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# Name: _________________________ Date: ___________ Period: ___________ Test Review Chapter 3 Directions: Answer the questions below completely

Describe how convection currents occur in earths mantle. Be sure to describe what happens to the density of the rock and its particles when the rock changes temperature. hat happens to the pressure and temperature inside !arth" Describe the steps in the rock cycle. Directions: Describe the following rocks by the type of rock, the grain size, and the grain pattern #bsidian \$ranite %andstone

&onglomerate

\$neiss

'arble

Directions: In each of the following situations, identify the method of heat transfer taking place (conduction, convection, radiation ! "ore than one process may be occurring! ( heater is placed under one corner of a water bed mattress. throughout the mattress because of)). arm water moves

( college student holds the back of his hand near an iron to see if it is hot. *eat is transferred to his hand by)) ( house burns down. #n the house across the street+ all of the vinyl siding is twisted and warped by the heat. ,he heat was transferred across the street by))..

#ne end of a copper rod is placed in a flame of a Bunsen burner. %mall pieces of wa- placed along the rod melt at progressively larger distance from the flame. *eat is transferred through the rod by))) Directions: #rite the word that is described below! Vocabulary Word Description Direct evidence that scientists gather by drilling holes in the earth and that volcanoes blast to the surface from depths in the mantle .ndirect evidence that scientists use to determine what material the earth is made of. %cientists measure how /uickly these waves travel from one point to another and how much they refract to determine the material inside the earth. #uter most layer of the earth. ,here are two types the oceanic and the continental. ,he largest layer of the earth. .t has three parts: the mesosphere+ asthenosphere+ and the lithosphere. .t is a semi0solid layer made of rock under heat and pressure ,his layer of the earth is molten metal 1iron and nickel2. .t is responsible for the earths magnetic field. ,his is the solid+ inner most layer of earth. .t is made of nickel and iron. ,he transfer of heat in a li/uid or gas. ,he transfer of heat from one ob3ect to another by direct contact. ,he transfer of heat by electromagnetic waves. (ny naturally occurring+ inorganic homogeneous substance with an e-act chemical composition and often crystalline structure. .t is what rocks are made of. Particles of minerals or other rocks 4ocks with grains that are large and easy to see are said to have this type of grain 4ocks with grains that are small and cannot be seen easily with the eye alone are said to have this grain si5e. ith this grain pattern the grains lie flat or in layers ,ype of rock formed from molten rock 1lava or magma2 ,ype of rock formed when small particles of rocks or the remains of plants or animals are pressed and cemented together.

Vocabulary Word

Description ,ype of rock formed when a rock is changed by heat or pressure. ,his type of igneous rock is formed by magma cooling inside earth. (n e-ample is granite. ,his type of igneous rock is formed when lava is cooled outside of earth. ,wo e-amples are basalt and obsidian. ,his type of .N,46%.7! rock is coarse grained and used for buildings 'arble and slate are two e-amples of this type of rock. 'arble forms from the sedimentary rock limestone that is heated and put under pressure. %late forms from the sedimentary rock shale that is heated and pressed. \$neiss is formed from granite that is put under e-treme pressure. ,his type of metamorphic rock has grains in layers. ,he process of breaking up rock ,he process of wind and water carrying away bits of broken up rock. ,he process where sediment 1small pieces of rock2 settles out of the water or wind carrying it. ,he process of pressing sediments together. ,he process of gluing or fussing pieces of rock together. ( type of sedimentary rock formed when rock pieces are s/uee5ed together. (n e-ample is sandstone or conglomerate. ( type of sedimentary rock where the remains of plants and animals are in the layers. &oal is an e-ample of this. ( type of sedimentary rock where minerals dissolved in a water solution crystalli5e. (n e-ample is rock salt or limestone