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KELOMPOK POLIMER BIDANG FISIKA BAHAN BARU PUSLIT FISIKA Jalan Cisitu 21/154D Bandung 40135

BIOPLASTIK UNTUK PENGEMAS YANG RAMAH LINGKUNGAN DARI LIMBAH AIR KELAPA & PEMLASTIS ALAM
Sumber : Program Insentif Peneliti dan Perekayasa TA 2010

PLASTIK KEMASAN
Sumber : minyak bumi Jumlah terbatas Mahal Tidak ramah lingkungan

Plastik pengemas (untuk kantong belanja) yang umum digunakan di tanah air adalah polimer thermoplastic yang berasal

PLASTIK RAMAH LINGKUNGAN


Sumber berlimpah Murah Ramah lingkungan

polimer alam yang ramah lingkungan. Polimer alam yang dimaksud adalah polimer yang diperoleh dari air kelapa dengan aktivitas bakteri Acetobacter xylinum

bangkan sebagai bahan polimer alam untuk pengemas. Lapisan NDC bersifat sangat kaku (nilai modulus elastisitasnya tinggi) dan regas (nilai elongation nya rendah). Agar memenuhi persyaratan sebagai bahan pengemas, NDC perlu diberi bahan pemlastis. Pemlastis yang digunakan adalah bahan alam yang ramah lingkungan, diantaranya adalah ricini (Riccinus communis)

SUMBER POTENSIAL

Limbah air kelapa, sebagai nata-de-coco (NDC)

SIFAT NDC
Kekuatan Tarik : 160-200 MPa Modulus Young : 16-20 GPa Densitas : 1600 g/cm3 Elongation : 2-4%

dari minyak bumi; sumbernya makin terbatas dan tidak dapat di degradasi secara alami. Kegiatan ini merupakan salah satu upaya membuat pengemas dari

umum dikenal dengan nama nata-de-coco (NDC) sebagai bahan makanan/minuman. Selain sebagai bahan makanan/minuman, NDC memiliki potensi untuk dikem-

Sifat Mekanis Bioplastik (masih dalam proses pengembangan)

Elongasi(%)

Modulus(MPa)
570 400

SIFAT PENGEMAS KOMERSIAL


Kekuatan Tarik : 10-50 MPa Modulus : <100 MPa Densitas : 1600 g/cm3 Elongation : >100%

530

5140 3770 2820

5810

4.3

5.2

7.4

5.4

624

727

680

KELOMPOK POLIMER BIDANG FISIKA BAHAN BARU PUSLIT FISIKA JALAN CISITU 21/154D BANDUNG 40135 TEL. 022-2503052 FAX. 022-2503050

Your business tag line here.

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Back Page Story Headline


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Organization

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