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j2kk

SULIT 4541/1
4541/1 http://spmchem.blogspot.com/
CHEMISTRY
Kertas 1
Sept. 2009
1¼ jam

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA


SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

CHEMISTRY
Paper 1

One hour and fifteen minutes

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.


2. Soalan dalam Bahasa Inggeris mendahului soalan yang sepadan dalam Bahasa
Melayu.
3. Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 20 halaman bercetak

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. This question paper consists of 50 questions.


Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

2. Answer all questions.


Jawab semua soalan.

3. Answer each question by blackening the correct space on the answer sheet.
Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

4. Blacken only one space for each question.


Hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja bagi setiap soalan.

5. If you wish to change your answer, erase the blackened mark that you have made.
Then blacken the space for the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat.
Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

6. The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan.

7. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.


Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

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SULIT 3 4541/1
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1 Which of the following substances exists as atoms?
Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah wujud sebagai atom?

A Carbon
B Oxygen
C Water
D Chlorine

2 Which of the following acids is a weak acid?


Antara asid berikut, yang manakah merupakan asid lemah?

A Hydrochloric acid
B Ethanoic acid
C Sulphuric acid
D Nitric acid

3 Which of the following represents the electron arrangement of a noble gas?


Antara berikut, yang manakah mewakili susunan elektron gas adi?

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SULIT 4 4541/1
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4 Which of the following is a property of iodine?
Antara berikut, yang manakah sifat iodin?

A Becomes purple gas when heated


Menjadi gas ungu apabila dipanaskan
B More electronegative than bromine
Lebih elektronegatif daripada bromin
C Exists as yellow liquid at room conditions
Wujud sebagai cecair kuning pada keadaan bilik
D Dissolves in water to form an alkaline solution
Larut dalam air membentuk larutan beralkali

5 Which of the following is a property of covalent compound?


Antara berikut, yang manakah sifat sebatian kovalen?

A Conducts electricity in liquid state


Mengkonduksi elektrik dalam keadaan cecair
B Dissolves in organic solvents
Larut dalam pelarut organik
C Requires a great amount of heat to break the attractive forces between
molecules
Memerlukan haba yang banyak untuk memutuskan daya tarikan antara
molekul
D Solid covalent compounds consist of particles which are scattered randomly
Sebatian kovalen pepejal mengandungi zarah-zarah yang bertabur secara
rawak

6 What happens to a chlorine atom when sodium combines with chlorine?


Apakah yang berlaku kepada atom klorin apabila natrium berpadu dengan klorin?

A Accepts an electron
Menerima satu elektron
B Releases an electron
Membebas satu elektron
C Accepts two electrons
Menerima dua elektron
D Shares a pair of electrons
Berkongsi sepasang elektron

7 Which of the folllowing is an electrolyte?


Antara berikut, yang manakah elektrolit?

A Glucose
B Copper
C Naphthalene
D Sodium chloride

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SULIT 5 4541/1
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8 Diagram 1 shows the set-up of apparatus of a chemical cell.
Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi sel kimia.

Diagram 1
Which of the following substances is most likely to be Y?
Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah mungkin Y?

A Iron
B Magnesium
C Silver
D Copper

9 Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus used to investigate diffusion in a solid.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menyiasat resapan dalam pepejal.

Diagram 2

After a few days, the colourless solid gel turned blue.


What can we deduce from the above investigation?
Selepas beberapa hari, pepejal gel tanpa warna bertukar ke biru.
Apakah yang dapat disimpulkan daripada penyiasatan di atas?

A Copper(II) sulphate dissolves in the gel


Kuprum(II) sulfat larut dalam gel
B Copper(II) sulphate is less dense than the gel
Kuprum(II) sulfat kurang tumpat daripada gel
C Copper(II) sulphate reacts with the gel to produce blue colour
Kuprum(II) sulfat bertindak balas dengan gel menghasilkan warna biru
D Copper(II) sulphate particles diffuse through spaces between the gel
particles
Zarah-zarah kuprum(II) sulfat meresap melalui ruang di antara zarah-zarah
gel

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SULIT 6 4541/1
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10 Which of the following statements is true about an acid?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang asid?

A Turns red litmus blue


B Has a pH of more than 7
C Reacts with metal oxide to produce salt and water
D 1 mole of acid produces 1 mole of hydrogen ions when dissolves in water

11 The following equation shows a reaction to produce hydrogen gas.


Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas untuk menghasilkan gas hidrogen.

2HCl + Mg → MgCl 2 + H 2

Which of the following statements will increase the rate of production of hydrogen
gas ?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah akan meningkatkan kadar penghasilan
gas hidrogen?

A Increase the time of reaction


Memanjangkan masa tindak balas
B Increase the volume of acid
Menambahkan isipadu asid
C Increase the size of granulated magnesium
Menambahkan saiz butir magnesium
D Increase the temperature of the mixture
Meningkatkan suhu campuran

12 What is the function of vanadium(V) oxide in the manufacturing of sulphuric acid?


Apakah fungsi vanadium(V) oksida dalam pembuatan asid sulfurik?

A To speed up the formation of oleum


Mempercepatkan penghasilan oleum
B To increase the yield of sulphur trioxide
Menambahkan hasil sulfur trioksida
C To increase the rate of production of sulphur trioxide
Meningkatkan kadar penghasilan sulfur trioksida
D To increase the rate of burning of sulphur in air
Meningkatkan kadar pembakaran sulfur dalam udara

13 Which of the following is a synthetic polymer ?


Antara berikut, yang manakah polimer sintetik?

A Polypropene
B Polysaccharide
C Polyisoprene
D Silk

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SULIT 7 4541/1
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14 Which of the following salt can be prepared by double decomposition reaction?
Antara garam berikut, yang manakah boleh disediakan melalui tindak balas
penguraian ganda dua?

A Sodium nitrate
B Potassium carbonate
C Calcium sulphate
D Magnesium chloride

15 Figure 3 shows the structural formula of a carbon compound.


Rajah 3 menunjukkan formula struktur satu sebatian karbon.

H H O H
    Figure 3
H  C  C  C  O C  H
  
H H H

Based on the figure above, what is the general formula of the compound?
Berdasarkan rajah di atas, apakah formula am bagi sebatian tersebut?

A C n H 2n COOH
B C n H 2n+1 COOH
C CH 2n+1 COO C m H 2m+1
D C n H 2n+1 COO C m H 2m+1

16 Which of the following pairs of compounds are in the same homologous series?
Manakah antara pasangan sebatian berikut berada dalam siri homolog yang
sama?

Compound 1 Compound 2
A C2H4 C3 H6
B C2H6 C3 H6
C C 2 H 5 OH CH 3 CO 2 H
D C 2 H 5 OH C 2 H 5 COOH

17 Which of the following medicines is used to cure illnesses caused by bacteria ?


Antara ubat berikut, yang manakah digunakan untuk menyembuh penyakit
disebabkan bakteria?

A Paracetamol
B Streptomycin
C Antiseptic
D Aspirin

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SULIT 8 4541/1
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18 The heat of neutralisation between hydrochloric acid and potassium hydroxide is
higher than the heat of neutralisation between ethanoic acid and potassium
hydroxide because
Haba peneutralan antara asid hidroklorik dan kalium hidroksida adalah lebih
tinggi daripada haba peneutralan antara asid etanoik dan kalium hidroksida
kerana

A hydrochloric acid is a mineral acid whereas ethanoic acid is an organic acid


asid hidroklorik adalah asid mineral sementara asid etanoik adalah asid
organik
B the reaction between ethanoic acid and potassium hydroxide is incomplete
tindak balas antara asid etanoik dan kalium hidroksida adalah tidak
lengkap
C hydrochloric acid and ethanoic acid have different pH values
asid hidroklorik dan asid etanoik mempunyai nilai pH yang berlainan
D energy is needed to ionise the ethanoic acid
tenaga diperlukan untuk mengion asid etanoik

19 Soap cannot function properly as cleansing agent in water that contains


Sabun tidak dapat berfungsi dengan baik sebagai agen pencuci dalam air yang
mengandungi

I potassium ion, K+
II magnesium ion, Mg2+
III calcium ion, Ca2+
IV hydroxide ion, OH –

A I and II only
B II and III only
C I and III only
D III and IV only

20. Aspirin is a medicine for headache, but it can also cause stomachache. Why?
Aspirin ialah ubat untuk sakit kepala, tetapi ia juga boleh mengakibatkan sakit
perut. Mengapa?

A Aspirin contains acid


Aspirin mengandungi acid
B Aspirin contains poisonous substances
Aspirin mengandungi bahan beracun
C Aspirin can react with gastric juice to produce acid
Aspirin akan bertindak balas dengan jus gastrik menghasilkan asid)
D Aspirin can react with food to produce poisonous products
Aspirin akan bertindak balas dengan makanan menghasilkan bahan
beracun

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SULIT 9 4541/1
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21 Diagram 4 shows the heating curve of solid naphthalene.
Rajah 4 menunjukkan kelok pemanasan pepejal naftalena.

Diagram 4

Which of the following statements is true about the particles of naphthalene at


T oC?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai zarah-zarah naftalena
pada T oC?

I The particles can only vibrate and rotate at fixed positions at t 1


Zarah-zarah hanya bergetar dan berputar di kedudukan yang tetap pada t 1
II Both solid and liquid are present between t 1 and t 2
Kedua-dua pepejal dan cecair wujud antara t 1 dan t 2
III The forces of attraction between particles are overcome
Daya tarikan antara zarah-zarah diatasi
IV The particles absorb heat energy
Zarah-zarah menyerap tenaga haba

A I and III only


B II and IV only
C I, II and III only
D I, II, III and IV

23
22 The symbol of sodium atom is 11 Na
The nucleus of this atom contains
23
Simbol atom natrium adalah 11 Na
Nukleus atom ini mengandungi

A 11 protons and 12 neutrons


B 11 neutrons and 12 protons
C 11 protons and 12 electrons
D 12 neutrons and 11 electrons

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SULIT 10 4541/1
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23 Diagram 5 shows an apparatus set-up for a chemical cell prepared by a student.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi sel kimia yang disediakan oleh seorang
pelajar.

Diagram 5
The student wants to modify the chemical cell so that it produces a higher
voltage. What modification should the student make?
Pelajar tersebut ingin mengubahsuai sel kimia itu supaya voltan yang dihasilkan
adalah lebih tinggi. Apakah pengubahsuaian yang perlu dilakukan oleh pelajar
tersebut?

A Use a wider metal plates


Gunakan kepingan logam yang lebih lebar
B Substitute zinc with magnesium
Gantikan zink dengan magnesium
C Reduce the distance between the two metal plates
Kurangkan jarak antara dua kepingan logam
D Use magnesium sulphate solution as the electrolyte
Gunakan larutan magnesium sulfat sebagai elektrolit

24 Figure 6 shows four elements in the Periodic Table of Elements.


Which of the element can form coloured compound?
Rajah 6 menunjukkan empat unsur dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.
Unsur yang manakah boleh membentuk sebatian berwarna?

Figure 6

25 Which of the following substances is used as catalyst in Haber Process ?


Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah digunakan sebagai mangkin dalam Proses
Haber?

A Iron
B Nickel
C Platinum
D Vanadium(V) oxide

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SULIT 11 4541/1
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26 The information below shows three characteristics of a compound P.
Maklumat berikut mununjukkan tiga ciri bagi sebatian P.

 Soluble in water
 High melting and boiling points
 Does not conduct electricity in the solid state

What is P?

A Zinc
B Sulphur
C Silver chloride
D Sodium nitrate

27 Diagram 7 shows the set-up of the apparatus of an electrolytic cell.


Rajah 7 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu sel elektrolisis.

Diagram 7
Which of the following half-equations represents the reaction that occurred at
electrode P?
Antara persamaan setengah berikut, yang manakah mewakili tindak balas yang
berlaku di elektrod P?

A Na+ + e Na
+
B 2H + 2e H2
C 2Cl- Cl 2 + 2e
D 4OH- O 2 + 2H 2 O + 4e

28 What is the oxidation number of sulphur in K 2 S 2 O 8 ?


Apakah nombor pengoksidaan sulfur dalam K 2 S 2 O 8 ?

A -2
B 0
C +7
D +8

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SULIT 12 4541/1
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29 A precipitate is formed when hydrochloric acid is added to solution X. Which of
the following solutions is most probably solution X?
Mendakan terbentuk apabila asid hidroklorik ditambah kepada larutan X.
Antara larutan berikut, yang manakah mungkin larutan X?

A Zinc nitrate
B Silver nitrate
C Calcium nitrate
D Magnesium nitrate

30 Figure 8 shows the electron arrangement of an atom of element X


Gambarajah 8 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi atom unsur X.

Figure 8
The atom of element X can form a covalent bond with another atom through
Atom unsur X membentuk ikatan kovalen dengan atom lain melalui

A acceptance of two electrons


penerimaan dua elektron
B donation of two electrons
menderma dua elektron
C sharing of two pairs of electrons
perkongsian dua pasang elektron
D elimination of three pairs of electrons
penyingkiran tiga pasang elektron

31 Potassium and sodium are in the same group in the Periodic Table. Which of the
following statements is true about potassium?
Kalium dan natrium adalah dalam kumpulan yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala.
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai kalium?

A Potassium reacts more vigorously with water compared to sodium


Kalium bertindak balas lebih cergas dengan air berbanding natrium
B Potassium has a higher density compared to sodium
Kalium mempunyai ketumpatan yang lebih tinggi berbanding natrium
C The melting point of potassium is higher than that of sodium
Takat lebur kalium lebih tinggi daripada natrium
D Potassium is less electropositive than sodium
Kalium kurang elektropositif berbanding natrium

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SULIT 13 4541/1
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32 Figure 9 shows an ester produced when an alcohol reacts with a carboxylic acid.
Gambarajah 9 menunjukkan sejenis ester yang terhasil apabila sejenis alkohol
bertindak balas dengan sejenis asid karboksilik.

O
II
CH 3  CH 2  C  O  CH 2  CH 2  CH 3

Figure 9
Which of the substances are used in the reaction?
Manakah antara sebatian berikut digunakan dalam tindak balas tersebut?

Carboxylic acid Alcohol

A CH 3 CH 2 OH

B
CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 OH

CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CHOH
C

D CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 OH

33 Iron(III) ion, Fe3+ in solution can be converted into iron(II) ion, Fe2+ by adding
zinc powder.
Which of the following can replace zinc powder in the reaction?
Larutan yang mengandungi ion ferum(III), Fe3+ boleh ditukarkan ke ion
ferum(II), Fe2+ dengan menambahkan serbuk zink.
Antara berikut yang manakah boleh menggantikan serbuk zink di dalam tindak
balas ini?

A Bromine water
B Potassium iodide solution
C Potassium hexacyanoferrate(II) solution
D Acidified potassium manganate(VII) solution

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SULIT 14 4541/1
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34 Figure 10 shows the graph of total volume of carbon dioxide against time for the
reaction of a metal carbonate with dilute acid for experiment P and experiment Q.
Rajah 10 menunjukkan graf bagi jumlah isipadu karbon dioksida melawan masa
bagi tindak balas karbonat logam dengan asid cair bagi eksperimen P dan
eksperimen Q.

Figure 10

Which of the following explains the differences between both curves from the
experiments?
Antara berikut, yang manakah menerangkan perbezaan antara dua lengkuk bagi
eksperimen tersebut?

I Temperature of acid in experiment P is higher than in experiment Q


Suhu asid dalam eksperimen P lebih tinggi daripada dalam eksperimen Q
II Catalyst is used in experiment P but not in experiment Q
Mangkin digunakan dalam eksperimen P tetapi tidak dalam eksperimen Q
III Quantities of metal carbonate and acid used in experiment P are more than
that in experiment Q
Kuantiti karbonat logam dan asid dalam eksperimen P melebihi dalam
eksperimen Q
IV Small particle size of metal carbonate is used in experiment P and big
particle size of metal carbonate is used in experiment Q
Saiz zarah karbonat logam yang kecil digunakan dalam eksperimen P dan
saiz zarah karbonat logam yang besar digunakan dalam eksperimen Q

A III and IV only


B I , II and III only
C I, II and IV only
D I, II , III and IV

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SULIT 15 4541/1
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35 Figure 11 shows the energy level diagram that represents the reaction between A
and B.
Rajah 11 menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga mewakili tindak balas antara A
dan B.

Figure 11

What is the heat of the reaction between A and B?


Apakah haba tindak balas antara A dan B?

A T2
B T2 – T1
C T3 - T1
D T3 – T2

36 Element J and element Q have proton numbers of 11 and 8 respectively. What is


the relative molecular mass of compound formed between J and Q?
Unsur J dan unsur Q masing-masing mempunyai nombor proton 11 dan 8.
Berapakah jisim molekul relatif sebatian yang terbentuk antara J dan Q?
[Relative atomic mass : J = 23 ; Q = 16]

A 39
B 55
C 62
D 78

37 1.72 g of an oxide of metal X contains 0.8 g oxygen. What is the empirical


formula of the oxide?
1.72 g oksida logam X mengandungi 0.8 g oksigen. Apakah formula empirik
bagi oksida itu?
[Relative atomic mass : X = 46 ; O = 16]

A XO 2
B X2O
C X2O3
D X2O5

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SULIT 16 4541/1
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38 2.10 g of element Q combined with 0.80 g of element R to produce a compound
with formula Q 3 R 4 . What is the relative atomic mass of element Q?
2.10 g unsur Q berpadu dengan 0.80 g unsur R untuk menghasilkan sebatian
dengan formula Q 3 R 4 . Berapakah jisim atom relatif unsur Q?
[Relative atomic mass : R = 16]

A 14
B 42
C 56
D 58

39 What is the relative molecular mass of ammonium sulphate, (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 ?


Apakah jisim molekul relatif bagi ammonium sulfat, (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 ?
[Relative atomic mass: H = 1, N = 14, O = 16, S = 32]

A 114
B 116
C 118
D 132

40 A beaker contains 100 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution.
Calculate the number of moles of sodium hydroxide in the beaker.
Sebuah bikar mengandungi 100 cm3 larutan natrium hidroksida 0.5 mol dm-3.
Hitung bilangan mol bagi natrium hidroksida dalam bikar.

A 0.05
B 0.50
C 5.00
D 50.0

41 The following equation represents the reaction between hydrochloric acid and
sodium hydroxide.
Berikut ialah persamaan yang mewakili tindak balas antara asid hidroklorik dan
natrium hidroksida.
NaOH + HCl NaCl + H 2 O
What is the mass of sodium chloride formed when 100 cm3 of 0.5 mol dm-3
hydrochloric acid reacts with excess sodium hydroxide solution?
Apakah jisim natrium klorida yang terbentuk apabila 100 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.5
mol dm-3 bertindak balas dengan larutan natrium hidroksida berlebihan?
[Relative atomic mass: Na = 23, Cl = 35.5]

A 50.0 g
B 5.85 g
C 2.93 g
D 3.55 g

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SULIT 17 4541/1
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42 Which of the following shows the wrong combination of properties for alloy and
its pure metal?
Antara berikut manakah menunjukkan padanan tentang sifat aloi dan logam
tulennya yang salah?

Alloy Pure metal


A hard harder
B stronger strong
C ductile less ductile
D resistance to corrosion less resistance to corrosion

43 Figure 12 shows the graph of total volume of oxygen gas released against time for
the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.
Rajah 12 menunjukkan graf bagi jumlah isipadu gas oksigen yang terbebas
melawan masa untuk penguraian hidrogen peroksida.

Figure 12

Which of the following is the inference from the graph?


Manakah yang berikut adalah inferens daripada graf ?

I Rate of gas released at t 2 is zero


Kadar pembebasan gas pada t 2 adalah sifar
II The average rate of gas released in duration t 1 is V/t 1 cm3 min-1
Purata kadar pembebasan gas dalam tempoh t 1 ialah V/t 1 cm3 min-1
III Rate of gas released at the initial reaction is highest
Kadar pembebasan gas pada permulaan tindak balas adalah paling tinggi
IV Decomposition of hydrogen peroxide decreases with time
Penguraian hidrogen peroksida berkurangan dengan masa.

A I , II and III only


B I, III and IV only
C II, III and IV only
D I,II ,III and IV

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SULIT 18 4541/1
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44 Graph 1 in Figure 13 is obtained from the reaction between 5 g of large marble
chips and 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid.
Graf I dalam Rajah 13 dihasilkan daripada tindak balas antara 5 g ketulan
marmar dan 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik.

Figure 13

Which of the following reaction will produce graph 2?


Manakah antara tindak balas berikut akan menghasilkan graf 2?

A 5 g large marble chips added to 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
5 g ketulan marmar ditambah kepada 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik
B 5 g crushed marble chips added to 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
5 g serbuk marmar ditambah kepada 100 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik
C 5 g large marble chips added to 50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
5 g ketulan marmar ditambah kepada 50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik
D 5 g crushed marble chips added to 50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid
5 g serbuk marmar ditambah kepada 50 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik

45 Compound P undergoes combustion in excess of oxygen to produce carbon


dioxide and water. The equation for the reaction is as follows:
Sebatian P mengalami pembakaran dalam oksigen berlebihan untuk
menghasilkan karbon dioksida dan air. Persamaan tindakbalas adalah seperti
berikut:

P + 3O 2 2CO 2 + 3H 2 O

What is compound P?
Apakah sebatian P?

A C2 H4
B C2 H6
C C 2 H 5 OH
D C 3 H 7 OH

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SULIT 19 4541/1
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46 W is located between magnesium and iron in the reactivity series of metals.
Which oxide cannot be reduced by W?
W terletak di antara magnesium dan besi dalam siri kereaktifan logam.
Oksida manakah tidak boleh diturunkan oleh W ?

A Calcium oxide
B Silver oxide
C Tin(II) oxide
D Copper(II) oxide

47 Which of the following modern medicines is correctly matched?


Antara ubat moden berikut, yang mana satu dipadankan dengan betul?

Type of modern medicine Example


I. Hormone insulin
II. Antibiotic paracetamol
III. Analgesic codeine
IV Psychoterapeutic medicine streptomycin

A I and III only


B III and IV only
C I, II and III only
D IV only

48 Figure 14 shows the energy level diagram for a reaction between zinc and
copper(II) sulphate solution.
Rajah 14 menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas antara zink
dan larutan kuprum(II) sulfat.

Figure 14

Calculate the temperature change when excess zinc is added to 100 cm3 of
0.1 mol dm–3 copper(II) sulphate solution .
Kira perubahan suhu apabila zink berlebihan ditambah kepada 100 cm3 larutan
kuprum(II) sulfat 0.1mol dm –3.
[Specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 J g-1 oC-1]

A 2 oC
B 4o C
C 6o C
D 8o C

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49 The following is a thermochemical equation.
Berikut ialah suatu persamaan termokimia.
HCl + NaOH NaCl + H 2 O ∆H = -57 kJ/mol
Calculate the quantity of heat energy released when 200 cm3 2.0 mol dm-3
hydrochloric acid is added to 300 cm3 2.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution.
Hitung kuantiti haba yang dibebaskan apabila 200 cm3 2.0 mol dm-3 asid
hidroklorik ditambah kepada 300 cm3 2.0 mol dm-3 larutan natrium hidroksida.

A 5.70 kJ
B 11.4 kJ
C 17.1 kJ
D 22.8 kJ

50 Figure 15 shows the results of an experiment to investigate the effect of other


metals on the rusting of iron.
Gambarajah 15 menunjukkan keputusan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan
logam lain ke atas pengaratan besi.

Test tube Procedure Result after 3 days

Iron nail did not rust


P Iron nail in
contact with
coil of metal X

Q Iron nail rusted


Iron nail in
contact with
coil of metal Y

Figure 15

Based on the above result, arrange iron, X and Y in order of increasing


electropositivity.
Berdasarkan keputusan di atas, susun besi, X dan Y mengikut turutan menaik
keelektropositifannya.

A X, iron, Y
B Y, iron, X
C Iron, X, Y
D Iron, Y, X

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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4541/2 http://spmchem.blogspot.com/
CHEMISTRY
Kertas 2
Sept.2009

No.jam
Kad P

No.Kad Pengenalan: ………........…......………............. Angka Giliran: ......……….....

Nama : ………………......…….............……………. Tingkatan: ….....….....……….

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA


SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

CHEMISTRY
Paper 2
Two hours and thirty minutes

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa
dwibahasa.
Markah Markah
Bahagian Soalan
Penuh Diperoleh
2. Soalan dalam Bahasa Inggeris
mendahului soalan yang sepadan 1
dalam Bahasa Melayu. 2

3. Calon dibenarkan menjawab 3


A
keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan 4
sama ada dalam Bahasa Inggeris atau
Bahasa Melayu. 5
6
4. Calon dikehendaki membaca
maklumat di halaman belakang kertas 7
B
soalan ini. 8
9
C
10
Jumlah

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 20 halaman bercetak

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INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

1. This question paper consists of three sections: Sections A, B and C.


Kertas soalan ini mengandungi tiga bahagian: Bahagian A, B dan C.

2. Answer all questions in Section A. Write your answers for Section A in the spaces
provided in the question paper.
Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A. Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian A dalam
ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan

3. Answer one question from Section B and one question from Section C.
Write your answers for Section B and Section C on the `writing paper’ provided by the
invigilators.
Answer questions in Section B and Section C in detail.
You may use equations, diagrams, tables, graphs and other suitable methods to explain
your answer.
Jawab satu soalan daripada Bahagian B dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian C.
Tuliskan jawapan bagi Bahagian B dan Bahagian C pada halaman bergaris di bahagian
akhir kertas soalan ini. Jawab Bahagian B dan Bahagian C dengan terperinci. Anda
boleh menggunakan persamaan, gambar rajah, jadual, graf dan cara lain yang sesuai
untuk menjelaskan jawapan anda

4. Show your working. It may help you to get marks.


Tunjukkan kerja mengira.Ini membantu anda mendapatkan markah.

5. If you wish to change your answer, neatly cross out the answer that you have done. Then
write down the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak membatalkan sesuatu jawapan, buat garisan di atas jawapan itu.

6. The diagrams in the questions are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukiskan mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan

7. Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam
kurungan

8. The time suggested to answer Section A is 90 minutes, Section B is 30 minutes and


Section C is 30 minutes.
Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 90 minit, Bahagian B ialah
30 minit dan Bahagian C ialah 30 minit

9. You may use a non-programmable scientific calculator.


Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan.

10. Hand in your answer sheets at the end of the examination.


Serahkan semua kertas jawapan anda di akhir peperiksaan

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Section A
[60 marks]
Answer all questions
Jawab semua soalan

1 Table 1 shows the proton number and nucleon number for atoms P, Q and R.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton dan nombor nukleon bagi atom P, Q dan R.

Atom Proton number Nucleon number


P 16 32
Q 17 35
R 17 37
Table 1

(a) (i) What is meant by proton number?


Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan nombor proton ?

...............................................................................……………................…
[1 mark]

(ii) What is the number of neutrons in atom Q ?


Apakah bilangan neutron dalam atom Q?

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b) Which atoms are isotopes? Explain your answer.


Atom- atom yang manakah adalah isotop? Terangkan jawapan anda.

.................................................................................................................................

.................................................................................................……………………
[2 marks]

(c) (i) Write the electron arrangement for atom R.


Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom R.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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(ii) Draw the electron arrangement of atom R.


Lukiskan susunan elektron bagi atom R.

[2 marks]

(iii) State the number of valence electrons for atom R.


Nyatakan bilangan elektron valens bagi atom R.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(iv) Write the formula of ion formed from atom R.


Tuliskan formula ion yang terbentuk daripada atom R.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(v) State how the ion in (c)(iv) is formed.


Nyatakan bagaimana ion dalam (c)(iv) terbentuk.

.......................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

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2 Diagram 2 shows the set-up of apparatus for an electrolytic cell.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk satu sel elektrolisis.

Copper(II) nitrate solution

Diagram 2

(a) State the energy change in the cell .


Nyatakan perubahan tenaga dalam sel itu.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(b) Label the anode in the cell.


Labelkan anod dalam sel itu.
[1 mark]

(c) State one observation at the anode.


Nyatakan satu pemerhatian pada anod.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(d) Write the half equation for the reaction that takes place at the anode.
Tuliskan setengah persamaan untuk tindak balas yang berlaku di anod.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(e) State the factor that affects the selective discharge of ions at the cathode of the
cell.
Nyatakan faktor yang mempengaruhi discas secara pilihan ion di katod sel itu.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

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(f) What happens to the colour intensity of the solution in the cell?
Explain your answer.
Apakah yang berlaku kepada keamatan warna larutan dalam sel itu?
Terangkan jawapan anda.

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks]

(g) (i) One of the uses of electrolysis in industry is electroplating of metals.


State another use of electrolysis in industry.
Satu daripada kegunaan elektrolisis dalam industri ialah penyaduran
logam. Nyatakan satu lagi kegunaan elektrolisis dalam industri.

………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(ii) A student wants to electroplate an iron spoon with silver. Draw the
apparatus set-up that will be used by the student.
Seorang pelajar ingin menyadurkan sudu besi dengan argentum.
Lukiskan susunan radas yang akan digunakan oleh pelajar tersebut.

[2 marks]

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3 Table 3 shows two alloys and their components.

Alloy Component
90% copper
Bronze
5% element X
96% tin
Pewter 3% copper
1% antimony
Table 3

(a) Name element X.


Namakan unsur X.

...……………………………………………………….……………………..........
[1 mark]

(b) What type of particle is found in pure copper?


Apakah jenis zarah yang terdapat dalam kuprum tulen?

…………………………………………………………….………………………
[1 mark]

(c) Draw the arrangement of particles in pure copper and in bronze.


Lukiskan susunan zarah yang terdapat dalam kuprum tulen dan gangsa.

(i) Pure copper


Kuprum tulen

[1 mark]

(ii) Bronze
Gangsa

[2 marks]

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(d) Explain why bronze is harder than pure copper.


Terangkan mengapa gangsa lebih keras daripada kuprum tulen.

………………………………………………………………..……………...........

………………………………………………………………..……………...........

………………………………………………………………..……………...........

………………………………………………………………..……………...........
[3 marks]

(e) State two aims of alloying other than hardness.


Nyatakan dua tujuan pengaloian selain daripada kekerasan.

..………………………………………………………..…………….....................
[2 marks]

4 An experiment is carried out to determine the rate of reaction between excess


calcium carbonate and 50.0 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid. The volume of
carbon dioxide gas produced is recorded at 30 seconds intervals. The result obtained
is recorded in Table 4.
Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk menentukan kadar tindak balas antara
50.0 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.2 mol dm-3 dengan kalsium karbonat berlebihan. Isipadi
gas karbon dioksida yang terbebas direkodkan pada setiap 30 saat dalam Jadual 4.

Time/s 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240


Volume/cm3 0 17 29 34 36 36 36 36 36
Table 4

(a) Based on Table 4, draw a graph of volume of carbon dioxide gas against time.
Berdasarkan Jadual 4, lukis graf isipadu gas karbon dioksida melawan masa.
[4 marks]

(b) Calculate the average rate of reaction for this experiment.


Hitungkan kadar tindak balas purata bagi tindak balas ini.
[2 marks]

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(c) If the experiment is repeated by using 50.0 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 hydrochloric
acid, sketch the expected curve in graph (b) .
Jika eksperimen diulangi menggunakan 50.0 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.1 mol dm-3,
lakarkan lengkung yang dijangkakan dalam graf (b).
[2 marks]

(d) The factor that affects the rate of reaction in this experiment is concentration.
State two other factors that can affect the rate of reaction in this experiment.
Faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar tindak balas dalam eksperimen ini ialah
kepekatan. Nyatakan dua lagi faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi kadar tindak
balas eksperimen ini.

………………………………………………………………………………….

………………………………………………………………………………….
[2 marks]

5 Figure 5 shows the set up of the apparatus for an experiment to investigate electron
transfer at a distance.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji
pemindahan elektron pada satu jarak.

Electrode P Electrode Q

Iron (II) sulphate Bromine water


solution

Sulphuric acid

Figure 5

Based on Figure 5, answer the following questions.


Berdasarkan Rajah 5, jawab soalan-soalan berikut.

(a) Draw the flow of electron in Figure 5.


Lukiskan arah aliran elektron dalam Rajah 5.
[1 mark]

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(b) State the function of sulphuric acid.


Nyatakan fungsi asid sulfurik.

……………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(c) State the observations for iron(II) sulphate solution and bromine water.
Nyatakan pemerhatian untuk larutan ferum(II) sulfat dan air bromin.

Solution Observation
Larutan Pemerhatian
Iron(II) sulphate

Bromine water
[2 marks]

(d) Write the half equation for the reactions that occur at electrode P and Q.
Tuliskan setengah persamaan bagi tindak balas yang berlaku pada elektrod P
dan Q

(i) Electrode P : ………………………………………………………………..

(ii) Electrode Q : ………………………………………………………….…….


[2 marks]

(e) State the oxidising agent and the reducing agent.


Nyatakan agen pengoksidaan dan agen penurunan.

(i) Oxidising agent :


Agen pengoksidaan: …………………………………………………………

(ii) Reducing agent:


Agen penurunan……………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

(f) State the change of oxidation number for iron in iron(II) sulphate solution.
Nyatakan perubahan nombor pengoksidaan bagi ferum dalam larutan
ferum(II) sulfat.

……………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

(g) Name one chemical substance that can be used to replace bromine water.
Namakan satu bahan kimia yang boleh digunakan untuk menggantikan air
bromin.

……………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

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6 Structure A and B represent molecules of two common cleaning agents, soap and
detergent.
Struktur A dan B mewakili molekul bagi dua bahan pencuci, sabun dan detergen.

Structure A

Structure B

(a) Name the cleaning agent for


Namakan bahan pencuci bagi

Structure A :………………………………………………………………………

Structure B:………………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]

(b) Soap is prepared by heating a mixture of a strong alkali solution and palm oil.
Sabun disediakan dengan memanaskan satu campuran larutan alkali kuat dan
minyak kelapa sawit.

(i) Name the reaction for preparation of soap.


Namakan tindak balas bagi penyediaan sabun.

…………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(ii) Name one strong alkali used in preparing soap


Namakan satu alkali kuat yang digunakan dalam penyediaan sabun.

…………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

(iii) Name the homologous series to which palm oil belongs to.
Namakan siri homolog bagi kelapa sawit.

…………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

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(c) The statement below is about soap and detergent.


“The cleansing action of a detergent is more effective than soap in hard
water”
Explain the above statement.
Kenyataan berikut adalah berkenaan sabun dan detergen.
“Tindakan pencucian detergen lebih efektif daripada sabun dalam air liat.”
Terangkan kenyataan di atas.

………………..………………………………………………………….………...

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks]

(d) Table 6 shows the functions of three types of medicine.


Jadual 6 menunjukkan fungsi tiga jenis ubat.

Function Type of medicine


Fungsi Jenis ubat
Relieve pain
Mengurangkan kesakitan
Kills or prevent the reproduction of bacteria
Membunuh atau penghalang pertumbuhan bakteria
Changes the emotions and behaviour of the patient
Mengubah emosi dan perlakuan pesakit
Table 6

Complete Table 6 by writing the type of medicine in the spaces provided.


Lengkapkan jadual 6 dengan menulis jenis ubat di ruang yang disediakan.
[3 marks]

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Section B
[ 20 marks ]
Answer any one question.
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan.

7 Figure 7 shows one of the element in the Periodic Table of Elements.


Rajah 7 menunjukkan satu daripada unsur di dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur.

24
12 X

Figure 7

(a) Explain how to determine the position of element X in the Periodic Table of
Elements.
Terangkan bagaimana menentukan kedudukan unsur X dalam Jadual Berkala
Unsur.
[5 marks]

(b) Proton number of lithium and sodium are 3 and 11 respectively.


Explain why lithium is less reactive than sodium.
Nombor proton litium dan natrium ialah 3 dan 11 masing-masing.
Terangkan mengapa litium kurang reaktif daripada natrium.
[5 marks]

(c) Describe an experiment to compare the reactivity of lithium and sodium when
reacted with water.
Your description should also include the observations, the name of products
and chemical equations for the reactions.
Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk membandingkan kereaktifan litium dan
natrium apabila bertindak balas dengan air.
Huraian anda perlu juga mengandungi pemerhatian, nama hasil tindak balas
dan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas yang berlaku.
[10 marks]

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8 Diagram 8 shows information about a hydrocarbon P.


Rajah 8 menunjukkan maklumat berkenaan hidrokarbon P.

 Carbon : 85.7%
 Hydrogen : 14.3 %
 Relative molecular mass : 42
 Relative atomic mass : C=12 ; H=1

Diagram 8

(a) Based on the information given,


Berdasarkan maklumat yang diberikan,

o determine the molecular formula of P.


tentukan formula molekul bagi P.

o draw the structural formula of P.


lukiskan formula struktur P.

o name P.
namakan P.

o write the general formula of P.


tuliskan formula am bagi P.,

[10 marks]
(b) Hydrocarbon P can be converted into hydrocarbon Q by hydrogenation reaction.
Hidrokarbon P boleh ditukarkan kepada hidrokarbon Q melalui tindak balas
penghidrogenan.
(i) Write a chemical reaction for this reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia bagi tindak balas ini.
[1 mark]

(ii) Hydrocarbon P and Q are burnt completely in air. Compare the


sootiness of the flame produced during the reaction. Explain your
answer.
Hidrokarbon P dan Q terbakar dengan lengkap dalam udara.
Bandingkan kejelagaan nyalaan yang terhasil semasa tindak balas ini.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
[6 marks]

(c) Describe briefly how to convert P into an alcohol.


Huraikan secara ringkas bagaimana P boleh ditukarkan kepada satu alkohol.

[3 marks]

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9 Figure 9 shows the symbols which represent three elements W, X and Y.
Rajah 9 menunjukkan simbol yang mewakili tiga unsur W, X dan Y.

12 7 35
6W 3X 17
Y

Figure 9

(a) Elements W and Y react to form a covalent compound, while elements X and Y
react to form an ionic compound.
Unsur W dan unsur Y bertindak balas untuk membentuk sebatian kovalen,
manakala unsur X dan unsur Y bertindak balas untuk membentuk sebatian
ionik.

Describe the formation of the chemical compounds between


Huraikan pembentukan sebatian kimia antara

(i) elements W and Y

(ii) elements X and Y


[16 marks]

(b)
`Ionic compound has higher melting point than covalent compound`
` Sebatian ion mempunyai takat lebur yang lebih tinggi daripada
sebatian kovalen`

Explain the above statement.


Terangkan pernyataan di atas.
[4 marks]

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10 The thermochemical equation for the combustion of butanol is given as follows:


Persamaan termokimia bagi pembakaran butanol adalah seperti berikut.

C 4 H 9 OH + 6O 2  4CO 2 + 5H 2 O ∆H = -2679 kJmol-1

[Relative atomic mass : H=1, C=12, O=16,


specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 Jg-1 oC-1]

(a) Write three interpretations or statements that can be obtained from the above
equation.
Tuliskan tiga interpretasi atau kenyataan yang boleh dibuat dari persamaan di
atas.
[3 marks]

(b) Calculate the mass of butanol that must be burnt to raise the temperature of
400 cm3 of water by 25°C.
Kira jisim butanol yang perlu dibakar untuk menaikkan suhu 400 cm3 air
sebanyak 25°C.
[3 marks]

(c) Describe an experiment to determine the heat of combustion of butanol. Your


answer should include:
Huraikan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan haba pembakaran butanol.
Jawapan anda mestilah mengandungi:

(i) apparatus set-up


susunan radas yang digunakan
[2 marks]

(ii) procedure of the experiment


prosedur eksperimen
[6 marks]

(iii) data obtained from the experiment


data yang diperolehi daripada eksperimen
[2 marks]

(iv) calculation of heat of combustion of butanol.


penghitungan haba pembakaran butanol.
[4 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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SPACE FOR ANSWER

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Section…………………. Question No…………………………..

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Section…………………. Question No…………………………..

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4541/3
CHEMISTRY
Kertas 3
Sept. 2009
1½ jam

No. Kad Pengenalan: ………................…......……….... Angka Giliran: ......……….......

Nama: …….…………......…….............……………. Tingkatan: …….....……........…

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA


SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

CHEMISTRY
Paper 3
One hour and thirty minutes

JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU


1. Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam
dwibahasa.

2. Soalan dalam Bahasa Inggeris Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa


mendahului soalan yang sepadan
dalam Bahasa Melayu. Markah Markah
Soalan
penuh diperoleh
3. Calon dibenarkan menjawab
keseluruhan atau sebahagian soalan 1 18
sama ada dalam Bahasa Inggeris atau
Bahasa Melayu. 2 15

4. Calon dikehendaki membaca 3 17


maklumat di halaman belakang kertas
soalan ini. JUMLAH

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 7 halaman bercetak

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1 A group of students carried out an experiment to investigate the effect of type of electrodes
when aqueous copper(II) chloride solution is electrolysed.

The electrolysis was first carried out by using carbon electrodes.


Both the electrodes were weighed.
Copper(II) chloride solution was electrolysed for 45 minutes.
Then both the carbon electrodes were weighed again.
The experiment was repeated by replacing carbon electrodes with copper electrodes.

Sekumpulan pelajar menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji kesan jenis elektrod apabila
larutan akueus kuprum(II) klorida dielektrolisis.

Elektrolisis dimulakan dengan menggunakan elektrod karbon.


Kedua-dua elektrod karbon itu ditimbang.
Larutan kuprum(II) klorida dielektrolisis selama 45 minit.
Kemudian kedua-dua elektrod karbon ditimbang semula.
Eksperimen itu diulang dengan menggantikan elektrod-elektrod karbon dengan elektrod-
elektrod kuprum.

Diagram 1.1 shows the set-up of apparatus used for the electrolysis of copper(II) chloride
solution using carbon electrodes.
Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi elektrolisis larutan kuprum(II) klorida
menggunakan elektrod-elektrod karbon.

Beginning of the experiment After 45 minutes


Permulaan eksperimen. Selepas 45 minit

A A

Carbon electrodes

Copper(II) chloride solution


(blue in colour)

Diagram 1.1

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Diagram 1.2 shows the set-up of apparatus for the electrolysis of copper(II) chloride
solution using copper electrodes.
Rajah 1.2 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi elektrolisis larutan kuprum(II) klorida
menggunakan elektrod-elektrod kuprum.

Beginning of the experiment After 45 minutes


Permulaan eksperimen. Selepas 45 minit
A A

Copper electrodes

Copper(II) chloride solution


(blue in colour)

Diagram 1.2

(a) Write the observation and inference obtained at the carbon anode and both the
copper electrodes during the electrolysis.
Tuliskan pemerhatian dan inferens yang diperolehi pada anod karbon dan kedua-
dua elektrod kuprum semasa elektrolisis itu.

Type of electrodes Observations Inference


Jenis elektrod Pemerhatian Inferens
Carbon anode
Anod karbon

Copper anode
Anod kuprum

Copper cathode
Katod kuprum

[6 marks]

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(b) Based on the experiment, state


Berdasarkan eksperimen, nyatakan
(i) the manipulated variable.
pemboleh ubah yang dimanipulasikan.

…………………………………………………………………………..………………

(ii) the responding variable.


pemboleh ubah yang bergerak balas.

…………………………………….…………………………………………………….

(iii) the constant variable.


pemboleh ubah yang dimalarkan.

…………………………………………………………………………………………..
[3 marks]
(c) State the hypothesis for the experiment.
Nyatakan hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………
[3 marks]

(d) Based on the experiment in Diagram 1.1, state the colour change of the copper(II)
chloride solution after 45 minutes.
Berdasarkan eksperimen dalam Rajah 1.1,nyatakan perubahan warna larutan
kuprum(II) klorida selepas 45 minit.

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………
[3 marks]

(e) Classify all the ions present in copper(II) chloride solution into cations and anions.
Kelaskan semua ion yang hadir dalam larutan kuprum(II) klorida kepada kation dan
anion.

[3 marks]

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2 A student carried out an experiment to determine the end-point for the titration of 25.0 cm3 of
1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution with 1.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid. Phenolphthalein is
used as the acid-base indicator. Hydrochloric acid is added until the end-point of titration is
reached.
Table 1 shows the three burette readings for the titrations that have been conducted.

Seorang pelajar menjalankan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan takat akhir bagi pentitratan
antara 25 cm3 1.0 mol dm-3 larutan natrium hidroksida dengan 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik.
Fenolftalein digunakan sebagai penunjuk asid – bes. Asid hidroklorik ditambah sehingga takat
akhir pentitratan tercapai.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan tiga bacaan buret bagi pentitratan yang telah dijalankan.

Titration no. I II III

0 13 25

Initial burette
reading 1 14 26

Bacaan awal
burette

2 15 27

……………...... ……………...... ……………......

12 25 38

Final burette 13 26 39
reading

Bacaan akhir
burette
14 27 40

……………...... ……………...... ……………......

Table 1

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(a) Record the burette readings for the three titrations in the spaces provided in Table 1.
Rekodkan bacaan buret untuk ketiga-tiga pentitratan di ruang yang disediakan dalam
Jadual 1
[3 marks]

(b) Construct a table and record the initial burette reading, final burette reading and the volume
of acid used for each titration.
Bina satu jadual dan rekodkan bacaan awal buret, bacaan akhir buret dan isipadu asid yang
digunakan untuk setiap pentitratan.

[3 marks]

(c) Calculate the average volume of hydrochloric acid used in the experiment.
Hitungkan isipadu purata asid hidroklorik yang digunakan dalam eksperimen tersebut.

[3 marks]

(d) If the experiment is repeated by replacing 1.0 mol dm-3 of hydrochloric acid with
1.0 mol dm-3 of sulphuric acid, predict the volume of sulphuric acid needed to reach the end-
point of titration.
Jika eksperimen itu diulang dengan menggantikan 1.0 mol dm-3 asid hidroklorik dengan
1.0 mol dm-3 asid sulfurik, ramalkan isipadu asid sulfurik yang diperlukan untuk mencapai
takat akhir pentitratan.

………………………………………...………………………………………………………..
[3 marks]

(e) Give the operational definition for the end-point of titration.


Beri definisi secara operasi bagi takat akhir pentitratan.

.....................................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

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SULIT 7 4541/37
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3 The equation represents the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.


Persamaan di bawah mewakili tindak balas penguraian hidrogen peroksida.

2H 2 O 2  2H 2 O + O 2

The rate of decomposition of hydrogen peroxide can be increased by adding


manganese(IV) oxide powder which acts as a catalyst.
Plan a laboratory experiment to investigate the effect of catalyst on the decomposition of
hydrogen peroxide.

Kadar penguraian hidrogen peroksida boleh ditingkatkan dengan menambah serbuk


mangan(IV) oksida yang bertindak sebagai mangkin.
Rancang satu eksperimen dalam makmal untuk mengkaji kesan mangkin ke atas kadar
penguraian hidrogen peroksida.

Your planning should include the following:


Perancangan anda hendaklah mengandungi perkara-perkara berikut:

(a) Problem statement


Pernyataan masalah

(b) All the variables


Semua pembolehubah

(c) Statement of the hypothesis


Pernyataan hipotesis

(d) List of substances and apparatus


Senarai bahan dan radas

(e) Procedure of the experiment


Prosedur eksperimen

(f) Tabulation of data


Penjadualan data

[17 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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1
SULIT http://spmchem.blogspot.com/ 4541
4541
CHEMISTRY
Sept. 2009

PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA


SEKOLAH MENENGAH
NEGERI KEDAH DARUL AMAN

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009

MARKING SCHEME
CHEMISTRY PAPER 1,2 & 3

PAPER MARKS
1 50
2 100
3 50
TOTAL 200
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PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN SPM 2009


KEDAH DARUL AMAN
PERATURAN PEMARKAHAN
CHEMISTRY
PAPER MARKS
Paper 1 50
Paper 2 100
Paper 3 50
Total 200

Jumlah markah diskalakan kepada 100%


CHEMISTRY
Paper 1

1 A 26 D
2 B 27 B
3 D 28 C
4 A 29 B
5 B 30 C
6 A 31 A
7 D 32 B
8 B 33 B
9 D 34 C
10 C 35 D
11 D 36 C
12 C 37 D
13 A 38 C
14 C 39 D
15 D 40 A
16 A 41 C
17 B 42 A
18 D 43 B
19 B 44 D
20 A 45 C
21 D 46 A
22 A 47 A
23 B 48 C
24 B 49 D
25 A 50 B
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CHEMISTRY PAPER 2

1. (a) (i) The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom 1


(ii) 18 1
(b) Q and R, 1
Q and R have same number of protons but different number of 1
neutrons/ different nucleon number
(c) (i) 2.8.7 1
(ii)

Number of shells(3) 1
R

Number of electrons 1

(iii) 7 1
(iv) R- 1
(v) Atom R accepts one electron 1
Total 10

2 (a) Electrical energy to chemical energy 1


(b) Refer to the diagram, copper at the left hand side 1
(c) Dissolves//becomes thinner 1
(d) Cu Cu2+ + 2e 1
(e) Position of ion in Electrochemical Series 1
(f) Remains unchanged//same 1
The rate of ionisation at the anode is balanced by the rate of copper(II)
ions discharged at the cathode// Concentration of copper(II) ions in the 1
solution remains unchanged

(g) (i) Extraction of metal / Purification of metal 1


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(ii)

Iron spoon
Silver plate

Silver nitrate
solution

Correct apparatus set-up 1


Correct label 1
Total 10

3 (a) Tin 1

(b) Atom 1

(c) (i) 1

(ii)

Correct drawing 1
Correct label 1

(d) In pure copper, the atoms can slide easily 1


In alloy, tin atoms(foreign atoms) disrupt the orderly arrangement of
copper atoms 1
Layers of atoms cannot slide easily 1
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(e) To increase lustre / to beutify the metal surface / to make decorative 1


/ornaments/shiny
Does not corrode easily//to increase resistance towards corrosion 1

Total 10
4 (a) Labelling of axis is correct 1
Suitable scale 1
Transferring of point is correct 1
Graph is smooth and start from zero 1

(b) 36 1
120

= 0.3 cm3s-1 1
(c)
Volume of gas/cm3
I

11

Time/s

The curve of graph II is less steep than the curve of graph 1. 1


The volume of gas produced in experiment II is half produced in
experiment 1. 1

(d) Temperature 1
Total surface area 1

Total 10

5 (a) From electrode P to electrode Q 1


[show on the diagram] G

(b) To allow movement flow of ions 1

(c) Iron(II) sulphate solution: green to brown 1


Bromine water : brown to colourless 1

(d) (i) Fe2+  Fe3+ + e 1

(ii)Br 2 + 2e  2Br- 1
(e) (i) Bromine water 1
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(ii) Iron(II) ion // Iron(II) sulphate solution//Fe2+//FeSO 4 1

(f) +2 to +3// +2  +3 1
(g) Chlorine water // Acidified potassium manganate(VII) 1
Solution//Acidified potassium dichromate(VI) solution
Total 10

6 (a) A: detergent 1
B: soap 1
(b) (i) saponification 1
(ii) sodium hydroxide / potassium hydroxide 1
(iii) ester 1
(c) Detergent does not form scum (insoluble salt) with the Ca2+ or Mg2+ 1
ions present in the hard water.
Soap forms scum in hard water. 1

(d) analgesic 1
antibiotic 1
psychotherapeutic 1

Total 10
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Section B

7 (a) Electron arrangement of atom X is 2.8.2 1


Atom X has two valence electrons 1
Hence, it is located in Group 2 1
Atom X has three occupied shells//three shells filled with electrons 1
Hence, it is located in Period 3 1
5
(b) Electron arrangement of lithium 2.1 1
Atomic radius of lithium is smaller than sodium//atomic size of
lithium smaller than sodium 1
The distance between the nucleus of lithium and the valence
electrons is shorter /nearer/closer 1
The force of attraction between the nucleus of lithium and the
valence electron is stronger 1
Hence, the valence electron is more difficult to be released 1
5

(c) Procedure
1-A small piece of lithium is cut using a knife 1
2-The oil on the surface of lithium is removed using filter paper 1
3-Lithium is then placed slowly on the surface of water in a
beaker/basin 1
4-The experiment is repeated using sodium 1

Observation
Lithium moves slowly on the surface of water 1
Name of products: lithium hydroxide and hydrogen 1
Sodium moves rapidly/faster/vigorously on the surface of water 1
Name of products: sodium hydroxide and hydrogen 1

Equations
2Li + 2H 2 O  2LiOH + H 2 correct formulae 1
balanced equation 1
or
2Na + 2H 2 O  2NaOH + H 2 10

Total 20
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8 (a)
Elements Carbon Hydrogen
Mass/g 85.7 100- 85.7 = 14.3 1

85.7 14.3 1
No of mole 12 1
= 7.14 =14.3
7.14 = 1 14.3 = 2 1
Mole ratio
7.14 7.14
Empirical 1
CH 2
formula

Molecular formula = (CH 2 ) n 1


Relative molecular mass = (12 + 1x2) n = 42
n =3 1
Molecular formula of P = C 3 H 6 1

structural formula:
H H H
I I I
H–C=C–C–H 1
I
H
propene 1
C n H 2n , n=2,3….. 1
10
(b) (i) C 3 H 6 + H 2  C 3 H 8 1
1
(ii)
P // C 3 H 6 Q // C 3 H 8

Produce more soot Produce less soot 1+1

% of carbon is higher % of carbon is lower 1+1

12x3 x 100 12x3 x 100


42 44

=85.71 % = 81.82 % 1+1


6
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(c) React P with water/steam 1


Temperature 300 oC
Pressure 60 atm any 2 2
Catalyst phosphoric acid 3
Total 20

9 (a) (i) Electron arrangement atom Y is 2.8.7 1


Electron arrangement atom W is 2.4 1
Atom W needs 4 electrons while atom Y needs one electron 1+1
to achieve the stable electron arrangement, 1
Thus, one atom of W shares 4 pairs of electrons with 4 atoms of 1+1
Y// diagram

Y
Y
W

forming a molecule with the formula WY 4 // diagram 1


8
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(ii) Atom X has the electron arrangement 2.1 1


and atom Y has the electron arrangement 2.8.7
One atom of X donates 1 electron to form ion X+ //equation 1+1
to achieve a stable(octet) electron arrangement, 1
X X+ + e

One atom of Y receives an electron to form ion Y- //equation 1+1


Y+e Y-
and achieve a stable (octet) electron arrangement.
Ion X+ and ion Y- are attracted together by the strong 1
(electrostatic) forces to form a compound with the formula XY// 1
diagram 8
+ -

X Y

(b) In ionic compounds, ions are held by strong (electrostatic) forces. 1


High energy is needed to overcome these forces. 1
In covalent compounds, molecules are held by weak (intermolecular)
forces //Van der Waals forces 1
Only a little energy is required to overcome the attractive forces. 1
4
Total 20
10 (a) It is an exothermic reaction 1
2679 kJ of heat is given off when
1 mol of butanol is completely burnt in air 1+1
or
heat of combustion of butanol is 2679 kJmol-1 1+1 3
(b) (i)

Functional with correct apparatus set-up 1


Labeling 1 2
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(ii) 1- A spirit lamp containing butanol was weighed accurately. 1


2- 100 cm3 of water was measured using a measuring cylinder 1
and poured into a metal can.
3- The metal can was placed on a clay-pipe triangle supported 1
by a tripod stand. The initial temperature of the water was
recorded.
4- The spirit lamp was lit and placed below the metal can. 1
5- The can was heated until the temperature of the water rose by 1
about 50 oC.
6- The fire was put off and the final temperature of the water 1
recorded.
7- The spirit lamp was reweighed. 1
Max 6
(iii) Rise in temperature is (t 2 – t 1 ) = T oC 1
Mass of butanol burnt is (m 1 – m 2 ) = M gram 1
2
(iv) 1- Heat given out during reaction is mcӨ = (100)(4.2)(T) Joule 1
= 420T Joule
2- M gram of C 4 H 9 OH burnt releases 420T J of heat. 1
Therefore 1 mole of butanol, (74 g) burnt will release
74 x 420T kJ of heat
M x 1000
= 31.08 T kJ 1
Heat of combustion of butanol= - 31.08 T kJmol-1 1
M 4
(c) Heat absorbed by water , Q = mcӨ
= 400 x 4.2 x 25 J = 42000J 1
ΔH = Q/n
n = Q/ΔH 1
= 42/2679 = 0.016 mol
Mass of butanol = 0.016 x 74
=1.16 g 1 3
Total 20
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CHEMISTRY PAPER 3

Question No.
Rubric Score
1 (a) Able to write all observations and corresponding inferences 6
correctly.

Sample Answer:

Electrode Observation Inference


Mass/size of anode does not Chlorine
Carbon change // bubbles of gas are gas is
anode released//effervescence released

Copper Mass/size of anode decreases // Copper(II)


anode anode becomes thinner ion is
formed
Copper Mass/size of cathode Copper is
cathode increases/becomes thicker // formed
cathode becomes
thicker//Brown solid is
deposited/formed.
Able to write all observations and two corresponding 5
inferences correctly
Able to write all observations and one corresponding 4
inference correctly// two observations and two
corresponding inferences correctly
Able to write two observations and one corresponding 3
inference correctly// Able to write three observations
correctly without any inference.
Able to write one observation and corresponding inference 2
correctly. Able to write two observations correctly without
any inference.
Able to write any one observation correctly. 1
No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
1 (b) Able to state the three variables correctly. 3

Sample Answer:
Manipulated variable: Types of electrodes.
Responding variable: Product at the anodes
Constant variable: Electrolyte// Copper(II) chloride solution
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Able to state any two variables correctly 2


Able to state any one variable correctly 1
No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
1(c) Able to write the hypothesis correctly with direction 3

Sample answer:
Carbon anode produces oxygen gas while copper anode
dissolves/produces copper(II) ion.

Able to write the hypothesis without direction 2

Sample answer:
Carbon anode produces different product compared to
copper anode.

Able to give an idea about hypothesis. 1


Sample answer:
Different types of anode produces different substances

No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
1 (d) Able to state the colour change in copper(II) chloride 3
solution accurately after 45 minutes.

Sample answer:
The blue colour of copper(II) chloride solution becomes light
blue/ paler // The intensity of blue copper(II) chloride
solution decreases. [Reject colourless]

Able to describe the change in copper(II) chloride solution 2


less correctly after 45 minutes.

Sample answer:
The colour of copper(II) chloride solution becomes paler //
The intensity of copper(II) chloride solution decreases.

Able to give any idea of the changes in copper(II) chloride 1


solution after 45 minutes.

Sample answer:
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Light blue

No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
1 (e) Able to classify all the ions present in the copper(II) chloride 3
solution accurately.

Sample answer:
Positive ion: Copper(II) ion / Cu2+ and hydrogen ion / H+
Negative ion: hydroxide ion / OH- and chloride ion / Cl-

Able to classify any three ions in the copper(II) chloride 2


solution correctly.

Able to classify any two ions in the copper(II) chloride 1


solution correctly.

No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
2(a) Able to record all the volumes with units accurately. 3

Initial burette readings: 0.80 cm3, 13.40 cm3, 25.90 cm3


Final burette readings : 13.40 cm3, 25.90 cm3, 38.40 cm3
Able to record all the volumes accurately but without units / 2
one decimal place.

Initial burette readings: 0.8, 13.4, 25.9


Final burette readings : 13.4, 25.9, 38.4
Able to write at least four readings of the volumes 1
accurately.
No response or wrong response 0
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Question No.
Rubric Score
2(b) Able to construct a table correctly containing three labelled 3
columns with correct units and record all the burette
readings and volume of acids used accurately.
Suggested answer:

Titration No. I II II
Initial burette 0.80 13.40 25.90
reading/cm3
Final burette 13.40 25.90 38.40
reading/cm3
Volume of acid 12.60 12.50 12.50
used/cm3
[Able to construct a table correctly containing three labelled 2
columns without units/one decimal place and record all the
volumes accurately]
[Able to construct a table with at least three labels and four 1
correct readings]
No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
2(c) Able to calculate the average volume of acid used correctly 3
and with unit
Suggested answer:
Volume of acid used = 12.6 + 12.5 + 12.5
3
= 12.5 cm3
Able to calculate the average volume correctly but without 2
unit.
Able to show the calculation of average volume of acid used 1
but incorrect answer
No response or wrong response 0

Question No.
Rubric Score
2(d) [Able to state the volume correctly] 3
6.25 cm3
Able to state the volume but to one decimal place 2
6.3 cm3// [6.0 – 7.0] cm3
Able to state the volume but inaccurately 1
12.5 cm3//25.0 cm3
No response or wrong response 0
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Question No.
Rubric Score
2(e) Able to state operational definition correctly. 3
Sample answer:
A point at which pink colour of the phenolphthalein in the solution
turns colourless when acid is added.

Able to state operational definition less correctly. 2


Sample answer:
A point at which the phenolphthalein in the solution changes
colour when acid is added.

Able to give an idea for operational definition. 1


Sample answer:
The colour of the solution changes.
No response or wrong response 0
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Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(a) [Able to write the problem statement of the experiment accurately.]

Sample answer: 3
How does a catalyst affect the rate of reaction?
** [If aim is given, award score 2].
[Able to write the problem statement of the experiment correctly.]

Sample answer: 2
Does a catalyst affect the rate of reaction?

[Able to write a relevant idea about the problem statement of the


experiment//Able to write aim of experiment correctly.]

Sample answer: 1
Catalyst affects the rate of reaction . //
Manganese(IV) oxide affects the rate of decomposition of
hydrogen peroxide.
[No response given or wrong response]
0

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(b) [Able to state the three variables correctly.]

Sample answer:
Manipulated variable : Presence of manganese(IV) oxide

Responding variable : Rate of Reaction 3

Constant variable : Concentration and volume of hydrogen


peroxide solution // temperature of hydrogen
peroxide solution.

[Able to state any two variables correctly.] 2

[Able to state only one variable correctly.] 1

[No response given or wrong response] 0


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Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(c) [Able to state the relationship correctly between the manipulated
variable and the responding variable with direction]
Suggested answer: 3

Catalyst/ manganese(IV) oxide increases the rate of reaction.

[Able to state the relationship between the manipulated variable


and the responding variable .]

Sample answer: 2
Catalyst / Manganese (IV) oxide changes the decomposition of
hydrogen peroxide.

[Able to state the idea of hypothesis]

Sample answer: 1
Catalyst/ manganese(IV) oxide affects the rate of reaction.

[No response given or wrong response] 0

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(d) ** [Able to state complete list of substances and apparatus.]

Sample answer:
Substances: 20-volume hydrogen peroxide solution,
3
manganese(IV) oxide powder.
Apparatus: test tube, wooden splinter, test tube rack, spatula,
10cm3 measuring cylinder.

[Able to state all substances, test tube, wooden splinter and


2
measuring cylinder correctly.]
[Able to state all substances, test tube, wooden splinter correctly} 1

[No response given or wrong response] 0


j2kk

19
http://spmchem.blogspot.com/

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(e) ** [Able to list all the steps in the procedure correctly]
Suggested answer:
1. Label two test tubes as A and B.
2. Measure 5 cm3 of 20-volume hydrogen peroxide and pour it
into test tube A. Repeat the same procedure for test tube B.
3. Add one spatula of manganese(IV) oxide powder into test 3
tube B.
4. Shake the two test tubes and place them in a test tube rack.
5. Immediately hold a glowing wooden splinter separately at
the open edge of each of the test tubes.
6. Observe and record the changes.

[Able to list down Steps 2, 3 and 5.] 2

[Able to list down steps 2, 5] 1

[No response given or wrong response] 0

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(f) ** [Able to tabulate the data with the following aspects]
1. Correct titles
2. Label of test tubes

Sample answer: 2
Test tube Observation
A
B
[Able to construct a table with at least the title]

Test tube Observation


1

[No response given or wrong response] 0


j2kk

20
http://spmchem.blogspot.com/

Alternative answer for 3(d), 3(e) and 3(f).

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(d) [Able to state complete list of substances and apparatus.]

Sample answer:
Substances: [10- 20-volume] hydrogen peroxide solution,
manganese(IV) oxide powder, water. 3
Apparatus: 50cm3 measuring cylinder, 100 cm3 conical flask,
basin, delivery tube, burette, retort stand with clamp,
stop watch.

[Able to state all substances, conical flask, delivery tube, basin,


2
burette and stop watch correctly.]
[Able to state all substances, conical flask, basin, burette and stop 1
watch correctly}
[No response given or wrong response] 0

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(e) [Able to list all the steps in the procedure correctly]
Suggested answer:
1. A burette is filled with water until it is full and then inverted
into a basin of water. The burette is clamped onto a retort
stand.
2. The meniscus of the water in the burette is adjusted to a
reading of 50cm3. It is recorded as the initial burette
reading.
3. (50- 100 cm3) of [10- 20-volume] hydrogen peroxide
solution is measured and poured into a conical flask. 3
4. 0.5 – 2.0 g manganese(IV) oxide is added into the conical
flask.
5. The conical flask is immediately stoppered and the
stopwatch is started.
6. The conical flask is shaken throughout the experiment.
7. The volume of gas collected in the burette is recorded at
intervals of 30 seconds.
8. Repeat the experiment without adding the manganese(IV)
oxide powder.

[Able to list down Steps 1,3,4,5,7,8]


2
[Able to list down steps 3,4,5.7] 1
[No response given or wrong response] 0
j2kk

21
http://spmchem.blogspot.com/

Question Explanation Maximum


score
3(f) [Able to tabulate the data with the following aspects]
1. Correct titles and units
2. Time

Sample answer:
2
Time/s 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 210 240
Burette
reading/cm3
Volume of
gas/cm3
[Able to construct a table with at least the title]

Time
Burette reading 1
Volume of gas

0
[No response given or wrong response]

END OF MARKING SCHEME