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# Banha University Faculty of Engineering/Shobra Department of Mechanical Engineering MDE 355: Heat & Surface Treatment 10 February, 2013

Due Date: 17 February, 2013 ___________________________________________________________________________ Sol Assignment # 1: Phase Diagrams Review 1. Calculate the degrees of freedom at a constant pressure of 1 atm for (a) a single-phase solid solution of Sn dissolved in the solvent Pb, (b) pure Pb below its melting point, and (c) pure Pb at its melting point Solution: (a) F = C P + 1 = 2 1 + 1 = 2 (b) F = 1 1 + 1 = 1 (c) F = 1 2 + 1 = 0 (Ans.) (Ans.) (Ans.)

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2. Describe qualitatively the microstructural development that will occur upon slow cooling of a melt composed of 50 wt% Al and 50 wt% Si using Fig. 9.13 Solution: From Fig. 9.13, we have: The first solid to precipitate is a solid solution below1400oC. Then at the eutectic temperature (577 C) the remaining liquid solidifies leaving a two-phase microstructure of solid solutions and .

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3. Describe qualitatively the microstructural development that will occur upon slow cooling of a melt composed of 87.4 wt% Al and 12.6 wt% Si using Fig. 9.13 Solution: The system remains 100% liquid until reaching the eutectic temperature (577 C), at which the entire system solidifies leaving a two-phase microstructure of solid solutions and .
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4. Suppose an alloy of 50A-50B of Fig. 9.8 is reheated to a temperature at which the liquid composition is 48 wt% B and the solid-solution composition is 90 wt% B. Calculate the amount of each phase Solution:

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5. For 1 kg of eutectoid steel at R.T., calculate the amount of each phase ( and Fe3C) present. Solution: Using fig. 9.19, we get: m = =

(1 kg) (1 kg)

(1 kg)

(1 kg)

## = 0.115 kg = 115 g (Ans.)

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6. For 1 kg of 0.5 wt% C steel at the eutectoid temperature, calculate the amount of proeutectoid at the grain boundaries in Fig. 9.40. Solution: m = =

(1 kg) (1 kg)

## = 0.360 kg = 360 g (Ans.)

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7. Calculate the amount of proeutectoid cementite at the grain boundaries in 1 kg of the 1.13 wt% C hypereutectoid steel illustrated in Fig. 9.39. Solution: In effect, we need to calculate the equilibrium amount of cementite at 728 oC.

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