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BRITISH DX CLUB

AFRICA ON SHORTWAVE

COUNTRY-BY-COUNTRY GUIDE TO DOMESTIC AND EXTERNAL SHORTWAVE BROADCASTING IN AFRICA, INCLUDING OPPOSITION AND SELECTED TARGET BROADCASTS TO THE AFRICAN CONTINENT MARCH 2014

SUMMARY OF AFRICAN SHORTWAVE BROADCASTING


Algeria Radio Algrienne shortwave broadcasts to North Africa and the Sahel via Issoudun, France, continue for the B-13 season between 0400-0600 and 1800-2200. Frequencies have also been registered for two new transmitter sites in Algeria, at Bechar and Ourgla. Angola Radio Nacional de Angola continues to be heard on 4950v kHz with the Canal A programme in Portuguese, but the Radio N'Gola Yetu service in national languages on 7217v kHz is irregularly reported. This service should also include the International Service in French and English at 2000-2200. Voice of America has a dedicated weekly call-in show for listeners in Angola called "Angola, Fala S" It is broadcast on Friday's at 1730-1830 on 13630 and 17655 kHz. Ascension Island The B-13 schedule for the BBC Atlantic Relay Station (operated by Babcock) includes relays of the BBC World Service (to Africa), NHK Radio Japan (to South America), Voice of America (to Africa, including a frequency for the Bambara service to Mali), and FEBA Radio (to Africa). Botswana The schedule for B-13 for the IBB Relay Station comprises of VOA broadcasts to Africa, including the Studio 7 service to Zimbabwe and an evening frequency for Afia Darfur to Sudan. Cameroon Radio Buea, the last remaining CRTV station to be on shortwave, is irregularly reported by listeners in the region on 6005 kHz. If still operational, it is believed to be on a daytime schedule only. Central African Republic In recent years, Radio Centrafrique has been heard on 7220 kHz during daytime hours only. A new 1 kW shortwave transmitter was installed in May 2010 to operate on 5035 kHz, but there have been no recent reports of either frequency. The status of Radio ICDI's 1 kW shortwave transmitter in Boali had been unconfirmed following the takeover of Bangui and other main towns by Selaka rebels in March 2013, but the station's owners say that they are back on air between 0530-1600 on 6030 kHz. In response to the troubles in the Central African Republic, Radio Ndeke Luka introduced a half-hour broadcast at 1700-1730 in French on 3 February 2014 via a Babcock transmitter at Dhabbaya in the UAE on 17500 kHz. A previous relay via a transmitter in the UK had been in operation between 2003-2005. Chad Radiodiffusion Nationale Tchadienne had been regularly heard on 6165 kHz until October 2013, sometimes being on air throughout the night, but has not been reported since then. Democratic Republic of Congo Radio Tele Candip in Bunia is reported on 5066.3 kHz, but the other radio station in eastern Congo, Radio Kahuzi in Bukavu on 6210v kHz, has not been heard recently. Republic of Congo Radio Congo continues to be reported on 6115 kHz, scheduled from 0600 but mostly heard from around 1700 on 6115 kHz, presumably airing the main evening news programme for listeners throughout the Congo at this time, abruptly signing-off at various times from 1815v-1845v. Djibouti Radio Djibouti is regularly reported on 4780 kHz. Egypt Egyptian Radio continues to use shortwave for B-13 with relays of the domestic General Programme and the Voice of the Arabs. Radio Cairo has an extensive external service on shortwave. Equatorial Guinea The shortwave transmitters of Radio Bata on 5005 kHz and Radio Africa on 15190 kHz were seemingly repaired again recently, with improved reception of both being heard. However, Radio Malabo on 6250 kHz is rarely reported. The status of Radio Africa on 15190 kHz may change shortly, as the station's owners Pan-American Broadcasting have begun to hire airtime on WRMI's newly acquired shortwave transmitters at Okeechobee in Florida (ex-Family Radio transmitter site) 2

Eritrea Voice of the Broad Masses of Eritrea (Dimtsi Hafash) currently operates its Programme 1 service on 7205 kHz and Programme 2 on 7175 kHz; transmitters may switch to adjacent frequencies at times to avoid Ethiopian jamming. Several Eritrean opposition groups continue to broadcast on shortwave. Ethiopia The External Service of Radio Ethiopia is currently using 7235v and 9565v kHz, including English at 1600-1700 and French at 1700-1800. These frequencies also carry programmes on behalf of Eritrean opposition groups at certain times. The National Service has not been heard since late 2012 when it was on 9705 kHz. Other Ethiopian shortwave broadcasts can be heard from Voice of the Tigray Revolution on 5950 kHz, Radio Oromiya on 6030 kHz, Amhara State Regional Radio on 6090 kHz, and Radio Fana on 6110 kHz. Several Ethiopian opposition groups continue to broadcast on shortwave, with Oromo Voice Radio the latest to take to the air on 4 January 2014. Gabon Africa No 1 in Moyabi on 9580 kHz was last heard in early 2013 but is now inactive. This is was last remaining shortwave transmitter on the air from Moyabi. Guinea RTG on 7125 kHz has not been reported for a while now, although in the past it has suddenly reappeared after a lengthy period of silence. Liberia Radio ELWA made a welcome return to shortwave in late December 2013. It was heard by Dave Valko in Pennsylvania on 21 December, who reported: 4760 ELWA - Surprised to find a signal here with man preaching with the mic positioned in the back of the room at 0704 tune-in. At 0705 preaching ended and the studio male came on in Afro-accented English and mentioned "beautiful celebration", and then at 0708:40 was shocked to hear ELWA IDs clearly and somewhat slowly! Then went into Hi-life music. 0714 man returned with more mentions of "celebrate" and "celebration", "broadcast". 0718 into choral singing with male talk voice-over saying "hallelujah", and male host came on at 0721. 0726-0731 "Oh Holy Night" by woman. 0732:05 ID. Mention of Liberia during talk by man at 0741. Was gradually and slowly fading but really took a nosedive between 0741-0751. Was still barely able to hear Afro singing at 0752. Very surprised and glad to see them back. e-QSL already received from Moses Nyantee who says they are testing 5:30-10:00 AM and 5:00-10:00 PM Liberia time. Will start regular broadcasts on 1 January 2014. Libya Radio-Television Libya has not been heard on 11600 kHz during the late afternoon/evening period for a while now. It had previously been heard with its Arabic service here. Madagascar Radio Madagasikara is reported on 6135 kHz, and sometimes on 5015 kHz The schedule for B-13 for the Madagascar Relay Station includes relays from AWR (for Madagascar and SE Asia), BBC (for the Horn of Africa), NHK Radio Japan (for Africa and South Asia), Vatican Radio (for Africa and SE Asia), Deutsche Welle (for West Africa), Radio Dialogue (for Zimbabwe), Radio Tamazuj/Radio Dabanga (for Sudan), Radio Impala (for Rwanda), Vatican Radio (for East Africa), Bible Voice (for East Asia), and Voice of Tibet (for East Asia). World Christian Broadcasting is still some way off starting regular broadcasts on shortwave from its new transmitter site in Madagascar, with progress seemingly being held up by red tape. Mali Radiodiffusion-Television Malienne is reported on 5995 kHz (mornings/evenings) and 9635 kHz (daytime), operating with only one shortwave transmitter nowadays. China Radio International continues to broadcast to Africa from its relay station near Bamako. Voice of America introduced a new broadcast in Bambara on 4 March 2013 in response to the situation in Mali, where French and African forces have been fighting Islamist militants. "Mali Kura" ("New Mali") can be heard Monday-Friday at 2130-2200 on 7325, 9620, 13670 and 15255.

Mauritania Radio Mauritania's shortwave transmitter, last heard on 7245 kHz, has not been reported since October 2012. Morocco The only remaining shortwave service from Morocco is from Medi 1 on 9575 kHz. This had been absent for several months but returned in early December 2013. Niger La Voix du Sahel is irregular on 9705 kHz. Nigeria Radio Nigeria, Kaduna continues to be heard on 6090v kHz and is the only Nigerian domestic station regularly heard on shortwave. The National Station in Abuja on 7275 kHz is irregular. Voice of Nigeria is heard between 0500-2300 via the old transmitter at Ikorodu on 15120, 9690 and 7255 kHz, whilst the new transmitter site at Abuja is heard with DRM transmissions in English between 18302000. Additional transmissions from Abuja are also reported at 0800-0900 and 2000-2130 in Hausa. Hamada Radio International is a commercial service broadcasting to Nigeria that originally started on 6 December 2010. It was heard again in December 2013 at 0530-0630 Mon-Fri on 7350 kHz. Rwanda Radio Rwanda is regularly heard on 6055 kHz. The schedule for B-13 from the Deutsche Welle Relay Station includes Deutsche Welle itself, BBC World Service, TWR, and FEBA Radio. Radio Inyabutatu is a target broadcasts which made its inaugural broadcast to Rwanda on 31 August 2013 and is heard on Saturdays at 1600-1700 on 17870 kHz (now via Issoudun, France). Radio Impala is another target broadcaster to Rwanda which was first reported in the WRTH B-13 update published on 5 February 2014. It is scheduled 1700-1800 on 17540 kHz (via Madagascar) in Kinyarwanda and is seemingly the same station previously reported (incorrectly?) as Radio Mara, which had started shortwave broadcasts on 19 November 2013. Sao Tome The B-13 schedule for the IBB Relay Station comprises of Voice of America broadcasts to Africa, including Studio 7 to Zimbabwe and Afia Darfur to Sudan. Seychelles The B-13 schedule for the BBC Indian Ocean Relay Station continues for BBC World Service transmissions to East Africa and the Horn of Africa. However, the BBC has announced that the site at Grand Anse, Mah, will cease all shortwave transmissions on 29 March 2014. The site was established in 1988 and has been in continuous service since then, relaying BBC broadcasts to audiences in East Africa primarily in English and Somali. In areas of East Africa still dependent on shortwave broadcasts, the signal will be supplied by other relay stations. Somalia It had been reported that a new radio station called Radio Puntland was to commence full time operations in June 2013 on 6140 and 13800 kHz with 25 kW, but little has been heard in recent months. Puntland is a self-declared autonomous state in northeast Somalia but unlike neighbouring Somaliland it does not seek outright independence from Somalia. A target broadcast continues for Somalia from Radio Ergo at 0830-0930 on 17680 kHz. Somaliland Radio Hargeisa is regularly heard on 7120 kHz. The schedule is believed to be 0330-0500, irregularly at 0500-0630 and 1230-1400, and then again at 1500-1900. South Africa Radio Sonder Grense broadcasts throughout the day on shortwave in Afrikaans to the Northern Cape on 3320, 7285 and 9650 kHz. Channel Africa, the external service of the SABC, broadcasts a weekday only service to Africa in several languages on single-frequencies between 0300-1800. The South African Radio League has two broadcasts via Meyerton for Southern Africa at 0800-0900 on Sundays at 0800-0900 on 7205 and 17660 kHz, and 1630-1730 on Mondays on 4895 kHz. 4

The B-13 schedule for the Meyerton Relay Station comprises of relays of AWR, BBC, Deutsche Welle, IBRA Radio, NHK Radio Japan, Radio France International, SW Radio Africa (for Zimbabwe), and the Voice of America. Sudan Sudan Radio is scheduled with its General Programme in Arabic on 7200 kHz at 0215-0430, 1430-1530, and 1930-2100, whilst the same transmitter is on 9505 kHz for the Voice of Africa external service in Tigrinya, Amharic, Swahili and English between 0600-0900, and in French, English and Hausa between 1630-1930. There are two target broadcasts to the troubled Darfur region of western Sudan that can be heard on shortwave. Radio Afia Darfur at 0300-0330 on 5885, 7275 and 9845 kHz, 1800-1830 on 9645, 11615 and 13715, and 1900-1930 on 9780, 9815 and 12080, and Radio Dabanga at 0430-0600 on 7315, 11940 and 15550 kHz, and 1530-1630 on 13800 and 15530 kHz. Radio Tamazuj has a special programme for people in the conflict area between North and South Sudan, and is heard at 0400-0430 on 7315, 11940 and 15550 kHz, and 1500-1530 on 13800 and 15530 kHz. South Sudan VOA's "South Sudan in Focus", reflecting US interest in the region, is aired Monday-Friday at 1630-1700 on 11790, 11905 and 12080 kHz. Miraya FM broadcasts on shortwave to South Sudan and the neighbouring regions in Arabic, with some English and Sudanese languages, at 0300-0600 on 11560 kHz. Swaziland TWR Swaziland continues to be heard with an extensive schedule on shortwave between 0255 and 2020 on several frequencies. Tunisia Radio Tunisienne has not been heard on shortwave since the beginning of 2014. It had previously operated with a reduced service on shortwave in Arabic reported at 0502-0602 on 7275 kHz and 0702-0802 on 7335 kHz. Uganda UBC Radio is heard on 4976 kHz mornings/evenings and 7195 kHz daytime. Dunamis Shortwave, broadcasting Christian programming to Uganda and South Sudan, is scheduled between 1500-1900 on 4750 kHz. It was presumably heard on 4750 kHz from tune in at 1717 until abrupt close at 1752 on 17 October 2013 with a weak signal. Programming was a loop of a continuous African sounding Christian song. May have been a test as station believed to have been inactive for some time. (Observations by Dave Kenny, Alan Pennington on Sheigra DXpedition) West Africa Swatu Linjiila (Radio Voice of the Gospel) is operated by the Lutheran World Federation for Fulani listeners in West Africa. It currently broadcasts at 1830-1900 on 9800 kHz (see under Cameroon). Western Sahara National Radio of the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic, which broadcasts from the Sahrawi refugee camp at Rabouni in Algeria, has not been heard on shortwave since June 2011. However it is heard regularly on mediumwave 1550 kHz. Zambia ZNBC Radio 1 on 5915 kHz is heard regularly between 0245-2205. However, ZNBC 2 on 6165 kHz is currently silent Zanzibar Zanzibar Broadcasting Corporation is scheduled 0300-0600 on 6015 kHz and 1500-2100 on 11735 kHz, with news in English at 1800. Well heard, but does have spells of inactivity on shortwave. Zimbabwe ZBC Radio Zimbabwe is heard on 6045 kHz, whilst the Voice of Zimbabwe service is reported on 4828 kHz (both may be absent on some days, presumably due to the power situation in Zimbabwe). Schedules for both frequencies are unconfirmed but they are heard by Bill Bingham in South Africa during the late afternoon/early evening period. Target broadcasts to Zimbabwe currently consist of Radio Dialogue at 1600-1700 on 12105 kHz and SW Radio Africa at 1700-1900 on 4880 kHz. Voice of America's "Studio 7" is aired Monday-Friday at 17001900 and Weekends at 1700-1800 on 4930, 12080 & 15455 kHz 5

ALGERIA
RADIO ALGRIENNE Radio Algrienne is part of Entreprise Nationale de Radiodiffusion Sonore (ENRS). Shortwave transmissions are currently relayed via Issoudun in France for listeners in North Africa and the Sahel. However, new 250 kW shortwave transmitters are currently being installed at Ourgla and Bechar. CHAINE 1 Transmitter Site: TDF, Issoudun, France - 500 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target 0400-0458 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 0500-0558 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 1800-1858 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 1900-2155 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 2100-2158 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel HOLY QUR'AN SERVICE with news in French Transmitter Site: TDF, Issoudun, France - 500 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target 0500-0505 Daily French North Africa/Sahel 0500-0658 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 1900-1905 Daily French North Africa/Sahel 1905-2000 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 2000-2005 Daily French North Africa/Sahel 2005-2058 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel 2100-2105 Daily French North Africa/Sahel 2105-2300 Daily Arabic North Africa/Sahel

Freq/kHz 5865 7295 11955 9390 9395

Freq/kHz 5865 5865 11775 11775 11775 11775 7495 7495

The following frequencies have been registered for B-13 season for Bechar and Ourgla in Algeria: Transmitter Sites: Bechar - 300 kW and Ourgla - 300 kW. Times/UTC Target Freq/kHz 0000-0200 North Africa/Sahel 9600-bec 0200-0400 North Africa/Sahel 7265-bec 0200-0400 West Africa 7250-our 0400-0600 North Africa/Sahel 5925/7340-bec 0400-0600 West Africa 5995/7265-our 0600-0700 North Africa/Sahel 7335/9815-bec 0600-0700 West Africa 9490-our 0700-0900 North Africa/Sahel 15220-bec 0700-0900 West Africa 11830-our 1800-1900 North Africa/Sahel 11690-bec 1800-1900 West Africa 11715-our 1900-0200 West Africa 11770/11965-our 1900-2300 North Africa/Sahel 11650/11655-bec NATIONAL RADIO OF THE SAHARAN ARAB DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC National Radio of the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic is located in the south-western Algerian town of Tindouf, near to the border with Western Sahara. See "Western Sahara" entry for further details.

ANGOLA
RADIO NACIONAL DE ANGOLA - CANAL A Radio Nacional de Angola is the official state-operated radio station with headquarters in Luanda. Canal A is the national channel broadcasting in Portuguese. Transmitter Site: Luanda-Mulenvos - 25 kW Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 24 hours Daily Portuguese 4950v

RADIO N'GOLA YETU Radio N'Gola Yetu broadcasts in the twelve national languages of Angola. Between 2000-2200, RNA's International Service in French and English is scheduled. Transmitter Site: Luanda-Mulenvos - 15 kW (probably operating at very low power; irregularly reported) Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0000-1200 Daily National Languages 7216.5v 1200-1300 Daily Portuguese - National News 7216.5v 1300-2000 Daily National Languages 7216.5v 2000-2100 Daily International Service - French 7216.5v 2100-2200 Daily International Service - English 7216.5v 2200-0000 Daily Portuguese - relay Canal A 7216.5v TARGET BROADCAST TO ANGOLA VOICE OF AMERICA - ANGOLA, FALO S Angola, Fala S is a weekly call-in show for listeners in Angola. The title for the Portuguese language show was inspired by a popular expression which is often used in the Angolan capital, Luanda. Transmitter Sites: Moepeng Hill, Botswana - 100 kW; Greenville, USA - 250 kW, Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1730-1800 Fri Portuguese Angola 13630-bot 17655-gre 1800-1830 Fri Portuguese Angola 13630-bot 17655-bot

ASCENSION ISLAND
BBC ATLANTIC RELAY STATION The BBC World Service relay station on Ascension Island began operations in 1967 with four 250 kW transmitters. Two additional 250 kW transmitters were moved from Daventry to Ascension Island in 1988. Nowadays the relay station is operated by Babcock. Transmitter Site: English Bay - 6 x 250 kW. Times/UTC Days Station Language Target Freq/kHz 0430-0500 Daily BBC French West & Central Africa 6135 7305 0500-0530 Daily Voice of America Hausa West Africa 6035 0500-0600 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 5875 6005 7325 0530-0600 Daily Deutsche Welle Portuguese Southern Africa 5905 0530-0600 Daily BBC Hausa West Africa 6135 7305 0600-0629 Daily BBC French West & Central Africa 7305 9870 0600-0700 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 6005 9410 9460 0630-0700 Daily BBC Hausa West Africa 7325 9440 0700-0730 Daily BBC French West & Central Africa 11800 0700-0800 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 9410 11770 12095 0800-1000 Daily NHK R Japan Japanese South America 12015 1200-1230 Daily BBC French West & Central Africa 17640 21630 1400-1430 Daily BBC Hausa West Africa 17780 21630 1600-1700 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 17640 17830 1700-1800 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 15400 17780 17830 1800-1830 Daily BBC French West & Central Africa 11860 11975 15105 1800-2000 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 11810 15400 1830-1845 Daily FEBA R French Central Africa 15250 1930-2000 Daily BBC Hausa West Africa 11890 15105 17885 2000-2030 Fri BBC Hausa West Africa 11890 17885 2000-2100 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 11810 12095 2100-2200 Daily BBC English West & Central Africa 9915 11810 12095 2130-2200 Mon-Fri Voice of America Bambara West Africa 15255 2145-2200 Mo/Tu/Th/Fr FEBA R Hassinya West Africa 9530 2200-2215 Mo/Tu/Th/Fr FEBA R Pulaar West Africa 9530

BENIN
ORTB - RADIO BENIN Radio Benin is the state-operated broadcasting service of ORTB in Benin. It was last reported on shortwave in 2006. ORTB - RADIO PARAKOU Radio Parakou is an ORTB regional station. It has not been heard on shortwave since January 2009.

BOTSWANA
RADIO BOTSWANA Radio Botswana is the state-run broadcasting service for Botswana. It was last heard on shortwave in early 2004. IBB BOTSWANA TRANSMITTING STATION The IBB Botswana Transmitting Station at Moepeng Hill was opened in 1991. It currently airs programmes from the Voice of America, VOA Studio 7 for Zimbabwe, and Afia Darfur for the troubled Darfur region of Sudan. Transmitter Site: Moepeng Hill - 4 x 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Service Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0330 Daily Afia Darfur Arabic Sudan 9845 0300-0600 Daily VOA English Southern Africa 4930 0330-0430 Sat/Sun VOA Kinyarwanda/Kirundi E Africa 9550 0500-0630 Daily VOA English Africa 15580 0530-0630 Mon-Fri VOA French Africa 6020 13830 1300-1400 Daily VOA Somali Horn of Africa 15620 1400-1500 Daily VOA English Africa 4930 15580 1500-1530 Daily VOA English Southern Africa 4930 1500-1530 Daily VOA Hausa West Africa 17700 1530-1700 Daily VOA English Africa 4930 6080 1600-1630 Daily VOA Somali Horn of Africa 15620 1630-1700 Mon-Fri VOa Sudanese English Sudan 12080 1630-1700 Daily VOA Swahili East Africa 13755 1700-1720 Fri-Sun VOA St 7 Shona Zimbabwe 4930 1700-1730 Mon-Thu VOA St 7 Shona Zimbabwe 4930 1700-1800 Daily VOA English Africa 13755 1700-1800 Daily VOA Portuguese Southern Africa 13630 1720-1740 Fri-Sun VOA St 7 English Zimbabwe 4930 1730-1800 Mon-Fri VOA Oromo Horn of Africa 9755 1730-1800 Mon-Thu VOA St 7 English Zimbabwe 4930 1740-1800 Fri-Sun VOA St 7 Ndebele Zimbabwe 4930 1800-1810 Fri VOA St 7 Shona Zimbabwe 4930 1800-1830 Mon-Fri VOA Portuguese Southern Africa 13630 17655 1800-1830 Mon-Thu VOA St 7 Ndebele Zimbabwe 4930 1810-1820 Fri VOA St 7 English Zimbabwe 4930 1820-1830 Fri VOA St 7 Ndebele Zimbabwe 4930 1830-1900 Mon-Fri VOA Kinyarwanda/Kirundi East Africa 13785 1830-1930 Daily VOA English Africa 4930 15580 1900-2000 Daily VOA French Central/West Africa 11840 1930-2000 Daily VOA English Africa 4930 15580 2000-2030 Daily VOA French Central/West Africa 9815 11840 2000-2100 Daily VOA English Africa 4930 2030-2100 Mon-Fri VOA Hausa West Africa 11860 2030-2100 Sat VOA Hausa West Africa 15225 2030-2100 Sat/Sun VOA French Central/West Africa 9840 15225(Sun) 2100-2130 Mon-Fri VOA French Central/West Africa 9480 2100-2200 Daily VOA English Africa 15580 8

BURKINA FASO
RTB - RADIO BURKINA Radio Burkina is the state-run broadcasting service for Burkina Faso. Radio Burkina has not been heard on shortwave since January 2010.

BURUNDI
RADIO-TELEVISION NATIONALE DU BURUNDI RTNB is the state-run broadcasting service in Burundi. It was last reported on shortwave in 2003.

CAMEROON
RADIO BUEA Radio Buea is the CRTV regional station for Cameroon's South-West Region. If still active, it is believed to be the last remaining CRTV station to operate on shortwave. Transmitter Site: Buea, South-West Province. Times Language Freq/kHz 0700-1700 English/Vernaculars 6005 - irregularly reported CAMEROON RADIO AND TELEVISION (CRTV) Shortwave broadcasting from Cameroon Radio and Television (CRTV) National Service has ceased. The main station at Yaounde was last heard in early 2000 on 4850 kHz. Shortwave services from CRTV regional stations are also believed to be inactive, with the CRTV website indicating that regional stations are now FM only. However, the shortwave status of Radio Buea is unconfirmed (as above). TARGET BROADCAST TO CAMEROON / WEST AFRICA SAWTU LINJIILA (RADIO VOICE OF THE GOSPEL) Sawtu Linjiila is a broadcast from the Lutheran World Federation for Fulani listeners in West Africa. Transmitter Site: Issoudun, France - 500 kW (brokered by MBR, Germany) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1830-1900 Daily Fulani West Africa 9800-iss

CANARY ISLANDS
RADIO NACIONAL DE ESPANA SHORTWAVE RELAY STATION RNE opened the Centro Emisor de Atlantico shortwave relay station at Las Mesas, Tenerife, in 1964 with two 50 kW SW transmitters for relays to the Americas. They remained in service until 1988.

CAPE VERDE
RADIO NACIONAL DE CABO VERDE Radio Nacional de Cabo Verde (A Voz do Sao Vicente) was last reported on shortwave in late 1989.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC


RADIO CENTRAFRIQUE - RADIODIFFUSION-TELEVISION CENTRAFRICAINE Radio Centrafrique is the state-operated radio service of the Central African Republic. In recent years, Radio Centrafrique has been heard on 7220 kHz during daytime hours only. A new 1 kW shortwave transmitter was installed in May 2010 to operate on 5035 kHz. However, as of December 2013 there have been no reports of either frequency.

RADIO ICDI Radio ICDI is the radio station belonging to Water for God (formerly known as Integrated Community Development International), a Christian ministry founded by Jim Hocking in 2003. Official broadcasts with a 1 kW shortwave transmitter started on 1 March 2007 on 6030 kHz with Christian programming and community health information. A second 1 kW shortwave transmitter donated by HCJB Global Voice was installed in April 2010 and went live on 1 April 2011 on 3390 kHz. Radio ICDI was put off air in March 2013 when Selaka rebels advanced on Bangui, with their studio and equipment looted. However, in May 2013 the station returned with a limited schedule and is now currently reported to be on air between 05301600 on 6030 kHz only. Transmitter Site: Boali - 2 x 1 kW. Times/UTC Languages Freq/kHz 0530-1600 French/Sango/Fulfude/Bayaka 6030 RADIO NDEKE LUKA Radio Ndeke Luka was established by the French-based Fondation Hirondelle as a replacement for the UN's Radio MINURCA with the intention of acting as a link between the UN, NGOs and the population. It commenced transmissions first on FM in 2000 and then with a shortwave relay in 2003 via a VT Communications transmitter in the UK. The shortwave transmission was cancelled in July 2005. Radio Ndeke Luka continued to broadcast on FM in the Central African Republic and later also had a two-hour daily programme in Sango broadcast over Radio ICDI (see above) between 6-8 pm local time. On 3 February 2014, a half-hour broadcast in French was introduced on shortwave via a Babock transmitter at Dhabbaya, UAE. Transmitter Site: Dhabbaya, UAE - 250 kW (transmission brokered by Babock). Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1900-1930 Daily French Central African Rep 17500

CEUTA AND MELILLA


There is no shortwave broadcasting in Ceuta, Melilla, or any other Spanish possessions in North Africa.

CHAD
OFFICE NATIONALE DE RADIODIFFUSION ET DE TLVISION DU TCHAD - RADIO TCHAD Radio Tchad is the state-operated broadcasting service of Chad. Its current shortwave transmitter was commissioned in 1984 and refurbished in 2004 thanks to financial and technical help from Taiwan. Transmitter Site: Ndjamena-Gredia - 250 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0430v-0730v Daily French/Arabic/Vernaculars 6165v 0730v-1030v Sat/Sun French/Arabic/Vernaculars 6165v 1030v-2230v(-2300v Sat) Daily French/Arabic/Vernaculars 6165v Note: has not been reported since October 2013 and may be temporarily inactive.

COMOROS
OFFICE DE RADIO ET TELEVISION DES COMORES - RADIO COMORES Radio Comores is the national radio service of the Comoros. It was last reported on shortwave in 1997.

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO


RADIO TELE CANDIP Radio Tele Candip was established in 1974. Transmitter Site: Bunia - 1 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0400-0700v Daily French/Vernaculars 5066.3v 1300-1900v Daily French/Vernaculars 5066.3v

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RADIO KAHUZI Radio Kahuzi is operated by a Christian group called Believer's Express Service, Inc. The station was established by Richard and Kathy McDonald that has been broadcasting from Bukavu since 1991 on FM. A 1 kW shortwave transmitter was added in February 2001, reaching a larger portion of Central Africa. Transmitter site: Bukavu - 0.8 kW (built by HCJB). Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0400-0700 Mon-Fri - irregular French 6209.6v - unconfirmed, not reported recently 1630-2000 Mon-Fri - irregular Swahili/English/French 6209.6v - unconfirmed, not reported recently RADIODIFFUSION-TELEVISION NATIONALE CONGOLAISE There is currently no shortwave service from the Kinshasa-based national station of RadiodiffusionTelevision Nationale Congolaise (RTNC) and it now operates on FM only. RTNC in Kinshasa was last reported on shortwave in the late 1990's on 15245v kHz from a 100 kW transmitter. All official RTNC regional stations are also believed to be inactive on shortwave. TARGET BROADCAST TO DR CONGO RADIO OKAPI Radio Okapi is a joint initiative between the UN Mission in the DRC and Fondation Hirondelle. It was established in early 2002 with three 10 kW shortwave transmitters in Kinshasa that were used on 6030, 9550 and 11690 kHz. These were later replaced by shortwave relays from outside the DRC (from Meyerton, South Africa and Dhabbaya, UAE). Radio Okapi is currently aired on a network of FM transmitters around the country, but shortwave broadcasts appear to have been discontinued during the A-13 season.

REPUBLIC OF CONGO
RADIO CONGO Radio Congo is the government-controlled broadcasting service of the Republic of Congo. It was reactivated on shortwave in January 2009, although with a much reduced schedule. Transmitter Site: Brazzaville. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0600-1830v irregular French/Vernacular Domestic 6115 Note: sign-off can vary quite significantly from 1810v to 1840v and is nothing more than an abrupt ending mid-sentence during a talk or news report already in progress.

DJIBOUTI
RADIODIFFUSION TELEVISION DE DJIBOUTI Radiodiffusion Television de Djibouti is the state-operated broadcasting service of Djibouti. Radio Djibouti's current shortwave transmitter was donated by the US government's IBB in early 2005 in exchange for the installation of a 600 kW mediumwave transmitter for use by Radio Sawa. Transmitter Site: Djibouti-Doraleh - 50 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-2100 Daily Afar/Arabic/Somali Horn of Africa 4780 Note: sign-off is at 2200 during Ramadan. However, RTD has been reported on extended schedule beyond 2200 during November 2013.

EGYPT
EGYPTIAN RADIO AND TELEVISION UNION ERTU is owned and operated by the Egyptian government. Following its inauguration in 1934, the Egyptian Broadcasting Corporation, as it was then called, developed slowly until the emergance of Colonel Nasser in 1952 when Egyptian radio's coverage and influence rapidly grew throughout the Arab World and North Africa. The General Programme, Voice of the Arabs, and the Radio Cairo external service are currently broadcast on shortwave from Egypt.

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EGYPTIAN RADIO - GENERAL PROGRAMME The General Programme is the ERTU's flagship radio service. It was founded in 1934. Although intended primarily for a domestic audience, it has traditionally been broadcast on shortwave for Arabic-speaking Transmitter Site: Abis - 250 kW; Abu Zaabal - 100/250 kW. listeners outside of Egypt. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0200-0700 Daily Arabic North America 9905-abs 0700-1100 Daily Arabic West & Central Africa 17510-abz VOICE OF THE ARABS Voice of the Arabs was founded in 1953 and was once the most influential broadcast medium in the Transmitter Site: Abu Zaabal - 100 kW. Middle East and North Africa. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1900-0030 Daily Arabic North-East Africa 11540-abz RADIO CAIRO Radio Cairo was founded in 1953 and is the external service of Egyptian radio. It has traditionally served listeners outside of the Arab world with its African and overseas services. Transmitter Site: Abis - 250 kW; Abu Zaabal - 100/250 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0400-0600 Daily Swahili East Africa 11970-abz 1015-1215 Daily Arabic Middle East 17480-abz 1215-1330 Daily English South & South-East Asia 17870-abz 1230-1400 Daily Indonesian South-East Asia 15710-abs 1330-1400 Daily Dari West Asia 15360-abz 1300-1600 Daily Arabic West Africa 15800-abs 1330-1530 Daily Persian West Asia 15245-abz 1400-1600 Daily Pashto West Asia 15545-abz 1500-1600 Daily Albanian South-East Europe 13580-abz 1500-1600 Daily Uzbek Central Asia 11610-abz 1600-1700 Daily Afar East Africa 15450-abz 1600-1800 Daily English Central & Southern Africa 15345-abz 1600-1800 Daily Swahili East Africa 17840-abz 1600-1800 Daily Urdu West Asia 13670-abz 1700-1730 Daily Somali East Africa 15285-abz 1700-1900 Daily Turkish South-East Europe 9745-abs 1730-1900 Daily Amharic East Africa 15285-abz 1800-1900 Daily Italian Southern Europe 9655-abz 1800-2100 Daily Hausa West Africa 15710-abs 1845-2000 Daily Fulfulde West Africa 17625-abz 1900-2000 Daily German Central Europe 9410-abz 1900-2000 Daily Russian Russia 9885-abs 1900-2030 Daily English West Africa 15290-abz 2000-2115 Daily French Western Europe 9410-abz 2000-2200 Daily Arabic Australasia 15225-abz 2030-2230 Daily French West & Central Africa 15205-abs 2115-2245 Daily English Western Europe 9900-abz 2215-2330 Daily Portuguese South America 15480-abz 2300-0030 Daily English North America 9965-abs 2330-0045 Daily Arabic South America 11760-abs 15480-abz 0030-0430 Daily Arabic North America 9965-abz 0045-0200 Daily Spanish The Americas 9720-abz 11760-abs 12080-abs 0200-0330 Daily English North America 9720-abz Note: Many frequencies have severe technical problems such as extreme distortion/undermodulation. MIDDLE EAST RADIO As a result of intermodulation on Radio Cairo's 315/325/330 antenna with Middle East Radio on 774 kHz, the latter is heard on shortwave as follows with programming in Arabic: 0030-0430 on 9191 kHz 1800-1900 on 8881 kHz 2115-2245 on 9126 kHz 0200-0700 on 11131 kHz 1900-2115 on 8636 kHz 2300-0030 on 9191 kHz 12

EQUATORIAL GUINEA
RIO MUNI RADIO BATA Radio Bata is the state-operated broadcasting service based on mainland Rio Muni. Transmitter Site: Bata - 50 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0500-2300 Daily Spanish/Vernaculars Domestic 5005 PAN AMERICAN BROADCASTING - RADIO AFRICA Pan American Broadcasting leases a transmitter from the authorities in Equatorial Guinea and uses it to broadcast pre-recorded US evangelical programmes to Africa. The current 50 kW shortwave transmitter was installed by Chinese technicians in 2005. Transmitter Site: Bata - 50 kW. Times/UTC Language/programming Target Freq/kHz 0500v-0900v English - US evangelical programmes Africa 15190 1400v-2300v English - US evangelical programmes Africa 15190 The status of Radio Africa on 15190 kHz may change shortly as the station's owners, Pan-American Broadcasting, have begun to hire airtime on WRMI's newly acquired shortwave transmitters at Okeechobee in Florida (ex-Family Radio transmitter site) and this may eventually replace the transmissions from Equatorial Guinea. Since 1 December 2013, Radio Africa has been aired from Okeechobee as follows: Transmitter Site: Okeechobee, Florida - 100 kW. Times/UTC Language/programming Target Freq/kHz 1400-2000 English - US evangelical programmes Africa 17790 2000-2300 English - US evangelical programmes Africa 15190 BIOKO ISLAND (FERNANDO PO) RADIO MALABO Radio Malabo is the state-operated broadcasting service based on Bioko Island. Transmitter Site: Malabo (Semu) - 20 kW transmitter. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0530v-1830v Daily Spanish/Vernaculars Domestic 6250 - irregularly reported

ERITREA
ERITREAN RADIO - VOICE OF THE BROAD MASSES OF ERITREA (DIMTSI HAFASH) Voice of the Broad Masses of Eritrea (Dimtsi Hafash) is the state run broadcasting service in Eritrea. ERITREAN RADIO - VOBME - PROGRAMME 1 Transmitter Site: Asmara/Selea Daro - 100 kW. Main frequency: 7205 kHz (may switch to adjacent freqs to avoid Ethiopian jamming) Times/UTC Days Languages 0355-1000 Daily Tigrinya/Tigre/Kunana 1300-1800 Daily Tigrinya/Tigre/Kunana ERITREAN RADIO - VOBME - PROGRAMME 2 Transmitter Site: Asmara/Selea Daro - main transmitter 100 kW. Main frequency: 7175 kHz (may switch to adjacent freqs to avoid Ethiopian jamming) Times/UTC Days Languages 0355-1000 Daily Arabic/Afar/Amharic/Oromo/Saho/Bilen/Hedareb/Nara/Somali 1300-1800 Daily Arabic/Afar/Amharic/Oromo/Saho/Bilen/Hedareb/Nara/Somali Note: Programmes are also carried on behalf of Ethiopian opposition groups.

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TARGET BROADCASTS TO ERITREA VOICE OF PEACE AND DEMOCRACY OF ERITREA Believed to support the Ethiopian-backed National Alliance of Eritrean Forces. Transmitter Site: via Radio Ethiopia External Service - Gedja - 100 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0400-0430 Mon/Wed/Fri Tigrinya/Vernaculars Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v 1800-1830 Mon/Wed/Fri Tigrinya/Vernaculars Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v VOICE OF THE DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE Broadcasts in support of the opposition Eritrean Democratic Alliance. Transmitter Site: via Radio Ethiopia External Service - Gedja - 100 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1500-1530 Mon/Tue/Wed/Fri Arabic Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v 1500-1530 Tue/Thu/Sat Tigrigna Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v 1530-1600 Mon/Wed/Fri Kunama Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v 1530-1600 Tue/Thu/Sat Afar Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v 1530-1600 Sun Tigrinya Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v DIMTSE RADIO ERENA Dimtse Radio Erena began target broadcasts to Eritrea on shortwave in November 2012. Transmitter Site: Kostinbrod, Bulgaria - 50 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1700-1730 Daily Tigrinya Eritrea 11560-kos RADIO ASSENNA Broadcasts in support of assenna.com. Transmitter Site: Kostinbrod, Bulgaria - 50 kW (brokered by Alyx & Yeyi, Miami) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1700-1800 Mon/Wed/Fri Tigrinya Horn of Africa 11720-kos RADIO MEDREK Radio Medrek (Radio Forum) broadcasts in support of the National Dialogue Forum for Ertireans it was first reported 15 October 2013 as Voice of the Forum of Eritreans. Transmitter Site: Issoudun, France - 250 kW (brokered by Alyx & Yeyi, Miami) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1800-1900 Sat Tigrinya Horn of Africa 11720-iss VOICE OF ERITREA Broadcasts in support of the Eritean People's Movement. Transmitter Site: via Radio Ethiopia External Service - Gedja - 100 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1800-1830 Tue/Thu/Sat Tigrinya Horn of Africa 7235v 9565v

ETHIOPIA
RADIO ETHIOPIA - EXTERNAL SERVICE Radio Ethiopia's External Service is a state-run broadcasting service. Transmitter Site: Addis Ababa (Geja) - 2 x 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target 0400-0430 unconfirmed Eritrean opposition East Africa/Middle East 0700-0800 Daily Somali East Africa/Middle East 1200-1300 Daily Somali East Africa/Middle East 1300-1400 Daily Afar East Africa/Middle East 1400-1500 Daily Arabic East Africa/Middle East 1500-1600 unconfirmed Eritrean opposition East Africa/Middle East 1600-1700 Daily English East Africa/Middle East 1700-1800 Daily French East Africa/Middle East 1800-1830 Mon-Sat Eritrean opposition East Africa/Middle East 14

Freq/kHz 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v 7235v 9565v

Eritrean opposition broadcasts via Radio Ethiopia External Service (subject to confirmation): 0400-0430 Voice of Peace and Democracy of Eritrea 1500-1600 Voice of the Democratic Alliance 1800-1830 Voice of Peace and Democracy of Eritrea or Voice of Eritrea RADIO ETHIOPIA - NATIONAL SERVICE Radio Ethiopia is the state-operated broadcasting service of Ethiopia. The National Service has not been heard recently on shortwave (last reported on 9705 kHz). It had operated between 0300-2100 in Amharic and other Ethiopian languages, with a programme in English weekdays at 1200-1300. The transmitters that had previously been used in the past may have been assigned to jamming broadcasts originating from neighbouring Eritrea, which include programmes on behalf of various Ethiopian opposition groups. RADIO FANA Radio Fana is described as Ethiopia's first national private broadcasting station. Transmitter Site: Addis Ababa - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-2100 Daily Amharic/Oromo/Somali/Afar Domestic 6110 (7210 not recently reported) VOICE OF THE TIGRAY REVOLUTION (DIMTSI WOYANE TIGRAY) Official broadcasting station of the Tigre Region. Transmitter Site: Addis Ababa (Geja) - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-1730 Daily Tigrigna/Afar Domestic 5950 (alt: 5935 / 5980 / 6170) 1730-2000 Mon-Fri Tigrigna/Afar Domestic 5950 (alt: 5935 / 5980 / 6170) AMHARA STATE REGIONAL RADIO Offical broadcasting station of the Amhara Region. Transmitter Site: Addis Ababa (Geja) - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0600 Daily Amharic Domestic 6090 0900-1100 Daily Amharic Domestic 6090 1400-1900 Daily Amharic Domestic 6090 RADIO OROMIYA Official broadcasting station of the Oromiya Region. Transmitter Site: Addis Ababa (Geja) - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0600 Daily Oromia Domestic 6030 0600-0900 Sat/Sun Oromia Domestic 6030 0900-1100 Daily Oromia Domestic 6030 1100-1530 Sat/Sun Oromia Domestic 6030 1530-1900 Daily Oromia Domestic 6030 TARGET BROADCASTS TO ETHIOPIA RADIO XORIYO (RADIO FREEDOM) Broadcasts in support of the Ogaden National Liberation Front. Transmitter Sites: Tiganesti, Romania - 150 kW (brokered by IRRS Shortwave); Kostinbrod, Bulgaria - 50 kW (brokered by Alyx & Yeyi, Miami); Issoundun - 500 kW (brokered by MBR) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1500-1530 Fri Somali Horn of Africa 15515-tig 1600-1630 Mon/Fri Somali Horn of Africa 17870-kos 1600-1630 Tue/Sat Somali Horn of Africa 17630-iss RADIO OROMGENATI Transmitter site: Tiganesti, Romania - 150 kW (brokered by IRRS Shortwave) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1500-1530 Sat Oromo Horn of Africa 15515-tig

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OROMO VOICE RADIO Broadcasts in support of Madda Walaabuu Media Foundation. The first broadcast was 4 January 2014. Transmitter site: Issoudun, France - 250 kW (brokered by MBR, Germany) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1600-1630 Mon/Wed/Sat Oromo/English Horn of Africa 17850-iss ESAT RADIO ESAT Radio describes itself as the first independent Ethiopian satellite service tasked to produce accurate and balanced news and information. Regular programmes were launched in October 2011. Transmitter Site: Kostinbrod, Bulgaria - 50 kW (brokered by Alyx & Yeyi, Miami) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1700-1800 Mon Amharic Horn of Africa 15380 1700-1800 Tue Amharic Horn of Africa 15365 1700-1800 Wed Amharic Horn of Africa 15385 1700-1800 Thu Amharic Horn of Africa 15370 1700-1800 Fri Amharic Horn of Africa 15390 1700-1800 Sat Amharic Horn of Africa 15375 1700-1800 Sun Amharic Horn of Africa 15360 VOICE OF OROMO LIBERATION (SBO) Broadcasts in support of the Oromo Liberation Front. Transmitter Site: Issoudun, France - 100 kW (brokered by MBR, Germany) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1700-1800 Wed/Sun Oromo/Amharic Horn of Africa 13810

GABON
RADIODIFFUSION TELEVISION GABONAISE - RADIO GABON RTG is the state-operated broadcasting service in Gabon. It was last reported on shortwave in 2008. AFRICA NO. 1 Africa No 1 is a commercial service for French-speaking Africa operating from studios in Libreville. Prior to the fall of the Gaddafi regime, the Libyan government had been the majority shareholder in the station, although it had reportedly had been suffering from severe financial difficulties during the period prior to and during the Libyan Revolution. It has not been reported on shortwave (9580 kHz) since May 2013. MOYABI TRANSMITTING STATION The Moyabi Transmitting Station was inaugurated in 1979 and over the years hosted relays of Radio France Internationale, Swiss Radio International and Radio Japan, amongst others. At the end of the B-07 season on 29 March 2008, Radio Japan discontinued the last remaining relay via Moyabi by an international broadcasting station, leaving just Africa No 1 as the the sole user of the station at that time.

GAMBIA
GAMBIA RADIO AND TELEVISION SERVICE GRTS is Gambia's public service broadcaster. Radio Gambia was last heard on SW in the mid-1970's.

GHANA
GHANA BROADCASTING CORPORATION GBC is the public broadcasting service in Ghana. It was last reported on shortwave in 2007 by which time it had been reduced to broadcasting the domestic service on just one frequency, following the breakdown of the other transmitter a few years earlier.

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GUINEA
RADIO-TLVISION GUINENNE - RADIO CONAKRY Radio-Tlvision Guinenne (RTG) is the state-operated broadcasting service of Guinea. Transmitter Site: Conakry. Times/UTC Language Target Freq/kHz 0555(0755 Sun)-2300v French/Vernaculars Domestic 7125 - irregularly reported Note: the RTG shortwave transmitter has suffered from technical problems for many years and is often off-air for many months at a time before suddently reappearing for short periods. FAMILIA FM Radio Familia (ex-4900 kHz & FM) ceased operations in February 2011 after a dispute between manager and director. The 1 kW transmitter still is inside the country, but will not be reactivated there. There are plans for shipping it to a neighbouring country, but nothing definite yet. This according to direct communications with the former management of Radio Familia. (Harald Kuhl, 26 October 2012)

GUINEA-BISSAU
RADIODIFUSO NACIONAL DE REPUBLICA DE GUNI-BISSAU RDN is the state-run broadcasting service in Guinea-Bissau. It was last reported on shortwave in 1987.

IVORY COAST
RADIODIFFUSION TELEVISION IVOIRIENNE RTI is the state-broadcasting service of Ivory Coast. It was last reported on shortwave in 1996.

KENYA
KENYA BROADCASTING CORPORATION Kenya Broadcasting Corporation is a state corporation established by an Act of Parliament CAP 221 of the laws of Kenya to undertake public services. KBC left shortwave in the 1990's.

LESOTHO
LESOTHO NATIONAL BROADCASTING SERVICE - RADIO LESOTHO LNBS is the state-run broadcasting service in Lesotho. It was last heard on shortwave in 2005. BBC WORLD SERVICE RELAY STATION BBC World Service relay station in Lesotho was opened in 1979 with two 100 kW shortwave transmitters. It closed on 30th September 1996, with shortwave relays switching to Meyerton in South Africa.

LIBERIA
RADIO ELWA Radio ELWA is a Christian radio station in Monrovia. After having its facilities destroyed in the Liberian civil war, a 1 kW shortwave transmitter built by HCJB Global was later installed in 2000 (for 4760 kHz) and a 5 kW shortwave transmitter built by Elcor in 2008 (for 6070 kHz). In early 2011, both shortwave transmitters were inactive due to the the theft of copper wire for the antenna and other equipment. In November 2011 it was reported that the Radio ELWA studio compound in Monrovia had been completely destroyed by fire, although they remained on air on FM from a temporary building. On 21 December 2013, Radio ELWA resumed shortwave transmissions with the station back on 4760 kHz. Transmitter Site: Monrovia - 1 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0530-1000 Daily English/Vernaculars Domestic 4760 1700-2200 Daily English/Vernaculars Domestic 4760 17

LIBYA
RADIO TELEVISION LIBYA - RADIO LIBYA Radio-Television Libya was first heard in October 2011 with a service in French on 11600 kHz and was the replacement for the Gaddafi-era Voice of Africa external service. In September 2012, French programming was replaced by an Arabic service between 1500v-2000v. The transmitter currently appears to be inactive.

MADAGASCAR
RADIO MADAGASIKARA/RADIO NATIONALE MALGACHE Radio Madagasikara is the state-run broadcasting service in Madagascar. Transmitter Site: Fenoarive - 10/20/30/100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0300-0500 Daily Malagasy 5015v 0500-1500 Daily Malagasy 5015v 6135 1500-1900 (-2100 Sat/Sun) Daily Malagasy 5015v Note: has been heard on 5015v kHz (rather than 5010) since mid-May 2013, although may be irregular. MADAGASCAR RELAY STATION The relay station at Talata-Volonsdry went into full operation in mid-1972 and was owned and operated by Radio Netherlands until 2012 when ownership was passed to Malagasy Global Business S.A Transmitter Site: Talata-Volondry - 50/125/250 kW. Times/UTC Days Station Language Target Freq/kHz 0230-0330 Daily AWR Malagasy Madagascar 3215 0300-0330 Daily Vatican R English East Africa 9660 0315-0400 Daily NHK R Japan Swahili East Africa 7395 0330-0345 Daily Vatican R Swahili East Africa 9660 0330-0345 Sun Vatican R Swahili East Africa 9660 0330-0400 Mon-Sat Vatican R Swahili East Africa 9660 0345-0400 Sun Vatican R Somali Horn of Africa 11625 0400-0415 Daily Vatican R Amharic Horn of Africa 13765 0400-0430 Daily BBC Somali Horn of Africa 11995 0400-0430 Daily R Tamazuj Sudanese langs Sudan 11940 0415-0430 Daily Vatican R Tigrigna Horn of Africa 13765 0430-0500 Daily Vatican R French Central Africa 13765 0430-0600 Daily R Dabanga Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 11940 0500-0530 Daily Vatican R English Central/Southern Africa 13765 0530-0600 Daily NHK R Japan French Central Africa 13840 0530-0600 Daily Vatican R Portuguese Southern Africa 13765 1100-1130 Sat Bible Voice English East Asia 21480 1100-1200 Tue-Thu Bible Voice Cantonese East Asia 21480 1115-1130 Fri Bible Voice English East Asia 21480 1115-1130 Mon Bible Voice Chinese East Asia 21480 1115-1130 Sun Bible Voice English East Asia 21480 1130-1145 Sun Bible Voice Japanese East Asia 21480 1145-1200 Sun Bible Voice Japanese East Asia 21480 1300-1400 Daily AWR Vietnamese South-East Asia 17670 1400-1430 Daily Voice of Tibet Tibetan East Asia 15520 1430-1515 Daily NHK R Japan Hindi South Asia 15720 1430-1530 Daily AWR Malagasy Madagascar 6155 1500-1530 Daily R Tamazuj Sudanese langs Sudan 13800 1530-1630 Daily R Dabanga Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 13800 1600-1615 Sat Vatican R Swahili East Africa 13765 1600-1630 Sun-Fri Vatican R Swahili East Africa 13765 1600-1700 Daily R Dialogue English Southern Africa 12105 1615-1630 Sat Vatican R Somali Horn of Africa 13765 1630-1645 Daily Vatican R Amharic Horn of Africa 13765 18

1645-1700 1700-1800 1730-1800 1800-1900 1900-2100 2030-2100

Wed-Sun Daily Daily Daily Daily Daily

Vatican R R Impala NHK R Japan Deutsche Welle AWR NHK R Japan

Tigrinya Kinyarwanda Swahili Hausa Arabic French

Horn of Africa Great Lakes East Africa West Africa Middle East/North Africa Central/West Africa

13765 17540 13730 17800 15480 11850

WORLD CHRISTIAN BROADCASTING - MADAGASCAR WORLD VOICE In November 2004 World Christian Broadcasting obtained 85 acres of land in Madagascar for a new transmitter site. Since then the project to get Madagascar World Voice, as the station will be known, has been making slow progress towards its goal of broadcasting Gospel programming to the Middle East, Africa, South America, China, Russia, India, Indonesia and Europe. As of early November 2013, World Christian Broadcasting were hoping that the elections in Madagacar would result in a new president who would appoint a Minister of Communcations that would approve the sending of the three shortwave transmitters intended for the new site on the island.

MALAWI
MALAWI BROADCASTING CORPORATION MBC is the state-run broadcasting organisation in Malawi. It was last heard on shortwave in 2002.

MALI
OFFICE DE RADIODIFFUSION-TELEVISION DU MALI (ORTM) RTM is the state-operated broadcasting service in Mali. Transmitter Site: Bamako - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0555-0800 Daily French/Vernaculars 5995 0800-1800 Daily French/Vernaculars 9635 1800-0000 Daily French/Vernaculars 5995 CHINA RADIO INTERNATIONAL RELAY STATION China Radio International was first relayed via transmitters in Mali in 1988. Transmitter Site: Bamako - 2 x 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0800-0900 Daily Hausa Africa 7295 1300-1400 Daily English Africa 13685 17880 1400-1500 Daily English Africa 13685 17630 1500-1600 Daily English Africa 13685 17630 1600-1700 Daily Arabic Africa 15125 17880 1700-1730 Daily Swahili Africa 113645 15125 1730-1830 Daily Hausa Africa 11640 13645 1830-1930 Daily Arabic Africa 11640 13685 1930-2000 Daily Portuguese Africa 11640 13630 2000-2100 Daily English Africa 11640 13630 2100-2130 Daily English Africa 11640 13630 2130-2230 Daily French Africa 11975 13630 2230-2300 Daily Chinese Africa 11975 15505 2300-0000 Daily Chinese Africa 7295 11975 TARGET BROADCAST TO MALI VOICE OF AMERICA - MALI KURA (New Mali) Mali Kura was launched on 4 March 2013 in response to the siutation in Mali. Transmitter Site: Ascension - 250 kW; Sao Tome - 100 kW; Greenville NC USA - 250 kW; Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz Woofferton, UK - 250 kW 2130-2200 Mon-Fri Bambara West Africa 7325-wof 9620-sao 13670-gre 15255-asc

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MAURITANIA
RADIO OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF MAURITANIA Radio Mauritanie is the state-operated broadcasting service in Mauritania. It was last heard on shortwave on 7245 kHz in October 2012.

MAURITIUS
MAURITIUS BROADCASTING CORPORATION MBC is inactive on shortwave. MBC was last listed on shortwave in WRTH 1988 edition.

MAYOTTE
There is no shortwave broadcasting on Mayotte.

MOROCCO
RADIODIFFUSION-TELEVISION MAROCAINE RTM is the state-operated broadcasting service in Morocco. It was last reported on shortwave in mid2012 and has now presumably discontinued shortwave broadcasting. RADIO MEDITERRANE INTERNATIONALE - MEDI 1 Medi 1 is a commercial broadcasting service based in Tangiers that first went on air in 1980. Transmitter Site: Nador - 250 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0500-0000 Daily Arabic/French Europe/North Africa/Middle East 9575 IBB RELAY STATION - BRIECH IBB transmissions from the IBB Briech began broadcasting in 1993 but were discontinued on 30 March 2008, with relays of Radiodiffiusion-Television Marocaine (RTM) ending a month later on 30 April 2008.

MOZAMBIQUE
RADIO MOZAMBIQUE RM shortwave transmitters were officially decommissioned during 2001 in favour of mediumwave and FM.

NAMIBIA
NAMIBIA BROADCASTING CORPORATION NBC is the state broadcasting service in Namibia. It was last heard on shortwave in 2004.

NIGER
ORTN - LA VOIX DU SAHEL ORTN is the state-operated broadcasting service in Niger. Transmitter Site: Niamey - 100 kW transmitter. Times/UTC Language Frequencies/kHz 0500-2300 (-2200 Sun) French/Vernaculars 9705 - irregular

NIGERIA
FEDERAL RADIO CORPORATION OF NIGERIA The FRCN is Nigeria's publicly funded radio broadcasting organisation. Among its subsidiaries are the domestic radio network known as Radio Nigeria and the Voice of Nigeria international radio service 20

RADIO NIGERIA-KADUNA Radio Nigeria-Kaduna is the regional broadcasting station of the FRCN for Kaduna State. Transmitter Site: Kaduna - 50 kW. Times/UTC Days Service/Language Freq/kHz 0400-2305 Daily Channel 1 - Hausa 6090v RADIO NIGERIA NATIONAL STATION-ABUJA ("THE VOICE OF UNITY") Radio Nigeria-Abuja is the National Station of the FRCN based in the capital, Abuja. Transmitter Site: Abuja. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0530-1200 Daily English/Vernaculars 7275 - irregularly reported VOICE OF NIGERIA (INTERNATIONAL SERVICE) The Voice of Nigeria is the official international broadcasting station of Nigeria. At present shortwave transmissions originate from both the old Ikorodu transmitter site and the new site at Lugbe in Abuja, although Abuja is expected to increase its capacity in the future. Transmitter Site: Ikorodu - 350 kW and Abuja (Lugbe) - 3 x 250 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0500-0700 Daily English Europe/North Africa 15120-iko 0700-0800 Daily French Europe/North Africa 15120-iko 0800-0900 Daily Hausa West Africa 9690-abj 0800-0900 Daily English Europe/North Africa 15120-iko 0900-1200 Daily English West Africa 9690-iko 1500-1600 Daily English Europe/North Africa 15120-iko 1600-1630 Daily Swahili East Africa 9690-iko 1630-1700 Daily Yoruba West Africa 9690-iko 1700-1730 Daily Igbo West Africa 9690-iko 1730-1800 Daily Arabic North Africa 15120-iko 1800-2000 Daily English West Africa 7255-iko 1830-2000 Daily English Europe/North Africa 15120-abj - DRM (irregular) 2000-2100 Daily French West Africa 7255-iko 2000-2130 Daily Hausa West Africa 9690-abj 2100-2200 Daily Fulfulde West Africa 7255-iko 2200-2300 Daily Hausa West Africa 7255-iko TARGET BROADCASTS TO NIGERIA HAMADA RADIO INTERNATIONAL Hamada Radio International is a commercial service broadcasting to Nigeria that originally started on 6 December 2010. It resumed shortwave broadcasts in December 2013. Transmitter Site: Nauen, Germany - 100 kW. (brokered by Radio Miami International) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0530-0600 Mon-Fri Hausa Nigera 7350-nau

REUNION
ORTF REUNION ORTF operated a 4 kW shortwave transmitter on Reunion which became inactive in the mid-1970's.

RWANDA
RADIO RWANDA - RADIODIFFUSION DE LA REPUBLIQUE RWANDAISE Radio Rwanda is the state-operated radio station in Rwanda. Transmitter Site: Kigali - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0255-0600 Daily Kinyarwanda/French/Swahili/News in English at 0515 6055 0900-2100 Daily Kinyarwanda/French/Swahili/News in English at 1830 6055

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DEUTSCHE WELLE RELAY STATION The Deutsche Welle relay station at Kigali was established in the late 1960's. Transmitter Site: Kigali - 4 x 250 kW. Times/UTC Days Station Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0400 Daily Deutsche Welle Swahili East Africa 5905 7425 0300-0400 Daily BBC English Middle East 12035 0330-0430 Daily BBC Persian Middle East 11895 0400-0500 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 7425 9470 9800 0500-0530 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 7425 9470 9800 12070 0530-0600 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 7425 9470 0530-0600 Daily Deutsche Welle Portuguese Southern Africa 9800 12070 0600-0630 Daily Deutsche Welle English West Africa 15275 15700 17800 0630-0700 Daily Deutsche Welle English West Africa 15700 17800 0630-0700 Daily Deutsche Welle Hausa West Africa 12070 15275 0800-0830 Daily Deutsche Welle Pashto West Asia 17800 0830-0900 Daily Deutsche Welle Dari West Asia 17800 1000-1100 Daily Deutsche Welle Swahili East Africa 9800 11800 15275 15700 1200-1300 Daily Deutsche Welle French Africa 9800 15275 17800 21780 1300-1315 Fri-Sun TWR Afar Horn of Africa 13660 1300-1400 Daily Deutsche Welle Hausa West Africa 15275 1330-1400 Daily Deutsche Welle Dari West Asia 17800 1400-1430 Daily BBC Hausa West Africa 17640 1400-1430 Daily Deutsche Welle Pashto West Asia 17800 1430-1500 Daily Deutsche Welle Urdu West Asia 15275 17800 1500-1600 Daily Deutsche Welle Swahili East Africa 9800 11800 15275 15700 1600-1630 Daily FEBA R Afar Horn of Africa 11875 1600-1700 Daily Deutsche Welle Amharic Horn of Africa 9800 12070 15275 1700-1730 Daily FEBA R Orominya Horn of Africa 9540 1700-1800 Daily Deutsche Welle French Africa 9800 15275 17800 1730-1800 Daily FEBA R Tigrinya Horn of Africa 9595 1800-1900 Daily Deutsche Welle Hausa West Africa 12070 15275 21780 1800-1930 Daily FEBA R Arabic Yemen 9550 (Voice of Forgiveness) 1900-1930 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 11800 12070 15275 1930-2000 Daily Deutsche Welle Portuguese Southern Africa 9800 11800 12070 1930-2000 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 15275 2000-2100 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 9800 11800 12070 2100-2200 Daily Deutsche Welle English Africa 9800 11800 12070 TARGET BROADCASTS TO RWANDA RADIO INYABUTATU Radio Inyarbutatu describes itself as the "Rwandese Protocol to Return the Kingdom (Ihuriro ry Inyabutatu-RPRK) based on a Constitutional Monarchy". It made its inaugural broadcast on 31 August 2013. Transmitter Site: Issoudun, France - 250 kW (brokered by Alyx & Yeyi, Miami) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1600-1700 Sat Kinyarwanda Great Lakes 17870-iss RADIO IMPALA Radio Impala is a London-based target broadcaster which aims to promote greater democracy in Rwanda and the Great Lakes region. It was first reported in the WRTH B-13 update published on 5 February 2014 and is seemingly the same station previously reported (incorrectly?) as Radio Mara, which had started shortwave broadcasts on 19 November 2013. Transmitter Site: Talata-Volondry - 50 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1700-1800 Daily Kinyarwanda/French/English Great Lakes 17540-mdc

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SAINT HELENA
RADIO ST HELENA DAY "Radio St Helena Day" was an annual broadcast on shortwave that has now been discontinued. Transmissions were beamed to different parts of the world on 11092.5 kHz. The first "Radio St Helena Day" broadcast took place in 1990 and the last was on 14 November 2009.

SAO TOME E PRINCIPE


RADIO NACIONAL DE SAO TOME E PRINCIPE Radio Nacional de Sao Tome e Principe is inactive on shortwave. The last WRTH entry was in 1988. IBB RELAY STATION SAO TOME The IBB Relay Station was opened in 1992 with shortwave transmitters operational in 1996. Transmitter Site: Pinheira - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Service Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0330 Daily Afia Darfur Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 7275 0330-0400 Daily VOA Kinyarwanda/Kir. E Africa 7275 9775 0330-0430 Sat/Sun VOA Kinyarwanda/Kir. E Africa 7275 9775 0400-0500 Daily VOA English Africa 4960 6080 0500-0530 Daily VOA Hausa W Africa 4960 6020 0500-0600 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 0530-0630 Mon-Fri VOA French W Africa 4960 6020 0600-0630 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 9885 0630-0700 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 9885 15580 0700-0730 Daily VOA Hausa W Africa 4960 12070 1100-1130 Sat VOA French W Africa 11915 13735 15620 1400-1500 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 1500-1530 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 17895 1500-1530 Daily VOA Hausa W Africa 9445 11750 1530-1600 Daily VOA English Africa 17895 1600-1630 Sat VOA Kinyarw/Kirundi East Africa 13755 15460 1600-1700 Daily VOA English Africa 13570 15580 1630-1700 Daily VOA Swahili E Africa 15265 15460 1700-1720 Fri-Sun VOA Studio 7 Shona Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1700-1730 Mon-Thu VOA Studio 7 Shona Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1700-1800 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 1720-1740 Fri-Sun VOA Studio 7 English Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1730-1800 Mon-Thu VOA Studio 7 English Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1740-1800 Fri-Sun VOA Studio 7 Ndebele Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1800-1810 Fri VOA Studio 7 Shona Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1800-1830 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 15580 1800-1830 Mon-Thu VOA Studio 7 Ndebele Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1810-1820 Fri VOA Studio 7 English Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1820-1830 Fri VOA Studio 7 Ndebele Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1830-1900 Mon-Fri VOA Studio 7 LiveTalk Zimbabwe 12080 15455 1830-1900 Mon-Fri VOA Kinyarw/Kirundi East Africa 12040 1830-2030 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 1900-1930 Daily Afia Darfur Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 12080 2000-2030 Daily VOA French W Africa 9480 15620 2030-2100 Daily VOA English Africa 4940(Sat/Sun) 6080 2030-2100 Mon-Fri VOA Hausa W Africa 4940 6040 11885 2030-2100 Sat VOA Hausa W Africa 6040 9815 2030-2100 Sun VOA French W Africa 9815 2100-2130 Mon-Fri VOA French W Africa 9815 2100-2200 Daily VOA English Africa 6080 2130-2200 Mon-Fri VOA Bambara W Africa 9620

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SENEGAL
RADIODIFFUSION TLVISION SNGALAISE RTS is the Senegalese public broadcasting company. It was last reported on shortwave in 1997.

SEYCHELLES
BBC INDIAN OCEAN RELAY STATION BBC Indian Ocean Relay Station. It is operated by Babcock on behalf of the BBC. Transmitter Site: Mahe - 2 x 250 kW. Times/UTC Days Station Language Target Freqs/kHz 0400-0600 Daily BBC English East Africa 12095 0600-0800 Daily BBC English East Africa 17640 1100-1130 Daily BBC Somali Horn of Africa 15530 1130-1230 Sat BBC Somali Horn of Africa 15595 17745 1230-1500 Sat BBC Somali Horn of Africa 15595 1400-1500 Daily BBC Somali Horn of Africa 17690 1500-2000 Daily BBC English East Africa 12095 15420 The BBC has announced that the Indian Ocean Relay Station transmitter site at Grand Anse, Mah, will cease all shortwave transmissions on 29 March 2014. The site was established in 1988 and has been in continuous service since then, relaying BBC broadcasts to audiences in East Africa primarily in English and Somali. In areas of East Africa still dependent on shortwave broadcasts, the signal will be supplied by other relay stations. The announcement follows an earlier decision to stop all shortwave broadcasts from the BBC WS site in Cyprus for similar commercial, technological and audience reach reasons. These ended in March 2013. (BBC press release 22 November 2013) FEBA RADIO FEBA Radio began broadcasting from the Seychelles in the early 1970's with programmes beamed to South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa. These ended in March 2003 and FEBA Radio now has a contract agreement with Babcock to air its programmes via transmitters in various countries.

SIERRA LEONE
SIERRA LEONE BROADCASTING CORPORATION The Sierra Leone Broadcasting Corporation was established in 2009, replacing the previous state-owned broadcasting service, the Sierra Leone Broadcasting Service. SLBS was last heard in 2002 on 3316 kHz.

SOMALIA
SOMALI BROADCASTING SERVICE - RADIO MOGADISHU Somali Broadcasting Service - Radio Mogadishu, representing the last fully functioning government in Somalia, was last reported on shortwave in August 1991. Since then there have been several shortwave radio stations in Somalia broadcasting in support of various clans and factions, peacekeeping operations, and more recently, the Transitional Federal Government. The last shortwave stations heard from Somalia, with the exception of Radio Hage in Puntland (see below), were Radio Shabelle in Mogadishu and Radio Baay in Baidoa which were last reported in July 2006 and April 2007 respectively. PUNTLAND RADIO PUNTLAND Radio Puntland was due to commence full time operations from Garowe in June 2013 on 6140 and 13800 kHz with 25 kW. As of April 2013 they were conducting low power tests according to Italian technicians who were in the town, but current status of the station is subject to confirmation.

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TARGET BROADCASTS TO SOMALIA RADIO ERGO Radio ERGO is the new name for the IRIN radio service that took effect on 1 July 2011 when the service was taken over by IMS Productions Aps, a non-profit organization with headquarters in Copenhagen. Transmitter Site: Dhabbaya, UAE - 250 kW (brokered by Babcock, UK) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0830-0930 Daily Somali Somalia and Somali-speaking region 17680-dha

SOMALILAND
RADIO HARGEISA Radio Hargeisa is the national broadcasting station of the Republic of Somaliland. It was established in 1948, but in 1988 was destroyed by forces of Siyad Bare. In the years that followed it reportedly operated on various low-powered transmitters until a new shortwave unit was installed in 2008, with regular transmissions commencing in March 2009 on 7145 kHz. However, by late 2009 it was no longer heard. After an absence of nearly three years, a new Chinese-built shortwave transmitter was inaugurated on 27 August 2012 for coverage throughout Somaliland, the Horn of Africa and surrounding area. Transmitter Site: Hargeisa - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Frequencies/kHz 0330-0500 Daily Somali Domestic 7120 0500-0630 irreg Somali Domestic 7120 1230-1400 irreg Somali Domestic 7120 1500-1900 Daily Somali Domestic 7120 Note: news in English has been reported at 1320-1340

SOUTH AFRICA
RADIO SONDER GRENSE Radio Sonder Grense (Radio Without Borders) is an Afrikaans language radio service run by the SABC. Transmitter Site: Meyerton - 100 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0400-0700 Daily Afrikaans Northern Cape 7285 0700-1800 Daily Afrikaans Northern Cape 9650 1800-0400 Daily Afrikaans Northern Cape 3320 CHANNEL AFRICA Channel Africa is the international radio service of the South African Broadcasting Corporation. Channel Africa evolved out of Radio RSA. In 1992, following the fall of apartheid and the election of an ANC government, the service was renamed Channel Africa. Transmitter Site: Meyerton - 100/250/500 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0400 Mon-Fri English East & Central Africa 6155 0300-0400 Mon-Fri English Southern Africa 3345 0500-0700 Mon-Fri English Southern Africa 7230 0600-0700 Mon-Fri English West Africa 15255 0700-1200 Mon-Fri English Southern Africa 9625 1200-1300 Mon-Fri Nyanja Southern Africa 9625 1300-1400 Mon-Fri Lozi Southern Africa 9625 1400-1500 Mon-Fri Portuguese Southern Africa 9625 1500-1600 Mon-Fri English Southern Africa 9625 1500-1600 Mon-Fri Swahili East Africa 17770 1600-1700 Mon-Fri French West Africa 15235 1700-1800 Mon-Fri English West Africa 15235

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SOUTH AFRICAN RADIO LEAGUE - AMATEUR RADIO TODAY "Amateur Radio Today" is a programme presented weekly by the South African Radio League, the National Body for Amateur Radio in South Africa and sponsored by Sentech. Transmitter Site: Meyerton - 100/250 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0800-0900 Sun English Southern Africa 7205 17760 1630-1730 Mon English Southern Africa 4895 MEYERTON TRANSMITTING STATION Operated by Sentech, the signal distributor for the South African broadcasting sector. The organisation began operations in 1992 as the signal distributor of the South African Broadcasting Corporation. Sentech now operates as a commercial enterprise that is owned by the Government of South Africa via the South African Ministry of Communications and has its own board of directors. Transmitter Site: Meyerton - 100/250/500 kW Times/UTC Days Station Language Target Freq/kHz 0400-0500 Daily R France Int French West Africa 11750 0400-0600 Daily AWR Arabic North Africa 15480 0430-0500 Daily R France Int Swahili East Africa 9665 0500-0600 Daily BBC English Southern Africa 3255 6190 0600-0800 Daily BBC English Southern Africa 6190 9860 0500-0600 Sat BBC Kinyarw/Kirundi East Africa 11925 15490 0500-0600 Daily R France Int French Central Africa 11605 0529-0600 Sun BBC Kinyarw/Kirundi East Africa 11925 15490 0530-0600 Daily R France Int Swahili East Africa 11790 15160 0600-0700 Daily BBC English Central Africa 12095 0600-0700 Daily R France Int French Central Africa 11605 15170 0700-0729 Daily BBC French Central Africa 17880 0700-0800 Daily R France Int French Central Africa 15170 0700-0800 Daily BBC English Central Africa 17830 1000-1100 Daily Deutsche Welle Swahili East Africa 17710 1200-1300 Daily R France Int French Central Africa 17660 1500-1600 Daily R France Int Swahili East Africa 15360 1600-2000 Daily BBC English Southern Africa 3255 6190 1630-1700 Mon-Fri BBC Kinyarw/Kirundi East Africa 15790 17870 1700-1730 Daily R France Int Portuguese Southern Africa 9755 9870 1700-1730 Daily Adventist World R Swahili East Africa 11770 1700-1800 Daily R France Int French West Africa 11660 1700-1900 Daily SW Radio Africa English Southern Africa 4880 1730-1800 Daily IBRA R Somali Horn of Africa 11610 11740 1730-1800 Daily Adventist World R Masai East Africa 11770 1800-1830 Daily BBC French Indian Ocean Isl. 7465 1800-1830 Daily BBC Somali Horn of Africa 9410 11845 1800-1830 Daily NHK R Japan English Africa 11800 1800-1900 Daily R France Int French West Africa 9810 1830-1900 Daily Adventist World R English East Africa 11830 1830-1900 Mon-Fri BBC Kinyarw/Kirundi East Africa 15790 1900-1933 Daily R France Int Portuguese Southern Africa 6180 1900-2000 Daily R France Int French West Africa 9885 1930-2000 Daily RTE R1 English West Africa 5820 1930-2000 Daily AWR Ibo West Africa 11750 1930-2000 Daily AWR Fulani West Africa 15260 2000-2030 Daily AWR French West Africa 11755 2030-2100 Daily AWR Yoruba West Africa 11755

SOUTH SUDAN
SOUTH SUDAN RADIO South Sudan Radio is the government-operated broadcasting service in South Sudan, which became independent on 11 July 2011. It operates on mediumwave and FM only. 26

TARGET BROADCASTS TO SOUTH SUDAN MIRAYA FM Miraya FM (Mirror FM) was launched on 30 June 2006 and is operated in partership between the United Nations Mission in Sudan and Swiss journalists' organisation Fondation Hirondelle. Transmitter Site: Grigoriopo, PMR - 300 kW (brokered by Alyx & Yeyi, Miami) Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0600 Daily Arabic/English/Sudanese languages Sudan 9940-gri VOICE OF AMERICA - SOUTH SUDAN IN FOCUS VOA's "Sudan in Focus" programme (now called "South Sudan in Focus") was first aired on 23 September 2010 and reflects growing US interest in the newly-independent South Sudan. Transmitter Sites: Issoudun, France - 250 kW; Selebi-Phikwe, Botswana - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1630-1700 Mon-Fri Sudanese English South Sudan 11790-iss 11905-iss 12080-bot

SUDAN
SUDAN RADIO AND TELEVISION CORPORATION - SUDAN RADIO SRTC is the state-controlled broadcasting service in Sudan with main studios in Omdurman. The General Programme in Arabic is broadcast on shortwave and uses the same transmitter as the Voice of Africa external service. Transmitter Site: Omdurman (Al-Aitahab) - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0215-0430 Daily Arabic 7205 1430-1530 Daily Arabic 7205 1930-2100 Daily Arabic 7205 VOICE OF AFRICA - SUDAN RADIO Voice of Africa is the external service of the Sudan Radio and Television Corporation. It was first heard in early October 2012. Transmitter Site: Omdurman (Al-Aitahab) - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz 0600-0630 Daily Tigrinya 9505 0630-0700 Daily Amharic 9505 0700-0800 Daily Swahili 9505 0800-0900 Daily English 9505 1630-1730 Daily French 9505 1730-1830 Daily English 9505 1830-1930 Daily Hausa 9505 TARGET BROADCASTS TO DARFUR REGION OF SUDAN RADIO AFIA DARFUR Afia Darfur, an all-news and information programme for Darfur, is operated from the MBN (Middle East Broadcast Network) facility in Virginia and is funded by a grant from the US State Department to the BBG (Broadcasting Board of Governors - U.S. Congress). It began broadcasting 29 September 2008. Transmitter Sites: Selebi-Phikwe, Botsawana - 100 kW; Nauen, Germany - 250 kW; Iranawila, Sri Lanka - 250 kW; Pinheira, Sao Tome - 100 kW; Santa Maria di Galeria, Vatican - 250 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0300-0330 Daily Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 5885-smg 7275-sao 9845-bot 1800-1830 Daily Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 9645-nau 11615-smg 13715-ira 1900-1930 Daily Sudanese Arabic Darfur/Sudan 9780-smg 9815-nau 12080-sao

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RADIO TAMAZUJ Radio Tamazuj is an initiative of Free Press Unlimited and produces a special programme for people in the conflict areas between North and South Sudan, such as Abyei, Blue Nile and South Kordofan. Tamazuj means "across the border". Since November 2011 they have produced half-hour per week within the Radio Dabanga time slot, which from 5 January 2012 became a separate programme under the name of Radio Tamazuj at 0400-0430 before the existing Radio Dabanga transmissions begin. Transmitter Sites: Santa Maria di Galeria, Vatican - 250 kW; Talata Volondy, Madagascar - 250 kW; Dhabbaya, UAE - 500 kW Times/UTC Days Languages Target Freq/kHz 0400-0430 Daily Arabic/Sudanese languages Darfur/Sudan 7315-smg 11940-mdc 15550-dha 1500-1530 Daily Arabic/Sudanese languages Darfur/Sudan 13800-mdc 15530-smg RADIO DABANGA Radio Dabanga is part of the Radio Darfur Network, an initiative of Darfur Journalists to provide independent news and relevant information to the population of Darfur. It is led by Free Press Unlimited, which aims to promote the development of open and democratic societies, by supporting independent media in regions of conflict and countries in transition. Transmitter Sites: Santa Maria di Galeria, Vatican - 250 kW; Talata Volondy, Madagascar - 250 kW; Dhabbaya, UAE - 500 kW Times/UTC Days Languages Target Freq/kHz 0430-0600 Daily Arabic/Sudanese languages Darfur/Sudan 7315-smg 11940-mdc 15550-dha 1530-1630 Daily Arabic/Sudanese languages Darfur/Sudan 13800-mdc 15530-smg

SWAZILAND
TWR SWAZILAND TWR Swaziland went on air on 1 November 1974 and broadcasts Christian programming to Africa. Transmitter Site: Mpangela Range - 25/50/100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0255-0310 Sat Ndebele Zimbabwe 3200 0255-0325 Daily Shona Zimbabwe 3240 0255-0325 Mon-Fri Ndebele Zimbabwe 3200 0255-0325 Sun English Zimbabwe 3200 0325-0340 Daily Ndau Zimbabwe 3240 0342-0357 Daily Lomwe Mozambique 4775 0400-0430 Mon-Fri German Southern Africa 3200 4775 0400-0445 Sat/Sun Chewa Malawi 5995 0400-0500 Sat/Sun German Southern Africa 3200 4775 0430-0500 Mon-Fri English Southern Africa 3200 0500-0600 Daily English Southern Africa 3200(Sat/Sun) 4775 6120 9500 0500-0800 Daily English Southern Africa 4775(Sat/Sun) 6120 9500 1355-1425 Sat Makhuwa Mozambique 7315 1355-1425 Sun Portuguese Mozambique 7315 1400-1415 Daily Urdu Pakistan 15360 1425-1455 Daily English Zimbabwe 6025 1425-1455 Daily Portuguese Mozambique 7315 1440-1525 Sat/Sun French Madagascar 9585 1455-1510 Daily Makua Mozambique 7315 1455-1525 Daily Shona Zimbabwe 6025 1455-1525 Sun-Fri Malagasy Madagascar 9585 1510-1555 Daily Lomwe Mozambique 7315 1525-1555 Mon-Fri Ndebele Zimbabwe 6025 1525-1555 Sat/Sun English Zimbabwe 6025 1545-1615 Sun Shangaan Mozambique 4760 1555-1625 Daily Shona Zimbabwe 6025 1557-1627 Mon-Fri Kirundi Burundi 15105 1600-1630 Mon-Fri Tshwa Mozambique 4760 1600-1630 Sat Shangaan Mozambique 4760 1615-1645 Sun Tshwa Mozambique 4760 28

1630-1645 1630-1645 1630-1645 1630-1645 1630-1700 1645-1700 1645-1700 1645-1700 1700-1715 1700-1730 1700-1745 1705-1730 1745-2000 1715-1745 1730-1800 1730-1800 1745-1815 1750-1820 1802-1902 1820-1835 1835-1850 1850-1905 1850-1905 1850-1905 1905-1920 1905-1920 1905-1920 1905-1920 1905-1920 1905-1920 1905-1935 1920-1950 1935-1950 1950-2005 1950-2020 2005-2020

Fri/Sat Tu/We/Fr/Sa Mon/Thu Mon Tue-Thu Daily Fri/Sat Sun-Tue Sun Mon-Sat Daily Daily Daily Sun Mon-Fri Sat Sat/Sun Mon-Fri Daily Daily Daily Mon Sat Tue-Fri/Sun Fri Mon/Tue Sat Sun Thu Wed Daily Daily Daily Daily Sat Sun

Kambaata Shangaan Portuguese Amharic Oromo Ndau Hadiya Oromo Amharic Amharic Swahili Yao English Oromo Oromo Amharic Swahili Umbunbu English Chokwe Umbundu Luvale Portuguese Kikongo Fiote Portuguese Lunyaneka Kuanyama Luvale Luchazi Lingala Portuguese French Kimbundu French Portuguese

Ethiopia Mozambique Mozambique Ethiopia Ethiopia Mozambique Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopia East Africa Southern Africa Southern Africa Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopia East Africa Angola East Africa Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola Angola DR Congo Angola DR Congo Angola DR Congo Angola

11700 4760 4760 11700 11700 4760 11700 11700 11700 11700 9475 7300 3200 11700 11700 11700 9475 6130 9500 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 6130 9940 6130 9940 6130 9940 6130

TANZANIA
RADIO TANZANIA Radio Tanzania (now known as Tanzania Broadcasting Corporation) is inactive on shortwave.

TOGO
RADIODIFFUSION TOGOLAISE Radiodiffusion Togolaise (Radio Lome) was last reported on shortwave in 2003. RADIO KARA Radio Kara is a regional broadcasting station in Togo but is now inactive on shortwave.

TRISTAN DA CUNHA
RADIO TRISTAN DA CUNHA Tristan da Cunha was served by a 40 watt shortwave transmitter, but Radio Tristan da Cunha left shortwave in 1991 in favour of FM only. The local radio station on the island is now called Atlantic FM

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TUNISIA
RADIO TUNISIENNE Radio Tunisienne is the state-controlled broadcasting service in Tunisia. Transmitter Site: Sfax - 250/500 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0502-0602 Daily Arabic Europe 7275 0702-0802 Daily Arabic North Africa 7335

UGANDA
UBC RADIO UBC (Uganda Broadcasting Corporation) Radio is the public broadcaster of Uganda. Address: Radio Uganda, PO Box 7145, Kampala, Uganda. Transmitter Site: Kampala - 10 kW. Red Channel Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 0215-0600 Daily English/Vernaculars Domestic 4976 0600-1300 Daily English/Vernaculars Domestic 7195 1300-2105 Daily English/Vernaculars Domestic 4976 DUNAMIS SHORTWAVE Dunamis Shortwave broadcasts Christian programming to Uganda and Southern Sudan. Transmitter Site: Mukono - 1 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Freq/kHz tbc Daily English/Vernaculars 4750 Note: Presumed Radio Dunamis heard on 4750 kHz from tune in at 1717 until abrupt close at 1752 on 17 October with a weak signal. Programming was a loop of a continuous African sounding Christian song. May have been a test as station believed to have been inactive for some time. (Observations by Dave Kenny, Alan Pennington on Sheigra DXpedition)

WESTERN SAHARA
NATIONAL RADIO OF THE SAHARAN ARAB DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC Operated by the Polisario Front in support of independence for Western Sahara. National Radio of the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic began shortwave transmissions in 1993. The shortwave transmitter is located in Rabouni, near the south-western Algerian town of Tindouf, near to the border with Western Sahara. Shortwave transmissions were last heard on 6297 kHz but have not been reported since June 2011, presumably due to a transmitter problem. The station continues to be heard on MW 1550 kHz.

ZAMBIA
ZAMBIA NATIONAL BROADCASTING CORPORATION - RADIO ZAMBIA ZNBC is the state-controlled broadcasting service of Zambia. Transmitter Site: Lusaka - 2 x 100 kW Times/UTC Days Service Language Freq/kHz 0245-2205 Daily Radio 1 Vernaculars 5915

ZANZIBAR
ZANZIBAR BROADCASTING CORPORATION Zanzibar Broadcasting Corporation is the state-run broadcasting station of Zanzibar. Transmitter Site: Dole - 50 kW. UTC Days Language Presumed Target Freq/kHz 0300-0600 Daily Swahili East Africa 6015 1500-2100 Daily Swahili Arabian Peninsula 11735 (News in English from Spice FM at 1800) 30

ZIMBABWE
ZIMBABWE BROADCASTING CORPORATION - RADIO ZIMBABWE The Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) is the state-controlled broadcaster in Zimbabwe. Transmitter Site: Gwelo - 100 kW. Times Language Freq/kHz to be confirmed Shona/Ndebele/English 6045 Note: may be missing on some days (presumably due to the power situation in Zimbabwe) VOICE OF ZIMBABWE Voice of Zimbabwe is the official external service from Zimbabwe. Times Language Target Freq/kHz to be confirmed English Southern Africa 4828 Note: may be missing on some days (presumably due to the power situation in Zimbabwe) TARGET BROADCASTS TO ZIMBABWE SW RADIO AFRICA Independent radio station financed by London-based Zimbabwean exiles. Transmitter Sites: Meyerton, South Africa - 100 kW. Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1700-1900 Daily English Zimbabwe 4880-mey RADIO DIALOGUE Radio Dialogue is a community radio initiative for the citizens of Bulawayo and its surrounding areas. Transmitter Site: Talata-Volondry, Madagascar - 250 kW Times/UTC Days Language Target Freq/kHz 1600-1700 Daily English/Shona/Ndebele Zimbabwe 12105-mdc VOICE OF AMERICA - STUDIO 7 Studio 7 has been providing Zimbabwe with objective and balanced radio news since 2003. It broadcasts reports on Zimbabwean politics, the economy, health, society, sports and best of Zimbabwean music. Transmitter Sites: Moepeng Hill , Botswana - 100 kW; Pinheira, Sao Tome - 100 kW, Iranawila, Sri Lanka - 250 kW. Days Times/UTC Language Target Freq/kHz Mon-Fri 1700-1730 Shona Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao 1730-1800 English Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao 1800-1830 Ndebele Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao 1830-1900 LiveTalk Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao Sat-Sun 1700-1720 Shona Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao 1720-1740 English Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao 1740-1800 Ndebele Zimbabwe 4930-bot 12080-sao 15455-sao

BRITISH DX CLUB

AFRICA ON SHORTWAVE
Compiled by Tony Rogers with thanks to Dave Kenny, Chris Greenway, Alan Pennington, Harald Kuhl and other members of the British DX Club. Special thanks also to Thorsten Hallman, Steve Lare, Morand Fachot, and Bruce Jensen and acknowledging the following sources of news and information: Africalist, BC-DX, Eike Bierwirth (EiBi List), DX Listening Digest, DXing.info, DXplorer, DSWCI DX Window, DX Mix-Bulgaria, HCDX and the Nagoya DXers Circle (Aoki List) Please send corrections and up-dates by email to: tony@bdxc.org.uk

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For a complete and up-to-date frequency-order list of Sub-Saharan African radio stations broadcasting on shortwave, see Thorsten Hallman's highly recommended "africalist" at www.muenster.org/uwz/ms-alt/africalist/

AFRICALIST

DX LISTENING DIGEST
For the very latest shortwave news visit Glenn Hauser's World of Radio at www.worldofradio.com

Another excellent source for the very latest shortwave news is Wolfgang Bschel's BC-DX Top News which can be found on the website of the Worldwide DX Club at www.wwdxc.de

BC-DX - WORLDWIDE DX CLUB TOP NEWS

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