Anda di halaman 1dari 4

Darshan Institute of Engineering & Technology-Rajkot

Department of Electronics & Communication


GTU Examination Question Bank

Sem.: 6
th
Sem Subject: VLSI Technology and Design (161004)
Sr.
No
Exam
Year
Question Marks
Chapter 1 Introduction:
1

May 2011 Discuss VLSI design flow in detail 04
Dec. 2011 Explain VLSI Design flow using Y-chart. 07
Summer
2013
Discuss VLSI Design flow in detail. 07
2 Summer
2012
Answer the following:
(I) Compare Semi-custom and Full custom VLSI design style
(II) Discuss general architecture of FPGA
07
3 Summer
2012
Define and briefly discuss following:
1. Yield
01
4 Winter
2012
Discuss following approaches (with examples) used to reduce
complexity of IC design: 1. Hierarchy, 2. Regularity, 3. Modularity,
and 4. Locality
07
5 Summer
2013
Modularity in VLSI design 01
6 Summer
2013
List VLSI design styles and discuss FPGA 3.5
7 Winter
2013
Discuss following criteria which are considered to measure the
quality of chip design. 1. Testability 2. Yield and manufacturability
3. Reliability 4.Technology updateability
7
Chapter 2 Fabrication of MOSFET
8 May 2011 Discuss fabrication process of NMOS transistor. 07
9 Dec-2011 Explain the fabrication steps of nMOS transistor with necessary
figures.
07
10 Summer
2012
Discuss process flow for the fabrication of an n-type MOSFET on
p-type silicon
07
11 Summer
2012
Define or briefly discuss following:
Negative photoresist
Positive photoresist
02
12 Winter
2012
Why do we need isolation between MOS transistors fabricated on a
single chip? Explain etched field-oxide isolation and LOCOS
isolation techniques with diagrams
07
Winter
2013
Why do we require device isolation between MOS transistors that
comprise an IC? Explain LOCOS isolation technique with
necessary diagrams.
04
Summer
2013
Basic steps of the Local Oxidation of silicon (LOCOS) process to
create oxide isolation around active areas.
3.5
13 Winter
2012
Draw layout of CMOS Inverter and indicate minimum eight layout
rules of your choice in terms of .
07
14 Winter What is the difference between positive photoresist and negative 03
2013 photoresist? Which is commonly used in the manufacturing of high
density integrated circuits?
Chapter 4. MOS Inverters: Static characteristics:
15 May 2011 Design of a depletion-load NMOS inverter:

n
c
ox
= 30 A/V
2
,
V
T0
= 0.8 V (enhancement-type),
V
T0
= - 2.8 V,(depletion-type),
= 0.38 V
1/2
,
|2
F
| = 0.6 V,
V
DD
= 5 V.
1) Determine the (W/L) ratios of both transistors such that:
i) the static (DC) power dissipation for V
in
= V
OH
is 250 W, and
ii) V
OL
= 0.3 V.
2) Calculate V
IL
and V
IH
values, and determine the noise margins
07
16 May 2011 Draw circuit of resistive load inverter. Derive V
IH
, V
IL
,V
OL
and
V
OH
for resistive load inverter.
07
Summer
2013
Draw the Resistive Load Inverter circuit. Derive critical voltage
points V
OH
,V
OL
,V
IL
and V
IH
for Resistive Load Inverter circuit.
07
Winter
2013
Draw circuit of resistive load inverter. Derive VIL,VIH and VOL
for resistive load inverter.
07
17 May 2011 Consider a CMOS inverter circuit with the following parameters:
V
DD
= 3.3 V,
For NMOS V
TO
,n = 0.6 V,
n
C
ox
=60 A/V
2
, (W/L)n=8
For PMOS V
TO
,p = - 0.7 V,
p
C
ox
=25 A/V
2
, (W/L)p=12.
Calculate noise margin and Vth of the circuit.
07
18 Dec-2011 Design a resistive load inverter with R = 1k, such that V
OL
= 0.6V.
The enhancement-type nMOS driver transistor has the following
parameters:
V
DD
= 5.0V
V
TO
= 1.0 V
= 0.2 V
1/2

= 0

n
C
ox
= 22.0 A/V2
a. Determine the required aspect ratio, W/L.
b. Determine V
IL
and V
IH
.
07
19 Dec-2011 Draw the inverter circuit with depletion type nMOS load. Mention
the operating regions of driver and load transistors for different
input voltages. Derive critical voltage points VOH, VOL and VIL
for depletion- load nMOS inverter.
07
20 Summer
2012
Draw the CMOS Inverter circuit and Voltage Transfer
Characteristic (VTC) for different operating regions of the nMOS
and pMOS transistors. Derive critical voltage points VIL,VIH.
07
Winter
2013
For a CMOS inverter circuit, derive its critical voltage points VIL
and VIH.
07
21 Summer
2012
Consider a CMOS Inverter circuit with the following parameters:
V
DD
=3.3V, V
TO
,n=0.6V, V
TO
,p= -0.7V, k
n
=200 A/V
2
, k
p
=80
A/V
2

Calculate the noise margin of the circuit.
07
22 Summer
2012
Define and briefly discuss following:
4. Noise margin
01
Summer
2013
Briefly discuss following:
5. Noise Margin High


01
23 Winter
2012
Derive expressions for V
IH
and V
IL
for CMOS Inverter. 07
Winter
2013
For a CMOS inverter circuit, derive its critical voltage points VIL
and VIH.
07
24 Summer
2013
Consider a resistive-load inverter circuit with V
DD
=5 V,
K
n
=10A/V
2
, V
TO
=0.8V, R
L
=200k,and W/L=4. Calculate the
critical Voltages (VOH, VOL, VIL & VIH) on the VTC and find
the noise margins of the circuit.
07
25 Winter
2013
Consider the CMOS inverter, with the following device parameters:
nMOS VTO,n = 0.6 V nCox = 60 A/V2
pMOS VTO,p = -0.8 V pCox = 20 A/V2
Also: VDD = 3V, = 0.
a. Determine the (W/L) ratios of the nMOS and the pMOS
transistor such that the switching threshold is Vth = 1.5V.
b. Calculate noise margin.
07
Chapter 5 : MOS Inverters Switching characteristics and Interconnect Effects
26 Winter
2013
Explain Elmore delay calculation method for complex RC network.
Derive the formula for Elmore delay
DN
.
07
27 Summer
2013
Derive expression for propagation delay times tPHL and tPLH. 07
Winter
2012
Define propagation delay and derive expression for
PHL
for CMOS
Inverter. Assume ideal step as an input to CMOS Inverter
07
28 Winter
2012
Obtain expression for switching power dissipation in CMOS
Inverter circuit. Assume ideal step as an input to CMOS Inverter.
Under what constraints, derived expression can be applied to any
CMOS logic circuit?
07
29 Summer
2012
Draw input and output waveform during high to low transition of
output
for a CMOS inverter and derive expression for PHL
07
Dec 2011 Draw input and output waveforms during high to low transition of
output for a CMOS inverter. Derive expression for PHL.
07
30 May 2011 How will you calculate propagation delay times PLH and PHL
for CMOS Inverter?
07
Chapter 5 Combinational MOS Logic Circuits
31 Winter
2013
Explain two input depletion load NOR gate and derive the
necessary equations for the same.
07
32 Winter
2013
Draw CMOS implementation of D latch with two inverters and two
CMOS TG gates. Explain its working.
07
33 Winter
2013
For XOR function, draw following implementations.
3. CMOS transmission gate(TG)
02
34 Summer Draw circuit for CMOS two input NOR gate. Derive VTH of the 07
2013 same.
35 Summer
2013
Discuss CMOS transmission gate for all operating regions and plot
equivalent resistance of CMOS transmission gate as a function of
output voltage.
07
36 Winter
2012
Draw two-input CMOS NOR gate and obtain expression for
switching threshold voltage (v
th
). Assume that both NMOS
transistors are identical. Similarly, PMOS transistors are also
identical.
07
37 Winter
2012
Justify importance of transmission gate. Draw six-transistor CMOS
transmission gate implementation of the XOR function. Verify its
functionality.
07
38 Summer
2012
Implement following Boolean functions


using transmission gates
03.5
39 Dec 2011 Realize the following Boolean function using CMOS TG.
F = AB + AC + ABC.
02
40 Dec 2011 Implement the following Boolean function using CMOS.
F =[(C+D+E) . (B+A)].
Find a equivalent CMOS inverter circuit for simultaneous switching
of all inputs, assume that (W/L)p = 15 for all pMOS transistors and
(W/L)n = 10 for all nMOS transistors.
07
41 May 2011 Explain CMOS transmission gate. 07