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264 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM

PM 2009
PM

SPM [ 45411 ] [ 4541/2 ] [ 4541/3 ]


2009 Chemistry Soalan
Ulang
kaji

PAPER 1

1 B 26 D
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2 B 27 C
3 C 28 D
4 C 29 B
5 D 30 A
6 D 31 A
7 C 32 B
8 B 33 A
9 C 34 D
10 B 35 A
11 A 36 C
12 C 37 D
13 C 38 C
14 B 39 B
15 A 40 D
16 C 41 C
17 B 42 B
18 A 43 B
19 C 44 D
20 B 45 D
21 A 46 D
22 B 47 B
23 A 48 A
24 D 49 C
25 C 50 C
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009 265

PAPER 2
SECTION A

Question Answer Mark


1.(a) Zn + 2HCl ZnCl2 1m
(b) Yellow powder changes to grey solid. 1m
(c) To avoid the hot lead metal from being oxidised to form lead 1m
(II) oxide again.
(d) Element Pb O 1m
Mass/g 35.65-25.30=10.35 36.45-35.65=0.8
Number of moles 10.35÷207=0.05 0.8÷16=0.05

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Ratio of moles 1 1
Empirical
Formula: PbO
(e) To ensure that all the lead (II) oxide has been reduced to lead 1m
completely
(f) Allow the hydrogen gas to flow through the apparatus for an 1m
interval of time before heating.Continue the flow of hydrogen 1m
gas after heating until the hot deposited is cooled. Total: 10m
2.(a) Ethanol 1m
(b) Oxidation 1m
(c)(i) Ethene gas 1m
(c)(ii) The purple solution of potassium manganate (VII) is 1m
discoloured.
(c)(iii) Porcelain chips 1m
C2H5OH C2H4 + H2O
(d)(i) Esterification 1m
(ii) C2H5OH + CH3COOH CH3COOC2H5 + H2O 1m
(iii) 1. Ethanoic acid (compound C) reacts with metal carbonates 1m
to form salts,carbon dioxide and water.
2. Ethanoic acid reacts with bases to form salts and water. 1m
(e) Compound D have sweet odour. 1m
Total:10m
3.(a) Zinc carbonate 1m
(b) ZnCO3 ZnO + CO2 1m
(c) Zinc nitrate 1m
(d) Nitrogen dioxide, 1m
Oxygen 1m
(e) 2Zn(NO3) 2ZnO + 4NO2 +O2 1m
(f) ZnO + 2HCl ZnCl2 + H2O 1m
(g)(i) A white precipitate is produced 1m
(ii) The white precipitate dissolves. 1m
(h) The solution obtained in (f) contains zinc ions (Zn2+) 1m
Total:10m
266 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009

4.(a) Cathode:Cu2+ + 2e Cu 1m
Anode : 2Cl -
Cl2 + 2e 1m
(b) 1. Pinkish brown solid ,copper is deposited at the copper 1m
electrode.
2. Green copper (II) chloride solution fades and decolourises. 1m
(c) Neutral. 1m
Cu2+ ions and Cl- ions are discharged at the electrodes.The resulting 1m
solution contains H+ and OH- ions which are water molecules.
Thus,it is neutral.
(d) The colourless solution of potassium iodide turns brown. 1m
(e) Cl2 + 2I- 2Cl- + I2 1m
(f) OH- ions, being more concentrated than Cl- ions, are 1m
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selectively discharged at the anode to produce oxygen gas


and water molecule.
(g) Use a glowing wooden splinter. 1m
Oxygen gas relights the glowing wooden splinter. Total:10m
5. (a) Dilute sulphuric acid 1m
(b) 0 to +2 1m
(c) Zinc foil 1m
because zinc is more electropositive than copper 1m
(d)(i) Copper foil becomes thicker. 1m
(ii) Zinc foil becomes thinner. 1m
(e)(i) Zinc foil. 1m
(ii) Copper (II) ion 1m
(f)(i) Zn Zn2+ + 2e 1m
(ii) Cu2+ + 2e Cu 1m
Total: 10m
6. (a) Zn + H2SO4 ZnSO4 + H2 1m
(b)(i) Number of moles of H2SO4 that reacts 1m
= 50 x 0.2
1000
= 0.01 mol 1m
From the equation in (a),
1mol of sulphuric acid that reacts will release 24dm3 of
Hydrogen gas at room condition.
-Therefore
If 0.01mol of sulphuric acid reacts the volume of hydrogen
released
= 0.01 x 24 1m
= 2.4dm3
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009 267

(b)(ii) Number of mol H2SO4 that reacts


=50x0.1
1000
=0.005 mol 1m
From the equation in (a), 1 mol of sulphuric acid that reacts
will released 24 dm3 of hydrogen gas at room condition.
Therefore,
If 0.005 mol of sulphuric acid reacts the volume of hydrogen
gas released.
=0.005 mol x 24 dm3
=0.12 dm3. 1m
(c) Experiment 1 1m

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Because the concentration of sulphuric acid used is higher. 1m
(d) Volume of hydrogen gas/cm3

240 Experimen 1

Experimen 2

Time/minutes 2m

(e) Using a hotter dilute sulphuric acid. 1m


Total:10m

ANSWER SCHEME: SECTION B

Question Answer Mark


7(a) 1.Size of solid particles 1m
2. Concentration of the solution 1m
3. Temperature 1m
4. Pressure 1m
5. Catalyst 1m
Total: 5m
268 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009

7(b) (i) 1. They speeds up reactions. 1m


2. They are chemically unchanged at the end of reaction. 1m
3. Only a small amount of catalyst is required. 1m
4. Most catalysts are very specific and only catalyse a
particular reaction. 1m
Total : 4m

(ii)- When reactions take place,bonds in the reactants must


be broken before new bonds can be formed in the 1m
products.
- This bond breaking requires a minimum energy which 1m
is called the activation energy.
- In a catalysed reaction, the activation energy is lowered 1m
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and less energy is required to break the bonds.


- As a result,more effective collision occur and bond 1m
breaking takes place more easily.
- Hence ,catalysed reactions are faster. 1m
Total: 5m
(iii)
Process Catalyst
Contact process Vanadium (VI) oxide
Haber process Iron
6m
Cracking of petroleum Platinum

8.(a) - Atom U is smaller in size than atom T 1m


- Atom U has more protons in the nucleus 1m
- Attractive forces between the nucleus and the electrons in
the shells are stronger. 1m
- Therefore,the electron filled shells are attracted closer to
the nucleus. 1m
Total: 4 m
8(b) - T is more reactive . 1m
- The electron arrangement of T is 2.8.1 and S is 2.1 1m
- The valence electron of atom T is further from its nucleus. 1m
- The attractive forces between the nucleus of atom T towards
the nucleus of atom T towards the valence electron is
weaker. 1m
- Therefore the tendency of atom T to donate the valence
electron is higher. 1m
Total: 5m
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009 269

8(c)

1m
Procedure:

1. A spatula of iron filings is put into the combustion tube. 1m


2. Gas U is passed over the hot iron filings. 1m
3. The iron filings are heated very strongly. 1m

Observation:

- The iron filings glow brightly and a brown solid is formed. 1m

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Chemical equation:

2Fe + 3 U2 2FeU3 1m

Total: 6m
8(d) - S has the electron arrangement of 2.1. 1m
- S is located in Group 1 1m
- because S has 1 valence electron. 1m
- S is located in Period 2. 1m
- because S has 2 electron filled shells. 1m
Total: 5m

ANSWER SCHEME: SECTION B

Question Answer Mark


9(a) ∙ Copper (II) sulphate is prepared using Method A 1m
∙ Copper (II) sulphate is a soluble salt 1m
which requires crystallisation to obtain the salt. 1m
∙ Lead (II) sulphate is prepared using Method B 1m
as lead (II) sulphate is an insoluble salt. 1m
∙ Using method A for preparation of lead (II) sulphate
would result in incomplete reaction as salt form ed will be
deposited on metal oxide,reducing the surface area of the
reactants and eventually will stop the reaction. 1m
Total=6m
270 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009

9(b) ∙Preparation of copper (II) sulphate using method A:

- Add one spatula of copper (II) oxide to 25 cm3 of 1 mol


dm-3 of hot dilute sulphuric acid. 1m
- When it has reacted,add further amounts until it can no
longer dissolve. 1m
- Filter the mixture. 1m
- Evaporate the filtrate to one third of its volume or until the 1m
solution becomes saturated. 1m
- Allow the saturated solution to cool so that the salt 1m
crystallises out. 1m
- Filter to obtain the crystals. 1m
- Wash with a bit of distilled water and dry between the
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sheets 1m
of filter paper.

∙ Preparation of lead (II) sulphate using method B:

- Mix lead (II) nitrate solution with sodium sulphate solution. 1m


- Stir the mixture well.
- Filter the mixture. 1m
- The residue is barium sulphate salt. 1m
- Wash the salt with distilled water. 1m
- Then dry the salt between sheets of filter papers. 1m

Total: 14m
10(a) - R is a covalent compound. 1m
- The compound has a low melting point. 1m
- and it is insoluble in water. 1m
Total: 3m
10(b) - R has a low melting point. 1m
- Attractive forces between the molecules are weak. 1m
- less heat energy is needed to overcome the weak forces of 1m
attraction.
Total: 3m
10(c) - (i) Q has a high melting point 1m
-(ii) It can conduct electricity in aqueous solution or molten 1m
state.
-(iii) It is soluble in water. 1m
Total: 3m
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009 271

- Apparatus:

Spatula,Bunsen burner,tripod stand,batteries,carbon


electrodes,electrode holder,bulb,connecting wires with
crocodile clips,switch,pipe-clay triangle ,crucible

- Material:
Powder R,Powder Q 1m

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2m

- Procedure:

1. One spatula of Q powder is placed in a crucible. 1m


2. Two carbon electrodes are dipped into Q and the circuit is 1m
completed by connecting to the batteries and switch.
3. Powder Q is heated until its melts and the switch is turned 1m
on again.
4. Steps 1-3 are repeated by replacing powder Q with powder 1m
R.

- Observation:
Compound Physical States Observation 2m
Q Solid The bulb does not light up.
Total: 9m
Molten The bulb lights up.
R Solid The bulb does not light up.
Molten The bulb does not light up.
10(e) - R consists of neutral molecules. 1m
- No ions to carry electrical charges. 1m
Total: 2m
272 SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009

PAPER 3
ANSWER SCHEME

Question Answer Mark


1(a)(i) The temperature [1] of naphthalene powder increases[1] 3m
when it is heated [1]
1(a)(ii) When molten naphthalene is cooled down,the temperature 3m
falls.
1 (b) To ensure an even temperature during the cooling of 3m
naphthalene in order to avoid supercooling
1(c) (i)
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1(c)(ii)

1 (d)(i) A water bath is used to heat naphthalene. 3m


1 (d) (ii) Naphthalene is continuosly stirred during heating of cooling. 3m
1(e)(i) Time taken to heat/cool 1m
1(e)(ii) Temperature of naphthalene 1m
1(e)(iii) Naphthalene 1m
1(f)(i) 3m
SOALAN ULANGKAJI SPM 2009 273

1(f)(ii) 3m

1(g) The melting point =The freezing point=80oC 3m


2 (a) -Chlorine oxidises Fe2+ ions to Fe3+ ions through the transfer 3m

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of electronsat a distance from the reducing agent to the
oxidising agent.
2 (b) Manipulated: Chlorine and Fe2+ ions 3m
Responding : Products of reaction deflection of
Galvanometer needle.
Constant : Volume of oxidizing and reducing agents
2 (c) Substances: Chlorine water,dilute sulphuric acid,iron (II) 3m
sulphate solution,sodium hydroxide solution.

Apparatys: U-tube,carbonelectrodes,electric wires with


crocodile clips,galvanometer,stoppers,dropper

2(d) Procedure of the experiment :

1. The apparatus is set up as shown in the diagram and left


aside for 30 minutes.
2. Observations before an after the experiment are recorded.
3. At the end of the experiment, a little solution is removed
from the negative terminal with a dropper and tested with
sodium hydroxide solution.

2(e) Tabulation of data; 3m


Experiment Observation
Direction of electron flow Deflection of galvanometer
shows electron flow from the
negative to positive terminal.
Change to FeSO4 Light green to yellow in
colour.
Changes to Cl2 Greenish yellow to colourless
Reaction of iron salt with Forms brown
NaOH precipitate,insoluble in
excess alkali.