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# It was a warm and beautiful Sunday. Ai is just finishing up her math homework. Its really tiring, she thought.

So many shapes and forms and figures. Ky, her brother, on the other hand, loves this aspect of mathematics. Isnt it awesome, he thought, that I can produce shapes and forms with my own minds. Her tutor is a man named Euclid. He is really old, with his back bent and his gnarled fingers thin and demaciated. So, Ai, he mused. How are you with your geometry? Im fine! Im perfectly okay! Go away already! Ai snapped, irritated by the mans incessant urging for her to do her homework. No, you see you have to understand geometry by its roots. You cant just learn theorems and solve problems! Here, let me show you the basics! A point is something that is so strange, but it is something, but it contains nothing. It can only be described as a location, but it has no part. Nothing inside it. Between two points, you see, there are an infinitude of other points, because a point has no part. A line, on the other hand, is infinite in length, but it has no thickness. Nothing. A straight line is the line which lies evenly with the points on itself. Or you can say it hangs evenly within the points. Its quite hard to define. Wow. Thats fascinating, Euclid. Can we move on already? Not really. A surface has only length and breadth, or width, whereas a plane surface is a surface which hangs evenly, you might say, with the straight lines on itself. A plane angle is the inclination that is made when two lines in a plane meet one another. When the lines containing the angle are straight, then the angle is rectilineal. Now, this gets interesting. When a straight line cutting another straight line makes two adjacent angles that are equal to one another, we call this angles perpendicular. An angle that is greater than a perpendicular angle is called obtuse, whereas an angle that is smaller than a perpendicular angle is called acute, you get it? Well yeah. But how does this relate? Youll see later. Well continue: a boundary is an extremity of anything. A figure is contained by boundary or boundaries. A circle is contained by all points of equal distance to a fixed point, called a center. The diameter is straight line with endpoints on the circle and drawn through the center. Such a line bisects a circle into two semi-circles. Its center is that of the circle. Rectilineal figures, or polygons, are contained by straight lines. Trilateral, or triangles, are contained by three. Quadrilaterals are contained by four. Equilateral triangles have three equal sides, wheres the isosceles triangle has two of its sides equal, and a scalene triangle has no equal sides. All right. Are we done?

Wait, a square is an equilateral and right-angled quadrilateral. A rectangle is right-angled but not equilateral. A rhombus is equilateral but not right-angled. A parallelogram is has opposite sides and angles equal to one another but is neither equilateral nor right-angled. OK. Fine. Finally, parallel straight lines are straight lines which, being in the same plane and extended indefinitely in both directions, never meet one another. I still dont understand why I need to learn this. Ky jutted in, since he overheard the masters lecture with Ai, Its all foundation, you know. Well get into more interesting stuff. Euclid smiled, Ky is right.