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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Teaching English through mother tongue and national language Teaching English through translation method Poor grammar Poor vocabulary Reluctance in speaking English Superficial or nominal reading Unavailability of standard English books at libraries Absence of directed writing No aptitude for creative writing

10. Nominal aptitude for listening to English news and talk shows 11. Casual use of dictionary 12. Nominal use of thesaurus 13. Absence of English forums 14. Nominal aptitude for learning English 15. Nominal aptitude for improving English 16. Number of English-knowing people is small. 17. Quality of English imparted is negligible. 18. Teachers of English dont undertake extensive readings. 19. Absence of literary societies 20. Lack of interaction between the teachers and the taught 21. Students read books or easy notes for the sake of exam in which most of the students cheat. 22. Absence of functional use of English 23. Lack of aptitude for learning and improving English 24. Poor standard of teaching at schools and colleges run by the government Created By: Prof. Ghulam Hussain Manganhar (Professor of English) Institute of Business Administration, Sukkur


A Learner of English Should: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Learn basics of English first Read some composition everyday Enrich his/her vocabulary Write something everyday Improve four skills of English Teach English to other keen learners. Through teaching one can improve ones English. Discuss English language with other learners Develop confidence and skill of speaking English Continue writing until his/her English becomes impeccable

10. Develop imaginative faculty and write some verses whenever he/she feels like 11. Learn some words, their synonyms and antonyms everyday 12. Learn some formal phrases and idioms everyday and use them in his/her sentences 13. Listen to the news broadcast in English over radio and television 14. Read an English daily everyday 15. Write on social, economic, political and religious topics and send them to the English newspapers for publication 16. Look up meanings of difficult words in dictionary 17. Learn synonyms, antonyms, paronyms and words liable to be confused 18. Learn as many one-word substitutions as possible through extensive readings 19. Speak only English while at school or college. 20. Neither feel shy of speaking English nor fight shy of strangers instead speak English without hesitation.

Created By: Prof. Ghulam Hussain Manganhar (Professor of English) Institute of Business Administration, Sukkur