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Why Study Nutrition?

Achieving Wel l ness


roper
uleL
osluve
LlfesLyle
Wellness
oor
uleL
negauve
LlfesLyle
ueaLh &
ulsease
Did You Know?
o 63 of Lhe world's populauon llve ln counLrles
where overwelghL and obeslLy klll more
people Lhan underwelghL
o More people are overwelghL Lhan
underwelghL ln Lhe world
!"#$% '()$*+ ,#-)./0)1".2 3(%/) 4(.*#(2 ,5(6/*7 ).% ,8(#9(/-+*2 3)7 :;<:
4(.*(#6 ="# >/6()6( 4".*#"$ ).% ?#(8(.1".2 :;<<
1he CosL of oor nuLrluon
Chronlc
ulsease
8lsk
8educed
CuallLy of
Llfe
SlgnlcanL
llnanclal
lmpacL
Top Ten Causes of Death
!"#$%&'"() +",&-./)0 1)2-30 /& 4/55/"&0 6 "7 1)2-30
Lower resplraLory lnfecuons 1.03 11.3
ularrheal dlseases 0.76 8.2
Plv/AluS 0.72 7.8
lschemlc hearL dlsease 0.37 6.1
Malarla 0.48 3.2
SLroke and oLher cerebrovascular dlsease 0.43 4.9
1uberculosls 0.40 4.3
remaLurlLy & L8W 0.30 3.2
8lrLh asphyxla & blrLh Lrauma 0.27 2.9
neonaLal lnfecuons 0.24 2.6
!"#$% '()$*+ ,#-)./0)1".2 @A.( :;<<
Top Ten Causes of Death
8/93$%&'"() +",&-./)0 1)2-30 /& 4/55/"&0 6 "7 1)2-30
lschemlc hearL dlsease 1.42 13.6
SLroke and oLher cerebrovascular dlsease 0.79 8.7
1rachea, bronchus and lung cancers 0.34 3.9
Alzhelmer's and oLher demenuas 0.37 4.1
Lower resplraLory lnfecuons 0.33 3.8
Chronlc obsLrucuve pulmonary dlsease 0.32 3.3
Colon and recLal cancer 0.30 3.3
ulabeLes 0.24 2.6
PyperLenslve hearL dlsease 0.21 2.3
8reasL cancer 0.17 1.9
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Top Ten Causes of Death
:5";25 1)2-30 /& 4/55/"&0 6 "7 1)2-30
lschemlc hearL dlsease 7.23 12.8
SLroke and oLher cerebrovascular dlsease 6.13 10.8
Lower resplraLory lnfecuons 3.46 6.1
Chronlc obsLrucuve pulmonary dlsease 3.28 3.8
ularrheal dlseases 2.46 4.3
Plv/AluS 1.78 3.1
1rachea, bronchus, lung cancers 1.39 2.4
1uberculosls 1.34 2.4
ulabeLes 1.26 2.2
8oad Lramc accldenLs 1.21 2.1
!"#$% '()$*+ ,#-)./0)1".2 @A.( :;<<
Top Ten Causes of Death
</'3 +",&-./)0
o >2/3 all people llve >70
years old
o ule predomlnanLly of
chronlc dlseases
o Cvu, CCu, Ca, uM,
demenua
o Lung lnfecuon ls only
leadlng lnfecuous cause of
deaLh
="". +",&-./)0
o <1/3 reach age 70
o >1/3 deaLh among chlldren
<13 years old
o ule predomlnanLly of
lnfecuous dlseases
o Lung lnfx, dlarrhea, Plv/
AluS, 18, malarla
o Compllcauons of pregnancy
& chlldblrLh
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Top Ten Causes of Death
>&/-)? @-2-)0 1)2-30
PearL dlsease 399, 413
Cancer 367, 628
Chronlc lower resplraLory dlseases 137,333
SLroke and cerebrovascular dlsease 128,842
AccldenLs 118,021
Alzhelmer's dlsease 79,003
ulabeLes 67,703
lnuenza and pneumonla 33,692
nephrlus, nephrouc syndrome, nephrosls 48,933
Sulclde 36,909
4(.*(#6 ="# >/6()6( 4".*#"$ ).% ?#(8(.1".2 :;<<
Nutrition & Qual ity of Life
o CrowLh
o uevelopmenL
o Cognluve funcuon
o hyslcal and work capaclLy
o ulsease promouon or prevenuon
o hyslcal, menLal, soclal well-belng
Overweight & Obesity in the US
4(.*(#6 ="# >/6()6( 4".*#"$ ).% ?#(8(.1".2 :;<<
Financial Cost of Obesity
o 2008, uS cosL of obeslLy was $147 bllllon/yr
o Medlcal burden of obeslLy was 6.3 ln 1998
and lncreased Lo 9.1 ln 2006
o Medlcal expenses for obese employees are
42 hlgher Lhan for healLhy-welghL person
o 21 of all uS medlcal spendlng obeslLy-relaLed
4(.*(#6 ="# >/6()6( 4".*#"$ ).% ?#(8(.1".2 :;<<
B#""C/.-6 D.61*A1".2 :;<:
Under nutrition vs. Over nutrition
DE)-(F @"6( ?)"$" GH B"##"E("
Ef fectiveness of Proper Nutrition
o nuLrluon lnLervenuon can reduce hosplLal
sLays"
o uleL & llfesLyle changes are cosL-eecuve
ways Lo LreaL dlabeLes, obeslLy, dlsorders of
llpld meLabollsm and oLher chronlc dlseases"
IE(#/J). >/(*(1J I66"J/)1".2 K8/%(.J( I.)$76/6 L/5#)#72 :;;M
Evi dence Based Nutri ti on Gui del i nes
o WPC L-Llbrary of Lvldence for nuLrluon
Acuons (eLLnA) A-Z llsL of lnLervenuons:
hup://www.who.lnL/elena/uLles/en/
o WPC eLLnA overvlew, Chooslng Cood
nuLrluon vldeo:
hup://www.youLube.com/waLch?
v=3[8sLs!vu80&feaLure=youLu.be
Evi dence Based Nutri ti on Gui del i nes
o Academy of nuLrluon & uleLeucs (Anu)
Lvldence Analysls Llbrary:
hup://andevldencellbrary.com/
o Anu nuLrlCuldes moblle app:
hups://lLunes.apple.com/us/app/nuLrlguldes/
ld312278988?mL=8
Evi dence Based Nutri ti on Gui del i nes
o unlLed SLaLes ueparLmenL of AgrlculLure
(uSuA) nuLrluon Lvldence Llbrary (nLL):
hup://www.nel.gov/
o unlLed SLaLes ueparLmenL of PealLh & Puman
Servlces (uPPS) nauonal Culdellne
Clearlnghouse: hup://www.guldellne.gov/