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Conrad of Marburg Marburg

Conrad of Marburg (c. 1180-90; July 30 1233 in Hausen Belter at Marburg ) inquisitor and confessor of Elizabeth of Thuringia , who later became Holy was a medieval high priest and Master , successful crusade preacher , later Elizabeth.

Conrad of Marburg: Detail of a stained glass window in the Elisabeth Church in Marburg

Contents Contents

1 Biography 2 reception since the end of the 19th Century 3 See also 4 sources 5 See also

Biography Biography
Demonstrable public attention was first Conrad in 1214 causing a sensation by about the current doctor is called) and "educated", he seems to have studied, presumably at the University of Paris. Serve with the indication that he was preaching . As he often in the historical sources Magister (equivalent at that time

initially in Alsace worked. Later he moved through the Rhineland to Thuringia and held in cities in the open air crusade preaching his mass appeal, which contributed to the emergence of a new crusade movement.

clergy receive. In the course of his wandering activity and a friendship was the

had disciplinary powers for the improvement of life and ministry of the German

For this he was in 1215 by Pope Innocent III. been asked in this context, he also

Thuringian Landgraf family . He was appointed confessor to the young Elizabeth. In this office he reinforced the tendency of the young countess to be very tough exercises of piety. His greatest success was to Louis IV to join the crusade corporate Emperor Frederick II to move. A further increase in power for Conrad was in the privilege, as deputy for the absent on the Crusade Landgrave the ecclesiastical authorities in Thuringia forgive.

lived. According to historical sources, some followers followed him from place to place. He originally offered the image of a typical preacher of religious poverty movement that was alive during this period in all European countries. This poverty, however, also had a significant movement of unchurched or

is the vow of chastity einhielt, as well as consciously chosen personal poverty

His credibility was beneficial, that it is both applicable to the priest celibacy , that

heretical branch, here are mainly the Cathars and Waldensians mentioned. The goal,, Pope Gregory IX. the office of inquisitor one, so one of the ordinary

Roman church continued to violent extermination of these heretics . To reach this episcopal courts Independent Special Trustee to combat heresy .

One of the first of these inquisitors with direct papal mandate was Conrad. Now he could be condemned as heretics official judges to enforce the bishops and over.

later became St. Elizabeth of Thuringia. Conrad fought for them in dealing with the family of the publication of considerable Landgrave widow goods. They

Landgraf Ludwig died on his way to Palestine , leaving a very young widow, who

moved on to his instigation, from the Wartburg to Marburg . Pope Gregory IX. their rights to their relatives after the death of her husband and her guardian. Conrad used the access to the assets in accordance with Elizabeth to her a

Conrad himself had authorized by epistle to Elizabeth's "Defensor" So True to

hospital to care for the sick and poor setup in which the former princess worked He took her children away, as her friends, he often had them whipped and spy. The health of the young woman had not long been growing. Elizabeth died in 1231 at just 24 years.

as a nurse. His pastoral office over the later saints, he served in a cruel manner:

For the body of the benefactress of the sick and poor wound themselves soon canonization . To this end, he also wrote a short biographical sketch of Elizabeth. Libellus de dictis equator Ancillarum sanctae Elizabeth confectus that the These terms vitae is his only remaining work of literature and produces only the statements include the Elizabeth servants Guda and Isentrud of Hrselgau dar. The successful could end the unusually rapid canonization process undertaken not live to see Conrad. tales of divine miracles . Conrad presented logically in Rome application for

contains one of the most important historical sources for the lives of the saints

decree of Pope Gregory Conrad could shorten the process and bring defendants heretics , the Conrad pursued, he took for devil worshipers . His descriptions letter Vox in Rama , where this heresy has been informed. to date without the usual time-consuming procedures at the stake. A number of prompted Pope Gregory IX. in the year 1233 for the transmission of the papal Because Conrad is not even in front of counts, bishops and princes shrank, he

Conrad took the heretics under persecution in Germany in scope and focus, to

aroused fear, hatred and resistance in aristocratic circles. He also complained to to heretics. This achieved, however, that his case deprived the Inquisition courts Count Henry III. of Sayn , one of the powerful ruler of the Rhineland , as a friend

and a supreme court in Mainz Cathedral with the participation of the German king Henry VII was transferred. There he could in a traditional court procedures such as oath-helpers who swore his innocence, fall back and achieve an acquittal. Conrad was faced with an unexpected defeat. Accompanied by two monastic

confidant, he went on his way home in the Upper Hessian Marburg. In today's

in Ebsdorf reason, he lurked on six horsemen and slew him and his ministers on 30 July 1233rd Presumably there were followers of Count Henry III. of Sayn , including as a principal in the central Hesse Ritter family members "of Dernbach"

hamlet "Capelle farm" south of Marburg, about 2 km northeast of Belter Hausen

at Seelbach (east of Herborn ) and the castle Vetzberg near Giessen in possession.

. This noble family had branched than Ganerben the small Wasserburg Dernbach

Soon after Conrad's violent death, his protg, Elizabeth was spoken 1235 comparable to Santiago de Compostela and Lourdes . The landgrave with the family close-knit German Order came into the hospital and the associated property with the emerging shrine at the grave of Elizabeth. In this way, and by sacred. The market town of the Marburg castle became a pilgrimage city ,

the worship of Elizabeth - and thus indirectly by the Conrad's work as pastor Hesse, meanwhile residence and capital.

Landgravine - was from a small settlement around a castle, the city of Marburg,

Reception since the end of the 19th 19th Century Century

In the second half of the 19th Century there was a wave of publications on Conrad of Marburg, monographs , dissertations , and books of devotion. Even a spectacle dramatic treatment of the subject is preserved, "Conrad of Marburg, German Grand Inquisitor and inquisitors: tragedy in five acts, freely edited by the story" by Hans Hagen, Leipzig 1890th The volume was 100 pages. This interest in fashion soon waned again. After the turn of the century appeared sporadically

dissertations. In postwar Germany was hardly an author or publisher more on the

idea to edit this material, unless with reference to the city of Marburg

academically or on the ratio of the sexes . As an important secondary character appears in Conrad Wiebke von Thadden youth novel "Philip the Emperor and King" in 1989.

From France, where the comics are drawn as short stories ("dessines belt") part of highly developed and promoted as a distinct literary genre in public, we learn that the Inquisitor has become "Conrad de Marbourg 'main role of such a

publication. The four-part comic book series is now published in Germany under the title "The Third Testament." However, the comic character and story of Conrad of Marburg, a total reversal of the space occupied by historical facts "Conrad Reinhardt Marcus of Marburg", humanist and former fair inquisitor

heretics pursuer Conrad: In the comic he is than 1255 (sic) born, married Count shown who is convicted himself with his wife in a show trial in 1286 (sic) at the stake as a heretic - shown during Heinrich of Sayn as bloodthirsty villain is the hero of Conrad pursued.

In the 2007 musical premiered in Eisenach "Elizabeth - The legend of a saint," is by Chris Murray embodies.

Conrad does in his role as Elizabeth's confessor as male lead in appearance. He

References References

Alexander Patschovsky : The persecution of heretics Conrad of Marburg. | Archive for exploration of the Middle Ages (DA) 37 (1981), pp. 641-693. Hermann Ploppa: Conrad of Marburg - founder of the city and the Grand Inquisitor. In: Marbuch. 6th Edition. Marbuch-Verlag, Marburg, 1998, ISBN 39806487-1-0 . Martin Sharp: The Saints and their taskmasters. Marburger, a picture on gender balance. Presented at the 31st German Folklore Congress in 1997 in Marburg. University of Marburg speeches Bd 22nd Marburg: Philipps-University, 1998. 28 pp., ISBN 3-923014-17-1 . Dietrich Brief: Beginnings of the Inquisition in Germany. In: Peter Sils (Eds.): The Beginnings of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages. With an outlook on the 20th

Century and a contribution of non-Christian religious intolerance in the area. Cologne 1993 (Bayreuth Historic colloquia, vol 7), pp. 131-193. Henry Charles Lea: History of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages. Volume 2: The Inquisition in the various Christian countries. (First edition), Nordlingen, 1987, ISBN 3-89190-860-1 . Carsten Pietsch: The Beginnings of the Inquisition in Germany with special reference to the persecution of heretics by Conrad of Marburg (household work in basic studies, University of Oldenburg, 2000 - to be treated with caution). Gerd Schwerhoff: The Inquisition. Second corr. Aufl, CH Beck, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-406-50840-5 . Ernst Ranke: Conrad of Marburg . In: General German Biography (ADB). Volume 16, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1882, pp. 642-648. Peter Sils: Conrad of Marburg . In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, pp. 544-546. Karl Service: Conrad of Marburg. In: Biographic-Bibliographic Church Encyclopedia (BBKL). Volume 4, Herzberg 1992, ISBN 3-88309-038-7 , 418419 Sp.

Sources Sources

Giuseppe Alberigo (eds): Conciliorum oecumenicorum decreta. Freiburg 1962nd James Fearns (eds): combating heresy and heretics in the High Middle Ages Gttingen 1968 (Historical texts / Middle Ages, vol 8). Ludwig Forg: The persecution of heretics in Germany under Gregory IX. Their origin, their meaning and their legal foundations. Berlin 1932 (Historical Studies 218), ND Vaduz 1965th Othmar Hageneder among others, the register of Innocent III, vol.2: 2. Pontificate year 1199/1200. Texts / edited by Othmar Hageneder, Maleczek Werner and Alfred A. Strand , in: Publications of the Austrian Cultural Institute in Rome. Abt.2, sources, number 1, Rome, Vienna 1979th Dietrich Brief: Beginnings of the Inquisition in Germany: Peter Sils (Eds.): The Beginnings of the Inquisition in the Middle Ages. With an outlook on the 20th Century and a contribution of non-Christian religious intolerance in the area. Cologne 1993 (Bayreuth Historic colloquia, Vol 7). Joannes Dominic Mansi (ed.): Sacrorum Conciliorum amplissima Collectio nova et. Volume 23, ND Graz 1960th Selge Kurt (ed.): Texts of the Inquisition, Gtersloh 1967th Emil Zenz (Ed.): The deeds of Trier. Gesta Treverorum. Vol 3, Trier 1959th