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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Contents

Contents
1 Network Application............................................................................................................ 1-3 2 Functions ................................................................................................................................ 2-3
2.1 Capacity .......................................................................................................................................2-3 2.1.1 Cross-Connect Capacity .....................................................................................................2-3 2.1.2 Access Capacity of Slots ....................................................................................................2-3 2.1.3 Service Access Capability ..................................................................................................2-3 2.2 Interface .......................................................................................................................................2-3 2.2.1 Service Interface.................................................................................................................2-3 2.2.2 Administration and Auxiliary Interfaces.............................................................................2-3 2.3 Built-in WDM Technology ..........................................................................................................2-3 2.4 110 V/220 V Power Supply..........................................................................................................2-3 2.5 Clock ............................................................................................................................................2-3 2.6 Protection .....................................................................................................................................2-3 2.6.1 Equipment Level Protection ...............................................................................................2-3 2.6.2 Network Level Protection...................................................................................................2-3 2.6.3 Adjustable MS Bandwidth..................................................................................................2-3 2.6.4 Squelching Function in Multiplex Section .........................................................................2-3 2.7 TCM.............................................................................................................................................2-3 2.8 NM Information Interworking .....................................................................................................2-3 2.8.1 Interworking at Physical Layer ..........................................................................................2-3 2.8.2 Interworking at Network Layer ..........................................................................................2-3

3 Hardware................................................................................................................................ 3-3
3.1 Cabinet .........................................................................................................................................3-3 3.2 Subrack ........................................................................................................................................3-3

4 Boards ..................................................................................................................................... 4-3


4.1 Type..............................................................................................................................................4-3 4.2 Slot ...............................................................................................................................................4-3 4.2.1 Slot Layout .........................................................................................................................4-3 4.2.2 SDH Processing Board .......................................................................................................4-3 4.2.3 PDH Processing Board .......................................................................................................4-3

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4.2.4 Data Processing Board .......................................................................................................4-3

5 Software ................................................................................................................................. 5-3


5.1 Overview......................................................................................................................................5-3 5.2 NE Software.................................................................................................................................5-3 5.3 Board Software ............................................................................................................................5-3 5.4 NM System ..................................................................................................................................5-3

6 Data Features ......................................................................................................................... 6-3


6.1 Ethernet ........................................................................................................................................6-3 6.1.1 Function..............................................................................................................................6-3 6.1.2 Application .........................................................................................................................6-3 6.1.3 Protection............................................................................................................................6-3 6.2 RPR Features ...............................................................................................................................6-3 6.2.1 Function..............................................................................................................................6-3 6.2.2 Application .........................................................................................................................6-3 6.2.3 Protection............................................................................................................................6-3 6.3 ATM Features...............................................................................................................................6-3 6.3.1 Functions ............................................................................................................................6-3 6.3.2 Application .........................................................................................................................6-3 6.3.3 Protection............................................................................................................................6-3 6.4 SAN Features ...............................................................................................................................6-3

7 Intelligent Features ............................................................................................................... 7-3


7.1 Topology Auto-Discovery............................................................................................................7-3 7.1.1 Control Topology Auto-Discovery .....................................................................................7-3 7.1.2 Service Topology Auto-Discovery .....................................................................................7-3 7.2 End-to-End Configuration............................................................................................................7-3 7.3 Mesh Networking Protection and Restoration .............................................................................7-3 7.4 Service Level Agreement .............................................................................................................7-3 7.4.1 Diamond Services...............................................................................................................7-3 7.4.2 Gold Services......................................................................................................................7-3 7.4.3 Silver Services ....................................................................................................................7-3 7.4.4 Copper Services..................................................................................................................7-3 7.4.5 Iron Services.......................................................................................................................7-3 7.5 Service Association......................................................................................................................7-3 7.6 Tunnel Services............................................................................................................................7-3 7.7 Service Optimization....................................................................................................................7-3 7.8 Equilibrium of Network Traffic ...................................................................................................7-3 7.9 Shared Risk Link Group ..............................................................................................................7-3 7.10 Conversion Between Static Services and ASON Services.........................................................7-3 7.11 Restoring Network-Wide Service Routes to Original Routes....................................................7-3

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8 Protection ............................................................................................................................... 8-3


8.1 Equipment Level Protection.........................................................................................................8-3 8.1.1 TPS Protection for Service Processing Boards...................................................................8-3 8.1.2 1+1 Hot Backup for the SCC Unit, Cross-Connect Unit and Timing Unit ........................8-3 8.1.3 1+1 Hot Backup for the Power Input Unit .........................................................................8-3 8.1.4 1+1 Protection for ATM Boards .........................................................................................8-3 8.1.5 Protection for the Wavelength Conversion Unit.................................................................8-3 8.1.6 1:N Protection for the +3.3 V Board Power Supply ...........................................................8-3 8.1.7 Intelligent Fans ...................................................................................................................8-3 8.1.8 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection ...........................................................................8-3 8.2 Network Level Protection ............................................................................................................8-3 8.2.1 Basic Networking Modes ...................................................................................................8-3 8.2.2 SDH Trail Protection ..........................................................................................................8-3 8.2.3 SNCP ..................................................................................................................................8-3 8.2.4 Protection for Interworking Service on Rings....................................................................8-3 8.2.5 Fiber-Shared Virtual Trail Protection .................................................................................8-3 8.2.6 MS-Shared Protection Ring................................................................................................8-3

9 OAM ....................................................................................................................................... 9-3


9.1 Operation and Maintenance .........................................................................................................9-3 9.2 Administration..............................................................................................................................9-3

10 OptiX OSN 2500 REG ....................................................................................................... 10-3


10.1 Function ...................................................................................................................................10-3 10.2 System Configuration ..............................................................................................................10-3 10.2.1 Hardware Configuration.................................................................................................10-3 10.2.2 Board and Slot ................................................................................................................10-3 10.2.3 Fiber Connection ............................................................................................................10-3

11 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................. 11-3


11.1 Interface Type...........................................................................................................................11-3 11.2 Optical Interface Performance .................................................................................................11-3 11.2.1 SDH Optical Interface ....................................................................................................11-3 11.2.2 Ethernet Optical Interface...............................................................................................11-3 11.2.3 ATM Optical Interface ....................................................................................................11-3 11.3 Electrical Interface Performance..............................................................................................11-3 11.4 Clock Performance...................................................................................................................11-3 11.4.1 Clock Interface Type.......................................................................................................11-3 11.4.2 Timing and Synchronization Performance .....................................................................11-3 11.5 Transmission Performance .......................................................................................................11-3 11.6 Timeslot Number......................................................................................................................11-3 11.7 Power Supply Parameters ........................................................................................................11-3

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11.8 Power Consumption and Weight of Boards .............................................................................11-3 11.9 Electromagnetic Compatibility ................................................................................................11-3 11.10 Environmental Index..............................................................................................................11-3 11.11 Environment Requirement .....................................................................................................11-3 11.11.1 Environment for Storage...............................................................................................11-3 11.11.2 Environment for Transportation....................................................................................11-3 11.11.3 Environment for Operation...........................................................................................11-3

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Figures

Figures
Figure 1-1 Appearance of the OptiX OSN 2500 ...............................................................................1-3 Figure 1-2 Application of the OptiX OSN 2500 in the network .......................................................1-3 Figure 2-1 Access capacity of each slot before division of the three slots........................................2-3 Figure 2-2 Access capacity of each slot after division of the three slots...........................................2-3 Figure 2-3 NM information transparently transmitted by third party equipment .............................2-3 Figure 2-4 The NM information of the third party equipment is transparently transmitted .............2-3 Figure 2-5 The NM information transparently transmitted by the third party equipment.................2-3 Figure 2-6 The NM information of the third party equipment is transparently transmitted .............2-3 Figure 2-7 Transparent transmission of NM information by the third party equipment (OSI) .........2-3 Figure 2-8 Transparent transmission of NM information of third party equipment (OSI) ...............2-3 Figure 3-1 Appearance of the ETSI cabinet ......................................................................................3-3 Figure 3-2 Structure of the OptiX OSN 2500 subrack......................................................................3-3 Figure 4-1 System architecture of the OptiX OSN 2500 ..................................................................4-3 Figure 4-2 Slot layout before division of the slots ............................................................................4-3 Figure 4-3 Slot layout after division of the slots...............................................................................4-3 Figure 5-1 Software system structure of the OptiX OSN 2500.........................................................5-3 Figure 6-1 The EPL service based on port ........................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-2 The EVPL service port +VLAN ......................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-3 The EVPL service............................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-4 Layer 2 switching of Ethernet service .............................................................................6-3 Figure 6-5 Application of EVPLAN service .....................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-6 LCAS adjusts bandwidth dynamically ............................................................................6-3 Figure 6-7 LCAS protects the virtual concatenation group ..............................................................6-3 Figure 6-8 RPR ring ..........................................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-9 Spatial reuse ....................................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-10 Fairness algorithm when the weight is 1 .......................................................................6-3

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Figures

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Figure 6-11 Fairness algorithm when the weights are different ........................................................6-3 Figure 6-12 EVPL accessing, forwarding and stripping ...................................................................6-3 Figure 6-13 EVPL service convergence............................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-14 EVPLAN service ...........................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-15 Wrapping protection ......................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-16 Steering protection.........................................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-17 Wrapping+steering protection .......................................................................................6-3 Figure 6-18 Application of Band exclusive ATM Services...............................................................6-3 Figure 6-19 VP/VC-Ring ..................................................................................................................6-3 Figure 7-1 Control topology auto-discovery.....................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-2 Service topology auto-discovery .....................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-3 End-to-end service configuration ....................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-4 Trail restoration ...............................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-5 A diamond service ...........................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-6 A gold service ..................................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-7 A silver service ................................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-8 Association services.........................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-9 Tunnel services ................................................................................................................7-3 Figure 7-10 Traffic equilibrium.........................................................................................................7-3 Figure 8-1 End to end conversion of a unprotected trail to a SNCP-protected trail .........................8-3 Figure 8-2 Fiber-shared virtual trail protection.................................................................................8-3 Figure 8-3 MS-shared protection ring...............................................................................................8-3 Figure 8-4 Two lower-speed lines share one higher-speed line ........................................................8-3 Figure 8-5 Sharing protection under the lines with the same speed..................................................8-3 Figure 10-1 Functional block diagram of the REG.........................................................................10-3 Figure 10-2 Hardware configuration of the REG............................................................................10-3 Figure 10-3 Fiber connection when there is one REG ....................................................................10-3 Figure 10-4 Fiber connection when there are multiple REGs.........................................................10-3

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Tables

Tables
Table 2-1 Cross-connect capacity......................................................................................................2-3 Table 2-2 Maximum service access capacity ....................................................................................2-3 Table 2-3 The service interfaces........................................................................................................2-3 Table 2-4 The administration and auxiliary interfaces ......................................................................2-3 Table 2-5 Equipment level protection ...............................................................................................2-3 Table 2-6 The maximum number of MS rings protection supported by the OptiX OSN 2500.........2-3 Table 3-1 Technical parameters of the ETSI cabinet.........................................................................3-3 Table 3-2 Technical parameters of the 19 inch standard cabinet.......................................................3-3 Table 4-1 Constituent boards and functions of units .........................................................................4-3 Table 4-2 MSP Paired slots of the OptiX OSN 2500 ........................................................................4-3 Table 4-3 Correspondence between the slots for processing boards and those for interface boards.4-3 Table 4-4 SDH processing boards and their available slots ..............................................................4-3 Table 4-5 The SDH interface boards and their available slots ..........................................................4-3 Table 4-6 The PDH processing boards and their available slots .......................................................4-3 Table 4-7 The PDH interface boards and their available slots ..........................................................4-3 Table 4-8 The data processing boards and their available slots.........................................................4-3 Table 4-9 The Ethernet interface boards and their available slots.....................................................4-3 Table 6-1 The function list of EFS4, EFS0 and EGS2 ......................................................................6-3 Table 6-2 The function list of EGT2, EFT8 and EFT4......................................................................6-3 Table 6-3 EMR0 function list ............................................................................................................6-3 Table 6-4 RPR service class ..............................................................................................................6-3 Table 6-5 Functions of the ADL4 and ADQ1 boards ........................................................................6-3 Table 6-6 Functions of the IDL4 and IDQ1 ......................................................................................6-3 Table 6-7 Supportable ATM service and traffic types of the OptiX OSN 2500 ................................6-3 Table 6-8 Classification of ATM protection ......................................................................................6-3 Table 6-9 Functions of the MST4 board............................................................................................6-3

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Tables

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Table 6-10 Services and rates provided by the MST4.......................................................................6-3 Table 7-1 Service level ......................................................................................................................7-3 Table 7-2 Description of multiplex section using by ASON service.................................................7-3 Table 8-1 Basic networking modes ...................................................................................................8-3 Table 10-1 The OptiX OSN 2500 REG function list.......................................................................10-3 Table 10-2 The OptiX OSN 2500 REG optical interfaces ..............................................................10-3 Table 11-1 Interface types ...............................................................................................................11-3 Table 11-2 Performances of the STM-1 optical interface................................................................11-3 Table 11-3 Performances of the STM-4 optical interface................................................................11-3 Table 11-4 Performances of the STM-16 optical interface..............................................................11-3 Table 11-5 Performances of the STM-16 optical interface (FEC)...................................................11-3 Table 11-6 Performance of the STM-16 and STM-64 fixed wavelength optical interface .............11-3 Table 11-7 The nominal central wavelength and frequency of the STM-16 optical interfaces. ......11-3 Table 11-8 Performance of the STM-64 optical interface ...............................................................11-3 Table 11-9 Specifications of Ethernet optical interface...................................................................11-3 Table 11-10 Specifications of ATM optical interface ......................................................................11-3 Table 11-11 Performance of the PDH electrical interface ...............................................................11-3 Table 11-12 Clock features..............................................................................................................11-3 Table 11-13 Timing and synchronization performance ...................................................................11-3 Table 11-14 Transmission performance...........................................................................................11-3 Table 11-15 Numbering of TU-12s in a VC-4 (type I) ....................................................................11-3 Table 11-16 Numbering of TU-12s in a VC-4 (type II, ITU-T G.707) ............................................11-3 Table 11-17 Power supply parameters of the OptiX OSN 2500......................................................11-3 Table 11-18 Power consumption of boards .....................................................................................11-3 Table 11-19 EMC test indices..........................................................................................................11-3 Table 11-20 Environmental indices .................................................................................................11-3 Table 11-21 Climate environment for storage .................................................................................11-3 Table 11-22 Density for mechanical active substances ...................................................................11-3 Table 11-23 Density for chemical active substances .......................................................................11-3 Table 11-24 Requirements for mechanical stress ............................................................................11-3 Table 11-25 Climate environment for transportation ......................................................................11-3 Table 11-26 Density for mechanical active substances ...................................................................11-3

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Table 11-27 Density for chemical active substances .......................................................................11-3 Table 11-28 Requirements for mechanical stress ............................................................................11-3 Table 11-29 Requirements for temperature and humidity ...............................................................11-3 Table 11-30 Other climate requirements .........................................................................................11-3 Table 11-31 Density for mechanical active substances ...................................................................11-3 Table 11-32 Density for chemical active substances .......................................................................11-3 Table 11-33 Requirements for mechanical stress ............................................................................11-3

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

1 Network Application

1
n n n n n n n

Network Application

This chapter describes application of the OptiX OSN 2500 in the transmission network. The OptiX OSN 2500 is new generation equipment developed by Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd (hereinafter referred to as Huawei). The OptiX OSN 2500 integrates the following technologies. Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) Ethernet Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) Plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) Storage area network (SAN) Digital video broadcasting (DVB)

Figure 1-1 shows the appearance of the OptiX OSN 2500.

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1 Network Application

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Figure 1-1 Appearance of the OptiX OSN 2500

Figure 1-2 shows how the OptiX OSN 2500 is applied in the transmission network. The OptiX OSN 2500 is mainly used at the convergence layer and the access layer of the MAN. It can interconnect with the following equipments.
n n n n

OptiX OSN 9500 OptiX OSN 7500 OptiX OSN 3500 OptiX OSN 1500

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OptiX OSN 9500 OptiX OSN 3500 OptiX OSN 7500

1 Network Application

Backbone layer

OptiX OSN 2500

OptiX OSN 3500

Convergence layer

OptiX OSN 1500

OptiX OSN 2500

Access layer

GSM/CDMA/ WCDMA

PSTN

Ethernet

...

ATM

SAN

Figure 1-2 Application of the OptiX OSN 2500 in the network

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2 Functions

2
n n n n n n n n

Functions

This chapter introduces the functions of the OptiX OSN 2500 as follows. Capacity Interface Built-in WDM Technology 110 V/220 V Power Supply Clock Protection TCM NM Information Interworking

2.1 Capacity
2.1.1 Cross-Connect Capacity
Table 2-1 shows the cross-connect capacity of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 2-1 Cross-connect capacity
Cross-connect and timing board Higher order cross-connect capacity Lower order cross-connect capacity Access capacity

Q1CXL1 Q1CXL4 Q1CXL16 Q2CXL1

20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4) 20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4) 20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4) 20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4)

5 Gbit/s (32 x 32 VC-4) 5 Gbit/s (32 x 32 VC-4) 5 Gbit/s (32 x 32 VC-4) 20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4)

18.75 Gbit/s(120 x 120 VC-4) 18.75 Gbit/s (120 x 120 VC-4) 18.75 Gbit/s (120 x 120 VC-4) 18.75 Gbit/s (120 x 120 VC-4)

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2 Functions Cross-connect and timing board Higher order cross-connect capacity

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description Lower order cross-connect capacity Access capacity

Q2CXL4 Q2CXL16

20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4) 20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4)

20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4) 20 Gbit/s (128 x 128 VC-4)

18.75 Gbit/s (120 x 120 VC-4) 18.75 Gbit/s (120 x 120 VC-4)

2.1.2 Access Capacity of Slots


Slots 5, 6 and 7 in the OptiX OSN 2500 subrack can be divided into smaller slots as needed. Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2 give the access capacity of each slot before and after division of the three slots, respectively.

Fibre routing PIU SLOT22 FAN SLOT24 FAN SLOT25 PIU SLOT23

Figure 2-1 Access capacity of each slot before division of the three slots

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1.25Gbit/s

622Mbit/s

622Mbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

S L O T 1

S L S S S O L L L T O O O 5 T T T 2 3 4

S S S S S L L L L L O O O O O T T T T T 6 7 8 9 10

S L O T 11

S L O T 12

S L O T 13

S L S S S O L L L T O O O 14 T T T 1 1 1 S 5 6 7 A P

S L O T 1 8

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S 1 9 S 2 0 S 2 1

2 Functions

1.25Gbit/s

622Mbit/s

622Mbit/s

Fibre routing PIU SLOT22 FAN SLOT24 FAN SLOT25 PIU SLOT23

Figure 2-2 Access capacity of each slot after division of the three slots

2.1.3 Service Access Capability


The capacity of services that the OptiX OSN 2500 can access varies with the type and quantity of the configured boards. Table 2-2 lists the maximum capacity of the OptiX OSN 2500 for accessing different services.
Table 2-2 Maximum service access capacity
Service type Maximum access ports of a single subrack

STM-16 standard or concatenated services STM-4 standard or concatenated services STM-1 standard services STM-1 (electrical) services E4 services E3/T3 services E1/T1 services Fast Ethernet (FE) services Gigabit Ethernet (GE) services STM-4 ATM services STM-1 ATM services Enterprise systems connection (ESCON)

1.25Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

2.5Gbit/s

S L O T 1

S L O T 2

S L O T 3

S L O T S 4 5

S S S L L L O O O T T T 8 9 10

S L O T 11

S L O T 12

S L O T 13

S 6

S 7

S L S S S O L L L T O O O 14 T T T 1 1 1 S 5 6 7 A P

1.25Gbit/s

622Mbit/s

622Mbit/s

S L O T 1 8

6 24 74 38 16 33 252 80 14 7 28 26

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2 Functions Service type

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description Maximum access ports of a single subrack

Fibre channel (FC50) Fibre connection (FICON)/FC100 FC200 Digital video broadcast asynchronous serial interface (DVB-ASI)

20 9 9 4

Note: The OptiX OSN 2500 only supports one of the maximum access capacities listed above at a time.

2.2 Interface
2.2.1 Service Interface
The service interfaces of the OptiX OSN 2500 are shown in Table 2-3.
Table 2-3 The service interfaces
Interface Description

SDH service interface

75 ohm STM-1 electrical interface with SMB connector STM-1 optical interfaces: I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, L-1.2, Ve-1.2 STM-4 optical interfaces: I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, L-4.2, Ve-4.2 STM-16 optical interfaces: I-16, S-16.1, L-16.1, L-16.2, L-16.2Je, V-16.2Je, U-16.2Je(CXL16 can not provide L-16.2Je, V-16.2Je, U-16.2Je interface) STM-16 optical interfaces: support fixed wavelength output, so they can directly interconnect with WDM equipment STM-16 optical interfaces (out-of-band FEC): Ue-16.2c, Ue-16.2d, Ue-16.2f

PDH service interface

75/120 ohm E1 electrical interface 100 ohm T1 electrical interface 75 ohm E3, T3 and E4 electrical interfaces

Ethernet service interface ATM service interface

10/100Base-TX, 100Base-FX, 1000Base-SX, 1000Base-LX, 1000Base-ZX STM-1 ATM optical interface: Ie-1, S-1.1, L-1.1 STM-4 ATM optical interface: S-4.1, L-4.1 E3 ATM interface: accessed by the PD3/PL3/PL3A board IMA E1 interface: accessed by the PQ1/PQM/R1PD1 board

Storage area network (SAN) service interface

FC50, FC100/FICON, FC200, ESCON service optical interface

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Video service interface

DVB-ASI service optical interface

& Note Ue-16.2c, Ue-16.2d, Ue-16.2f, Le-64.2, Ls-16.2, L-16.2Je, V-16.2Je, U-16.2Je, Ve-1.2, Ve-4.2 are technical specifications defined by Huawei.

2.2.2 Administration and Auxiliary Interfaces


The administration and auxiliary interfaces of the OptiX OSN 2500 are shown in Table 2-4.
Table 2-4 The administration and auxiliary interfaces
Interface Description

Administration interface

One RS-232 remote maintenance interface (OAM) Four broadcast data interfaces (S1-S4) One 64 kbit/s codirectional data path interface (F1) Ethernet network management (NM) interface (ETH) One administration serial interface (F&f)

Orderwire interface Clock interface

One orderwire phone interface Two SDH network node interface (NNI) voice interfaces. Two 75 ohm external clock interfaces (2048 kbit/s or 2048 kHz) Two 120 ohm external clock interfaces (2048 kbit/s or 2048 kHz)

Alarm interface Eight alarm input interfaces Four alarm output interfaces Four cabinet alarm indicator output interfaces Concatenated alarm interface

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

2.3 Built-in WDM Technology


The OptiX OSN 2500 provides MR2 board and LWX board to implement built-in WDM technology. There are three types of the MR2 board.
n n n

MR2A board MR2B board MR2C board

They are identical in function but installed in different slots. These boards have the following characteristics.
n

The MR2 board adds or drops two adjacent standard wavelengths compliant with ITU-T G.692 (DWDM), with signals transmitted transparently and operating wavelength ranging from 1535.82 nm to 1560.61 nm. The MR2 board serves as an optical terminal multiplexer (OTM) station adding/dropping two channels of signals. Two MR2 boards connected in serial can form an OTM station adding/dropping four channels. The MR2 board can work with the LWX to form an optical add/drop multiplexer (OADM) station adding/dropping two channels of signals. The LWX board converts client-side signals into ITU-T G.692 (DWDM) compliant standard wavelength signals and transmit the signals transparently. The LWX board provides 3R function to client-side uplink/downlink signals (at the rate of 10 Mbit/s2.7 Gbit/s), performs clock recovery and monitors its rate. Two types of LWX board are available: one is single-fed single receiving, and the other is dual-fed signal selection. The dual-fed signal selection LWX board supports intra-board protection, realizing optical channel protection with one board. The protection switching time is less than 50ms. The single-fed single receiving LWX board supports inter-board protection, that is, 1+1 inter-board hot backup protection. The protection switching time is less than 50ms.

2.4 110 V/220 V Power Supply


The OptiX OSN 2500 supports the 110 V/220 V power supply through uninterrupted power module (UPM). The UPM is used to convert 110 V/220 V AC into 48 V DC, to provide power supply for the OptiX OSN 2500. A UPM consists of power boxes and storage batteries. The output power of each UPM is 2 x 270 W. The power box measures 438 mm (W) x 240 mm (D) x 44 mm (H). The OptiX OSN 2500 needs two power boxes. The storage battery of the OptiX OSN 2500 consists of four 12 V-40 Ah storage batteries. The dimensions of each battery are 197 mm x 165 mm x 170 mm. If the AC fails, the storage battery can sustain four hours.

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2 Functions

2.5 Clock
The OptiX OSN 2500 supports clock functions below.
n n n n n

Supports synchronization status message (SSM) protocol. Supports tributary retiming. Support two 75 ohm external clock interfaces (2048 kbit/s or 2048 kHz). Support two 120 ohm external clock interfaces (2048 kbit/s or 2048 kHz). When tracing tributary clock sources, the network element can only tracing the first port (corresponding to the first physical port) or the second port (corresponding to the ninth physical port) on the T2000 of PQ1, PQM or R1PD1. When tracing tributary clock sources, the network element can only tracing the first port (corresponding to the first physical port ) or the second port (corresponding to the fourth physical port ) on the T2000 of PD3 When tracing tributary clock sources, the network element can only tracing the first port (corresponding to the first physical port) on the T2000 of PL3.

2.6 Protection
2.6.1 Equipment Level Protection
Table 2-5 shows the equipment level protection provided by the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 2-5 Equipment level protection
Items protected Protection scheme

E1 processing board E1/T1 processing board E3/T3 processing board E4/STM-1 processing board STM-1 electrical processing board Ethernet processing board N2EFS0 ATM processing board Cross-connect and timing unit SCC unit 48 V power interface board Arbitrary bit rate wavelength conversion board LWX

1:N (N4) tributary protection switching (TPS) 1:N (N4) TPS 1:1 TPS 1:1 TPS 1:1 TPS 1:1 TPS 1+1 hot backup protection 1+1 hot backup protection 1+1 hot backup protection 1+1 hot backup protection Intra-board protection and inter-board protection (1+1)

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description Protection scheme

+3.3 V board power supply

1:N centralized backup protection

2.6.2 Network Level Protection


The OptiX OSN 2500 supports the following protection:
n n n n n

Four-fibre multiplex section protection (MSP) ring Two-fibre multiplex section protection (MSP) ring Linear MSP MS-shared protection ring Sub-network connection protection (SNCP)

Table 2-6 shows the maximum number of MS rings protection supported by the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 2-6 The maximum number of MS rings protection supported by the OptiX OSN 2500
Protection scheme Max. number of MS rings protection supported

STM-16 four-fiber MS ring protection

STM-16 two-fiber MS ring protection 3 STM-4 four-fiber MS ring protection STM-4 two-fiber MS ring protection 5 10

2.6.3 Adjustable MS Bandwidth


In terms of MSP, the OptiX OSN 2500 supports bandwidth adjustment by VC-4, that is, for an STM-16 ring, its MS bandwidth can change from one VC-4 to eight VC-4s.

2.6.4 Squelching Function in Multiplex Section


Each protection time slot in multiplex section protection ring is shared by traffic from different segments or occupied by extra traffic. With no extra traffic in the ring, and under the situation that a certain node is isolated because of multiple points failure, traffic from different segments of the same time slot may contend for the same protection channel time slot. This brings misconnection of traffic. With extra traffic in the ring, and even under the situation of a single nodes failure, traffic from working channel may contend for the time slot of protection channel carrying extra traffic. This also brings misconnection.

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2 Functions

To prevent misconnection, every node of the OptiX OSN 2500 has a detailed connection table. Every node knows the source point and endpoint of each VC-12, VC-3, or VC-4 (VC-12 or VC-3 connections must have the same source point and endpoint). Such information helps APS protocol to tell possible misconnections in advance. Traffic with the potentiality of misconnection is discarded through inserting TU_AIS or AU_AIS. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports the squelching of misconnected VC-12, VC-3 and VC-4 traffic in 2-fiber or 4-fiber MS ring protection. VC-12 or VC-3 connections must have the same source point and endpoint.

2.7 TCM
Tandem connection monitor (TCM) is a method monitoring bit errors. If a VC-4 passes through several networks, the bit errors of each section can be monitored through TCM. The N2SL1, N2SLQ1, N2SL4, N2SLD4, N2SLQ4 and N2SL16 boards support TCM at higher level.

2.8 NM Information Interworking


2.8.1 Interworking at Physical Layer
NM Information Transparently Transmitted by a Third Party Equipment
The DCC consists of two parts:
n n

D1D3 bytes, forming a 192 kbit/s channel D4D12 bytes, forming a 576 kbit/s channel

Currently, only the D1D3 bytes are used. The D4D12 bytes are reserved for higher management requirements. When there is a third party equipment between the OptiX OSN 2500 systems, the bytes D4D12 will be used by the third party equipment to transmit the NM information, as shown in Figure 2-3.

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Third party equipment

Third party equipment

Transparent transmission

D1-D3

D1-D3

Figure 2-3 NM information transparently transmitted by third party equipment

The NM Information of the Third Party Equipment is Transparently Transmitted


The NM information of the third party equipment can be transmitted by bytes D4D12 of the OptiX OSN 2500, as shown in Figure 2-4.

D1-D3

Transparent transmission

D1-D3

Third party equipment

Third party equipment

Figure 2-4 The NM information of the third party equipment is transparently transmitted

2.8.2 Interworking at Network Layer


IP Over DCC
The scheme of IP over DCC uses the network layer protocol for NM information transmission. IP over DCC has two networking topologies as shown in Figure 2-5 Figure 2-6.

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Third party equipment

IP over DCC

Third party equipment

Figure 2-5 The NM information transparently transmitted by the third party equipment

Third party equipment

Third party equipment

IP over DCC

Third party equipment Third party equipment

Figure 2-6 The NM information of the third party equipment is transparently transmitted

OSI over DCC (TP4)


OSI over DCC adopts standard OSI protocols (also called TP4) to transmit NM information at network layer. For OSI over DCC, there are two networking modes.
n

One is the NM information of the OptiX OSN 2500 is transparently transmitted by the third party equipment through OSI over DCC, as shown in Figure 2-7. The other is the NM information of the third party equipment is transparently transmitted by the OptiX OSN 2500, as shown in Figure 2-8.

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OSI protocol stack

Third party equipment

OSI protocol stack OSI Over DCC Third party equipment

OSI protocl stack

Figure 2-7 Transparent transmission of NM information by the third party equipment (OSI)

Third party equipment

Third party equipment OSI protocol stack OSI protocol stack

OSI Over DCC

Third party equipment OSI protocol stack Third party equipment

Figure 2-8 Transparent transmission of NM information of third party equipment (OSI)

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3 Hardware

3
n n

Hardware

This chapter describes the hardware structure of the OptiX OSN 2500, including the appearance and parameters of the cabinet, and the subrack structure. It covers: Cabinet Subrack

3.1 Cabinet
The OptiX OSN 2500 can be installed in the ETSI cabinet or a 19 inch standard cabinet. Table 3-1 shows the technical parameters of the ETSI cabinet. Figure 3-1 shows how the ETSI cabinet looks.
Table 3-1 Technical parameters of the ETSI cabinet
Size (mm) Weight (kg) The number of configured subrack

600 (W) x 300 (D) x 2000 (H) 600 (W) x 600 (D) x 2000 (H) 600 (W) x 300 (D) x 2200 (H) 600 (W) x 600 (D) x 2200 (H) 600 (W) x 300 (D) x 2600 (H) 600 (W) x 600 (D) x 2600 (H)

55 79 60 84 70 94

2 2 3 3 4 4

Table 3-2 Technical parameters of the 19 inch standard cabinet


Size (mm) Weight (kg)

600 (W) x 600 (D) x 2000 (H) 600 (W) x 600 (D) x 2200 (H)

90 110

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H W D

Figure 3-1 Appearance of the ETSI cabinet

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3.2 Subrack
The size of the OptiX OSN 2500 subrack is 472 mm (H) x 447 mm (W) x 295 mm (D). A single empty subrack weighs 17 kg. The structure of OptiX OSN 2500 subrack is shown in Figure 3-2.
2 1

H W D 3. Processing board area

1. Auxiliary interface area 4. PIU area

2. Interface board area 5. Fan area

Figure 3-2 Structure of the OptiX OSN 2500 subrack

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4 Boards

4
n n

Boards

This chapter introduces the board types of the OptiX OSN 2500, and the slots in which they can be installed. It includes two sections: Type Slot

4.1 Type
The OptiX OSN 2500 consists of the following units.
n n n n n n n n

SDH interface unit PDH interface unit Ethernet interface unit Cross-Connect unit Timing unit SCC unit Overhead processing unit Auxiliary interface unit

Figure 4-1 shows the system architecture of the OptiX OSN 2500, while Table 4-1 shows the constituent boards and functions of each unit.

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PDH/Ethernet/ATM Interface Unit

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Cross Connect Matrix

SDH Interface Unit Synchronous timing Unit Overhead Processing Unit

STM-N Optical Signal

PDH Signal Ethernet Signal ATM Signal

Figure 4-1 System architecture of the OptiX OSN 2500 Table 4-1 Constituent boards and functions of units
Unit Constituent board Function

Auxiliary Interface Unit

SCC Unit

SDH interface unit

Processing board

SL16, SF16, SLQ4, SLD4, SL4, SLT1, SLQ1, SL1, R1SLD4, R1SL4, R1SLQ1, R1SL1, SEP1 EU08, OU08, EU04 TSB8, TSB4

Interface board Protection switching board PDH interface unit Processing board Interface board

Access and process STM-1/STM-4/STM-16 optical signals and VC4-4c/VC4-16c concatenated signals; Access and process STM-1 electrical signals, and conduct TPS protection for them.

SPQ4, PD3, PL3, Access and process E1, E1/T1, PL3A, PQ1, PQM, E3/T3 and E4/STM-1 electrical R1PD1 signals, and conduct TPS protection for them. MU04, D34S, D75S, D12S, D12B TSB8, TSB4

Protection switching board Ethernet interface unit Processing board

EGS2, EGT2, EFS0, EFS4, EFT8, EFT4 ETS8 (Support TPS), ETF8, EFF8

Access and process 1000Base-SX/LX/ZX, 100Base-FX, 10/100Base-TX signals. Access 10/100Base-TX, 100Base-FX Ethernet signals.

Interface board

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4 Boards

Resilient Packet ring unit

Processing board

EMR0, EGR2

Access and process 1000Base-SX/LX/ZX, 100Base-FX, 10/100Base-TX signals. Support resilient packet ring. Access 10/100Base-TX, 100Base-FX Ethernet signals. Access and process STM-4, STM-1 and E3 ATM signals. Access and transparently transmit SAN service, video service. Add/drop and multiplex any two adjacent wavelengths. Realize the wavelength conversion between X-rate client wavelength and ITU-T G.692 standard wavelength. Integrate STM-1/STM-4/STM-16 line processing unit, cross-connect unit, timing unit and SCC unit.

Interface board ATM interface unit SAN interface unit WDM unit

ETF8, EFF8 ADL4, ADQ1, IDL4, IDQ1 MST4 MR2A, MR2B, MR2C LWX

SDH cross-connect matrix unit Synchronous timing unit SCC unit SDH interface unit System auxiliary process unit Overhead processing unit Power input unit

Q1CXL16, Q1CXL4, Q1CXL1, Q2CXL16, Q2CXL4, Q2CXL1 SAP

Provide orderwire phone, inter-board communication and PMU functions. Access power supply and protect the equipment against abnormal power. UPM can transform 110 V/220 V AC into 48 V DC. Provide the system auxiliary interface. Dissipate heat for the system. Amplify and pre-amplify the optical power.

PIU, UPM

Extended interface board Fan unit Optical booster amplifier board

SEI FAN BA2, BPA, 61COA, 62COA, N1COA

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4.2 Slot
4.2.1 Slot Layout
Figure 4-2 and Figure 4-3 show the slot layout of the OptiX OSN 2500.
S S S S S 1 2 3 4 5 S 6 S S 7 8 S 9 S 1 0 S 1 1 S 1 2 S 1 3 S S S S S 1 1 1 1 1 4 5 6 7 8

C X L 1/ 4/ 16

C X L 1/ 4/ 16

S A P

PIU SLOT22

Fibre routing FAN FAN SLOT24 SLOT25

PIU SLOT23

Figure 4-2 Slot layout before division of the slots

S S S S S 1 2 3 4 1 9

S 2 0

S S 2 8 1

S 9

S 1 0

S 1 1

S 1 2

S 1 3

S S S S S 1 1 1 1 1 4 5 6 7 8

S 5

S 6

S 7

C X L 1/ 4/ 16

C X L 1/ 4/ 16

S A P

PIU SLOT22

Fibre routing FAN FAN SLOT24 SLOT25

PIU SLOT23

Figure 4-3 Slot layout after division of the slots

Table 4-2 shows the MSP paired slots of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 4-2 MSP Paired slots of the OptiX OSN 2500
Cross connect capacity Paired slots

Before division of the slots

(slot 6, slot 13), (slot 7, slot 12) , (slot 8, slot 11) , (slot 9, slot 10)

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4 Boards

After division of the slots

(slot 5, slot 19) , (slot 6, slot 20) , (slot 7, slot 21) , (slot 8, slot 11) , (slot 9, slot 10)

Table 4-3 shows the correspondence between the slots for interface boards and those for processing boards.
Table 4-3 Correspondence between the slots for processing boards and those for interface boards
Before division of slot Slot for processing board Slot for corresponding interface board After division of slot Slot for processing board Slot for corresponding interface board

Slot 6 Slot 12 Slot 7 Slot 13

Slot 1, 2 Slot 15, 16 Slot 3, 4 Slot 17, 18

Slot 6 Slot 7 Slot 20 Slot 21

2 4 1 3

4.2.2 SDH Processing Board


Table 4-4 shows the SDH processing boards and their available slots. Table 4-5 shows the SDH interface boards and their available slots.
Table 4-4 SDH processing boards and their available slots
Board Full name Slots Outlet mode Interface type Connector

SL16

1 x STM-16 optical interface board

Slots 78, 1112

Led out from Support fixed the front wavelength output panel and I-16, S-16.1, L-16.1, L-16.2, L-16.2Je, V-16.2Je, U-16.2Je Led out from Support fixed the front wavelength output panel and Ue-16.2c, Ue-16.2d, Ue-16.2f Led out from I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, the front L-4.2, Ve-4.2 panel

LC

SF16

1 x STM-16 optical interface board (with FEC) 4 x STM-4 optical interface board

Slots 78, 1112

LC

SLQ4

Slots 78, 1112

LC

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SLD4

2 x STM-4 optical interface board 1 x STM-4 optical interface board 12 x STM-1 optical interface board 4 x STM-1 optical interface board 1 x STM-1 optical interface board 2 x STM-4 optical interface board (half-height) 1 x STM-4 optical interface board(half-height) 4 x STM-1 optical interface board(half-height) 1 x STM-1 optical interface board(half-height) 2 x STM-1 electrical processing board 8 x STM-1 electrical processing board

Slots 78, 1113 Slots 58, 1113 Slots 58, 1113 Slots 58, 1113 Slots 58, 1113 Slots 7, 21

Led out from I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, the front L-4.2, Ve-4.2 panel Led out from I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, the front L-4.2, Ve-4.2 panel Led out from I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, the front L-1.2, Ve-1.2 panel Led out from I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, the front L-1.2, Ve-1.2 panel Led out from I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, the front L-1.2, Ve-1.2 panel Led out from I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, the front L-4.2, Ve-4.2 panel Led out from I-4, S-4.1, L-4.1, the front L-4.2, Ve-4.2 panel Led out from I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, the front L-1.2, Ve-1.2 panel Led out from I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1, the front L-1.2, Ve-1.2 panel Led out from 75 ohm STM-1 the front electrical interface panel

LC

SL4

LC

SLT1(Not e1) SLQ1

LC

LC

SL1

LC

R1SLD4

LC

R1SL4

Slots 57, 1921 Slots 57, 1921 Slots 57, 1921 Slots 58, 1113 Slots 67, 1213

LC

R1SLQ1

LC

R1SL1

LC

SEP1 (Note2) SEP (Note2)

SMB

Led out from S-1.1 optical LC, SC and the interface interface and 75 ohm SMB board STM-1 electrical interface Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel LC

BA2

Optical booster amplifier board Optical booster & pre-amplifier board

Slots 58, 1113 Slots 58, 1113

BPA

LC

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61COA

Case shaped EDFA optical amplifier unit Case shaped raman amplifier unit Case shaped preamplifier unit

External

Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel Led out from NA the front panel From the front panel I-16, S-16.1, L-16.1 and L-16.2

SC

62COA

External

SC, E2000

N1COA

External

SC

MR2A

2-channel optical Slots 58, add/drop multiplexing 1113 board 2-channel optical Slots 57, add/drop multiplexing 1921 board 2-channel optical Slots 14, add/drop multiplexing 1518 board Arbitrary bit rate wavelength conversion unit STM-16 optical interface, cross-connect, timing and SCC unit STM-4 optical interface, cross-connect, timing and SCC unit STM-1 s optical interface, cross-connect, timing and SCC unit Slots 58, 1113 Slots 9, 10

LC

MR2B

LC

MR2C

LC

LWX

LC

CXL16 (Note3)

LC

CXL4 (Note3)

Slots 9, 10

From the front panel

S-4.1, L-4.1, L-4.2 and Le-4.2

LC

CXL1 (Note3)

Slots 9, 10

From the front panel

S-1.1, L-1.1, L-1.2 and Le-1.2

LC

Note1: If SLT1 is inserted in Slot 5 or 6, only four optical interfaces can be used. If N1SLT1 is inserted in Slot 8, only eight optical interfaces can by used. Note 2: The N1SEP1 and N1SEP are the boards of the same type. They used with the interface board when they are configured as "N1SEP" on the T2000, or the signal is directly led out from the front panel when they are configured as "N1SEP1". Note 3: The CXL is a line, system control, cross-connect and timing board of the OptiX OSN 2500. It seats in slot 9 and slot 10. On the T2000, it is displayed as three board types: CXL, SCC and SL1/4/16, respectively occupying the logic slots 8081, 8283 and 910.

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& Note One OptiX OSN 2500 subrack can configure one 61COA, N1COA or 62COA.

Table 4-5 The SDH interface boards and their available slots
Board Full name Slots available Interface type Companion board

N1EU08 N1OU08 N2OU08 N1EU04 N1TSB8

8 x STM-1 electrical interface board 8 x STM-1 optical interface board 8 x STM-1 optical interface board 4 x STM-1 electrical interface board 8 x electrical interface switching & bridging board 4 x electrical interface switching & bridging board

3, 15, 17 3, 15, 17 3, 15, 17 1, 3, 15, 17 1, 17

SMB LC SC SMB None

Used together with the N1SEP Used together with the N1SEP Used together with the N1SEP Used together with N1SEP Used together with the N1SEP and N1EU08/N1EU04 Used together with N1SEP and N1EU04

N1TSB4

1, 17

None

4.2.3 PDH Processing Board


Table 4-6 shows the PDH processing boards and their available slots. Table 4-7 shows the PDH interface boards and their available slots.
Table 4-6 The PDH processing boards and their available slots
Board Full name Slots available Outlet mode Interface type Connector

SPQ4

4 x E4/STM-1 electrical processing board 6 x E3/T3 processing board 3 x E3/T3 processing board 3 x E3/T3 processing board 63 x E1 processing board

Slots 67, 1213 Led out from the interface board Slots 67, 1213 Led out from the interface board Slots 67, 1213 Led out from the interface board Slots 58, 1113 Led out from the front panel Slots 57, 1213 Led out from the interface board

75 ohm E4/STM-1 electrical interface 75 ohm E3/T3 electrical interface 75 ohm E3/T3 electrical interface 75 ohm E3/T3 electrical interface 120 ohm and 75 ohm E1 interface

SMB

PD3 PL3 PL3A PQ1

SMB SMB SMB DB44

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PQM

63 x T1/E1 processing board 32 x E1 processing board (sub-slot)

Slots 57, 1213 Led out from the interface board Slots 57, 1921 Led out from the interface board

120 ohm E1 interface and 100 ohm T1 interface 75 ohm or 120 ohm E1 interface

DB44

R1PD 1

DB44

Table 4-7 The PDH interface boards and their available slots
Board Full name Slots available Interface type Companion board

MU04 D34S C34S D75S D12S D12B (Note) TSB8

4 x E4/STM-1 mixed electrical interface board 6 x E3/T3 PDH interface switching board 3x E3/T3 PDH interface switching board 32 x 75 ohm E1/T1 PDH interface switching board

Slots 1, 3, 5, 17 Slots 1, 3, 5, 17 Slots 1, 3, 5, 17 Slots 1-4, 15-18

SMB SMB SMB DB44 DB44 DB44 None

Used with SPQ4 Used with PD3 Used with PL3 Used with PQ1 and PD1 Used with PQ1, PD1, or PQM Used with PQ1, PD1, or PQM Used with PL3/PD3/SPQ4 and C34S/D34S/MU04 Used with PL3 and C34S

32 x 120 ohm E1/T1 PDH Slots 1-4, 15-18 interface switching board 32 x E1/T1 PDH interfaces board 8 x PDH interface switching & bridging board 4 x PDH interface switching & bridging board Slots 1-4, 15-18 Slots 1, 17

TSB4

Slots 1, 17

None

Note: D12B do not support tributary protection switch.

4.2.4 Data Processing Board


Table 4-8 shows the data processing boards and their available slots. Table 4-9 shows the data interface boards and their available slots.

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& Note The numbers in the bracket behind the slots means the maximum bandwidth of the board after inserted in the corresponding slot.
Table 4-8 The data processing boards and their available slots
Board Full name Slots Outlet mode Interface type Connector

N1EGS2

2-port Gigabit Ethernet switching processing board with Lanswitch 2-port Gigabit Ethernet switching processing board with Lanswitch

78, 1113 (1.25 Gbit/s) 5, 6 (622 Mbit/s) 78, 1112 (2.5 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 1000BASE-S front panel X/LX/ZX Led out from the 1000BASE-S front panel X/LX/ZX

LC

N2EGS2

LC

N1EFS0

Fast Ethernet processing board with Lanswitch Fast Ethernet processing board with Lanswitch

67, 1213 (622 Mbit/s) 6(622 Mbit/s) 7, 12,13 (1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100BASEinterface board TX, 100BASE-FX Led out from the 10/100BASEinterface board TX, 100BASE-FX

RJ-45, LC

N2EFS0

RJ-45, LC

N1EFS4

4-port 10/100 Mbit/s fast Ethernet processing board with Lanswitch 2-port Gigabit Ethernet transparent transmission board

58, 1113 (622 Mbit/s) 5, 6(622 Mbit/s) 78, 1112 (2.5 Gbit/s) 13(1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100BASEfront panel TX

RJ-45

N1EGT2

Led out from the 1000BASE-S front panel X/LX/ZX

LC

N1EFT8

8-port 100M Fast Ethernet transparent transmission board(no interface board)

5, 6(622 Mbit/s) 78, 1113 (1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100Base-T front panel X

RJ-45

16-port 100M Fast Ethernet transparent transmission board(interface board)

7, 12 ,13 (1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100Base-T front panel and X, interface board 100Base-FX

RJ-45, LC

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R1EFT4

4-port 100M Fast Ethernet transparent transmission board

5, 6, 19, 20 (622 Mbit/s) 7, 21(2.5 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100Base-T front panel X

RJ-45

N1/N2 EMR0

4x 10/100 Mbit/s electrical-port and 1 x 1000 Mbit/s optical-port RPR processing board

5, 6(622 Mbit/s) 78, 1112 (2.5 Gbit/s) 13(1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100BASEfront panel TX, 100BASE-FX , 1000BASE-S X/LX/ZX

RJ-45, LC

12 x 10/100 Mbit/s electrical-port and 1 x 1000 Mbit/s optical-port RPR processing board

6(622 Mbit/s) 7, 12(2.5 Gbit/s) 13 (1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the 10/100BASEfront panel and TX, interface board 100BASE-FX , 1000BASE-S X/LX/ZX Led out from the 1000Base-SX front panel /LX/ZX

RJ-45, LC

N2EGR2

2-port GE processing board with RPR function

5, 6(622 Mbit/s) 78, 1112 (2.5 Gbit/s) 13(1.25 Gbit/s)

LC

N1ADL4

1 x STM-4 ATM processing 58, 1113 board (1.25 Gbit/s) 4 x STM-1 ATM processing 58, 11-13 board (1.25 Gbit/s) 1 x STM-4 ATM service processing board with IMA 5, 6(622 Mbit/s) 78, 1113 (1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the S-4.1, L-4.1, front panel L-4.2, Ve-4.2 Led out from the I-1, S-1.1, front panel L-1.1, L-1.2, Ve-1.2 Led out from the S-4.1, L-4.1, front panel L-4.2, Ve-4.2

LC

N1ADQ1

LC

N1IDL4

LC

N1IDQ1

4 x STM-1 ATM service processing board with IMA

5, 6(622 Mbit/s) 78, 1113 (1.25 Gbit/s)

Led out from the I-1, S-1.1, front panel L-1.1, L-1.2, Ve-1.2

LC

N1MST4

4 x multi-service (SAN, Video) transparent

5, 6(622 Mbit/s)

Led out from the front panel

LC

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transmission board

78, 1112 (2.5 Gbit/s) 13(1.25 Gbit/s)

Table 4-9 The Ethernet interface boards and their available slots
Board Full name Slots available Interface type Companion board

ETF8 EFF8 ETS8 TSB8

8 x 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet twisted pair interface board 8 x 100 Mbit/s Ethernet optical interface board 8 x 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface switching board 8 x PDH interface switching & bridging board

Slots 1, 3, 15, 17 Slots 1, 3, 15, 17 Slots 1, 3, 15, 17 Slots 1, 17

RJ-45 LC RJ-45 NA

Used with EFS0, EMR0 and EFT8 Used with EFS0, EMR0 and EFT8 Used together with N2EFS0 and EMR0 Used together with N2EFS0 and ETS8

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5 Software

5
5.1 Overview
NM software

Software

The software system of the OptiX OSN 2500 is of modular structure, as shown in Figure 5-1. The software system include three modules: board software, NE software and NM software, respectively run on various boards, SCC board and NM computer for corresponding functions.

NE Software

Board Software

Figure 5-1 Software system structure of the OptiX OSN 2500

5.2 NE Software
The NE software is used to manage, monitor and control the operation of the boards of an NE. Through the NE software, the communication unit between the NM system and boards, the NM system can control and manage NEs. According to ITU-T Recommendation M.3010, the NE software belongs to the unit management layer in the telecommunication management network, implementing the functions including NE functions, some of coordination functions and operating system functions of the network unit layer. The data communication function implements the communication between the NE and other equipment (including coordinated equipment, NM system, and other NEs).

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Real-time multi-task operating system

The function of the real-time multi-task operating system of the OptiX OSN 2500 NE software is to manage public resources and provide support for the executive program. It can provide an executive environment unrelated to processor hardware by segregating the application from the processor.
n

Network side (NS) module

The NS module is between the communication module and equipment management module. It converts the data format between the user operation side on the application layer and the NE equipment management layer, and provides security control for the NE layer. It can be divided into three sub-modules functionally: Qx interface module, command line interface module and security management module.
n

Equipment administration module (AM)

The equipment AM is the kernel of the NE software for implementing NE management. It includes Manager and Agent. Administrator can send network management operation commands and receive events. Agent can respond to the network management operation commands sent by the network administrator, implement operations to the managed object and submit events according to status change of the managed object. The equipment AM includes configuration management module, performance management module, alarm management module and MSP switching management module.
n

Communication module

This module fulfills the message communication function (MCF) of the functional blocks of the transmission network equipment. Through the hardware interface provided by the SCC board, the communication module transmits the OAM&P information and exchanges management information between the NM system and NEs, and between NEs themselves. It consists of network communication module, serial communication module and ECC communication module.
n

Database management module

This module is an organic component of the NE software, composed of database and management system. Database comprises several sub databases, including network database, alarm database, performance database and equipment database. The management system manages and accesses the data in the database.

5.3 Board Software


The board software runs on each board, managing, monitoring and controlling the operation of the board. It receives the command issued from the NE software and reports the board status to the NE software through performance and alarm events.

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Its specific functions include: alarm management, performance management, configuration management and communication management and so on. It can directly control the functional circuits in corresponding boards and implement ITU-T compliant specific functions of the NE. The board software can be classified into the following types: line software or tributary software, cross-connect software, clock software and orderwire software.

5.4 NM System
The NM system implements a unified management over the optical transmission network, and maintains all ION, SDH, Metro, DWDM NE equipment in the network. In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation, it is a network management system integrating standard management information model and object-oriented management technology. It exchanges information with NE software through the communication module to implement monitoring and management over the network equipment. The NM software runs on a workstation or PC, managing the equipment and the transmission network. It enables the user to operate, maintain and manage the transmission equipment. The management functions of the NM software include:
n

Alarm management: Collect, prompt, filter, browse, acknowledge, check, clear, and statistics in real time; fulfill alarm insertion, alarm correlation analysis and fault diagnosis. Performance management: Set performance monitoring; browse, analyze and print performance data; forecast medium-term and long-term performance; and reset performance register. Configuration management: Configure and manage interfaces, clocks, services, trails, subnets and time. Security management: NM user management, NE user management, NE login management, NE login lockout, NE setting lockout and local craft terminal (LCT) access control of the equipment. Maintenance management: Provide loopback, board resetting, automatic laser shutdown (ALS) and optical fiber power detection, and collect equipment data to help the maintenance personnel in troubleshooting.

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6
n n n n

Data Features

This chapter introduces the data features provided by the OptiX OSN 2500. It covers: Ethernet RPR ATM SAN

6.1 Ethernet
This section introduces the Ethernet features of the OptiX OSN 2500 in terms of function, application and protection.

6.1.1 Function
The OptiX OSN 2500 provides the Ethernet boards EFS4, EFS0, EGS2. EGT2, EFT8 and EFT4 to meet different Ethernet service requirements. Table 6-1 and Table 6-2 list the basic functions of these boards.
Table 6-1 The function list of EFS4, EFS0 and EGS2
Function N1EFS4 N1EFS0 N2EFS0 N1EGS2 N2EGS2

Number of ports Interface type

4 FE 10Base-T 100Base-TX

8 FE 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, 100Base-FX

8 FE 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, 100Base-FX

2 GE 1000Base-SX, 1000Base-LX , 1000Base-ZX None

2 GE 1000Base-SX , 1000Base-LX , 1000Base-ZX None

Used with interface board

None

ETF8, EFF8

N1ETS8 (cooperating with TSB8 to realize 1:1 TPS), ETF8, EFF8

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Service frame format JUMBO frame Maximum uplink bandwidth Mapping mode

Ethernet II, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.1 q/p Supported, 9600 bytes 4 VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv (x"63), VC-3-xv (x"12) 12 Supported Supported Supported Supported 4VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv (x"63), VC-3-xv (x"12) 12 Supported Supported Supported Supported 8 VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv (x"63), VC-3-xv (x"12) 24 Supported Supported Supported Supported 8 VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv (x"63), VC-3-xv (x"12) 24 Supported Supported Supported Not Supported Supports MartiniOE label Supported Supports MartiniOE label Supported Supports MartiniOE label Supported Not Supported Not Supported Supports MartiniOE label Supported 16VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv (x"63), VC-3-xv (x"12) 48 Supported Supported Supported Supported

Number of VCTRUNKs Ethernet private line (EPL) Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) Ethernet private LAN (EPLAN) Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLAN) Static MPLS label

Stack VLAN

VLAN Spanning tree

IEEE 802.1q/p Supported Supported Supported Not Supported Supported

Rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP) Multicast (IGMP Snooping) Encapsulation LCAS (Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme)

Supported Supported

Supported Supported

Supported Supported

Supported Not Supported

Supported Supported

Generic framing procedure (GFP-F), compliant with ITU-T G.7041 Supported, compliant with ITU-T 7042 Supported, compliant with ITU-T 7042 Supported, compliant with ITU-T 7042 Not Supported Supported, compliant with ITU-T 7042

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description N1EGS2 N2EGS2

Port aggregation (in one board) CAR Link state pass through (LPT) Flow control Test frame Ethernet performance monitoring

Supported

Supported

Supported

Supported

Supported

Based on port, VLAN or port + VLAN, with the granularity of 64 kbit/s. Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported

Supported, compliant with IEEE802.3X Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported

Table 6-2 The function list of EGT2, EFT8 and EFT4


Function EGT2 EFT8 EFT4

Number of ports Interface type

2 x GE 1000Base-SX, 1000Base-LX, 1000Base-ZX None

16 x FE 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, 100Base-FX

4 x FE 10Base-T, 100Base-TX

Used with interface board

Support 8 x FE if not None used with the interface board; support 16 x FE if used with interface boards ETF8 and EFF8. Ethernet II, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.1QTAG Ethernet II, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.1QTAG Supports, 9600 bytes 4 VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv(x"63 ), VC-3-xv(x"3) 4

Service frame format

Ethernet II, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.1QTAG Supports, 9600 bytes 16 VC-4 VC-3, VC-4, VC-3-xv(x"24), VC-4-xv(x"8) 2

JUMBO frame Uplink bandwidth Mapping mode

Supports, 9600 bytes 8 VC-4 VC-12, VC-3, VC-12-xv(x"63), VC-3-xv(x"3) 16

Number of VCTRUNKs

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Ethernet service type

Support EPL, not EVPL, EPLAN and EVPLAN

Support EPL, not EVPL, Support EPL, not EVPL, EPLAN and EVPLAN EPLAN and EVPLAN Not supports Transparent transmission GFP, LAPS, HDLC Not Supports ITU-T G.7042 Not supports IEEE 802.3X Supports Supports Not supports Transparent transmission GFP, LAPS, HDLC Not Supports ITU-T G.7042 Not supports IEEE 802.3X Supports Supports

Static MPLS label VLAN Encapsulation format LPT LCAS CAR Flow control Test frame Ethernet performance monitoring

Not supports Transparent transmission GFP, LAPS, HDLC Not Supports ITU-T G.7042 Not supports IEEE 802.3X Supports Supports

6.1.2 Application
The OptiX OSN 2500 integrates the access of Ethernet services on the SDH transmission platform, so it can transmit both the voice service and data service.

EPL Service
(1) EPL service based on port EPL implements the point-to-point transparent transmission of Ethernet service. As shown in Figure 6-1, the Ethernet services of different NEs are transmitted to the destination node through their respective VCTRUNKs. The Ethernet service is provided with a perfect SDH self-healing ring (SHR) protection scheme, and its reliable transmission is thus guaranteed.

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NE 4 1 4 NE 1 2 5 3 NE 2

SHR

NE 3

Traffic flow

Figure 6-1 The EPL service based on port

(2) EPL service based on port +VLAN EVPL services are isolated through VLAN tags during bandwidth sharing. As shown in Figure 6-2, flow classification is performed for the Ethernet service according to the port and VLAN ID to distinguish different VLANs of Company A and B. Up to two priorities can be set according to the flow classification result. For security purpose, the OptiX OSN 2500 isolates services of different users by VLAN. In the figure below, VLAN 1 of Company A shares a VCTRUNK with VLAN 11 of Company B, VLAN 2 of Company A shares a VCTRUNK with VLAN 12 of Company B, and VLAN 3 of Company A shares a VCTRUNK with VLAN 13 of Company B. All services of Company A are converged to NE1 and output from the FE/GE interface of the NE1, and then are sent to the Lanswitch for further processing.
Headquarters of Company A
VLAN 3 VLAN 2 VLAN 11 VLAN 12

Headquarters of Company B

VLAN 1

VLAN 13

NE 1
VLAN 1 VLAN 3

NE 2

3 2

Branch SHR
VLAN 11

NE 4
VLAN 13

Branch

NE 3

VLAN 2

VLAN 12

Traffic flow

Branch

Figure 6-2 The EVPL service port +VLAN

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EVPL Service
The OptiX OSN 2500 adopts the Martini modes to construct the multi-protocol label switching (MPLS) Layer 2 VPN and provide EVPL service. The EVPL service offers point-to-point connection and implements service convergence for users. As shown in Figure 6-3, the system will search the Port + Vlan ID table for the external label (Tunnel) and internal label (VC), and add them to the accessed Ethernet frames. Data transfer in the network is based on the MPLS label, which switched at the label switch path (LSP). Then, the data will be transmitted to the NE4 equipment, which strips the MPLS label and transfers the data to the corresponding port. The OptiX OSN 2500 integrates the function of P equipment and PE equipment.

Company A 60 70 NE1
Corp A Port A Port B

Company A 10 20 Data Data NE2 61 71 10 20 Data Data NE3 62 72 10 20 Data Data NE4
Port A Port B

Tunnel label switching Company B

Tunnel label switching

Tunnel label switching Company B

L2 MPLS network composed by OptiX OSN Products


Company Tunnel Label VC Label Data

A B
...

60 70
...

10 20
...

... ...
...

NE4 strips the MPLS lables and Transfers the frame to corresponding ports

Figure 6-3 The EVPL service

EPLAN Service
The OptiX OSN 2500 supports Layer 2 switching of Ethernet data. For example, the EPLAN service, which can be transferred according to their destination media access control (MAC) addresses. As shown in Figure 6-4, respective LANs of Company A and B are connected to four NEs. The Ethernet service between the NEs is not of a fixed point-to-point type. For example, a user of Company A connecting to NE3 may want to communicate with users of Company A connecting to other three NEs. That is, the flow direction of services is not definite. The Ethernet Layer 2 switching function provided by the OptiX OSN 2500 can be employed to solve such a problem. For example, an Ethernet MAC address transfer table will be formed in the system when the relevant settings are made to NE3. The system can learn to periodically update the table. Then, the data of Company A and B accessed at NE3 will be transmitted to their destinations over different VCTRUNKs selected according to their MAC transfer table or over the same VCTRUNK. In this way, the system configuration is significantly simplified and the bandwidth utility is improved. In addition, the corresponding maintenance and management becomes convenient for the operator.

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Company A Company B

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

NE1

NE2 Company A SHR 3

NE4 Company A

Company B

NE3

Company B

M AC Addr ess MAC 1 MAC 2 MAC 3

VC- Tr unk NE1 NE4 NE2 ! "

n Company A Company B

Traffic flow

Figure 6-4 Layer 2 switching of Ethernet service

EVPLAN Service
The OptiX OSN 2500 adopts the Martini MPLS Layer 2 VPN encapsulation format to support the Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLAN) service. EVPLAN service implements the multipoint-to-multipoint connection of user sites. Users regard the EVPLAN network as a big VLAN where the user service can be converged. As shown in Figure 6-5, when the users Ethernet frame (the source address is MAC H, and the destination address is MAC A, B or C) enters the PE equipment, the system will search the Layer 2 transfer table for the internal label (VC label). Then, the frame is transferred to the corresponding tunnel, where it is attached with the external label (tunnel label). Thus, different LSPs are set up according to different addresses. The MPLS labels are switched at the LSP. And then transferred to the corresponding PE equipment, where the tunnel and VC labels are striped. After that, the Ethernet frame is transferred to the corresponding output port according to the Layer 2 MAC transfer table.

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MPLS Core Address = MAC C

6 Data Features

PE

P Address = MAC A PE Branch A LSP3 LSP1 PE

Branch C

Address = MAC B

PE Branch B

LSP2 Transferd to corresponding port via the Layer 2 route table Address = MAC H

Source MAC H MAC H MAC H

Sink MAC A MAC B MAC C

Tunnel Label

VC Label

LSP

1 2 3

10 20 30

LSP1 LSP2 LSP3 Headquarters

Figure 6-5 Application of EVPLAN service

6.1.3 Protection
The Ethernet service of the OptiX OSN equipment takes the protection of several levels, including:
n n n

Protection of LCAS 1:1 TPS of N2EFS0 Protection of optical transmission layer, such as MSP and SNCP

LCAS
LCAS provides an error tolerance mechanism, enhancing the reliability of virtual concatenation. It has the following functions:
n

Configure the system capacity, add or reduce the number of VC involved in the virtual concatenation and change the service bandwidth dynamically without damaging the service. Protect and recover failed members.

As shown in Figure 6-6, LCAS can add or delete members to increase or decrease the bandwidth dynamically without affecting the service.

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I want another 10 M bandwidth.

MSTP network Member

Member Branch

Headquarters

Member

Member Branch New member

Headquarters

MSTP

Figure 6-6 LCAS adjusts bandwidth dynamically

As shown in Figure 6-7, LCAS can protect the Ethernet service. When some members fail, the failed members will be deleted automatically. While other members remain transmitting data normally. When the failed members are available again, they will be recovered automatically, and the data will be loaded to them again.
MSTP network Member

Member Branch Failed member

Headquarters

Member

Member Branch Delete failed member

Headquarters

MSTP

Figure 6-7 LCAS protects the virtual concatenation group

STP/RSTP
The Ethernet boards support spanning tree protocol (STP) and rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP). The RSTP protects the link by restructuring the topology. When

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the RSTP is started, it can modify the logic network topology to avoid broadcast storms.

1:1 TPS of N2EFS0


Ethernet processing board N2EFS0 supports two 1:1 TPS protection groups.

MSP and SNCP


Ethernet service is protected by MSP or SNCP in optical transmission layer.

6.2 RPR Features


This section introduces the RPR features of the OptiX OSN 2500 in terms of function, application and protection.

6.2.1 Function
The EMR0 and EGR2 boards of the OptiX OSN 2500 supports resilient packet ring (RPR) features defined by IEEE 802.17. RPR employs a dual-ring structure utilizing a pair of unidirectional counter-rotating rings, as shown in Figure 6-8. Both the outer ring and the inner ring bear data packets and control packets, featuring high bandwidth utilization. The control packets on the inner ring carry control information for the data packets on the outer ring, and the control packets on the outer ring carry control information for the data packets on the inner ring. The two rings act as backup and protection for each other.
Node 1

Outer ring data Outer ring control

Node 2

2.5 Gbit/s RPR

Node 4

Inner ring data Inner ring control

Node 3

Figure 6-8 RPR ring

EMR0 and EGR2 Function List


Table 6-3 lists the basic functions of the EMR0 and EGR2.

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Table 6-3 EMR0 function list


Function N1EMR0 N2EMR0 N2EGR2

Port number Service frame format JUMBO frame Maximum uplink bandwidth Mapping granule Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLAN) Static MPLS label stack VLAN VLAN

1 GE+12 FE

1 GE+12 FE

2 GE

Ethernet II, IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.1QTAG Supported, 9600 bytes 16 VC-4 (2.5 Gbit/s) VC-3, VC-3-2v, VC-4, VC-4-xv (X"8) Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported

Supports MartiniOE label Supported Supports 4096 VLAN labels, as well as the adding, and deletion of VLAN labels, compliant with IEEE 802.1q/p. Supported Supported

Supports MartiniOE label Supported

Supports MartiniOE label Supported

Supports 4096 VLAN labels, as well as the adding, deletion and exchange of VLAN labels, compliant with IEEE 802.1q/p.

Rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP) Multicast (IGMP Snooping) RPR protection

Supported Supported

Supported Supported

Steering, Wrapping, Wrapping + Steering The switching time is less than 50ms.

Encapsulation

The GFP-F as stated in ITU-T G.7041 is supported. LAPS, compliant with ITU-T X.86. Supports LCAS and complies with ITU-T G.7042. N1EMR0 supports CAR based on port or port + VLAN with the granularity of 64 kbit/s. N2EMR0 and N2EGR2 support CAR based on port, port + VLAN, or port + VLAN + Priority with the granularity of 64 kbit/s.

LCAS CAR

Flow control

Supports flow control and complies with IEEE802.3X.

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Port aggregation (within the board) Weighted fairness algorithm Topology discovery Maximum node number Service class

Not supported Supported Supported 255

Supported Supported Supported 255

Supported Supported Supported 255

A0, A1, B_CIR, B_EIR and C

Service Class
The user service has three classes, A, B and C. Class A falls into A0 and A1 on the RPR ring. Class B falls into B_CIR (Committed Information Rate) and B_EIR (Excess Information Rate). Table 6-4 gives the difference of these classes.
Table 6-4 RPR service class
Class Sub-class Bandwidth Jitter Fair algorithm Application

A0 A1

Allocated, irreclaimable Allocated, reclaimable Allocated, reclaimable Opportunistic Opportunistic

Low Low medium High High

Irrelevant Irrelevant Irrelevant Relevant Relevant

Real time Real time Near real time Near real time Best effort

B_CIR B_EIR

Topology Discovery
The topology discovery function realizes the plug and play feature, for the function provides reliable method to discover the network nodes and their variation. To increase or decrease the total bandwidth of an RPR, use the LCAS function. The LCAS features adding and reducing bandwidth dynamically without affecting existing services.

Spatial Reuse
The stripping of unicast frames at the destination station realizes spatial reuse on an RPR. As shown in Figure 6-9, the bandwidth of a ring is 1.25 Gbit/s. Traffic 1

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transferred from node 1 to node 4 is stripped from the ring at the destination node 4. After the arrival of traffic 1 at node 4, traffic 2 can be transferred from node 4 to node 3, by occupying the link capacity that would have been occupied by traffic 1 if it is not stripped at node 4.
Node 1 Traffic 1 1.25 Gbit/s

Node 2

Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR

Node 4

Bandwidth of single ring is 1.25Gbit/s Node 3

Traffic 2 1.25 Gbit/s

Figure 6-9 Spatial reuse

Fairness Algorithm
The outer ring and the inner ring of an RPR support independent weighted fairness algorithm. The fairness algorithm assures access of the low-class B_EIR and C services. The weight of the fairness algorithm is provisionable to decide the access rate of a node. A node needs to set weights at the outer and the inner rings, and the two weights decide the bandwidth of low-class services upon bandwidth contention. As shown in Figure 6-10, the outer ring weights of nodes 2, 3 and 4 are 1. Suppose the available bandwidth on the outer ring for low-class services is 1.2 Gbit/s, the fairness algorithm will allocate 400 Mbit/s for the low-class services from nodes 2, 3 and 4 to node 1 respectively. Figure 6-11 shows a fairness algorithm with different weights: the weights of nodes 2, 3 and 4 on the outer ring are 1, 3 and 2 respectively. The fairness algorithm allocates 200 Mbit/s for node 2, 600 Mbit/s for node 3 and 400 Mbit/s for node 4.

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3 2 Node 2 Node 3 1 Node 1

Node Node2 Node3 Node4

Weight 1 1 1

Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 4 Node 6 Traffic Node 5 1 2 3 Bandwidth 400 Mbit/s 400 Mbit/s 400 Mbit/s

Figure 6-10 Fairness algorithm when the weight is 1

3 2 Node 2 1 Node 3 Node 1

Node Node2 Node3 Node4

Weight 1 3 2

Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 4 Node 5 Node 6 Traffic 1 2 3 Bandwidth 400 Mbit/s 600 Mbit/s 200 Mbit/s

Figure 6-11 Fairness algorithm when the weights are different

6.2.2 Application
The EMR0 board supports the application of EVPL and EVPLAN services.

EVPL
The EVPL service supports traffic classification based on port or port + VLAN, and encapsulates and forwards the traffic in the form of MPLS MartiniOE. Figure 6-12 illustrates the accessing, forwarding and stripping of a unidirectional EVPL service. Node 2 inserts Tunnel and VC labels to the packet, sends it to the RPR. Node 3 forwards the packet and the destination node 4 strips it. Figure 6-13 illustrates the EVPL service convergence, implementing traffic classification through port + VLAN, so that services can be concentrated at the GE port of node 1.

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Node 1 Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR FE/GE Node 2 Node 4 FE/GE

LSP Action Tunnel VC Destination Insertion 100 100 Node 4 Node 3

Action Tunnel VC

Stripping 100 100

Action

Forwarding

Figure 6-12 EVPL accessing, forwarding and stripping

VLAN 2

VLAN 3

Traffic Port1+VLAN 2 Port1+VLAN 3

Tunnel 200 300 400

VC 200 300 400

Destination Node 2 Node 3 Node 4

VLAN 4

Port1+VLAN 4 GE

Node 1

VLAN 2

FE Node 2 Node 4 Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 3

FE

VLAN 4

FE
VLAN 3

Figure 6-13 EVPL service convergence

EVPLAN
The EVPLAN service supports traffic classification based on port or port + VLAN, and encapsulates and forwards the traffic in the form of stack VLAN. The EVPLAN service is realized by creating virtual bridge (VB) in the board. VB supports source MAC address learning and static MAC route configuration. Figure 6-14 shows an example of EVPLAN service. The VB of each node determines the forward port of packets and the destination node through address learning, rpr1 is the port to access packets to the RPR. For node 1, if the destination address is A1, the packet is forwarded through port 1; if the destination is A2, the packet is forwarded through port 2. If the destination is B1, B2 or C1, the packet is forwarded

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through port rpr1 to the RPR, added with a stack VLAN label being 100. Node 2 forwards packets in the same way.
A1 Port 2 Port 1 Node 1 B1 Dual-ring A2 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 2 B2 Port 2 MAC forwarding table of node 2 Node 3 MAC A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 Port rpr1 rpr1 port 1 port 2 rpr1 stack VLAN 100 100 none none 100 Node 4 MAC forwarding table of node 1 MAC A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 Port port 1 port 2 rpr1 rpr1 rpr1 stack VLAN none none 100 100 100

Port 1

Port 1 C1

Figure 6-14 EVPLAN service

6.2.3 Protection
The RPR service of the OptiX OSN equipment takes the protection of several levels, including:
n n n

Wrapping, steering and Wrapping + Steering Spanning tree and LCAS Protection of optical transmission layer, such as MSP and SNCP

Wrapping
If an equipment or facility failure is detected, the traffic is wrapped back to the opposite direction at the stations adjacent to the failure, connecting the outer ring with the inner ring. The protection switching time is less than 50ms. Though featuring fast protection switching, wrap protection wastes bandwidth. As illustrated in Figure 6-15, traffic is transferred from node 4 to node 1 through nodes 3 and 2. If there is a fiber cut between node 2 and node 3, they will wrap the traffic and connect the two rings together for protection.

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Node 2 Fiber cut Traffic flow

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

X
Node 3 Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 6 Node 1 Node 4

Node 5

Figure 6-15 Wrapping protection

Steering
For steering protection, a station shall not wrap a failed segment when a failure is detected. Instead, the source node will send traffic to the destination through a route avoiding the failed link. When there are not more than 16 nodes on the ring, the protection switching time is less than 50ms. The steering protection does not waste bandwidth, however, it needs longer switching time when the networking is in large scale and some data before setting up a route may be lost. Figure 6-16 illustrates an example of steering protection. Node 4 sends traffic to node 1 on the outer ring through nodes 3 and 2. If there is a fiber cut between node 2 and node 3, the topology discovery function can help the traffic be transferred to node 1 over the inner ring through nodes 5 and 6.
Node 2 Fiber cut

X
Node 3 Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 4 Traffic flow after switching

Traffic flow before switching

Node 1

Node 6

Node 5

Figure 6-16 Steering protection

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Wrapping+Steering
The protection method of wrapping+steering switches the services first in the way of wrapping upon a failure on the ring, to ensure the switching speed and minimum packet loss. After the topology discovery protocol updates the topology after the failure, steering method works to ensure that the services are sent to the destination node through the best path in the new topology, which minimizes the waste of bandwidth. Figure 6-17 shows an example of wrapping+steering protection. Before a failure occurs in the ring, the service from node 4 to node 1 passes through node 3 and node 2 and reaches node 1 along the outer ring. When a fiber cut is detected between node 2 and node 3, wrapping method takes effect. The service is looped back at nodes 2 and 3. After the topology discovery protocol updates the topology, steering method triggers a switching. The service passes through nodes 5 and 6 and reaches node 1 along the inner ring based on the new topology.

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Node 2 Fiber cut Traffic flow

X
Node 3 Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR Node 6 Node 1 Node 4

Node 5

Node 2

Fiber cut

Node 3

Dual-ring 2.5 Gbit/s RPR

Node 1

Node 4

Traffic flow after switching

Node 6

Node 5

Figure 6-17 Wrapping+steering protection

LCAS
LCAS adds and reduces the bandwidth dynamically, and protects the bandwidth. For details about LCAS, refer to "6.1.3 Protection".

RSTP
The RPR boards support rapid spanning tree protocol (RSTP). The RSTP protects the link by restructuring the topology. When the RSTP is started, it can modify the logic network topology to avoid broadcast storms.

MSP
Ethernet service is protected by MSP in optical transmission layer.
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6.3 ATM Features


This section describes the ATM features of the OptiX OSN 2500 in terms of functionality, application, and protection.

6.3.1 Functions
The OptiX OSN 2500 provides four types of ATM processing boards, ADL4, ADQ1, IDL4 and IDQ1. An ADL4 board can access and process one STM-4 ATM service and an ADQ1 board can access and process four STM-1 ATM services. When working with the PL3/PD3/PL3A board, the ADL4 board or ADQ1 board can access and process E3 ATM services. The functions of the two boards are listed in Table 6-5.
Table 6-5 Functions of the ADL4 and ADQ1 boards
Board Function ADL4 ADQ1

Front panel interface Optical interface specification Optical connector Optical module E3 ATM interface IMA Maximum uplink bandwidth ATM switching capability Mapping mode Processable service types Number of ATM connections Traffic type and QoS Supportable ATM multicast connections ATM protection (ITU-T I.630) OAM function (ITU-T I.610)

1 x STM-4 S-4.1, L-4.1, L-4.2 or Ve-4.2 LC SFP

4 x STM-1 I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1 L-1.2 or Ve-1.2

Accesses 12 x E3 services through the N1PD3, N1PL3, or PL3A board. Not supported Not supported

8 VC-4s, or 12 VC-3s + 4 VC-4s 1.2 Gbit/s 1.2 Gbit/s

VC-3, VC-4, or VC-4-xv (x"4) CBR, rt-VBR, nrt-VBR and UBR 2048 IETF RFC2514, ATM forum TM 4.0 Spatial multicast and logic multicast Unidirectional/Bidirectional 1+1, VP-Ring or VC-Ring AIS, RDI, LB (Loopback), CC (continuity check)

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An IDL4 board can access and process one STM-4 ATM service and an IDQ1 board can access and process four STM-1 ATM services. When working with the E1 processing board, the IDL4 board or IDQ1 board accesses and processes 63xE1 IMA service. The functions of the two boards are listed in Table 6-6.
Table 6-6 Functions of the IDL4 and IDQ1
Board Function N1IDL4 N1IDQ1

Front panel interface Optical interface specification Optical connector Optical module E3 ATM interface IMA (compliant with ATM Forum IMA 1.1 )

1 x STM-4 S-4.1, L-4.1, L-4.2 or Ve-4.2 LC SFP Not supported

4 x STM-1 I-1, S-1.1, L-1.1 L-1.2 or Ve-1.2

Not supported

Accesses and processes IMA service when working with the E1 processing board N1PQ1, N1PQM or R1PD1. Supports up to 63 IMA E1 services. Supports up to 32 IMA groups mapped to the ATM port, and each group supports 132 E1s. Supports up to 63 E1 links of none-IMA group mapped to ATM port. Supports maximum IMA multi-path delay 226ms.

Maximum uplink bandwidth ATM switching capability Mapping mode Service type Number of ATM connections Traffic type and QoS Supportable ATM multicast connections ATM protection (ITU-T I.630)

8 VC4, or 63 VC12 + 7 VC4 1.2 Gbit/s VC12, VC4, or VC4-xv (X"4) CBR, rt-VBR, nrt-VBR and UBR 2048 2048 1.2 Gbit/s

IETF RFC2514, ATM forum TM 4.0 Spatial multicast and logic multicast

Unidirectional/Bidirectional 1+1, VP-Ring, VC-Ring

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OAM function (ITU-T I.610) Board level 1+1 protection

AIS, RDI, LB (loopback), CC (continuity check) Supported, with switching time less than 1s

6.3.2 Application
Supportable Services and Traffic Types
The OptiX OSN 2500 supports CBR, rt-VBR, nrt-VBR, and UBR services rather than ABR services. CBR services apply to voice services, as well as video services and circuit simulation services of a constant bit rate. These services require guaranteed transmission bandwidth and latency. Rt-VBR services apply to audio and video services of a variable bit rate. Nrt-VBR services are mainly used for data transmission. UBR services are generally used for LAN simulation and file transmission. In terms of the supported service and traffic types, the OptiX OSN 2500 meets IETF RFC2514, ATM Forum TM 4.0 and ATM Forum UNI 3.1 recommendations, as shown in the Table 6-7.
Table 6-7 Supportable ATM service and traffic types of the OptiX OSN 2500
No. Traffic type Service type Parameter

1 2

atmNoTrafficDescriptor atmNoClpNoScr

UBR UBR.1 CBR

None Clp01Pcr Clp01Pcr Clp01Pcr, Clp0Pcr Clp01Pcr, Clp0Pcr Clp01Pcr, Clp01Scr, Mbs Clp01Pcr, Clp0Scr, Mbs Clp01Pcr, Clp0Scr, Mbs Clp01Pcr, Cdvt Clp01Pcr, Clp01Scr, Mbs, Cdvt Clp01Pcr, Cdvt Clp01Pcr, Cdvt Clp01Pcr, Cdvt

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

atmClpNoTaggingNoScr atmClpTaggingNoScr atmNoClpScr atmClpNoTaggingScr atmClpTaggingScr atmClpTransparentNoScr atmClpTransparentScr atmNoClpTaggingNoScr atmNoClpNoScrCdvt

CBR CBR nrt-VBR.1 nrt-VBR.2 nrt-VBR.3 CBR.1 rt-VBR.1 UBR.2 UBR CBR

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12 13 14

atmNoClpScrCdvt

rt-VBR.1

Clp01Pcr, Clp01Scr, Mbs, Cdvt Clp01Pcr, Clp0Scr, Mbs, Cdvt Clp01Pcr, Clp0Scr, Mbs, Cdvt

atmClpNoTaggingScrCdvt rt-VBR.2 atmClpTaggingScrCdvt rt-VBR.3

Application of Band Exclusive ATM Services


When the bandwidth is not shared, ATM services at the source and sink NEs are only processed at the ATM layer through the ATM service processing board. On intermediate NEs, only SDH timeslot pass-through is performed, without ATM layer processing. In this case, each ATM service has the whole VC-3/VC-4 channel to itself. The ATM services are converged at the central node and then multiplexed to an STM-1 or STM-4 optical port for output. As shown in the Figure 6-18, the 34 Mbit/s ATM services of NE1 and NE3 each occupy a VC-3 bandwidth. The 155 Mbit/s ATM service of NE2 occupies a VC-4 bandwidth alone. SDH timeslot pass-through is only performed at NE3. After they reach the central site NE4, they are converged through the ATM board and output through the 622 Mbit/s optical interface.
DSLAM 34M ATM Traffic Service Convergence NE 1 155M ATM Traffic NE 2 DSLAM NE 3 2.5 Gbit/s SDH Ring NE 4 Router

622M ATM Traffic

34M ATM Traffic DSLAM

Figure 6-18 Application of Band exclusive ATM Services

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Application of Band-Shared ATM Services


In shared rings VR-Ring and VC-Ring, the ATM services share the same bandwidth and are multiplexed statistically. The ATM services on each NE share the same VC (VC-3, VC-4, or VC-xv) and are all processed on ATM layer. As shown in the Figure 6-19, NE1 accesses E3 ATM traffic through the tributary board and sends it to the ATM board for ATM switching and protection (1+1/1:1) configuration. Then the traffic is encapsulated into VC-4-xv and sent to the line through the cross-connect board. NE2 accesses STM-1 ATM traffic through the optical interface and then implements ATM switching and protection configuration. The ATM traffic from NE1 is also dropped at NE2 for ATM layer processing. Then the locally accessed traffic and that from NE1 are encapsulated into the same VC-4-xv and sent to the next NE. The same goes at NE3 and NE4. A single VP/VC-Ring can have a maximum bandwidth of 300 Mbit/s.
The ATM traffic from NE1 DSLAM is droped to the NE2, then send to VP/VC-Ring after converged with local NE 1 service.

34M ATM Traffic

155M ATM Traffic VC4-Xv VP/VC-Ring DSLAM NE 2

NE 4

Router

622M ATM Traffic

NE 3

34M ATM Traffic

DSLAM

Figure 6-19 VP/VC-Ring

6.3.3 Protection
The ATM service of the OptiX OSN equipment is protected on many layers, including:
n n n

Protection on the ATM layer Protection on the optical transmission layer, such as MSP, and SNCP. 1+1 board level protection of IMA boards

Protection on the ATM Layer


Compliant with ITU-T Recommendation I.630, protection on the ATM layer can be classified into many types according to different classification method, as shown in the Table 6-8. You can select the configuration as required, for example, 1+1 bidirectional non-revertive protection".

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Table 6-8 Classification of ATM protection


Classification mode Types

Bridging function Switching direction Connection level Protection domain Revertiblility Protected object

1+1 protection/1:1 protection Unidirectional protection/Bidirectional protection VPC protection/VCC protection Trail protection/Subnetwork connection protection Revertive protection/Non-revertive protection Single connection protection/Group connection protection

Protection on the Optical Transmission Layer


The ATM service is also protected by the self-healing network on the optical transmission layer, such as MSP and SNCP. You can set the hold-off time for ATM protection switching. When network impairment occurs, the MSP or SNCP on lower layers can be switched first, thus achieving the protection of working ATM service (in this case, the protection switching on the ATM layer will not be activated).

1+1 Board Level Protection of IMA boards


The IDL4 and IDQ1 support the 1+1 board level protection. When configure 1+1 board level protection, the IDL4 and IDQ1 must be inserted in the paired the slots.

6.4 SAN Features


The OptiX OSN 2500 provides a multi-service transparent transmission processing board: MST4, to access and transmit transparently fiber channel (FC), fiber connection (FICON), enterprise systems connection (ESCON) and digital video broadcast asynchronous serial interface (DVB-ASI) services. The MST4 supports the following functions:
Table 6-9 Functions of the MST4 board
Board Function MST4

Optical interface Optical connector Optical module Bandwidth

4 LC SFP 2.5 Gbit/s

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FC50, FC100/FICON Provide 4 x FC (FC50, FC100/FICON and FC200), with total and FC200 bandwidth less than 2.5 Gbit/s. Support transmission of FC service at full rate, that is, support FC200, 2 x FC100, or 4 x FC50. Distance The first and second interfaces support FC service distance extension function: FC100 supports 3000 km, and FC200 supports 1500 km. GFP-T VC-4-xc (x=4, 8, 16) Support 4 x ESCON services. Support 4 x DVB-ASI services.

Encapsulation Mapping mode ESCON DVB-ASI

The services and rates provided by the MST4 are shown in Table 6-10
Table 6-10 Services and rates provided by the MST4
Service type Rate Remarks

FC50 FC100/FICON FC200 ESCON DVB-ASI

531.25 Mbit/s 1062.5 Mbit/s 2125 Mbit/s 200 Mbit/s 270 Mbit/s

SAN service SAN service SAN service SAN service Video service

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7.1 Topology Auto-Discovery

Intelligent Features

This chapter describes the functions provided by Huawei OptiX automatic switching optical network (ASON).

& Note The intelligent software system is to be purchased and installed additionally for the OptiX OSN 2500.

7.1.1 Control Topology Auto-Discovery


After the fibers in an ASON network are connected correctly, each ASON NE discovers control links automatically through OSPF and floods its own control link to the whole network. Each NE then gets the network-wide control links, that is, the network-wide control topology. Then, each NE can calculate the route to any of the other NEs in the network. As shown in Figure 7-1, after the fibers in the whole network are connected, ASON NEs discover the network-wide control topology.

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R1

R4

R2 R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-1 Control topology auto-discovery

7.1.2 Service Topology Auto-Discovery


After an ASON NE creates a control channel between neighbor NEs through LMP, TE link verification can be started. Each ASON NE floods its own TE links to the whole network through OSPF-TE. Each NE then gets the network-wide TE links, that is, the network-wide service topology. ASON software can detect service topology change in real time, including the deletion and addition of links, as well as the link parameters change, and then reports the change to T2000, which performs real-time refresh. As shown in Figure 7-2, if one TE link is cut, the NM updates the service topology displayed on the NM in real time.

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R1

R4

R2 R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-2 Service topology auto-discovery

7.2 End-to-End Configuration


The ASON supports both SDH static services and end-to-end ASON services. To configure an ASON service, you only need to specify its source node, sink node, bandwidth requirement, and protection level. Service routing and cross-connection at intermediate nodes are all automatically completed by the network. You can also set some nodes or links that the service necessarily passes through or not pass through to restrict the service routing. Compared with service configuration of SDH networks, it fully utilizes the routing and signaling functions of the ASON NEs and thus it is convenient to configure services. Take the configuration of a 155 Mbit/s ASON service between A and I in Figure 7-3 for example. The network automatically finds the A-D-E-I route and configures cross-connection at nodes A, D, E and I. Although there is more than one route from A to I, the network will calculate the best route according to the configured algorithm. Here we suppose A-D-E-I is the best route. The service is created as follows:
n n n n n

Choose the bandwidth Choose the service protection level Choose the source node Choose the sink node Create the service

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R1

R4

E D A B H C I F

R2

G
R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-3 End-to-end service configuration

7.3 Mesh Networking Protection and Restoration


The ASON provides mesh networking protection to enhance service survivability and network security. As a main networking mode of ASON, mesh features high flexibility and scalability. Different from traditional SDH networking modes, mesh networking does not need 50% bandwidth reserved so it can save bandwidth resources to satisfy the increasingly large bandwidth demands. This networking mode also provides more than one route for each service so it can best utilize the network resources with higher security. As shown in Figure 7-4, when the C-G link failed, to restore the service, the network will calculate another route from D to H and create a new LSP to transmit the service.

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Trail restoration

R1

R4

E D A B H C I F

R2

G
R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-4 Trail restoration

7.4 Service Level Agreement


The ASON can provide services of different QoS to different clients. This is service level agreement (SLA). Table 7-1 shows the service level in the ASON.
Table 7-1 Service level
Service Attribute Diamond service Gold service Silver service Copper service Iron services

Protection and Protection and restoration restoration policy Protection and SNCP and restoration rerouting method Switching Switching time and time < 50ms rerouting time Rerouting time < 2s

Protection and restoration MSP and rerouting Switching time < 50ms Rerouting time < 2s

Restoration

No protection and no restoration -

Preemptable

Rerouting

Rerouting time < 2s

The use of multiplex section link by different classes of service is described in Table 7-2. The numbers1, 2, and 3 represent priority of bandwidth selection. The number I represent the highest priority.

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Table 7-2 Description of multiplex section using by ASON service


Service class Working link Protection link Non-protected link

Diamond

Service creation Service rerouting Service optimization

Not used Not used Not used Used Used with priority

Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used

Used Used Used Not used Used when the working link resources are insufficient. Used when the working link resources are insufficient. Used Used Used Used Used Not used

Gold

Service creation Service rerouting

Service optimization

Used with priority

Not used

Silver

Service creation Service rerouting Service optimization

Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used

Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Used

Copper

Service creation Service optimization

Iron

Service creation

7.4.1 Diamond Services


A diamond service is a service provided with 1+1 protection from its source node to its sink node. It is also called 1+1 service. It has two different LSPs between the source node and the sink node. Furthermore the two LSPs can not pass through a same link. One is called the working LSP, and the other the protection LSP. The same service is transmitted on the working LSP and the protection LSP at the same time. If the working LSP is working well, the sink node receives the service from the working LSP; otherwise, from the protection LSP. Figure 7-5 shows the topology of a diamond service.

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Working LSP

R1

R4

E D A B H C

I F

R2

G
R3
Protection LSP :ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-5 A diamond service

A diamond service has the following features.


n n

n n n

n n n n

Diamond service can not use multiplex section links. Failure of either LSP of the diamond service triggers rerouting. # If link resource is sufficient, two LSPs do not fully overlap after rerouting. # If link resource is insufficient, two LSPs fully overlap after rerouting. The blocked LSP will not be rerouted. When the other LSP is blocked, a new LSP will be created to guarantee survival of the service. After rerouting, if the original route is good, the diamond service can not be switched to its original routes. But the diamond service can be optimized back to its original routes manually. Static SNCP services can be converted to diamond services. Diamond services can be converted to static SNCP services. Any LSP of a diamond service can be optimized, in other words the route of any LSP can be changed. Supports manual switching for diamond services. Supports rerouting lockout. Supports rerouting priority. Supports changing service names

& Note Do not support service association and tunnel services.

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7.4.2 Gold Services


Gold services are also called 1:1 services. A gold service needs only one LSP. This LSP must use multiplex section working links. When a fiber on the path of a gold service is cut, the ASON will trigger multiplex section switching to protect the service at first. If the multiplex section switching fails, the ASON will trigger rerouting to restore the service. As shown in Figure 7-6, you can create a gold service from A to I on condition that the three multiplex section protection rings are created first.

R1

R4

E D
MSP

MSP

I F C
MSP

A B
R2

H G
R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-6 A gold service

A gold service has the following features.


n

n n

A gold service can be created only when there are enough multiplex section working links. When creating a gold service, slots must be same in a multiplex section protection ring. When creating a gold service, you can specify the strict route. When creating a gold service, the compulsory node can be specified. In this case, you should specify timeslot. When a fiber on the path of a gold service is cut, the ASON will trigger multiplex section switching to protect the service at first. If the multiplex section protection fails, the ASON will trigger rerouting to restore the service. The ASON tries its best to find multiplex section working links for rerouting. If there are not enough such resources, it will use non-protected links to guarantee survival of the service. In that case, however, the service is degraded.

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n

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

n n n n

After rerouting, when multiplex section working links are restored, this service cannot automatically revert. But, you can optimize the service to the multiplex section links. A gold service can use multiplex section working links in a 1:1 linear multiplex section chain. A gold service can use multiplex section working links in a two-fiber multiplex section ring. A gold service can use multiplex section working links in a four-fiber multiplex section ring. Static services which fully use multiplex section working links can be converted to gold services. The slots in a multiplex section ring must be the same. Static services which partially use multiplex links can be converted to gold services, but it is degraded. Gold services can be converted to static services. Supports rerouting lockout. Supports service optimization. Supports changing service names.

& Note Service association is not supported.

7.4.3 Silver Services


Silver services are also called rerouting services. Upon LSP failure, periodic rerouting will be performed until the rerouting succeeds. If there are not enough resources, it may fail to apply for an appropriate protection route and thus lead to service interruption. In Figure 7-7, A-B-G-H-I is a silver service. If the fiber between B and G is cut, the ASON will trigger rerouting from A to create a new LSP that does not pass the cut fiber, such as A-D-C-F-I.

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R1

R4

E I D A B H C F

R2

G
R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-7 A silver service

A silver service has the following features.


n n n

n n n n n n n

Non-protected static services can be converted to silver services. Silver services can be converted to static services. A revertive silver service can revert to its original route automatically after the network is restored. Silver services cannot use multiplex section links. Supports rerouting lockout. Supports service optimization. Supports rerouting priority setting. Supports setting the rerouting revertive attribute. Supports service association. Supports changing service names.

7.4.4 Copper Services


Copper services are also called non-protected services. If its LSP fails, service will be interrupted and it will not trigger rerouting. A copper service has the following features.
n n n n n n

Non-protected static services can be converted to copper services. Copper services can be converted to non-protected static services. Copper services cannot use multiplex section links. Supports service optimization. Supports service association. Supports changing service names.

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7.4.5 Iron Services


Iron services, also called preemptable services, create LSP by using the protection links in an MSP. When a switching is triggered, iron services are preempted, which then brings a service interruption. After MSP is restored, iron services are restored. The interruption, preemption and restore of iron services are reported to network management system. If the path fails and the service is interrupted, no rerouting is triggered. An iron service has the following features:
n

n n n n n

When you create an iron service, the creation fails if there is not enough multiplex section protection links. When you create an iron service, the protection links in a 1:1 linear MSP can be used. When you create an iron service, the protection links in a two-fibre bidirectional MSP can be used. When you create an iron service, the protection links in a four-fibre bidirectional MSP can be used. When an MSP switching is triggered, iron services are preempted, which then brings a service interruption. Not support rerouting. Not support service optimization. Supports changing service names. Static extra services can be converted to iron services. Iron services can be converted to static extra services.

7.5 Service Association


Associated services are two associated common services that have different routes. During the rerouting or optimization of either LSP, the rerouting LSP will be link-disjoint with the associated LSP. As shown in Figure 7-8, A-D-E-I and A-B-G-H-I are two associated LSPs. When the fiber between B and G is cut, the rerouting of the A-B-G-H-I LSP will avoid the A-D-E-I LSP.

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R1

R4

E D A B H C

I F

R2

G
R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-8 Association services

Service association has the following features:


n n n n n n n

n n n

n n

Supports the cancellation of association. Supports optimization of associated services. Supports the separate rerouting for each path upon path failures. Supports the association of two tunnel services. Supports the association of two non-revertive silver services. Supports association of two copper services Supports the association of a non-revertive silver service and a copper service. Supports setting the rerouting priority. Supports restarting and recovery of each node on the path. Supports the association of services that have different or the same source node. Does not support association of diamond and gold services. Does not support association of revertive silver services.

7.6 Tunnel Services


The OptiX ASON supports tunnel services. Tunnel services are mainly used to carry VC12 or VC3 services. As shown in Figure 7-9, there is an ASON server LSP between NE1 and NE2 which can be a gold LSP, silver LSP or copper LSP. After creating tunnel services, you must manually create and delete the lower order cross-connection from the tributary board to the line board. During rerouting or optimization of the tunnel services, however, the cross-connections at the source and sink nodes automatically switch to the new ports.

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VC12 NE1

ASON server LSP VC4 NE2

VC12

Cross-connection

VC12
Tributary unit Line unit

Figure 7-9 Tunnel services

A tunnel service has the following features:


n

n n n n n n n n n

Supports manually create and delete the lower order cross-connection from the tributary board to the line board. Supports rerouting lockout. Supports the association of tunnel services. Supports setting rerouting priority Supports service optimization. Supports changing service names. Supports gold, non-revertive silver and copper level protection types. Static server trail can be converted to tunnel services. Tunnel services can be converted to static server trail. Supports VC4 tunnels, not support VC12 or VC3 tunnels.

7.7 Service Optimization


After the topology change several times, the ASON may have less satisfactory routes and thus need service optimization. Service optimization means to create a new LSP, switch the optimized service to the new LSP, and delete the original LSP so as to change and optimize the service without disrupting the service. LSP optimization has the following features.
n n n

Support manual optimization only. The optimization can only be initiated at the source node. The optimization does not change the protection level of the optimized service. During optimization, rerouting, degrade/upgrade, or deleting operations are not allowed.

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n

7 Intelligent Features

n n

During creation, rerouting, degrading/upgrading, starting or deleting operations, optimization is not allowed. Revertive rerouting services cannot be optimized before they are restored. The following service types support optimization: diamond, gold, silver, copper, associated, and tunnel services.

7.8 Equilibrium of Network Traffic


The ASON calculates a best route according to CSPF algorithm. If there are many services between two nodes, there may be several services sharing a same route. The traffic equilibrium function is used to avoid this situation. As shown in Figure 7-10, there are many silver services between R2 and R4. To make the network more safe and reliable, the ASON allocates them to different route averagely as possible such as A-D-E-I, A-B-C-F-I and A-B-G-H-I.

R1

R4

E I D A B H C F

R2

G
R3
:ASON NE :User equipment

Figure 7-10 Traffic equilibrium

7.9 Shared Risk Link Group


Fibers in the same optical cable have the same risks, that is, when the cable is cut, all fibers are cut. So an ASON service should not be rerouted to another link that has the same risk. Set the SRLG attribute correctly for the links of the same risks to make sure the two LSPs of a diamond service are not in the same cable and to enhance the possibility of successful rerouting at the first time. You can change the SRLG attribute. During service creation or rerouting, it is supported to disjoint the SRLG to which the faulty link belongs. The SRLG attribute of the link can be preconfigured. The detailed disjoint strategy is as follows:
n

When creating the second path for diamond services, the SRLG to which the link passed by the first path belongs is disjointed.

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During the rerouting of diamond services, the SRLG to which the faulty link and the link passed by the other path belong is disjointed. During the rerouting of gold services, if the faulty link is an MSP group link, the SRLG that the faulty link belongs to is not disjointed. If the faulty link is a non-protection link, the SRLG that the faulty link belongs to is disjointed. During the rerouting of silver services, the SRLG that the faulty link belongs to is disjointed. The disjoint strategy during service optimization is the same as that during service creation.

7.10 Conversion Between Static Services and ASON Services


Currently, Huaweis OptiX ASON supports the following service conversion:
n n n n n n n n n n

Supports upgrading static SNCP services to diamond services. Supports degrading diamond services to SNCP static services. Supports upgrading static services to gold services. Supports degrading gold services to static services. Supports upgrading static services to silver services. Supports degrading silver services to static services. Supports upgrading static services to copper services. Support degrading copper services to static services. Supports upgrading static server trail to tunnel services. Supports degrading tunnel services to static server trail.

& Note Only the static service where the first and the last nodes are in SNCP protection groups can be upgraded to diamond services. Only the static service that uses multiplex section working links can be upgraded to gold services. The static service that uses MSP group links partially can only be upgraded to the gold service with the protection state as degraded.

7.11 Restoring Network-Wide Service Routes to Original Routes


After many changes in an ASON network, service routes may differ from the original routes. The network-wide service restore function can be used to restore all service routes to the initial routes.

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n n

Protection

This chapter describes the complete protection schemes, at the equipment level and network level, provided by the OptiX OSN 2500. It covers: Equipment level protection Network level protection

8.1 Equipment Level Protection


The OptiX OSN 2500 supports the following protection schemes at the equipment level:
n n

n n n n n n

TPS protection for service processing boards 1+1 hot backup protection for the SCC unit, cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit 1+1 protection for ATM boards 1+1 hot backup protection for power input unit Protection for the wavelength conversion unit 1:N protection for the +3.3 V board power supply Intelligent fans, with rotational speed automatically adjusted Abnormality-specific service protection

8.1.1 TPS Protection for Service Processing Boards


The OptiX OSN 2500 provides 1:N TPS protection for the R1PD1, PQ1, PQM, PL3, PD3, SPQ4, SEP and N2EFS0 boards. That is, it provides TPS protection for the E1, T1, E3, T3, E4, STM-1 and Ethernet services.
n n n n n

E1 processing board R1PD1 supports two 1:N (N2) TPS protection groups E1 processing board PQ1 supports one 1:N (N4) TPS protection group. E1/T1 processing board PQM supports one 1:N (N4) TPS protection group. E3/T3 processing board PD3/PL3 supports two 1:1 TPS protection groups. E4/STM-1 processing board SPQ4 supports two 1:1 TPS protection groups.

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STM-1 processing board SEP supports two 1:1 TPS protection groups. Ethernet processing board N2EFS0 supports one 1:1 TPS protection groups. Co-existence of the above two different TPS protection groups The signal failure time is less than 50ms in TPS switching.

8.1.2 1+1 Hot Backup for the SCC Unit, Cross-Connect Unit and Timing Unit
For the OptiX OSN 2500, the functions of the SCC unit, cross-connect unit, timing unit and line unit are integrated into one board. There are three kinds of such integrated boards: CXL16, CXL4 and CXL1, which are provided with the following features:
n n

1+1 hot backup protection The standby unit is in standby mode when the equipment operates normally. The standby unit does not control the equipment, perform cross connection to service, or provide clock to the system. But its cross-connect matrix setting and clock configuration are exactly the same as those of the active one. When the standby unit receives the information indicating abnormal performance of the active one or a switching command is sent by the NM system, they will immediately take over the job of the active unit, setting itself into active working mode and sending out a switchover event.

8.1.3 1+1 Hot Backup for the Power Input Unit


Through the two PIU boards, the OptiX OSN 2500 can access two 48 V DC working power supplies that work in backup mode. If either of them goes faulty, the other will operate to ensure the normal operation of the equipment.

8.1.4 1+1 Protection for ATM Boards


The IDL4 and IDQ1 of the OptiX OSN 2500 support board level 1+1 protection. Their failure is detected by the board itself. If any failure occurs, the cross-connect board will initiate the switching, switching the services of the working ATM board to the protection board. The switching time is less than 1s. The prerequisites for protection switching of the ATM board are as follows:
n n n n

Manual switching. Board power fails. Board clock fails. Board hardware fails.

8.1.5 Protection for the Wavelength Conversion Unit


The arbitrary bit rate wavelength conversion unit LWX includes two types: one is single-fed single receiving, and the other is dual-fed signal selection.

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The dual-fed signal selection LWX supports intra-board protection, realizing optical channel protection with one board. The protection switching time is less than 50ms. The single-fed single receiving LWX supports inter-board protection, that is, 1+1 inter-board hot backup protection. The protection switching time is less than 50ms.

8.1.6 1:N Protection for the +3.3 V Board Power Supply


The OptiX OSN 2500 provides 1:N power backup for the +3.3 V power supplies of other boards through the power backup unit of the SAP board. When the power supply of a board becomes faulty, the backup power takes over the power feeding job to ensure normal operation of that board.

8.1.7 Intelligent Fans


For heat dissipation, the OptiX OSN 2500 adopts two intelligent fans in the fan unit. The power supplies for the fans serve as backup for each other. The intelligent fans provide the functions of intelligent speed regulation and failure detection. Once one of the fan modules goes faulty, the other one operates at its full speeds. The running status of the fans can be indicated by the corresponding indicators on the front panel of the fan unit.

8.1.8 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection


Power Failure in Software Loading Process
Application program and data have the check function. In the case the loading is interrupted, the basic input/output system (BIOS) will not start the unfinished program and data until they are successfully loaded.

Over-Voltage and Under-Voltage Protection


The power board is designed with a lightning protection component to effectively reduce the damages that may be possibly caused by transient high-voltage such as lightning. When the voltage is over low, this board will automatically reset the center processing unit (CPU) and the software will re-initialize the chips. The software will provide a mirror protection for important memories that may affect the services. In the case the voltage is not stable, which causes the memory value to change, the values can be recovered to normal. In addition, when the voltage is too low, the power system will automatically cut off the active power to protect the system.

Board Temperature Check


Temperature detection circuit is provided on the boards that generate much heat. When the ambient temperature detected is too high, an alarm is generated to remind the maintenance personnel to clean the fans.

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8.2 Network Level Protection


8.2.1 Basic Networking Modes
Chain and ring are two basic structures of the transmission network. Various complicated network structures can derive from them in practice, as shown in Table 8-1.
Table 8-1 Basic networking modes
Networking mode Topology map

1 2

Chain Ring

Tangent rings

Intersecting rings

Ring with chain

DNI

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Hub

Legend:

MADM

ADM

TM

8.2.2 SDH Trail Protection


The OptiX OSN 2500 can implement the linear MSP and the MS ring protection.

Linear MSP
Linear MSP is mainly used in the chain network. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports 1+1 and 1: N (N14) protection schemes. In the 1:N protection mode, extra services are supported to be transmitted on the protection system. In the linear MSP scheme, the switching time is less than 50ms as specified in ITU-T Recommendation G.841.

MS Ring Protection
The OptiX OSN 2500 supports two-fiber MS shared protection ring, with the switching time less than 50ms, as specified in ITU-T Recommendation G.841. In line with ITU-T Recommendation G.841, the OptiX OSN 2500 supports four-fiber MS shared protection ring, which provides ring switching and span switching in addition to the similar functions of the two-fiber bidirectional MSP.

8.2.3 SNCP
The OptiX OSN 2500 supports SNCP as required by ITU-T G.841. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports the end to end conversion of an unprotected trail to a SNCP-protected trail, as shown in Figure 8-1.

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NE2 NE1 NE4 NE3 NE5

NE6 NE7 NE8

Convert to a unprotected trail

Convert to a SNCP-protected trail

The working trail

NE2 NE1 NE4 NE3 NE5

NE6 NE7 NE8

The protection trail

Figure 8-1 End to end conversion of a unprotected trail to a SNCP-protected trail

An exiting unprotected trail can be converted to a SNCP-protected trail from trail management in T2000. And a SNCP-protected trail can also be converted to an unprotected trail. Further more, the following operations can be provided at trail level:
n n n n n n

Manual switching to protection path Manual switching to working path Forced switching to protection path Forced switching to working path Setting of the wait-to-restore (WTR) time Setting of the revertive or non-revertive mode

8.2.4 Protection for Interworking Service on Rings


As required by ITU-T Recommendation G.841, the OptiX OSN 2500 supports protection for interworking services in rings, even in the rings with different protection schemes (such as SNCP or MSP).

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8.2.5 Fiber-Shared Virtual Trail Protection


STM-16 STM-16

STM-4 SNCP

STM-4 MSP

Figure 8-2 Fiber-shared virtual trail protection

As shown in Figure 8-2, in the fiber-shared virtual trail protection, one STM-16, STM-4, or even STM-1 optical path is logically divided into lower-order or higher-order paths, which are then combined with other links to form the path-level rings. The path-level rings can be set with protection schemes such as MSP, SNCP, and non protection.

8.2.6 MS-Shared Protection Ring


In the MS-shared protection ring, an optical interface can be configured with multiple MSP groups, so that MS rings protection can share the same fiber and optical interface. This function is conditioned on the optical boards capability of processing multiple sets of independent K bytes. SF16 and SL16 of the OptiX OSN 2500 support a maximum of two shared optical paths. Figure 8-3 shows the networking for two-fiber MS-shared protection ring that the OptiX OSN 2500 supports.

STM-4 STM-4 MS-shared ring STM-16

STM-4

STM-4 MS-shared ring STM-4 STM-4

Figure 8-3 MS-shared protection ring

For example, two lower-speed west line units share one higher-speed east line unit, as shown in Figure 8-4.

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MSP ring 1 STM-4 STM-16 MSP ring 2 STM-4

Figure 8-4 Two lower-speed lines share one higher-speed line

The OptiX OSN 2500 also supports the line units at the same speed to form a bi-directional shared protection, as shown in Figure 8-5. In this case, the west STM-16 line units can only add part of VC-4 services into the MS ring protection group.
MSP ring 1 STM-16

MSP ring 2

X
STM-16 STM-16

STM-16

Figure 8-5 Sharing protection under the lines with the same speed

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9 OAM

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OAM

This chapter describes the maintenance capability and network management of the OptiX OSN 2500. It covers: Operation and maintenance Administration

9.1 Operation and Maintenance


The OptiX OSN 2500 is designed with such a cabinet and boards, and set with such functions as to meet the customers needs for operation, administration and maintenance (OAM) of the equipment. It provides the following powerful equipment maintenance capabilities.
n

The CXL board generates audible and visual alarms to remind the network administrators to take proper measures in the case of any emergency. The OptiX OSN 2500 provides eight alarm input interfaces, four alarm output interfaces, four cabinet alarm indicator output interfaces, and alarm concatenation interfaces to facilitate operation and management of the equipment. All boards are provided with running and alarm indicators to help the network administrators to locate and handle faults as soon as possible. The line board provides the function of the lower order path monitoring. The alarms can be monitored if impairment affects the lower order services on the line board. These alarms include TU_AIS and TU_LOP. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports automatic check of hardware change: The T2000 reports a notification that new hardware is inserted into the NE. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports automatic laser shutdown (ALS) function of the single-mode optical interface of the SDH interface unit and Ethernet interface unit. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports automatic online detection of optical power of SDH and Ethernet optical interfaces.

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The swappable optical module is adopted to provide optical interface boards. Users can choose single-mode or multimode optical modules as required, thus facilitating maintenance. The OptiX OSN 2500 supports query of SDH optical module parameters, which include optical interface type, fiber mode (multimode or single mode), long or short haul, transmission distance, transmission rate, wavelength, and so on. Orderwire phone function is provided to ensure dedicated communication channels for administrators at various stations. The running and alarm status of the OptiX OSN 2500 systems at all stations on the network can be monitored dynamically on the NM system. In-service upgrade of board software and NE software is supported. Board software and field programmable gate array (FPGA) supports remote loading, and provides the functions of error prevention loading and breakpoint continuous transmission. With remote maintenance function, the maintenance personnel can remotely maintain the OptiX OSN 2500 through PSTN when the equipment goes faulty. The PQM and PQ1 provide pseudo-random binary sequence function which supports remote bit error test.

9.2 Administration
The OptiX OSN 2500 is uniformly managed by the iManager series transmission network management system (hereinafter referred to as the NM). Through the Qx interface, the NM can manage, maintain and test the entire optical transmission system in terms of fault, performance, configuration and security. The NM improves the quality of network services, lowers the maintenance cost and ensures rational use of network resources.

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10 OptiX OSN 2500 REG

10
10.1 Function
O /E
FEC decoding

OptiX OSN 2500 REG

This section describes the functions and system configuration of the OptiX OSN 2500 REG.

The OptiX OSN 2500 REG, compliant with ITU-T G.958, is a regenerator for the STM-16 and STM-64 systems. The functional block diagram is shown in Figure 10-1.

Frame header/ regeneration section overhead/FEC overhead processing unit

E/ O

FEC encoding

Overhead processing uint

Synchronous timing unit

SCC

Auxiliary interface unit

Figure 10-1 Functional block diagram of the REG

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The OptiX OSN 2500 REG supports the following functions. Three rates are supported: STM-64, STM-16 FEC (ITU-T G.709) and STM-16, which correspond to SL64, SF16 and SL16 optical interface boards. Each optical interface board implements eastward and westward pass-through of a unidirectional service in the regeneration section loopback mode.
n

Terminate and regenerate the overhead bytes of the frame header and regeneration section, and transmit transparently other overhead bytes ad points. If detecting the R_LOS or R_LOF alarm, the optical interface insert the MS_AIS signal to the downstream station.

Normally, the service clock is synchronized with the line clock, and the clock works in pass-through mode. If the line clock is lost, the service clock comes from the free-run clock within the equipment, and the accuracy is greater than 20 ppm.

10.2 System Configuration


10.2.1 Hardware Configuration
The OptiX OSN 2500 REG uses the OSN 2500 subrack. The optical interface board uses the SL64, SF16 and SL16 boards of OptiX OSN series products. The system control and clock unit uses the CRG developed specially for the REG. The hardware configuration of the REG is shown in Figure 10-2.
S S S S S 1 2 3 4 5 S 6 S S 7 8 S 9 S 1 0 S 1 1 S 1 2 S 1 3 S S S S S 1 1 1 1 1 4 5 6 7 8

SL64/SF16/SL16

SL64/SF16/SL16

SL64/SF16/SL16

SL64/SF16/SL16

SL64/SF16/SL16

SL64/SF16/SL16

SL64/SF16/SL16

CRG

CRG

PIU SLOT22

Fiber Routing FAN FAN SLOT24 SLOT25

SAP PIU SLOT23

Figure 10-2 Hardware configuration of the REG

Configuration description: Support a 7-fiber generator. Support three 2-fiber regenerators or one 4-fiber generator. Each fiber link supports any of the four rates mentioned above. Upgrade the REG to the STM-16 ADM by replacing the CRG with CXL.

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It is not capable of upgrading the REG to the STM-64 ADM temporarily.

10.2.2 Board and Slot


The constituent boards of the OptiX OSN 2500 REG, their available slots and board functions are shown in Table 10-1. The optical interface types supported are shown in Table 10-2.
Table 10-1 The OptiX OSN 2500 REG function list
Board Slot Function

CRG

Slots 9, 10

The system control and clock unit, implementing system control, orderwire, communication, clock allocation and tracing functions. CRGs in slots 9 and 10 provide 1+1 hot backup protection. The 1 x STM-64 optical interface board. With REG mode enabled, the board works in the regeneration section loopback state to implement eastward and westward pass-through. In addition, in the REG mode, the board only processes frame header, regeneration section overhead, leaving other overhead bytes and points transmitted transparently. The 1 x STM-16 optical interface board (out-of-band FEC). With REG mode enabled, the board works in the regeneration section loopback state to implement eastward and westward pass-through. In addition, in the REG mode, the board only processes frame header, regeneration section overhead and FEC overhead, leaving other overhead bytes and points transmitted transparently. The 1 x STM-16 optical interface board. With REG mode enabled, the board works in the regeneration section loopback state to implement eastward and westward pass-through. In addition, in the REG mode, the board only processes frame header, regeneration section overhead, leaving other overhead bytes and points transmitted transparently. The 2-port optical booster amplifier board, increasing the launched power of the line board to +14 dBm or +17 dBm, so as to extend the transmission distance to more than 120 or 130 km (for G.652 fiber, the attenuation is 0.275 dB/km). The 1-port optical booster amplifier and 1-port pre-amplifier board, 1-port optical booster amplifier increases the launched power of the line board to +14 dBm or +17 dBm and extend the transmission distance to more than 120 or 130 km (for G.652 fiber, the attenuation is 0.275 dB/km). 1-port pre-amplifier increases the small power signal by 22 dB25 dB and thus increase the receiver sensitivity to 33 dBm.

SL64

Slots 58, 1113

SF16

Slots 58, 1113

SL16

Slots 58, 1113

BA2

Slots 58, 1113

BPA

Slots 58, 1113

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DCU

Slots 58, 1113

The 2-port STM-64 signal dispersion compensation board, with the operating wavelength being 1550.12 nm. The dispersion compensation can be 1020 ps/nm (corresponding to 60 km G.652 fiber) or 1360 ps/nm (corresponding to 80 km G.652fiber). The 1-port EDFA case-shaped optical amplifier for 1550 nm communication window, increasing the launched power of the line board to +14 dBm or +17 dBm. It can also server as a pre-amplifier to increase the receiver sensitivity to 38 dBm. The 1-port case-shaped optical Roman amplifier, increasing transmission distance and lower optical signal-to-noise ratio, and thus achieving LHP transmission. The system auxiliary processing board, processing orderwire, monitoring 48 V power, provide 1:N centralized protection for 3.3 V power, and provide the Ethernet NM interface (ETH) and commissioning interface COM. The power interface board, accessing 48 V power, protects against lightning as well as filtering. Dissipate heat for the equipment. The extended signal interface board, providing the system with various auxiliary interfaces and management interfaces, including the OAM interface (X.25 protocol), F&f interface, orderwire interface, 8-input and 4-output alarm interface.

61COA/ Externally N1COA installed (Note) 62COA Externally installed Slot 14

SAP

PIU FAN SEI

Slots 22, 23 Slots 24, 25 SEI slot

Note: The N1COA works without filter and it is multi-wavelength optical amplifier.
Table 10-2 The OptiX OSN 2500 REG optical interfaces
Board Optical interface type

SL64 SF16 SL16

I-64.2, S-64.2b, L-64.2b, Le-64.2, Ls-64.2, V-64.2b Ue-16.2c, Ue-16.2d, Ue-16.2f I-16, S-16.1, L-16.1, L-16.2, L-16.2Je, V-16.2Je, U-16.2Je

10.2.3 Fiber Connection


Since the REG only regenerates the signals, its fiber connection is different from that of the ADM. Figure 10-3 shows how fibers are connected when there is one REG on the line. Figure 10-4 shows how fibers are connected when there are multiple REGs.

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Figure 10-3 Fiber connection when there is one REG

Figure 10-4 Fiber connection when there are multiple REGs

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n n n n n n n n n n

Technical Specifications

For ease of query, this chapter summarizes the technical specifications of the OptiX OSN 2500 as follows: Interface type Optical interface performance Electrical interface performance Clock performance Transmission performance Timeslot number Power consumption and weight of boards Electromagnetic compatibility Environmental index Environment requirement

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11.1 Interface Type


Table 11-1 shows interface types of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-1 Interface types
Interface type Rate and feature

Ethernet interface ATM interface PDH/SDH electrical interface SDH optical interface Clock interface Alarm interface

10BASE-T. 100BASE-TX, 100BASE-FX, 1000BASE-SX, 1000BASE-LX, 1000Base-ZX 34368 kbit/s, 155520 kbit/s, 622080 kbit/s 1544 kbit/s, 2048 kbit/s, 34368 kbit/s, 44736 kbit/s, 139264 kbit/s, 155520 kbit/s, 155520 kbit/s, 622080 kbit/s, 2488320 kbit/s, 2666057 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s, 2048 kHz Eight alarm input interfaces, four alarm output interfaces, concatenated alarm input/output interface, cabinet alarm indicator interface Administration interface, orderwire interface, data interface

Auxiliary interface

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11.2 Optical Interface Performance


11.2.1 SDH Optical Interface
Table 11-2 shows performances of the STM-1 optical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-2 Performances of the STM-1 optical interface
Nominal bit rate Classification code 155520 kbit/s I-1 S-1.1 L-1.1 L-1.2 Ve-1.2

Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB)

1260~136 0 15 to 8 23

1261~136 0 15 to 8 28

1280~133 5 5 to 0 34

1480~158 0 5 to 0 34

1480~1580 3 to 0 34

8 8.2

8 8.2

10 10

10 10

10 10

Table 11-3 shows performances of the STM-4 optical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-3 Performances of the STM-4 optical interface
Nominal bit rate Classification code 622080 kbit/s I-4 S-4.1 L-4.1 L-4.2 Ve-4.2

Operating wavelength (nm) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm)

1261~1360 1274~1356 15 to 8 23 15 to 8 28

1280~1335 3 to 2 28

1480~1580 3 to 2 28

1480~1580 2 to 2 33

13

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

L-4.1

L-4.2

Ve-4.2

Minimum extinction ratio (dB)

8.2

8.2

10

10

10

Table 11-4 and Table 11-5 show performances of the STM-16 optical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-4 Performances of the STM-16 optical interface
Nominal bit rate Classification code 2488320 kbit/s I-16 S-16.1 L-16.1 L-16.2 L-16.2Je V-16.2Je(B A) U-16.2Je(B A+PA)

Operating 1266~13 wavelength (nm) 60 Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Maximum chromatic dispersion (ps/nm) 10 to 3 18

1260~13 60 5 to 0 18

1280~133 5 2 to 3 27

1500~15 80 2 to 3 28

1530~1560 5 to 7 28

1530~156 5 13 to 15 28

1550.12 15 to 18 34(Note)

3 8.2

0 8.2

9 8.2

9 8.2

9 8.2

9 8.2

10 (Note) 8.2

12

NA

NA

1200~16 00

2000

2800

3400

Note: The parameter is that of the PA.

Table 11-5 Performances of the STM-16 optical interface (FEC)


Nominal bit rate Classification code 2666057.143 kbit/s Ue-16.2c Ue-16.2d Ue-16.2f

Classification code (Note1)

SF16+BA(14dB )+PA

SF16+BA(17dB )+PA

SF16+BA(17dB)+R A+PA

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11 Technical Specifications

Ue-16.2f

Operating wavelength (nm) Source type Mean launched power (dBm) (Note2) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) (Note3) Minimum overload point (dBm) (Note3) Minimum extinction ratio (dB)

1550.12 nm SLM 13 to 15 37 SLM 15 to 18 37 SLM 15 to 18 42

10 10

10 10

10 10

Note1: The number in the bracket indicates the corresponding parameter, for example, BA (14) indicates that the optical power of the signal after amplified by the BA is 14 dBm. "FEC+BA+PA" indicates that the optical interface specifications include FEC, BA and PA. Note2: The parameter is that of the BA. Note3: The parameter is that of the PA.

Table 11-6 shows performance of the STM-16 fixed wavelength optical interface.
Table 11-6 Performance of the STM-16 and STM-64 fixed wavelength optical interface
Nominal bit rate 2 488 320 kbit/s 2 666 057 kbit/s 9 953 280 kbit/s

Dispersion limit (km) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload point (dBm) Maximum chromatic dispersion (ps/nm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB)

170 2 to 3 28 9 3400 8.2

640 5 to 1 28 9 10880 10

640 5 to 1 28 9 10880 10

40 4 to 1 14 1 800 10

Table 11-7 shows the nominal central wavelength and frequency of the STM-16 optical interfaces.

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Table 11-7 The nominal central wavelength and frequency of the STM-16 optical interfaces.
No. Frequency (THz) Wavelength (nm) No. Frequency (THz) Wavelength (nm)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

192.1 192.2 192.3 192.4 192.5 192.6 192.7 192.8 192.9 193.0 193.1 193.2 193.3 193.4 193.5 193.6 193.7 193.8 193.9 194.0

1560.61 1559.79 1558.98 1558.17 1557.36 1556.56 1555.75 1554.94 1554.13 1553.33 1552.52 1551.72 1550.92 1550.12 1549.32 1548.51 1547.72 1546.92 1546.12 1545.32

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

194.1 194.2 194.3 194.4 194.5 194.6 194.7 194.8 194.9 195.0 195.1 195.2 195.3 195.4 195.5 195.6 195.7 195.8 195.9 196.0

1544.53 1543.73 1542.94 1542.14 1541.35 1540.56 1539.77 1538.98 1538.19 1537.40 1536.61 1535.82 1535.04 1534.25 1533.47 1532.68 1531.90 1531.12 1530.33 1529.55

Table 11-8 shows the performance of the STM-64 optical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500 REG.
Table 11-8 Performance of the STM-64 optical interface
Nominal bit rate Classification code 9953280 kbit/s I-64.2 S-64.2b L-64.2b (BA) Le-64.2 Ls-64.2 V-64.2b (BA +PA+DCU)

Operating wavelength (nm)

1530 ~1565

1530 ~1565

1530 ~1565

1530 ~1565

1530 ~1565

1550.12

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11 Technical Specifications

Ls-64.2

V-64.2b (BA +PA+DCU)

Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload point (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB) Maximum chromatic dispersion (ps/nm)

5 to 1 14

1 to +2 13 to 15 (Note1) 14 14

2 to 4 21

3 to 7 21

13 to 15 (Note1) 26 (Note2)

10 (Note2)

8.2

8.2

8.2

8.2

8.2

8.2

500

800

1600

1200

1600

2040

Note1: The parameter is that of the BA. Note2: The parameter is that of the PA.

11.2.2 Ethernet Optical Interface


The performance of the Ethernet optical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500 conforms to IEEE 802.3z and IEEE 802.3u, as shown in Table 11-9.
Table 11-9 Specifications of Ethernet optical interface
Interface Type Transmitting optical power (dBm) Central wavelength (nm) Receiver overload (dBm) Receiver sensitivity (dBm) Extinction ratio (dB)

1000Base-ZX (70 km) 1000Base-ZX (40 km) 1000Base-LX (10 km) 1000Base-SX (0.55 km) 100Base-FX (15 km) 100Base-FX (2 km)

4 to 2 2 to 5 9 to 3 10 to 2.5 15 to 8 19 to 14

1480 to 1580 1270 to 1355 1270 to 1355 770 to 860 1261 to 1360 1270 to 1380

3 3 3 0 7 14

22 23 20 17 28 30

9 9 9 9 10 10

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11.2.3 ATM Optical Interface


The performance of the ATM optical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500 is shown in Table 11-10.
Table 11-10 Specifications of ATM optical interface
Nominal bit rate Classification code Operating wavelength (nm) Transmission distance (km) Mean launched power (dBm) Receiver minimum sensitivity (dBm) Minimum overload (dBm) Minimum extinction ratio (dB)

155520 kbit/s I-1 1310 2 19 to 14 30 S-1.1 1310 15 15 to 8 28 L-1.1 1310 40 5 to 0 34

622080 kbit/s S-4.1 1310 15 15 to 8 28 L-4.1 1310 40 3 to 2 28

14 10

8 8.2

10 10

-8 8.2

-8 10

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11.3 Electrical Interface Performance


Table 11-11 shows performances of the PDH electrical interface of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-11 Performance of the PDH electrical interface
Type Code pattern Bit rate of signals at output port Attenuation tolerance at input port Frequency deviation tolerance at input port Anti-interfere nce capability of input port

1544 kbit/s B8ZS G.703 compliant

2048 kbit/s HDB3 G.703 compliant

34368 kbit/s HDB3 G.703 compliant

44736 kbit/s B3ZS G.703 compliant

139264 kbit/s CMI G.703 compliant

155520 kbit/s CMI G.703 compliant

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11.4 Clock Performance


11.4.1 Clock Interface Type
Table 11-12 shows clock features of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-12 Clock features
Clock Feature

External synchronization source Synchronization output

Two inputs, 2048 kbit/s (G.703) or 2048 kHz (G.703), 75 ohm and 120 ohm Two outputs, 2048 kbit/s (G.703) or 2048 kHz (G.703), 75 ohm and 120 ohm

11.4.2 Timing and Synchronization Performance


Table 11-13 lists the timing and synchronization performance of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-13 Timing and synchronization performance
Output jitter Output frequency of internal oscillator in free-run mode Long-term phase variation (in locked mode)

G.813 compliant

G.813 compliant

G.813 compliant

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11.5 Transmission Performance


Table 11-14 lists the transmission performance of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-14 Transmission performance
Jitter at STM-N interface Jitter at PDH interface Bit error

G.813/G.825 compliant

G.823/G.783 compliant

G.826 compliant

11.6 Timeslot Number


The OptiX OSN product supports two types of TU-12 numbering scheme, as shown in Table 11-15 and Table 11-16.
Table 11-15 Numbering of TU-12s in a VC-4 (type I)
TUG2 (7-1) TUG2 (7-2) TUG2 (7-3) TUG (7-4) TUG (7-5) TUG (7-6) TUG (7-7)

TU-3 (3-1) TU-3 (3-2) TU-3 (3-3)

1 2 2 4 3

2 2 3 4 4

3 2 4 4 5

4 2 5 4 6

5 2 6 4 7

6 2 7 4 8

7 2 8 4 9

8 2 9 5 0

9 3 0 5 1

1 0 3 1 5 2

1 1 3 2 5 3

1 2 3 3 5 4

1 3 3 4 5 5

1 4 3 5 5 6

1 5 3 6 5 7

1 6 3 7 5 8

1 7 3 8 5 9

1 8 3 9 6 0

1 9 4 0 6 1

2 0 4 1 6 2

2 1 4 2 6 3

Table 11-16 Numbering of TU-12s in a VC-4 (type II, ITU-T G.707)


TUG2 (7-1) TUG2 (7-2) TUG2 (7-3) TUG2 (7-4) TUG2 (7-5) TUG2 (7-6) TUG2 (7-7)

TU-3 (3-1) TU-3 (3-2) TU-3 (3-3)

1 2 3

2 2 2 3 2 4

4 3 4 4 4 5

4 5 6

2 5 2 6 2 7

4 6 4 7 4 8

7 8 9

2 8 2 9 3 0

4 9 5 0 5 1

1 0 1 1 1 2

3 1 3 2 3 3

5 2 5 3 5 4

1 3 1 4 1 5

3 4 3 5 3 6

5 5 5 6 5 7

1 6 1 7 1 8

3 7 3 8 3 9

5 8 5 9 6 0

1 9 2 0 2 1

4 0 4 1 4 2

6 1 6 2 6 3

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11.7 Power Supply Parameters


Table 11-17 shows power supply parameters of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-17 Power supply parameters of the OptiX OSN 2500
Parameter Specification

Power supply mode Nominal voltage Voltage range Power consumption

DC power supply 48 V or 60 V 38.4 V to 72V 400 W

11.8 Power Consumption and Weight of Boards


Table 11-18 lists the power consumption and weight of boards of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-18 Power consumption of boards
Board Power consumption (W) Weight (kg) Board Power consumption (W) Weight (kg)

SL16 SLQ4 SLD4 SL4 SLQ1 SL1 BA2 BPA SEP1 EU08 OU08 SPQ4 MU04 PD3 PL3

20 16 15 15 15 14 20 20 17 11 6 24 2 19 15

1.10 1.04 1.01 1.00 1.04 1.00 1.01 1.01 0.95 0.41 0.41 0.91 0.41 1.12 1.00

N1EGS2 N2EGS2 EGT2 EFS0 EFS4 EMR0 ETF8 EFF8 ETS8 ADL4 ADQ1 CXL16 CXL4 CXL1 SAP

40 43.2 23 35 30 50 2 6 2.5 35 37 40 40 40 20

1.04 1.04 0.90 0.98 0.98 1.20 0.37 0.44 0.37 0.90 0.95 1.12 1.12 1.12 0.71

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11 Technical Specifications Power consumption (W) Weight (kg)

D34S C34S PQM PQ1 D75S D12S D12B TSB8 R1PD1 PL3A EFT4 EFT8 EGR2 SL64 MST4 EU04 62COA

2 2 22 19 5.5 9 1 5 15 15 14 26 54 32 40 6 75

0.38 0.31 1.01 1.01 0.35 0.35 0.31 0.28 0.50 1.00 0.53 1.01 1.10 1.12 0.90 0.40 8.00

SEI AUX FAN PIU MR2A/C LWX R1SLQ1 R1SL1 R1SLD4 R1SL4 SLT1 SF16 IDQ1 IDL4 TSB4 61COA N1COA

10 19 15 x 2 8 0 30 12 10 11 10 15 26 36.6 36.6 2.5 10 10

0.91 0.96 1.50 x 2 1.25 1.01 1.10 0.40 0.34 0.36 0.34 1.22 1.09 1.01 1.01 0.28 3.50 3.50

11.9 Electromagnetic Compatibility


The OptiX OSN 2500 is designed in accordance with the ETS300 386 series and ETS 300127 standards stipulated by the ETSI, and has passed electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) related tests. Table 11-19 lists the EMC test indices of the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-19 EMC test indices
Item Standard Result

Radiated Emission

CISPR22 Class A EN55022 Class A

Passed

Conducted Emission for DC Ports

CISPR22 Class A EN55022 Class A

Passed

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description Result

Conducted Emission for Signal CISPR22 Class A Ports EN55022 Class A Immunity to Radiated Electric Field Immunity to Electrostatic Discharge ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-3(10 V/m) ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-2 (Air Discharge: 8 kV; Contact Discharge:6 kV) ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-4(2kV) ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-4(2kV) ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-5(4kV) ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-5(1kV)

Passed

Passed

Passed

Immunity to Electrical Fast Transient Bursts for DC Ports Immunity to Electrical Fast Transient Bursts for Signal Ports Immunity to surges for DC Ports Immunity to surges for Signal Ports

Passed

Passed

Passed

Passed

Immunity to Continuous ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 Conducted Interference for DC IEC 61000-4-6(10V) Ports Immunity to Continuous Conducted Interference for Signal Ports ETSI EN 300 386 V1.3.2 IEC 61000-4-6(10V)

Passed

Passed

11.10 Environmental Index


Table 11-20 lists the environmental indices with which the OptiX OSN 2500 can run normally for a long term.
Table 11-20 Environmental indices
Altitude Air pressure Temperature Relative humidity Antiseismic performance

4000 m 70 kPa106 kPa 0C to 45C 10%90% Capable of resisting 7 to 9 Richter scale earthquake

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11.11 Environment Requirement


The following international standards are taken as the reference for framing the environment requirements.
n n

GF 014-95: Environment conditions for the communication equipment room European telecommunication standards (ETS) 300 019-1-3: Class 3.2 Partly temperature-controlled locations NEBS GR-63-CORE: Network equipment-building system (NEBS) requirements: physical protection

11.11.1 Environment for Storage


Climate
Table 11-21 shows the climate environment required for storing the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-21 Climate environment for storage
Item Range

Altitude Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed

5000 m 70 kPa106 kPa 40C to +70C 1C/min 10%100% 1120 W/s 600 W/s 30 m/s

Waterproof Requirement
(1) Equipment storage requirements at the customer site: Generally the equipment is stored indoors, where there is no water on the floor and no water leakage on the packing boxes of the equipment. (2) The equipment should not be stored in places where leakage is probable, such as near the auto firefighting and heating facilities. (3) If the equipment is required to be stored outdoors, the following four conditions should be met at the same time:
n

The packing boxes are intact.

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n

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Necessary rainproof measures should have been taken to prevent rainwater from entering the packing boxes. There is no water on the ground where the packing boxes are stored, let alone water entering into the packing boxes. The packing boxes are not directly exposed to the sun.

Biological Environment
n n

Avoid multiplication of microbe, such as eumycete and mycete. Avoid rodentia animals such as mice.

Air Cleanness
n

There is no explosive, electric-conductive, magnetic-conductive or corrosive duct. The density of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table 11-22.

Table 11-22 Density for mechanical active substances


Mechanical active substance Content

Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel

5.00 mg/m 20.0 mg/mh 300 mg/m

The density of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table 11-23.

Table 11-23 Density for chemical active substances


Chemical active substance Content

SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3

0.30 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.50 mg/m 1.00 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.01 mg/m 0.05 mg/m

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Mechanical Stress
Table 11-24 Requirements for mechanical stress
Item Sub-item Range

Random vibration

Acceleration spectral density Frequency range

1 m/s 5Hz20 Hz

-3 dBA 20Hz200 Hz

Non-steady impact

Impact response spectrum II 300 m/s, 11ms Static load 0 kPa

Note: Static load: The pressure from upside, that the equipment with package can endure when the equipment is piled as per stipulation.

11.11.2 Environment for Transportation


Climate
Table 11-25 shows the climate environment required for transporting the OptiX OSN 2500.
Table 11-25 Climate environment for transportation
Item Range

Altitude Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed

5000 m 70 kPa106 kPa 40 C to +70 C 3 C/min 10%100% 1120 W/s 600 W/s 30 m/s

Waterproof Requirement
The following conditions should be met during the transportation:

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n n

OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

The packing boxes are intact. Necessary rainproof measures should be taken for the means of transport to prevent rainwater from entering the packing boxes. There is no water in the means of transportation.

Biological Environment
n n

Avoid multiplication of microbe, such as eumycete and mycete. Avoid rodentia animals such as mice.

Air Cleanness
n

There is no explosive, electric-conductive, magnetic-conductive or corrosive duct. The density of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table 11-26.

Table 11-26 Density for mechanical active substances


Mechanical active substance Content

Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel

No requirement 3.0 mg/mh 100 mg/m

The density of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table 11-27.

Table 11-27 Density for chemical active substances


Chemical active substance Content

SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3

0.30 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.50 mg/m 1.00 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.01 mg/m 0.05 mg/m

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Mechanical Stress
Table 11-28 Requirements for mechanical stress
Item Sub-item Range

Random vibration

Acceleration spectral density Frequency range

1 m/s 5Hz20 Hz

-3 dBA 20Hz200 Hz

Non-steady impact

Impact response spectrum II Static load

300 m/s, 11ms 0 kPa

11.11.3 Environment for Operation


Climate
Table 11-29 and Table 11-30 show the required climate environment in which the OptiX OSN 2500 operates.
Table 11-29 Requirements for temperature and humidity
Equipment name Temperature Long-term operation Short-term operation Relative humidity Long-term operation Short-term operation

OptiX OSN 2500

0C to 45C

5C to +55C

10%90%

5%95%

Note: The temperature and humidity values are obtained 1.5 m above the floor and 0.4 m in front of the equipment. Short-term operation means the consecutive working time of the equipment does not exceed 96 hours, and the accumulated working time every year does not exceed 15 days.

Table 11-30 Other climate requirements


Item Range

Altitude Air pressure

4000 m 70 kPa106 kPa

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OptiX OSN 2500 Technical Manual - System Description

Temperature change rate Air speed

5C/h 1 m/s

Biological Environment
n n

Avoid multiplication of microbe, such as eumycete and mycete. Avoid rodentia animals such as mice.

Air Cleanness
n n

No explosive, electric-conductive, magnetic-conductive or corrosive duct. The density of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table 11-31.

Table 11-31 Density for mechanical active substances


Mechanical active substance Content

Dust particle Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel

3x105 particles/m 0.4 mg/m 15 mg/mh 100 mg/m

The density of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table 11-32

Table 11-32 Density for chemical active substances


Chemical active substance Content

SO2 H2S NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 CO

0.20 mg/m 0.006 mg/m 0.05 mg/m 0.01 mg/m 0.10 mg/m 0.01 mg/m 0.005 mg/m 5.0 mg/m

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Mechanical Stress
Table 11-33 Requirements for mechanical stress
Item Sub-item Range

Sinusoidal vibration

velocity Acceleration Frequency range

"5mm/s 5Hz62 Hz

"2 m/s2 62Hz200 Hz

Impact

Impact response spectrum II Static load

Half-sina wave, 300 m/s, 11ms 0

Note: Static load: The pressure from upside, that the equipment with package can endure when the equipment is piled as per stipulation.

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