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Since 1983, the NBA and the National Basketball Players Association have jointly maintained and administered a comprehensive Anti-Drug Program for NBA players. The purpose of the Program is to detect and deter the use of illegal and performance-enhancing drugs by players, and to provide treatment and counseling for those who are struggling with substance abuse problems. The Program subjects each player to six random, unannounced drug tests during each season and off-season. It also includes testing based on reasonable cause at any time. Urine testing is conducted for approximately 160 substances by state-of-the-art laboratories certified by the World Anti-Doping Agency, and a standing committee of independent experts appointed by the NBA and the Players Association is empowered to ban additional substances as necessary. Penalties for violations of the Program are substantial; for example, players testing positive for drugs of abuse are banned from the league for a minimum of two years, and players testing positive for performance-enhancing substances are suspended for 20 games (1st violation), 45 games (2nd violation), and a minimum of two years (3rd violation). 1. Prohibited Substances

A list of substances banned under the Anti-Drug Program is attached. Generally, the Program prohibits players from using drugs of abuse (e.g., amphetamines, cocaine), marijuana (including synthetic cannabinoids), steroids and performance-enhancing drugs (SPEDs), and masking agents. Currently, there are approximately 160 substances banned by the NBA Anti-Drug Program. 2. Testing

All players are subject to six random tests during each season and offseason. Players are subject to four random tests during the NBA season and also two random tests each offseason. All tests are scheduled and conducted by an independent, third-party testing company and are without prior notice to the player. The NBA and the Players Association are not involved in the scheduling of any tests or the selection of players for testing. Drug tests are analyzed by laboratories certified by the World Anti-Doping Agency. In addition to a positive laboratory test, players will also be considered to have tested positive if they fail or refuse to submit to a drug test, or if they attempt to substitute, dilute or adulterate a urine sample. In addition to random testing, players are subject to reasonable cause testing at any time. Reasonable cause determinations are made by an

Independent Expert, upon application from the NBA or the Players Association. If the Independent Expert decides that reasonable cause exists to test a player for a Prohibited Substance, the player will be subject to four additional random tests over a six-week period. 3. Discipline

If a player tests positive for a drug of abuse, he will be dismissed and disqualified from the NBA. A player will also be dismissed and disqualified from the NBA if he is convicted of, or pleads guilty to, the use, possession or distribution of a drug of abuse. If a player tests positive for a SPED, he will be suspended for 20 games for his first violation and 45 games for his second violation, and will be dismissed and disqualified from the NBA for his third violation. A player will also be dismissed and disqualified from the NBA if he is convicted of, or pleads guilty to, a crime involving the use, possession or distribution of a SPED. If a player tests positive for marijuana, or if he is convicted of, or pleads guilty to, the use or possession of marijuana, he will be required to submit to treatment, counseling, and aftercare testing in the Program. A second violation will result in a $25,000 fine, and any subsequent violations will result in a suspension that is 5 games longer than the players immediately-preceding marijuana suspension. If the NBA obtains evidence of a players use, possession or distribution of a Prohibited Substance, it can take that evidence to a neutral arbitrator. If the arbitrator finds that the player has used or possessed a Drug of Abuse, or has distributed any Prohibited Substance, he will be dismissed and disqualified from the NBA. If the arbitrator finds that the player has used or possessed Marijuana or a SPED, such a finding is considered a violation under the Program and the player will be subject to the same penalties imposed for a positive drug test. Any player who is dismissed and disqualified from the NBA may apply for reinstatement to the NBA after two years. 4. Treatment

Any player who tests positive or otherwise enters the Program must comply with the in-patient treatment or aftercare ordered by the Programs Medical Director, including, but not limited to, random testing on a frequent basis for prohibited substances and alcohol. A players failure to comply with his inpatient or aftercare treatment will result in substantial fines and suspensions. A player may come forward voluntarily for his use of a prohibited substance and enter the Program. There is no penalty to a player coming forward voluntarily the first time.


The Administration of the Program

The NBA and the Players Association have selected a Medical Director to manage and oversee the Program, select and supervise Program counselors and other personnel, and evaluate and treat the NBA players in the Program. The NBA and the Players Association have created a Prohibited Substances Committee, comprised of one representative from both the NBA and the Players Association, and three independent experts in the field of drug abuse. The Prohibited Substances Committee may decide to add new substances to the list of prohibited substances if they are harmful to players or improperly performance-enhancing. The NBA, NBA teams, and the Players Association are prohibited from publicly disclosing information regarding the testing or treatment of any NBA player in the Program, except as required by the suspension or dismissal of a player in the Program. * * * * * *

For the complete terms of the NBAs Anti-Drug Program, please refer to Article XXXIII of the Collective Bargaining Agreement.



Drugs of Abuse Amphetamine and its analogs (including, but not limited to, Methamphetamine and MDMA) Benzodiazepines: Alprazolam (also called Xanax or Niravam) Chlordiazepoxide (also called Librium, Mitran, Poxi or H-Tran) Clonazepam (also called Klonopin, Ceberclon or Valpaz) Diazepam (also called Valium) Lorazepam (also called Ativan) Cocaine Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB) Ketamine LSD Opiates: Heroin Codeine Morphine Oxycodone (also called Oxycontin, Percocet, Percodan, Roxicet, Tylox, Dazidox, Endocet or Endodan) Hydrocodone (also called Vicodin, Lorcet, Lortab, Hydocan or Norco) Methadone (also called Methadose or Dolophine) Hydromorphone (also called Dilaudid) Fentanyl (also called Actiq or Duragesic) Propoxyphene (also called Darvon or Darvocet) Phencyclidine (PCP)


Marijuana Marijuana and its By-Products Synthetic Cannabinoids: JWH-018 JHW-073 JHW-200 CP-47, 497 Cannabicyclohexanol


Steroids, Performance Enhancing Drugs, and Masking Agents (SPEDs) Methasterone Methenolone (also called metenolone) Methyldienolone 17a-methyl-3b,17b-dihydroxy-5a-androstane 17a-methyl-3a,17b-dihydroxy-5a-androstane 17a-methyl-3b,17b-dihydroxyandrost-4-ene 17a-methyl-1-dihydrotestosterone 17a-methyl-4-hydroxynandrolone Methylephedrine Methylphenidate Methyltestosterone Methyltrienolone (also called metribolone) Mibolerone Modafinil Nandrolone (also called 19-nortestosterone) Nikethamide 19-norandrostenediol (also called boldandiol) 19-norandrostenedione Norbolethone (also called norboletone) Norclostebol Norethandrolone Norfenfluramine Normethandrolone (also called methylnortestosterone or MENT) Norpseudoephedrine (also called cathine) Oxabolone (also called 4-hydroxy-19-nortestosterone) Oxandrolone Oxymesterone Oxymetholone Pemoline Pentetrazol

Adrafinil Aminoglutethimide Amiphenazole Anastrozole Androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,17-dione (also called androstatrienedione or ATD) Androstanediol Androstanedione Androstenediol Androstenedione Androstene-3,6,17-trione (also called 6-OXO or 4-AT) Bolasterone Boldenone Boldione Bromantan Calusterone Clenbuterol Clobenzorex Clomiphene Clostebol Cyclofenil Danazol Dehydrochloromethyltestosterone Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) Desoxymethyltestosterone (DMT) Dihydrotestosterone 4-dihydrotestosterone Dromostanolone Drostanolone Ephedra (also called Ma Huang, Bishops Tea and Chi Powder)

Ephedrine Epitestosterone Erythropoietin (EPO) 13a-ethyl-17a-hydroxygon-4-en-3-one Etilefrine Ethylestrenol Exemestane Fencamfamin Fenethylline Fenfluramine Fenproporex Fluoxymesterone Formebolone Formestane (also called 4-hydroxyandrostenedione) Fulvestrant Furazabol Gestrinone 18a-homo-17b-hydroxyestr-4-en-3-one Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Human Growth Hormone 4-hydroxytestosterone Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF-1) Letrozole Mefenorex Mestanolone Mesterolone Methandienone (also called methandrostenolone) Methandriol

Phendimetrazine Phenmetrazine Phentermine Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) Probenecid Prostanozol Pseudoephedrine Raloxifene Quinbolone Selective Androgen Receptor Modulator (SARM) S-1 SARM S-4 (also called Andarine) SARM S-9 SARM S-22 (also called Ostarine) SARM S-23 SARM S-24 SARM BMS-564,929 SARM LGD-2226 Stanozolol Stenbolone Strychnine Tamoxifen Testolactone Testosterone Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG) Tibolone Toremifene Trenbolone Zeranol Zilpaterol


Diuretics Flumethiazide Furosemide Hydrochlorothiazide Hydroflumethiazide Indapamide Methyclothiazide Metolazone Polythiazide Quinethazone Spironolactone Triamterene Trichlormethiazide

Acetazolamide Amiloride Bendroflumethiazide Benzthiazide Bumetanide Canrenone Chlorothiazide Chlorthalidone Clopamide Cyclothiazide Dichlorphenamide Ethacrynic Acid