bird has ___________ own distinctive egg. But all eggs are pointed at one end and round at the _____________. This is to _______________ the eggs from rolling in any direction and hence, rolling off the nest. The hard, pointed mouth of a bird is known as the _________ or beak. The shape and size of the beak __________ on its eating ____________. The eagle with its hooked beak is ideal for tearing flesh.

Ex 4.1

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2. species 7. underwater 12. waddle/move 3. However 8. because 4. period 9. leap 5. mistook 10. different

1. types/kinds 6. young 11. able/likely

Ex 4.2

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2. produce/manufacture 6. piece 10. skilled 3. factories 7. together 11. require 4. workers 8. magnifying 12. prosperous/rich

1. famous 5. assembly 9. industries

Ex 4.3

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2. field 7. arrived 12. ignored 3. longed 8. laughter 4. mind 9. played 5. could 10. before

1. playful 6. help 11. attack

Ex 4.4

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2. enables 7. become 12. having 3. users 8. under 13. inform 4. another 9. use 14. services 5. form 10. have 15. vacanies

1. from 6. provide 11. get

Ex 4.5
1. with 6. hive 11. still

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2. sounds 7. understand 12. ensure 3. produce 8. nectar 4. talking 9. themselves 5. found 10. escape

Ex 4.6
1. from 6. brain 11. cells

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2. organs 3. environment 7. helps 8. part 12. impaired/damaged 4. smell 9. called 5. traps 10. using/with

Ex 4.7

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2. steam 3. operational 7. released 8. within 12. compensate 4. conducting 9. an/one 5. occurred 10. condition

1. warded 6. resulted 11. cause

Ex 4.8
1. forced 6. fetch 11. from

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2. soldiers 7. Raids 12. unders 3. vision 8. sell 4. guard 9. been 5. draws 10. training

Ex 4.9

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2. the 7. weight 12. spend 3. suit 8. ground 4. facing 9. actually 5. grasping/holding 10. apes

1. under/into 6. either 11. found

Ex 4.10
1. able 6. running 11. depends

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2. bodies 7. its 12. habits 3. reduce 8. other 4. covered 9. prevent 5. cannot 10. bill