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A Proof of Smarandache-Ptracus Theorem using Barycentric Coordinates

Prof Claudiu Coand The National College Carol I Craiova, Romania In this article we prove the SmarandachePtracus Theorem in relation to the inscribed orthohomological triangles using the barycentric coordinates. Will remind the following: Definition Two triangles ABC and A1 B1C1 , where A1 BC , B1 AC , C1 AB , are called inscribed ortho homological triangles if the perpendiculars in A1 , B1 , C1 on BC , AC , AB respectively are concurrent. Observation The concurrency point P of the perpendiculars on the triangle ABC s sides from above definition is the orthological center of triangles ABC and A1 B1C1 . SmarandachePtracu Theorem If the triangles ABC and A1 B1C1 are orthohomological, then the pedal triangle A1' B1'C1' of the second center of orthology of triangles ABC and A1 B1C1 , and the triangle ABC are orthohomological triangles. Proof Let P ( , , ) , + + = 1 , be the first orthologic center of triangles ABC and A1 B1C1 (See figure). A

C1 C1 P P

B1 B1

B B A1 A1

The perpendicular vectors on the sides are: U BC ( 2a 2 , a 2 b 2 + c 2 , a 2 + b 2 c 2 )

U CA = ( a 2 b 2 + c 2 , 2b 2 , a 2 b 2 c 2 )

U AB = ( a 2 + b 2 c 2 , a 2 b 2 c 2 , 2c 2 )

We know that:

A1 B B1C C1 A = 1 (1) A1C B1 A C1 B and we want to prove that: A1' B B1'C C1' A (2) = 1 A1'C B1' A C1' B We will show that: A1 B B1C C1 A A1' B B1'C C1' A = 1 A1C B1 A C1 B A1'C B1' A C1' B implies the relation (2) The equation of the line BC is x = 0 , and the equation of the line PA1 is
0 y z

It results that:

=0

2a 2 a 2 b 2 + c 2 a 2 + b 2 c 2

. 2a a + b + c 2a a b 2 + c 2 Because y + z = 1 , we find: A1 0, a 2 + b2 c2 ) + , a 2 b2 + c2 ) + . 2 ( 2 ( 2a 2a Similarly: 2 B1 2 ( a 2 b 2 + c 2 ) + , 0, a b2 c2 ) + , 2 ( 2b 2b 2 C1 2 ( a 2 + b 2 c 2 ) + , a b2 c2 ) + , 0 2 ( 2c 2c Well make the following notations: a 2 + b 2 c 2 = i; a 2 b 2 + c 2 = j , a 2 b 2 c 2 = k , And we have:
2 2 2 2 2 2

= z

A1 0, j + , i + 2 2 2a 2a B1 2 j + , 0, k + 2 2b 2b C1 2 i + , k + , 0 2 2c 2c i + 2 A1 B = 2a ; A1C j+ 2a 2 j + 2 B1C = 2b ; B1 A k + 2b 2 k+ 2 C1 A c 2 = C1 B i + 2c 2 If P ' ( ', ', ') is the second center of orthology of the triangles ABC and A1 B1C1 , and
A1' , B1' , C1' are the projections of P ' on BC , AC , AB respectively, similarly, well find:

' i + ' ' 2 A1 B 2 a = ; ' A1'C + ' i 2a 2 ' j + ' ' 2 B1C 2 b = ; ' B1' A k + ' 2b 2 ' k+' 2 C1' A = 2c ' C1' B i + ' 2c 2 It is known the theorem [2] Theorem Given two isogonal conjugated points P ( , , ) and P ' ( ', ', ') with respect to the triangle ABC ( BC = a, CA = b, AB = c ), then: ' ' ' = 2 = 2 . a2 b c On the other side:

' ' 2 ' ' i + 2 i + ' i 2 i 2 i + ' ' 2 4 U A1 B A1 B 2a 2a 4 a 2a 2a = = = 1; ' ' ' ' V1 2 A1C A1C j + ' j + ' 2 2 4a 4 j 2a 2 j 2a 2 j + ' 2a 2a ' 2 ' ' j 2 j 2 j + ' B1C B1'C 4b 4 U 2b 2b = = 2, B1 A B1' A ' k 2 ' k ' k + ' V2 4b 4 2b 2 2b 2 ' k 2 ' k ' k + ' U C1 A C1' A 4c 4 2c 2 2c 2 = = 3 ' 2 ' ' V3 C1 B C1' B i 2 i 2 i + ' 4c 4 2c 2c The only thing left to be proved is that: a2 b2 c2 U U U3 1 2 2 2 2 U1 U 2 U 3 a b = 1. = 1 if and only if c V1 V2 V3 V1 V2 V3 We show that b2 c2 a2 U = V , U = V , U1 = V3 2 1 3 2 a2 b2 c2 b2 ' 2 ' ' b2 1 ' ' ' U j j j = + ' = 2 2 j 2 2 j 2 j + ' = V1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 a 4a b 2a 2a a 4a a 2a 2a 2 2 c ' ' ' c ' ' ' U 3 = 2 2 k 2 2 k 2 k + 2 ' = 4 k 2 2 k 2 k + ' = V2 2 b 4c b 2b 2b b 4b 2b 2b 2 2 a ' ' ' a ' ' ' U1 = 2 2 i 2 2 i 2 i + 2 ' = 4 i 2 2 i 2 i + ' = V3 2 c 4a c 2c 2c c 4c 2c 2c

References

[1] [2] [3]

Ion Ptracu and Florentin Smarandache, A Theorem about Simultaneous Orthological and Homological Triangles, in arXiv:1004.0347v1, Cornell University, NY, USA, 2010. Claudiu Coand, Geometrie Analitic n coordonate baricentrice, Editura Reprograph, Craiova, 2005. Mihai Dicu, The Smarandache-Ptracu Theorem of Orthohomological Triangles, http://www.scribd.com/doc/28311880/Smarandache-PatrascuTheorem-of-Orthohomological-Triangles, 2010.