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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECT OF WEAVING INDUSTRY IN INDIA

Meaning of Weaving Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth. The other methods are knitting, lace making, felting, and braiding or plaiting. Indian Weaving Industry Brief Introduction Indian Weaving industry has traditionally been one of India's thriving sectors of mass employment. Abundant raw materials and an unlimited supply of cheap labour have contributed to its success. Due to the international trade liberalization and domestic economic reforms there has been a major impact on the Indian Weaving Industry. History Indian Weaving Industry has conventionally been one of the most promising sectors of huge employment. In fact, after agriculture, the Weaving Industry is largest provider of work force. There is abundance in the raw materials; the continuous supply of cheap work force is the contributing factors behind the success of the weaving industry of India. However, the liberalization of the international trade along with change in the reforms of domestic economy, have affected negatively to Indian Weaving Industry. In India the fragments of woven cotton and bone needles have been discovered at Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa, the ancient seats of the Indus Valley Civilization. Size of the Industry:- Over 38, 00,000 Indian Weaving industries have been built throughout the country and more than 15, 00,000 domestic weaving industries Geographical distribution:- Chirala, Pedana, Polavaram, Mangalagiri, Pochamapali, Ponduru, Dharamvaram, Narayanpet, Puttapaka, Madhavaram, Emmiganur and Gadwal. Problems of Weaving Industry A. Problem of Raw-materials Due to their limited resources, the owners of these industries cannot afford to purchase rawmaterial in bulk. That is why they get low quality materials at high rates. B. Problem of Finance Cheap and easy finance is not available to these industries. The financing system of government institutions and banks is such that these industries have to complete many formalities and there are so many complications which can be followed by these less educated entrepreneurs. C. Marketing problems These industries mainly exist in villages and due to lack of transport and communication facilities they are handicapped in finding suitable markets for their products, Prospect of Weaving Industry The following are the various prospect of weaving industry

1. Quality control 2.Marketing arrangements 3.Advertisment 4.Recovery of receivables 5. Professionalism in management 6.Inventory control 7.Opportunaties. Remedial Measures In order to improve the prospect of weaving industry the following precautionary measures can be implemented .These are as follows:Keeping in view the importance of cottage and small seals industries the government have taken many steps to overcome their problems. The main steps taken are: (a) The Union Government has set up a number of agencies to help the village and small industries. These include the Small Scale Industries Board the Khadi and Village Industries Commission, the All India Handicrafts Board, the AH India-Handloom Board and Central Silk Board. (b) Credit facilities are made available to these industries through a number of institutions. Small scale sector is included m the priority sector for the supply of institutional credit. (c) Industrial estates and rural industrial projects have been set up and industrial cooperatives have been organized. (d) To encourage the small scale sector, the Central Government has reserved 807 items for exclusive production in the sector. (e) The District Industries Centres are being established at the district level to provide under one roof, all the services and support required by small and village entrepreneurs. The Industrial Policy Resolution, 1980 has these following provisions for the development of cottage and small-scale industries (a) Introducing a scheme for building up of buffer stocks of essential materials which are often difficult to obtain. Special needs of states which rely heavily on a few essential rawmaterials will receive priority. (b) To generate as many ancillaries and small and cottage suits as possible, the government will set up a few nucleus plants in each district. A nucleus plant would concentrate on assembling the products of the ancillary and small scale units falling within its orbit. (c) Enhancing the limit of capital investment for small scale and ancillary industries.