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IS 800-2007 Example 003

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING
EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
The frame object axial strengths are tested in this example.
In this example a beam-column is subjected factored distributed load N =2500
kN, M
z
=350 kN-m, and M
y
=100 kN-m. The element is moment-resisting in
the z-direction and pinned in the y-direction. This example was tested using the
Indian IS 800:2007 steel frame design code. The design capacities are compared
with independent hand calculated results.
GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING














L =4 m







Material Properties
E = 200x10
3
MPa
v = 0.3
G = 76923.08 MPa


Loading

N = 2500 kN
Mz,top = 350 kN-m
Mz,bot = -350 kN-m
My,top = 100 kN-m
My,bot = 0
Design Properties
fy = 250 MPa
Section: W310x310x226

A A
L N
Y-Axis

M
y,bot


M
y,top


Z-Axis

M
z,top


M
z,bot


Section A-A
Y-Y
Z-Z
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 1
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TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
Section Compactness Check (Beam-Column)
Section Compression Capacity
Section Shear Capacity for Major & Minor Axes
Section Bending Capacity for Major & Minor Axes
Member Compression Capacity for Major & Minor Axes
Member Bending Capacity for Major & Minor Axes
Interaction Capacity, D/C, for Major & Minor Axes
RESULTS COMPARISON

Independent results are taken from hand calculations based on the CSI steel
design documentation contained in the file SFD-IS-800-2007.pdf, which is also
available through the program Help menu. The example was taken from
Example 13.2 on pp. 1101-1106 in Design of Steel Structures by N.
Subramanian.
Output Parameter ETABS Independent
Percent
Difference
Compactness Plastic Plastic 0.00%
Plastic Compression Resistance,
N
d
(kN)
6520 6520 0.00%
Buckling Resistance in Compression,
P
dz
(kN)
6511 6511 0.00%
Buckling Resistance in Compression,
P
dy
(kN)
5295 5295 0.00%
Section Bending Resistance,
M
dz
(kN-m)
897.46 897.46 0.00%
Section Bending Resistance,
M
dy
(kN-m)
325.65 325.65 0.00%
Buckling Resistance in Bending,
M
dLTB
(kN-m)
886.84 886.84 0.00%
Section Shear Resistance,
V
dy
(kN)
1009.2 1009.2 0.00%
Section Shear Resistance,
V
dz
(kN)
2961.6 2961.6 0.00%
Interaction Capacity, D/C 1.050 1.050 0.00%
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 2
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COMPUTER FILE: IS 800-2007 EX003
CONCLUSION
The results show an acceptable comparison with the independent results.
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 3
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HAND CALCULATION

Properties:
Material: Fe 410
E = 200,000 MPa
G = 76,923.08 MPa
f
y
= 250 MPa
Section: W310x310x226
A = 28,687.7 mm
2
b
f
= 317 mm, t
f
= 35.6 mm, h = 348 mm, t
w
= 22.1 mm, r = 0 mm
317
158.5
2 2
f
b
b mm = = = ,
( ) ( ) 2 348 2 35.6 0 276.8
f
d h t r mm = + = + =
I
z
= 592,124,221 mm
4
, I
y
= 189,255,388.9 mm
4

r
z
= 143.668 mm, r
y
= 81.222 mm
Z
ez
= 3,403,012. 8 mm
3
, Z
ey
= 1,194,040.3 mm
3

Z
pz
= 3,948,812.3 mm
3
, Z
py
= 1,822,502.2 mm
3

I
t
= 10,658,941.4 mm
6
, I
w
= 4.611 10
12
mm
6


Member:
L
y
= L
z
= 4,000 mm (unbraced length)
0
1.1
M
=

Loadings:
2500 P kN =
25
z
V kN =
175
y
V kN =
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 4
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1
350
z
M kN m

=
2
350
z
M kN m

=
1
100
y
M kN m

=
2
0
y
M kN m

=

Section Compactness:
250
1
250 250
y
f
= = =
1
2,500,000
2.01676
2.5
246.8 22.1
1.1
y
w
mo
P
r
f
dt

= = =


Localized Buckling for Flange:
9.4 9.4 1 9.4
p
= = =

158.5
4.45
35.6
e
f
b
t
= = =
4.45 9.40
e p
= < =
So Flange is Plastic in pure bending

Localized Buckling for Web:
1
84 84 1
27.84
(1 ) (1 2.01676)
p
r


= = =
+ +


246.8
11.20
22.1
e
w
d
t
= = =
11.20 27.84
e p
= < =
So Web is Plastic in bending & compression

Section is Plastic.
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 5
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Section Compression Capacity:
0
28687.7 250
1.1
g y
d
M
A f
N


= =
6520
d
N kN =

Section Shear Capacity:
For major z-z axis
2
348 22.1 7690.8
vz w
A ht mm = = =
0
250
7690.8
3 1.1 3
y
Pz vz
M
f
V A

= =
1009.2
Pz
V kN =

For minor y-y axis
2
2 2 317 35.6 22,570.4
vy f f
A b t mm = = =
0
250
22570.4
3 1.1 3
y
Py vy
M
f
V A

= =
2961.6
Py
V kN =

Section Bending Capacity:
For major z-z axis
0 0
1.2
1 3,948,812.3 250 1.2 3,403,012.8 250
1.1 1.1
b pz y ez y
dz
M M
Z f Z f
M



= = =
897.46 933.54
dz
M kN m kN m =
897.46
dz
M kN m =
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 6
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For minor y-y axis
0 0
1.2
1 1,822,502.2 250 1.2 1,194,040.3 250
1.1 1.1
b py y ey y
dy
M M
Z f Z f
M



= = =
414.21 325.65
dy
M kN m kN m =
325.65
dy
M kN m =

With Shear Reduction:
For major z-z axis
25 0.6 0.6 1009.2 605.5
z Pz
V kN V kN = < = = No shear reduction is needed.

For minor y-y axis
175 0.6 0.6 2961.6 1777
y Py
V kN V kN = < = = No shear reduction is needed.

With Compression Reduction:
2500
0.383
6520
d
P
n
N
= = =

For major z-z axis
( ) ( ) 1.11 1 1.11 897.46 1 0.383
ndz dz dz
M M n M = =
614.2 897.46
ndz
M kN m kN m = <

For minor y-y axis, since 0.2 n >
( )( ) ( )( ) 1.56 1 0.6 1.56 325.65 1 0.383 0.383 0.6
ndy dy
M M n n = + = +
308.0
ndy
M kN m =
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 7
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Member Compression Capacity:
Non-Dimensional Slenderness Ratio:
348
1.1 1.2
317
f
h
b
= = <
and
35.6 40
f
t mm mm = <
So we should use the Buckling Curve b for the z-z axis and Buckling Curve c for the
y-y axis (IS 7.1.1, 7.1.2.1, Table 7).
Z-Z Axis Parameters:
For buckling curve b, 0.34 = (IS 7.1.1, 7.1.2.1, Table 7)
0.65
z
K =
2600
0.65 4000 2600 , 18.097
143.668
z z
z z
z
K L
K L mm
r
= = = =
Euler Buckling Stress:
( )
2 2
, 2 2
200,000
6027
18.097
cr z
z z
z
E
f MPa
K L
r

= = =
| |
|
\ .

,
250
0.2037
6022
y
z
cr z
f
f
= = =
( ) ( )
2 2
0.5 1 0.2 0.5 1 0.34 0.2037 0.2 0.2037
z z z z
( ( = + + = + +


0.5214
z
=
Stress Reduction Factor:
2 2 2 2
1 1
0.9987
0.5214 0.5214 0.2037
z
z z z


= = =
+ +

,
0
250
0.9987 226.978
1.1
y
cd z
M
f
f MPa

= = =
,
226.978 28,687.7
dz cd z g
P f A = =
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 8
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6511
dz
P kN =

Y-Y Axis Parameters:
For buckling curve c, 0.49 = (IS 7.1.1, 7.1.2.1, Table 7)
1.00
y
K =
4000
1 4000 4000 , 49.25
81.222
y y
y y
y
K L
K L mm
r
= = = =
Euler Buckling Stress:
( )
2 2
, 2 2
200,000
813.88
49.25
cr y
y y
y
E
f MPa
K L
r

= = =
| |
|
|
\ .

,
250
0.5542
813.88
y
y
cr y
f
f
= = =
( ) ( )
2 2
0.5 1 0.2 0.5 1 0.49 0.5542 0.2 0.5542
y y y y

( ( = + + = + +


0.7404
y
=
Stress Reduction Factor:
2 2 2 2
1 1
0.8122
0.7404 0.7404 0.5542
y
y y y


= = =
+ +

,
0
250
0.8122 184.584
1.1
y
cd y
M
f
f MPa

= = =
,
184.584 28,687.7
dy cd y g
P f A = =
5295
dy
P kN =



IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 9
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Member Bending Capacity:
C
1
= 2.7 (Program Calculation from AISC equation, where C
1
< 2.7 )
( ) ( )
2
2
1 2 2
y
w
cr t
EI
EI
M C GI
KL KL


| |
| = +
|
\ .
( ) ( )
2 2 12
2 2
200,000 189,300,000 200,000 4.611 10
2.7 76,923.08 10,658,941.4
4,000 4,000
cr
M

| |

| = +
|
\ .

15,374,789,309
cr
M N mm =

0.21
LT
=
1.0
b
=
1 3,948,812.3 250
0.2534
15,374,789,309
b pz y
LT
cr
Z f
M


= = =
( ) ( )
2 2
0.5 1 0.2 0.5 1 0.21 0.2534 0.2 0.2534
LT LT LT LT
( ( = + + = + +

0.5377
LT
=
2 2
1
1.0
LT
LT LT LT


=
+ +

2 2
1
0.9882 1.0
0.5377 0.5377 0.2534
LT
= =
+ +

0
0.9882 250
224.58
1.1
LT y
bd
M
f
f MPa


= = =
3,948,812.3 224.58 886,839,489
dLTB pz bd
M Z f N mm = = =
886.84
dLTB
M kN m =




IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 10
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Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending
Member Bending & Compression Capacity with Buckling
Z-Z Axis
2500
0.3839
6511
z
dz
P
n
P
= = =
( ) ( ) ( ) 1 0.2 1 0.2037 0.2 0.3839 1 0.8 1 0.8 0.3839
z z z z
K n n = + = + + = +
1.0014 1.3072
z
K = so 1.0014
z
K =
2
1
350
1
350
z
M
M


= = =
0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 1 0.2 0.4 0.4
mz mz
C so C = + = + = > =

Y-Y Axis
2500
0.4721
5295
y
dy
P
n
P
= = =

( ) ( ) ( ) 1 0.2 1 0.554 0.2 0.4721 1 0.8 1 0.8 0.4721
y y y y
K n n = + = + + = +
1.167 1.378
y
K = so 1.167
y
K =
2
1
0
0
100
y
M
M
= = =
0.6 0.4 0.6 0.4 0 0.6 0.4 0.6
my my
C so C = + = + = > =

Lateral-Torsional Buckling
0.4
mLT
C =
0.1 0.1
1 1
0.25 0.25
LT y y
LT
mLT mLT
n n
K
C C

=


IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 11
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0.1 0.2534 0.4721 0.1 0.4721
1 0.920 1 0.831
0.4 0.25 0.4 0.25
LT
K

= = =


0.920
LT
K =

Formula IS 9.3.2.2 (a)

2500 1.167 0.6 100 0.920 350
5295 325.65 886.84
y my y
LT z
dy dy dLTB
K C M
K M D P
C P M M

= + + = + +
0.472 0.215 0.363
D
C
= + +
1.050
D
C
= (Governs)

Formula IS 9.3.2.2 (b)

0.6
2500 0.6 1.167 0.6 100 1.0014 0.4 350
6511 325.65 886.84
y my y
z mz z
dz dy dLTB
K C M
K C M D P
C P M M

= + + = + +
0.384 0.129 0.158
D
C
= + +
0.671
D
C
=
IS 800-2007 Example 003 - 12