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Engineering Specification for Pressure Vessels


1. GENERAL 1.1 Scope 1.2 Codes, Standards and Regulations 1.3 Units 1.4 Purchasers Drawing and Documents 1.5 Vendors Drawings and Documents 1.6 Site Condition 2. DESIGN 2.1 Design Pressure 2.2 Design Temperature 2.3 Corrosion Allowances 2.4 Materials 2.5 Loading Conditions and Strength Calculation 2.6 Tolerances 3. DETAIL DESIGN 3.1 Shells and Heads 3.2 Internals 3.3 Nozzles and Manholes 3.4 Bolts, Nuts and Gaskets 3.5 Supports 3.6 Miscellaneous 4. FABRICATION 4.1 Plate Layout 4.2 Forming 4.3 Welding 4.4 Heat Treatment 5. INSPECTION AND TESTS

6. NAMEPLATE, PAINTING AND MARKING 6.1 Nameplate 6.2 Painting 6.3 Marking 7. PACKING AND SHIPPING 7.1 General 7.2 Packing and Preparation for Shipping 7.3 Shipping Appendix A: Tolerance for Pressure Vessels A

1. GENERAL 1.1 Scope 1.1.1 This specification together with the engineering drawings covers the requirements for the materials, design, fabrication, inspection, testing and supply of pressure vessels used for CIBA SBR 3rd line project in Zhenjiang, the Peoples Republic of China. CIBA SBR3 This specification shall be referred to also for the non-pressure vessels except for the requirements of local regulation if vessel shape is similar to pressure vessels. 1.1.2 The definition of pressure vessels shall be in accordance with The Pressure Vessels Safety Technology Supervision Procedures in the Peoples Republic of China. 1.1.3 This specification does not apply, in general, to auxiliary pressure vessels which are attached to turbines, engines, pumps, compressors and other mechanical equipment which are normally designed under the manufacturers standard. 1.2 Codes, Standards and Regulations 1.2.1 Pressure vessels fabricated in China shall be designed, fabricated, inspected and tested in accordance with the requirements of the following codes, standards and regulations of the latest edition. (1) The Pressure Vessels Safety Technology Supervision Procedures (1999 edition) 1999 (2) Steel Pressure Vessels GB1501998

(3) Technical Specification for Fabrication of Steel Chemical Vessels HG20584-1998 (4) Steel Welded Atmospheric Pressure Vessels JB/T47351997 (5) Basic Specification for Steel Chemical Vessel Design HG20580-1998

(6) Specification for Materials Selection of Steel Chemical Vessels HG20581-1998 (7) Specification for Stress Calculation of Steel Chemical Vessel (8) Specification for Structural Design of Steel Chemical Vessel (9) Technical Requirements for Fabrication of Steel Chemical Vessels HG20584-1998 (10) Mechanical Agitation Equipment HG/T20569-94 JB 4744-2000 HG20583-1998 HG20582-1998

(11) Mechanic Properties Test of Welding Specimen for Steel Pressure Vessels

(12) Nondestructive Test of Pressure Vessels JB4730-2000 (13) Carbon Steel and Low Alloy Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessels JB 4726-2000 (14) Stainless Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessels JB 4728-2000 (15) Seismic Protection Code for Petrochemical Equipment HG 3048-1996 1.2.2 Vendor shall be responsible for making all aspects of materials, design, fabrication, inspection and testing conform to the requirements of the specified codes, standards and local regulations. Where there are conflicts between the requirements in Purchasers drawings/specifications and the specified codes/standards or local regulations, the order of precedence shall be as follows: / (1) Local regulations (2) Engineering drawings (3) Engineering specifications (4) Codes and standards In such a case, Vendor shall promptly refer the conflicts to Purchaser in writing to obtaining Purchasers instruction. 1.3 Units Unless otherwise specified, SI units shall be applied as the measurement system for the drawings and documents to be submitted. However, nominal sizes of piping components shall be in accordance with inch system. 1.4 Purchasers Drawing and Documents 1.4.1 Purchaser will provide Engineering Drawing for each pressure vessel which contains such information as the shape, basic dimensions, estimated thickness and weight, design conditions, materials for primary parts, nozzle specifications, and details of internals as required by Vendor to accomplish his mechanical design of the pressure vessel. When sketches, data sheets or duty specifications are provided, Vendor shall prepare Engineering Drawings covering the same contents as specified above. Such drawings may be used as Vendors assembly drawings with necessary information added. 1.4.2 Purchaser will provide D-123 Vessel Standard which supplements the above drawings and determines the detail construction of pressure vessels. D-123 When sketches or data sheets are provided, Vendor shall confirm Purchaser the application of each drawing in Vessel Standard.

1.5 Vendors Drawings and Documents 1.5.1 Vendor shall submit to Purchaser drawings and documents as called for in Purchasers requisition sheets. 1.5.2 All drawings and documents shall give the name of Client (end user), Purchasers Work No., Item No. and service of the commodity. 1.5.3 Drawings shall be prepared to scale and in third angle projection. 1.5.4 Drawings shall contain: (1) Title block (Purchasers Work No., Requisition No., Item No. and service of the commodity) (2) Design Data (conforming to Purchasers drawings or data sheet) (3) Material list (material specifications and quantities for all parts including spare parts) (4) Nozzle list (conforming to Purchasers drawings or data sheet) (5) All weld seams, and weld and surface finish symbols (6) Detailed dimensions and thickness 1.5.5 Strength calculations shall cover: (1) Code calculations for all pressure retaining parts including reinforcements for nozzle openings (2) Structural calculations for internals (3) Structural calculations for lifting lugs and transportation fittings (4) Stability check of vessel and support for wind/seismic load / (5) Stability check of vessel and support at transportation, loading & unloading and erection (6) Local stress analysis against external loading on nozzles 1.5.6 For pressure vessels fabricated and/or assembled at job site, Vendor shall submit the instruction for the work. 1.5.7 Purchasers Approved on Vendors document means that Vendor may proceed his work without resubmitting the documents unless further revisions are made. Approved as noted on Vendors document means that Vendor may proceed his work provided the notes are concurred by Vendor. Re-submission of the revised documents are required for confirmation. Not approved on the document means that Vendor may not proceed the work without re-submission of the corrected document for approval. Purchasers approval for Vendors drawings and documents shall not relieve Vendor of his responsibility to meet all requirements of the purchase order.

1.6 Site Condition Data to be used for stability check of vessel and support for wind/seismic load and other climate data are as follows, / (1) Basic wind pressure 0.35kN/m2 at 10 m above ground 10m0.35kN/m2 (2) Earthquake intensity 7 deg. 7 (3) Class of site soil Class II II

(4) Atmospheric temperature: Annual average 14.3 14.3 40.9 -12

Extreme highest in past years 40.9 Extreme lowest in past years -12

Min. average in the coldest month -3.5 (Reference to HG 20580-1998) -3.5 HG 20580-1998) 2. DESIGN 2.1 Design Pressure 2.1.1 Design pressure shall be as specified on Purchasers drawing or data sheet. 2.1.2 Design pressure shall mean the gauge pressure at the top of a completed vessel in its operating position. Unless otherwise agreed in advance, internal static head shall be added to the design pressure to determine the thickness of any specific part of the vessel. 2.1.3 When design pressure of F.V. (Full Vacuum) is specified, vessels shall be designed to withstand for external pressure of 101.3 kPa. F.V.101.3 kPa 2.1.4 Vessel parts subject to different internal pressure on both sides shall be designed to withstand the most severe combination of the pressures. 2.2 Design Temperature 2.2.1 Design temperature shall be as specified on Purchasers drawing or data sheet. Two kinds of design temperature, one for maximum design temperature (called as Design Temperature) and the other for minimum design temperature (called as Minimum Design Metal temperature = MDMT) are specified. 2.2.2 When different temperatures are predicted for different zones of a vessel, these temperatures are indicated for the respective zones of the vessel. 2.2.3 When design temperature or MDMT cannot coincide with the maximum pressure, the corresponding design pressure shall be designated together with the temperature.

2.2.4 Vessel parts in contact with two fluids having different temperatures shall be designed for both higher and lower design temperatures. 2.3 Corrosion Allowances 2.3.1 The corrosion allowance for the shell shall be as specified on Purchasers drawing or data sheet. 2.3.2 Unless otherwise specified in the drawings, data sheet or other applicable Engineering Specifications, the corrosion allowance for internal parts of vessels shall be as follows: (1) Parts directly welded to the shell or parts not removable from a manhole: 1. Parts separating two pressure chambers, a corrosion allowance shall be provided on (strikethrough: either) each side of the parts. 2. Other parts add 1/2 of the specified corrosion allowance on each side. 1/2 (2) Parts removable from a manhole: Add 1/4 of the specified corrosion allowance on each side (min. 1.0 mm total for both sides). 1/41.0mm Notes: 1.Generally no corrosion allowance is added for high alloy and nonferrous internals. 1 2. For the internal parts specified in Vessel Standard such as lugs and support rings, corrosion allowance shall conform to the stipulations in it. 3. The specified corrosion allowance shall mean the corrosion allowance for the shell. 4. Shell as used herein shall mean all pressure holding parts of the vessel in contact with the service fluid, including heads, nozzles, manholes and manhole covers. 2.3.3 No corrosion allowance is required for such parts not in contact with the inside fluid as the outside surface of shell, skirt, support lugs and so on, except for anchor bolts. Corrosion allowance of 3 mm shall be taken for anchor bolts. 3mm 2.4 Materials 2.4.1 The materials for primary parts shall be as specified on Purchasers drawing or data sheet. 2.4.2 Materials of the parts not specified on Purchasers drawings, data sheet or Vessel Standard shall be decided by

Vendor and shall be submitted by showing them on the Vendors drawings for Purchasers approval. 2.4.3 Materials for external attachments and vessel support welded directly to the pressure retaining parts shall be similar material as the pressure parts. When external attachments made of carbon steel is to be welded to stainless steel pressure parts, stainless steel pad plate is required on pressure parts. 2.4.4 Vendor may propose the use of alternative materials. Such alternatives shall be clearly indicated on his proposal giving official material designation or the chemical composition and physical properties for such materials having only a trade or supplier designation, and shall be submitted for Purchasers approval. 2.4.5 Gaskets, bolts and nuts for blind nozzles and manholes shall be as specified in Purchasers drawing or data sheet. When not specified in Purchasers drawing or data sheet, Vendor in China may select by the following criteria subject to Purchasers approval. (1) Materials of bolts (studs) and nuts used for equipment shell flange shall be selected according to table 2 to table 5 in JB/T 4700-2000. JB/T 4700-200025 (2) Materials of bolts (studs) and nuts used for nozzle flange shall be selected according to CIBA 3rd Line Project Piping Materials Classification (CSTL-T1300/H103). CIBA3CSTL-T1300/H103) (3) Gasket for equipment shell flange shall be selected by the following table. Table 1 Materials for Girth Flange Gaskets

MEDIA Hydrocarbons, organic compound Steam, air, inert gases


FLANGE TYPE Welding Neck Type

GASKET MATERIAL Spiral Wound Gasket Hoop:316L Filler: Flexible Graphite 316L Graphite corrugated gasket


Any type

(4) Materials of gaskets used for nozzle flange shall be selected according to CIBA 3rd Line Project Piping Materials Classification (CSTLT1300/H103). CIBA3CSTL-T1300/H103) 2.4.6 Vendors in China shall apply imported material for stainless steel plates used for pressure parts. In this case

allowable stress of imported material shall be those for equivalent material in GB150-1998 as follows. GB150-1998 ASME Material ASME 304 SS 304L SS 316 SS 316L SS Equiv. GB Material GB 0Cr18Ni9 00Cr19Ni10 0Cr17Ni12Mo2 00Cr17Ni14Mo2

2.4.7 All material used for pressure parts shall be killed steel. Following requirements shall apply for Vendors in China. Q-235 material may be used only for utility service such as steam, air etc. with the other limitations specified in GB150-1998. GB150-1998Q-234 In general, steel 20R and 16MnR shall be applied for carbon steel plates used for pressure parts. If calculated thickness exceeds 12 mm by applying 20R material, then 16MnR material shall be used. 20R16MnR20R12mm16MnR 2.5 Loading Conditions and Strength Calculation 2.5.1 The thickness indicated on Purchasers drawings are those proposed by Purchaser. Vendor shall check and confirm under his guarantee that such thickness provide the proper strength under the specified conditions. Any lesser thickness considered by Vendor shall immediately be referred to Purchaser, but in no case, any proposed thickness will be decreased without Purchasers prior approval, even if it has an extra margin beyond the required thickness. 2.5.2 The hydrostatic test condition in the installed position shall be considered for design of all vessels. 2.5.3 Wind load and Seismic load to be used for calculation shall be in accordance with Para.1.6 of this specification. 1.6 2.5.4 Maximum allowable tensile stress of foundation bolts of A307 Gr.B or Q-235 shall be 100 N/mm2 for long-term and 150 N/mm2 for short-term loading conditions. A307 Gr.B or Q-235100 N/mm2150 N/mm2 2.5.5 Local stresses at shell around attachments such as nozzle, vessel support and lifting lug and so on, shall be calculated and evaluated when requested by Purchaser. The following generally accepted calculation procedure, or the equivalent, may be applied.

(a) Bulletin of Welding Research Council No. 107 or 297 107297 (b) BS 5500 appendix G BS5500G

(c) Pressure Vessel Handbook (By E.F. Megyesy) E.F. Megyesy (d) Process Equipment Design (By L.E. Brownell & E.H. Young) L.E. Brownell E.H. Young (e) Specification for Stress Calculation of Steel Chemical Vessel (HG20582-1998) HG20582-1998 2.6 Tolerances 2.6.1 Tolerances shall be in accordance with Appendix A Fig.A Tolerances for Pressure Vessels unless otherwise specified on Purchasers drawings. AA 2.6.2 The thickness after forming of any pressure retaining parts shall not be less than the calculated thickness. Plates with an under tolerance of not more than the smaller value of 0.25 mm or 6 % of the nominal thickness may be used, unless requested otherwise by the applicable code. 0.25mm6 2.6.3 The flange face of agitator mount nozzle shall be perpendicular to vessel axis within tolerance of 1/500. 1/500 3. DETAILED DESIGN 3.1 Shells and Heads 3.1.1 The shape the formed head shall be as specified on Purchasers drawing or data sheet. 2:1 ellipsoidal or dish head (with knuckle radius=0.10xdiameter ) shall be used. 2:1 0.10 3.1.2 The nominal thickness of 2:1 ellipsoidal or dished head shall be selected to assure the minimum thickness after forming shall not be less than the minimum required thickness of head. Also, the nominal thickness shall not be less than the minimum required thickness of connecting cylindrical shell. 2:1 3.1.3 Gasket contact surface of girth flange shall have a finish equivalent to the following in m. m (1) For spiral wound gasket : from Ra 1.6 to Ra 3.2 Ra 1.6Ra 3.2 (2) For metal jacket, solid metal gasket : Ra 1.6 and finer Ra 1.6 3.2 Internals 3.2.1 Unless otherwise specified in Purchasers requisition sheets or indicated on Purchasers drawings, all internals are included in the scope of Vendors supply. Vendor shall design internals in accordance with the information indicated on Purchasers drawings.

3.2.2 Unless otherwise specified, removable internal parts shall be designed in units as large as can be put in and out from the vessel through the nearest upper manhole. The weight of one block to be withdrawn shall not generally exceed 40 kg except for support beams. 40kg 3.2.3 Internal bolts subject to vibration, fluctuating load, impact load or dynamic load shall be protected against loosening. Double nuts, unti-loose washers, tack welding, etc. shall be used. 3.2.4 All removable internals shall be checked by suitable methods to ensure their insertability and removability through the manhole. 3.3 Nozzles and Manholes 3.3.1 Nozzle and manhole size shall not be changed by Vendor. However, if nozzles, reinforcement pads, and main seams should interfere with each other, these dimensions may be changed upon Purchasers approval. 3.3.2 The type, rating and facing of nozzle flanges shall conform to those specified in Purchasers drawing or data sheet. 3.3.3 Nozzle and manhole location specified by the Purchaser shall not be changed by Vendor. If nozzles and manhole interfere with each other or other attachment, Vendor shall promptly contact with Purchaser for instruction. 3.3.4 Bolt holes in nozzle flange and manhole flange shall straddle plant north-south line or vessel horizontalvertical line. - 3.3.5 Each manhole cover with mass over 20 kg shall be supported by a davit or hinge as specified on Purchasers drawing. The details of davit or hinge shall be in accordance with Vessel Standard. 20kg 3.3.6 Nozzle flanges 24 inch and smaller shall be as per ASME B16.5. 24ASME B16.5 Nozzle flanges larger than 24 inch nominal shall be as per ASME B16.47 Series B or designed per Code. 24ASME B16.47 B In case a non standard flange is designed by vendor, the companion flange with bolt, nut and gasket shall be supplied with by vendor. 3.3.7 The minimum nominal thickness for nozzle neck shall be in accordance with the following table.

Table 2 Min. Nozzle Neck Thickness 2 Material Carbon steel Stainless steel Nozzle Size DN2 DN > 2 DN6 DN > 6 Neck Thickness Sch 80 Sch 40 Sch 40s Sch 10s

3.3.8 The pipe material for nozzle neck shall be seamless, unless otherwise approved by Purchaser. 3.3.9 Unless otherwise specified, the nozzle gasket surface shall be flat smooth surface and serration specified in ANSI standard is not to provide. ANSI 3.3.10 When male and female (M&F) or tongue and groove (T&G) type flanges are specified, the nozzle flange facing of the vessel shall be of female or groove type. 3.3.11 Welding neck type flange shall be made by forgings. For Vendors in China, the following forgings shall be of Class III or higher, other forgings shall not be of less than Class II. IIIII (1). Equipment flange with thickness 100mm or nominal diameter 1200mm. 100mm1200mm (2). Forgings for Class 3 vessels. 3

3.3.12 Nozzles for level gauge and other long projection nozzles shall be reinforced by bars of suitable size to resist bending moment on nozzles. 3.3.13 For length of the nozzle see Vessel Standard D-123. D-123 3.4 Bolts, Nuts and Gaskets 3.4.1 Unless otherwise specified, all bolting threads to be used for pressure vessels shall be ISO Metric System. When bolt size are M30 and over, metric fine screw threads of 3 mm pitch series shall be used. When bolt size are M27 and less, metric coarse screw threads shall be used. ISOM30 3mmM27 Girth flange bolting shall be of stud bolt type, threaded full length, and at least M16 for flange of 600 mm and smaller inside diameter and at least M20 for over 600 mm inside diameter flange. All nozzle flange and girth flange bolts shall be of stud bolt type.

600mmM16600mm M20 3.4.2 Threads of bolts and nuts shall be coated before installation with anti-galling agent. 3.5 Supports 3.5.1 Saddles, lugs or legs for pressure vessels shall be as per the tables in Vessel Standard. For vessels which meet all the conditions stipulated in the tables such as maximum weight or saddle height, strength calculations may not be submitted to Purchaser. 3.6 Miscellaneous 3.6.1 External shell attachments such as lifting lugs, clips for platforms/ladders and piping supports, insulation support rings, etc. shall be provided as required. / 3.6.2 Tailing lugs shall be provided for vertical vessels, towers and reactors of mass 10,000 kg and over. 10000kg 3.6.3 Lifting lugs and tailing lugs shall be designed taking account of vessel weight and lifting method, etc. Materials, procedures of welding them to the shell and inspection method shall also be carefully checked. The shock factor of 1.25, as minimum, shall be considered in the design of lugs and shell. 1.25 3.6.4 According to Purchasers information, Vendor shall check the strength of the vessels during transportation and field erection, and provide necessary reinforcements prior to shipment. The shock factor of 1.25, as minimum, shall be considered in these design. Vendor shall submit such strength calculations to Purchaser. 1.25 3.6.5 When specified in Purchasers requisition, vendor shall design platforms & ladders and lugs for them in accordance with Purchasers platform & ladder arrangement drawings. 3.6.6 In general, vessels shall be provided with two earth lugs. 4 FABRICATION 4.1 Plate Layout 4.1.1 Shell plates shall be laid out so that there will be a minimum of welded seams. 4.1.2 Longitudinal and circumferential welded seams shall not interfere with nozzle openings, reinforcement plates and saddle pads, as far as possible. If the seams is covered with reinforcement plates or saddle pads under Purchasers approval, they shall be ground flush with shell surface and radiographically examined in full length prior to welding of plates or pads.

4.1.3 Longitudinal welded seams on adjacent shell segments shall be separated by at least 4 times the wall thickness of the thicker plate but not less than 100 mm. 4100mm 4.1.4 Longitudinal and circumferential welded seams shall be kept out of the internal welds insofar as practical, and shall be so located that they can be easily inspected with internals in place. 4.2 Forming 4.2.1 Selection of hot or cold forming of materials may be made by Vendor, but heat treatment after forming shall conform to the requirements of applicable material specifications. 4.2.2 Austenitic stainless steel including clad plate shall generally be subjected to cold forming. If hot forming is unavoidable, solution heat treatment after forming shall be employed subject to Purchasers approval. 4.2.3 Austenitic stainless forging shall require solution heat treatnment. 4.2.4 A formed head shall generally be made of single plate. In case head diameter is equal to or larger than 1300 mm, Vendors in China may provide minimum number of welding seams for formed heads provided such seams shall be fully inspected by radiography and confirm soundness before forming. 1300mm 4.2.5 When temporary attachments are required during the forming work, they shall be welded to the shell plate using the same welding procedures as for the main seams. After removing these attachments, the surface shall be ground flush and examined by magnetic particle method. In case of high alloy steel or nonferrous materials, liquid penetrate method can be substituted. 4.3 Welding 4.3.1 Vendor shall obtain Purchasers approval for start of welding. 4.3.2 As a rule, vessels shall be welded by fusion arc process. 4.3.3 Welding procedures and welders shall be qualified in accordance with the specified code or standard. 4.3.4 Pressure holding seams shall normally be fullpenetration double-welded butt joints. Single-welded butt joints which ensure full-penetration may be used, where double-welded butt joints are impractical. Butt joint with backing

strip needs to obtain Purchasers prior written approval. 4.3.5 Welding electrodes and wires shall have chemical compositions and mechanical properties equal to or of higher grade than the base material. 4.3.6 Welding procedures shall be selected to minimize the residual stresses insofar as practical. 4.3.7 Preheating shall be carried out for carbon and low alloy steel welding where required. Preheating temperature shall be kept uniform from the start to the end of welding. 4.4 Heat Treatment 4.4.1 Unless otherwise stated, postweld heat treatment shall be carried out in accordance with the applicable codes or standards. 4.4.2 No welding shall be performed on vessels after the final postweld heat treatment without Purchasers approval. 4.4.3 The gasket faces of girth flanges shall be machined after final heat treatment. 5. INSPECTION AND TESTS 5.1 General Requirement 5.1.1 All pressure vessels shall be inspected and tested in accordance with the applicable local regulations, applied code and inspection and test plan approved by Purchaser. 5.1.2 Vender shall submit a detailed inspection and test plan for Purchasers approval. 5.1.3 The free chloride content of water used for hydrostatic test of austenitic stainless steel vessel shall be limited to 25 mg/L. After testing, vessels shall be drained and dried. 25 mg/L 6. NAMEPLATE, PAINTING AND MARKING 6.1 Nameplate A nameplate as shown in Vessel Standard shall be mounted on each vessel. Mounting on the removable parts is prohibited. The location of nameplate is specified on the engineering drawing. 6.2 Painting 6.2.1 As a rule, all external surface of vessels shall be painted in accordance with CIBA 3rd Line Project Piping

Materials Classification (CSTLT1300/O301), except the following. CIBA3CSTLT1300/O301 A. Surface of Stainless Steel and high alloy steels; Not painted. B. Gasket sheet surface; See Par. 6.2.2 6.2.2 6.2.2 All flange faces and other machined surfaces shall be coated with a readily removable rust preventive paint. 6.2.3 Vendor shall submit a detailed procedure of applicable painting system (Painting Specification) for Purchasers approval. 6.3 Marking 6.3.1 Each Pressure Vessels shall be marked in accordance with Vessel Standard D-123. D-123 6.3.2 Pressure Vessels subject to P.R.C. regulations shall be provided with the name and identification plate stipulated in the regulations. 6.3.3 All removable parts shall be identified. 6.3.4 Furthermore, all vessels shall be provided with an identification plate fitted with rivets on a supporting plate according to Identification plate/Nameplate standard drawings. / 6.3.5 The location of Identification plate/Nameplate is specified on Purchasers drawing or data sheet. / 7. PACKING AND SHIPPING 7.1 General Packing and shipping shall be in accordance with Engineering Specification R-453 Packing and Transportation and the following additional requirements. R-453 7.2 Packing and Preparation for Shipping 7.2.1 All vessels shall be dried up by draining and air blowing, thoroughly cleaned inside and outside and free of all dirt and loose foreign materials before shipping. 7.2.2 All flanged openings shall be provided with bolted steel cover of minimum 4.5 mm thickness with gaskets. Number of bolting is one forth of the service bolt but not less than 4 sets. 4.5mm1/4 4 7.2.3 Spare parts shall be packed separately from the vessels. 7.3 Shipping

7.3.1 Templates and foundation bolting shall be shipped separately from the vessels according to Purchasers instruction. 7.3.2 Internals within Vendors scope of supply shall be installed and assembled at Vendors shop before shipping, unless otherwise instructed by Purchaser. 7.3.3 No vessels shall be released for shipment from Vendors shop until it has been approved by Purchasers inspector. Appendix A A Fig. TOLERANCES FOR PRESSURE VESSELS [SHELLS AND HEADS] Tolerances for shape of formed heads and out-of-roundness of shells shall be as specified in the applicable codes. 1. Overall length between T.L.: 13 or 1.5 per 1000, whichever is greater, but not exceed the following value 1310001.5 Length, (L) Tolerances L 30000 25 L > 30000 40 2a. Inside diameter as determined by circumferential measurements: Nominal I.D., (D) Tolerances D 1200 3 1200 < D 2100 5 2100 < D 4000 6 4000 < D 6000 7 6000 < D 8000 8 8000 < D 10000 10 10000 < D 15 2b. Inside diameter of vessels with internal trays (by direct measurements): 0.5 % x Nominal I.D. 0.5 % 3. Straightness (deviation of shell external surface from a straight line) (1) Max.6 in any 6000 length 60006 (2) As measured in the total length (from bottom to top T.L.): Length, (L) Tolerances L 30000 Max.19 19 L > 30000 Max.25 25 [NOZZLES, MANHOLES AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS] 4a. Location of nozzle from T.L. : 6 4b. Orientation of nozzle from reference centerline : 6 4c. Nozzle flange face from shell external surface : 5 4d. Alignment of nozzle flange face : 1/2

4e. Rotation orientation of bolt hole at bolt circle : Max. 1.5 1.5 4f. Top (or bottom) flange face from adjacent T.L. : 10 4g. Location of nozzle on top head from center of head : 6 4h. Flange face of bottom draw-off nozzles from reference centerline: 10 5a. Location of manhole from T.L. : 10 5b. Orientation of manhole from reference centerline : 10 5c. Manhole flange face from shell external surface : 10 5d. Alignment of manhole flange face : 1 6. Location of nozzle and manhole (related to trays) from tray support ring: 3 7.Any pair of nozzles (i.e. nozzles for liquid level gauge and connected to reboiler) 7a. Difference in nozzle length : Max.1 1 7b. Distance between nozzles : 2 7c. Difference in orientation : Max.2 7d. Alignment of flange face : 1/4 8. Clips or other similar structural attachments for platform, ladder or pipe support 8a. Location from T.L. : 10 8b. Orientation from reference centerline : 10 8c. Distance between any pair of clips : 3 [SUPPORTS (SKIRT, LUGS, LEGS AND SADDLES)] 9a. Distance from T.L. to bottom of baseplate (height of skirt or leg): Nominal I.D., (D) Tolerances D 2100 6 D > 2100 9 9b. Out-of-level of baseplate (difference between max. and min. distances from T.L. to bottom of baseplate):

Nominal I.D., (D) Tolerances D 2100 Max. 3 2100 < D 4000 Max. 6 4000 < D 6000 Max. 7 6000 < D 8000 Max. 8 8000 < D 10000 Max. 10 10000 < D Max. 15 10. Distance from T.L. to support lug : 6 11. Bolt circle diameter and pitch between bolt holes: Nominal I.D., (D) D 2100 Tolerances 3

D > 2100 12. Horizontal vessels

12a. Distance from reference centerline to bottom of support saddle : 6 12b. Distance from T.L. to bolt hole center of support saddle : 6 12c. Distance between bolt holes of support saddle: Nominal I.D., (D) D 2100 D > 2100 REMARKS: Tolerances 3 6

1. Unless otherwise stated, all dimensions and tolerances are given in (mm). mm 2. T.L.: Tangent Line 3. Tolerances are not cumulative. 4. Tolerances indicated on Vessel Drawing shall govern. 5. Tolerances shown herein are intended to apply to both vertical and horizontal vessels. 6. For vessels fabricated from pipes, diameter tolerances shall be in accordance with the relevant pipe specification. 7. Tolerances as shown in 2a, 2b and 3 are not applied to distortion caused by welding for attaching parts, such as nozzles, support rings, lugs and other fittings to shells and heads. Measurements shall be made to the surface of the parent plate and not to a weld, fitting or other raised parts. 2a2b3 8. Even if the distance to flange face of nozzles (or manholes) from centerline of vessel is specified on Vessel Drawing, measurements shall be made as shown in 4c (or 5c). 4c5c