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The infinitive of purpose

To + V-inf
( can be used to expressed individual purpose with a verb pattern)

Examples I stopped by at the supermarket to buy some apples on the way home. I popped into his office to have a chat about our marketing policy. I decided to save up to buy a new computer. Schools are for educating children not for entertaining them. Schools are for learning. Life is for living. This kitchen knife is especially useful for slicing vegetables. What's this for? ~ It's for opening oysters. It's much better than a knife. What's this fifty pound note for? ~ It's for buying food for the weekend. I popped into the supermarket for some apples on the way home. (Not: I popped into the supermarket for buying some apples) I stopped by at his office for a chat about our marketing strategy. (Not: I stopped by at his office for having a chat about marketing.) I decided I would save up for a new computer. (Not: I decided I would save up for buying a new computer.) He took a book with him in order to have something to read on the train. The parties started negotiations so as to reach an agreement as soon as possible. In order to attract a wider audience, we need to rethink our marketing strategy. He tiptoed through the hall so as not to be heard. In order not to lose time, we must act at once. So as not to appear foolish, I learnt all I could about the company before going for the interview. I'm going to move to the city centre in order to be near where I work. In order not to have to commute, she bought a flat in the town centre. In order to know more about him, she studied his movements carefully. Jerry works hard so that his family has everything they need. I'll leave the door open so that you can come in. Tina gave me a shopping list so that I wouldn't forget anything.

For + verb-ing/Noun
The purpose of an object (If we are talking about the purpose of an object or an action, we normally use the for + verb-ing pattern. Note that this pattern commonly answers the question: What are they (used) for?)

in order (not) + to-infinitive


so as (not) + to-infinitive
(can be used to express individual purpose when we want to be more formal about the reason for doing something. All of these structures answer the question: Why?)

The infinitive of purpose can only be used if the doer of the action expressed by the infinitive is the same as the subject of the main clause. If the subjects are different, we can use so + that-clause with the present simple tense or with the modal verbs may, can, will, might, could or would EXERCISES

A. Read the sentence and choose the one option which best fits the space. 1. I took some tablets rid of my headache a. to get b. to getting c. for get 2. Paul quit his job more time with his family a. for to spend b. so to spend c. so that he could spend 3. This liquid is good stains out of cotton clothes a. for getting b. for get c. for to get

4. When you visit the waterfall, it's a good idea to take a plastic coat you dry a. to keep b. to keeping c. keep 5. I got up really early I wouldn't miss my flight a. to b. for c. so that 6. I drink chamomile tea before I go to bed to sleep a. for go b. to help me go c. so that go
B. Match the beginnings of the sentences to the correct endings.