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U.D.C.: 669.14.018.

26

February 1979

Tool steels Quality requirements

EURONORM

96-79

Contents 1 2 3 SCOPE REFERENCES REQUIREMENTS 3.1 Information to be supplied with enquiry and order 3.2 Production process 3.3 Condition of delivery 3.4 Requirement classes 3.5 Chemical composition 3.6 Mechanical properties 3.7 Surface quality 3.8 Dimensions and tolerances 4 TESTING 4.1 Number of samples 4.2 Sampling 4.3 Test methods 4.4 Retests 4.5 Documents COMPLAINTS ANNEX Comparison between the steel designations in this EURONORM and those in ISO/DIS 4957

1 1.1 This EURONORM covers the grades of wrought steel listed in Tables 2 to 5 namely : (a) (b) (c) (d) unalloyed cold-work tool steels (see Table 2); alloyed cold-work tool steels (see Table 3); alloyed hot-work tool steels (see Table 4); high-speed tool steels (see Table 5).

SCOPE 1.2 Unless otherwise stated, this EURONORM applies to all types of hot-rolled, forged or cold-drawn products which are to be supplied in one of the surface and heat-treatment conditions given in clause 3.3.

2 EURONORM EURONORM 3 4 Brinell hardness test for steel.

REFERENCES EURONORM 18 Selection and preparation of samples and test-pieces for steel and iron and steel products.

Rockwell hardness test (scales A, C, B, F) for steel.

EURONORM 21 General technical delivery requirements for steel and iron and steel products.

REQUIREMENTS (a) The shape, surface condition and the dimensions of the product (see clauses 3.3 and 3.8). (b) The type of steel (see Tables 2 to 5) as well as the heattreated condition (see clause 3.3). (c) The requirement class (see Table 1) and if called for the kind of documentation required (see clause 4.5).

3.1 Information to be supplied with enquiry and order The corresponding paragraphs of EURONORM 21 are applicable. The following information in particular shall be given in the enquiry and order :

Only the last edition of the EURONORMS quoted is valid Copyright by the Standardization Offices of the European Communities' Member States

Pagel

3.2 Production process


Unless otherwise agreed in the order, the steelmaking process used shall be at the discretion of the manufacturer; it shall, however, be reported to the purchaser on request. Unless dictated by the shape of the product, the process for working the material shall be at the manufacturer's discretion.

3.6 Mechanical properties


3.6.1 When ordered to the requirement classes 2 or 3, the maximum Brinell hardness values given in Tables 2 to 5 apply for the delivery condition of steels ordered in the annealed condition. 3.6.2

3.3 Condition of delivery


The condition of delivery shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order. Usual surface conditions are : the hot-rolled or forged condition; the machined (ground, polished, turned, planed or milled) condition; the cold-reduced condition. The usual heat-treatment condition is annealed. Individually manufactured blocks for moulds and discs are sometimes delivered in the hardened and tempered condition.

When ordered to the requirement class 3 the minimum Rockwell C hardened values given in Tables 2 to 5 apply for hardening test-pieces prepared in accordance with clause 4.2.3. 3.6.3 In Figures 1 to 4 the hardness/tempering temperature curves of the steels are reproduced for guidance. Note: The hardness/tempering temperature-curve for a given steel type can vary to a noticeable extent depending on the chemical composition of the cast or of the test-piece, and the hardening and tempering conditions. Consequently the curves in Figures 1 to 4 which were derived from the test results from different sources can at present give only a rough idea of the tempering behaviour of the steels. The curves may, with the above reservations, be used for test-pieces, which were tempered with the tempering temperature in question, but which otherwise were prepared according to the conditions for the hardening test (see clause 4.2.3). When using the curves to estimate the hardness to be expected with hardened and tempered tools, it should be taken into account that the optimum heat-treatment conditions for tools are not necessarily identical to those specified for the test-pieces and particularly that the suggested heating times in clause 4.2.3 may not be right for thicker tools.

3.4 Requirement classes (')


The steels covered by this EURONORM shall be ordered and delivered to one of the requirement classes given in Table 1.

3.5 Chemical composition


3.5.1 The chemical composition as expressed by the cast analysis shall conform to that given in Tables 2 to 5. 3.5.2 If ordered to the requirement classes 1 or 2 (see Table 1) the permissible deviations given in Tables 2a, 3a, 4a, and 5a between the limiting values specified in Tables 2, 3, 4 and 5 and the analysis of products up to 160 mm diameter or equivalent dimensions shall apply. If necessary, the permissible deviations for larger products shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order. 3.5.3 If ordered to the requirement class 3, for which the minimum Rockwell C hardness values are the acceptance criteria, the cast analysis may deviate slightly from the limiting values given in Tables 2 to 5.
(') In earlier EURONORMS, the term 'type of condition of delivery' was used. It was replaced by 'requirement class' in order to avoid confusion with the term 'delivery condition' which is often used for the treatment condition of the steel at the time of delivery.

3.7 Surface quality 3.7.1 All products shall have a surface finish compatible with the production process used and be free from surface imperfections which could impair significantly their subsequent processing or serviceability.
3.7.2

Ground, polished or finished machined products shall be free from surface defects and decarburization.
3.7.3

Hot-rolled, forged, cold-drawn or rough-machined products shall be delivered with a machining allowance suffi-

Page 3 cient for the removal of decarburization and surface defects from all surfaces by machining or grinding. 3.7.3.2 For products other than the bars mentioned in clause 3.7.3.1, for bar shapes and dimensions not included in the Table and for rough-machined products, the minimum machining allowances are to be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order.

3.7.3.1 In the case of hot-rolled, cold-drawn or hot-forged rounds, hexagons and octagons, unless otherwise agreed at the time of the order, the values given in Table 6 shall apply for the minimum machining allowances per side for the removal of surface decarburization and surface imperfections.

3.8 Dimensions and tolerances


The dimensions and tolerances for tool steels are to be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order as long as no special EURONORMS for them are available.

4 TESTING

4.1 Number of samples


4.1.1 Chemical composition If agreed at the time of the inquiry or order, the cast analysis shall be reported by the manufacturer. If a product analysis is called for by the order, at least one sample shall be taken per cast. 4.1.2 Mechanical properties 4.1.2.1 For material supplied to the requirement classes 2 r 3 of Table 1 with a guaranteed maximum Brinell hardness in the annealed condition, one sample shall be taken from each cast, from each heat-treatment batch and from each size. If there is only a small difference in thickness of the different sizes (thickness ratio 1.5) the separation of the products into batches according to their dimensions can be omitted. If the product is heat treated in a continuous furnace, one sample shall be taken per 10 t, but at least one sample shall be taken from each cast and from each size range. 4.1.2.2 For products supplied to the requirement class 3 of Table 1, with a guaranteed minimum Rockwell C hardness, on a reference test-piece, one sample shall be taken per cast. 4.1.3 Surface quality If the purchaser requires the surface quality to be tested, then the number of samples to be taken shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order.

4.2 Sampling
4.2.1 For product analyses, the millings shall be taken uniformly over the entire cross-section of the product. If this is impracticable, the millings shall be taken from a suitable position representing the whole cross-section.
4.2.2

For the Brinell hardness test, the surface of the sample or of a test-piece taken from the sample in the delivery condition shall be prepared in accordance with the requirements of EURONORM 3.
4.2.3

For the hardening test, one test-piece shall be cut off from the sample as indicated in Figure 5. The test-pieces shall be hardened and tempered under the conditions given in Tables 2 to 5, precautions being taken to avoid decarburization. The total heating time in a salt bath (soaking time) shall be:

Total heating time for For test-pieces from hardening min. tempering min.

Cold- or hot-work steels (Tables 2 to 4) High-speed steels (Table 5)

25 1 3

60 At least 2 periods of 60

Page 4 If the test-pieces are not heated in a salt-bath, the heating time must be extended accordingly. The cut surface shall be prepared in accordance with EURONORM 4 for the Rockwell C hardness test.
4.2.4 4.3.2

The Brinell hardness test shall be carried out in accordance with EURONORM 3.
4.3.3

If the purchaser asks for a test of the surface quality, the details for sampling and for the preparation of the testpieces shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order. 4.2.5 General requirements for the selection and preparation of test-pieces shall be in accordance with EURONORM 18.

The Rockwell C hardness test shall be carried out in accordance with EURONORM 4.
4.3.4

If the purchaser asks for the surface quality to be tested, the test method shall be agreed at the time of the enquiry or order. 4.4 Retests For retests the appropriate paragraphs of EURONORMS 21 shall apply.

4.3 Test methods


4.3.1 In cases of dispute, the methods for chemical analysis shall be those laid down in the relevant EURONORMS. Where no EURONORMS are available for determining the alloy content of a steel then the methods may be agreed between the manufacturer and the user.

4.5 Documents
The appropriate paragraphs of EURONORMS 21 are applicable for documentation.

COMPLAINTS

For complaints and the method of dealing with them the appropriate paragraphs of EURONORMS 21 apply.

Table 1 Requirement classes '

Requirement

Requirement class1 1 2 3

Chemical composition Hardness in the annealed condition of quenched and tempered reference test-pieces
1

X -

X X -

X X X

The numbers referring to the delivery requirements are provisional. Permanent numbers will be given as soon as a EURONORM for a system of reference numbers and letters for the 'requirement classes' has been drawn up.

Page 5 Table 2 Unalloyed cold-work tool steels Chemical composition (cast analysis), temperature for hardening and hardness in the annealed or hardened and tempered condition
Hardening test 2 Quenching temperature C 10 Medium Tempering temperature C 10 Hardness min. HRC

Chemica composition ' Type of steel

Hardness (annealed) % max. max.

%C

%Si

% Mn

%s

max. HB

CT CT CT CT CT
1

70 80 90 105 120

0.65 0.75 0.85 0.95 1.10

to to to to to

0.74 0.84 0.94 1.09 1.29

0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

to to to to to

0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30

0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

to to to to to

0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.35

0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020

0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020

183 192 207 212 217

800 790 780 780 770

Water Water Water Water Water

180 180 180 180 180

57 58 60 61 62

Elements no quoted in the above lble shall not be inten tionally added to the steel other than for the purpose of finishing the heat. All reasonable precautions shall be taken to prevent the addition from scrap or other materials used in manufacture, of such elements which affect the hardenability, mechanical properties and applicability. Contents of S 0.20% Cr, S 0.25% Cu and S 0 25% Ni should, how ever, be regarded as being in conformity with the above requirement. See clause 4. 2.3.

Table 2a Unalloyed cold-work tool steels Permissible deviations between specified analysis (see Table 2) and product analyses (See clause 3.5.2)

Permissible deviations ' % C

%Si

% Mn

%P

%s + 0.005

0.03
1

0.03

0.04

+ 0.005

The deviations, other than when maxima only are specified, apply either above or below the specified limits of the range but not both above and below for the same element from different samples from the same cast. When maxima only are specified the deviations are positive only. The values are valid only if the samples are selected in accordance with EURONORM 18 so that they represent the average composition of the cross-section of the product.

Table 3 Alloyed cold-work tool steels Chemical composition (cast analysis), temperature for hardening and hardness in the annealed or hardened and tempered conditions
Hardness (annealed) % Ni % V Harden ng test2 Tempering Quenching Quenching temperature medium temperature "C 10 C 10 790 855 865 900 900 840 800 820 790 800 970 1 020 970 970 Water Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Water Oil Oil Oil Air Air Oil Oil
1 1 1

-a oc,

Chemical composition ' Type of steal % C %Si % Mn % Cr % Mo

%w

max. HB 212

Hardness min. HRC 61 56 55 56 58 60 61 61 60 60 60 61 62 62


j

100 V 2 60 SiMn 7 51CrMnV4 45 WCrV 8 55 WCrV 8 102 Cr 6 107 CrV 3 107 WCr 5 90 MnV 8 95 MnWCr 5 X 100 CrMoV 5 1 X 160 CrMoV 12 1 X 210 Cr 12 X 210 CrW 12 1 S CrMo 16 X 5 CrMo 5 1 7 CrNiMo 8 35 CrMo 8 X 21 Cr 13 X 31 Cr 13 41 Cr 13 38 CrMo 16 1 102 CrMo 17
1 2 3 4

0.95 to 1.10 0.52 to 0.60 0.48 to 0.55 0.40 to 0.50 0.50 to 0.60 0.95 to 1.10 1.00 to 1.15 1.00 to 1.15 0.85 to 0.95 0.90 to 1.00 0.95 to 1.05 1.45 to 1.75 1.90 to 2.20 2.00 to 2.30 S 0.07 O.07 g 0.10 0.30 to 0.40 0.16 to 0.25 0.26 to 0.35 0.36 to 0.45 0.33 to 0.43 0.95 to 1.10

0.10 to 0.30 1.50 to 2.00 0.10 to 0.40 0.80 to 1.10 0.80 to 1.10 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.05 to 0.25 0.05 to 0.25 0.10 to 0.40 0.30 to 0.80 1.0 - S 1.0 1.0 1.0 S 1.0

0.10 to 0.35 0.60 to 0.90 0.70 to 1.00 0.15 to 0.45 0.15 to 0.45 0.15 to 0.45 0.25 to 0.55 .70 to 1.00 1.70 to 2.20 1.05 to 1.35 0.35 to 0.65 0.15 to 0.45 0.15 to 0.45 0.15 to 0.45 0.05 to 0.25 0.05 to 0.25 0.20 to 0.50 0.50 to 1.50 S 1.0 S 1.0 S 1.0 S 1.0 S 1.0

0.90 to 1.20 0.90 to 1.20 0.90 to 1.20 1.35 to 1.65 0.60 to 0.90 0.80 to 1.10 0.20 to 0.50 .35 to 0.65 4.50 to 5.50 11.00 to 13.00 11.00 to 13.00 11.00 to 13.00 3.50 to 4.50 4.50 to 5.50 1.80 to 2.10 1.50 to 2.20 12.00 to 14.00 12.00 to 14.00 12.50 to 14.50 15.00 to 17.00 16.00 to 18.00


0.90 to 1.40 0.70 to 1.00


0.40 to 0.60 0.90 to 1.20 0.10 to 0.30 0.40 to 0.60


0.40 to 0.60

0.10 to 0.30

180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180
1

0.10 to 0.20 0.10 to 0.30 0.10 to 0.30


1.70 to 2.30 1.70 to 2.30

229 241 229 229 223 219 229 229 229 241 255 248 255 121 128 156 300 4 223 235 255 285 285

0.05 to 0.25


1.00 to 1.60

0.10 to 0.30 0.05 to 0.25 0.25 to 0.45 0.35 to 0.65

0.40 to 0.70


0.80 to 1.10

'
1

S 1.0 1.0 S 1.0


1.00 to 1.50 0.40 to 0.70

1 010 1 010 1 010 1 010 1 030

Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil

180 180 180 180 180

45 49 51 49 58

F or all steels phosphorus ^ 0.030% an i sulphur S 0.030%. See clause 4.2.3. These steels are used in the carburized nd heat-treated conditio . This steel is normally supplied in the pr e-heat-treated condition with a hardness of a ^proximately 300 HB.

Page 7 Table 3 a Alloyed cold-work tool steels Permissible deviation between cast analysis (see Table 3) and product analysis (See clause 3.5.2)

Permissible deviations ' Type of steel

%C

%Si

%Mn

%P

%s
+ 0.005 + + + + + + + + + 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005

%Cr

%Mo

% Ni

% V

%w

100 V 2 60 SiMn 7 51 CrivlnV 4 45 WCrV 8 55 WCrV 8 102 Cr 6 107 CrV 3 107 WCr 5 90 MnV 8 95 MnWCr 5 X 100 CrMoV 5 1 X 160 CrMoV 12 1 X 210 Cr 12 X 210 CrW 12 1 5 CrMo 16 X 5 CrMo 5 1 7 CrNiMo 8 35 CrMo 8 X 21 Cr 13 X 31 Cr 13 41 Cr 13 38 CrMo 16 1 102 CrMo 17
1

0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.05 + 0.02 + 0.02 + 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03

0.03 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 + + + + + 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05

0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 + + + + + 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04

+ 0.005 + + + + + + + + + 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005


0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.10 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15


0.05 0.05

'
0.03

0.02


0.07 0.07

0.02 0.02 0.02

0.02


0.07

0.02 0.02 0.03 0.04

0.04

+ 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + + + + + 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005

+ 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + + + + + 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005


0.05


0.05 0.05 0.03 0.05

+ 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03


0.05 0.05

The deviations, other than w ien maxima 01lly are specifi 1, apply either above or below the specified limits of the range but not both above and below for the same element from different samples from the sa me cast, When maxima only are speci ied the deviati ons are positiv : only. The values are valid only if f ie samples are selected in ace jrdance with E URONORM 1 i so that they represent the average composition of the cross-section of the product.

Table 4 Hot-work tool steels Chemical composition (cast analysis), temperature for hardening and hardness in the annealed or quenched and tempered conditions
Hardening test2 Quenching Quenching Tempering temperature medium temperature C =: 10 C 10

TO n

Chemical composition' Type of steel % C %Si %Mn %Cr % Mo % Ni % V

Hardness (annealed)

%w

max. HB

Hardness min. HRC

40 NiCrMoV 16 55 NiCrMoV 7 35 CrMo 8 30 CrMoV 12 11 X 37 CrMoV 5 1 X 40 CrMoV 5 1 1 X 30 WCrV 5 3 X 30 WCrV 9 3 X 21 Cr 13 X 22 CrNi 17 X 16 CrNiSi 25 20 X 13 NiCrSi 35 16

0.35 to 0.45 0.50 to 0.60 0.30 to 0.40 0.25 to 0.35 0.32 to 0.42 0.35 to 0.45 0.25 to 0.35 0.25 to 0.35 0.16 to 0.25 0.17 to 0.25 S 0.20 S 0.15

0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 0.30 to 0.80 0.10 to 0.40 0.90 to 1.20 0.90 to 1.20 0.10 to 0.40 0.10 to 0.40 S 1.00 S 1.00 1.50 to 2.50 1.00 to 2.00

0.35 to 0.65 0.65 to 0.95 0.50 to 1.50 0.15 to 0.45 0.25 to 0.55 0.25 to 0.55 0.15 to 0.45 0.15 to 0.45 S 1.00 S 1.00 SS2.00 g 2.00

1.70 to 2.00 0.95 to 1.25 1.50 to 2.20 2.50 to 3.50 4.50 to 5.50 4.50 to 5.50 2.00 to 3.00 2.50 to 3.50 12.0 to 14.0 16.0 to 18.0 24.0 to 26.0 15.0 to 17.0

0.40 to 0.60 0.30 to 0.50 0.40 to 0.60 2.50 to 3.00 1.20 to 1.70 1.20 to 1.70

3.60 to 4.10 1.50 to 2.00

0.05 to 0.25 0.05 to 0.25

277

850 850
3

Oil Oil

500 500
3

40 42
3


S 1.00 1.50 to 2.50 19.0 to 22.0 33.0 to 37.0

0.40 to 0.70 0.30 to 0.50 0.85 to 1.15 0.40 to 0.70 0.30 to 0.50


4.50 to 5.10 8.50 to 9.50

248 3003 229 229 229 235 241 223 269

1 040 1 020 1020 1060 1 150 1 010 1 000 1 100 1 100

Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Water Water

550 550 550 600 600 550 550

46 48 48 46 48 38 39

< '

1 2 J 4

F or all steels phosphorus ^ 0.030% and sulphur S 0.030%. See clause 4.2.3. The steel is normally supplied in the pr e-heat-treated condition with a hardness of approximately 300 HB. Hardness in the quenched condition g 192 HB.

Page 9 Table 4a Hot-work tool steels Permissible deviations between cast analysis (see Table 4) and product analysis (See clause 3.5.2)

Permissible deviations' Type of steel

%C

%Si

%Mn

%P

% S

%Cr

%Mo

%Ni

% V

%w

40 NiCrMoV 16 55 NiCrMoV 7 35 CrMo 8 30 CrMoV 12 11 X 37 CrMoV 5 1 X 40 CrMoV 5 1 1 X 30 WCrV 5 3 X 30 WCrV 9 3 X 21 Cr 13 X 22 CrNi 17 X 16 CrNiSi 25 20 X 13 NiCrSi 35 16
1

0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 + 0.01 + 0.01

0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.03 + 0.05 + 0.05 0.10 0.10

0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04

+ 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.010 + 0.010

+ + + + + + + + + + + +

0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005

0.05 0.05 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.20

0.05 0.04 0.05 0.10 0.05 0.05

0.07 0.07 + 0.03 0.07 0.20 0.20

0.02 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04

0.10 0.10

The deviations, other than w ien maxima 0 nly are spcifie I, apply either above or below the specified imits of the range but not both above and below for the same element from different samples from the same cast. When maxima only are speci ied the deviat ions are positiv e only, The values are valid only if t ie samples are selected in ace ordance with E URONORM 1 8 so that they represent the average composition of the cross-section of the product.

Table 5 High-speed steels Chemical composition, temperature for hardening and hardness in the annealed or hardened and tempered conditions
Chemical composition2 Group Type of steel ' % C % Co % Cr % Mo
%V %W

Hardness (annealed) max. HB

Hardening test3 Quenching Tempering temperature Quenching temperature medium C 10 "C 10 Hardness min. HRC

Basic types

HS 18-0-1 HS 2-9-2 HS 1-8-1 HS 6-5-2 HS 6-5-3 HS 6-5-4 HS 18-0-1-10 HS 18-1-1-5 HS 6-5-2-5 HS 12-1-5-5 HS 10-4-3-10 HS 2-9-1-8 HS 7-4-2-5

0.73 0.95 0.77 0.82

to to to to

0.83 1.05 0.87 0.92

3.50 3.50 3.50 3.50

to to to to

4.50 4.50 4.50 4.50

s 8.20 to 9.20 8.00 to 9.00 4.60 to 5.30 4.60 to 5.30 4.60 to 5.30
5

0.90 1.70 0.90 1.70

to to to to

1.20 2.20 1.40 2.20

17.2 1.50 1.40 5.70

to to to to

18.7 2.10 2.00 6.70

269 255 255 255 269 277 293 277 269 293 293 277 277

1 1 1 1

260 200 210 220

Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil Oil

560 560 560 560 560 560 560 560 560 560 560 530 540

63 64 63 64 65 66 64 64 64 65 66 66 66

Increased C + V content Increased Co content

1.15 to 1.30 1.25 to 1.40 0.75 to 0.85 0.75 to 0.85 0.85 to 0.95 1.40 to 1.55 1.20 to 1.35 1.05 to 1.20 1.05 to 1.20

I }
9.50 to 10.5 4.70 to 5.20 4.70 to 5.20 4.70 to 5.20 9.50 to 10.5 7.50 to 8.50 4.70 to 5.20

3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4.50 3.50 to 4150 3.50 to 4.50

2.70 to 3.20 3.70 to 4.20 1.30 to 1.80 1.10 to 1.60 1.70 to 2.20 4.75 to 5.55 3.00 to 3.50 0.90 to 1.40 1.70 to 2.20

5.70 to 6.70 5.70 to 6.70 17.2 to 18.7 17.2 to 18.7 5.70 to 6.70 11.5 to 13.0 9.0 to 10.0 1.30 to 1.90 6.40 to 7.40

1 220 1 210 1 280 1 270 1 230 1 240 1 230 1 190 1 200

0.70 to 1.00 4.60 to 5.30 0.70 to 1.00 3.20 to 3.90 9.00 to 10.0 3.50 to 4.20

Increased C + V content + Co Increased C content + Co


1 2 3 4 s

Succession: W-Mo-V-Co. For all steels silicon S 0.50%, manganese S 0.40%, phosphorus S 0.030% and sulphur S 0.030%. See clause 4.2.3. A dash means that the corresponding alloying element shall not intentionally be added to the heat and that in the case of cobalt the content of the cast should be 1% Co. A dash means that the corresponding alloying element shall not intentionally be added to the heat and that in the case of molybdenum the content of the cast should be S 0.7% Mo.

Page 11 Table 5 a High-speed steels Permissible deviations between specified analysis (see Table 5) and product analysis (See clause 3.5.2)

Permissible deviations ' Type of steel

%C

%Si

%Mn

%P

%s + + + + 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005

%Co

%Cr

%Mo

%V

%w 0.20 0.07 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.20 0.20 0.10 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.10

HS 18-0-1 HS 2-9-2 HS 1-8-1 HS 6-5-2 HS 6-5-3 HS 6-5-4 HS 18-0-1-10 HS 18-1-1-5 HS 6-5-2-5 HS 12-1-5-5 HS 10-4-3-10 HS 2-9-1-8 HS 7-4-2-5
1

0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 D.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03

+ + + +

0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03

+ 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04 + 0.04

+ + + +

0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005

0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10

0.05 0.07 0.05 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.05 0.07

+ 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03 + 0.03

+ 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005

+ 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005 + 0.005

0.15 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.15 0.10 0.10

0.05 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.10 0.10

The deviations, other than when maxima only are specified, apply either above or below the specified limits of the range but not both above and below for the same element from different samples from the same cast. When maxima only are specified the deviations are positive only. The values are valid only if the samples are selected in accordance with EURONORM 18 so that they represent the average composition of the cross-section of the product.

Table 6 Minimum machining allowances per side for bars with round, hexagonal or octagonal cross-section (See clause 3.7.3)

Minimum machining allowance per side for Ordered diameter mm 1 hot-rolled or cold-reduced2 bars mm hot-forged bars mm

> > > > > > > > > > >
1 2

S 16' 16 S 25 25 40 40 S 60 6 0 S 80 80 S 100 100 S 125 125 S 150 150 S 200 200 S 250 250 S 300 300 S 400

0.5 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.5 3.2 4.0 5.0 6.0

1.5 1.5 1.7 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0

In the case of hexagons and octagons the distance across the flats is the ruling criterion. It should be noted that not all sizes mentioned in this table are available in the cold-reduced condition.

Page 12 70 6"6 62 70 66 62

58 54 50 46 42 Steel CT 70 38 34 Heat treatment 800 "C/water _ j 11I 1 I 30 0 100 200 3 0 0 400 500 6 0 0 7 0 0 800 Tempering temperature in C 70 6"6 62 < V >Y \ \ V \
1

c c -

58 54 50 46 42

, \ \ \

=
c -o
1

Steel CT 80 38 34 Heat treatment 790 "C/water , 30 L_J .J 0 100 200 3 0 0 400 500 600 700 800
-

Tempering temperature in "C 70 66 62 U c c


c -

58 54 50

58 54 50 46 42 Steel CT 105 Heat treatment 780 "C/water


I,

c -

46 42 38 34 30 . . j 0 Steel CT 90 Heat treatment 780 "C/water I I _ j .,_. 100 200 300 4O0 500 6 0 0 700 800 Tempering temperature in C 70 66 62

38 34 30

Ik _ j 1 L_l

1 1

100 200 3 0 0 400 500 6 0 0 7 0 0 800 Tempering temperature in "C

u
P

58 54 50 46 42 38 34 Steel CT 120 Heat treatment 770 "C/water 30 ....L .. 1 ,. .L . . . I _ j L_. L_ 0 100 200 300 400 500 6 0 0 7 0 0 800 Tempering temperature in C

X c
C

-o
Ui

Fig. 1 Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for unalloyed cold-work tool steels (see table 2 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 13
70 66 62 70

s.

66 62 58 54 50
c -
u

58 54 50 46 42 38

' ""JV

'V

46 42 38

\ \

U,

>

ra

Steel 100 V 2 Heat treatment 790 "C/water

ra

Steel 60 SiMn 7 Heat treatment 855 "C/oil


I L. J I

V\

\ \

34h "

34-

30
0

100 200 300 4O0 500 600 700 800

30

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


Tempering temperature in "C

Tempering temperature in C
70 66 62
P

70 66 62

58 54 50

58 54 50

c -

c -
Ui

46 42 - Steel 51 CrMnV 4 38 34 30
I

46 42 38 34

r D C

- Steel 45 WCrV 8 Heat treatment 900 "C/oil , .._


l i

Heat treatment 865 C/oil _

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 300


Tempering temperature in C

30

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


Tempering temperature in C

70 66 62
'V

70 66 62
f>v|

58 54 50

s . v
* V \v \

u
P

58 54 50

c
-D

46 42 38

46 42

Steel 55 WCrV 8 Heat treatment 900 "C/oil 1 L_

38 34

Steel 102 Cr 6 Heat treatment 840 C/oil L 1 1 L_1. . L _ . .

34|-

30

30

100 200 300 4O0 500 600 700 800


Tempering temperature in C

100 200 300 4O0 500 600 700 800


Tempering temperature in C

Fig. 2a Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for alloyed cold-work tool steels (see table 3 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 14 70 66 62
c

70 66
V

58 54 50 46 42 38

62

k,

N V

U c

58 54 50

N\

DC \

V \

DC

S, V
\

c -

46 42 - Steel 107 WCr 5 Heat treatment 820 C/oil


_._l ...j

Steel 107 CrV 3

34

Heat treatment 800 "C/water \, _ _l 1 I 30 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C

\ \

38 3430 0

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

70 66 62 u
P

70 66 62
V

58 54 50

58 54 50

S,

S,

X
c -

DC
c -

,\

46 42

46 42 38 34

38 34-

Steel 90 MnV 8 Heat treatment 790 "C/oil 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

- Steel 95 MnWCr 5 Heat treatment 800 C/oil ... I 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
_ j

30 0

30 , 0

Tempering temperature in C /u 66 62

70 66 62
Vl

58 54 50

-^

sk
\

58 54 50

DC
C

DC
c -
u.

V \ \

-
rt DC

46
42 38 34

46 42 38 34 -Steel X 160 CrMoV 12 1

-Steel X 100 CrMoV 5 1

rt DC

Heat treatment 970 C/air L _ L_.1 _ - l._j 30 .L _ L. ,. . 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

Heat treatment 1 020 C/air 1 I L_ 1 7 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C

Fig. 2b Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for alloyed cold-work tool steels (see table 3 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 15 70 66 62 58 54
^s

70 66 62

u
P

58 54 50 46 42 38

DC

t
C 3

50
46 42 38 34

s, s\

DC

OJ

V \ \

Ui

Ui

- Steel 210 Cr 12 Heat treatment 970 C/oil


I

rt DC

-Steel 210 CrW12 1 Heat treatment 970 C/oil


j

34h

30
0

J I _J _ J 1 1 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800

30 0

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

Tempering temperature in C
70 66 62

/u 66 62

58 54 50

58 54 50 -- V

DC

DC
c -o
U!

e -

46 \ - Steel X 21 Cr 13 Heat treatment 1 010 "C/oil 1 I . . .u_ ^ \ \ \


38

46 42 38 Steel X 31 Cr 13 Heat treatment 1 010 C/oil


1

V \
1

D C 42

DC

\ \

'1

34h

30

_ j

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800

34 ?n 0

\ 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


L_l

V\

Tempering temperature in C

Tempering temperature in C

Fig. 2c Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for alloyed cold-work tool steels (see table 3 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 16 70 66 62 58 /u 66 62

54 50 46 42 38 - Steel 41 Cr 13 "

58 54 50

DC
c -o

DC

c -

46 42 38 34
?
.-j

r*y

\ fSteel 38 CrMo 16 1 \ \ Heat treatment \ 1 010 C/oil \ .. J ._.' 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C \

Heat treatment 341 010 C/oil 30 J I ' ' ' 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C 70 66 62
N > |

58 54 50 46 42 38 34 30 0

t s fv s

i <*

'^V \

DC c C -

v\

-Steel X 102 CrMo 17 Heat treatment 1 030 C/oil l_ , L. 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

Fig. 2d Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for alloyed cold work tool steels (see table 3 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 17 70 66 62
U c

66 62

58 54 50

58 54 50 46 42

DC
c -

DC
D C

46
fi 2

\ -Steel 40 NiCrMoV 16 Heat treatment 850 "C/oil ...j _ J _ J .... 1 -1

'S

iv

\ - Steel 55 NiCrMoV 7 Heat treatment 850 "C/oil -

38

38 34h

34 ? i
0

!1

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

30 _ j L._

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


Tempering temperature in "C

70 66 62
U
P

70 66 62

58 54 50 46 42 38 34 30 0
s.V

58 54 50 46 42 38 \ \ \ Steel X 37 CrMoV 5 1

DC
c c -
OJ

c X c
n <U

1 \ \

-Steel 30 CrMoV 12 11 Heat treatment 1 040 "C/oil _ . j

ra X

\ \

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C 70 66 62
o DC c
e -

Heat treatment 34 1 020 "C/oil _ L..J _._ ... L JL_i L _ 30

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C

58 54 50 46 42 38 34 30 0

S,

s\

V \ \

-Steel 40 CrMoV5 1 1 Heat treatment 1 020 C/oil L. 1

100 200 300 4O0 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C

Fig. 3a Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for hot-work tool steels (see table 4 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 18 70 66 62

70 66 62

58 54 50

u
P

58 54 50 46 42 38 34 30
1

c -o

DC \ \ \ \ c
Ui

** -* .. t Steel 30 WCrV 9 3 Heat treatment 1 150 "C/oil 1 I J

46 42 38 34
_l

\
)
1

-Steel X 30 WCrV 5 3

Heat treatment 1 060 "C/oil _ l .. . J J 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in C

\ \ \

100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800


Tempering temperature in C

70 66 62

70 66 62

58 54 50

58 54 50

DC

c -

ra t 42 38 Steel X 21 Cr 13

46 42 Steel X 22 CrNi 17

\ >

Heat treatement \ 1 010 "C/oil \ 34h k. , 30 _ l _ l 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800
. _

l \

38 34

Heat treatment 1 000 "C/oil 30 -I I _ J 0 100 200 300 4O0 500 600 700 800 Tempering temperature in "C

Tempering temperature in C

Fig. 3b Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for hot-work tool steels (see table 4 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 19

68 64

60 56 52 48 44
Steel HS 18-0-1 Heat treatment 1 260 "C/oil I II 1 / 0(]

DC
c
-D

41), )5 0' 30 ]

)0()

600

700

0 50 300

400

500

600

Tempering temperature in "C

Tempering temperature in "C

68 64

y 60
P

*56
(

I 52
rt

Steel HS 1-8-1 Heat treatment 1 210 "C/oil


11

\ \ \1

*48 44

| LU f 0 50 300

400

500

600

700

0 50 300

400

500

600

Tempering temperature in "C

Tempering temperature in C

68 64

y 60 P 56
(

s\

I 52 u 48

Steel HS 6-5-4 Heat treatment

0 50 300

400

500

601

44 1 210 "C/oil 4U( II 1 1 1 1 1 )5 o":301] k oc)

5 oc)

6 00

7 30

Tempering temperature in "C

Tempering temperature in "C

Fig. 4 a Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for high-speed steels (see table 5 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 20

68 64

U
c DC

60 56 52 48 44
Heat treatment 1 270 "C/oil _L_IJ I I Ll I I

e -o c -

0 50 300

400

500

600

40

0 50 300

400

500

600

Tempering temperature in C

Tempering temperature in C

68 64
U c

68 64
60

60 56 52 _ 48 44 4U( 15 0'.301]
II I

56
Steel HS 6-5-2-5 Heat treatment 1 230 "C/oil
I I I I 1

c -
u.

rt I

\ \

52 48 44 40
Steel HS 12-1-5-5 Heat treatment 1 240 "C/oil
Il I I I I I 1

oc)

6 00

7 30

05o":30(]

400

oc)

600

700

Tempering temperature in "C

Tempering temperature in C

68 64

gbU

'^56
c -o

s 56
152
!

\ \ \ Steel HS 2-9-1-8 Heat treatment 1 190 "C/oil


II 1 1 1 1 1 1

48 44 4U(

0 50 300

400

500

600

)5o':30()

Tempering temperature in C

) Tempering temperature in C

k oc)

5 oc

6 00

1 30

Fig. 4b Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for high-speed steels (see table 5 and clause 3.6.3)

Page 21

U c

DC

C -d

0 50 300

400

500

600

700

Tempering temperature in C

Fig. 4c Hardness-tempering temperature-curves for high-speed steels (see table 5 and clause 3.6.3)

A. Product diameter or thickness 2 15

B. Product diameter or thickness < 15

-o u era

to

Product Sample

The test-piece shall according to the choice of the manufacturer a) be either identical with the test sample, or b) be taken from the sample by one cut as shown below,

Sample

d<15
The test-piece shall be according to the choice of the manufacturer a) either identical with the sample, or b) taken from rectangular samples by one cut as shown below.

A
)

zr_-_-^

ws15 or (c) be taken from the sample by two cuts as shown below.

LO

r
Ml

w*15

Fig. 5 Location and dimensions of the test-pieces for hardening test (all sizes are in mm)

Page 23 ANNEX Comparison between the steel designations in this EURONORM and those in ISO/DIS 4957

Steel designation EURONORM 96 ISO/DIS 4957

Unalloyed cold-work tool steels CT 70 CT 80 CT 90 CT 105 CT 120 Alloyed cold-work tool steels 100 V 2 60 SiMn 7 51 CrMnV 4 45 WCrV 8 55 WCrV 8 102 Cr 6 107 CrV 3 107 WCr 5 90 MnV 8 95 MnWCr 5 X 100 CrMoV 51 X 160 CrMoV 12 1 X 210 Cr 12 X 210 CrW 12 1 5 CrMo 16 X 5 CrMo 5 1 7 CrNiMo 8 35 CrMo 8 X 21 Cr 13 X31 Cr 13 41 Cr 13 38 CrMo 16 1 102 CrMo 17 Hot-work tool steels 40 NiCrMoV 16 55 NiCrMoV 7 35 CrMo 8 30 CrMoV 12 11 X 37 CrMoV 5 1 X 40 CrMoV 5 1 1 X 30 WCrV 5 3 X 30 WCrV 9 3 X 21 Cr 13 X 22 CrNi 17 X 16 CrNiSi 25 20 X 13 NiCrSi 35 16 High-speed steels HS 18-0-1 HS 2-9-2 HS 1-8-1 HS 6-5-2 HS 6-5-3 HS 6-5-4 HS 18-0-1-10 HS 18-1-1-5 HS 6-5-2-5 HS 12-1-5-5 HS 10-4-3-10 HS 2-9-1-8 HS 7-4-2-5 S 1 S 2 S 3 S 4 S 5 S 6 S 7 S 8 S 9 S 10 S 11 S 12 Hl H2 H3 H4 H5 H6 H7 H8 10 11 12 13 14/15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1 2 3 4 5

BFR 240

DKR 41,40

DM15,30

FF 33,80

LIT 6 300

HFL 16,40

UKL 4

USD 7.40

OFFICE FOR OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONS OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Bote postale 1003Luxembourg EURONORMS are on sale at: United Kingdom: British Standards Institution, 2 Park Street, London W1A 2BS Ireland: Institute for Industrial Research and Standards, Ballymun Road, Dublin 9 Denmark: Dansk standardiseringsrd, Aurehjvej 12, Postboks 77, DK-2900 Hellerup

Catalogue number: CB-23-77-227-EN-C