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OLEH : WAHYU DWI KURNIAWAN, M . Pd. JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN, FT - UNESA SURABAYA,

OLEH :

WAHYU DWI KURNIAWAN, M . Pd.

JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN, FT - UNESA SURABAYA, 2014

KULIAH I

MEKANIKA TEKNIK I PENDAHULUAN

OLEH : WAHYU DWI KURNIAWAN, M . Pd. JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN, FT - UNESA SURABAYA, 2014

Buku apa yang dipakai?

Ferdinand. P. Beer and E. Russell. Johnston Jr.,

1987. Statika (Mekanika untuk insinyur). Jakarta: Erlangga.

S. Timoshenko dan D.H. Young. 1990. Mekanika Teknik. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Heinz Frick. 1991. Mekanika Teknik 1 (Statika dan Kegunaanya). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Bagaimana evaluasinya ?

Partisipasi Tugas

UTS

UAS

: 20 % : 30 %

: 20 %

: 30 %

Tidak mentolerir segala bentuk kecurangan Tapi tetap boleh cross check

Apa saja yang dipelajari?

Gaya pada bidang datar

Gaya dalam ruang

Titik berat

Momen inersia

Rangka batang

Diagram cremona

Apa itu Mekanika?

Cabang ilmu fisika yang berbicara tentang keadaan diam atau geraknya benda-benda

yang mengalami kerja atau aksi gaya

Mechanics Rigid Bodies (Things that do not change shape) Deformable Bodies (Things that do change
Mechanics
Rigid Bodies
(Things that do not change shape)
Deformable Bodies
(Things that do change shape)
Fluids
Statics
Dynamics
Incompressible
Compressible

Apa pentingnya mekanika (statik) /

keseimbangan ?

Apa pentingnya mekanika (statik) / keseimbangan ?

Apa perbedaan Partikel dan Benda Tegar ?

Partikel:

Mempunyai suatu massa namun

ukurannya dapat

diabaikan, sehingga geometri benda tidak akan terlibat dalam

analisis masalah

Benda Tegar:

Kombinasi sejumlah

partikel yang mana

semua partikel

berada pada suatu jarak tetap terhadap satu dengan yang lain

Contoh Partikel

Contoh Partikel
Contoh Partikel
Contoh Partikel
Contoh Partikel

Contoh Benda Tegar

Contoh Benda Tegar
Contoh Benda Tegar
Contoh Benda Tegar
Contoh Benda Tegar

Apa yang harus dilakukan supaya Mekanika Teknik menjadi mudah ?

Banyak dan sering menyelesaikan soal-soal

Prosedur mengerjakan soal :

1.

Baca soal dengan cermat

2.

Tuliskan prinsip dasar / persamaan yang relevan dengan soal

3.

Selesaikan persamaan sepraktis mungkin sehingga didapat

hasil yang signifikan dan jangan lupa disertai sistem satuan

4.

Pelajari jawaban dengan akal sehat, masuk akal atau tidak

5.

Jika ada waktu, coba pikirkan cara lain untuk menyelesaikan soal tersebut.

Penjumlahan Vektor

Hukum Jajaran Genjang: Jumlah dua vektor P dan Q

diperoleh dengan meletakan kedua vektor tersebut pada satu titik A dan menggambar jajaran genjang, dengan P dan Q sebagai kedua sisinya.

f2

f1
f1

f1+f2

pada satu titik A dan menggambar jajaran genjang, dengan P dan Q sebagai kedua sisinya. f2

Parallelogram Law

APPLICATION OF VECTOR

ADDITION

APPLICATION OF VECTOR ADDITION

Addition of Vectors

Addition of Vectors C B B C • Trapezoid rule for vector addition • Triangle rule
C B B
C
B
B

C

Addition of Vectors C B B C • Trapezoid rule for vector addition • Triangle rule

Trapezoid rule for vector addition

Triangle rule for vector addition

Law of cosines,

R R

2

P

2

P

Q

Q

2

Law of sines,

2

PQ

cos

B

sin A

sin

B

sin C

 

Q

R

A

Vector addition is commutative,

P

Q

Q

P

Vector subtraction

Sample Problem

Sample Problem The two forces act on a bolt at A . Determine their resultant. SOLUTION:

The two forces act on a bolt at

A. Determine their resultant.

SOLUTION:

Trigonometric solution - use the triangle rule for vector addition in conjunction with the law of cosines and law of sines

to find the resultant.

Sample Problem (cont’)

Trigonometric solution - Apply the triangle rule. From the Law of Cosines,

solution - Apply the triangle rule. From the Law of Cosines, R 2  P 2

R

2

P

2

40N

Q

2

2

PQ

cos

2

60N

2

R 97.73N

From the Law of Sines,

sin

A

 

Q

sin

A

 

 

A

sin B

R

sin B

Q

R

sin 155

15.04

20  A

35.04

60N

97.73N

B

2 40N 60N cos155



ADDITION OF SEVERAL VECTORS

ADDITION OF SEVERAL VECTORS • Step 1 is to resolve each force into its components •

Step 1 is to resolve each force

into its components

Step 2 is to add all the x

components together and add all

the y components together. These

two totals become the resultant vector.

Step 3 is to find the magnitude and angle of the resultant vector.

Example of this

process,

Example of this process,

You can also represent a 2-D vector with a magnitude and angle.

You can also represent a 2-D vector with a magnitude and angle.
You can also represent a 2-D vector with a magnitude and angle.
You can also represent a 2-D vector with a magnitude and angle.

EXAMPLE

EXAMPLE Given: Three concurrent forces acting on a bracket. Find: The magnitude and angle of the

Given: Three concurrent forces acting on a bracket.

Find:

The magnitude and angle of the resultant force.

Plan:

a) Resolve the forces in their x-y components.

b) Add the respective components to get the resultant vector.

c) Find magnitude and angle from the resultant components.

EXAMPLE (continued)

EXAMPLE (continued) F 1 = { 15 sin 40 ° i + 15 cos 40 °

F 1 = { 15 sin 40° i + 15 cos 40° j } kN

= { 9.642 i + 11.49 j } kN

F 2 = { -(12/13)26 i + (5/13)26 j } kN

= { -24 i + 10 j } kN

F 3 = { 36 cos 30° i

36 sin 30° j } kN

= { 31.18 i 18 j } kN

EXAMPLE (continued)

Summing up all the i and j components respectively, we get, F R = { (9.642 24 + 31.18) i + (11.49 + 10 18) j } kN = { 16.82 i + 3.49 j } kN

F R = ((16.82) 2 + (3.49) 2 ) 1/2 = 17.2 kN

= tan -1 (3.49/16.82) = 11.7°

y F R 
y
F
R

x

Sample Problem

Sample Problem Four forces act on bolt A as shown. Determine the resultant of the force

Four forces act on bolt A as shown.

Determine the resultant of the force

on the bolt.

SOLUTION:

Resolve each force into rectangular components.

Determine the components of the

resultant by adding the corresponding

force components.

Calculate the magnitude and direction of the resultant.

Sample Problem (cont’)

Sample Problem (cont’) SOLUTION: • Resolve each force into rectangular components. force mag   x 

SOLUTION:

Resolve each force into rectangular components.

force

mag

 

x

comp

y

comp

     

F

1

150

 

129.9

 

75.0

   

F

2

80

 

27.4

 

75.2

   

F

3

110

 

0

 

110.0

 

F

4

100

 

96.6

 

25.9

   

R 199.1

x

R 14.3

y

Determine the components of the resultant by adding the corresponding force components.

Calculate the magnitude and direction.

components. • Calculate the magnitude and direction. R y R x 143 N . 1991 N

R

y

R

x

143 N

.

1991 N

.

tan

4.1

 4.1
 4.1

14.3 N sin

R

199.6 N

direction. R y R x 143 N . 1991 N . tan   4.1 