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## Most Important Bits of Physics 1. MEASURMENT OF LENGTH

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Screw gauge works on the principle of _________ The distance between two successive threads of a screw is known as ____ If the Zeroth division of head scale is below the index line, then the error is said to be ________ If the zeroth division of head scale is above the index line, then the error is said to be ______ The distance traveled by the tip of a screw for one completes rotation of its head is called the _____________ Screw gauge consists of ________ scale and _______ scale. The formula to find the least count of the screw gauge is _________ The scale marked on the index line of the screw gauge is known as _______ The pitch of the screw when the tip of the screw advances 5mm for 5 complete rotations is _______ When a screwgauge of least count 0.01mm is used to find the diameter of a nail, the PSRis 1.5mm, HSR is 18, then the diameter of the nail is ________ 2. 5. 8. ANSWERS Pitch of the screw Pitch of the screw Pitch scale 3. 6. 9. Positive zero error Head, Pitch 1mm

Screw in a nut Negative zero error Pitch of the screw No. of head scale divisions 10. 1.68mm 1. 4. 7.

## 2. OUR UNIVERSE AND GRAVITATION

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. According to Kepplers concept, the orbit of a planet around the sun is ____ Weight of a stone of mass 400gm is ___________ Ptolemic theory is also known as __________ Copernican theory is also known as ___________ Units of Gravitational constant (G) are ___________ Units of acceleration due to gravity (g) ____________ Mass of an object is ____________ everywhere in universe Sensitive instruments used to measure the small changes in the value of g at a given location are __________ The numerical value of G is ___________ Radius of earth _______________ MATCHING GROUP A 1. 2. 3.. 4. 5. 6. 7 Mass of earth ( Distance between the earth and the moon The value of G The value of g on earth Radius of the earth Geocentric theory Heliocentric theory ( ( ( ( ( ( E A D B C G I ) ) ) ) ) ) ) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) GROUP B 5 3.85x10 k.m. 9.8m/sec2 6.4x106m 6.67x10-11Nm2/Kg2 6x1024Kg ma Ptolemy

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8 9 force F= g= ( ( F H ) ) H) I) GM/r2 Copernicus

ANSWERS 1. Elliptical 2. 3.92N 6. m/sec2 5. Nm2Kg-2 9. 6.67x10-11Nm2/Kg2 3. Geocentric Theory 7. Constant 10. 6.4x106m 4. Heliocentric theory 8. Gravitymeters

3. KINEMATICS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Initial velocity of a freely falling body is _________ The maximum height reached by a vertically projected body is ________ Time of ascent is directly proportional to ________ The time taken by a vertically projected body to reach its maximum height is known as _____ Velocity of a stone on reaching the ground when it is dropped from a height of 19.6m is (g = 9.8m/sec2 ) __________ 6. A ball is thrown up and attains a maximum height of 80m. Its initial velocity is (g = 10m/sec2) ____ 7. A stone is dropped from the top of a building and is found to reach the ground in 1sec. The height of the building is (g = 10m/sec2) __________ 8. The sum of time of ascent and time of descent is known as _________ 9. When a body is projected upwards the acceleration due to gravity is taken as ___ 10. When a body is moving towards the earth, acceleration due to gravity is taken as ___

ANSWERS 1. 0 6. 40m/sec 2. H = u2/2g 3. Initial velocity 4. Time of ascent 5. 19.6m 7. 5m 8. time of flight 9. Negative 10. Positive

4. DYNAMICS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A car of mass 1200Kg takes a turn of a curved road of radius 180m with a speed of 6m/sec. The centripetal force acting on the car is ___________ A car moves on a curved but leveled road. The necessary centripetal force on the car is provided by ____________ In a uniform circular motion ___________ is constant Circular motion is a special case of _____________ motion. If the string of whirling stone is cut, the stone moves in _________ direction

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6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Centre seeking force is called ___________________ Newtons laws are valid in _______________ frame of reference In a SHM, the acceleration of the particle is directly proportional to _______ Any motion that repeats itself along the same path in equal intervals of time is called _________ A body executing oscillatory motion comes to rest at __________ If a particle in periodic motion moves back and forth over the same path, its motion is called ___________ Angular momentum L = ______ The relation between angular velocity and linear velocity is A __________ is a body orbiting around another body of larger mass. Units of angular velocity __________ MATCHING 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Angular displacement Angular velocity Fictious force. Banking angle Centre seeking force ( ( ( ( ( B C A E D ) ) ) ) ) A) B) C) D) E) Centrifugal force. Radian. Radian/Sec. Centripetal force. Banking of roads.

ANSWERS 1. 240 N 2. Friction between tyres and road 3. Angular velocity 4. Rotatory motion 5. Tangential direction 6. Centripetal force 7. Inertial 8. Displacement 9. Periodic motion 10. Equilibrium point or mean position 11. Oscillatory or vibratory motion 12. mr2 13. V = r 14. Satellite 15. Radian/sec

## 5. ELECTRO MAGNETIC SPECTRUM

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Group of frequencies or wave lengths is known as ____________ ___________ are used in RADAR Treatment using x rays is called ___________ All electro magnetic radiations are ____________ in nature ___________ are used to take photographs in darkness Infrared rays are absorbed by _________________ glass Mapping of the radio emissions from extra/terrestrial sources is known as ___ Expand RADAR ________ _________________ rays are used In physiotherapy Diagnosis using x rays is known as ___________

MATCHING

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Visible spectrum Infra red spectrum Micro waves Radio Waves. U.V.Spectrum Xrays Gamma rays ( ( ( ( ( ( ( E F G B D C A ) ) ) ) ) ) ) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) 0.001Ao----1Ao 1 metre ---- 100 k.m. 0.01Ao ---100Ao 0.4m -----1 N.m 0.4m ----- 0.7m 0.7 m ---- 100m 10 m ----10m

1. Spectrum 2. Microwaves 6. Soda 7. Radio astronomy 10. Radiography 3. Radio therapy 4. Transverse 5. Infrared 8. Radio detection and ranging 9. Infra red

6. SOUND
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Every system has its own frequency called _________ The distance between any two particles vibrating in the same phase is _______ The distance between two successive nodes or antinodes is equal to _________ Particles undergo minimum displacement at _________ in a stationary wave. In a stationary wave the distance between a node and its adjacent antinode is 10cm. the wave length is _________ 6. In a resonating air column experiment, Velocity of sound in air can be found using the formula ________ 7. ___________ wave are formed in resonating air column 8. In a resonating air column experiment, first resonance occurs at 10cm. Then the second resonance occurs at ________ cm. 9. Sound waves in air are ____________ in nature 10. The vibrations that take place under the influence of an external periodic force are called________ 11. Velocity of sound in air is ________ 12. The phenomenon in which if one of the two bodies of the same frequency is set into vibration the other body also vibrates with larger amplitude is _______ 13. The relation between v, n, and is ______

1. Natural frequency 2. Wave length 6. V=2 (l2l1) 7. Stationary 10. Forced vibrations 11. V = p / 3. /2 4. Node 5. 40cm 8. 30cm 9. Longitudinal 12. Resonance 13. V = n

7. LIGHT
1. 2. 3. Wave theory of light was proposed by ________ According to Newtons theory, velocity of light is more in ________ medium For constructive superposition of waves, the phase difference between the waves should be equal to _______

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4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Units of Solid angle__________ Bending of wave when it meets a small obstacle is called __________ Huygen originally thought that for the propagation of light waves _________ is required Process of achieving population inversion is _____________ Wave length of He-Ne laser is _______________ For destructive superposition of waves the phase difference between the waves should be equal to ________ expand LASER ________ The solid angle for a sphere is __________ Active medium in Ruby laser is _________ Lasers are employed in a special three dimensional photography called _______ The band width of an ordinary laser is of the order __________ Corpuscular theory of light is proposed by ____________

MATCHING
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Corpusceles Light waves Electro magnetic theory Ripple tank Constructive superposition Destructive superposition ( ( ( ( ( ( B ) E ) A D G F ) ) ) ) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) Maxwel Newtons corpuscular theory of light Source at far Demonstration of waves Huygens wave theory of light (2n+1) 2n

1. Huygen 2. Denser 3. 2n 4. Steradian 5. Diffraction 6. Ether 7. Pumping 8. 6328A0 9. (2n+1) 10. LIGHT AMPLIFICATION BY STIMULATED EMISSION OF RADIATION 11. 4 steradians 12. Ruby crystal 15. Newton 13. Halography 14. 10A0

8. MAGNETISM
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Which of the following is not a dia magnetic substance ( ) a) air b) water c) Iron d) Bismuth Unit of Pole strength in S.I. system __________ Relative permeability of dia magnetic substance is _______ Relative permeability of a para magnetic substance is _________ 1 Tesla = _______ Gauss The permeability of air or free space (0) is _________ S.I. units of magnetic field induction ____________ Magnetic field induction at a point on axial line is ___________ The substance whose susceptibility is very low and negative is ________ Magnetic moment (M) is the product of magnetic length (2l) and ________ The limit of magnetization of a substance is known as ____________ The pole strengths of two magnetic poles of a bar magnet is _____ Proper test for magnetism is __________

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14. The magnetic property which has no units is ______________

GROUP
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

A
( ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) )

MATCHING GROUP
A B C D E Amp/meter Amp. Meter2 Amp.meter Henry/meter Gauss

Pole strength Permeability Intensity of magnetic field Magnetic moment Intensity of magnetization

1. C 2. Amp.meter 6. 4 x 10-7 Henry/meter 3. Less than or equal to 1 4. More than 1 7. Tesla 8. B = 0 x 2M 4 d3 9. Dia 10. pole strength (m) 11. Magnetic saturation 12. Equal 13. Repulsion 14. Susceptibility 5. 104

9. CURRENT ELECTRICITY
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Units of electric current _______ The opposition to the flow of current is known as ________ Resistance of a conductor is inversely proportional to ______ When resistances are connected in series same __________ exists among all of them. Units of electric power _________ In m = Zit, Z is known as __________ ___________ finger indicated the direction of force according to flemmings left hand rule. The device which converts electric energy into mechanical energy is _____ The device which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy is ________ The ___________ is used to increase or decrease the AC voltage by utilizing the phenomenon of electro magnetic induction. The rectangular coil of wire in a motor is known as ___________ Expand RPM ________ In an AC motor, _______________ is not necessary The transformer with number of turns in the secondary (N2) is less than the number of turns in primary (N1) is known as ________ transformer Laws of electrolysis are framed by __________ 1 KWH = _________ watt seconds The resultant resistance when two resistors of 6 and 12 are connected in series is __________ __________ is used to regulate the current in the circuit . Electric potential is measured with __________ Flow of current is measured with ___________ Symbol of battery ____________ Units of Specific resistance __________ Units of ece ______________ Units of Self inductance ___________ The value of Mechanical equivalent of heat _____________ The emf of an ordinary cell is __________

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27. 28. 29. 30. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Unit of electrical resistance ___________-Transformer works on the principle of _____________ Resistance of a conductor is directly proportional to ________ The resultant emf of three cells if 1V, 1.5V, 2V emf are connected in series is ___ Matching GROUP : A GROUP: B Battery ( D ) A) -----( . )---Tap key ( C ) B) A Plug key ( A ) C) Ammeter ( B ) D) Voltmeter ( E ) E) V Resistance Rheostat ( ( F ) G ) F) G)

GROUP A 1. ` 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP B Current Potential difference Resistance Specific resistance Electric charge ( ( ( ( ( C A E B D ) ) ) ) ) A) B) C) D) E) Volt Ohm-meter Ampere Coulomb Ohm

## GROUP A 1. Ammeter 2. Voltmeter 3. Voltameter 4. Motor Dynamo ( C ( B ( ( ) A)

GROUP B Converts electrical energy into Mechanical energy B) Measures current. C) Converts mechanical energy into Electrical energy D) Electrolysis Measures Potential Difference

E ) D ) ) E)

( A )

5.

1. Ampere 2. Resistance 3. Area of cross section 4. Potential difference 5. Watt 6. Electro chemical equivalence 7. Thumb 8. Electric motor 9. Dynamo 10, Transformer 11. Armature 12. Rotations per munuite 13. Commutator 14. Step down 15. Faraday 16. 36 x 105 17. 4 18. Rheostat 19. Voltmeter 20. Ammeter 21. 22. Ohm meter 23. gm/Coulomb 24. Henry 25. 4.185 Joules 26. 1.5 V 29. Length of the conductor 30. 2Volts. 27. Ohm 28. Mutual induction

## 10. MODERN PHYSICS

1. 2. According to Rutherford, the radius of nucleus is ______ Neutron was discovered by _________

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3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The number of protons present in an atom is known as _________ 1 a.m.u = __________ Mev The particles which have highest ionization property are ________ The inert gas formed in all radioactive series is ________ Thyroid gland is treated with ___________ Nuclear reactor works on the principle of __________ The reactions which take place in sun and stars are _______ Transformation of a stable element into radioactive element is known as __ Moderator used in nuclear reactor is __________ When an particle is emitted by an atom, its mass number decreases by ____ Units of atomic mass is ________ Atoms of the same element having same atomic number but different mass number are known as __________ __________ is used to kill Cancer cells Nuclear fission was discovered by ______________ ________ series ends with Bismuth ________ isotope is used to determine the age of fossils. The atomic number of an atom ___ when a particle is emitted The neutrons with energies of about 0.04ev or less are known as _______neutrons The principle of Atombomb is ______ _________ utilizes uncontrolled fusion reactions. ________ isotope is used to determine the age of rocks The process of determining the age of fossils using artificial radioactivity is known as _________ 40 40 are the examples of ___________ 19K , 20Ca GROUP:A particle particle particle Isotope Isobar ( ( ( ( ( B A G C D ) ) ) ) ) A) B) C) D) E) F) G) A) B) C) D) E) F) ) ) ) ) ) GROUP: B Negatively charged Positively charged Same atomic number Different number of protons (4n+2) Electrically neutral No change. GROUP: B Stability of atom amu Number of protons ev The sum of Protons and Neutrons. 1/1836th part. GROUP B A) 4n + 1 B) 4n + 2 C) 4n D) 4n + 3 E) E = mc2

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

GROUP:A Atomic number Mass defect Mass number Atomic mass unit Unit of energy

( ( ( ( (

C A E B D

) ) ) ) ) B C D A E

GROUP A Uranium Series ( Thorium Series ( Actinium Series ( Neptunium series ( Mass energy equivalence (

1. 2.4 x 10-15 m 2. Chadwick 3) Atomicnumber 4) 931.5 5) particle 6) Radan 7) Radio Iodine 8) Controlled Chain reaction 9) Nuclear fusion 10) Artificial Transformation 11) Heavy water 12) 4 13) amu 14) Isotope 15) Radio cobalt

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16) Ottohaun 17) Neptunium 18) Radio carbon 21) Controlled chain reaction 22) Hydrogen Bomb 19) 1 20) Thermal neutrons 23) Carbon dating 25) Isobar

11. ELECTRONICS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The energy gap is highest in case of ________ Density of free electrons is more in _______ Diode offers less resistance in ________ condition Majority carriers in p-type semi conductor are ________ ________ is used as rectifier in a circuit The process of fixing messages to r.f. carrier wave is called _________ Set of instructions is known as __________ Silicon forms _______ number of covalent bonds BCD code consists of ________ bits ______ selects desired signals _____________ is a type of camera consisting of a cathode beam and a photo electric cell. Expand CPU _______ The majority carriers in a N-type semi conductor are ______ In the symbol of transistor the arrow mark indicates ________ F.M stands for ______ Transistor works as _______ At 00K, the semiconductor acts as ___________ Symbol of Junction diode _______ Key board is a ____________ device A group of 8 bits is known as _________ When temperature of a semi conductor is raised, its energy gap ________ The gap between valence band and conduction band is known as _______ The three terminals of a transistor are ______, ____, ________ IC stands for _________ _________ language doesnot depend on hardware. The process of dividing an image on the screen into a very large number of very small squares is known as _____________ One nible is equal to __________ bits In case of radio communication the range of carrier frequency from about ___ to ___ In Television communication the range of carrier frequency is from ____ to ___

MATCHING
GROUP :: A GROUP :: B

## Positively charged particles Pure silicon Oscillator Rectifier n-type semiconductor

GROUP :: A

( D ( A ( B ( E ( F ( ( ( ( ( E A D B C

) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )

A) B) C) D) E) F) A) B) C) D) E)

Intrinsic semiconductor Transistor. Extrinsic semi conductor Hole Diode Negative Charge.
GROUP :: B

## 6.Mouse 7 Basic 8. Assembler 9.. Printer 10. Hardware

High level language. Out put device. Outer parts of a computer. Machine language. Input device.

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GROUP :: A GROUP :: B

11. Programme 12. IC 13. Bit 14. Byte 15. Soft ware

( ( ( ( (

E A D C B

) ) ) ) )

A) B) C) D) E)

Combination of diodes and transistors Group of Programmes. Group of 8 bits. 0 or 1 . Group of commands.