Anda di halaman 1dari 16

Reading Booklet

Pimsleur Swedish

The Swedish Language
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken by aproximately ten million people, primarily in Sweden and parts of Finland. Until World War , it was also spoken in parts of !at"ia and #stonia. While there are many regional dialects in Sweden, there is a uniform and standard Swedish, called Rikssvenska $as tought in this course%, which e"ol"ed from the central Swedish dialect spoken around Stockholm. Swedish is similar to &anish and Norwegian. 'hese languages are mutually intelligible to certain extent, more so in written than in spoken form. Swedish is a decendant of (ld Norse, the language spoken in Scandina"ia during the )iking #ra. New "ocabulary was introduced during different eras as a conse*uence of religious and commercial interaction with other cultures. +(ld Swedish+ is the term used for mede"al Swedish starting around ,-./. 'he main influence at this time came from the 0oman 1atholic 1hurch. 2any of the Greek and !atin loan words stem from this period. &uring the 2iddle 3ges, a large number of German and &utch immigrants added new "ocabulary to the Swedish language. 'hese new terms were mostly associated with areas such as trade, administration, and warfare. 'he printing press and the #uropean 0eformation mark the beginning of 2odern Swedish $the ,4th through the ,5th centuries%. 'he Gusta" )asa 6ible $,.7,%, a full translation of the 6ible into Swedish, began a mo"ement towards a more consistent Swedish. 8ing Gusta" )asa printed -/// copies of the 6ible and distributed them to the churches throughout Sweden. For the first time, church ser"ices were conducted in Swedish rather than in !atin. n the middle of the ,5 th century, public school was introduced and all students were then educated in standard Swedish. 1ontemporary Swedish, as it is spoken today, dates from the early -/th century. 'he last ma9or spelling reform occured in ,5/4. n late ,54/s, a significant linguistic reform took place which is reffered to as the +du $you%:reform.+ ;istorically, Sweden had different ways to adress people, depending on their social status. With the liberali<ation of Swedish society in the ,5./s and ,54/s, class distinctions became less important and + du+ became the standard way to adress someone, e"en in formal context. 'he Swedish alphabet is a !atin:based alphabet consisting of twenty:nine letters= the same twenty:six as in #nglish plus three additional "owels $>, ?, @%. Aronounciation, howe"er, is *uite different from #nglish. Swedish has certain features that are important for proper pronounciation. 'hese include=

Reading Booklet

the destinction between long and short "owels. 'he general rule is that a "owel is +short+ if it is followed by two consonants, and +long+ if followed by one consonant. Aitch accent $tones% that gi"e Swedish its typical +singsong+ rhythm. 'here are two pitch accents= acute $falling% and gra"e $rising%. 'he acute accent is usually on one syllable words, while the gra"e accent is on words of more than one syllable. 'his pitch accent is not marked in written Swedish and can be learned only by listening to the spoken language. t "ery rarely affects the meaning of a word.

n addition to pitch accent, Swedish polysyllabic words include a stress, usually on the first syllable. 'here are exceptions to this stress ruleB for example, in loan words and words with certain endings, the stress may be on the last syllable. 'he Swedish language has some sounds and sound combinations which do not exist in #nglish and some peculiarities of spelling. ;ere are some basic guidelines. n Swedish the so:called +soft+ and +hard+ "owels affect pronounciation of three letters. 3 table of these letters and changes follows=

c g k

Hard Vowels a, o, u,
c as in cat g as in go k as in kangaroo

Soft Vowels e, i, y, ,
c as in city y as in yes sh as in shoe

(ther different spellings and pronounciations include= dj, gj hj and lj sound like y in yes, tj and kj sound like the sh in shoe, rs sounds like the sh in shoe, ch, sch, sh, sj, sk, skj, and stj make a breathy sound like the beginning of the name Hugh. n some parts of Sweden these letter combinations can also sound like the sh in shoe.

n addition, the sounds of "owels and change slightly when followed by an r. 3lso, the consonants s, n, d, t and l, when preceded by and r, form a new, duller, merged sound. When learning Swedish, pay close attention to the difference between the written and spoken forms. n spoken language, many letters will be skipped or reduced. For example, in speech the word och $+and+% will sound like o $the +ch+ is silent%. 'he letters g, d, and t at the end of a word are also usually silent or are reduced in pronounciation.

Reading Booklet

3 characteristic of Swedish grammar is that nouns ha"e two genders, called +common+ and +neuter.+ 'hey are either en words $common gender% or ett $neuter%= for example, en bok $a book% and ett barn $a child%. 'o say +the,+ the articles are placed after the noun as in the word boken $the book% or barnet $the child%.

Reading Lessons
3fter an initial introduction to the spoken language, reading is intergated into the program starting with Unit #le"en. n these 0eading !essons you will learn to sound out the Swedish alphabet, beginning with short words or combinations of letters, then progressing to words, word combinations, and short phrases, increasingly building in lenght untill you will be reading complete sentences in context. 'he Swedish alphabet is systematically introduced, and you will learn to associate each letter with the sound od the Swedish language. Cou will not, at first, be reading for meaning, but rather for soundDsymbol correlation. #"entually, when the sound system is mastered, you will be able to look at known "ocabulary and +read for meaning.+ 6y the end of the 1omprehensi"e !e"el course, you will be reading at the same le"el as you ar speaking. 'he reading items in the lessons ha"e been selected especially to gi"e you practice in the Swedish sounds and sound combinations. Cour "ocabulary ac*uisition will begin after youE"e learned the new, different sound system. Cou should read aloud, as directed. 'he process of saying the words out loud will reinforce and enhance your Swedish language ac*uisition and will help lodge the sound of the Swedish language in your memory. n these 0eading !essons, you will learn to look at the Swedish alphabet with Swedish eyes. 'here are twenty 0eading !essons at the end of the units, starting with Unit #le"en. 'hese lessons are also combined and pro"ided at the end of the course. Cou may choose to do the 0eadings along with the units, or you may wait until you ha"e completed the course and do them al together. 0epeat the 0eading !essons as often as you wish. nstructions on how to proceed with 0eadings are contained in the audio.

Unit Eleven
,. ta -. mat F. tak 7. tack .. hatt 4. ha G. bar

Reading Booklet H. far 5. bra ,/. "ar ,,. t?t ,-. "?g ,F. ?r ,7. "?gg ,.. "?g D "?gg ,4. ?ta ,G. "ad ,H. h?r ,5. tr?ffa -/. 6ara bra, tack.

Unit Twelve
,. b?nk -. badda F. b?ck 7. att ?ta .. se 4. "et G. debatt H. ett 5. eller ,/. el"a ,,. ensam ,-. kaffe ,F. kaffe eller te ,7. ut ,.. bula ,4. &u talar bra. ,G. bulle ,H. utter ,5. Uppsala

Reading Booklet -/. 2ed "emI

Unit Thirteen
,. )ed duI -. )ar ?r gatanI F. "atten 7. 6ara ett glas "atten. .. @l 4. f@l G. b@n H. d@ma 5. f@rr ,/. l@nsam ,,. 9a ,-. 9?tte ,F. d9ur ,7. g9uta ,.. h9?lpa ,4. l9us ,G. 9ag ,H. d?rf@r ,5. beh@"er -/. Jag heter Jan.

Unit Fourteen
,. l9ud -. 9ams F. 9?gare 7. h9?lp .. gula 4. dagar G. g@r H. ger 5. g?st

Reading Booklet ,/. >r ,,. spr>k ,-. fr>n ,F. >tta ,7. >lder ,.. >t D >tta ,4. t>rta ,G. d@rr ,H. n>gra ,5. sm@rg>s -/. l?ngre fram

Unit Fifteen
,. b>t -. he9 d> F. stol 7. bok .. kopp 4. stopp G. god H. gul 5. g>r ,/. fyr ,,. fyra ,-. tyst ,F. mynta ,7. g?rna ,.. g@r ,4. gympa ,G. kreditkort ,H. n>gra ,5. kronor -/. Jag har kronor.

Reading Booklet

Unit Sixteen
,. g@ra -. kom F. kul 7. k?ra .. k@pa 4. kypare G. kan H. min 5. kemi ,/. kind ,,. k>l ,-. k9ol ,F. t9ugo ,7. t9ock ,.. camping ,4. curry ,G. centrum ,H. cigarett ,5. cykla -/. Jag kan k@pa en k9ol.

Unit Seventeen
,. skola -. t9usig F. )i ses ik"?ll. 7. 8@r duI .. )ad kostar k9olenI 4. chock G. chans H. chiffer 5. s9u ,/. s9utton ,,. sherry

Reading Booklet ,-. schampo ,F. skena ,7. skinn ,.. skynda ,4. sk@n ,G. sk9orta ,H. st9?na ,5. Jag ska ?ta K -/. klockan s9u idag.

Unit Eighteen
,. skicka -. s9al F. God morgon. 7. mycket .. det 4. &et ?r h?r. G. ;a det bra. H. tr@9a 5. mineral"atten ,/. Jag kan det. ,,. l9usna ,-. h9?rta ,F. pengar ,7. inga ,.. m>nga ,4. regn ,G. tidning ,H. )ar ligger bankenI ,5. ;ur ?r det med digI -/. Jag har inga pengar.

Unit Nineteen
,. bod

Reading Booklet -. bord F. 9?tte 7. 're"ligt att tr?ffa dig. .. m>nar 4. morgnar G. dyr H. dyrt 5. fyrtio ,/. med mig ,,. )ill du ?ta middag med migI ,-. Ja, g?rna ,F. kurs ,7. urs?kta ,.. f@rst>s ,4. f@r sent ,G. Urs?kta, men du kommer f@r sent. ,H. 8ursen "ar l>ng. ,5. &et kostar fyrtio kronor. -/. &et "ar dyrt.

Unit Twenty
,. m>ndag -. tisdag F. onsdag 7. torsdag .. fredag 4. l@rdag G. s@ndag H. ad9@ 5. hotell ,/. telefon ,,. barn ,-. fort ,F. p?rla

Reading Booklet ,7. )ar s> god. ,.. fru ,4. dyrare ,G. 2en "i ?r dyrare. ,H. k@ra ,5. Jag ska inte k@ra. -/. )i ses senare.

Unit Twenty !ne

,. 1elsius -. &et ?r f9orton K F. grader 1elsius. 7. )i bor i Washington. .. )i tar en taxi. 4. <oologi G. *uiltning H. &u kan inte K 5. dricka "in nu. ,/. utomhus ,,. sextio kronor ,-. 8om in. ,F. Lr hon d?r bortaI ,7. !yssna p> samtalet. ,.. 2ycket senare. ,4. 8yrkan ligger i byn. ,G. &et samma. ,H. )em ?r detI ,5. !yssna och upprepa. -/. 2in hyra ?r dyr.

Unit Twenty Two

,. nte s> mycket. -. i morgon k"?ll F. en bil

Reading Booklet 7. &u har en liten bil. .. )ill du k@pa en kopp kaffeI 4. fika G. )i ska fika. H. aff?rerna 5. Jag m>r inte bra. ,/. Silen skiner. ,,. Skynda digM ,-. sk?ra ,F. Sk?r mig en t>rtbit. ,7. 3ff?ren ?r st?ngd. ,.. &u beh@"er medicin. ,4. k?nna ,G. Jag k?nner honom. ,H. Jag k?nner mig s9uk. ,5. ;ar ni barnI -/. )i har en po9ke och en flicka.

Unit Twenty Three

,. min man -. min fru F. min famil9 7. G> p> restaurang. .. 2in famil9 ska g> p> restaurang. 4. )i skulle "il9a ?ta nu. G. hungrig H. Lr du hungrigI 5. Ja. )ar ligger restaurangenI ,/. &en ligger i Gamla Stan. ,,. Urs?kta, "ar ligger toalettenI ,-. &en ?r d?r borta. ,F. )ad kostar fiskenI ,7. &en kostar nittio kronorI

Reading Booklet ,.. Jag "ill ha en k@ttbit. ,4. )ill du ha ett glas "inI ,G. Jag ska ta en @l. ,H. notan ,5. 8an "i f> notan, tackI -/. Ska "i betala dricksI

Unit Twenty Four

,. tillr?ckligt -. !9usa n?tter p> sommaren. F. )i bor p> hotell. 7. )ar ligger hotelletI .. &et ligger p> ;ornsgatan. 4. d?r borta G. ;otellet ligger d?r borta p> ;ornsgatan. H. ;ar du bilI 5. Ja, det ?r min bil, d?r borta. ,/. t9ugos9u ,,. kilometer ,-. &et ?r t9ugos9u kilometer till Stockholm. ,F. stationen ,7. )ar ligger stationenI ,.. )ad kostar en bil9ett till ;@teborgI ,4. &> beh@"er du inte K ,G. s> mycket bensin ,H. )ar ligger bensinstationenI ,5. 6ensinen ?r dyr i S"erige. -/. Lr bankerna @ppna nuI

Unit Twenty Five

,. 8an du s?ga det en g>ng tillI -. )ilken "?g g>r till StockholmI

Reading Booklet F. &?rf@r att det ?r f@r sent. 7. ;ur m>nga kilometer ?r det till slottetI .. l>ngt 4. &et ?r inte l>ngt. G. G@teborg H. &et ?r l?ngre till G@teborg. 5. Jag beh@"er t?nka. ,/. Jag beh@"er tanka. ,,. t?nka D tanka ,-. an"?nda ,F. Jag "ill an"?nda mitt bankkort. ,7. )ar finns en bankomatI ,.. &?r borta p> &rottninggatan. ,4. Sl> in din pinkod. ,G. 'ryck p> klar. ,H. 8ortet ?r godk?nt. ,5. )ar ligger )asamusNetI -/. &et ligger p> &9urg>rden.

Unit Twenty Six

,. sen -. Sen k@r du rakt fram. F. de 7. &e reser till Stockholm. .. alltid 4. &et ?r alltid folk p> )asamusNet. G. Jag skulle "il9a 9obba. H. &et ?r mycket pengar. 5. )ar ?r "?gen till StockholmI ,/. (ch ta sen "?gen till "?nster. ,,. Ge mig n>gra kronor, tack. ,-. Jag kan ge dig lite pengar. ,F. ;on ger mig en bok.

Reading Booklet ,7. )inet ?r till dig. ,.. Staden ?r stor. ,4. Gamla Stan ligger i Stockholm. ,G. )ar ligger S@dermalmI ,H. Ok f@rbi Slussen. ,5. Sen tar du till "?nster. -/. Stockholm ?r en "acker stad.

Unit Twenty Seven

,. Jag tror inte det. -. ;ur s?ger manI F. "?dret 7. ;ur ?r "?dretI .. regnar 4. &et regnar idag. G. &et sn@ar. H. morgon ska det hagla. 5. A> l@rdag ska det bli soligt. ,/. temperaturen ,,. )ad ?r temperaturen idagI ,-. 6l>ser det ocks>I ,F. &et bl>ser bara lite. ,7. Fryser duI ,.. Ne9, 9ag fryser inte. ,4. h?lsa p> ,G. Jag ska h?lsa p> mina "?nner. ,H. Oker du om det sn@arI ,5. &et ?r "ackert "?der. -/. morgon ska det sluta regna.

Unit Twenty Eight

,. Lr det bra "?derI

Reading Booklet -. &et ?r en "acker ">r. F. &et ?r ganska "armt. 7. Jag s"ettas. .. &et ?r kallt. 4. ;@sten ?r kylig. G. &et sn@ar och bl>ser. H. Snart ?r det sommar. 5. Jag tycker inte om "intern. ,/. )ilken >rstid tycker du b?st omI ,,. Jag tycker b?st om h@sten. ,-. gula och r@da ,F. A> h@sten ?r tr?den gula och r@da. ,7. 8arin tycker om "intern. ,.. &et ska "ara mycket sn@ p> "intern. ,4. 2>nga s"enskar tycker om att >ka skidor. ,G. !ars tycker b?st om ">ren. ,H. A> ">ren ?r det l9ust igen. ,5. (ch s> kommer sommaren. -/. &et ?r l9usa n?tter p> sommaren.

Unit Twenty Nine

,. )art "ill du resaI -. Jag "ill resa till Stockholm. F. 8anske "i kan >ka tillsammansI 7. F@rst >ker "i till !undagatan. .. Sen tar "i tunnelbanan till Gamla Stan. 4. Nu >ker "i till Slussens tunnelbanestation. G. Jag bor p> 6ellmansgatan. )ar bor duI H. Jag bor p> G@tgatanI 5. 2ikael skulle "il9a k@ra till Fiskargatan. ,/. ;an tar "?gen till "?nster. ,,. Ska "i ?ta middagI ,-. &et finns en bra restaurang "id 2osebacke torg.

Reading Booklet ,F. Jag "ill bara ha 6illys Aan Ai<<a. ,7. dag ska !isbeth h?lsa p> en "?n p> 'omtebogatan. ,.. ;on ska h?lsa p> sin mor i Lppel"iken i morgon. ,4. A> tisdag ska hon tr?ffa flickorna p> 8"arnen. ,G. &> g>r "i till ett cafN i Gamla Stan. ,H. 8anske "i kan ta en kaffe p> 2ell*"ists 8affebarI ,5. Jag "ill ha en tidning. -/. 8an 9ag f> S"enska2orgon:Aosten, tackI

Unit Thirty
,. )ad "ill du g@ra nuI -. nte "et 9ag. F. )ad "ill du g@raI 7. 8anske "i kan ta n>got att dricka tillsammans. .. )ill du ha ett glas 9uiceI 8anske ?ppel9uiceI 4. Jag drack ?ppel9uice K G. hos mig i morse. H. )ill du ha mineral"attenI 5. Jag drack det ocks>. ,/. Skulle du "il9a ha kaffe eller teI ,,. Jag drack kaffe i morse ocks>. ,-. (ch 9ag drack en kopp te. ,F. Senare drack 9ag ett glas @l. ,7. (8, men 9ag skulle "il9a ha n>got att dricka p> 'eatercafNet. ,.. )ad "ill du g@ra d>I ,4. O, 9ag "et "ad 9ag "ill g@ra nu. ,G. )ad "ill du g@raI ,H. Jag skulle "il9a g> p> toaletten.