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Anatomy Mid-term exam questions for practice before the final exam

Section I

Section II

Section III

Total

Section I Essay questions (10 marks each, 40 marks in total) Write a short account on FOUR of the following questions: (1) Sites and drainage areas of the main groups of lymph nodes in the body. (2) Give a short account on the Lesser (pulmonary) circulation. (3) Describe the stomach. (4) Describe the lung and give the differences between the right and left lung. (5) Write a short account on the types of bones. (6) Enumerate the bones forming the appendicular skeleton. Answer to question .

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Answer to question.


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Answer to question .

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Section II: Complete the following: (1.5 marks each + 2 marks for 1 question= 20 marks total)

1. The connection between arteries and veins include: capillaries, sinusoids and . 2. The biggest artery in the neck is .. 3. The .vein lies in the cubital fossa and is used for intravenous injection. 4. The ..is the pacemaker of the heart . 5. The ..valve lies between the left atrium and left ventricle . 6. The .is a lymphoid organ lying in the upper left part of the abdomen. 7. The ..is the organ of voice. 8. The cavity inside the shaft of long bone is called 9. The plane is the section which divides the body into right and left halves. 10. The blood consists of blood cells, platelets and a fluid called 11. Portal circulation means the transfer of blood from one organ to another organ without entering the .. (2 marks) 12. The type of bone containing air inside it is called 13. The bone is a small bone buried inside a tendon.

Section III : Multiple choice questions ( 2 marks each, 40 marks in total)

(1) One of the following is wrong concerning the nasopharynx: (a) It is the upper part of the pharynx (b) It lies behind the nose (c) It contains the opening of the Eustachian tube (d) It contains the palatine tonsils (2) Select the wrong statement concerning the left lung: (a) It is longer and lighter than the right lung. (b) It has a cardiac notch at its anterior end. (c) It has 2 fissures (d) It has 2 lobes (e) It has 8 segments

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(3) One of the following is incorrect concerning the sites of abdominal organs: (a) The liver lies in the right hypochondrium (b) The spleen lies in the left hypochondrium (c) The stomach lies in the epigastrium (d) The appendix lies in the right lumbar.

(4) Concerning the duodenum, select the wrong statement: (a) It is C-shaped (b) It is the shortest part of the small intestine (c) It surrounds the tail of the pancreas (d) It is 25cm long (e) It is concerned with the digestion of proteins and carbohydrates (5) Concerning the liver, select the wrong statement: (a) It is the largest organ in the body (b) It lies below the diaphragm in the right hypochondrial and epigastric regions (c) It has 4 lobes (d) Its weight is about 1.5 kg (e) 80% of its blood supply comes from the hepatic artery and 20% from the portal vein. (6) Concerning the scapula, select the wrong statement: (a) It forms the anterior bone of the shoulder girdle (b) It has 2 surfaces: anterior and posterior (c) It has a spine posteriorly (d) It has a coracoid process at its superior border (e) It is related to 2 joints: shoulder and acromio-clavicular (7) Select the wrong statement concerning the radius bone: (a) It is the medial bone of the arm (b) It is a long bone (c) It has a tuberosity directed medially (d) It is related to elbow joint (e) It is related to the wrist joint (8) Concerning the hip bone, select the wrong statement: (a) It forms the pelvic girdle (b) It is formed of 3 parts ilium, Ischium and femur (c) It has a cavity on its lateral side called the acetabulum (d) It is related to the sacroiliac and hip joints

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(9) Concerning the sternum, select the wrong statement: (a) its upper part is called the manubrium (b) its middle part is called the body (c) its lower part is called the xiphoid process (d) the upper part of the manubrium is called the sternal angle (e) The lower border of the manubrium is attached to the second rib. (10) (a) (b) (c) (d) Concerning the apex of the heart, select the wrong statement: It is directed downwards, forwards and to the left. It is formed by the right ventricle It lies between ribs 5 and 6, 9cm to the left of the middle line The first heart sound can be heard at the apex.

(11) One of the following does not belong to the arteries of the upper limb: (a) Axillary artery (b) Popliteal artery (c) Radial artery (d) Ulnar artery (e) Deep palmar arch (12) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (13) (a) (b) (c) (d) (14) (a) (b) (c) (d) (15) (a) (b) (c) (d) One of the following does not belong to the veins of the lower limb: Femoral vein Popliteal vein Anterior tibial vein Short saphenous vein Long saphenous vein One of the following is wrong concerning the scapula: It is the anterior bone of the shoulder girdle It is a triangular flat bone It has 2 surfaces It shares in 2 joints: acromio-clavicular and shoulder joints. Concerning the curvature of the vertebral column, select the wrong statement: The cervical curve is convex anterior The thoracic curve is convex posterior The lumbar curve is convex posterior The sacral curve is convex posterior One of the following is incorrect concerning the cervical vertebrae: The 1st cervical vertebra is called atlas The 2nd cervical vertebra is called axis The spine of the vertebrae is bifid The transverse process has articular surface
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(16) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (17) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (18) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (19) (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

Concerning the ribs, one of the following is incorrect: The upper 7 pairs join the sternum directly and are called true ribs. The lower 5 pairs do not join the sternum and are called false ribs The 11th and 12th ribs are called floating ribs The typical rib has posterior end, anterior end and shaft in between. The shaft has a groove on the outer surface called costal groove. Concerning the joints of the ribs, select the wrong statement: Costo-clavicular: with the clavicle Costo-vertebral: with the bodies of the vertebrae Costo-transverse: with the transverse process of the vertebra Sterno-costal: with the sternum Costo-chondrial: with the previous rib Concerning the number of vertebrae in each region, select the wrong statement: 8 cervical 12 thoracic 5 lumbar 5 sacral (fused together to form the sacrum) 4 coccygeal (fused together to form coccyx) Concerning the skull, select the wrong statement: It has 3 parts: cranium, face and base It consists of 21 immovable bones and 1 movable bone in the skull The mandible is the only movable bone in the skull The nasal sinuses are cavities filled with water and present in some skull bones. The skull bones belong to the axial skeleton.

(20) One of the following vertebrae has foramen in its transverse process for the vertebral artery: (a) Cervical (b) thoracic (c) Lumbar (d) sacral Please write the selected answers to the above MCQ questions in the tables below: MCQ 1 Answer 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

MCQ 11 Answer

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

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