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What are two sides of the death penalty? Is it a cruel murderer or a just punishment? Can it be a deterrent to crime?

Before going to the argument about death penalty first of all we all should know that what is death penalty, the meaning f death penalty is given below; What is Death Penalty? Death penalty, also called capital punishment, is when a government or state executes (kills) someone, usually because he or she has done a serious crime, such as murder. Executions in most countries have become rarer in recent centuries. The death penalty is a disputed and controversial topic. About one third of the countries in the world have laws that allow the death penalty. The United States, The People's Republic of China, Japan and Iran are examples of countries that have a death penalty. Canada, Australia, Mexico and all members of Council of Europe are examples of countries that have abolished the death penalty. Over half the countries in the world have gotten rid of the death penalty in law and practice: 75 countries have gotten rid of the capital punishment for all crimes and another 20 can be considered abolitionist in practice. The latter retain the death penalty in law but have not carried out any executions for the past 10 years or more. Most of the countries that have a death penalty use it on murderers, and for other serious crimes such as rape or terrorism. Other countries especially ones with Authoritarian or Totalitarian governments, however, also use it for smaller crimes like theft, or for saying bad things about the government.

Arguments Against And For The Death Penalty

Against
1) It Teaches the Condemned Nothing

What is the purpose of punishment? We take our lead from one major source, our parents and they no doubt took their lead from their own parents. When your young child emulates what he just saw in a Rambo movie, you give him a stern lecture about what is real and what is not, what is acceptable in real life and what is not. When your child tries some crazy acrobatic move off a piece of furniture and hurts himself, you might spank him to be sure that he remembers never to do it again. So when the child grows up, breaks into a home, and steals electronics, he gets caught and goes to prison. His time in prison is meant to deprive him of the freedom to go where he wants anywhere in the world, and to do what he wants when he wants. This is the punishment, and most people do learn from it. In general, no one wants to go back. But if that child grows up and murders someone for their wallet or just for fun, and they are in turn put to death, they are taught precisely nothing, because they are no longer alive to learn from it. We cannot rehabilitate a person by killing him or her.

2) It Does Not Dissuade

If the foreknowledge of any punishment is meant to dissuade the criminal from committing the crime, why do people still murder others? The US had a 2012 murder rate of 4.8 victims per 100,000meaning that nearly 15,000 people were victims of homicide that year. Capital punishment does not appear to be doing its job; it doesnt seem to be changing every criminals mind about killing innocent people. If it does not dissuade, then it serves no purpose. The warning of life in prison without parole must equally dissuade criminals.

3) It Is Hypocritical

It is strange that a nation would denounce the practice of murder by committing the very same act. By doing so, were essentially championing the right to life by taking it from others. True as a whole, we are not murderers, and understandably refuse to be placed in the same category as someone like Ted Bundy. But to many opponents of the death penalty, even Ted Bundy should have been given life without parole. The fact that he murdered at least thirty peoplefor the mere reason that he enjoyed doing ithas no bearing on the hypocrisy, the flagrant dishonesty, of the declaration that such a person deserves to be killed because he had no right to kill. If the goal of any punishment, as stated above, is to teach us those things we should not do, then the justice system should more adequately teach the criminality of killing by refusing to partake in it.

4) It Is Always Cruel

In the end, though, death is always at least a little painful. Perhaps the only truly peaceful way to go is while asleepbut no one has ever come back to say that this didnt hurt. If your heart stops while you sleep, it is certainly possible that your brain will recognize a problem and wake you up at the very moment when it is too late. So what we cannot help but let Nature do, we ought not to force on others for any reason. If we do so, it might be fair to say that we lawabiding people, who embody the justice system, are guilty of equal cruelty towards criminals who commit murder. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, for one, dictates that no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degra ding treatment

or punishment.In the US, there are five legal methods of execution: lethal injection, electrocution, firing squad, hanging, and gassing. These are all intended to be as painless as possible, but they all run the risk of accidents. John Wayne Gacy, who was not afraid of death, was executed via lethal injectionthe most efficient, risk-free method. Yet his death did not go as planned. The sodium thiopental entered his bloodstream successfully and put him to sleep. The pancuronium bromide was then administered successfully to paralyze his diaphragm. This would cause asphyxiation if the next chemical, potassium chloride, were not immediately administered to stop the heart. But the potassium chloride had congealed in its tube before Gacy was brought into the room. He was unconscious and unable to breathe for several minutes while the last drugs tube was changed. His death took eighteen minutes, instead of the usual seven. And whether or not he was in great pain is impossible to determine.

5) Prison Is Hell on Earth

Consider a pedophile that kills an infant girl by raping her. There is an unwritten code of honor in prisons that virtually requires inmates to kill such offenders. Probably half of Americas prisoners were in some way abused as children, and harbor a seething hatred for those who abuse children. The murdering pedophile is given the death penalty, but will probably spend ten years beforehand in prison. He will most likely be housed in solitary confinement for his own protection, but there are frequently holes in such protection, and the inmates may find their way to him. And if this happens, pedophiles are often gang-raped,

castrated, beaten to death, stabbed, and sometimes even beheaded before guards who may deliberately ignore the scenecan save them. Most prisoners consider each other to be in the same predicament, and treat each other quite well in general. But they are still in prison, and despair about their lack of freedom. What is life like for Zacarias Moussaoui, the member of the September 11 hijacking teams who got caught a month before the attack? A single juror saved him from death. He has, since 2006, been incarcerated for twenty-three hours per day in a tiny concrete cell, with one hour of daily exercise in an empty concrete swimming pool; he has no access to other inmates, and only rare contact with guards, who say nothing to him; he can see nothing of the outside world except a tiny sliver of skyand his will be his life. Capital punishment is an unnecessary threat.

For
1) It is the Ultimate Warning

Nevertheless, if would-be criminals know undoubtedly that they will be put to death should they murder with premeditation, very many of them are much less inclined to commit murder. Whether or not would-be criminals are wary of committing the worst crime is an important and probably impossiblequestion to answer. Murder still happens very frequently. So some criminals disregard this warning for various reasons. But the fact does remain that many criminals who ride the fence on committing murder ultimately decide to spare the victims life. In a larger sense, capital punishment is the ultimate warning against all crimes. If the criminal knows that the justice system will not stop at putting him to death, then the system appears more draconian to him. Hence, he is less inclined to break and enter. He may have no intention of killing anyone in the process of robbing them, but is much more apprehensive about the possibility if he knows he will be executed. Thus, there is a better chance that he will not break and enter in the first place.

2) It Provides Closure for Victims

There are many victims of a single murder. The criminal gets caught, tried, and convicted, and it is understood that the punishment will be severe. But the person he has killed no longer has a part to play in this. Unfortunately, the murderer has deprived his family and friends of a loved one. Their grief begins with the murder. It may not end with the murderers execution, but the execution does engender a feeling of relief at no longer having to think about the ordeala feeling which often fails to arise while the murderer still lives on. A system in place for the purpose of granting justice cannot do so for the surviving victims, unless the murderer himself is put to death.

3) It Is All That Would-be Criminals Fear

If you read about Bundys life in prison, waiting nine years for his execution, you will see that the man exhausted every single legal point he and his lawyers could think of, all in an attempt to spare him execution. He defended himself in prison interviews by blaming pornography for causing his uncontrollable teenage libido, and for causing him to think of women as objects and not humans. He attempted to have his death sentence commuted to life without parole by explaining that it was all pornographys fault, and that had it never existed, he would have been a good person. When that didnt work, he pretended to come clean and tell police where the bodies of unfound victims were, so that their families could have closure. He never once admitted that he was a bad person, and just before his execution, he claimed that he hadnt done anything wrong. It was obvious that he feared being put to death. He did his best to avert it. This means that he did not fear life in prison at least not as much as he feared capital punishment. He had many opportunities to kill himself in his cell, but he did not. He might have done it a month before his execution, when all hope for clemency was gone but he was afraid of death. How many would-be murderers have turned away at the last second purely out of fear of the executioners needle?

4) It Is Not Always Cruel

Its true that cruelty should not be legally toleratedand the five methods listed above are very efficient in killing the condemned before he or she is able to feel it. Granted, we are not able to ask the dead whether or not they felt their necks snap, or the chemicals burn inside thembut

modern American executions very rarely go awry. It does happen, but the reported accidents since 1976 number about ten nationwide, out of 1,328.When the condemned is fastened into the electric chair, one of the conductors is strapped securely around the head with the bare metal flush against the shaved and wet scalp. This permits the electricity to be conducted directly into the brain, shutting it off more quickly than the brain can register pain. Hanging causes death by snapping the neck of the condemned around the second vertebrae instantly shutting off the brains ability to communicate with the rest of the body, and causing the heart to stop within seconds. The firing squad involves five men shooting the heart of the condemned with high-powered rifles. The heart is completely destroyed and unconsciousness follows within seconds. The gas chamber is now no longer forced on the condemned, because it frequently appeared to cause more pain than was expected or acceptable. The gas is usually hydrogen cyanide, which inhibits mitochondrial respiration in every cell of the entire body, theoretically shutting off the brain like a light switch. But it requires that the condemned breathe deeply.

5) It Is the Best Answer to Murder

The justice system basically attempts to mete out punishment that fits the crime. Severe crimes result in imprisonment. Petty larceny is not treated with the severity that is meted to grand theft auto, and the latter, consequently, receives more time in prison. So if severe but non-lethalviolence toward another is found deserving of life without parole, then why premeditated homicide should be given the very same punishment? This fact might induce a

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would-be criminal to go ahead and kill the victim he has already mugged and crippled. Why would it matter, after all? His sentence could not get any worse. If murder is the willful deprivation of a victims right to life, then the justice systems willful deprivation of the criminals right to the same iseven if overly severea punishment which fits the most severe crime that can be committed. Without capital punishment, it could be argued that the justice system makes no provision in response to the crime of murder, and thus provides no justice for the victim. Facts of Death Penalty There are many reasons the death penalty should be abolished. It is a complex issue and it is difficult to point to any single fact or argument as the most important. 1) Executions are carried out at staggering cost to taxpayers. It costs far more to execute a person than to keep him or her in prison for life. A 2011 study found that California has spent more than $4 billion on capital punishment since it was reinstated in 1978 and that death penalty trials are 20 times more expensive than trials seeking a sentence of life in prison without possibility of parole. California currently spends $184 million on the death penalty each year and is on track to spend $1 billion in the next five years. 2) There is no credible evidence that capital punishment deters crime. Scientific studies have consistently failed to demonstrate that executions deter people from committing crime anymore than long prison sentences. Moreover, states without the death penalty have much lower murder rates. The South accounts for 80% of US executions and has the highest regional murder rate. 3) Innocent people have been convicted and executed. The wrongful execution of an innocent person is an injustice that can never be rectified. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty, 142 men and women have been released from Death Row nationally....some only minutes away from execution. Moreover, in the past two years evidence has come to light which indicates that four men may have been wrongfully EXECUTED

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in recent years for crimes they did not commit. This error rate is simply appalling, and completely unacceptable, when we are talking about life and death. 4) Race plays a role in determining who lives and who dies. The race of the victim and the race of the defendant in capital cases are major factors in determining who is sentenced to die in this country. In 1990 a report from the General Accounting Office concluded that "in 82 percent of the studies [reviewed], race of the victim was found to influence the likelihood of being charged with capital murder or receiving the death penalty, i.e. those who murdered whites were more likely to be sentenced to death than those who murdered blacks." 5) The death penalty is applied at random. Politics, quality of legal counsel and the jurisdiction where a crime is committed are more often the determining factors in a death penalty case than the facts of the crime itself. The death penalty is a lethal lottery: of the 22,000 homicides committed every year approximately 100 people or less are sentenced to death. 6) Capital punishment goes against almost every religion. Although isolated passages of religious scripture have been quoted in support of the death penalty, almost all religious groups in the United States regard executions as immoral. 7) The USA is keeping company with notorious human rights abusers. The vast majority of countries in Western Europe, North America and South America more than 140 nations worldwide have abandoned capital punishment in law or in practice. The United States remains in the same company as Iraq, Iran and China as one of the major advocates and users of capital punishment.

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8) Millions Currently spent on the death penalty could be used to assist the families of murder victims. Many family members who have lost love ones to murder feel that the death penalty will not heal their wounds nor will it end their pain; the extended process prior to executions can prolong the agony experienced by the family. Funds now being used for the costly process of executions could be used to help families put their lives back together through counseling, restitution, crime victim hotlines, and other services addressing their needs. 9) Bad Lawyers are a Persistent Problem in Capital Cases Perhaps the most important factor in determining whether a defendant will receive the death penalty is the quality of the representation he or she is provided. Almost all defendants in capital cases cannot afford their own attorneys. In many cases, the appointed attorneys are overworked, underpaid, or lacking the trial experience required for death penalty cases. There have even been instances in which lawyers appointed to a death case were so inexperienced that they were completely unprepared for the sentencing phase of the trial. Other appointed attorneys have slept through parts of the trial, or arrived at the court under the influence of alcohol. 10) Life without Parole is a Sensible Alternative to the Death Penalty In every state that retains the death penalty, jurors have the option of sentencing convicted capital murderers to life in prison without the possibility of parole. The sentence is cheaper to tax-payers and keeps violent offenders off the streets for good. Unlike the death penalty, a sentence of Life without Parole also allows mistakes to be corrected. There are currently over 3,300 people in California who have received this alternative sentence, which also has a more limited appeals process last approximately 3 years. According to the California Governor's Office, only seven people sentenced to life without parole have been released since the state provided for this option in 1977, and this occurred because they were able to prove their innocence.

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Is Death Penalty a cruel murderer or a just punishment?


Beside teenage pregnant, bribery, education and so on, death penalty is also a controversial issue in society. While many people argue that the death penalty intends to a cruel murder, others say this penalty is a just punishment. In my opinion, I strongly in favor of the death penalty, because it can deterrent to crime and save innocent lives. Firstly; death penalty is vital to protect innocent victims. The highest punishment for a murderer or convicted felon of government by death could save thousands of victims. That is because of death penalty can prevent murderer from never committing another crime again on any person's right to live. According to a study found that of 11,404 people originally convicted of homicide and released during 1965 and 1973, 34 were returned to prison for homicide during the first year alone. Therefore; to protect others government need to eliminate those who are murderers. Then our environment will be safer and victims who are at stake can live much more comfortable. Secondly; most people have a natural fear of death. Thus the death penalty, as a result of showing power of government, can deterrent to crime. If no murderer is executed, do you think that the homicide will be very grateful for humanity of law? Is harsh law enough for "willful murderer"? Or they take advantage of legislation to committing crime? As a result; they will continue murdering and getting money from killing innocent lives without being afraid of offending by executing. Maybe capital punishment is not absoluately effective, but at least can warn "willful murderer" or "felonry" to ponder on his behavior. Nevertheless; argue against capital punishment believe that the death penalty is ultimate cruel and inhuman murderer. They support that death penalty is just a degrading punishment by the name of justice, and it deny the rights to human life. I understand their argument. A life is sacred. And a murderer is a person. Perhaps many homicides are forced murdering, by social pressure, by circumstances. However; they cannot deprive life of innocent lives just for themselves. According to Lori Ornellas essay, she told a story about a 62 year-old grand, Betty Beet, was pleading for life after murdering the forth husbands. And when she got out of prison early, she murdered the fifth husband and buried him in her backyard. Is it human? Can we have humane treatment with this

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kind of person? If no one murder, no one is executed. Thus homicide or convicted felon must pay for his cruel action by his own life. In conclusion; I strongly agree with death penalty. It is a just not unjust punishment to murderer and cool-blooded killer. Above all, death penalty guarantee for justice in society and save innocent lives.

Can Death Penalty be a deterrent to crime?


Society has always used punishment to discourage would-be criminals from unlawful action. Since society has the highest interest in preventing murder, it should use the strongest punishment available to deter murder, and that is the death penalty. If murderers are sentenced to death and executed, potential murderers will think twice before killing for fear of losing their own life. Moreover, even if some studies regarding deterrence are inconclusive, that is only because the death penalty is rarely used and takes years before an execution is actually carried out. Punishments which are swift and sure are the best deterrent. The fact that some states or countries which do not use the death penalty have lower murder rates than jurisdictions which do is not evidence of the failure of deterrence. States with high murder rates would have even higher rates if they did not use the death penalty. Finally, the death penalty certainly "deters" the murderer who is executed. Strictly speaking, this is a form of incapacitation, similar to the way a robber put in prison is prevented from robbing on the streets. Vicious murderers must be killed to prevent them from murdering again, either in prison, or in society if they should get out. Both as a deterrent and as a form of permanent incapacitation, the death penalty helps to prevent future crime.

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References
1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capital_punishment 2) http://listverse.com/2013/06/01/5-arguments-for-and-against-the-death-penalty/ 3) http://deathpenalty.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=002000 4) http://www.deathpenalty.org/section.php?id=13 5) http://www.amnestyusa.org/our-work/issues/death-penalty/us-death-penalty-facts 6) http://www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty/myths-facts/facts 7) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/13/130412-death-penalty-capital-punishmentculture-amnesty-international/ 8) http://www.amnesty.org/en/death-penalty/myths-facts 9) http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/history-death-penalty 10) http://www.crimemuseum.org/library/execution/originsOfCapitalPunishment.html

My Future Plan
Hello this is Pappu Saha, student of University of Information & Technology Science (UITS). Here I am completing my graduation that is BBA. I often wonder about my future. The number one question on my mind is which profession should I choose? It is very hard to make any definite choices, because I know they will affect me for the rest of my life. I want a profession that will satisfy me, challenge me, and bring me joy. I believe that a job should be like a hobby. I want to love my work, and know that I am making a difference in this world by helping other people. I am personally interested in becoming a Banker; however, there are many different career opportunities. You can work in manufacturing, service, agriculture or business. Everyone has to decide which path is best for him or herself, once they finish their study life. So after finishing my Graduation I will join for the MBA program & then after completing my MBA program I will try my level best to join in a Bank to fulfill my dream.

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