Anda di halaman 1dari 24

Writing I

5th Class : 29th of September 2013 Frida Ferdani Putri


fridaferdaniputri@gmail.com

Universitas Terbuka
Korea Selatan
1

CLASS 5
Modul 6 Grammar Finish a story. Write a guided story. Make a conversation from picture

Objective
Kompetensi Umum Mahasiswa diharapkan mampu membuat cerita dalam Bahasa Inggris Kompetensi Khusus Mahasiswa diharapkan mampu melengkapi cerita, menulis cerita yang dipandu, dan membuat percakapan dari gambar

Neither and Either


Menyatakan juga (tidak) versi negatif dari so dan too Neither berkedudukan seperti so Lily came here and so did her sister. (Lily and her sister came here) Lily didnt come here and neither did her sister.

Tom is not tall and neither is John. (Tom and John are not tall) I never play guitar and neither does Suzy.
Either berkedudukan seperti too Lily came here and her sister did too. (Lily and her sister came here) Lily didnt come here and her sister didnt either

Tom is not tall and John is not either. (Tom and John are not tall) I never play guitar and Suzy does not either.

Neither
Tense Simple present tense Simple past tense Present continuous tense Past continuous tense Present perfect tense Future tense modals Neither Is, am, are Do, does Neither Was, were did Neither is, am, are Neither Was, were Neither Have, has Neither Will, shall Neither Can, may, will, shall, must, ought to Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Pola Neither Subject

Either
Tense Simple present tense Simple past tense Present continuous tense Past continuous tense Present perfect tense Future tense modals Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Subject Pola Either Is not, am not, are not Do not, does not Was not, were not Did not Is not, am not, are not Was not, were not Have not, has not Will not, shall not (Can, may, will, shall, must, ought to) + not Either Either Either Either Either Either Either Either Either

Conjunctions
Kata yang menghubungkan kata, frase atau klausa.

Conjunctions
Coordinating conjunctions menggabungkan kata atau sekelompok kata yang mempunyai elemen yang sama: subject + subject verb phrase + verb phrase sentence + sentence
1.

FANBOYS for, and, nor, but, or, yet, dan so.

Conjunctions
Conjunct What is linked ion For Sentence + sentence Example The contract will be delayed for the president does not want to sign the MoU

And
But Or So

Noun phrase + noun phrase


Sentence + sentence Verb + verb Sentence + sentence

We have tickets for the symphony and the opera


The orchestra rehearses on Tuesday, but the chorus rehearses on Wednesday. Have you talked to or met him before? I dont feel well today, so I will not go anywhere.

Conjunctions

2. Correlative conjunctions selalu digunakan dengan pasangannya. menggabungkan elemen yang sama. apabila menggabungkan subjek tunggal dan jamak, kata kerja mengikuti subjek terdekat.

Both and Not only also Either or Neither nor Whether or

Conjunctions
Conjunction What is linked Both.. and Either..or Not only but also Subject + subject Noun + noun Sentence + sentence Example Both my sister and I were born in Bandung. The menu today is either salad or porridge. Neither my sister nor my brother came to visit me. Not only is she a great singer, but also a great dancer. He is not only funny, but also smart.

Neithernor Subject + subject

11

Conjunctions
3.

Subordinating conjunctions konjungsi yang dapat membentuk anak kalimat (subordinating clause) dengan menggunakan adverb.
Cause + Effect Because Since Now that As In order that so Opposition Although Though Even though Whereas While Condition If Unless Only if Whether or not Even if

Time After Before When While Since Until

Conjunctions
Example: We are going to eat after the class. While I was waiting for you, I read this book. I have lived here since 2 years ago. Even if you have already bought the ticket, you will still need to wait in line.
Blue color is the adverbial clause/subordinating clause (anak kalimat), black color is the main clause (induk kalimat)

adverbial clause dapat berada di depan atau di belakang

induk kalimat. letakkan koma setelah adverbial clause apabila berada di awal kalimat atau sebelum induk kalimat.
13

Spelling

American Spelling
Canceled Center Check Color Criticize Gray Humor Judgment Labor License Realize Theater Tire Valor

British Spelling
Cancelled Centre Cheque Colour Criticise Grey Humour Judgement Labour Licence Realise Theatre Tyre

Valour

Spelling
Peraturan 1: I sebelum E kecuali setelah C Chief, achieve, believe, bier, brief, hygiene, grief, thief, friend, grieve, patience, pierce Conceive, deceive, perceive, receipt, deceit, conceit

Spelling
Peraturan 2: hilangkan huruf E terakhir Advance + ing --> advancing Surprise + ing --> surprising

Advance + ment --> advancement Judge + ment --> judgement Argue + ment --> argument True + ly --> truly

Spelling
Peraturan 3: hilangkan huruf Y tearkhir Supply -> supplies Worry -> worried Merry -> merrier

Cry -> crying Study -> studying

Obey -> obeyed Say -> saying

Spelling
Peraturan 4: gandakan konsonan terakhir
Peraturan umum: Apabila kata berakhiran konsonan, gandakan

konsonan terakhir sebelum menambahkan sebuah akhiran yang diawalin oleh huruf vokal (e.g., -ing, -ed, -er)
Gandakan konsonan terakhir
Suku kata terakhir diberi tekanan (dalam pengucapan) dan konsonan terakhir didahului oleh sebuah huruf vokal. Submit + ing submitting Refer + ed referred Begin + er beginner Hanya terdiri dari 1 suku kata dan konsonan terakhir didahului oleh sebuah huruf vokal. Flap + ing flapping Flap + ed flapped

Jangan gandakan konsonan terakhir


Konsonan terakhir didahului oleh sebuah huruf vokal tetapi penekanan diberikan pada awal suku kata. Open + ing opening Open + ed opened Hanya terdiri dari 1 suku kata tetapi huruf konsonan terakhir didahuluio oleh dua buah huruf vokal Deal + er dealer Deal + ing dealing

18

Adjective Clauses
Clause: Sekelompok kata yang terdiri dari subjek dan predikat.

Adjective Clauses
Person (subject) who verb The woman who works over there is my sister. Person (object)

whom

person
The man whom Ted is talking to is his boss.
Place where anything The hall where the wedding was held is beautifull.

Adjective Clauses
Time when anything Last week when she saw a horror movie. Thing which anything The book which they discuss is very interesting. Person (possessive) whose The old man whose son is a doctor.

thing

Adjective Clauses
That
Dapat menggantikan kedudukan which, who dan whom. Digunakan untuk manuasia, binatang, atau benda yang berkedudukan sebagai subjek atau objek.

The book that they discuss is very interesting. The woman that works over there is my sister. The man that Ted is talking to is his boss. Tina is decorating a house that Lee designed. It was Tom who broke this chair.

Adjective Clauses
Non-defining clauses Memberi tambahan informasi tetapi tidak penting. Dipisahkan dengan koma (,)

Ani lives in Seoul. She is an Indonesian student. Ani, who lives in Seoul, is an Indonesian student.

Tanpa memberikan informasi bahwa Ani tinggal di Seoul, kalimat Ani is an Indonesian student bermakna.

Adjective Clauses
Defining clauses Memberi informasi yang penting tentang kata benda (noun). Tidak dipisahkan oleh koma.

I talked to a man. He carried a big bag. I talked to a man who carried a big bag.