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# Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(525)
Section A : Straight Objective Type
AN is normal to the mirror
Let m be the slope of the line PQ, along which the mirror lies.
slope of OA = 2
slope of AB = 1
N
Y
X
O
Q
A
P
B
m
i
r
r
o
r
We have,
tan
1
1
=
+

m
m
PAB = tan QAO
m
m
2 1
2
+

=
(m 1) (1 + 2m) = (2 m)(1 + m)
3m
2
2m 1 = 0

3
10 1
= m
3
10 1+
= m The other value corresponds to the interior bisector of OAB. The slop of mirror
is always positive.
Squaring and adding the two relations
sin
2
a + cos
2
a + sin
2
b + cos
2
b + 2(sina sinb + cosa cosb) 2
4
6
4
2
= + =
cos(a b) = 0 ...(i)
Multiplying the relation
2
3
sin cos cos sin cos sin cos sin = + + + b a b a b b a a

2
3
) sin( 2 sin 2 sin = + + + b a b a

2
3
) sin( ) cos( ) sin( 2 = + + + b a b a b a

2
3
) sin( 0 = + + b a

2
3
) sin( = + b a
Miscellaneous Questions
UNIT5
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(526)
Alternate method
2
2
2
cos
2
sin 2 = |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
| + b a b a
....(i)
2
6
2
cos
2
cos 2 = |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
| + b a b a
....(ii)
From (i) & (ii)
3
1
2
tan = |
.
|

\
| + b a
a + b = 60

2
3
) sin( = + b a
|
.
|

\
| t

t
|
.
|

\
| t
+
t
=
t

t
24
sin
24
cos
24
sin
24
cos
24
sin
24
cos
2 2 2 2 4 4
4
6 2
4
) 1 3 ( 2
2 2
1 3
12
cos . 1
+
=
+
=
+
=
t
=
x x x x
2 4 2 4
sin 4 cos cos 4 sin + +
) cos 1 ( 4 cos ) sin 1 ( 4 sin
2 4 2 4
x x x x + + + =
2 2 2 2
) cos 2 ( ) sin 2 ( x x =
= (2 sin
2
x) (2 cos
2
x) = cos
2
x sin
2
x = cos2x
sin(x + y) = 0 iff x + y = k. Then the disk x
2
+ y
2
100 has been cut by parallel lines x + y = k, for
interger k. As sin(x y) = sin(x + y), the region containing points (x, y) with sin(x + y) > 0 are symmetric
w.r.t. the origin to the region containing points (x, y) with sin(x + y) < 0. Thus area of region R is half the
area of the disk C = 50.
+ = 1 = 3
2 2
( )( ) e o + e| eo + e | =
2
+
2
+ (
2
+ )
=
2
+
2

= ( + )
2
3
= 1 9
= 8
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(527)
{f(sin2x)}
2
= (sinx + cosx)
2
= 1 + sin2x
1 1 , 1 ) ( s s + = t t t f
For
4 4
t
s s
t
x we have 1 tanx 1 and so 0 tan
2
x 1
f(tan
2
x) = secx
(4cos
2
9 3) (4cos
2
27 3)

=
9 cos . 27 cos
) 9 cos 3 9 cos 4 )( 27 cos 3 27 cos 4 (
3 3
=

=

= 9 tan
9 cos
9 sin
9 cos
81 cos
9 cos 27 cos
27 cos 81 cos
(1 + tan1)(1 + tan2)...(1 + tan45)
= {(1 + tan1) (1 + tan44 )} {(1 + tan2 ) (1 + tan43)}....(1 + tan45)
= 2.2.2..... to 23 term = 2
23
Now, 2
n
= 2
23
n = 23
Note that (1 + tanA) (1 + tanB) = 2 if
4
t
= + B A
Let x = tan
2
, y = tan
2

## Thus the given expression =

2 2
( 1) ( 1) x y
y x
+ +
+
(x, y 0)
2 2
2 1 2 1 x x y y
y x
+ + + +
= +
2 2
1 1
2
x y x y
y x y x y x
| |
| |
= + + + + +
|
|
|
\ .
\ .
2 2
4
1 1
4 . . . 4 .
x y x y
y x y x y x
> +
= 4 + 4 = 8 (using AM- GM inequality)
Using AM- GM inequality
2
2 2
2 2
4
2 2
(sin ) (cos )
2(sin cos )
(cos ) (sin )
y
y y
y
y y
x x
x x
x x

+ >
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(528)
But,
2
4
2sin cos sin2 2(sin cos )
y
y
x x x x x

= >
And because sinx cosx < 1
We have,
2
1
4
y
y s
or
2
1 0
2
y | |
s
|
\ .
Thus all the equalities hold, y = 2, sinx = cosx. There is a unique solution
|
.
|

\
| t
= 2 ,
4
) , ( y x .
As A = B,
We have sum of elements must be equal
sin + sin2 + sin3 = cos + cos2 + cos3
2sin2 cos + sin = 2cos2 cos + cos2
sin2 (2cos + 1) = cos2(2cos + 1)
If 2cos + 1 = 0 then
2
1
cos = o and so, t +
t
= o k 2
3
2
for all integer k. But in this case A B.
sin2 = cos2 tan2 = 1, which yields Z k
k
e
t
+
t
= o ,
2 8
These angles satisfy the hypothesis of the problem also.
3 1
cos15
2 2
+
=
,
3 1
sin15
2 2

=
tan
24
t
=
1 cos15
sin15

=
2 2 3 1
3 1

=
6 3 2 2 +
= A B
Note that,
+ =
+

) 1 cot( cot
) 1 sin( sin
1 sin
x x
x x
Summing the series we have
(

+ +

134 sin 133 sin
1 sin
....
46 sin 45 sin
1 tan
1 sin
1
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(529)

+ + + =
1 sin
1
)] 134 cot 133 (cot .... ) 48 cot 47 (cot ) 46 cot 45 [(cot

+ + + + + =
1 sin
1
] 90 cot ) 91 cot 89 (cot )..... 133 cot 47 (cot ) 134 cot 46 (cot 45 [cot

=
1 sin
1
All other terms vanish
Sum of the series =

=
n sin
1
1 sin
1
The least value of n = 1
As a quadratic in cot x, we have
6
7 2 8
cot

= x
Product of roots, (cot x
1
) (cot x
2
) = 1
cotx tanx = 1 can be written as
|
.
|

\
|

t
=
|
.
|

\
|

t
= = x x x x x x
2
3
cot cot
2
cot cot tan cot 1
= cot cot
Then , are two angles in (0, ) satisfying the equation
2
3t
= | + o
Likewise in (, 2) we have two number and such that
2
7t
= o +
where, cot, cot are solutions of the equation
t =
t
+
t
= o + + | + o 5
2
7
2
3
2A = absinC = bcsinA = casinB
The expression equals
c b a b a
2 2 2 2 2
sin E
= abcosC
) cos cos (
2
1
B ac C ab + E =
) cos cos (
2
1
B c C b a + E =
2 2
1
.
2
1
2 2 2
2 c b a
a a a
+ +
= E = E =
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(530)
sin
6
a + 3sin
2
a cos
2
b + cos
6
b = 1
(sin
2
a)
3
+ (cos
2
b)
3
+ (1)
3
3(sin
2
a) (cos
2
b)(1) = 0
using x
3
+ y
3
+ z
3
3xyz = 0, we conclude that
for the above to hold
sin
2
a + cos
2
b 1 = 0
sin
2
a 1 cos
2
b
sin
2
a = sin
2
b
a = b
The other factor leads to an impossible result. Hence ). 0 ( 1 = = b
b
a
Then just one value of
b
a
is possible.
Note that
2sin2sin1+2(2sin4.sin1) +...+ 89(2sin178.sin1)
= (cos1 cos3) + 2(cos3 cos5) +...+ 89(cos 177 cos179)
= cos 1 + cos3 + cos5 + .... + (cos177) 89cos179
= cos1 + (cos3 + cos177) + .... + (cos89 + cos 91) + 89cos1
= cos1 + 0 + .... + 0 + 89cos1 = 90cos1
Average =
=

1 cot
1 sin 90
1 cos 90
(

|
.
|

\
|

t
=
(

|
.
|

\
|

+
t
=
1 3
3
1
3
tan ,
1 3
3
1
3
tan
n
k
k
n
k
k
v u
where we have taken n = 100
Let
1 3
3
tan
1

t
=

n
k
k
t
k
k
n
k
k
t
t
u
3 1
3
1 3
3
3
tan
1

+
= |
.
|

\
|

t
+
t
=

k
k
k
t
t
v
3 1
3
+

=
Now,
2
3
1
3 1
3
k
k k
k
t
t t
t

=
+
Implying,
k k
k
k
k
k
k
k
k
k
v u
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
=
+

+
=

=
+
3 1
3
.
3 1
3
3 1
3 1
2
2
Consequently,
[
=
+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

t
|
|
.
|

\
|

t
+ t
= =
n
k
n
n
n
n
k k
t
t
t
t
t
t
v u
1
1
2
3
1
2
1
1 3
tan
1 3
tan
..... .
Establishing, A = B
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(531)
We know that logarithmic function is concave down. Let us apply Jensen's inequality to the points
sinx < cosx < sinx + cosx with weights
1
= tanx,
2
= 1 tanx.
Note that for 0 < x < ,
4
t

1
and
2
are positive.
log(cosx) = log[tanx(sinx) + (1 tanx)(sinx + cosx)] > tanxlog(sinx) + (1 tanx) log (sinx + cosx)
As 1
4
sin 2 ) cos (sin >
|
.
|

\
| t
+ = + x x x and tanx < 1 in the interval ,
4
0
t
< < x we get
If |
.
|

\
| t
e
4
, 0 x
x x sin cos >
x x x
x x x
sin cos cos
) (sin ) (sin ) (cos > >
log(cosx) > tanxlog(sinx)
) log(sin
cos
sin
) log(cos x
x
x
x >
cosx log(cosx) > sinx log(sinx)
cosx
cosx
> sinx
sinx
always exceeds
y = sin
1
(3x 4x
3
)
= 3sin
1
x if
1
2
x s
= 3sin
1
x if
1
1
2
x < s
= 3sin
1
x if
1
1
2
x s <
z = sin
1
x then
y = 3z if
1
2
x s
= 3z if
1
1
2
x < s
= 3z if
1
1
2
x s <

dy
dz
= 3 if |x| <
1
2
= 3 if
1
1
2
x < <
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(532)
}
+
=
x
t
tdt
x f
2
4
1
) (
f
1
(x) = g(x)
f(g(x)) = x f (g(x)) g(x) = 1
17 ) 0 ( = ' g
We have,
( )
4
0
2 1
x
x
e f x t dt

= + +
}
x (1, 1)
Differentiating w.r.t. x, we get
( ) ( ) ( )
4
' 1
x
e f x f x x

= +

( ) ( )
4
' 1
x
f x f x x e = + +
f
1
is the inverse of f
f
1
(f(x)) = x
f
1
(f(x)) f (x) = 1

( ) ( )
( )
1
1
'
'
f f x
f x

( ) ( )
( )
1
4
1
'
1
x
f f x
f x x e

=
+ +
at x = 0, f(x) = 2
( )
1
1 1
' 2
2 1 3
f

= =
+
f(x) = e
g(x)
f(x) = g(x) e
g(x)
= g(x) f(x)
) 2 tan (tan
2
1
1
) (
1 1
2
4

=
+
=
}
x
t
tdt
x g
x
17
2
) 2 ( = ' f
I dx c x f
c b
c a
= +
}

) (
Put x + c = t dx = dt
dx x f dt t f I
b
a
b
a
} }
= = ) ( ) (
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(533)
} } }
+

+
=
+

7
6
7 7
7
1 ) 1 ( ) 1 (
1
x
dx x
x x
dx
dx
x x
x
c x x + + = ) 1 ln(
7
2
ln
7
n n
x
dx
n
nx
dx
n
n
n
4 4

1
tan 1
1
tan 1
2 /
0
2 /
0
t
=
t
=
+
=
+
} }
t t
}
=
x
dt t t t x f
0
) 2 )( 1 ( ) (
f (x) = x(x 1) (x 2)
+ +

0 1 2
minima will be at 0 and 2
dx x f dx x f dx x f
a
a
a
a
} } }
+ =
0
0
) ( ) ( ) (
dx x f dx x f
a a
} }
+ =
0 0
) ( ) (
dx x f x f
a
)] ( ) ( [
0
+ =
}
I dx
x x
x
=
+
}
| | ln 1
| | ln
Put ln|x| + 1 = t
2
tdt dx
x
2
1
=
c t
t
dt t
t
dt t t
I + = =

=
} }
2
3
2 ) 1 ( 2
2 ) 1 (
3
2
2
dx
x
x
x
x I
}
t
|
.
|

\
|
=
/ 4
0
2
1
cos
1
sin 3
Put u
u

=
u
= d dx x
2
1 1
u
(

u
u
u
u u
=
}
t

d I cos
1
sin
3 1
2 2
4 /
} }

t

t
u
u u
u u
u
=
4 /
3 4
4 /
cos
sin
3 d
d
3
2 32
t
=
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(534)
1
2
cos
2 2
cos
2
lim
1
0
1
0
= |
.
|

\
| t t
=
t t
}

=

dx
x
n
r
n
n
r
n
0
log
1
1
log
2 log
2 ln
) 2 (log
2 log
4
2
4
2
2
=
(

|
.
|

\
|
=
(
(

} }
dx
x x
dx
x
x
(Put log x = t)
( 2 ) ( ) f x f x + t =
m n is odd one is even and the other is odd
] ) sin( ) [sin(
2
1
sin cos x m n x m n nx mx + + =
t t
(

+
+
=
}
0
0
) cos( ) cos(
2
1
sin cos
m n
x m n
m n
x m n
nx mx
2 2
2 1 1 1 1
2
1
m n
n
m n m n m n m n

=
(

+
+
+

+
+
=
2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
4
) 1 (
2
) 1 (
) 1 (
) 1 (
1
+

+
+
=
+
+
x
x
x x
x
x x
x
C
x
x dx
x x
x
+
+
+ =
+
+
} 2 2 2
4
1
1
| | ln
) 1 (
1
) 1 ( 8
1
) ( 2 ) (
lim
1
2
lim
1
) (
4
1
' =
'
=

}
f
x f x f
x
tdt
x
x f
x
dx x x x x dx x x x
} }
+ + = + + cot ec cos 2 cot ec cos ) ec cos (cot cot 2 1
2 2
}
+ |
.
|

\
|
= + c
x
dx x x
2
sin ln 2 | cot ec cos |
3 3
4
2 cos
4
2 sin
4
|
.
|

\
| t
+ + |
.
|

\
| t
+ = |
.
|

\
| t
+ x x x f
= |cos2x|
3
+ |sin2x|
3
= f(x)
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(535)
We have,
( )
4
0
2 1
x
x
e f x t dt

= + +
}
x (1, 1)
Differentiating w.r.t. x, we get
( ) ( ) ( )
4
' 1
x
e f x f x x

= +

( ) ( )
4
' 1
x
f x f x x e = + +
f
1
is the inverse of f
f
1
(f(x)) = x
f
1
(f(x)) f (x) = 1

( ) ( )
( )
1
1
'
'
f f x
f x

( ) ( )
( )
1
4
1
'
1
x
f f x
f x x e

=
+ +
at x = 0, f(x) = 2
( )
1
1 1
' 2
2 1 3
f

= =
+
0
sin 4 sin 3
lim 0
3 sin
lim
3
3 3
0
2 3
0
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
= |
.
|

\
|
+ +

x
bx ax x x
b
x
a
x
x
x x

4
3
3 cos 3
lim 4
sin 3
lim
2
2
0
3
3
0
=
+ +
=
+ +

x
bx a x
x
bx ax x
x x
a = 3 and
2
9
= b
f
1
(x) = g(x) x = f(g(x))
1 = f (g(x)) g(x)

)) ( (
1
) (
x g f
x g
'
= '
5
)] ( [ 1
1
)) ( (
x g
x g f
+
= '
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(536)
tan {tan
1
2 + tan
1
20 k} = k
k
k
k
=

+
40 1
20 2
2 + 20k = k 40k
2
40k
2
+ 19k + 2 = 0
From the definition of the given function it is clear that f
1
(x) = f
3
(x) x R.
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
=
6 5
4 3
x
x
F y
F(x) = tan x
2
2
2
2
) 6 5 (
1

6 5
4 3
tan 2
) 6 5 (
) 4 3 ( 5 ) 6 5 ( 3

6 5
4 3
+
(

+
+
=
+
+ +
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
' =
x x
x
x
x x
x
x
f
dx
dy
t < u <
t
= u

= u
2 13
12
sin ;
13
5
cos
13
12
sin
13
5
cos
13
5
cos
1 1 1
t = |
.
|

\
|
t = |
.
|

\
|
= u
2
10
1
) (
x
x
x f
+
= ' ; x = f(g(x)) ; g(2) = a
10
2
1
) (
1
) 2 (
)) ( (
1
) (
a
a
a f
g
x g f
x g
+
=
'
= '
'
= '
0 ] ) 2 7 [( lim
4 5

= + + =

x x x P
C
x

(
(

|
.
|

\
|
+ + =
t
t t
P
C
t
1
2
7 1
lim
4 5
0
0
) 2 7 1 (
lim
5
1 5 5
0
=
(
(

+ +
=

C
C C
t
t
t t t
5
1
= c or
5
7
= c
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(537)
y
2
= P(x) = ax
3
+ bx
2
+ cx + d
b ax x P
dx
dy
dx
y d
y c bx ax x P
dx
dy
y 2 6 ) ( 2 2 2 3 ) ( 2
2
2
2
2
+ = = |
.
|

\
|
+ + + = ' = |
.
|

\
|

2
2
2
3
2
2
2
3
)) ( (
2
1
) ( ) ( 2 ) ( ) ( 2
2
1
2 x P x P x P
dx
y d
y x P x P
dx
dy
y
dx
y d
y ' = = |
.
|

\
|
+

) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( 2
2
2
3
x P x P x P x P x P x P x P x P
dx
y d
y
dx
d
' = ' ' + ' =
(
(

x x
x
x x
x
x x
+

2
1
2
1
2 cos 2 cos
lim
| |
2 cos 2 cos
lim
2 sin 2
1 2
2 sin 2
lim
1
=
+
=
x
x
x
h(x) and g(x) are differentiable at x = 0 but f(x) is not differentiable at x = 0.
1 =
+ +
+
+ +
+
+ +
=
p n m
p
p n m
n
p n m
m
x x x
x
x x x
x
x x x
x
y
0 =
dx
dy
x x x
x x x
x x x
x f
3 cos 3 3 sin 3 cos
2 cos 2 2 sin 2 cos
cos sin cos
) ( =
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x x x
x f
3 sin 9 3 sin 3 cos
2 sin 4 2 sin 2 cos
sin sin cos
3 cos 3 3 cos 3 3 cos
2 cos 2 2 cos 2 2 cos
cos cos cos
3 cos 3 3 sin 3 sin 3
2 cos 2 2 sin 2 sin 2
cos sin sin
) (

+ +

=
4
9 1 0
0 0 1
1 1 0
0
0 1 3
2 0 0
0 1 1
2
=

+ +

= |
.
|

\
| t
' f
2
2 cos
) (
x
x e x
x f
x
+
=
2
5
2
2 cos 4
lim
2
2 sin 2 1
lim
2 cos
lim
0 0
2
0
=

=

=
+

x e
x
x e
x
x e x
x
x
x
x
x
x
[f(0)] {f(0)} = 1.5
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(538)
Using algebra of limits (3) is correct.
) ( ) (
2
lim
4
) ( ) (
lim
2
) ( ) (
lim
4 4 4
x g x f
x
x
x g x f
x
x g x f
x x x
+
+

2 3
2 2
2 2

1
6 9
=
+
+
=
f(x) = x
1/3
is continuous but not differentiable at x = 0.
) ( 5
1
) 2 ( 2 ) 3 ( 3
lim
) 2 ( ) 3 (
lim
0 0
x f
h x f h x f
h
h x f h x f
h h
' =
' + + '
=
+

The function f : R R, f(x) = x
3
+ 2x
2
x + 1 is not a monotonic function.
h(x) = [f(x)]
2
+ [g(x)]
2
h(x) = 0 h(x) = m h(x) = mx + c
c = 2, m = 1
Between two roots of the equation f (x) = 0 the function f(x) will be monotonic.
x
x x x x
x
x x x
x f
3
2 2 4 2
3
2 4 6
tan 3
] tan 9 tan 1 )[tan 1 (tan
tan 3
1 tan 9 tan 9 tan
) (
+ + +
=
+
=
f (x) = 16 cosec 2x = 16
a = min [x
2
+ 2x + 3], x R and
x x
x
e e
x x
b

=
cos sin
lim
0
2
1 2 cos
lim
2 sin
lim
0
2
1
0
=
+
=

x x
x
x x
x
e e
x
e e
x
b
a = 2
n
n n
r
n
r n
r
r n r
b a
2 . 3
1 4
2
2
1
0
2
0

= =
+
= =

xy bx xy ay aby
x ay ab
y b x
a
x
y
y b
x
+ = + +
+ +
+
=
+
=
+
2
) (
) (
aby + ay
2
= bx

) 2 (
) 2 (
ay ab
b
y b y ay ab
+
= ' = ' +
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(539)
Coefficient of x
7
in
7
7
7
3
1
2
3
2

=
(

+
n n
n
C
x
Coefficient of x
8
in
8
8
8
3
1
2
3
2

=
(

+
n n
n
C
x
8
8
8
7
7
7
3
1
2
3
1
2

=
n n n n
C C
8
2
) 7 (
3
=
n
n = 19
6
83
+ 8
83
= (7 1)
83
+ (7 + 1)
83
So that if it is divided by 49 the remainder will be 35.
15
23
+ 23
23
= (19 4)
23
+ (19 + 4)
23
Which is divisible by 19.
Sum of the binomial co-efficients = 64 2
n
= 64
n = 6
T
3
=
6
C
2

2
4
4
3
5
4
3
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
| x x
+ 20 =
6
C
3
x = 0
7
100
3
100
= (5 + 2)
100
(5 2)
100
The last three digits will be 000
(1 + x + x
2
)
25
= a
0
+ a
1
x + a
2
x + ....... + a
50
x
50
a
0
+ a
1
+ a
2
+ ....... + a
50
= 3
25
....(i)
a
0
a
1
+ a
2
a
3
+ ....... + a
50
= 1 ....(ii)
a
0
+ a
2
+ a
4
+ ....... + a
50
=
2
1 3
25
+
which is even,
because 3
25
= (1 + 2)
25
=
25
C
0
+
25
C
1
(2) +
25
C
2
(2)
2
+ ..... and
2
1 3
25
+
= even integer.
The sum of co-efficients of all even power of x in (2x
2
3x + 1)
11
=
2
1
sum of co-efficients of {(2x
2
3x + 1)
11
+ (2x
2
+ 3x + 1)
11
}
=
2
1
[6
11
] = 3.6
10
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(540)
n
C
r 1
+ 3
n
C
r
+
n
C
r + 2
+ 3
n
C
r + 1
=
n
C
r 1
+
n
C
r
+ 2(
n
C
r
+
n
C
r + 1
) +
n
C
r + 1
+
n
C
r + 2
=
n + 1
C
r
+ 2 .
n + 1
C
r + 1
+
n + 1
C
r + 2
=
n + 2
C
r + 1
+
n + 2
C
r + 2
=
n + 3
C
r + 2
f P
n
+ = + ) 6 2 5 (
Let 1 0 ) 6 2 5 ( < < = F F
n
P + f + F = 2 (An integer) f + F I
But 0 < f + F < 2 f + F = 1 F = 1 f
P is an odd integer
(f
2
f ) + Pf P = (f + P) (f 1) = (f + P) (F) 1
Here only two rational terms exist. They are first and last term.
The sum of all rational terms in the expansion of (3
1/4
+ 4
1/3
)
12
= 27 + 256 = 283
! )! 1 ( !
)! 1 ( )! 1 ( )! 1 (
3
2
1
1
r r n n
n r n r
K
C
C
r
n
r
n

+
= =
+

n
r
K
1
3
2
+
= but 1
1
0 s
+
<
n
r

2 3 s < K
30
C
0

30
C
10

30
C
1

30
C
11
+ ....... +
30
C
20

30
C
30
= co-efficient of x
10
in (1 + x)
30

30
1
1 |
.
|

\
|

x
= co-efficient of x
20
in (1 x
2
)
30
=
30
C
10
.
f(x) = (1 + b
2
)x
2
+ 2bx + 1
2 2
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1 2
1
1
2
1
) (
b b
b b b
b
b
b
b
b m
+
=
+
+ +
= +
+

+
+
=
0 < m(b) 1
f(x) = 2x + sinx f (x) = 2 + cosx > 0 x R
f(x) is one-one.
The range of f(x) is R f(x) is onto.
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(541)
From the given definition it is clear that f(f
1
(B)) = B only if B f(x)
( ) 1 lim
1
lim
1
) (sin lim
0 ln sin
0
sin
0
sin
/ 1
0
= = = |
.
|

\
|
= |
.
|

\
|
+

+ + +
e e
x x
x
x x
x
x
x
x
x
x
f(1) = 1, f(2) = 4, f(3) = 9
According to LMVT
)) 3 , 1 ( ( 4
1 3
) 1 ( ) 3 (
) (
1 1
e =

= ' c
f f
c f
dx x x x x x
}

+ + + + + +
0
2
2 3
)] 1 cos( ) 1 ( 3 3 3 [
= dt t t t
}

+ +
1
1
3
)] cos 2 [ (where t = x + 1)
= 4
, cos ) (sin sin cos sin 1 ) (
2
1
sin
2
x x xf x x dt t f t
x
= =
}
differentiate the equation w.r.t. (x).
3
3
1
sin
1
) (sin
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
= f
x
x f
If we require the highest power of a prime p in n!, we express n in base p. Then the highest power of p in n!
=
1
tion representa base in present digits of sum

p
p n
5
6 1 7
) 16 9 4 1 (
=

+ + +
=
n n
a
2
+ b
2
ab = c
2
admits of a beautiful geometric interpretation.
a
2
+ b
2
2ab cos60 = c
2
Thus, a, b, c are sides of a triangle with the angle opposite c being 60
Hence 60, 60
or 60; 60
o
|
60
a
b
c
So, a c b or a c b
in both cases (a c) (b c) 0
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(542)
Let's make use of the sweet little identity
(a
2
+ b
2
)(x
2
+ y
2
) = (ax + by)
2
+ (ay bx)
2
or (ax + by)
2
= (a
2
+ b
2
)(x
2
+ y
2
) (ay bx)
2
(ax + by)
2
(a
2
+ b
2
) (x
2
+ y
2
) ( (ay bx)
2
0) ...(i)
Our aim to minimize , ) 2 3 ( ) 2 3 ( y x P + = when x
2
+ y
2
= 10.
Take ) 2 3 ( , 2 3 = + = b a in (i)
10 ) 2 3 ( ) 2 3 (
2 2 2 2
= + + = + b a
10 10 } ) 2 3 ( ) 2 3 {(
2
s + y x
P
2
100
| P| 10
Put
2 2
3 3
= = a a
2 3 3
1 4 2 1 a a + = +
(1 a + a
2
)
2
= 1 + a
2
+ a
4
2a 2a
3
+ 2a
2
= 1 + a
2
+ 2a 2a 4 + 2a
2
( a
3
= 2)
= 3a
2
3 = 3(a
2
1)
(1 a + a
2
)
3
= (1 a + a
2
)
2
(1 a + a
2
) = 9(a 1)

3
2
) 1 ( 9 1 = + a a a

3 3 3 3 3
1 2 9 4 2 1 = +

A B = = +
3 3
3 3 3
1 2
9
4
9
2
9
1
Observe that,
99899 = 9x
4
+ 9x
3
+ 8x
2
+ 9x + 9, where x = 10
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + + + =
2
2 2
9 9
8 9 9
x
x
x x x
)
`

+ |
.
|

\
|
+ +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ = 8
1
9
1
9
2
2 2
x
x
x
x x
= x
2
{ 9 (
2
2) + 9 + 8}, where
x
x
1
+ = o
= x
2
(3 + 5) (3 2)
|
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ + = 2
3
3 5
3
3
2
x
x
x
x x
= (3x
2
+ 5x + 3) (3x
2
2x + 3)
99899 = 353 283
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(543)
Let 2
252
have m digits when it is expanded and written down and 5
252
have n digits when it is expanded and written
down
then 10
m1
< 2
252
< 10
m
and 10
n1
< 5
252
< 10
n
10
m + n 2
< 10
252
< 10
m + n
m + n 2 < 252 < m + n
m + n 1 = 252 m + n = 253
The idea is to replace 17 by x + 1 to calculate the value at x = 16.
At x = 16, the value is
= x
4
17x
3
+ 17x
2
17x + 17
= x
4
(x + 1)x
3
+ (x + 1)x
2
(x + 1)x + 17
= 17 x = 17 16 = 1
In this type of problems we must look for periodicity when it at all, the sequence starts repeating itself.
n n n
a a a =
+ + 1 2
2
n n n
a a a + =
+ + 2 1
2
...(i)
Changing n n + 2
2 4 3
2
+ + +
+ =
n n n
a a a ..(ii)
n n n n n
a a a a a + + = +
+ + + + 2 4 3 1
2 ) ( 2
2a
n+2
= a
n + 4
+ 2a
n + 2
+ a
n
a
n + 4
= a
n
...(iii)
Changing n n + 4
a
n + 8
= a
n + 4
...(iv)
Equation (iv) (iii); a
n + 8
= a
n
a
n
= a
n + 8
= a
n + 16
= a
n + 24
= ....................
a
337
= a
8 42 + 1
= a
1
= 13
Similarly a
338
= a
2
= 25
Surprisingly the number (12321)
b
turns out to be a perfect square in all bases b 4.
(12321)
b
= b
4
+ 2b
3
+ 3b
2
+ 2b + 1
= (b
4
+ 1) + 2b(b
2
+ 1) + 3b
2
= (b
2
+ 1)
2
+ 2b(b
2
+ 1) + b
2
= (b
2
+ 1 + b)
2
which showing that (12321)
b
is a perfect square in all bases b 4.
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(544)
If possible let the sum of k consecutive positive integers starting with n be 1000.
Then n + (n + 1) + (n + 2) + ........ + (n + k 1) = 1000

2000 ) 1 2 ( 1000 ] 1 2 [
2
= + = + k n k k n
k
Since (2n + k 1) k = 2n 1 is odd, one of the two terms on the left is even and the other odd.
The only odd factor of 2000 are 1, 5, 25 and 125.
For odd k, we need take only 1, 5, 25 ( 2n + k 1 > k) and for odd 2n + k 1, we need only take 125.
Four cases are (one trivial)
k = 1, 2n + k 1 = 2000 giving n = 1000.
Similarly k = 5, n = 198
k = 25, n = 8
For 2n + k 1 = 125, k = 16 giving n = 55.
Thus, there are only 4 sets of consecutive positive integers having sum 1000, viz
{1000} trivial
{198, 199, 200, 201, 202} 5 integers
{28, 29,........., 52} 25 integers
{55, 56,........., 70} 16 integers
1
2
1
2
(0, 1)
(0, 0) (1, 0)
(1, 1)
Divide the square into 4 regions
Of the five points distributed in the big square, at least one of the small squares must have at least two points
by the Pigeon hole principle. These two being in a square of side
2
1
unit, are at most 2
2
1
i.e.
2
1
units
apart, as
2
1
is the length of the diagonal of the small square.
In an A.P. the terms equidistant from the beginning and the end are equal.
a
1
+ a
24
= a
5
+ a
20
= a
10
+ a
15
3(a
1
+ a
24
) = 81 a
1
+ a
24
= 27

324 ) 27 (
2
24
........
24 2 1
= = + + + a a a
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(545)
Let b = ar, c = ar
2
.
For triangle ABC, we have a + b > c.
a + ar > ar
2
r
2
r 1 < 0

2
5 1
2
5 1 +
< <

r
Also b + c > a ar + ar
2
> a r
2
+ r 1 > 0

|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|

e ,
2
5 1
2
5 1
, r
and a + c > b r
2
r + 1 > 0 which is true for all r.
Combining, we get
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
e
2
1 5
,
2
1 5
r
(Once you see an expression involving many s, there is no need to panic. You just have to find how many
terms are being summed up by that notation.)

s < < s i j n k 0
1, has
n + 1
C
3
terms and all of them are equal to 1.

3
1
3
1
0
). 1 ( 1 C C
n n
i j n k
+ +
s < < s
= =

4x
2
+ 9y
2
+ 16z
2
6xy 12yz 8zx = 0
4x
2
2x (3y + 4z) + 9y
2
+ 16z
2
12yz = 0
As x R, 4(3y + 4z)
2
16(9y
2
+ 16z
2
12yz) 0
3(3y 4z)
2
0
3y = 4z.{ x
2
0 , x R x = 0}
Putting these values in the given relation, we get
2x = 3y
2x = 3y = 4z =

4
,
3
,
2

=

= z y x
x, y, z are in H.P.
a
n
= n
2
2n + 2 = (n 1)
2
+ 1
a
n + 1
= n
2
+ 1
a
n
a
n + 1
= (n
2
2n + 2) (n
2
+ 1)
= (n
2
n + 1)
2
+ 1 = (n
2
n + 2 1)
2
+ 1
=
2
2
+ n n
a .
a
40
a
41
= a
1562
Similarly a
36
a
37
= a
1262
, a
24
a
25
= a
554
and a
52
a
53
= a
2654
.
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(546)
The lines are x + y = 0, 3x + y 4 = 0, x + 3y 4 = 0. Their points of intersection will be (1, 1), (2, 2), (2, 2),
which are the vertices of an isosceles triangle.
SQ
2
= (x + 1)
2
+ y
2
, SR
2
= (x 2)
2
+ y
2
and SP
2
= (x 1)
2
+ y
2
SQ
2
+ SR
2
= 2SP
2
(x + 1)
2
+ (x 2)
2
= 2(x 1)
2
2x + 1 4x + 4 = 4x + 2
2x + 3 = 0
After rotation the perpendicular distance from the origin will be unchanged so that
2 2 2 2
1 1 1 1
q p b a
+ = + .
|x| + |y| = 1 this will be a square.
The triangle formed by the lines xy = 0 and x + y = 1 is an isosceles triangle. Its orthocentre will be (0, 0)
The triangle formed be the vertices ) 3 , 1 ( , (0, 0) and (2, 0) is an equilateral triangle so that its incentre and
centroid will be same.
The area of parallelogram formed by y = mx, y = mx + 1, y = nx and y = nx + 1 is
1
| | m n
because the area of
the parallelogram is P
1
P
2
coses, where P
1
and P
2
are the distances between pair of parallel lines and is the
angle between two adjacent sides, here
2
2
2
1
1
1
,
1
1
n
P
m
P
+
=
+
= and
mn
n m
+

= u
1
| tan | .
Hence
| |
1
ec cos
2 1
n m
P P

= u
P (1, 0), Q (0, 0), ) 3 3 , 3 ( R
60
Q
P(1, 0)
R(3, 3 3)
The equation of the angle bisector will be x y 3 = .
Let A (0, 0), B (3, 4), C (3, 0)
AB = 5, BC = 4 and AC = 3
The orthocentre will be C (3, 0).
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(547)
x
2
y
2
+ 2y 1 = 0 x
2
(y 1)
2
= 0
x + y 1 = 0 and x y + 1 = 0
The area of the triangle will be 2 sq. units.
The equation of the tangent is 4 + y = 4x
The circle will be (x 2)
2
+ (y 4)
2
+ (4x y 4) = 0
The circle passes through (0, 1)
4 + 9 + (5) = 0 =
5
13
The centre will be |
.
|

\
|

10
53
,
5
16
Let the mid-point be (h, k), then the equation of the chord is
hx + ky = h
2
+ k
2
The chord subtends right angle at (0, 0)
h
2
+ k
2
= 2.
Let the centre be (x, y) then
(x a)
2
+ (y b)
2
+ k
2
= x
2
+ y
2
2ax + 2by (a
2
+ b
2
+ k
2
) = 0
( , ) a b
( , ) x y (0, 0)
k
t/2
(x 1)
2
+ (y 3)
2
= r
2
(x 4)
2
+ (y + 1)
2
= 9
C
1
(1, 3) C
2
(4, 1)
r
1
= v r
2
= 3
For intersection |r
1
r
2
| < C
1
C
2
< (r
1
+ r
2
)
|r 3| < 5 and 5 < r + 3, by these inequation 2 < r < 8
The circle is passing through (0, 0), (1, 0) and touches x
2
+ y
2
= 9 the radius will be
2
3
and the centre will be
|
.
|

\
|
2 ,
2
1
.
Let the centre be (x, y) and the radius be r then (x 3)
2
+ (y 3)
2
= (2 + r)
2
= (2 + |x|)
2
Q (3, 4) R (4, 3)
Let P (h, k)
QOR =
2
t
(O is the origin)
QPR =
2
1
QOR =
4
t
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(548)
The circles x
2
+ y
2
+ 2x + 2ky + 6 = 0 and x
2
+ y
2
+ 2ky + k = 0 are orthogonal
2.1.0 + 2.k.k = 6 + k 2k
2
k 6 = 0
2k
2
4k + 3k 6 = 0 (2k + 3) (k 2) = 0
Let A (r, 0) B (0, r) and P (r cos , r sin ) then the centroid will be
3
sin
,
3
cos u +
=
u +
=
r r
y
r r
x

1
3 3
2 2
= |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
r
r y
r
r x
Point Q will be (0, 3). The length of tangent will be
5 2 18 0 9 0
1
= + + + = S
The sides of the square are x = 2, x = 6, y = 9, y = 5.
Centre of the circle will be
|
.
|

\
| + +
2
5 9
,
2
6 2
or (4, 7)
The length of the common chord = length of diameter of x
2
+ y
2
2x 6y + 6 = 0 Common chord = 4.
Distance between (2, 1) and (1, 3) = 5
2
= +
Let the centre be (x, y) then
x
2
+ (y 1)
2
= (1 + |y|)
2
, because if circle touches x-axis then its radius = |y|
The centre is
|
.
|

\
|
0 ,
2
P
and the radius is P then the equation will be
2 2
2
2
P y
P
x = + |
.
|

\
|

.
The point of intersection will be |
.
|

\
|
P
P
,
2
and |
.
|

\
|
P
P
,
2
.
Focii of the ellipse 1
9 16
2 2
= +
y x
will be ) 0 , 7 ( and centre of the circle is (0, 3) then the radius will be 4.
x = t
2
+ t + 1, y = t
2
t + 1

t
y x
= |
.
|

\
|
2
or 1
2 2
2
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
=
y x y x
x which is a parabola.
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(549)
The equation of normal of the parabola y
2
= 12x is
y = mx 6m 3m
3
where m = 1
k = 6 (1) 3 (1)
3
= 9
y
2
kx + 8 = 0 |
.
|

\
|
=
k
x k y
8
2
The directrix will be 0
4
8
= +
k
k
x but it is given by x 1 = 0
1
4
8
= +
k
k
k
2
+ 4k 32 = 0
8 , 4
2
12 4
=

= k
Let the mid-point be (x, y) and the moving point be (at
2
, 2at)

2
2
a at
x
+
= and y = at

|
.
|

\
|
= |
.
|

\
|
= |
.
|

\
|
2
2
2
2
2
a
x a y
a
y
a
a x
The directrix will be x = 0.
The tangent to the curve y
2
= 8x is y = mx +
m
2
1
2
= |
.
|

\
|
+
m
mx x m
2
x
2
+ 2x + m = 0, but this equation has equal roots.
4 4m
3
= 0 m = 1
The tangent will be y = x + 2
The ends of the latus rectum of 1
5 9
2 2
= +
y x
will be |
.
|

\
|

3
5
, 2 and |
.
|

\
|

3
5
, 2 . The area will be 27 sq. units.
Let the focal chord be y = m(x 4) (x 6)
2
+ m
2
(x 4)
2
= 2
The equation must have equal roots
m = 1, 1.
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(550)
y = ax
2
and x = ay
2
.
Thier point of intersection will be (0, 0),
|
.
|

\
|
a a
1
,
1
The area will be
1
/ 1
0
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

}
a
dx
a
x
ax

3
1
= a
The equation of pair of tangents from (1, 4) to y
2
= 4x is SS
1
= T
2
(y
2
4x) (1 16) = [2y (x + 1)]
2
The angle between the tangents will be
3
t
1
2 4
2 2
=
y x
. Let the point of contact be (x
1
, y
1
) then the tangent will be 1
2 4
1 1
=
yy xx
Comparing 6 , 4
1 1
= = y x
Point will be ) 6 , 4 (
Let the tangent be 1
sin cos
=
u
+
u
b
y
a
x
The points of intersection with the axes will be (a sec , 0) and (0, b cosec )
Area of the triangle =
2
1
|ab sec cosec| =
u 2 sin
| | ab
The minimum area will be at
4
t
= u , that is |ab|
The equation of tangent to y = x
2
+ 6 at (1, 7) is 7 + y = 2x + 12
y = 2x + 5
The co-ordinates of point Q will be (6, 7).
| | ,

,

2

2 c c a j i b k j i a = + = + = and 2 2 | | = a c
k j i j i k j i b a + + = + + =

2 )

( ) 2

2 (
2
1
| | 3 | sin | | | | | | ) ( | c c b a c b a = u =
but 1 | | = c
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(551)
Vector perpendicular to
a

and coplanar a

and b

is given by ) ( b a a

= )

( 9 j +
Unit vector = )

(
2
1
j +
Let the point of intersection be (, , ) then
= 2 + 1 = + 3; = 3 1 = 2 + k; = 4 + 1 = .

2
9
= k
Volume a a
a
a
a
V + = =
3
1
1 0
1 0
1 1
V will be minimum if
3
1
= a
2 1
2
1
4 k z y x
=

## lies in the plane 2x 4y + z = 7 if

2(4) 4(2) + k = 7 k = 7
b a 2 + and b a 4 5 are perpendicular then
0 cos | | | | 6 | | 8 | | 5 0 ) 4 5 ( ) 2 (
2 2
= u + = + b a b a b a b a
2
1
cos = u angle between a

and b

is 60.
) . . . ( 2 3 ) ( but ), . . . ( 2 6 | | | | | |
2 2 2 2
a c c b b a c b a a c c b b a a c c b b a + + + = + + + + = + +

0 3 ) . . . ( 2 > + + + a c c b b a
2
3
. . . > + + a c c b b a
9
2
3
2 6 | . | | . | | . |
2 2 2
= |
.
|

\
|
s + + a c c b b a
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(552)
The system is
) ( 8
4 4
2
2
2
2
x y
y
b
x
a
=
...(i)
ax by = x
4
y
4
; a, b > 0 ...(ii)
(Idea : The system when seen as a pair of equations in x and y is of much higher degree, than when seen as a pair
of equations in a and b. The trick is to solve the system for a, b instead of x, y).
Multiplying (i) by x
4
yields,
) ( 8
4 4 4
2
4 2
2 2
x y x
y
x b
x a + =
...(A)
From (ii), we have a
2
x
2
= (by + x
4
y
4
)
2
= b
2
y
2
+ 2by (x
4
y
4
) + (x
4
y
4
)
2
...(B)
From (A) and (B),
2 4 4 4 4 2 2 4 4 4
2
4 2
) ( ) ( 2 ) ( 8 y x y x by y b x y x
y
x b
+ + = +
0 ) ( ) )( ( 8 ) ( 2
) (
2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
2
4 4 2
= +

y x x y x y x by
y
y x b

0 ) 9 )( ( ) ( 2
) (
4 4 4 4 4 4
2
4 4 2
=

y x y x y x by
y
y x b
If x y, then dividing by x
4
y
4
, we have
b
2
2by
3
y
2
(9x
4
y
4
) = 0
b
2
2by
3
y
2
(3x
2
y
2
)(3x
2
+ y
2
) = 0
b
2
2by
3
+ (3x
2
y + y
3
) (3x
2
y + y
3
) = 0
b
2
b{y
3
3x
2
y) + (y
3
+ 3x
2
y)} + (y
3
3x
2
y)(y
3
+ 3x
2
y) = 0
if b = y
3
3x
2
y, then (ii) gives a = x
3
3xy
2
.
But a, b > 0 x
2
> 3y
2
and y
2
> 3x
2
> 9y
2
b = y
3
+ 3x
2
y. Then a = x
3
+ 3xy
2
Now, a + b = (x + y)
3
, a b = (x y)
3
Thus,
3
b a y x + = + and
3
b a y x =
.
2
,
2
) , (
3 3 3 3
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ + +
=
b a b a b a b a
y x
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(553)
Let the line through P, parallel to BC meet AB and AC at L and M respectively. Similarly for lines parallel to AB and
AC. Note that triangle PLQ, PNM and PRO are similar to the triangle ABC. Let S be the area of the triangle ABC.
Then,
2
2
2
2
2
2
9
,
4
,
1
BC
OR
S
BC
PM
S
BC
LP
S
= = =
BC
S
OR BC
S
PM BC
S
LP = = =
9
,
4
,
1
A
B C
Q N
L
M
O R
P 1
Also, BC = BO + OR + RC = LP + OR + PM

S
BC
S
BC
S
BC
S
BC
BC
6 3 2
= + + =

2
cm 36 6 = = S S
The idea behind the problem is rotation through a suitable angle. Rotate the square about A in the anticlockwise
direction by 90. Then B goes to B(= D), C goes to C, P goes to P. We have PA PA, as the rotation is through
90 anticlockwise.
PA = PA 2 6 =
APP = 45
PB = PB = 13
The triangle PAP,
2 2
A P PA PP ' + = '
P'
6 2
D B , '
A =A ( ) '
B
C
C'
D'
5
13
P
12 ) 2 6 ( 2 2 = = = PA
Again in triangle PPD
PP
2
+ PD
2
= 12
2
+ 5
2
= 13
2
= P B
2
PPD = 90
APD = APP + PPD
= 45 + 90
= 135
Given,
3 2 + =
b
a
Consider,
Using napiers analogy : 1
2
cot
2
tan =
+

= |
.
|

\
| C
b a
b a B A
A B = 90
But A + B = 120
A = 105, B = 15
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(554)
e
i A
, e
iB
, e
i C
are in A.P.
e
i A
+ e
i C
= 2e
i B
(cosA + isinA) + (cosC + isinC) = 2(cosB + isinB)
(cosA + cosC) + i(sinA + sinC) = 2(cosB + isinB)
cosA + cosC = 2cosB and sinA + sinC = 2sinB
B
C A C A
cos 2
2
cos
2
cos 2 =
+
and B
C A C A
sin 2
2
cos
2
sin 2 =
+
B
C A B
cos 2
2
cos
2 2
cos 2 =

|
.
|

\
|

t
and B
C A B
sin 2
2
cos
2
cos 2 =

B
C A B
cos
2
cos
2
sin =

...(1)
B
C A B
sin
2
cos
2
cos and =

...(2)
From (2)
2
cos
2
sin 2
2
cos
2
cos
B B C A B
=

2
sin 2
2
cos
B C A
=

## putting this value in (1)

B
B B
cos
2
sin 2
2
sin = |
.
|

\
|

1
2
sin 4
2
sin 2 1
2
sin 2
2 2 2
= =
B B B
= = = = 60 30
2 2
1
2
sin
4
1
2
sin
2
B
B B B
From (2),
1
2
1
2
2
cos = |
.
|

\
|
=
C A
0
2
=
C A
A C = 0 A = C = 60 ( B = 60)
Thus the triangle is equilateral
Suppose P is the centre of the circle. The point P lies on the bisector of ABC, i.e., on the diagonal BD of the
square.
PBC = 45, PN = PD = R = radius of the circle
From triangle PNB
2
2
1
45 sin R PB
PB
R
PB
PN
= = =
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(555)
BD = diagonal of the square 2 a =
Also, ) 1 2 ( 2 + = + = + = R R R PD BP BD
A
B C
N
D
P

1 2
) 1 2 ( 2
1 2
2
) 1 2 ( 2

=
+
= + =
a a
R R a
) 2 2 ( ) 1 2 ( 2 = = a a R
Let x
1
x
2
x
3
x
4
x
5
As x
5
< x
1
+ x
2
+ x
3
+ x
4
+ x
5
5x
5
We have,
x
5
< x
1
x
2
x
3
x
4
x
5
5x
5
1 < x
1
x
2
x
3
x
4
5
A possible value of (x
1
, x
2
, x
3
, x
4
) is (1, 1, 1, 5,) max {x
5
} = 5.
Let us suppose that
f(x) = (x a
1
) (x a
2
)...(x a
n
) 1
can written as a product of two polynomials with integral coefficient.
Let f(x) = g(x)h(x)
g(x), h(x) being polynomials with integral coefficients having degree less than n.
Construct F(x) = g(x) + h(x), a polynomial with integral coefficient having degree less than n.
As g(a
i
) h(a
i
) = f(a
i
) = 1
and both g(a
i
) and h(a
i
) are integer
|g(a
i
)| = |h(a
i
)| = 1
Also, g(a
i
) + h(a
i
) = 0
As, F(a
i
) = 0
F(x) has at least n roots. But deg F < n,
So, F(x) = 0
Then g(x) = h(x)
And so f(x) = {g(x)}
2
Implying that the leading coefficient of f(x) is 1, impossible The leading coefficient of f(x) is 1. Thus we have
Hence f(x) can't be written as a product of two non-constant polynomials with integral coefficients.
Let

=
|
|
.
|

\
|
= + =
2000
0
2000
2000
) 1 ( ) (
r
r
x
r
x x f
Set , 1 and
2
in turn and form
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
= e e + e e +
2000
2000
....
5
2000
2
2000
3 ) ( ) ( ) 1 (
2
f f f
2
2000
+ (1 + )
2000
+
2
(1 +
2
)
2000
= 3S
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(556)
When S is the desired sum. Using property of cube roots of unity, 1 + +
2
= 0 and simplifying, we have
) 1 2 (
3
1 2000
= S
k
k
k ak k ak k ak
a
a
a a a
log
log
2 log 2 log
4
1
log
1
1
2
1 1
+
+ + +
= = >
|
.
|

\
|

Now the given expression
|
.
|

\
|
+ + +
16
1
2
3
1
2
log
log
....
log
log
log
log
2
a
a
a
a
a
a
2 16 = 32
Equality holds if and only if
2
1
2 1
= = =
b
a
a a
The relation bears a striking similarily to Cauchy-Schwartz inequality.
Recall Lagranges identity
(a
2
+ b
2
+ c
2
)(x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
) = (ax + by + cz)
2
+ (ay bx)
2
+ (az cx)
2
+ (bz cy)
2
then (a
2
+ b
2
+ c
2
)(x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
) (ax + by + cz)
2
with equality holding iff
ay bx = az cx = bz cy = 0

z
c
y
b
x
a
= = (i)
For our problem
3 3 2 2 1 1 3 2 1 3 2 1
) )( ( b a b a b a b b b a a a + + = + + + +
(A
1
2
+ A
2
2
+ A
3
2
)(B
1
2
+ B
2
2
+ B
3
2
) = A
1
B
1
+ A
2
B
2
+ A
3
B
3
{where A
1
2
= a
1
, B
1
2
= b
1
, A
2
2
= a
2
, B
2
2
= b
2
, A
3
2
= a
3
, B
3
2
= b
3
}
(A
1
2
+ A
2
2
+ A
3
2
)(B
1
2
+ B
2
2
+ B
3
2
) = (A
1
B
1
+ A
2
B
2
+ A
3
B
3
)
2
(ii)
For (ii) to hold, using (i)
2
3
2
3
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
3
3
2
2
1
1
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
= = = =

3
3
2
2
1
1
b
a
b
a
b
a
= =
Thus the triangles A
1
A
2
A
3
and B
1
B
2
B
3
are similar.
Hence option (1).
3 ) (
5 ) (
) 1 (

= +
x f
x f
x f
...(i)

1 ) 1 (
5 ) 1 ( 3
) (
+
+
=
x f
x f
x f
Changing x to x 1
1 ) (
5 ) ( 3
) 1 (

=
x f
x f
x f
(ii)
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From (i)
3 ) (
5 ) (
) 1 (

= +
x f
x f
x f

3
3 ) (
5 ) (
5
3 ) (
5 ) (
3 ) 1 (
5 ) 1 (
) 2 (

=
+
+
= +
x f
x f
x f
x f
x f
x f
x f
2 ) (
5 ) ( 2

=
x f
x f
(iii)
From (ii)
1
1 ) (
5 ) (
5
1 ) (
5 ) ( 3
3
1 ) 1 (
5 ) 1 ( 3
) 2 (

=

=
x f
x f
x f
x f
x f
x f
x f
2 ) (
5 ) ( 2

=
x f
x f
...(iv)
From (iii) and (iv)
f(x + 2) = f(x 2) f(x + 4) = f(x) (Changing x to x + 2)
f(x) is periodic with period 4.
So if x
1
x
2
= 0 (mod 4), then
f(x
1
) = f(x
2
) Choice (3) is false.
(Here we shall introduce you to a powerful idea that of rotation)
Take the equilateral triangle ABC.
Rotate the triangle about B, through 60 clockwise. Then
A A, B B(= B), C C = A, P P and PA = PA,
A
P
C
P'
A'
B B (= ')
60
60
PB = PB = PB, PC = PC = PA
As PB goes to PB, we have PBP = 60 and PB = PB
PPB = 60 (PBP becomes an equilateral triangle)
In triangle APP, PA = 1 cm
A P PC C P PB PP ' = = = ' ' = = ' 3 , 2
Note that
2 2 2 2 2 2
) ( ) 3 ( 3 ) 2 ( 1 A P PP PA ' = = = + = ' +
Hence APP = 90 APB = 90 + 60 = 150
From APB, using cosine formula
AB
2
= PA
2
+ PB
2
2PA.PB cos(150)
= 6 3
2
3
) 2 )( 1 ( 2 ) 2 ( 1
2 2
+ =
|
|
.
|

\
|

+

cm. 6 3 + = AB
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| 2 3 | i z + + represents the distance between z and the point A represented by . 2 3 i
Observer that i 2 3 lies on the curve
6 2 2 | 3 2 | = + + i z
| 3 2 2 3 | i i + +
3 2i
2 3i
| + 2 + 3| = 2 2 6 z i
| ) 3 2 ( ) 3 2 ( | i =
6 2 2 2 ) 3 2 ( | 1 | ) 3 2 ( = = = i
Hence largest magnitude of | 2 3 | i z + +
= Diameter of the circle
= ). 3 2 4 ( 2 6 2 2 4 ) 6 2 2 ( 2 = =
The points in the complex plane P(3) and Q(3) both lie on
the circle . 2 3 | 3 | = i z
For we have |3 3i| = 3|1 i| = 2 3 and . 2 3 | 3 3 | = i
R
P
Q
O
Thus P and Q are points on the circle, also PQ = 6, as
2 2 2 2 2
36 18 18 ) 2 3 ( ) 2 3 ( PQ OQ OP = = + = + = +

2
t
= ZPOQ

4 2
1 t
= Z = Z POQ PRQ
.
4 3
3
arg
t
=
+

z
z
1 and | | | | = =
i i i i
z z z z
Modulus of each complex number being unity. We have,
2
3 2 1
1
3 2 1
3
3 2 1
4 3 3 2 2 1
| |
z
z z z
z
z z z
z
z z z
z z z z z z + + = + +
3 2 1
3 2 1
1 1 1
| |
z z z
z z z + + =
3
3 3
2
2 2
1
1 1
3 2 1
| | | | | |
z
z z
z
z z
z
z z
z z z + + =
| | | | | | | |
3 2 1 3 2 1
z z z z z z + + =
| | ) 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 (
3 2 1
z z z + + =
= |z
1
+ z
2
+ z
3
|
Hence the largest number such that
|z
1
z
2
+ z
2
z
3
+ z
3
z
1
| |z
1
+ z
2
+ z
3
| is = 1.
(Recall a b is true when either a is greater than b or a is equal to b).
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Let k
BN
AN
=
Then coordinate of N are
|
.
|

\
|
+
o
+
o
1
,
1 k
k
k
MN AP
Slope of
AB
MN
of Slope
1
=
Y
X
O
M
N
B(0, ) o
A( , 0) o
x y + = o
1
) 1 (
1
=

=
Equation of MN is
|
.
|

\
|
+
o
=
+
o

1
) 1 (
1 k
x
k
k
y
k
k
y x
+
o
=
1
) 1 (
Thus the coordinates of M are |
.
|

\
|
+

o
1
1
, 0
k
k
area of ) of area (
8
3
OAB AMN =
) ( ) (
2
1
8
3
) )( (
2
1
o o = MN AN

16
3
) 1 (
16
3
1
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
=
+
o =
+
o
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
o
k
k
k k
k

3
1
, 3 = k
But, if ,
3
1
= k then M lies out the segment OB and thus the sought for value is k = 3.
. 3 =
BN
AN
Let f(x, y) = e
2y
+ 2 c xe
y
+ c
2
(i)
cx e
c
cxe e
ce
y f
x f
dx
dy
y y y
y
+
=
+
=
c c
c c
=
2 2
2
/
/
2
(ii)
Rewriting (i) as
(e
y
+ cx)
2
+ c
2
c
2
x
2
= 0
(e
y
+ cx)
2
= c
2
(x
2
1) (iii)
From (ii) and (iii), on eliminating c
1
1
) (
2 2
2
2

=
+
= |
.
|

\
|
x cx e
c
dx
dy
y
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1 ) 1 (
2
2
= |
.
|

\
|

dx
dy
x

0 1 ) 1 (
2
2
= + |
.
|

\
|

dx
dy
x
which is the required differential equation.
Order is 3 and degree 9.
D bisects the arc BC
ODC =
Then z
3
= z
4
e
i
, z
2
= z
4
e
i
z
2
z
3
= z
4
2
.
Area of ABCD
= OAB + BOC
+ ODA + OCD
=
4
3 2 3 +
90
120
30
O
A
D
B i
C
e
e
2
1
x = ,
2
1
1 1
=
e
+ e = +
r
r
r
r
x
x or 2 according as r is
not divisible by 3 or divisible by 3
The sum = 17 (1)
2
+ 8.2
2
= 49.
2 2 2 2 2 2
1
b a
b
i
b a
a
b a
ib a
ib a
+

+
=
+

=
+
For the above to be integer the possible choice of (a, b) are (0, 1), (1, 0), (0, 1), (1, 0).
The expression is |z| + |z 1| + |z i| + |z (3 + 4i )|
= |z| + |z (3 + 4i)| + |z 1| + |z i |
The least distance = 2 5 +
The expression
= |z i | + |z (3 + 4i )| |z | |z i||
= |z i | |z 1| + |z (3 + 4i )| |z|
The greatest value = 5 2 1+
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Using the operation modulo n + 10, we have
n + 10 0 mod (n + 10) n 10 (mod (n + 10))
n
3
(10)
3
(mod (n + 10))
n
3

+ 100 900 (mod (n + 10))
For n + 10 to divide n
3
+ 100, n + 10 should divide 900. The largest n such that n + 10 divides 900 and
consequently n
3
+ 100 is 890.
Whenever you see the system is incomplete, i.e. the number of unknowns exceed the number of equations it
should suggest you to look for the possibility of an inequality turning into an equality. As positive numbers are
involved, the stage is all set for an application of AM-GM theorem.
{ }
6 / 1
) cd )( bd )( bc )( ad )( ac )( ab (
6
cd bd bc ad ac ab
>
+ + + + +
ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd abcd . 6
The equation abcd = 27 + ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd, can now be written as
abcd abcd 6 27 + >
0 27 6 ) (
2
> abcd abcd
0 ) 3 )( 9 ( > + abcd abcd

0 9 > abcd

9 > abcd
....(A)
But
4 / 1 4 / 1
) (
4
12
) (
4
abcd abcd
d c b a
> >
+ + +
3 (abcd)
1/4
9 (abcd)
1/2
or
9 s abcd
....(B)
From (A) and (B);
9 = abcd
Equalilty holding only when a = b = c = d = 3.
(3, 3, 3, 3) is only the solution.
Distinct n digit numbers which can be formed using the digit 2, 5 and 7 are 3
n
3
n

>
900 3
n2

>
100 n 2
>
5 n
>
7
Write 1234 in base 7
1234 = 3 343 + 4 49 + 7 + 2
= 3 7
3
+ 4 7
2
+ 1.7
1
+ 2.7
0
= (3412)
7
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Highest power of 7 in (1234)! is
204 3 25 176
343
1234
49
1234
7
1234
= + + =
(

+
(

+
(

Now,
6
1234 of tion representa 7 base the in appearing digits the of sum 1234
204
6
1224
6
10 1234
6
) 2 1 4 3 ( 1234
= =

=
+ + +
=
In general, we have the highest exponent of prime p in n!
1
tion representa base in of digits of sum
p
p n n
=
We have,
1 3
1
1 2 > < |
.
|

\
|
+ < n
n
n
Use the elementary notion of summation.
( ) ( ) ( )
n
n n n
n
n n n
n
r
n
k r
k
r
k
k
n
C C C C C C C C C C C C C + + + + + + + + + =

=
s
=
...... .......
1 0 2
2
1
2
0
2
2 1
1
0
1
1
0 1
=
n
C
1
2 +
n
C
2
2
2
+
n
C
2
2
3
+....+
n
C
2
2
n
= (1 + 2)
n
1 = 3
n
1.
The probability that he will speak the truth
5
3
)) ( ( = T P
5
2
) ( = T P
13
3
5
2
6
5
5
3
6
1
5
3
6
1
) ( ) 6 ( ) ( ) 6 (
) ( ) 6 (
) ( =
+

=
+

=
T P P T P P
T P P
E P
n(E) = {Sunday} = 1
n(S) = 7
7
1
) ( = E P
Either all three are divisible by 4 or only two are divisible by 4 or one is divisible by 4 or all three are even of
only two are even then the product is divisible by 4
n(E) =
6
C
3
+
6
C
2

19
C
1
+
6
C
1

19
C
2
+
12
C
3
+
12
C
2

13
C
1
n(S) =
25
C
3
1150
963
) ( = E P
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Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(563)
0
0 sin cos
0 sin cos
0 sin cos
0 sin cos
0 sin cos
0 sin cos
1 ) cos( ) cos(
) cos( 1 ) cos(
) cos( ) cos( 1
=

| |
o o

| |
o o
=
| o
| | o
o o |
For non-trivial solutions
0
1 1 1
) 2 ( ) 1 (
) 2 ( ) 1 (
3 3 3
= + +
+ +
a a a
a a a
0
0 0 1
1 1
) 2 )( 1 ( ) 1 ( ) 2 ( ) 1 ( ) 1 (
2 2 2 2 3
=
+ + + + + + + + + +
a
a a a a a a a a a
(a + 2)
2
+ (a + 1)
2
+ (a + 1)(a + 2) (a + 1)
2
a
2
(a + 1)a = 0
4a + 4 2(a + 1) = 0 a = 1
(A
2
+ B
2
) (A B) = A
3
A
2
B + B
2
A B
3
= 0
As A B, we have (A
2
+ B
2
) non invertible and thus det (A
2
+ B
2
) = 0
Let the line be L = 0 and slope be m.
m
1
(slope of x + 3y 2 = 0) =
3
1
m
2
(slope of x 7y + 5 = 0) =
7
1
L

=

0

x
y

+

3

2

=

0
x y 7 + 5 = 0
P
1
10
,
7
10
1
1 1
2 1
2 1
1
1
=
+

=
+

m
m m
m m
mm
m m
The equation of line L = 0 will be 5x + 5y 3 = 0.
a(2x + y + 4) + b(x 2y 3) = 0 passing through the fixed point P(1, 2)
PM = 10 1 3
2 2
= +
number of such lines =1
2
) 1 ( 4 + = k k
y
(0, 1)
H
(2, ) k
(2, 0)
x
2
5
) 1 ( 4
2 2
= + = k k k
Orthocentre
|
.
|

\
|
1 ,
4
5
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2
1
6
2
= BC
60
A(2, 1)
D
C
Area
6
3
6
4
4
3
= =
Use the fact that the equation to bisector is
b
xy
b a
y x
=

2 2
OB = OA
OD = DB = BD
OD = 5
D
2 + = 5 x y
A
B
O(0, 0)
OA = OB = 10
Area = 5 ) 10 (
2
1
2
=
AB = BC = CA = x
1
2
= 1 d
Let D
1
BC =
D
2
CB =
ACD
2
= 120
d
A
D
2
D
1
B
C
1
ABD
1
= 60
) 60 sin( ) 120 sin(
1
), 60 sin( + u = u =

u =
x
d
x
d
u = + u + u = sin ) 60 sin( ) 60 sin(
1
x
3
1
2 cos
3
2 1
2
+
= u =
d d
x
x
d
Let point R be (h, k) and the centroid be (x, y) then
3x 6 = h, 3y + 6 = k
9(3x 6) + 7(3y + 6) + 4 = 0
9x + 7y
0
3
8
=
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Equation of line parallel to 3x 4y + 8 = 0 and passing through (2, 5) is 3x 4y + 14 = 0
Point of intersection of 3x + y + 4 = 0 and 3x 4y + 14 = 0 is (2, 2)
Distance = 5
Let vertex A be (h, k) and centroid be (x, y), then
9 0 ) 3 ( 1
3
0
3
0
2 2 2 2 2
= = = + = |
.
|

\
|
+

|
.
|

\
|

k h h k
h
k
h
k
and 3x = h, 3y = k
x
2
+ y
2
= 1
The mirror image of f(x, y) = 0 with respect to the x-axis is
f(x, y) = 0
Let the centroid of ABC be (h, k) and B(x
1
, y
1
), C(x
2
, y
2
). We know that the centroid divides the line joining
orthocentre and circumcentre in the ratio 2 : 1, then
3
11
2
, 1
2
2 1 2 1

=
+
=
+ y y x x
Let the slope of AB be m
m
m
m
m
+

=
+

1
1
7 1
7
O
m
1

=

7
m
2
= 1
A
B
m
m =
2
1

r
1
= 1, r
2
= 4
5
3
2
cos ,
5
4
2
sin =
u
=
u
4
1
u
25
24
sin = u
Let mid point be (h, k)
D (h, k)
2 2
2
1
b a BC AC + = =
) (
2 2
1
2
2 2
b a
AC
CD + = =
B
A
D
|
.
|

\
|
2
,
2
b a
C
) (
8
1
2 2
2 2
2 2
b a
b
k
a
h + = |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|

0 ) (
8
1
2 2 2 2
= + + + b a bk ah k h
The locus will be x
2
+ y
2
ax by +
8
1
(a
2
+ b
2
) = 0
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AB = BC = CD = AD = 4
and BD = 4

3 4 = AC
A
C
(2, 0)
D
(2, 0)
B
Area = 3 8 2 3 2 2 = sq. units.
Normal at (3, 3) is y = x
Passing through (2, 2)
2
1
2
2
=
Centre
|
.
|

\
|
2
5
,
2
5
Circle is x
2
+ y
2
5x 5y + 12 = 0
AB = 4
AC = 5
5
3
A
B C
(0, 0) ( , ) o |
D
5
9
+ = o ,
5
12
= |
or
5
9
= o ,
5
12
= |
(x 2)
2
+ (y 2)
2
= 4
The circle touches both the axis and the given circle at ) 2 2 , 2 2 ( radius of the circle will be 2 4 6 .
The locus of the centres of the circle which cuts two given circles orthogonally is the radical axis.
9x 10y + 11 = 0
Let the radius be r then
2r
2
= (5 2)
2
+ (6 3)
2
= 18
r = 3
Co-ordinates of point P will be (0, 1)
Co-ordinates of point Q will be (1, 0)
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Let r
1
be the maximum and r
2
r
1
< 1 and
2
1
2
> r
1 2 1
2
1
< < d

4
2 2
0

< < d
R
A
P
Q
x y b + =
2 2 2
x y c + =
2 2 2
x y a + =
2 2 2
c
2
= ab
x
2
+ y
2
= ab
|
.
|

\
|
a
a
1
, lie on (x + d) + (y )
2
= 16

16
1
) (
2
2
= |
.
|

\
|
| + o
a
a
0 16
2
2
1
2
2
= | o +
a
a
a
a
0 1 2 16 2
2 2 3 4
= + | o a a a a
a
1
a
2
a
3
a
4
= 1

2
+
2
= a
2
......(1)
Slope of
o
|
= PQ
Q
O P
(2 , 0) o
(0, 2 ) |
A
(0, 0)
( , ) h k
Slope of
h
k
OA =
|
o
=
......(2)
and
1
2 2
=
|
+
o
k h
......(3)
From (1), (2) and (3)
2
2 2
2 2 2
4
1 1
) ( a
k h
k h = |
.
|

\
|
+ +
The equation of circle passing through (1, t), (t, 1) is
(x 1) (x t) + (y 1) (y t) + [(y 1) + (x t)] = 0
It is passing through (t, t) = 0 and must passes through (1, 1).
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(568)
x
2
4x + y
2
+ 3 = 0
If the maximum and the minimum distances from the origin are
M and m , then
M = 3 M = 9
m
= 1 m = 1
|M m| = 8
The radius of C will be maximum if S lies inside C.
The maximum radius = 1 2 2 3 + +
1
r
C
S
t/6
= 1 2 6 + +
Given that PA = PB = AB APB = 60.
2
1
=
CB
CP
R = 2r.
P
B
A
C
r
R
x
2
2 = 2cost x
2
= 2 (1 cost)
2
sin 4
2
t
=
2
cos 4
2
t
y =
x
2
+ y = 1 which is parabola.
Slope = 1
4
tan =
t
= m
The equation of the normal will be
y = x 2 1 = x 3
The length of the normal chord will be 2 8 .
4
4 2
2
2 2
2 2
+ + = =
t
t t
t
t t
But 8 4
4
2
2
2
2
> > + t
t
t
The parabolas have the same focus then their common chord must be equally inclined to the axis.
Q
P
Slope = 1
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(569)
The circle is x
2
+ (y 1)
2
= 1
x
2
+ (ax
2
1)
2
= 1 t + a
2
t
2
+ 1 2at = 1 (t = x
2
)
a
2
t + 1 2a = 0
2
1
0
1 2
2
> >

= a
a
a
t
Let (h, k) be the point of contact the
k
2
= 4a(h
1
) and h
2
= 4a(k
2
)
and ) ( 4
4
1
2
2
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
h a
a
h
eliminating
1
and
2
we get
hk = 4a
2
The tangents and the normals at the ends of a focal chord are always perpendicular. Hence y
1
= y
2
Let ends of focal chord are ) 2 . ( ) 2 , (
2
2
2 1
2
1
at at and at at
x
1
= at
1
t
2
y
1
= a(t
1
+ t
2
)
x
2
= 2a + a(t
1
2
+ t
2
2
+ t
1
t
2
)
y
2
= a t
1
t
2
(t
1
+ t
2
)
But for focal chord t
1
t
2
= 1
y
1
= y
2
The line will be a focal chord which is passing through the focus.
y
2
= x and y = mx + c are orthogonal
c = 2am am
3
m = 4
Let t
1
y = x + at
1
2
and t
2
y = x + at
2
2
be two tangents then t
1
= 2t
2
and their point of intersection is (at
1
t
2
, a(t
1
+ t
2
)
locus will be
2y
2
= 9ax
x = t
2
2t + 2 y = t
2
+ 2t + 2
|
.
|

\
|
= =
4
4 ) (
x y
t t x y
2
4
2
4
2
+ |
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
x y x y
x
which of a parabola.
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(570)
1 and 1
2 2
2
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
=
+
+ = +
+ b a
y
a
x
b
y
b a
x
have four common tangents
their slopes will be either
a
b
b
a
or if slope is
b
a
then equation will be
2 2 2 4
b b a a ax by + + =
4 ) 6 ( and ) 4 ( , 1
9 16
2 2 2
2 2
= + = = + y x x y
y x
have a common tangent which is parallel to y-axis and
touches the curve y
2
= (x 4) at the vertex, the equation will be x = 4.
a
2
+ b
2
= 400
h
2
+ (k b)
2
= 64
(h a)
2
+ k
2
= 144
(0, ) b
P h k ( , )
( , 0) a
Yhe locus will be an ellipse with eccentricity
3
5
.
b
2
= 12, a
2
= 4
e
2
= 4 e = 2
1
cos 5
5
2
2 2
=
o

y x
1 cos
2
1
+ o = e
1
25
cos 25
2
2
2
= +
o
y x
e
2
= sin
4
3
2 1
t
= o = e e
xdy + ydx = 0 xy = c
passing through (2, 8) xy = 16
The length of latus rectum will be 2 8
) 1 ( where
) 0 , ( and ) 0 , ( foci 1
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
=
=
e a b
ae ae
b
y
a
x
) 1 ) (( where
) , (0 and ) , 0 ( foci 1
2 2 2
2
2
2
2
' =
' ' =
e b a
be be
b
y
a
x
Area will be = ) ( 2 ) (
2
1
4
2 2 2 2
b a b a + =
(

+
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(571)
5 | | , 2 | | = = b a
and
0 = b a
Angle between a and b is
2
t
.

b a a a b a b a a ) ( ) ( ) ( =
b 4 =

) ( 4 ) ( b a b a a a =

) ( 16 ))) ( ( ( b b a a a a =
The normal vector to plane = k j i k j i k j i

3 )

2

( )

2

( + + = + +
The plane will be 0 )

( = k j i r
k j i b k j i a

2

,

+ = + + =
2 , = = c a b c a
Let k z j y i x c

+ + = , then
k j i k z j y xi k j i

2

)

( )

( + = + + + +
z y = 1, x z = 2, y x = 1
and x + y + z = 2
)

(
3
1
k j i c + + =
II
nd
method
b c a =

b a c a a = ) (

b a c a a a c a = ) . ( ) . (
b a c a = 3 2
)

(
3
1
k j i c + + =
Volume (V) =
1 0
1 0
1 1
a
a
a
V = 1 + a
3
a
For minimum volume,
3
1
= a
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(572)
b a b a a b b a b a b a ] ) [( ] ) [( ) ( ) ( + + = +
b b a a b a ] 1 [ ] 1 [ + + =
The distance of point (a, b, c) from x-axis is
2 2
c b + .
The coefficient of x in a plane parallel to x-axis will be zero.
0
4
2
3
1
2
=

=
z y x
The line lies in a plane parallel to xy-plane.
If the lines
k
z y x

=
4
1
3
1
2
and
1
5
2
4 1
=

=
z y
k
x
are coplanar then
0
1 2
1 1
1 1 1
=

k
k k = 0 or 3.
cos2 + cos2 + cos2 = 2(cos
2
+ cos
2
+ cos
2
) 3 = 1
Let the point be (, , ), then
2( 1) 3 + 8 = 0 and
16
20
6
2
4
2 1 +
=

+ |
=
+ o
The planes x cy bz = 0, cx y + az = 0, bx + ay z = 0 are passing through a line.
(x cy bz) + (cx y + az) = 0 and bx + ay z = 0 are identical.
1 2
1
1
2 2 2
= + + +

+
=

=
+
abc c b a
a b
a
c
b
c
The maximum and minimum values of x b a x + exist at
2
b a +
and a respectively.
Using the graph of
] [ 1 x
e
x
+

## , then Range = R {0}.

y = 2[x] + 3 = 3[x]6 [x] = 9 9 x < 10 and y = 21
30 x + y < 31 [x + y] = 30.
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(573)
f(x) is well defined only when x 0 and 2 . 0 > x
x 0 and x 4
D
f
= [0, 4].
We have,
) ( 3
1
1
ln
3 3 1
3 3 1
ln
) ( 1
) ( 1
ln )) ( (
3
3 2
3 2
x f
x
x
x x x
x x x
x
x
x f = |
.
|

\
|

+
=
+
+ + +
=
|
| +
= |
0 ) 1 )( 3 ( ; 3
2
1
2
0 3 2 ; 2
2
1
2
> + < s
> =
(

x x x
x x x
1 3
+ve ve +ve
2
7
2
5
< s x and < x < 1 or 3 < x < .
D
f
= (3, )
f(x) = (x
2
4) ([x] x) = (x [x])(x
2
4)
f(x) > 0 x
2
4 < 0
|x| < 2
1 x > 0, 1 x 1, x + 2 0
D
f
= [2, 1) {0}.
sin
1
(log
2
| x|) 0
After using transformation formula, (x) reduces to
4
5
for all x.
Hence , 1
4
5
) ( ( = |
.
|

\
|
+ = | + x x R. Hence it represents a straight line.
Required number of onto functions from A to B
= Total number of functions from A to B number of functions having range as pair sets
number of functions having range as singleton.
= 3
n
32
n
3.
Substitute x + 1, x + 2 in place of x and then find f(x + T) = f(x).
Clearly there are two points of discontinuity as shown in the graph at x = 0 and at x = 1
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(574)
Using the concept of limit, we get the required answer.
a x
a x a
x

|
.
|

\
|
1
sin
sin
lim = } form 1 { lim
1
sin
sin 1

|
.
|

\
|

a
x
a x
a x
e
= e
cota
The given expression
2
) 4 ( ) 2 ( 3 ) ( 2
x
x f x f x f +
is in
|
.
|

\
|
0
0
form. Use L' Hospital rule.
e e x f
x x
x
x
x
= = + =
+

) 1 1 )( (cot
0
cot
0
lim ) 1 ( lim ) 0 (
Since f(x) is differentiable function at x = c
f(x) must be continuous at x = c

) ( ) ( lim c f x f
c x
=

x x x
x x
x x
dt t
x
x
x cos sin
2 cos
lim
sin
cos
lim
4
0
0
2
0
2
+

=

}
1
cos
sin
cos 2
lim
4
0
=
+
=

x
x
x
x
x
Take logarithm of both sides and then differentiate.
0 ,
cos cot
lim
cos cot
2
>

a
x x
a a
x x
x
. ln
cos cot
lim
ln cos ln cot
2
a
x x
e e
a x a x
x
=

=
t

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
5
8
5
8
f g g f
1 2 1 | 2 | 1
5
8
5
8
= = =
(

=
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(575)
e x x x f
x
e e e
x
3 3 log ) (log log ) (log log ) (
2 2
= =

x
x
x e
x x
x f
e
e e
x
e
1
) (log 3
1
) log 2 ( log log
2
log 2
1
) (
2
3 + = '

) 2 log 1 (
3
1
) (
e
e
e f = '
m
1
= ab a
2
m
2
=
b
a b
tan =
1 2
1 2
1
m m
m m

+
=
2
2
1
1 (1 )
b
a
a b
b
a
a b

| |
+
|

\ .
=
2
2
( )(1 )
( )
a b a b
a b b a b

+
=
2
( )(1 )
(1 )
a b a b
a ab

2
t
We have,
f(x) = 2007g(x)
f (x) = 2007 g(x)
p
x g
x f
= =
'
'
2007
) (
) (
0 0
) (
) (
2007
) (
) (
= =
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
'
q
x g
x f
x g
x f
0
) (
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
=
'
' '

x g
x g x f x g x f
p
x g
x f
x g
x f
=
'
'
=
) (
) (
) (
) (
1
0 2007
0 2007
, Now =

+
=

+
q p
q p
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(575)
e x x x f
x
e e e
x
3 3 log ) (log log ) (log log ) (
2 2
= =

x
x
x e
x x
x f
e
e e
x
e
1
) (log 3
1
) log 2 ( log log
2
log 2
1
) (
2
3 + = '

) 2 log 1 (
3
1
) (
e
e
e f = '
m
1
= ab a
2
m
2
=
b
a b
tan =
1 2
1 2
1
m m
m m

+
=
2
2
1
1 (1 )
b
a
a b
b
a
a b

| |
+
|

\ .
=
2
2
( )(1 )
( )
a b a b
a b b a b

+
=
2
( )(1 )
(1 )
a b a b
a ab

2
t
We have,
f(x) = 2007g(x)
f (x) = 2007 g(x)
p
x g
x f
= =
'
'
2007
) (
) (
0 0
) (
) (
2007
) (
) (
= =
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
'
q
x g
x f
x g
x f
0
) (
) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
=
'
' '

x g
x g x f x g x f
p
x g
x f
x g
x f
=
'
'
=
) (
) (
) (
) (
1
0 2007
0 2007
, Now =

+
=

+
q p
q p
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(576)
We have,
2008
2007
2007
terms 2007
2007
1
2008
1
.......
1 1 1
x
x
x x x x
x
>
+ + + +

2008
2007
2007
> +
x
x
2008
2007
min
2007
= |
.
|

\
|
+
x
x
f(x) = sin
p
x cos
q
x, p > 0, q > 0,
2
0
t
< < x
f (x) = psin
p1
x cos
q + 1
x qsin
p + 1
xcos
q1
x
= (sinx)
p1
(cosx)
q 1
(pcos
2
x qsin
2
x)
f(x) = 0 sinx = 0, cosx = 0,
q
p
x = tan
Clearly
q
p
x
1
tan

## = is a point of maxima of the given function.

Clearly the institute should be opened at town X.
dt
t
t t
dt
t
t
dt
t
t
} } }
+
+ +
=
+
=
+ 1
) 1 ( ) 1 (
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
4
2 2
4
2
4
2
dt
t
t
dt
t
t
} }
+
+
+
+
=
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
4
2
4
2
( ) ( )
dt
t
dt
t
t
t
t
t
} }
+
+
+
+
=
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
2 2
u
u + u + u
}
u
u
d
cos cos cos cos
sin
2 3
2
2
3
u
u + u + u
=
}
u u
u
d
cos cos cos cos sin 2
sin 2
2 3
2 2
2
4
u
u + u + u u
u u
=
}
d
cos cos cos ) cos 1 ( 2
sin ) cos 1 (
2 3 2
2
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(577)
Setting cos = t

}
+ +
=
t t t t
dt t
I
2 3 2
2
) 1 ( 2
) ( ) 1 (
dt
t t t t
t t
}
+ + +
+
=
2 3 2
) 1 ( 2
) 1 )( 1 (
dt
t t t t
t
t
}
+ + + +
=
1 ) 1 2 ( 2
) 1 (
1
2
2
dt
t t
t t
t
}
+ + + +
=
1 ) 2 ( 2
) 1 (
1 1
1
2
Put dt
t
y
t
t |
.
|

\
|
= + +
2
2
1
1 1
1
= 2y dy
c y
y
dy
y y
ydy
I + =
+
=
+
=
} }
) ( tan
1 ) 1 ( 2
2
1
2 2
( ) c + + u + u = 1 sec cos tan
1
2008
x + x
2008
= t, we get = loge
2008
For t < <
t t
< < t 2
6
11
and
6
7
x x
0 sin
2
1
< < x
and for
6
11
6
7 x
x < <
t
2
1
sin 1 < < x

dx x I
}
t
t
=
2
] sin 2 [
3
5
) 1 ( ) 2 ( ) 1 (
2
6
11
6
11
6
7
6
7
t
= + + =
} } }
t
t
t
t
t
t
dx dx dx
Function is an odd one.
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(578)
Let
n
n
n
n
n
P
1
!
lim
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

n
n n
n
n
r
n n n
1
3 2 1
lim
)
`

=

then 1 log log
1
lim log
1
0
= = |
.
|

\
|
=
}

dx x
n
r
n
P
n
1
P
e
=
dx
x
x
x
x
|
|
.
|

\
|
+

} 2
1
3
1
3
1
4
4
1
2
cos
1
}

|
|
.
|

\
|
+

=
3
1
3
1
2
1
4
4
1
2
sin
2
1
dx
x
x
x
x
} }

t
=
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
1
4
4
4
4
tan
1
2
1
2
dx x
x
x
dx
x
x
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
+

x
x
x
1
2
1
tan 2
1
2
sin
}

t
=
3
1
3
1
4
4
0
1
2
dx
x
x
( tan
1
x is an odd function)
(
(
(
(
(

+
t
=
(
(
(
(
(

+ t
=
} } }

dx
x
dx dx
x
x
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1
4
3
1
3
1
4
4
1
1
) 1 (
2
1
1 1
2
(
(
(
(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+

+
t
=
}

3
1
3
1
2 2
1
1
1
1
2
1
3
2
2
dx
x x
(
(

t
+

+
+
t
=
6
1 3
1 3
log
2
1
3
2
2
(on solving)
Miscellaneous Questions Success Magnet (Solutions)
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(579)
}
+
+

dx
x
x
x
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
}
+ + |
.
|

\
|
+
|
.
|

\
|

=
2 2
1 1
1
2
2
x
x x x
x
dx x
x
}
|
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+
|
|
.
|

\
|

=
2
1 1
1
1
2
2
x
x x
x
dx
x

dy dx
x
y
x
x
=
|
|
.
|

\
|

= +
2
1
1
1
Put
}

=
2
2
y y
dy

dt
t
dy
t
y
2
1
1
Put

=
=
}

=
2
1 1
1
2
2
t
t
dt
t
}

=

= ) 2 ( sin
2
1
2 1
1
2
t
t
dt
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
=

1
2
sin
2
1 2
sin
2
1
2
1 1
x
x
y
Hence
2 4 1
2
sin
2
1
1
0
2
1
t
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=

x
x
I
dx
e
x
x
x
x
I
x }

+
|
|
.
|

\
|

+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
3
1
3
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
tan
1
2
cos
u u =
u =
d dx
x
2
sec
tan Put

} }
t
t

u
t
t
u
u
+
u t
= u u
+
t
=
6
6
tan
2
6
6
2
tan
1
sec
2
) (sec
1
2
d
e
d
e
Put tan = y; sec
2
d = dy
}

(
(

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
t
=
+
t
=
3
1
3
1
3
1
3
1 1
log
2
1
2
y
y
y
e
e
e
dy
I

3 2
t
=
Success Magnet (Solutions) Miscellaneous Questions
Aakash IIT-JEE

-

Regd. Office : Aakash Tower, Plot No. 4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.: 011-47623456 Fax : 47623472
(580)
x
x
x
y
dx
dy
y =

2
2
1
2
1
1
or
x
x
x
t
dx
dt
=

+
2
1
.
2
dx
dt
dx
dy
y
t y
=
=

2
1
2
1
2
1
Put
2
) 1 ( 2
2
x
t
x
x
dx
dt
=

+
4
1
2
) 1 log(
4
1
) 1 ( 2
) 1 ( I.F.
2
2

= = =
}
x e e
x
x
xdx
Solution is
k dx x x x t + =
}

4
1
2
4
1
2
) 1 (
2
1
) 1 .(
On solving, we get
k x x y + =

4
3
2
4
1
2
) 1 (
3
1
) 1 (
where k is constant of integration.
x x
y dx
dy
y
cos 2 cot .
1 1
2
= +
x x t
dx
dt
cos 2 cot . = +
dx
dt
dx
dy
y
t
y
=
=
2
1
1
Put
or x x t
dx
dt
cos 2 cot = ...(i)
x e
xdx
cosec I.F.
cot
= =
}

Solution is
}
+ = k dx
x
x x t
sin
1
. cos 2 cosec .
or
, sin log 2 cosec
1
k x x
y
+ =
where k is constant of integration.
We have,
0 tan
1
= |
.
|

\
|
+ +

x
y
d ydy xdx
Integrating,
k
x
y y
x
= + +
1
2
2
tan
2 2
where k is constant of integration.