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Lesson 10 The Present, Imperfect, and Future of moneo The regular 4 Principal Parts of 2nd conjugation verbs look

like this:
note the macron

moneo, monre, monui, monitus habeo, habre, habui, habitus Many 2nd conjugation verbs do not follow this pattern for all 4 parts, so this rule must be memorized: All verbs whose 2 Principal Part ends in re belong to the 2nd conjugation.

The Present, Imperfect, and Future tenses are formed like 1st conjugation verbs, except note the different vowel on the present stem: Present Tense moneo mones monet monemus monetis monent Imperfect Tense monebam monebas monebat monebamus monebatis monebant Future Tense monebo monebis monebit monebimus monebitis monebunt

(I am warning, you are, etc.) (I was warning, you were, etc.)

(I will warn, you will warn, etc.)

All 2nd conjugation verbs are formed this way in these three tenses. Present Stem + tense/personal endings You will find that some verbs in your vocabulary do not have a fourth principal part. That is because the verb is defective and cannot be used in certain voices and tenses. Continue to memorize all the principal parts each verb does have. The three tenses above are called the Present System of Tenses, as they are built on the present stem of a verb. Recall: The Present Stem is found by dropping the -re ending from the 2nd Principal Part. monre minus re = mon habre minus re = hab timre minus re = tim terrre minus re = terr

Present Stem