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# 14

## NON-FOUNDATION Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and their Summation

14I
Multiple Choice Questions
1. If the general term of a sequence is
n-1 , find the 3rd term of the sequence. n+1

Name : Date : Mark : 5. Given an arithmetic sequence -11, 2, 15, , if T(m) is the first term that exceeds 200, find the value of m. A. 16 B. C. 17 18
C

A. -2 B. C.
1 3
1 2
C

D. 19 6.

D. 3 2.

Which of the following is the general term T(n) of the sequence 1, 4, 27, 256, ? A. n B. C. n2
22
n -1

It is given that p, q, r, s, t are in arithmetic sequence. If p + q + r = 9 and s + t = 26 , find the first term and the common difference of the sequence. First term Common difference A. 4 4 -1 1 -1 1 4 4
C

D. nn 3. Which of the following is not an arithmetic sequence? A. 11, 2, -8, -19, B. C. 4, 7, 10, 13, 57, 51, 45, 39,

B. C. D. 7.

## Which of the following are in geometric sequence? I.

1 2 4 , , ,K x x2 x3

## D. -3, -5, -7, -9, 4.

II.

x, x2, x3,

If the common difference of an arithmetic sequence is 4 and T (6) = 15, find the first term of the sequence. A. -9 B. C. -5
11 5
B

III. log x, log x2, log x3, A. I and II only B. C. I and III only II and III only
A

D. I, II and III

D. 35

120

14

## Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and their Summation

8.

If the common ratio of a geometric sequence a, b, c, is R, the common ratio of another geometric sequence
1 1 1 , , , is a 2 b 2 c2

11. Find the number of terms of the geometric sequence 5y + 10 , 5y + 5 , 5y , x x x , 1, where x 0. A. 5y + 10 B. C. 10 y+2
D

A. R. B. C. D. 9. R2.
1 . R
D

D. y + 3

1 . R2

## 12. Find the three arithmetic means between x and y. A. B. C. D.

y - x y - x y - x , , 4 3 2

Which of the following geometric sequences have the same common ratio? I. II.
b2 a, b, , a 1 a 1 , 2, 3, ab b b
1 b
b 1 , - 2, a a

3x + y x + y x + 3 y , , 4 2 4
y - x y - x x+ y , , 4 2 2

III. - , B. C.

3x + y x + y x + 3y , , 4 2 4

## A. I and II only I and III only II and III only

B

13. If x2 is the arithmetic mean between -(x + 3) and 5x + 1, find the values of x. A. 1 B. C. -1 or 1 -1 or 0
A

D. I, II and III 10. If x2, 4x + 3, 25 are in geometric sequence, find the values of x. A. B. C. D.
1 3

D. -1

14. If a, b, c are in arithmetic sequence, which of the following MUST be true? I. 4a + 5, 4b + 5, 4c + 5 are in arithmetic sequence.
D

1 or -3 3

-3
1 - or 3 3

II.

b =

a + c 2

III. a2, b2, c2 are in arithmetic sequence. A. I and II only B. C. I and III only II and III only
A

D. I, II and III

121

## Number and Algebra

15. If d1 and d2 are the common differences of the two arithmetic sequences a, x1, x2, , x5, b and a, y1, y2, , y7, b respectively, find d1 : d2. A. 3 : 2 B. C. 5:7 4:3
C

## 19. Which of the following MUST be true if x, y, z are in geometric sequence? I.

1 1 1 , 2, are in geometric x2 y z 2

sequence. II. log y is the arithmetic mean between log x and log z. III. 3log x, 3log y, 3log z are in geometric sequence. A. I and II only B. C. I and III only II and III only
D

D. 7 : 5

16. If three geometric means are inserted between a and b, find the 2nd geometric mean inserted. A. B. C. D.
a 4 b 4 or -a 4 b 4
ab 2
1 3 1 3

## D. I, II and III 20. If -

ab
a 4 b 4 or -a 4 b 4
3 1 3 1

cos q and tan q sin q, find the value of q where -90 < q < 90. A. 0 B. C. 30 or 150 -40.89 or 40.89
D

## 3 is the geometric mean between 2

17. If -3x + 6 is the geometric mean between the integers x2 + 2 and 2, find the values of x. A. -2 or 4 B. C. 4
8 or 4 7
B

D. -60 or 60

D. -4 or 1

21. If the general term of an arithmetic sequence is T (n) = 7 - 3n , find the sum of the first 7 terms of the sequence. A. -56 B. C. -35 4
B

18. If at least three positive geometric means are inserted between 2 and 162 with common ratio R, find the range of possible values of R. A. R 3 B. C. 1<R3 R -3
B

D. 210

D. R 3

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14

## Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and their Summation

22. Find the sum of the integers between 301 and 400 inclusive that are multiples of 4. A. 8400 B. C. 8800 20 200
B

## 25. How many terms of the arithmetic series

5 2 1 + + + K must be taken in order 6 3 2 121 ? to obtain a sum of 2

A. 33 B. C. 34 35
A

## D. 49 900 23. Find the sum of the arithmetic series

1 ( -4) + -2 + 1 + K + 11. 2

D. 36

26. Find the sum of the first 7 terms of the geometric series 0.25 + 0.75 + 2.25 + A. 91 B. C. 182.25 273.25
C

A. B. C. D.

1 2

11
1 38 2

D. 546.25
1 2
C

236

24. Which of the following arithmetic series have a sum greater than 100? I. II. (-3) + (-1) + 1 + + 19 log 1 + log 10 + log 100 + + log 1015
71 19 9 1 III. - + - + + K + 2 2 2 2

27. If the 3rd term of a geometric series is -3 and the sum of the 4th term and the 5th term is -6, find the 7th term of the series. A. B. C.

3 or -3 4

-3 or 24
D

D. -48 or -3 28. If the exterior angles of a quadrilateral form a geometric sequence with a common ratio exterior angle.
C

D. I, II and III

A

D. 224.31

123

32.

28 cm

A. B. C.

2 3
3 4

35 cm

1
A

D. 2

## - 0.71 = 30. 0.71

A. 0 B. C. D.
1 165
32 45 71 99
B

The figure shows the pattern on a birthday cake. The pattern has an outermost square of three sides with a length of 35 cm. The length of the side of each subsequent smaller square is 80% of that of the previous one. What is the maximum length of the pattern on the cake? A. 175 cm B. C. 210 cm 350 cm
D

31. The sum to infinity of a geometric series is 60. If its first term is 80, find the common ratio. A. B. C. D.
1 4 1 3

D. 385 cm

1 3
1 2
C

124