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Agatsu = Self victory

Ai = Harmony or unification
Ai Hanmi = Mutual stance
Ai Nuke = Mutual escape
Ai Uchi = Mutual kill
Aigame Ate = Regular stance attack, 2nd teaching of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi
Waza)
Aiki = Blending or harmonising of Ki
Aiki Nage = Aiki throw, throws by body movement only
Aiki Otoshi = Aiki drop, entering deeply and picking up Uke’s leg
Aiki Taiso = Basic Aikido co-ordination exercises
Aikido = The way of harmony with Ki
Aikidoka = A practitioner of Aikido
Aikuchi = Tanto style blade, mounted with no Tsuba for women to carry
Ashi = Sometimes means leg, sometimes means foot
Ashi Sabaki = Footwork
Ashibo Kake Uke = Leg hooking block
Atemi = Strike to the weak points of the body
Atemi Waza = Striking techniques (1st set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata)

Awase = Partner practice


Aya Dori = Cross shaped entanglement throw, also known as Juji Garame
Ayumi-Ashi = Crossing feet (normal walking), also known as Hiraki Ashi
Bo = Wooden staff about 6 feet in length
Bokken = Wooden sword, also known as Bukoto
Budo = Martial way
Bukoto = Wooden sword, also known as bokken
Bushido = The way of the warrior
Chidori Ashi = Cross-over feet (zig-zag step)
Chikara = Power
Chikara No Dashikata = Extension of power
Chokusen = Direct
Chokusen No Irimi = Direct entry
Chudan = Middle position
Chushin = Center
Dai Gokyo = See Gokyo
Dai Ikkyo = See Ikkyo
Dai Nikyo = See Nikyo
Dai Rokyo = See Rokyo
Dai Sankyo = See Sankyo
Dai Yonkyo = See Yonkyo
Dan = Black belt rank
Dan Zuki = Consecutive punching
Datotsushu = Strikes, punches and kicks
Datsu Ryoku = Without strength, relaxed
Deshi = Student, disciple
Do = Way/path
Dogi = Training costume, also known as Gi or Keiko Gi
Dojo = Literally place of the way
Dojo Cho = The head of the dojo
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita = Thank you very much (said at end of practise)
Doozo = Please, go ahead
Doshu = Grand master or head of the way
Empi Uchi = Elbow strike
Engi = Interdependent origination
Eri = Collar
Eri Tori = Collar grab
Fudo Dachi = Rooted stance
Fudo No Shisei = Immoveable posture, mind focused on one point, body relaxed and
Ki flowing
Fukushidoin = Assistant instructor
Fumikomi Geri = Stamping kick
Funekogi Undo = Rowing exercise, moving voiced meditation for breathing and
posture, also known as Torifune
Furi Kaburi = Sword raising movement
Futari Gake = Two man attack, also known as Ni Nin Gake
Gaeshi = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse to rotate, to revolve,
also known as Tenkai, Kaeshi, or Kaiten
Gamae = A posture or stance of readiness either with or without weapon, also known
as Hanmi or Kamae
Gatame = Armlocks
Gedan = Lower position
Gedan Ate = Lower part attack, 4th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza)
Gendaito = Modern sword (made roughly in the 20th century)
Geri = Kick
Gi = Training costume, also known as dogi or Keiko Gi
Giri (1) = Cut, also known as Kiri
Giri (2) = Obligation or debt
Gokyo = 5th teaching, Ude Nobashi or arm stretch, also known as Dai Gokyo, Gokyo
Ude Nobashi
Gokyo Ude Nobashi = See Gokyo
Gou No Keiko = To practise hard with full strength, mostly with basic techniques,
see also Jyu No Keiko and Ryu No Keiko
Gyaku Hanmi = Opposing stance
Gyaku Yokomen Uchi = Reverse vertical strike to side of head
Gyukugamae Ate = Reverse stance attack, 3rd teaching of Tomiki Kihon No Kata
(Atemi Waza)
Hachiji Dachi = Open leg stance
Haishin Undo = After practise back bending exercise
Haishu = Backhand
Haishu Uke = Backhand block
Haito = Ridge hand
Hajime = Begin
Hajime = Please start
Hakama = Divided skirt usually worn by black-belt ranks
Hanashi Waza = Escape from holds, also known as Hazushi Waza
Hangetsu Dachi = Half moon or hourglass stance
Hanmi = A posture or stance of readiness either with or without weapon, also known
as Kamae or Gamae
Hanmi Handachi = Position with Nage sitting, Uke standing, also known as Hanza
Hantachi
Hantai = In reverse order
Hanza Hantachi = Position with Nage sitting, Uke standing, also known as Hanmi
Handachi
Happo = Eight directions
Happo Giri = Eight direcion cutting
Happo Undo = Eight direction exercise
Hara = Body’s center of mass, centre of life energy
Harai = A movement to sweep opponents sword or jo away or down also refers to
sweeping opponents legs
Hasso = Posture with sword or jo held vertically at right shoulder, see also Hasso
No Kamae
Hasso Gaeshi = Movement from basic stance to Hasso posture
Hasso No Kamae = Figure eight stance, posture with sword or jo held vertically at
right shoulder, see also Hasso No Kamae
Hazushi Waza = Escape from holds, also known as Hanashi Waza
Henka Waza = Varied technique especially beginning one technique and changing to
another in mid-execution
Hidari = Left
Hidari Gamae = Left stance, also known as Hidari Hanmi
Hidari Hanmi = Left stance, also known as Hidari Gamae
Hiji = Elbow
Hiji Jime = Elbow lock, also known as Ude Higishi or arm smashing, see Rokyo
Hiji Ki = Elbow power
Hiji Shime = See Hiji Jime
Hiji Tori = Elbow hold
Hiji Waza = Elbow techniques (2nd set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata)
Hiki Otoshi = Pull drop, 17th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Uki Waza)
Hiki Taoshi = Pull down, 8th technique from Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza)
Hiki Tate Geiko = Freestyle practise with some resitance between partners
Hineri Waza = Throws by twisting Ukes head
Hiraki Ashi = Crossing feet (normal walking), also known as Ayumi Ashi
Hiriki = Elbow power
Hitomei = Equal stance with feet parallel, also known as Mu Gamae
Hitori Waza = Invisible partner practice
Hiza = Knee
Hombu Dojo = A term used to refer to the central dojo of an organization
Iaito = Dull katana
Ikkyo = 1st teaching, Ude Osae or arm pin, also known as Dai Ikkyo, Ikkyo Ude Osae
and in Tomiki Aikido Oshi Taoshi or push down
Ikkyo Ude Osae = See Ikkyo
Irimi = Entering movement with a step or slide
Irimi Nage (Shomen) = Entering throw (front approach), sometimes called 20 year
technique
Irimi Nage (Sokumen) = Entering throw (side approach), sometimes called 20 year
technique, in Tomiki Aikido known as Gyakugamae Ate or reverse stance strike
Irimi Tenkan = Entering and turning, sometimes called Tai Sabaki
Jiyu Waza = Free-style practice of techniques, free form techniques
Jo = Wooden staff about 4'-5' in length
Jo Dosa = Jo exercises
Jo Tori = Jo taking exercises or techniques
Jodan = Upper position
Jodan Gaeshi = Circular movement with jo aimed at upper part of opponents body
Joseki = Upper side of the mats
Joza = Seat of honour, upper seat of mat, also known as Kamiza
Juji = Crossing of the hands
Juji Garame = Cross shaped entanglement throw, also known as Aya Dori
Juji Jime = Cross-hand choke
Jumbi Taiso = Collective term given to Aikido exercises
Jyu Nana Hon No Kata = 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido, also known as Kihon
Waza or Kihon No Kata
Jyu No Keiko = To practise softly with principle of nonresistance but still
practising attack and defence, see also Gou No Keiki and Ryu On Keiko
Kachihayabi = Victory at the speed of sunlight
Kado Nage = Thows to the front corner
Kaeshi = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse, to rotate, to revolve,
also known as Gaeshi, Tenkai, or Kaiten
Kaeshi Waza = Reversals, escaping from techniques, counter attack techniques
Kaiten = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse, to rotate, to revolve,
also known as Gaeshi, Kaeshi, or Tenkai
Kaiten Ashi = Forward step forward with back foot and pivot
Kaiten Nage (Soto) = Rotary throw (outside), also known as Tenkai Nage (Soto), in
Tomiki Aikido known as Ude Hineri or arm twist
Kaiten Nage (Uchi) = Rotary throw (inside), also known as Tenkai Nage (Uchi)
Kakae Dori = Bearhug grab from behind
Kakari Geiko = Freestyle practice with no resistance and usually only basic style
techniques
Kamae = A posture or stance of readiness either with or without weapon, also known
as Hanmi or Gamae
Kamiza (1) = A small Shrine frequently located at the front of a dojo
Kamiza (2) = Seat of honour, upper seat of mat, also known as Joza
Kansetsu Waza = Joint manipulation techniques
Kao Tsuki = Punch to face
Kata (1) = A form or prescribed pattern of movement
Kata (2) = Shoulder
Kata Ju Ji Jime = Left hand to left lapel (four fingers inside, thumb outside and
pointing up), right hand over left to right lapel (four fingers outside, thumb
inside and pointing down)
Kata Tori = One hand grab to shoulder
Katame Waza = Locking and pinning techniques, also known as Osae Waza
Katana = What is vulgarly called a samurai sword
Katate Tori = One hand grab to wrist
Katate Tori Ryote Mochi = Two hands grab to wrist or two hands grab to two wrists
Katsu Jin Ken = The sword that saves life
Keiko = Study or practice, training with spirit and commitment
Keiko Gi = Training costume (formal name), also known as Gi or dogi
Ken Koshiita = Back plate for hakama
Ken Suburi = Sword matching exercises
Ken Tori = Sword taking
Kenkyo = Confidence with modesty
Kensho = Enlightenment see also Mokuso and Satori
Kesa = Sash worn diagonally across the chest by Buddist priests
Kesa Giri = Cutting through the body diagonally across the chest
Keta Tsuki = Kick to stomach
Ki = Combined mind, spirit and energy vital-force, essence of universal creative
energy
Ki Ga Nukeru = Loss of Ki
Ki Musubi No Tachi = Sword of uniting Ki
Ki No Musubi = Uniting Ki with that of opponents
Ki No Nagare = Flow of Ki
Ki Wo Dasu = Allowing Ki to flow
Ki Wo Neru = Training Ki by visualising it
Ki Wo Totonoeru = Preparation of Ki by maintaining calmness, breathing correctly
and focussing mind
Kiai = A shout delivered for the purpose of focussing all of one’s energy
Kihon Dosa = Fundamental movement
Kihon No Kata = The 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido, also known as Jyu Nana
Hon Kata and Kihon Waza
Kihon Waza (1) = The most formal way of doing a technique or demonstrating it
Kihon Waza (2) = The 17 basic techniques of Tomiki Aikido, also known as Jyu Nana
Hon Kata and Kihon No Kata
Kime = Bending the joint in the direction of natural movment
Kimi = Pressure point, see Yonkyo
Kimi Osae = Forearm pin, see Yonkyo
Kiri = Cut, also known as Giri
Kiri Gaeshi = Large diagonal cut, sword finishing in Wake Gamae position
Kiri Otoshi = Dropping cut
Kiza = Sitting stance (seiza up on toes)
Kogeki = Attack
Kohai = A student junior to oneself
Koho Tento Undo = Backward roll
Koho Ukemi Undo = Backward roll
Kokoro = Heart or mind
Kokyu = Breath, power of breath and life force, co-ordination of Ki flow and
breathing
Kokyu Ho = Breath power exercise
Kokyu Ho Undo = Wrist lead exercise
Kokyu Nage = Breath throw
Kokyu No Henka = Breath changes
Kokyu Ryoku No Yosei Ho = Breath power development exercise
Kokyu Tenkan Ho = Breath turning exercise
Kosa Dori = Cross grip to lapels of Gi
Koshi = Hip
Koshi Nage = Hip throw
Koshin = Moving backwards
Kote (1) = Wrist, also known as Tekubi
Kote (2) = Gloves or gauntlets used in Iaido and Kendo
Kote Gaeshi (1) = Wrist out turn
Kote Gaeshi (2) = Reverse wrist twist, 12th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata
(Tekubi Waza)
Kote Hineri (1) = Wrist twist, see Sankyo
Kote Hineri (2) = Wrist twist, 11th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Tekubi
Waza)
Kote Mawashi = Wrist in turn, see Nikyo
Koto = Old sword (made before about 1573)
Kotodama = Spiritual function of sound
Kubi = Neck
Kuchi = Mouth
Kumi Jo = Partner practise matching of jo, two person jo practises
Kumi Ken = Partner practise matching of Ken, two person sword practises, also
known as Kumi Tachi
Kumi Tachi = Partner practise matching of Ken, two person sword practises, also
known as Kumi Ken
Kuzushi = Balance breaking techniques
Kuzushin = Disruption of balance
Kyuu = White belt rank, any rank below Shodan, also known as Mudansha
Kyusho Points = Acupuncture or acupressure points
Maai = Proper distancing or timing
Mae = Front
Mae Eri tori = Grab to collar from front
Mae Geri = Front snap kick
Mae Otoshi = Front drop, 15th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Uki Waza)
Mae Ukemi = Forward rolling breakfall, also known as Zempo Kaiten Undo, Zempo
Ukemi Undo, Zempo Kaiten Ukemi
Maki Otoshi = Throw over Nages shoulder resulting in Nage on one knee
Marui = Circular motion
Me = Eye
Men (1) = Head, specifically striking point on head
Men (2) = Straight sword cut onto forehead
Men Tsuki = Thrust to head, also known as Men Uchi
Men Uchi = Thrust to head, also known as Men Tsuki
Metsuke = Eye contact
Migi = Right
Migi Gamae = Right stance, also known as Migi Hanmi
Migi Hanmi = Right stance, also known as Migi Gamae
Misogi = Ritual purification of mind, body and spirit
Mitsubushi = Strike to the eyes with the back of the fist
Mochi = Grip
Mokuso = Meditation, see also Kensho and Satori
Morote Tori = Two hands grab to one wrist
Mu Gamae = Equal stance with feet parallel, also known as Hitomei
Mudansha = Students without black-belt ranking also known as Kyuu grades
Mune = Chest
Mune Tori = Hold the chest
Mune Tsuki = Thrust or punch to chest
Mushin = No mind, state of mind uninterupted by thought, mind without ego like a
mirror reflects but does not judge
Musubi = Process of unification, opposites are but different images of same
reality
Nafudakake = Student name board in dojo
Nagare = Flowing
Nagare Gaeshi = Strike to front and then strike or thrust to rear in one flowing
movement
Nage = To throw
Nage = Person who is throwing or executing the technique, also known as Tori
Nage No Kata = Throwing kata
Nage Waza = Throwing techniques
Nai Kan Gyu = Silence and action, training which teaches to still the mind and see
inside
Ne Waza = Grappling techniques
Ni Nin Gake = Two man attack, also known as Futari Gake
Nikyo = 2nd teaching, Kote Mawashi or wrist in turn, also known as Dai Nikyo,
Nikyo Kote Mawashi
Nikyo Kote Mawashi = See Nikyo
Ninjyo = Compassion
Nogare = Series of breathing exercises to bring calmness in face of attack
Nukitsuke = Drawing the sword
O-Sensei = Founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba, literally great teacher
Obi = A belt
Oji Waza = To block then counter attack
Oku eri tori = Grab to collar from behind
Okuri eri jime = Right hand grab to right wrist and choke from behind with left
hand grab to right lapel
Omoiyari = Mind of concern for others feelings, safety and situation
Omote = The front
Onegai Shimasu = I welcome you to train with me (said at beginning of practice)
Osae = Press, push, pin, to immobilise
Osae Waza = Locking and pinning techniques, also known as Katame Waza
Oshi Taoshi = Push down, 6th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza), see
also Ikkyo
Otonashi No Ken = Sword of no sword
Otoshi = To drop
Randori = Free practise, free style all out training
Rei = Bow
Reigi = Ettiquette
Ren Zuki = Alternated punch
Renshu = Practise, ren (repeat) shu (learn) or learn by repeating
Renzoku Tenkan Ho = Continuous body turning
Renzoku Waza = Series techniques
Riai = Relationship between methods using Ken/Jo/Taijutsu
Ritsu rei = Bow from standing position
Rokkutsu = Rib
Rokyo = 6th teaching, Hiji Jime or elbow lock, also known as Ude Higishi or arm
smashing, Dai Rokyo, Rokyo Hiji Jime, Rokyo Ude Higishi and in Tomiki Aikido Waki
Gatame or arm lock
Rokyo Hiji Jime = See Rokyo
Rokyo Ude Higishi = See Rokyo
Ryokata Tori = Both shoulders grabbed from front
Ryoku = Power
Ryote = Both hands
Ryote Tori = Both wrists grabbed from front
Ryu = Style or school of martial art
Ryu No Keiko = To practise very softly as running water with no attack or defence,
no opposition between partners but focusing on perfect harmony and peace, this
practise is usually only possible for high dan grades, see also Gou No Keiko and
Jyu No Keiko
Sabaki = Body manoeuvres, movement
Sageto = Feet together, sword in left hand, blade up and tip down and facing
backwards
Samurai = From the verb to serve, warrior class, replaced the term Bushi during
Muromachi Period 1392-1573AD
San Nin Gake = Three man attack
Sankaku Tai = Triangular form (as in stances)
Sankyo = 3rd teaching, Kote Hineri or wrist twist, also known as Dai Sankyo,
Sankyo Kote Hineri and in Tomiki Aikido Tenkai Kote Hineri or rotating wrist twist

Sankyo Kote Hineri = See Sankyo


Satori = Enlightenment, see also Mokuso and Kenshoo
Saya = Scabbard
Sayu Undo = Arm swing lateral (left to right) extension exercise
Seiza = Sitting posture on one’s knees
Sempai = A student senior to oneself
Senaka = Back
Sensei = Teacher
Senshin = Purified and cleansed heart and spirit, enlightened attitude
Setsu Nin To = The sword that kills
Setsuzoku = Connection
Shiai = Match or contest
Shidoin = A formal title meaning instructor, usually 3rd dan and above
Shihan = A formal title meaning master instructor, usually 6th dan and above
Shiho Nage = 4 directional throw, in Tomiki Aikido known as Tenkai Kote Gaeshi or
rotating reverse wrist twist
Shikaku = Position relative to one’s partner where it is difficult for partner to
continue to attack
Shikko = Samurai walking or knee walking
Shimoseki = Lower side of the mat
Shimoza = Lower seat of the mat
Shinai = Split bamboo practice sword for Kendo
Shinkenshobu = Duel with live swords
Shinnyo = Thusness or suchness
Shintai = Straight motion
Shinshinto = New sword (made between about 1760 and 1900
Shinto = The way of the gods, the indigenous religion of Japan
Shizentai = Natural stance or posture
Shomen = Front or top of head also the designated front of a dojo
Shomen Ate = Frontal attack, 1st teaching of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza)
Shomen Uchi = Straight vertical strike to forehead
Shoshin = Beginners mind each time you are Uke or Nage
Shugyu = Day to day struggle, work
Shuto = Knife hand
Shuuchuu = Concentration
Shuuchuu Ryoku = Concentration of power
Shuumatsu Doosa = Fixing movment
Sode Dori = Cuff or sleeve held
Sotai Dosa = Paired exercises
Sotei = Assumption, training with imaginary or shadow partners
Soto = Outside
Suburi = Exercises for co-ordination of arm and foot movements, usually to develop
basic cuts and thrusts in Buki Waza
Sudori = Attacker effectively throws himself with an excess of power
Sudori Nage = A momentum throw
Sukashi Waza = Techniques performed without allowing the attacker to complete a
grab or to initiate a strike
Suki = An opening or gap where one is vulnerable to attack
Sukui Nage = A scooping throw
Sumi Gaeshi = Corner throw
Sumi Otoshi = Corner drop, 16th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Uki Waza)
Sutemi = To throw away the body, techniques accomplished by sacrificing the body
Suwari = Seated
Suwari Waza = Techniques executed with both Uke and Nage in a seated position
Ta Ninsu Gake = Training against multiple attackers
Tachi (1) = From standing position
Tachi (2) = A type of Japanese long sword intended to be worn edge down
Tachi Tori = Sword taking
Tachi Waza = Standing techniques
Tai Atari = Entering and blocking
Tai Atari Uchi Otoshi = Entering deeply into Yokomen Uchi throwing Uke backwards
Tai Gi = Usually six techniques done in sequence in Ki Aikido
Tai No Henka = Body changes
Tai No Henko = Basic blending practice, turning 180 degrees, body changes
Tai No Tenkan Ho = Body turning
Tai Sabaki = Body movement, avoidance, circular movement
Taijutsu = Body arts, unarmed practice, empty handed techniques
Taiso = Basic exercise
Takemusu Aikido = Enlightened Aikido
Tanden = Centre
Tandoku Dosa = Solo exercises
Tandoku undo = Hand and foot movement exercises
Tanren = Striking practise with sword, jo or bokken, repetition of same cut
Tanto (1) = Wooden practice knife
Tanto (2) = Small knife
Tanto Tori = Knife taking
Tatami = Traditional woven straw mats in dojo
Te = Hand
Tegatana = Hand sword, outer edge of hand when used as if the blade of a sword
Teisho = Heel palm
Teisho Uke = Heel palm block
Tekubi = Wrist or hand neck, also known as Kote
Tekubi Joho Kosa = High wrist break
Tekubi Josa Undo = High wrist break exercise
Tekubi Kansetsu Junan Ho = Wrist joint flexibility exercises
Tekubi Kosa Undo = Double wrist break exercise
Tekubi Osae = Forearm pin, see Yonkyo
Tekubi Shindo = Wrist shaking exercise
Tekubi Waza = Wrist techniques, (3rd set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata)
Tenchi Nage = Heaven and earth throw
Tenkai = Outward turning movement or counter, to reverse to rotate, to revolve,
also known as Gaeshi, Kaeshi, or Kaiten
Tenkai Ashi = Pivot on both feet
Tenkai Kote Gaeshi = Rotating reverse wrist twist, 14th technique of Tomiki Kihon
No Kata (Tekubi Waza), also known as Shiho Nage
Tenkai Kote Hineri = Rotating wrist twist, 13th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata
(Tekubi Waza), see also Sankyo
Tenkai nage (soto) = Rotary throw (outside), also known as Kaiten Nage (Soto), in
Tomiki Aikido known as Ude Hineri or arm twist
Tenkai nage (uchi) = Rotary throw (inside), also known as Kaiten Nage (Uchi)
Tenkan = Circular movement to redirect partners power and dissipate force of
attack
Tenkan Ashi = Forward step backward with rear foot and pivot on front foot
Tenshin = A movement where Nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack
Toma = A great distance
Tori (1) = Grab
Tori (2) = Person who is throwing or executing the technique, also known as Nage
Torifune = Rowing exercise, moving voiced meditation for breathing and posture,
also known as Funekogi Undo
Tsuba = Hand guard for sword or bokken
Tsugi Ashi = Sliding step (shuffle)
Tsuka = Handle of sword or bokken
Tsuki = A straight punch or thrust usually to mid-section parallel to ground
Tsukuri = Positioning or setting up for a throw
Uchi (1) = Inside
Uchi (2) = To strike
Uchi Deshi = A live in student
Uchi Komi = To take a step forward and then strike
Ude Furi Undo = Arm swinging spin exercise
Ude Gaeshi = Arm turn, 7th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza)
Ude Garame = Arm twist
Ude Higishi = Arm smashing, also known as Hiji Jime or elbow lock
Ude Hineri = Arm twist, 9th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza), also
known as Kaiten Nage
Ude Nobashi = Arm stretch, see Gokyo
Ude Osae = Arm pin, see Ikkyo
Ude Tori Undo = Forward extension exercise
Uke = Person being thrown or receiving technique
Ukemi = Breakfall, receiving with or through the body
Uki Waza = Floating techniques (4th set of techniques from Tomiki Kihon No Kata)
Undo = Exercise or drill
Unsoko = Foor movement
Ura = Rear
Ushiro = Backwards or behind
Ushiro Ate = Back attack, 5th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Atemi Waza), also
known as Ushiro Udoroshi
Ushiro Kubishime = Neck choke from the rear
Ushiro Morote Tori = Two hands grab one wrist from behind
Ushiro Ryokata Tori = Shoulders grabbed from rear
Ushiro Ryote Tori = Both hands grabbed from the rear
Ushiro Tekubi Tori = Wrist grabbed from rear
Ushiro Tekubi Tori Zenshin Undo = Downward extension exercise
Ushiro Udoroshi = Pull down from behind, in Tomiki Aikido known as Ushiro Ate
Ushiro Ukemi = Backward breakfalls
Wa = Harmony, accord and co-ordination
Wake Gamae = Sword stance with sword pointed down and back
Waki Gatame = Arm lock, 10th technique of Tomiki Kihon No Kata (Hiji Waza), see
also Rokyo
Wakizashi = Short sword
Waza = Techniques
Yamae = Stop
Yari = Spear
Yoko = Side
Yokomen = Side of the head
Yokomen Uchi = Outside vertical strike to side of head
Yoko ukemi = Sidewards breakfall
Yonkyo = 4th teaching, Tekubi Osae or forearm pin, also known as Kimi Osae, Dai
Yonkyo, Yonkyo Tekubi Osae
Yonkyo Tekubi Osae = See Yonkyo
Yubi = Fingers
Yudansha = Senior grades (dan grades)
Zanshin = Balanced and aware state
Zarei = Bow from sitting position
Zazen = Meditation posture and exercise employed in Zen Buddhism
Zempo Kaiten Ukemi = Forward rolling breakfall, also known as Mae Ukemi, Zempo
Ukemi Undo and Zempo Kaiten Undo
Zempo Kaiten Undo = Forward rolling exercise, also known as Mae Ukemi, Zempo Ukemi
Undo and Zempo Kaiten Ukemi
Zempo Ukemi Undo = Forward rolling exercise, also known as Mae Ukemi Zempo Kaiten
Undo and Zempo Kaiten Ukemi
Zen = Intuitive discipline of enlightenment derived from older schools of Buddhism

Zengo Undo = Arm extension static pivot exercise


Zenshin = Moving forwards
Zori = Sandals worn off the mat to help keep the mat clean